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Download high resolution version (700x633, 138 KB)Wildflowers around Berkeley, California. Photo taken by User:Minesweeper on March 9, 2004 and released under terms of the GNU FDL. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. Click on...
Download high resolution version (700x633, 138 KB)Wildflowers around Berkeley, California. Photo taken by User:Minesweeper on March 9, 2004 and released under terms of the GNU FDL. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. Click on... Enlarge
Wildflowers

A flower is the reproductive organ of those Most familiar are the multicellular land plants, called embryophytes. They include the vascular plants, plants with full systems of leaves, stems, and roots. They also include a few of their close relatives, often called and . This fern-like tree combined a woody trunk with the fronds of a fern, but... plants classified as angiosperms ( Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants (also angiosperms or Magnoliophyta) are one of the major groups of modern plants, comprising those that produce seeds in specialized reproductive organs called flowers, where the ovulary or carpel is enclosed. The other seed plants are called gymnosperms; here the ovule is... flowering plants; Division Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants (also angiosperms or Magnoliophyta) are one of the major groups of modern plants, comprising those that produce seeds in specialized reproductive organs called flowers, where the ovulary or carpel is enclosed. The other seed plants are called gymnosperms; here the ovule is... Magnoliophyta). The function of a flower is to produce A seed is the ripened ovule of gymnosperm or angiosperm plants. The importance of the seed relative to more primitive forms of reproduction and dispersal is attested to by the success of these two groups of plants in dominating the landscape. Seed structure A seed contains the embryo from which... seeds through Reproduction is the creation of one thing as a copy of, product of, or replacement for a similar thing, e.g. photocopying and the making of replicas. It is perhaps most commonly used in the context of biological reproduction and sex: Sexual reproduction is a biological process by which organisms... sexual reproduction. For the higher plants, seeds are the next generation, and serve as the primary means by which individuals of a species are dispersed across the landscape. After fertilization, a flower develops into a In botany, a fruit is the ripened ovary, together with its seeds, of a flowering plant. In cuisine, when discussing fruit as food, the term usually refers to just those plant fruits that are sweet and fleshy, examples of which would be plum, apple, and orange. However, a great many... fruit containing the seed(s).

Contents

Flower anatomy

In Botany is the scientific study of plant life. As a branch of biology, it is also sometimes referred to as plant science(s) or plant biology. Botany covers a wide range of scientific disciplines that study the growth, reproduction, metabolism, development, diseases, and evolution of plants. Nearly all the food... botany, a flower is regarded as a modified In common parlance, a stem is any elongated, usually narrow, extension or supporting structure of an object. Examples are the Categories: Disambiguation ... stem (Eames, 1961) with shortened internodes and bearing, at its nodes, structures that may be highly modified Fallen leaf of a maple. Note areas where chlorophyll (green) has been destroyed now appear yellow. In botany, a leaf is an above-ground plant organ specialized for photosynthesis. For this purpose, a leaf is typically flat and thin, to expose the chloroplast containing cells ( (leaf stem), a . Not all... leaves. In essence, a flower structure forms on a modified shoot or axis with an apical Meristem is a type of embryonic tissue in plants consisting of unspecialized, youthful cells called meristematic cells and found in areas of the plant where growth is or will take place, this is in roots and shoots. Differentiated plant cells have shapes and structures that would make it problematic for... meristem that does not grow continuously (growth is determinate). The stem is called a pedicel, the end of which is the torus or receptacle. The parts of a flower are arranged in whorls on the torus. The four main parts or whorls (starting from the base of the flower or lowest node and working upwards) are as follows:

