FACTOID # 28: Austin, Texas has more people than Alaska.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Fly" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Flies

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Subclass: Pterygota
Infraclass: Neoptera
Superorder: Endopterygota
Order: Diptera
Linnaeus, 1758
Suborders

Nematocera (includes Eudiptera)
Brachycera A fly is any species of insect of the order Diptera. ... Look up flies in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1591x1234, 1018 KB) two flies having sex Other versions File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Fly Mating User:Aka User talk:Aka Anthomyiidae Wikipedia:Featured pictures thumbs... For other uses, see Scientific classification (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Animal (disambiguation). ... Subphyla and Classes Subphylum Trilobitomorpha Trilobita - trilobites (extinct) Subphylum Chelicerata Arachnida - spiders,scorpions, etc. ... Orders Subclass Apterygota Archaeognatha (bristletails) Thysanura (silverfish) Subclass Pterygota Infraclass Paleoptera (Probably paraphyletic) Ephemeroptera (mayflies) Odonata (dragonflies and damselflies) Infraclass Neoptera Superorder Exopterygota Grylloblattodea (ice-crawlers) Mantophasmatodea (gladiators) Plecoptera (stoneflies) Embioptera (webspinners) Zoraptera (angel insects) Dermaptera (earwigs) Orthoptera (grasshoppers, etc) Phasmatodea (stick insects) Blattodea (cockroaches) Isoptera (termites) Mantodea (mantids) Psocoptera... Orders     Palaeodictyoptera - extinct     Ephemeroptera (mayflies)     Odonata (dragonflies and damselflies)   Infraclass Neoptera     Blattodea (cockroaches)     Mantodea (mantids)     Isoptera (termites)     Zoraptera     Grylloblattodea (rock crawlers)     Dermaptera (earwigs)     Plecoptera (stoneflies)     Orthoptera (grasshoppers, crickets, katydids)     Phasmatodea (walking sticks, timemas)     Embioptera (webspinners)     Mantophasmatodea (gladiators)    Superorder Hemipterodea     Psocoptera (booklice, barklice)     Phthiraptera (lice)     Hemiptera (true bugs)     Thysanoptera (thrips)    Superorder... Orders     Blattodea (cockroaches)     Mantodea (mantids)     Isoptera (termites)     Zoraptera     Grylloblattodea     Dermaptera (earwigs)     Plecoptera (stoneflies)     Orthoptera (grasshoppers, crickets, katydids)     Phasmatodea (walking sticks, timemas)     Embioptera (webspinners)     Mantophasmatodea (gladiators)    Superorder Hemipterodea     Psocoptera (booklice, barklice)     Phthiraptera (lice)     Hemiptera (true bugs)     Thysanoptera (thrips)    Superorder Endopterygota     Miomoptera - extinct     Megaloptera (alderflies, etc. ... Orders Coleoptera (beetles) Diptera (flies and relatives) Hymenoptera (wasps and relatives) Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths) Mecoptera Megaloptera Miomoptera (extinct) Neuroptera Raphidioptera (snakeflies) Siphonaptera (fleas) Strepsiptera Trichoptera (caddisflies) The Endopterygota, also known as Holometabola, are insects of the subclass Pterygota which go through distinctive larval, pupal, and adult stages. ... Carl Linnaeus, Latinized as Carolus Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as  , (May 13, 1707[1] – January 10, 1778), was a Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist[2] who laid the foundations for the modern scheme of nomenclature. ... Cover of the tenth edition of Linnaeuss Systema Naturae (1758). ... Infraorders Axymyiomorpha Culicomorpha Blephariceromorpha Bibionomorpha Psychodomorpha Ptychopteromorpha Tipulomorpha Nematocera are generally primitive flies, typically recognized by filamentous, multi-segmented antennae which may be plumose in some males. ... Infraorder Deuterophlebiomorpha Tipulomorpha Culicomorpha Bibionomorpha Blephariceromorpha Axymyiomorpha Ptychopteromorpha Eudiptera is a suborder of Diptera. ... Infraorder Orthorrhapha Cyclorrhapha Muscomorpha Brachycera is a suborder of Diptera. ...

