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Encyclopedia > Foggia
Comune di Foggia
Coat of arms of Comune di Foggia
Municipal coat of arms
Country Flag of Italy Italy
Region Puglia
Province Foggia (FG)
Mayor Orazio Ciliberti
Elevation 76 m
Area 507 km²
Population
 - Total (as of December 31, 2004) 154,780
 - Density 288/km²
Time zone CET, UTC+1
Coordinates 41°27′51″N, 15°32′46″E
Gentilic Foggiani
Dialing code 0881
Postal code 71100
Frazioni Borgo Mezzanone, Arpinova, L'Incoronata, Cervaro, Tavernola, Segezia
Patron Madonna dei Sette Veli
 - Day March 22

Location of Foggia in Italy
Website: www.comune.foggia.it
The Villa Comunale (Municipal Park) of Foggia.
The Villa Comunale (Municipal Park) of Foggia.

Foggia is a city of Puglia, Italy, capital of the province of Foggia. Foggia is the main city of a plain called Capitanata, also known as the "granary of Italy". Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (600x778, 344 KB) This image was copied from wikipedia:it. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... The Regions of Italy were granted a degree of regional autonomy in the 1948 constitution, which states that the constitutions role is: to recognize, protect and promote local autonomy, to ensure that services at the State level are as decentralized as possible, and to adapt the principles and laws... Apulia is a region of Italy (called Puglia in Italian), bordering on Molise to the north-west, Campania to the south-west, Basilicata to the south, the Adriatic Sea to the east and the Ionian Sea to the south-east. ... In Italy, a province (in Italian: provincia) is an administrative division of intermediate level between municipality (comune) and region (regione). ... Foggia (It. ... December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries not observing summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with ethnonym. ... Here are a list of area codes in Italy. ... A frazione, in Italy, is the name given in administrative law to a type of territorial subdivision of a comune; for other subdivisions, see municipio, circoscrizione, quartiere. ... March 22 is the 81st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (82nd in leap years). ... Image File history File links Italy_Regions_220px_(including_Pelagie_Islands). ... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 1. ... Apulia is a region of Italy (called Puglia in Italian), bordering on Molise to the north-west, Campania to the south-west, Basilicata to the south, the Adriatic Sea to the east and the Ionian Sea to the south-east. ... Foggia (It. ... The stemma of Provincia di Foggia Foggia (It. ...

Image:Veduta Foggia.jpg
Aerial view of Foggia.

Contents

History

The name Foggia derives from Latin "fovea", meaning "pit". Although the area had been settled since Neolithic times, and a Greek colony known as Argos Hippium existed nearby, the first document attesting the existence of the modern city dates from 1000 AD: according to the legend, the first settlers were peasants who had found a panel potraying the Madonna, on which three flames burnt. The area was marshy and unhealty, being partially dried under Robert Guiscard, who therefore boosted the economic and social growth of the city. The city was the seat of Henry, Count of Monte Sant'Angelo, during the last twenty years of the eleventh century. In the twelfth, William II of Sicily built here a cathedral and further enlarged the settlement. Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ... An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools. ... Robert Guiscard (i. ... Henry (died probably 21 December 1102[1]) was the Count of Monte SantAngelo, with his seat at Foggia, from November 1081. ... William II crowned by Christ, mosaic in Monreale Cathedral. ...


Frederick II had a palace built in Foggia in 1223, in which he often sojourned. It was also seat of his court and of a studium including figures such as Michael Scot, but little of it remains now. Frederick II (December 26, 1194 – December 13, 1250), of the Hohenstaufen dynasty, was a pretender to the title of King of the Romans from 1212 and unopposed holder of that monarchy from 1215. ... // Events August 6 - Louis VIII is crowned King of France. ... Michael Scot (1175 - ?1232) was a mediaeval mathematician and scholar. ...


In 1447 King Alfonso V of Aragon built a Custom Palace to tax the local sheep farmers, but this caused a decline of the local economy and the progressive ruin of the land, which get marshy again. In 1456 an earthquake struck Foggia, followed by others in 1534, 1627 and 1731, the latter destroying one third of the city. The House of Bourbon, however, promoted a certain economical growth by boosting the cereal agriculture of Capitanata and rebuilding much of the settlement. In the 19th century Foggia received a railway station and important public monuments. The citizen took also part to the riot movements which led to the annexation of Italy in 1861. Events March 6 - Nicholas V becomes Pope. ... Alfonso V of Aragon (also Alfonso I of Naples) (1396 – June 27, 1458), surnamed the Magnanimous, was the King of Aragon and Naples and count of Barcelona from 1416 to 1458. ... // Events July 7 - Joan of Arc acquitted (but she had already been executed). ... 1534 (MDXXXIV) was a common year in the 16th century. ... Events A Dutch ship makes the first recorded sighting of the coast of South Australia. ... Events 10 Downing Street becomes the official residence of the United Kingdoms Prime Minister when Robert Walpole moves in. ... Also see:  Early Modern France The House of Bourbon is an important European royal house. ... Italian unification, also known as Risorgimento (resurrection), was a historical process by which the Kingdom of Sardinia (ruled by the Savoy dynasty with Turin as its capital) gradually conquered the Italian peninsula, including the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, the Duchy of Modena, the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, the Duchy... 1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar) // January 1 - Benito Juárez captures Mexico City January 2 - Friedrich Wilhelm IV of Prussia dies and is succeeded by...