Download high resolution version (578x641, 39 KB) Location South of France. View Close up of a nice red poppy I found. Authorship Photograph taken by User:Chammy Koala/User:Chameleon for Wikipedia. Other photographs Similar images can be uploaded on request. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file...
Download high resolution version (578x641, 39 KB) Location South of France. View Close up of a nice red poppy I found. Authorship Photograph taken by User:Chammy Koala/User:Chameleon for Wikipedia. Other photographs Similar images can be uploaded on request. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file... Enlarge
Poppy
  • calyx – the outer whorl of Flower of the Primrose Willowherb (, which comprises the sterile parts of a flower, consisting of inner and outer are green and lie under the more conspicuous petals. When the flower is in bud, they enclose and protect the more delicate parts within. The number of sepals in a flower is... sepals; typically these are green, but are petal-like in some species.
  • corolla – the whorl of A petal is one member or part of the corolla of a flower. It is the inner part of the perianth that comprises the sterile parts of a flower and consists of inner and outer tepals. These tepals are usually differentiated into petals and sepals. The term tepal is usually... petals, which are usually thin, soft, and colored to attract insects that help the process of pollination.
  • androecium (from Greek andros oikia: man's house) – one or two whorls of Flower of the spider tree (Crateva religiosa) with its numerous conspicuous stamens The stamen is the male organ of a flower. Typical flowers have six stamens inside a : mans house). They are positioned just below the gynoecium. Each stamen consists of a thin stalk called a . The anthers are... stamens, each a filament topped by an anther where SEM image of pollen grains from a variety of common plants: sunflower (),hollyhock (), primrose(), and castor bean ( (pollen grains), which carry the male gametes of seed plants. Each pollen grain contains one or two generative cells (the male gametes) and a vegetative cell. The group of three cells is surrounded... pollen is produced. Pollen contains the male Gametes (in Greek: —a cell having two complete sets of chromosomes and therefore diploid. The zygote cell receives one set of chromosomes from each of the two gametes involved in the union. After fusion of the two gamete nuclei, and after multiple cell divisions and cellular differentiation, a zygote... gametes.
  • gynoecium (from Greek gynaikos oikia: woman's house) – consisting of a pistil, with one or more A carpel is the female reproductive organ of a flower; the basic unit of the , a receptive (usually sticky) area to which pollen grains (male gametes) adhere once delivered there by a pollinating agent; the or and is then termed also pertains to any flower with a single carpel. Fertilization... carpels, which are the female reproductive organs and contain an ovary with ovules (female gametes). The sticky tip of tip of the pistil, the stigma, is the receptor of pollen. The supportive stalk, the style becomes the pathway for pollen tubes to grow from pollen grains adhering to the stigma, to the ovules, carrying the reproductive material.
Enlarge
Tulip - androecium and gynoecium

Although the floral structure described above is considered the "typical" structural plan, plant species show a wide variety of modifications from this plan. These modifications have significance in the evolution of flowering plants and are used extensively by botanists to establish relationships among plant species. For example, the two subclasses of flowering plants may be distinguished by the number of floral organs in each whorl: Orders see text Dicotyledons or dicots are flowering plants whose seed contains two embryonic leaves or that are not dicotyledonous are monocotyledonous: having one embryonic leaf. See How to distinguish a monocot from a dicot for other characteristics that separate these two large groups of flowering plants. It is believed... dicotyledons typically having 4 or 5 organs (or a multiple of 4 or 5) in each whorl and Orders Base Monocots: Acorus Alismatales Asparagales Dioscoreales Liliales Pandanales Family Petrosaviaceae Commelinids: Arecales Commelinales Poales Zingiberales Family Dasypogonaceae Monocotyledons or monocots are a group of flowering plants usually ranked as a class and once called the Monocotyledoneae. This taxonomic grouping is now named Liliopsida after the type genus, . CSIRO, Melbourne... monocotyledons having three or some multiple of three. The number of carpels in a compound pistil may be only two, or otherwise not related to the above generalization for monocots and dicots.


In the majority of species, individual flowers have both pistils and stamens as described above. These flowers are described by botanists as being The term perfect has different meanings: For the mathematical concept, see perfect number. For the philosophical concept, see perfection. The grammatical idea is described in perfect tense. In botany and mycology, an organism is considered perfect if it is capable of sexual reproduction; otherwise it is imperfect. The terms have... perfect, In human sexuality, bisexuality describes people who are sexually and/or romantically attracted to both males and females. In botany, a bisexual flower is one that possesses both male (pollen-producing) and female (seed-producing) parts. Botanists call these flowers perfect or hermaphroditic. Species that possess separately sexed (unisexual) flowers... bisexual, or In zoology, a hermaphrodite is a species that contains both male and female sexual organs at some point during their lives. In many species, hermaphroditism is a normal part of the life-cycle. Generally, hermaphroditism occurs in the invertebrates, although it occurs in a fair number of fish, and to... hermaphrodite. However, in some species of plants the flowers are imperfect or unisexual: having only either male (stamens) or female (pistil) parts. In the latter case, if an individual plant is either male or female the species is regarded as Plant sexuality deals with the wide variety of sexual reproduction systems found across the plant kingdom. That plants employ many different strategies to engage in sexual reproduction was used, from just a structural perspective, by Carolus Linnaeus (1735) to propose a system of classification of flowering plants, and later this... dioecious. However, where unisexual male and female flowers appear on the same plant, the species is considered Plant sexuality deals with the wide variety of sexual reproduction systems found across the plant kingdom. That plants employ many different strategies to engage in sexual reproduction was used, from just a structural perspective, by Carolus Linnaeus (1735) to propose a system of classification of flowering plants, and later this... monoecious.