Wikispecies has information related to:
Diptera

True flies are insects of the Order Diptera (Greek: di = two, and pteron = wing), possessing a single pair of wings on the mesothorax and a pair of halteres, derived from the hind wings, on the metathorax. The common housefly is a true fly and is one of the most widely distributed animals. Image File history File links Wikispecies-logo. ... Wikispecies is a wiki-based online project supported by the Wikimedia Foundation that aims to create a comprehensive free content catalogue of all species (including animalia, plantae, fungi, bacteria, archaea, and protista). ... Orders Subclass Apterygota Archaeognatha (bristletails) Thysanura (silverfish) Subclass Pterygota Infraclass Paleoptera (Probably paraphyletic) Ephemeroptera (mayflies) Odonata (dragonflies and damselflies) Infraclass Neoptera Superorder Exopterygota Grylloblattodea (ice-crawlers) Mantophasmatodea (gladiators) Plecoptera (stoneflies) Embioptera (webspinners) Zoraptera (angel insects) Dermaptera (earwigs) Orthoptera (grasshoppers, etc) Phasmatodea (stick insects) Blattodea (cockroaches) Isoptera (termites) Mantodea (mantids) Psocoptera... Wing structure of a dragonfly (family Gomphidae) Insect wings are outgrowths of the insect exoskeleton that enable insects to fly. ... The mesothorax is the middle of the three segments in the thorax of an insect, and bears the second pair of legs. ... Halteres, (singular halter or haltere) from the Greek word for dumbbells, are small knobbed structures homologous to wings and flapped to maintain stability when flying. ... The metathorax is the posterior of the three segments in the thorax of an insect, and bears the third pair of legs. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 The housefly (also house fly or house-fly), Musca domestica, is the most common fly occurring in homes, the most familiar of all flies and indeed one of the most widely distributed animals; it is a pest that can carry and transmit serious diseases. ... For other uses, see Animal (disambiguation). ...


The presence of a single pair of wings distinguishes true flies from other insects with "fly" in their name, such as mayflies, dragonflies, damselflies, stoneflies, whitefly, fireflies, alderflies, dobsonflies, snakeflies, sawflies, caddisflies, butterflies or scorpionflies. Some true flies have become secondarily wingless, especially in the superfamily Hippoboscoidea, or among those that are inquilines in social insect colonies. Suborders Suborder Schistonota  Superfamily Baetoidea    Siphlonuridae    Baetidae    Oniscigastridae    Ameletopsidae    Ametropodidae  Superfamily Heptagenioidea    Coloburiscidae    Oligoneuriidae    Isonychiidae    Heptageniidae  Superfamily Leptophlebioidea    Leptophlebiidae  Superfamily Ephemeroidea    Behningiidae    Potamanthidae    Euthyplociidae    Polymitarcydae    Ephemeridae    Palingeniidae Suborder Pannota  Superfamily Ephemerelloidea    Ephemerellidae    Leptohyphidae    Tricorythidae  Superfamily Caenoidea    Neoephemeridae    Baetiscidae    Caenidae    Prosopistomatidae Mayflies are insects which belong to the Order Ephemeroptera (from... This article is about the insect. ... Families Amphipterygidae Calopterygidae - Demoiselles Chlorocyphidae - Jewels Coenagrionidae - Pond Damselflies Dicteriadidae - Barelegs Euphaeidae - Gossamerwings Hemiphlebidae - Reedlings Isosticidae - Narrow-wings Lestidae - Spreadwings Lestoididae Megapodagrionidae - Flatwings Perilestidae - Shortwings Platycnemidae - Brook Damselflies Platystictidae - Forest Damselflies Polythoridae - Bannerwings Protoneuridae - Pinflies Pseudostigmatidae - Forest Giants Synlestidae - Sylphs The Damselfly (Suborder Zygoptera) is an insect in the Order... Plecoptera are an order of insects, commonly known as stoneflies. ... Whitefly Categories: Stub ... For the science fiction television series, see Firefly (TV series). ... Alderfly is the name given to neuropterous insects of the family Sialidae, related to the ant-lions, with long filamentous antennae and four large wings, of which the anterior pair is rather longer than the posterior. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) The name dobsonfly refers to any species of the genus Corydalus (family Corydalidae). ... Families Inocellidae Raphidiidae Snakeflies (suborder Raphidioptera) are a group of insect, under subclass Pterygota, order Neuroptera. ... Superfamilies and families Superfamily Cephoidea    Family Cephidae (stem sawflies) Superfamily Megalodontoidea    Family Megalodontesidae    Family Pamphiliidae (leaf-rolling & web-spinning sawflies) Superfamily Orussoidea    Family Orussidae (parasitic wood wasps) Superfamily Siricoidea    Family Anaxyelidae (cedar wood wasps)    Family Siricidae (horntails) Superfamily Tenthredinoidea    Family Argidae (argid sawflies)    Family Blasticotomidae (fern sawflies)    Family Cimbicidae (cimbicid... Trichoptera, or caddis fly as they are more commonly known, can be divided into two groups, those which live in standing water (such as pond and lakes) and those which live in flowing water (rivers and streams). ... Superfamilies and families Superfamily Hedyloidea: Hedylidae Superfamily Hesperioidea: Hesperiidae Superfamily Papilionoidea: Papilionidae Pieridae Nymphalidae Lycaenidae Riodinidae A butterfly is an insect of the order Lepidoptera. ... Families Nannochoristidae Boreidae (snow fleas) Siphonaptera (fleas) Meropeidae (earwig flies) Eomeropidae Apteropanorpidae Choristidae Panorpodidae Bittacidae (hanging flies) Panorpidae (scorpion flies) Mecoptera are an order of insects with about 600 species worldwide. ... Families  Glossinidae  Hippoboscidae  Mormotomyiidae  Nycteribiidae  Streblidae Hippoboscoidea is a superfamily of Calyptratae. ... In zoology, an inquiline is an animal that lives commensally in the nest, burrow, or dwelling place of an animal of another species. ...


