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Encyclopedia > Flxible
A 1987 Metro-B, owned by WMATA, serves as a roadblock in Washington, D.C. on Inauguration Day, January 20, 2005.
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A 1987 Metro-B, owned by WMATA, serves as a roadblock in Washington, D.C. on Inauguration Day, January 20, 2005.

The Flxible Company, (1913-1996), was a motorcycle sidecar, funeral car, ambulance, intercity coach and transit bus manufacturing company based in the United States which went out of business in 1996. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 690 KB)A Flxible 1987 Metro-B, owned by WMATA, serves as a roadblock on Inauguration Day, January 20, 2005. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 690 KB)A Flxible 1987 Metro-B, owned by WMATA, serves as a roadblock on Inauguration Day, January 20, 2005. ... The Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA) is a non-federal tri-jurisdictional agency authorized by Congress, and funded by the District of Columbia, Virginia, and Maryland that operates transit service in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area. ... Flag Seal Nickname: DC, The District Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location Location of Washington, D.C., with regard to the surrounding states of Maryland and Virginia. ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ...

Contents


Name

The Flxible Company started manufacturing sidecars for motorcycles with a flexible mounting to the motorcycle. The 'e' was dropped for use as a trademark. The name is pronounced "flexible". A trademark or trade mark[1] is a distinctive sign of some kind which is used by a business to uniquely identify itself and its products and services to consumers, and to distinguish the business and its products or services from those of other businesses. ...


History

Hugo H. Young's and Carl F. Dudte's Flxible Side Car Co. was founded in 1913 to manufacture motorcycle sidecars. After low-priced cars became available the motorcycle sidecar demand dropped and Flxible turned to production of hearses and ambulances. The Flxible Co., Loudonville, Ohio was founded in 1924 to produce buses from Studebaker and Buick car chassis. The Flxible Co. was purchased by the Rohr Industries in 1970. The factory was moved to Delaware, Ohio in 1974. Flxible was sold to Grumman Corporation in 1978 and became known as Grumman Flxible. The name reverted to Flxible when Grumman sold the company in 1983 to General Automotive Corporation. Then in 1996 they went bankrupt. The last official Flxible Metros were eight 35-footers, that went to Monterey Salinas Transit, in Monterey, California. They are powered by Compressed Natural Gas. The molds and plans for the Metro are said to be owned by Motor Coach Industries. The front ends of the Orion 05.501 and the Gillig Phantom bear a somewhat close resemblance to the Metro. It is also believed that a low-floor version of the Metro was under development when Flxible closed its doors. A Buddhist-style japanese hearse An antique limousine style hearse from Volvo Funeral carriage, Museum of Funeral Customs A hearse is a funeral vehicle, a conveyance for the coffin from e. ... An ambulance is a vehicle designated for the transport of sick or injured people. ... Loudonville is a village in Ashland and Holmes counties in Ohio. ... 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Studebakers Lazy S logo, designed by Raymond Loewy, was used from the 1950s until 1966 The worlds largest living sign was planted at the Studebaker Proving Grounds, west of South Bend, Indiana. ... Buick is a brand of automobile built in the United States, Canada, and China by General Motors Corporation. ... Rohr, Inc. ... The City of Delaware is located near the center of the state of Ohio, about 20 miles north of Columbus, Ohio. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... The Grumman logo The Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation, later Grumman Aerospace Corporation, was a leading producer of military and civilian aircraft of the 20th century. ... Motor Coach Industries (MCI) is a Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada-based bus manufacturer. ... A 2000 Orion VI owned by WMATA is parked outside the Ballston-MU Metro station in Arlington, Virginia. ... A Gillig Advantage is in service for Harrisonburg Transit on February 18, 2005 in Harrisonburg, Virginia. ...