Some flowers with both stamens and a pistil are capable of self-fertilization, which does increase the chance of producing seeds but limits genetic variation. The extreme case of self-fertilization occurs in flowers that always self-fertilize, such as the Distribution and Etymology Dandelions were originally widely distributed throughout Eurasia, but were introduced to North America and Australia because of their many uses. They have thrived in these new locations. The name above a central taproot. A bright yellow flower head is borne singly on a hollow stem (scape) rising... common dandelion. Conversely, many species of plants have ways of preventing self-fertilization. Unisexual male and female flowers on the same plant may not appear at the same time, or pollen from the same plant may be incapable of fertilizing its ovules. The latter flower types, which have chemical barriers to their own pollen, are referred to as self-sterile or self-incompatible. (See also: Plant sexuality deals with the wide variety of sexual reproduction systems found across the plant kingdom. That plants employ many different strategies to engage in sexual reproduction was used, from just a structural perspective, by Carolus Linnaeus (1735) to propose a system of classification of flowering plants, and later this... Plant sexuality)

Download high resolution version (768x1024, 114 KB)Stamens and pistil of a Day lily. Downloaded from : [[1] License: This image is public domain. You may use this image for any purpose, including commercial. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert...
Download high resolution version (768x1024, 114 KB)Stamens and pistil of a Day lily. Downloaded from : [[1] License: This image is public domain. You may use this image for any purpose, including commercial. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert... Enlarge
Close-up of a The daylily is any of about 15 species of flowering plants in the genus , the tawny daylily and the lemon lily, were early imports from England to 17th century American gardens that soon established themselves along roadsides. The tawny daylily especially is so widely feral that it is often mistaken... Day lily flower showing six stamens and the stigma and style of a pistil

Additional discussions on floral modifications from the basic plan are presented in the articles on each of the basic parts of the flower. In those species that have more than one flower on an axis, the collection of flowers is termed an An inflorescence is a group or cluster of flowers on a branch of a plant. In botany, the term refers to the way individual flowers are arranged on the axis (floral stem). An inflorescence is said to be determinate if the number of flowers cannot increase after the first flower... inflorescence. In this sense, care must be exercised in considering what is a flower. In botanical terminology, a single Species: , formery X from Portugal and from the Pyrenees. See also Chrysanthemum. 1020 p. Shosteck, Robt. 1974. . Quadrangle/The New York Times Book Co. 329 p. Daisy is a personal name, as in the song Daisy Bell or the character Daisy in the TV series Spaced; it is also a... daisy or Sunflower Sunflowers display bright yellow colors. Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Division: Magnoliophyta Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Asterales Family: Asteraceae Genus: is from the Greek for sunflower. Description The term sunflower is also used to refer to all plants of the genus ) of numerous flowers crowded together. The outer flowers are the... sunflower for example, is not a flower but a flower head—an inflorescence comprised of numerous small flowers (sometimes called florets). Each small flower may be anatomically as described above.


Floral formula

A floral formula is a way to represent the structure of a flower using specific letters, numbers, and symbols. Typically, a general formula will be used to represent the flower structure of a plant Scientific classification or biological classification refers to how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms. Modern classification has its roots in the system of Carolus Linnaeus, who grouped species according to shared physical characteristics. These groupings have been revised since Linnaeus to improve consistency with the Darwinian... family rather than a particular species. The following representations are used:


Ca = calyx (sepal whorl; e.g. Ca5 = 5 sepals)
Co = corolla (petal whorl; e.g., Co3(x) = petals some multiple of three )
    Z = add if zygomorphic (e.g., CoZ6 = zygomorphic with 6 petals)
A = androecium (whorl of stamens; e.g., A = many stamens)
G = gynoecium (carpel or carpels; e.g., G1 = monocarpous)


x - to represent a "variable number"
∞ - to represent "many"


A floral formula would appear something like this:

Ca5Co5A10 - ∞G1

Several other symbols are used that will have to await drawings to illustrate here (see [1]  (http://botit.botany.wisc.edu/courses/systematics/key.html)).