It is a large order, containing an estimated 240,000 species of mosquitos, gnats, midges and others, although under half of these (about 120,000 species) have been described [1]. It is one of the major insect orders both in terms of ecological and human (medical and economic) importance. The Diptera, in particular the mosquitoes (Culicidae), are of great importance as disease transmitters, acting as vectors for malaria, dengue, West Nile virus, yellow fever and other infectious diseases. For other uses, see Species (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Mosquito (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Gnat (disambiguation). ... Midges on a car Midges are small, two-winged flying insects. ... This article is about the insect; for the WWII aircraft see De Havilland Mosquito. ... Malaria is a vector-borne infectious disease caused by protozoan parasites. ... For music group see Dengue Fever (rock band) Dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) are acute febrile diseases, found in the tropics, with a geographical spread similar to malaria. ... West Nile virus (WNV) is a virus of the family Flaviviridae; part of the Japanese encephalitis (JE) antigenic complex of viruses, it is found in both tropical and temperate regions. ...

Contents

Ecology

Ceratitis capitata, the "Mediterranean fruit fly" or "medfly", is an important pest of fruit crops.
Ceratitis capitata, the "Mediterranean fruit fly" or "medfly", is an important pest of fruit crops.
Fly capturing tape
Fly capturing tape

Diptera are a diverse order with an enormous range of ecological roles. Every type of trophic level pattern can be seen in the Diptera. Dipteran predators include the robber flies (Asilidae).[2] A variety of herbivores can be found in the Diptera, such as the economically important fruit flies (Tephritidae). Flies are often parasites, including internal parasites such as the bot fly and external parasites such as the mosquito, black fly, sand fly or louse fly. Myiasis is the special term for flies infecting living tissue (such as the screw worm fly). Many flies eat dead organic matter (detritovores), plant or animal remains. This is especially common in the larval stage, seen in the filter-feeding mosquitos and black flies to the dung-feeding blow flies (Calliphoridae) or the organic deposit feeding rat-tailed maggot. A number of taxa feed on blood, including horse flies and mosquitos. Flies are also important pollinators for many species of plant, and many species feed on pollen and nectar. Image File history File links Medfly. ... Image File history File links Medfly. ... Binomial name Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann, 1824) Synonyms Ceratitis citripeda Efflatoun, 1924 Ceratitis citriperda Macleay, 1829 Ceratitis hispanica Breme, 1842 Pardalaspis asparagi Bezzi, 1924 Tephritis capitata Wiedemann, 1824 Trypeta capitata (Wiedemann, 1824) Ceratitis capitata, the Mediterranean fruit fly, or medfly for short, is a species of fruit fly capable of wreaking... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 538 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,287 × 1,537 pixels, file size: 609 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 538 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,287 × 1,537 pixels, file size: 609 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... In ecology, the trophic level (Greek trophÄ“, food) is the position that an organism occupies in a food chain - what it eats, and what eats it. ... This snapping turtle is trying to make a meal of a Canada goose, but the goose is too wary. ... Subfamilies Asilinae Dasypogoninae Laphriinae Leptogastrinae Ommatiinae Flies in the Diptera family Asilidae are commonly known as robber flies. ... A deer and two fawns feeding on some foliage A herbivore is often defined as any organism that eats only plants[1]. By that definition, many fungi, some bacteria, many animals, about 1% of flowering plants and some protists can be considered herbivores. ... Diversity 500 genera, about 5,000 species Genera Bactrocera Ceratitis Paracantha Rhagoletis Tephritis Urophora Euaresta hundreds more Tephritidae is one of two fly families referred to as fruit flies. ... A parasite is an organism that lives in or on the living tissue of a host organism at the expense of that host. ... Subfamilies  Cephenemyiinae  Gasterophilinae  Hypodermatinae Oestridae (also called botfly or bot fly) is a family of Oestroidea. ... A parasite is an organism that lives in or on the living tissue of a host organism at the expense of that host. ... For other uses, see Mosquito (disambiguation). ... Subfamilies Parasimuliinae Simuliinae Genera Araucnephia Araucnephioides Archicnephia Austrosimulium Baisomyia Cnephia Cnesia Cnesiamima Crozetia Ectemnia Gigantodax Greniera Gydarina Gymnopais Kovalevimyia Levitinia Lutzsimulium Mayacnephia Metacnephia Paracnephia Parasimulium Paraustrosimulium Pedrowygomyia Prosimulium Simuliites Simulimima Simulium Stegopterna Sulcicnephia Tlalocomyia Twinnia A black fly (sometimes called a buffalo gnat, turkey gnat or white socks) is any... Sandfly biting a humans little finger Sand fly or sandfly is a colloquial name for any species or genus of flying, biting, blood-sucking Dipteran that is encountered in sandy areas. ... Hippoboscidae, or louse flies (superfamily Hippoboscoidea), are obligate parasites of mammals and birds. ... Binomial name Cochliomyia hominivorax (Coquerel, 1858) Cochliomyia hominivorax, the New World screw-worm fly, or screw-worm for short, is a species of parasitic fly that is famous for the way in which its larvae (maggots) eat the living tissue of warm-blooded animals. ... A dung beetle rolling a ball of dung Detritivores (also known as saprophages, detrivores or detritus feeders) are organisms that recycle detritus (decomposing organic material), returning it into the food chain. ... For other uses, see Mosquito (disambiguation). ... Subfamilies Parasimuliinae Simuliinae Genera Araucnephia Araucnephioides Archicnephia Austrosimulium Baisomyia Cnephia Cnesia Cnesiamima Crozetia Ectemnia Gigantodax Greniera Gydarina Gymnopais Kovalevimyia Levitinia Lutzsimulium Mayacnephia Metacnephia Paracnephia Parasimulium Paraustrosimulium Pedrowygomyia Prosimulium Simuliites Simulimima Simulium Stegopterna Sulcicnephia Tlalocomyia Twinnia A black fly (sometimes called a buffalo gnat or turkey gnat) is any member of... Subfamilies Calliphorinae Chrysomyiinae The Blowflies are members of the family Calliphoridae of flies (Diptera). ... Rat-tailed maggots are the larvae of some species of hoverfly, commonly Eristalis tenax. ... Genera as listed in ITIS: Subfamily Chrysopsinae: Merycomyia Chrysops Neochrysops Silvius Subfamily Pangoniinae: Apatolestes Asaphomyia Brennania Esenbeckia Pangonia Pegasomyia Stonemyia Goniops Subfamily Tabaninae: Anacimas Bolbodimyia Catachlorops Chlorotabanus Diachlorus Dichelacera Holcopsis Lepiselaga Leucotabanus Microtabanus Stenotabanus Haematopota Agkistrocerus Atylotus Hamatabanus Hybomitra Poeciloderas Tabanus Whitneyomyia Not placed: Zophina Insects in the order Diptera... For other uses, see Mosquito (disambiguation). ... A pollinator is the agent that moves pollen from the male anthers of a flower to the female stigma of a flower to accomplish fertilization or syngamy of the female gamete in the ovule of the flower by the male gamete from the pollen grain. ... SEM image of pollen grains from a variety of common plants: sunflower (Helianthus annuus), morning glory (Ipomoea purpurea), prairie hollyhock (Sidalcea malviflora), oriental lily (Lilium auratum), evening primrose (Oenothera fruticosa), and castor bean (Ricinus communis). ... In Greek mythology, nectar and ambrosia are the food of the gods. ...