The 870 frame fiasco

In the mid 1980s, several MTA New York City Transit 870 buses developed cracks in the underframes. This prompted then-president David Gunn to pull the entire fleet of buses off the street. Soon several other companies reported cracked 870 frames. However, it seemed that the frame issues only affected NYCT 870s and not the 870s owned by NYCDOT-franchised carriers. NYCT attempted to get the remainder of the order transferred to General Motors, but was barred from doing so unless they could prove that the 870s were flawed and unsafe. The buses were eventually returned to Flxible and resold to Queen City Metro and New Jersey Transit. Grumman blamed the problems with the NYCT 870s on NYCT's maintenance practices despite Chicago's RTA (now PACE), Houston, and Los Angeles also reporting problems with their 870s. Ironically, NYCT would order fifty Metros in 1995. However, Flxible would close their doors while the order was being produced. NYCT would order new buses from Orion. The New York City Transit Authority (also known as NYCTA, NYCT or simply the TA for Transit Authority) is a New York State Authority that operates buses and subway trains in New York City. ... ː:For other persons also named David Gunn, see article David Gunn. ... General Motors Corporation (NYSE: GM), also known as GM, is an American automobile maker with worldwide operations and brands including Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet, GMC, Holden, Hummer, Opel, Pontiac, Saturn, Saab and Vauxhall. ... New Jersey Transit Arrow III at West Windsor, NJ New Jersey Transit RTS-06 in Newark, NJ The end of the Port Jervis Line The New Jersey Transit Corporation (NJ Transit) is a private statewide public transportation system serving the U.S. state of New Jersey. ... A 2000 Orion VI owned by WMATA is parked outside the Ballston-MU Metro station in Arlington, Virginia. ...


Customers

Flxible sold a lot of buses to many major urban transit agencies including the Maryland Transit Administration in Baltimore, Maryland during the 1970s and 1980s. They also sold a small number of liquified natural gas (LNG) powered buses to the Maryland Transit Administration in 1994, but they had many problems, and in 1998, they were sold to Montgomery County, Maryland and converted to diesel. The Maryland Transit Administration, sometimes called MTA Maryland to avoid confusion with other cities agencies called MTA, is a state operated transit service serving all of Baltimore, Maryland and the surrounding counties. ... Flag Seal Nickname: Monument City, Charm City, Mob Town, B-more Motto: Get In On It (formerly The City That Reads and The Greatest City in America; BELIEVE is not the official motto but rather a specific campaign) Location Location of Baltimore in Maryland Coordinates , Government Country State County United... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, inclusive. ... The 1980s decade refers to the years from 1980 to 1989, inclusive, informally sometimes including the years 1979, 1990 and 1991. ... Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) is natural gas which has been artificially condensed into a liquid form by a combination of pressurisation and cryogenic cooling. ... The Maryland Transit Administration, sometimes called MTA Maryland to avoid confusion with other cities agencies called MTA, is a state operated transit service serving all of Baltimore, Maryland and the surrounding counties. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal. // Events January Bill Clinton January 1 : North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) goes into effect. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... Montgomery County is a suburban county located in the U.S. state of Maryland north of Washington, D.C. The county, sometimes referred to informally as MoCo, is the most populous jurisdiction in Maryland and one of the most affluent in the nation. ...


When Flxible closed, it was said that there were still buses on the assembly line ready to be shipped to the Maryland Transit Administration and other transit agencies. The Maryland Transit Administration, sometimes called MTA Maryland to avoid confusion with other cities agencies called MTA, is a state operated transit service serving all of Baltimore, Maryland and the surrounding counties. ...


Some big customers were:

The former Flxible factory in Loudonville, Ohio is now a bus maintenance facility of Motor Coach Industries (MCI) while the former Flxible parts facility in nearby Delaware, Ohio now is home to similar duties for North American Bus Industries (NABI) which was one of the companies which grew at the expense of Flxible's demise. The Central Ohio Transit Authority (COTA) is the transit agency serving Columbus, Ohio and surrounding areas, including Franklin County, and small portions of adjacent Delaware, Fairfield and Licking Counties. ... Quincy el Station serving the Brown Line, Purple Line and Orange Line The Chicago Transit Authority (CTA), founded on October 1, 1947, provides bus and rail mass transit services to the citizens of Chicago and several of the citys inner suburbs. ... Fort Worth Transportation Authority is the operatror of the bus system of the city of Fort Worth, Texas, popularily known as The T. The T also partners with DART of Dallas through the Trinity Railway Express, which offers commuter rail service from downtown Fort Worth to DFW Airport and downtown... // Overview and History Gray Coach Lines was suburban bus operator founded in 1927 by the Toronto Transit Commission. ... The Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority (officially the GCRTA, but usually referred to as the RTA) is the metropolitan transportation agency in Cleveland, Ohio and its surrounding suburbs. ... The Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority (also known as Metro, MTA or LACMTA) is the regional transportation planning and public transportation operating agency for the county of Los Angeles. ... The Maryland Transit Administration, sometimes called MTA Maryland to avoid confusion with other cities agencies called MTA, is a state operated transit service serving all of Baltimore, Maryland and the surrounding counties. ... The Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority, commonly called MARTA, is the operator of Atlanta, Georgias public transit system, consisting of a network of bus routes linked to a heavy rail rapid transit system. ... A group of METRO buses parked at the Texas Medical Center Transit Center The Metropolitan Transit Authority of Harris County, Texas (METRO) operates bus, lift bus, and light rail service in Harris County, Texas, which includes Houston. ... Miami-Dade County logo, which has served (with the addition of the word TRANSIT immediately below) as the logo of Miami-Dade Transit since 2005. ... The New Jersey Department of Transportation (NJDOT) maintains the State Highway system in New Jersey. ... New Jersey Transit Arrow III at West Windsor, NJ New Jersey Transit RTS-06 in Newark, NJ The end of the Port Jervis Line The New Jersey Transit Corporation (NJ Transit) is a private statewide public transportation system serving the U.S. state of New Jersey. ... The North County Transit District (NCTD) is the agency responsible for public transportation in North San Diego County, California. ... A typical PAT transit bus sign. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Spokane Transit Authority, more commonly Spokane Transit or STA, provides mass transit services in the Spokane County Public Transportation Benefit Area. ... A TriMet bus parked near MAX tracks. ... Vaughan Transit began in 1973 to provide service in the town of Vaughan, in southwest York Region, Ontario, Canada. ... York Region Transit (YRT) is the public transit operator in York Region, Ontario, Canada. ... The Jackson Graham Building, where Metro headquarters is located. ... Motor Coach Industries (MCI) is a Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada-based bus manufacturer. ... North American Bus Industries, commonly known as NABI, is a major transit bus manufacturing company based in Anniston, Alabama and was linked to Ikarus Bus and Crown Coach joint venture. ...


