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Encyclopedia > Fogo Island, Newfoundland and Labrador
Closeup of Fogo Island

Fogo Island, the largest of Newfoundland's offshore islands, lies off the northeast coast near Lewisporte and Twillingate. The Island is about 25 km long and 14 km wide. The total area is 237.71 km² (91.78 sq mi). Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... For other uses, see Newfoundland (disambiguation). ... Lewisporte is a small town in central Newfoundland, with a population of about 3312. ... Twillingate is a town of about 3,000 inhabitants situated on two neighbouring islands in northern Newfoundland. ...


The Island consists of eleven communities and had a population of 2,706 people in the 2006 census. The Canada 2006 Census was a detailed enumeration of the Canadian population. ...


The original settlement of the Island took place in the 18th century and the area remained isolated well into the 20th century. The English and Irish descendants of the first inhabitants retained traces of their Elizabethan English and Old Irish dialects which can be heard on the Island today. The Island has many ancient folk customs brought from England and Ireland that are now disappearing. Ronda, Spain Main street in Bastrop, Texas, a small town A town is a community of people ranging from a few hundred to several thousands, although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan areas. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem - the  United Kingdom anthem God Save the Queen is commonly used England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Unified  -  by Athelstan 927 AD  Area  -  Total 130...

Contents

History

Fishermen's Union general store, Seldom-Come-By, Newfoundland

Fogo Island is one of the oldest named features on the coast of Newfoundland. On early French maps (1500's) the island is referred to as "Ile des Fougues." The island may have been first named by Portuguese explorers and early fishing crews in the 1500s. Until 1783 Fogo Island was on an area of the coast called the "French Shore." Though English and Irish were not supposed to settle there, under the terms of the Treaty of Utrecht, they did settle, and by 1750 Fogo was a thriving part of the British mercantile system of fisheries, based out of West Country English towns such as Poole, in Dorset. Fishermens Union co-operative general store, Seldom-ComeBy, Newfoundland This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Fishermens Union co-operative general store, Seldom-ComeBy, Newfoundland This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... A map depicting the major changes in Western Europes borders as a result of the Treaties of Utrecht and Rastatt. ...


Tilting Harbour on Fogo Island is a National Cultural Landscape District of Canada and is also a Provincial Heritage District. Tilting is unique for it's Irish culture and, some people say, its Irish dialect. The Irish Cemetery in Tilting may be the oldest in North America. The first Irish settled in Tilting in the 1750s, and uniquely for Newfoundland, Tilting evolved into an exclusively Irish and Catholic town by the 1780s. Tilting is a town on the eastern end of Fogo Island off the northeast coast of Newfoundland. ...


Beothuk Indians traversed Fogo Island for many hundreds of years before Irish and English settlers arrived. The Beothuk pursued the seal and salmon fisheries in the area. They also travelled out to the Funk Islands to collect feathers from the birds there. In the early years of European settlement at Fogo, there were incidents of violence between the Beothuk and the Europeans. This contact ended around the year 1800 when the Beothuk became extinct. Newfoundland, home of the Beothuk The Beothuk (IPA: ) were the native inhabitants of the island of Newfoundland at the time of European contact in the 15th and 16th centuries. ... Fogo village, Newfoundland Fogo Island, the largest of Newfoundlands offshore islands, is off the Northeast Coast of Newfoundland near Lewisporte and Twillingate. ... Families Odobenidae Otariidae Phocidae Pinnipeds (fin-feet, lit. ... Illustration of a male Coho Salmon The Chinook or King Salmon is the largest salmon in North America and can grow to 1. ...


Fogo Island, like most of the Newfoundland outports, was built upon the fishery. Until the widespread depletion of fish stocks in the 1990's, cod was king. A lobster boat unloading its catch in Ilfracombe harbour, North Devon, England. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ...


Fishing has always been a hard life. Before Confederation with Canada, the mercantile classes of St John's, Newfoundland became rich by holding a near-monopoly stranglehold on both the supply of goods to the Newfoundland outports and on the sale of fish from them. St. ... A monopoly (from the Greek language monos, one + polein, to sell) is defined as a persistent market situation where there is only one provider of a product or service, in other words a firm that has no competitors in its industry. ... An outport is the term given for a small isolated coastal community in the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. ...