The basic fly life cycle is egg, larvae (maggots — see below), pupa and adult (winged stage), called holometabolism. There is often a difference in food sources for larvae versus adult dipterans of the same species. For example, mosquito larvae live in standing water and feed on detritus while the adults feed on nectar as their energy source while females utilize blood as their energy source for egg production. Holometabolism, also called complete metamorphism, is a term applied to insect groups to describe the specific kind of insect development which includes four life stages - as an embryo, a larva, a pupa and an imago. ... For other uses, see Mosquito (disambiguation). ...


Flies rely heavily on sight for survival. The compound eyes of flies are composed of thousands of individual lenses and are very sensitive to movement. Some flies have very accurate 3D vision. A few, like Ormia ochracea, have very advanced hearing organs. Compound eye of a dragonfly Compound eye of Antarctic krill as imaged by an electron microscope A compound eye is a visual organ found in certain arthropods such as insects and crustaceans. ... Binomial name Ormia ochracea (Bigot, 1889) Ormia ochracea is a small yellow fly, a parasite of crickets. ...


Maggots

Further information: Maggot
Maggots being used to treat a wound
Maggots being used to treat a wound

Some types of maggots found on corpses can be of great use to forensic scientists. By their stage of development, these maggots can be used to give an indication of the time elapsed since death, as well as the place the organism died. The size of the house fly maggot is 10–20 mm (⅜–¾ in). At the height of the summer season, a generation of flies (egg to adult) may be produced in 12–14 days. Look up maggot in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Maggots. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Maggots. ... Look up maggot in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Agents of the United States Army Criminal Investigation Division investigate a crime scene Forensic science (often shortened to forensics) is the application of a broad spectrum of sciences to answer questions of interest to the legal system. ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter, symbol mm) is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ... An inch (plural: inches; symbol or abbreviation: in or, sometimes, ″ - a double prime) is the name of a unit of length in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ...