Products

  • Airway intercity coach (1936)
  • Clipper intercity coach (1940)
  • Visicoach intercity coach (1950)
  • VL-100 intercity coach (1955)
  • Starliner intercity coach (1957)
  • Hi-Level intercity coach (1960)
  • "New Look" transit coach (1961) 111CC-D5-1- copy of GMC New Look and later copied by Flyer Industries of Winnipeg MB (as D700-800 series)
  • Flxliner intercity coach (1963)
  • 870 advanced design transit bus (1978)
  • Metro transit coach (1981)
  • ADB
  • L10 Diesel Pusher
  • Twin Level Models 228JT-1 and 228F-1 coach

1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1940 calendar). ... 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ... In 1970s Winnipeg based bus maker Western Flyer Industries changed its name to Flyer Industries. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1978 calendar). ... 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Flxible Owners International

Flxible Owners International was founded in the mid-1980s as an offshoot of the Family Motor Coach Association. This organization is dedicated to the preservation of buses and coaches produced by Flxible. The 1980s decade refers to the years from 1980 to 1989, inclusive, informally sometimes including the years 1979, 1990 and 1991. ...


The organization holds a rally in Loudonville every even year, normally in mid-July, where many preserved Flxible coaches and buses may be seen.


The majority of vehicles owned by members are of the Clipper series (Clipper, Visicoach, Starliner) that were produced from the 1930s until 1967. However, there are also quite a few "non-clipper" Flxible coaches that are owned, maintained, and operated by proud Flxible owners. This includes the Visicoach, VL100 (VistaLiner), Hi Level, and Flxliner as well as some of the more modern transit buses.Most of these vehicles have been converted to motorhomes, however there are still a few examples of seated coaches belonging to members. This article or section is missing references or citation of sources. ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ...


References

  • Georgano, G. N., Editor {1978). The Complete Encyclopedia of Commercial Vehicles. Krause Publications. ISBN 0-87341-024-6.

External links

  • Flxible New Look
  • Images of Flxible buses in busexplorer.com
  • Flxible Owners International, an organization dedicated to the preservation of Flxible buses and coaches

  Results from FactBites:
 
history1 (576 words)
It was then the name Flxible without the first E was copyrighted and that spelling has been exclusive to Flxible ever since.
The Flxible Co. was forced to find seek new fields, thus the entry into the bus, funeral car and ambulance markets.
The first Flxible bus, a Studebaker 12 passenger sedan, was delivered to E.L. Harter in 1924, who operated a line from Ashland to Mt. Vernon, Ohio.
Ventura County SCAT (South Coast Area Transit) Flxible Buses @ streetcarmike.com (493 words)
Flxible 3510 on route 6 at Main and Chestnut in Ventura (seemingly signed for "Mantura Ave."), then at Fourth and C Sts.
Flxible 3517 advertising radio station 1450 AM (The Boomer) is passing the mission eastbound on September 19, 2004.
Flxible 4006 on route 16 to Ojai is on Mills Road on November 3, 2006.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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