In the early 20th century, the Fisherman's Protective Union was formed in an attempt to break this stranglehold. It was a form of co-operative with general stores owned by fishermen for fishermen. One of the Fishermen's Union stores still stands at Seldom-Come-By on Fogo Island, now open as a museum complete with general store, port installations, fishing implements and equipment for the manufacture of cod liver oil. (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... The Fishermans Protective Union (sometimes called the Fishermens Protective Union, The Union or the Unionist Party) was a political party in Newfoundland and Labrador before it joined Canada. ... For cooperative as used in biochemistry, see cooperative binding. ... Capsules of Cod Liver Oil Cod liver oil, as its name suggests, is an oil extracted from cod livers. ...


Crab and lobster fisheries have largely replaced the cod fishery; a fish-packing plant remains in operation in the town of Fogo. Superfamilies Dromiacea Homolodromioidea Dromioidea Homoloidea Eubrachyura Raninoidea Cyclodorippoidea Dorippoidea Calappoidea Leucosioidea Majoidea Hymenosomatoidea Parthenopoidea Retroplumoidea Cancroidea Portunoidea Bythograeoidea Xanthoidea Bellioidea Potamoidea Pseudothelphusoidea Gecarcinucoidea Cryptochiroidea Pinnotheroidea * Ocypodoidea * Grapsoidea * An asterisk (*) marks the crabs included in the clade Thoracotremata. ... Binomial name Homarus americanus H. Milne-Edwards, 1837 The American lobster, Homarus americanus, is a species of lobster found on the Atlantic coast of North America. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


A Marconi radio transmitting station was once operational atop a hill near the town of Fogo; operating with a spark-gap transmitter to establish maritime communications, the station was forced to close around the time that radio became common for household use as the spark-gap design generated unacceptable levels of radio interference. Efforts to rebuilt this station as a historic site commenced in 2002. The Marconi Company Ltd. ... Antenna tower of Crystal Palace transmitter, London A transmitter (sometimes abbreviated XMTR) is an electronic device which with the aid of an antenna propagates an electromagnetic signal such as radio, television, or other telecommunications. ... Interference of two circular waves - Wavelength (decreasing bottom to top) and Wave centers distance (increasing to the right). ... A historic site is a location where pieces of history have been preserved. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ...


Communities

Fogo village, Newfoundland
Fogo village, Newfoundland

The eleven communities of Fogo Island are (with their 2006 census population): Download high resolution version (865x480, 79 KB)Fogo village on Fogo Island, Newfoundland in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Download high resolution version (865x480, 79 KB)Fogo village on Fogo Island, Newfoundland in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ...

  • Stag Harbour 223 (2001 population)
  • Seldom (together with Little Seldom) 444
  • Little Seldom
  • Island Harbour 185 (2001 population)
  • Deep Bay 141 (2001 population)
  • Fogo Island Central 15 (2001 population)
  • Fogo 748
  • Joe Batt's Arm (together with Barr'd Islands and Shoal Bay) 778
  • Shoal Bay
  • Barr'd Islands
  • Tilting 248

Stag Harbour, with a population of approximately 250, is a community on Fogo Island, in Newfoundland, Canada. ... Deep Bay was a village of 106 (1956), located south of Fogo. ... Fogo is a Canadian town on Fogo Island in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador. ... Barrd Islands was a post office and fishing settlement in the old Fogo district. ... Tilting is a town on the eastern end of Fogo Island off the northeast coast of Newfoundland. ...

Name

Scene from Fogo Island

Fogo Island was once called Y del Fogo, meaning Isle of Fire. There are two theories for the name: A small pond in Fogo, Newfoundland This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... A small pond in Fogo, Newfoundland This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ...

  • Many accidental or natural forest fires destroyed the dense forests of the Northern part of the Island.
  • Europeans continually saw the burning fires of the Beothuks, when they were visiting from across the Atlantic.

Fire in San Bernardino, California Mountains (image taken from the International Space Station) A wildfire, also known as a forest fire, vegetation fire, grass fire, or bushfire (in Australasia), is an uncontrolled fire in wildland often caused by lightning; other common causes are human carelessness and arson. ... A forest fire Fire is a rapid oxidation process that creates light, heat, smoke, frost, and releases energy in varying intensities. ... The Beothuks were the native inhabitants of the island of Newfoundland at the time of European contact in the 15th and 16th centuries. ... The Atlantic Ocean is Earths second-largest ocean, covering approximately one_fifth of its surface. ...

See also

A fishing stage is a wooden vernacular building, typical of the rough traditional buildings associated with the cod fishery in Newfoundland, Canada. ... This page lists communities of the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. ... An outport is the term given for a small isolated coastal community in the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. ...

