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Encyclopedia > Foday Sankoh
Sierra Leone Civil War
Personalities

Charles Taylor - Foday Sankoh
Hinga Norman - Ahmad Tejan Kabbah
Johnny Paul Koroma
Valentine Strasser - Solomon Musa
National motto: Unity - Freedom - Justice // Background Main article: History of Sierra Leone The colonial history of Sierra Leone was not placid. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Charles Taylor announces his resignation on Liberian TV, 2003 Charles Ghankay Taylor (born January 28, 1948) was the President of Liberia from 1997 to 2003. ... Samuel Hinga Norman (1940) was a chieftan from the Mende tribe in Sierra Leone and led the traditional paramilitary force, the Kamajors. ... Ahmad Tejan Kabbah (born February 16, 1932) is the President of Sierra Leone (1996-1997, 1998 - present). ... Johnny Paul Koroma (1960 - June 1, 2003) was the head of the Armed Forces Revolutionary Council of Sierra Leone from May 1997 to February 1998. ... Valentine Strasser (born 1967) is a former head of state of Sierra Leone. ... Solomon Anthony James Musa (1966 - January 1999) was an important military and political figure in the Sierra Leone Civil War. ...

Armed Forces

RUF - SLA - West Side Boys
Kamajors - Executive Outcomes
ECOMOG - Sandline International
The Revolutionary United Front (RUF) was a rebel army that fought a failed ten-year insurrection in Sierra Leone, starting in 1991 and ending in 2002. ... The West Side Boys were an armed group in Sierra Leone, sometimes described as a splinter faction of the Armed Forces Revolutionary Council. ... The Kamajors are a group of traditional hunters from the south and east of Sierra Leone (mostly from the Bo district). ... Executive Outcomes (EO) was a private military company founded by Eeben Barlow in 1989 and ceasing to exist in 1999. ... ECOMOG is a West African multilateral armed force established by the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). ... Sandline International was a private security (military) company based in London, established in the early 1990s. ...

Attempts at Peace

Lomé Peace Accord - Abidjan Peace Accord
UNAMSIL - SCSL
PEACE AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT OF SIERRA LEONE AND THE REVOLUTIONARY UNITED FRONT OF SIERRA LEONE THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF SIERRA LEONE and THE REVOLUTIONARY UNITED FRONT OF SIERRA LEONE (RUF/SL) Having met in Lome, Togo, from the 25 May 1999, to 7 July 1999 under the... The Abidjan Peace Accord was a treaty signed between the Sierra Leone Peoples Party(SLPP) government of Ahmad Tejan Kabbah, and the Revolutionary United Front (RUF) rebel group led by Foday Sankoh to find a resolution to the Sierra Leone Civil War. ... The United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone (UNAMSIL) is a United Nations peacekeeping operation in Sierra Leone. ...

Political Groups

SLPP - AFRC - APC Political parties in Sierra Leone lists political parties in Sierra Leone. ... SLPP symbol, the palm-tree The Sierra Leone Peoples Party is the ruling political party in Sierra Leone. ... The Armed Forces Revolutionary Council (AFRC) was the former military of Sierra Leone that merged into the rebel Revolutionary United Front in the late 1990s. ... The All Peoples Congress is a political party in Sierra Leone. ...

Tribes

Mende - Temne The Mende are a large tribe (population approximately 700,000), speakers of the Mende language, living primarily in Sierra Leone, Liberia, and Guinea. ...

See also

Freetown - Mano River
Conflict diamond - Liberian Civil War
Freetown, population 1,070,200 (2004), is the largest city and capital of Sierra Leone, lying on the Freetown Peninsula on the Atlantic coast. ... The Mano River is a river in west Africa, it originates in the Guinea Highlands in Liberia and forms the Liberia-Sierra Leone border. ... A conflict diamond (also called a blood diamond) is a diamond mined in a war zone and sold, usually clandestinely, in order to finance an insurgent or invading armys war efforts. ... Charles Taylor, a leader of the NPFL and later President of Liberia. ...

Foday Sankoh (October 17, 1937 - July 29, 2003) was a leader of the Sierra Leone rebel faction Revolutionary United Front (RUF) in the 10-year-long Sierra Leonean civil war, which ended in 2002. October 17 is the 290th (in leap years the 291st) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. ... 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... July 29 is the 210th day (211th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 155 days remaining. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Revolutionary United Front (RUF) was a rebel army that fought a failed ten-year insurrection in Sierra Leone, starting in 1991 and ending in 2002. ... 2002 (MMII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Between 50,000 and 200,000 people died in the civil war Sankoh started in 1991. A civil war is a war in which the competing parties within the same country or empire struggle for national control of state power. ... 1991 (MCMXCI in Roman) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


