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Encyclopedia > Folk Catholicism

Folk Catholicism are varieties of Catholicism deviating from official Roman Catholic Church doctrine. They are sometimes associated with syncretism, particularly Voodoo and Santeria. Varieties of folk Catholicism are widely practiced in Latin America, the West Indies, Gaelic Scotland, and the Philippines. Often Folk Catholicism involves the substitution of Catholic saints for indigenous gods and goddesses. This article considers Catholicism in the broadest ecclesiastical sense. ... Catholic Church redirects here. ... Syncretism is the attempt to reconcile disparate, even opposing, beliefs and to meld practices of various schools of thought. ... A large sequined Voodoo drapo or flag by the artist George Valris The term Voodoo (Vodun in Benin; also Vodou, Voudou, or other phonetically equivalent spellings in Haiti; Vudu in the Dominican Republic) is applied to the branches of a West African ancestor-based spiritist-animist religious tradition. ... Lukumí or Regla de Ocha, most widely known as Santeria, is a set of related religious systems that fuse Catholic beliefs with traditional Yorùbá beliefs. ... Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ... The Caribbean or the West Indies is a group of islands in the Caribbean Sea. ...


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Latin America's Music and Dance (1794 words)
This folk Catholicism was not actively constructed by someone, but rather materialized from the combination of Latin American’s unique characteristics.
The geographical constraints of a formidable frontier, dominance of major urban centers, and large, free fl population did greatly aid the development of the folk Catholicism, but above all it was the ingrained doctrines of the Christian religion that provided the greatest support to the slaves’ African origins.
Ultimately, it was through the entire combination of Latin America’s historical precedence, geographical constraints, and belief in undeniable, religious rights that aided the creation of this folk Catholicism so vital to the absorption of Afro-influence in the region’s music and dance.
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