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Encyclopedia > Fluyt
Dutch fluyts of 17th Century
Dutch fluyts of 17th Century

A fluyt or a flute (IPA: [flœt:]) is a type of sailing vessel originally designed as a dedicated cargo vessel. Originating from the Netherlands in the 16th Century, the vessel was designed to facilitate transoceanic delivery with the maximum of space and crew efficiency. To that end, the standard design minimized or completely eliminated its armaments to maximize available cargo space, and used block and tackle extensively to facilitate ship operations. This ship class was credited in enhancing Dutch competitiveness in international trade, and was widely employed by the Dutch East India Company in the 17th and 18th centuries. Image File history File links Fleuten_1647. ... Image File history File links Fleuten_1647. ... For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words see here. ... Sailing vessel can refer to: sailing ship sailboat ice boat This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Ship Transport is the process of moving people, goods, etc. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... This block and tackle on a davit of the Mercator is used to help lower a boat. ... Dutch colonial possessions, with the Dutch East India Company possessions marked in a paler green, surrounding the Indian Ocean plus Saint Helena in the mid-Atlantic. ...


The design of fluyts was largely similar to that of the early galleons. This pear-shaped vessel had a large cargo bay near the waterline and relatively narrow deck above. This was a way to avoid high taxes collected by Denmark in the Oresund, which was assessed based on area of the main deck. Masts were much higher than those of galleons to allow for greater speed. At times fluyts were also armed and served as auxiliary vessels, which was a common practice in the Baltic Sea. A Spanish galleon A galleon was a large, multi-decked sailing ship used primarily by the nations of Europe from the 16th to 18th centuries. ... Denmark (red) / south Sweden (yellow), connected with the Oresund Bridge. ... The Baltic Sea is located in Northern Europe, from 53°N to 66°N latitude and from 20°E to 26°E longitude. ...

A model of a late 17th-century Fluyt, the Derfflinger
Model and photograph: M. Czytko ([1])

front view Image File history File links Fluyt_model_front. ...

side view Image File history File links Fluyt_model_side. ...

Types of sailing vessels and rigs
Barque | Barquentine | Bermuda rig | Bilander | Brig | Brigantine | Caravel | Carrack | Catamaran | Catboat | Clipper | Dutch Clipper | Cog | Corvette | Cutter | Dhow | Fifie | Fluyt | Fore & Aft Rig | Frigate | Full Rigged Ship | Gaff Rig | Galleon | Gunter Rig | Hermaphrodite Brig | Junk | Ketch | Longship | Mersey Flat | Multihull | Nao | Norfolk Wherry | Pink | Pocket Cruiser | Polacca | Pram | Proa | Sailing hydrofoil | Schooner | Ship of the Line | Sloop | Smack | Snow | Square Rig | Tall Ship | Thames Sailing Barge | Trimaran | Wherry | Windjammer | Windsurfer | Xebec | Yacht | Yawl

  Results from FactBites:
 
BHC0811 : A Dutch Flagship and a Fluyt Running into a Mediterranean ... (286 words)
On the left of the picture, a Dutch flagship in broadside view, flying the Dutch flag, is preparing to enter a Mediterranean harbour.
Fluyts were widely used by the Dutch during the 17th century as trading ships.
Their great advantage was that since they only required a small crew to handle them they were economical to operate.
Fluyt Information (194 words)
A fluyt or a flute (pronounced as "flight") is a type of sailing vessel originally designed as a dedicated cargo vessel.
The design of fluyts was largely similar to that of the early galleons.
At times fluyts were also armed and served as auxiliary vessels, which was a common practice in the Baltic Sea.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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