External links

References

Coordinates: 49°40′N, 54°10′W Image File history File links Flag_of_Newfoundland_and_Labrador. ... Motto: Quaerite Prime Regnum Dei (Latin: Seek ye first the kingdom of God) Capital St. ... Newfoundland —   IPA: [nuw fÉ™n lænd] (French: , Irish: ) is a large island off the east coast of North America, and the most populous part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. ... Labrador (also Coast of Labrador) is a region of Atlantic Canada. ... Capital Hopedale (legislative) Nain (administrative) Area Total Recognized 142,450 km² 72,520 km² Nunatsiavut (Inuktitut: ᓄᓇᑦᓯᐊᕗᑦ) is an area claimed by the Inuit in Canada (not to be confused with the territory Nunavut). ... The Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador is divided into 10 Census divisions which are numbered 1 through 10. ... Division No. ... Census Division No. ... // Defined Census Division No. ... Division No. ... Division No. ... Census Division No. ... // Census Division No. ... Overlooking City of Corner Brook from James Cook Park Corner Brook is a city located in the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador, located on the Humber River. ... Mount Pearl is a city on the Avalon Peninsula in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, in Division No. ... Nickname: Motto: Avancez (Go forward) Coordinates: Country Canada Province Newfoundland and Labrador Established August 5, 1583 by Royal Charter of Queen Elizabeth I Government  - City Mayor Andy Wells  - Governing body St. ... This page lists communities of the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. ... Bishops Falls is a town in north-central Newfoundland, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. ... Categories: Towns | Newfoundland and Labrador communities | Coastal towns of Canada | Canada-place stubs ... Botwood is a town in north-central Newfoundland, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. ... Carbonear (, ) is a town on the Bay de Verde Peninsula in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. ... Port aux Basques and the other Marine Atlantic ferry ports Channel-Port aux Basques (also Port aux Basques) is a town at the extreme southwestern tip of the island of Newfoundland fronting on the eastern end of the Cabot Strait. ... Clarenville (2006 pop. ... The sun sets over Deer Lake, Newfoundland, June 2003. ... Ferryland in Newfoundland is part of the Avalon Peninsula on the southern shore of the island south of St. ... Gander is a Canadian town located in northeastern part of the island of Newfoundland in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, approximately 40 kilometres south of Gander Bay, a little over 100 kilometres from the town of Twillingate and 90 kilometres east of Grand Falls. ... Grand Falls-Windsor is a community in north-central Newfoundland, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. ... Happy Valley-Goose Bay is a town in Labrador of the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, the largest population centre in the central part of Labrador. ... Harbour Grace is one of the oldest towns in Conception Bay on the Avalon Peninsula in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. ... Orthographic projection over Labrador City Labrador City, Newfoundland and Labrador Labrador City is a small town in western Labrador (part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador), near the Quebec border. ... A canadian town in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador with a population of only 7000. ... Nain is the northernmost town of any size in the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador, located about 230 miles by air from Happy Valley-Goose Bay. ... Motto: Crown of the Valley Coordinates: Country Canada  Province Newfoundland and Labrador  Established 1969  - Mayor Robert “Bob” Mercer  - Governing Body Town of Pasadena Area    - Town 49. ... Peterviews welcome sign on the only road into the community. ... Panorama of Placentia. ... Red Bay (, NST) is a fishing village and former site of a Basque whaling station on the southern coast of Labrador in the Province of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. ... St. ... Stephenville (2005 est. ... Twillingate is a town of about 3,000 inhabitants situated on two neighbouring islands in northern Newfoundland. ... The Town Crest Woody Point is a beautiful and historic town located in the heart of Gros Morne National Park, on the western coast of Newfoundland. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Fogo Island, Newfoundland and Labrador - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (509 words)
Fogo Island, the largest of Newfoundland's offshore islands, is off the Northeast Coast of Newfoundland near Lewisporte and Twillingate.
On Fogo Island, the general response of fishers to the idea of Water Street in the St John's commercial district holding the largest concentration of millionaires while the people of the outports lived in poverty was F.U. The F.U. (or Fishermens' Union) Trading Company was a co-operative; general stores owned by fishermen for fishermen.
A Marconi radio transmitting station was once operational atop a hill near Fogo village; operating with a spark-gap transmitter to establish maritime communications, the station was forced to close around the time that radio became common for household use as the spark-gap design generated unacceptable levels of radio interference.
Newfoundland outport - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (436 words)
An outport is the term given for a small isolated coastal community in the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador.
Originally the term was just used for coastal communities on the island of Newfoundland but the term has also been adopted for those on the mainland area of Labrador as well.
On the island of Newfoundland, residents of the capital city of St.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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