Maggots are bred commercially, as a popular bait in angling, and a food for carnivorous pets such as reptiles or birds. Angling is a method of fishing, specifically the practice of catching fish by means of an angle (hook). ... Orders  Crocodilia - Crocodilians scary crocodiles. ... For other meanings of bird, see bird (disambiguation). ...


Various maggots cause damage in agricultural crop production, including root maggots in rapeseed and midge maggots in wheat. Some maggots are leaf miners. The genus Delia is part of the fly family Anthomyiidae. ... Binomial name Brassica napus L. Rapeseed (Brassica napus), also known as Rape, Oilseed Rape, Rapa, Rapaseed and (one particular cultivar) Canola, is a bright yellow flowering member (related to mustard) of the family Brassicaceae. ... Midges on a car Midges are small, two-winged flying insects. ... Species T. aestivum T. boeoticum T. dicoccoides T. dicoccon T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta T. sphaerococcum T. timopheevii References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 Wheat Wheat For the indie rock group, see Wheat (band). ... Leaf miners are insect larvae that live within leaf tissue. ...


Maggots have been used in medicine to clean out necrotic wounds [3], and in food production, particularly of cheeses (casu marzu). A wound cleaned by maggots Maggot therapy (also known as Maggot Debridement Therapy (MDT), larval therapy, larva therapy, or larvae therapy) is a type of biotherapy involving the intentional introduction by a health care practitioner of live, disinfected maggots (fly larvae) into the non-healing skin and soft tissue wound... Necrosis (in Greek Νεκρός = Dead) is the name given to accidental death of cells and living tissue. ... Superficial bullet wounds In medicine, a wound is a type of physical trauma wherein the skin is torn, cut or punctured (an open wound), or where blunt force trauma causes a contusion (a closed wound). ... No image available Country of origin Italy Region, town Sardinia Source of milk Sheep Pasteurized No Texture Soft Aging time  ? Certification none Casu marzu (also called casu modde or formaggio marcio) is a cheese found in Sardinia, Italy, notable for being riddled with live insect larvae. ...



The average life span of a house fly is 10 to 25 days.


Classification

See also: List of families of Diptera
Anopheles gambiae, a thin-bodied nematoceran mosquito, and an important vector of malaria
Anopheles gambiae, a thin-bodied nematoceran mosquito, and an important vector of malaria
Long Tongue Tachinid Fly
Long Tongue Tachinid Fly

There are two generally accepted suborders of Diptera. The Nematocera are usually recognized by their elongated bodies and feathery antennae as represented by mosquitoes and crane flies. The Brachycera tend to have a more roundly proportioned body and very short antennae. A more recent classification has been proposed in which the Nematocera is split into two suborders, the Archidiptera and the Eudiptera, but this has not yet gained widespread acceptance among dipterists. Families of Diptera // Anisopodidae Edwards, 1921 Synonyms: Phryneidae, Rhyphidae, Sylvicolidae, Mycetobiidae, Protolbiogastridae. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Binomial name Anopheles gambiae Giles Anopheles gambiae, refers to a complex of morphologically indistinguishable mosquitoes in the Anopheles genus, which contain the most important vectors of malaria in Sub-Saharan Africa, and the most efficient malaria vectors in the world. ... For other uses, see Mosquito (disambiguation). ... Malaria is a vector-borne infectious disease caused by protozoan parasites. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 534 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1067 pixels, file size: 356 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Long Tongued Tachinid Fly, Subfamily Dexiinae, Senostoma sp, feeding on a flowers nectar. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 534 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1067 pixels, file size: 356 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Long Tongued Tachinid Fly, Subfamily Dexiinae, Senostoma sp, feeding on a flowers nectar. ... Infraorders Axymyiomorpha Culicomorpha Blephariceromorpha Bibionomorpha Psychodomorpha Ptychopteromorpha Tipulomorpha Nematocera are generally primitive flies, typically recognized by filamentous, multi-segmented antennae which may be plumose in some males. ... Infraorder Orthorrhapha Cyclorrhapha Muscomorpha Brachycera is a suborder of Diptera. ... Infraorders Infraorder Nymphomyiomorpha    Nymphomyiidae Infraorder Dictyodipteromorpha extinct  Superfamily Dictyodipteridea    Dictyodipteridae _ (Upper Triassic)  Superfamily Hyperpolyneuridea    Hyperpolyneuridae _ (Upper Triassic)  Superfamily Dyspolyneuridea    Dyspolyneuridae _ (Upper Triassic) Infraorder Diplopolyneuromorpha extinct    Diplopolyneuridae _ (Upper Triassic) Archidiptera is a suborder of Diptera. ... Infraorder Deuterophlebiomorpha Tipulomorpha Culicomorpha Bibionomorpha Blephariceromorpha Axymyiomorpha Ptychopteromorpha Eudiptera is a suborder of Diptera. ...