The abolition of the custom in 1865 favoured the abandon of sheep farming in favour of a definitive shift to an agricultural economy. The historical lack of water resources was solved with the construction of the Apulian aqueduct in 1924, when Foggia was already an important hub between northern and southern Italy. 1865 (MDCCCLXV) is a common year starting on Sunday. ... 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar). ...


This role pushed the Allies to bomb the city during World War II, in particular on July 22 and August 19, 1943, reducing it into rubble. On October 1, 1943 the Allies conquered Foggia, making it a stronghold of their slow offensive towards the north of the peninsula. In 1959 and 2006 Foggia received the Gold Medal for Civil and, respectively, Military value for its role in World War II. Look up ally in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... July 22 is the 203rd day (204th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 162 days remaining. ... August 19 is the 231st day of the year (232nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1943 calendar). ... October 1 is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1943 calendar). ...


Main sights

  • The cathedral of Santa Maria de Fovea, which is directly linked with the patron saint "Madonna dei Sette Veli" (Madonna of the Seven Veils)
  • Palazzo Dogana, the historical seat of the sheep custom.
  • Chiesa delle Croci ("Church of the Crosses").
  • The Three Arches.
  • Arco di Federico II ("Arch of Frederick II").
  • Archaeological park of Passo di Covo.

A cathedral is a religious building for worship, specifically of a denomination with an episcopal hierarchy, such as the Roman Catholic, Anglican and some Lutheran churches, which serves as a bishops seat, and thus as the central church of a diocese. ... Virgin and Child Surrounded by Angels (c. ...

Economy

Although relatively less important than once, the agricultural sector remain the mainstay of Foggia's economy, so much that its area is nicknamed the "granary of Italy".


The few industries present are mostly devoted food processing. Craftsmanship is also developed.


Sport

Foggia's stadium is entitled to Pino Zaccheria, a local pioneer of basketball killed during World War II. It is home of the town's football team U.S. Foggia, which currently plays in Serie C1/B. Sara Giauro shoots a three-point shot, FIBA Europe Cup for Women Finals 2005. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... U.S. Foggia is an Italian football club, based in Foggia, Apulia. ... Serie C is the name of the third and fourth highest football leagues in Italy. ...


Famous people

  • Renzo Arbore, TV showman and musician.
  • Umberto Giordano, composer, whose memory is honored in the town square.
  • Mauro De Mauro, journalist assassinated by mafia.

Umberto Giordano Umberto Giordano (August 28, 1867 - November 12, 1948) was an Italian composer, mainly of opera. ...

Other

It is the seat of the Archdiocese of Foggia-Bovino.[1] The Archdiocese of Foggia-Bovino is a Roman Catholic archdiocess in Puglia, Italy. ...


Twin cities

Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Göppingen is a town in southern Germany, part of the Stuttgart Region of Baden-Württemberg. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Pescasseroli is a tiny little town in Southern Abruzzo, a mountainous region in Central Italy. ...

See also

The stemma of Provincia di Foggia Foggia (It. ... Monte Gargano in Apulia, Italy, is the site of the oldest shrine in Western Europe dedicated to the archangel Michael, the militant Christian transformation of Mithras. ... The Tavoliere seen from the Gargano promontory. ...

References

  1. ^ Archdiocese of Foggia-Bovino. catholic-hierarchy.org.

External links

  • The portal of Foggia and province
  • Latest news from Foggia and province
  • City of Foggia's official site
  • ItalianVisits.com
  • Small Town Foggia

  Results from FactBites:
 
Foggia - LoveToKnow 1911 (313 words)
FOGGIA, a town and episcopal see (since 1855) of Apulia, Italy, the capital of the province of Foggia, situated 243 ft. above sea level, in the centre of the great Apulian plain, 201 m.
After his son's death, it was a prey to internal dissensions and finally came under Alphonso I. of Aragon, who converted the pastures of the Apulian plain into a royal domain in 1445, and made Foggia the place at which the tax on the sheep was to be paid and the wool to be sold.
Foggia is a commercial centre of some importance for the produce of the surrounding country, and is also a considerable railway centre, being situated on the main line from Bologna to Brindisi, at the point where this is joined by the line from Benevento and Caserta.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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