A former corporal in the Sierra Leonean army, wedding photographer, and television cameraman, Sankoh became a student activist in the 1970s. After his activism earned him a short prison term, Sankoh joined a Cold War guerilla camp in Libya sponsored by Muammar al-Qaddafi, where Muammar al-Qaddafi was preaching revolutionary ideas to West African dissidents. It is here that he met Charles Taylor, future president of Liberia and Sankoh's financial benefactor and ally throughout the civil war. With his encouragement, Sankoh and two allies, Abu Kanu and Rashid Mansaray, returned from Libya to form the RUF and begin an insurrection. The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, inclusive. ... For the generic term for high-tension and / or indirect struggle between states, falling short of actual open hostilities, see cold war (war). ... Colonel Gaddafi Muammar Abu Minyar al-Qaddafi 1 — pronounced Gaddafi — (Arabic: معمر القذافي Mu`ammar al-QadhdhāfÄ«) (born circa 1942 near Sirte, Libya), has been the leader of Libya since 1969. ...  Western Africa (UN subregion)  Maghreb West Africa or Western Africa is the westernmost region of the African continent. ... Charles Taylor announces his resignation on Liberian TV, 2003 Charles Ghankay Taylor (born January 28, 1948) was the President of Liberia from 1997 to 2003. ...


His RUF became notorious for brutal practices such as mass rapes and amputations during the civil war. Sankoh personally ordered many operations, including one called "Operation Pay Yourself" that encouraged troops to loot anything they could find. After complaining about such tactics, Kanu and Mansaray were summarily executed. In March 1997, Sankoh fled to Nigeria, where he was put under house arrest, and then imprisoned. From this time until Sankoh's release in 1999, Sam Bockarie performed the task of director of military operations of the RUF. During the ten-year war, Sankoh broke several promises to stop fighting, including the Abdijan Agreements and the Lomé Peace Accord signed in 1999. Eventually British and Guineans intervened in Sierra Leone with their own small, but professional, military forces. The RUF was crushed. Sankoh was later arrested after his soldiers gunned down a number of protesters outside his Freetown home in 2000. His arrest led to massive celebrations in Freetown. Sankoh was handed to the British and, under jurisdiction of a UN-backed court, he was indicted on 17 counts for various war crimes, including crimes against humanity, rape, sexual slavery and extermination. Sam Mosquito Bockarie (10 February 1964 - 5 May 2003) was a leading member of the Revolutionary United Front (RUF) in Sierra Leone. ... PEACE AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT OF SIERRA LEONE AND THE REVOLUTIONARY UNITED FRONT OF SIERRA LEONE THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF SIERRA LEONE and THE REVOLUTIONARY UNITED FRONT OF SIERRA LEONE (RUF/SL) Having met in Lome, Togo, from the 25 May 1999, to 7 July 1999 under the... Freetown, population 1,070,200 (2004), is the largest city and capital of Sierra Leone, lying on the Freetown Peninsula on the Atlantic coast. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... The United Nations (UN) is an international organization that describes itself as a global association of governments facilitating cooperation in international law, international security, economic development, and social equity. ... A war crime is a punishable offense, under international law, for violations of the law of war by any person or persons, military or civilian. ...


Sankoh died of complications from a stroke while awaiting trial. The chief prosecutor for the trial said Sankoh's death granted him "a peaceful end that he denied to so many others." A stroke or cerebrovascular accident (CVA) occurs when the blood supply to a part of the brain is suddenly interrupted. ...


External links

  • BBC obituary
  • Photos of Atrocities (Warning: graphic images)
  • Economist obituary

  Results from FactBites:
 
Foday Sankoh (345 words)
Foday Sankoh (October 17, 1937 - July 29, 2003) was a leader of the Sierra Leone rebel faction Revolutionary United Front in the 10-year-long Sierra Leonean civil war, which ended in 2002.
Sankoh was later arrested after his soldiers gunned down a number of protesters outside his Freetown home in 2000.
Sankoh was handed to the British and, under jurisdiction of a UN-backed court, he was indicted on 17 counts for various war crimes, including crimes against humanity, rape, sexual slavery and extermination.
Telegraph | News | Foday Sankoh (1202 words)
Foday Sankoh, who died on Tuesday aged 65, was the leader of one of the world's most brutal guerrilla movements; for 10 years his Revolutionary United Front (RUF) terrorised the people of Sierra Leone, gang-raping women and girls and killing or hacking off the limbs of suspected opponents.
Sankoh's outwardly gentle demeanour and his rabble-rousing charisma convinced a lot of people of his good intentions, and in its early stages the RUF attracted the support of idealists opposed to the corrupt regime of Joseph Momoh.
Sankoh's response to criticism was to deny stories of atrocities, although he was fond of quoting the saying: "When a lion and an elephant are fighting, the grass is going to suffer." He had no compunction about eliminating opponents.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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