  1. Suborder Nematocera (77 families, 35 of them extinct) – long antennae, pronotum distinct from mesonotum. In Nematocera, larvae are either eucephalic or hemicephalic and often aquatic.
  2. Suborder Brachycera (141 families, 8 of them extinct) – short antennae, the pupa is inside a puparium formed from the last larval skin. Brachycera are generally robust flies with larvae having reduced mouthparts.
    1. Infraorders Tabanomorpha and Asilomorpha – these comprise the majority of what was the Orthorrhapha under older classification schemes. The antennae are short, but differ in structure from those of the Muscomorpha.
    2. Infraorder Muscomorpha – (largely the Cyclorrhapha of older schemes). Muscomorpha have 3-segmented, aristate (with a bristle) antennae and larvae with three instars that are acephalic (maggots).

Most of the Muscomorpha are further subdivided into the Acalyptratae and Calyptratae based on whether or not they have a calypter (a wing flap that extends over the halteres). Infraorders Axymyiomorpha Culicomorpha Blephariceromorpha Bibionomorpha Psychodomorpha Ptychopteromorpha Tipulomorpha Nematocera are generally primitive flies, typically recognized by filamentous, multi-segmented antennae which may be plumose in some males. ... The pronotum is the dorsal plate of the prothorax in insects ... The mesothorax is the middle of the three segments in the thorax of an insect, and bears the second pair of legs. ... Infraorder Orthorrhapha Cyclorrhapha Muscomorpha Brachycera is a suborder of Diptera. ... Cockchafer (Melolontha melolontha) pupa Chrysalis redirects here: for other meanings see Chrysalis (disambiguation). ... A larval insect A larva (Latin; plural larvae) is a juvenile form of animal with indirect development, undergoing metamorphosis (for example, insects or amphibians). ... Families Alinkidae- extinct (Triassic) Athericidae- ibis flies Austroleptidae Eostratiomyiidae- extinct (Middle Jurassic) Oreoleptidae Pelecorhynchidae Rhagionidae- snipe flies Spaniidae Tabanidae- horse and deer flies The Brachyceran infraorder Tabanomorpha is a small group that consists primarily of two large families, the Tabanidae (horse and deer flies) and Rhagionidae (snipe flies), and an... Superfamilies Asiloidea Empidoidea Nemestrinoidea The Brachyceran infraorder Asilomorpha is a large and diverse group of flies, containing the bulk of the non-muscoid Brachycera. ... Superfamilies See text. ... Sections Aschiza Schizophora see text for superfamilies The Brachyceran infraorder Muscomorpha is a large and diverse group of flies, containing the bulk of the Brachycera, and, in fact, most of the known Diptera. ... Sections Aschiza Schizophora see text for superfamilies The Brachyceran infraorder Muscomorpha is a large and diverse group of flies, containing the bulk of the Brachycera, and, in fact, most of the known Diptera. ... Cyclorrhapha is an unranked taxon within the infraorder Muscomorpha. ... Insects display a wide variety of antennal shapes. ... An instar is a developmental stage of arthropods, such as insects, between each molt. ... Superfamilies Carnoidea Conopoidea Diopsoidea Ephydroidea Lauxanioidea Nerioidea Opomyzoidea Sciomyzoidea Sphaeroceroidea Tephritoidea Acalyptratae is a subsection of Schizophora, commonly referred to as the acalyptrate muscoids (or simply acalpytrates). ... Superfamilies  Muscoidea  Oestroidea  Hippoboscoidea Calyptratae is a subsection (phenetics) of Schizophora. ...


Beyond that, considerable revision in the taxonomy of the flies has taken place since the introduction of modern cladistic techniques, and much remains uncertain. The secondary ranks between the suborders and the families are more out of practical or historical considerations than out of any strict respect for phylogenetic classifications. (Modern cladists tend to spurn the use of Linnaean rank names.) Nearly all classifications in use now, including this article, contain some paraphyletic groupings; this is emphasized where the numerous alternative systems are most greatly at odds. See list of families of Diptera. Paraphyletic - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Families of Diptera // Anisopodidae Edwards, 1921 Synonyms: Phryneidae, Rhyphidae, Sylvicolidae, Mycetobiidae, Protolbiogastridae. ...


Dipterans belong to the group Mecopterida, that also contains Mecoptera, Siphonaptera, Lepidoptera and Trichoptera. Inside it, they are sometimes classified closely together with Mecoptera and Siphonaptera in the superorder Antliophora [4]. Families Nannochoristidae Boreidae (snow fleas) Siphonaptera (fleas) Meropeidae (earwig flies) Eomeropidae Apteropanorpidae Choristidae Panorpodidae Bittacidae (hanging flies) Panorpidae (scorpion flies) Mecoptera are an order of insects with about 600 species worldwide. ... For the musician, a member of the Red Hot Chili Peppers, see Michael Balzary. ... The order Lepidoptera is the second most speciose order in the class Insecta and includes the butterflies, moths and skippers. ... Suborders [1] Annulipalpia Spicipalpia Integripalpia Caddisflies (Order Trichoptera, from trich, hair, and ptera, wings) are small moth-like insects having two pairs of hairy membranous wings. ... Families Nannochoristidae Boreidae (snow fleas) Siphonaptera (fleas) Meropeidae (earwig flies) Eomeropidae Apteropanorpidae Choristidae Panorpodidae Bittacidae (hanging flies) Panorpidae (scorpion flies) Mecoptera are an order of insects with about 600 species worldwide. ... For the musician, a member of the Red Hot Chili Peppers, see Michael Balzary. ...


Evolution

Diptera are among the most evolved insects, and are usually thought to derive from Mecoptera or a strictly related group. First true dipterans are known from the Middle Triassic, becoming widespread during the Middle and Late Triassic [5]. Families Nannochoristidae Boreidae (snow fleas) Siphonaptera (fleas) Meropeidae (earwig flies) Eomeropidae Apteropanorpidae Choristidae Panorpodidae Bittacidae (hanging flies) Panorpidae (scorpion flies) Mecoptera are an order of insects with about 600 species worldwide. ... The Triassic is a geologic period that extends from about 251 ± 0. ...


Cultural references

Beelzebub as depicted in Collin de Plancy's Dictionnaire Infernal; note the four wings and mandibles, which would technically make this a bee or wasp
Beelzebub as depicted in Collin de Plancy's Dictionnaire Infernal; note the four wings and mandibles, which would technically make this a bee or wasp
  • The name Beelzebub is commonly translated as Lord of the Flies, although the meaning may originally have been quite different.
  • In the Bible, one of the plagues of Egypt may have been a plague of flies.
  • In traditional Navajo religion, Big Fly is an important spirit being.
  • In Greek mythology, Myiagros was a god who chased away flies during the sacrifices to Zeus and Athena. Also, Zeus sent a fly to sting the horse Pegasus causing Bellerophon to fall back to Earth when he attempted to ride to Mount Olympus
  • Extremely life-like flies were sometimes depicted in the trompe l'oeil paintings of the 15th century. An example is the painting Portrait of a Carthusian by Petrus Christus, showing a fly sitting on a fake frame [6].
  • "Fly on the wall" is a phrase used to refer to an unnoticed observer.
  • "No flies on you" is a phrase, common in the United Kingdom, to indicate that a person is not slow. Often used sarcastically.
  • The 1958 science fiction film The Fly, remade in 1986, revolves around the accidental merger of a human and a fly.
  • In 2001, Garnet Hertz produced an art project in which a complete web server was implanted into a dead fly. [1]
  • Several recording artists have made reference to flies in their work, such as Yoko Ono's album Fly, and U2's single "The Fly".
  • Emily Dickinson's poem "I Heard a Fly Buzz When I Died" also makes a reference to flies.

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (701x800, 114 KB) Summary Description: Beelzebub Source: Dictionnaire Infernal, scan downloaded from http://fantastic. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (701x800, 114 KB) Summary Description: Beelzebub Source: Dictionnaire Infernal, scan downloaded from http://fantastic. ... “Belzebub” redirects here. ... Collin de Plancy (1793-1887) was a French occultist, demonologist and writer; he published several works on occultism and demonology. ... The Dictionnaire Infernal is a book on demonology that includes the name and description of the lots of demons the demonology organised in hellish hierarchies. ... For other uses, see Western honey bee and Bee (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Wasp (disambiguation). ... “Belzebub” redirects here. ... This Gutenberg Bible is displayed by the United States Library. ... The Plagues of Egypt (Hebrew: ), the Biblical Plagues or the Ten Plagues (Hebrew: ) are the ten calamities inflicted upon Egypt by God in the Bible (as recounted in the book of Exodus, chapters 7 - 12), in order to convince Pharaoh[1] to let the Israelite slaves leave. ... The Navajo (also Navaho) people of the southwestern United States call themselves the Diné (pronounced ), which roughly means the people. They speak the Navajo language, and many are members of the Navajo Nation, an independent government structure which manages the Navajo reservation in the Four Cs area of the United... The bust of Zeus found at Otricoli (Sala Rotonda, Museo Pio-Clementino, Vatican) Greek mythology is the body of stories belonging to the Ancient Greeks concerning their gods and heroes, the nature of the world and the origins and significance of their own cult and ritual practices. ... Myiagros, in Greek mythology was a god who chased away flies during the sacrifices to Zeus and Athena. ... For other uses, see Zeus (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Athena (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Zeus (disambiguation). ... Pegasus and Bellerophon, Attic red-figure Pegasus and Bellerophon, from Mabie, Hamilton Wright (Ed. ... For other uses, see Bellerophon (disambiguation). ... Mount Olympus (Greek: ; also transliterated as Mount Ólympos, and on modern maps, Óros Ólimbos) is the highest mountain in Greece at 2,919 meters high (9,576 feet)[1]. Since its base is located at sea level, it is one of the highest mountains in Europe, in real absolute altitude... [[: Le Image:Mural de Narbonne. ... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ... Petrus Christus, born 1410/1420 in Antwerpen, dead 1472 in Bruges, flemish painter, active in Bruges from 1444. ... Fly on the wall is a style of documentary-making used in film and television. ... Charles Herbert and Vincent Price during their infamous spider web scene in 1958s The Fly. ... The Fly is a 1986 science fiction/horror/romantic tragedy film produced by Brooksfilms and 20th Century Fox, directed by David Cronenberg, and starring Jeff Goldblum, Geena Davis and John Getz. ... The inside/front of a Dell PowerEdge web server The term Web server can mean one of two things: A computer program that is responsible for accepting HTTP requests from clients, which are known as Web browsers, and serving them HTTP responses along with optional data contents, which usually are... Yoko Ono Lennon (小野 洋子 Ono Yōko), born February 18, 1933) is a Japanese-American artist and musician. ... Fly is the second and double album by Yoko Ono, released in 1971. ... This article is about the Irish rock band. ... The Fly was the first single released from U2s 1991 Achtung Baby album. ... Emily Dickinson (December 10, 1830 – May 15, 1886) was an American poet. ...

References

  1. ^ B. M. Wiegmann & D. K. Yeates (1996). Tree of Life: Diptera.
  2. ^ F. Geller-Grimm. Information on robber flies.
  3. ^ Ronald A. Sherman, MD, MSC, University of California (1998)©. Maggot use of necrotic wounds.
  4. ^ Taxon: Superorder Antliophora. The Taxonomicon. Retrieved on 2007-08-21.
  5. ^ V. A. Blagoderov, E. D. Lukashevich & M. B. Mostovski (2002). "Order Diptera Linné, 1758. The true flies", in A. P. Rasnitsyn & D. L. J. Quicke: History of Insects. Kluwer Academic Publishers. ISBN 1-4020-0026-X. 
  6. ^ Portrait of a Carthusian, 1446. Timeline of Art History. The Metropolitan Museum of Art (October 2006).

Biology

  • Harold Oldroyd The Natural History of Flies. New York: W. W. Norton.1965.
  • Eugène Séguy Diptera: recueil d'etudes biologiques et systematiques sur les Dipteres du Globe (Collection of biological and systematic studies on Diptera of the World). 11 vols. Text figs. Part of Encyclopedie Entomologique, Serie B II: Diptera. 1924-1953.
  • Eugène Seguy. La Biologie des Dipteres 1950. pp. 609. 7 col + 3 b/w plates, 225 text figs.

Classification

  • Colless, D.H. & McAlpine, D.K.1991 Diptera (flies) , pp. 717-786. In: The Division of Entomology. Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Canberra (spons.), The insects of Australia.Melbourne Univ. Press, Melbourne.
  • Griffiths, G.C.D. The phylogenetic classification of Diptera Cyclorrhapha, withspecial reference to the structure of the male postabdomen. Ser. Ent. 8, 340 pp. [Dr. W. Junk, N. V., The Hague] (1972).
  • Willi Hennig Die Larvenformen der Dipteren. 3. Teil. Akad.-Verlag, Berlin. 185 pp., 3 pls. 1948
  • Willi Hennig (1954) Flugelgeader und System der Dipteren unter Berucksichtigung der aus dem Mesozoikum beschriebenen Fossilien. Beitr. Ent. 4: 245-388 (1954).
  • F. Christian Thompson. Sources for the Biosystematic Database of World Diptera (Flies). United States Department of Agriculture, Systematic Entomology Laboratory.
  • Willi Hennig: Diptera (Zweifluger). Handb. Zool. Berl. 4 (2 ) (31):1-337. General introduction with key to World Families. In German.

Evolution

  • Blagoderov, V.A., Lukashevich, E.D. & Mostovski, M.B. 2002. Order Diptera. In: Rasnitsyn, A.P. and Quicke, D.L.J. The History of Insects, Kluwer Publ., Dordrecht, Boston, London, pp. 227-240.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 233rd day of the year (234th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... A Dutch STM publishing company now known as Springer. ... There is also the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), located in Manhattan. ... Harold Oldroyd was a British entomologist, born in 1914. ... Eugène Séguy (1890-1er juin 1985) was a French entomologist who specialised in Diptera. ... Willi Hennig (April 20, 1913 - November 5, 1976) was a German biologist and is known as the founder of phylogenetic systematics (cladistics). ... “USDA” redirects here. ... Alexandr (Alex) Rasnitsyn One of world leading experts in palaeoentomology. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

  Results from FactBites:
 
Fly - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (898 words)
The fly life cycle is composed of four stages: egg, larva (commonly known as a maggot), pupa, adult.
In demonology, Beelzebub is referred to as the "Lord of the Flies".
In art, extremely life-like flies have sometimes been depicted in the trompe l'oeil paintings of the 15th century.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m