Flower function

grains of pollen on lily stigma File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. Click on date to download the file or see the image uploaded on that date. (del) (cur) 02:08, 6 Jan 2004 . . Pollinator (13592... Grains of pollen on stigma of a
Grains of pollen on stigma of a Genera , which includes the Sego and Mariposa lilies, and its allied genera are separated into a separate family, Calochortaceae, in some schemes, while others maintain them as a subfamily of Liliaceae, the Calochortoideae. Naked or Resurrection Lily (Lycoris squamigera) The lily flower is used in heraldry. See: Fleur-de-lis... lily

The function of a flower is to mediate the union of male and female gametes. The process is termed Pollination is an important step in the reproduction of seed plants: the transfer of pollen grains (male gametes) to the plant carpel, the structure that contains the ovule (female gamete). The receptive part of the carpel is called a : pollination by insects Bee pollination on Sunflower Madagascar orchid requires a... pollination. Many flowers are dependent upon the wind to move pollen between flowers of the same species. Others rely on animals (especially insects) to accomplish this feat. The period of time during which this process can take place (the flower is fully expanded and functional) is called anthesis.


Many flowers in nature have evolved to attract animals to pollinate the flower, the movements of the pollinating agent contributing to the opportunity for genetic recombinations within a dispersed plant population. Flowers that are insect pollinated are called entomophilous (literally "insect loving"). Flowers commonly have nectaries on their various parts that attract these animals. Eusocial bees Eusocial bees live in large hives, each of which has a single queen, together with workers and drones. The life cycle of bumblebees begins in the spring when the queen bee rises from hibernation. At this time the queen bee is the one who does all the work... Bees and Orders Many - see section below. Birds are bipedal, warm-blooded, egg-laying vertebrates characterized primarily by feathers, forelimbs modified as wings, and hollow bones. Birds range in size from the tiny hummingbirds to the huge Ostrich and Emu. Depending on taxonomic viewpoint, there are between about 8,800-10,200... birds are common A pollinator is the agent that moves pollen from the male anthers of a flower to the female stigma of a flower to accomplish fertilization or of honeybees and bumblebees (also known as the pollen basket), or the scopa of the lower abdomen of megachilid bees, made up of thick... pollinators: both have color vision, thus selecting for "colorful" flowers. Some flowers have patterns, called nectar guides, that are evident in the Ultraviolet (UV) radiation is electromagnetic radiation of a wavelength shorter than that of the visible region, but longer than that of soft X-rays. It can be subdivided into near UV (380–200 nm wavelength) and extreme or vacuum UV (200–10 nm). When considering the effects of... ultraviolet range, visible to bees but not to humans. Flowers also attract pollinators by that move downwind, and are detectable by bees more than a kilometer away. Pheromones are odors that are deliberately used for communication. A female moth may release a pheromone that can entice a male moth from several kilometers. Honeybee queens constantly are releasing pheromones that regulate the activity of the... scent. In any case, pollinators are attracted to the plant, perhaps in search of In Greek mythology, nectar and ambrosia are the food of the gods. It is believed that the two terms were not originally distinguished—though in Homers poems and later works, nectar is the drink and ambrosia the food. On the other hand, in Alcman nectar is the food... nectar, which they eat. The arrangement of the stamens insures that pollen grains are transferred to the bodies of the pollinator. In gathering nectar from many flowers of the same species, the pollinators transfer pollen between all of the flowers it visits.


Flower scent is not always pleasant to our nose. Some plants, such as . It is parasitic on a vine, spreading its roots inside the vine. The fruit is eaten by tree shrews. The species ); its individual flowers are arranged in a spadix. ... Rafflesia, the External links Titan at Huntington Botanical Gardens, California Titan at Botanic Garden Bonn, Germany 2003 Titan at Davis, California Titan at Kew Gardens 2004 Titan at Davis, California Webcam at Cambridge University Botanic Garden Royal Botanical Gardens, Sydney Categories: Alismatales ... titan arum, and the North American Carica papaya Species (W. Bartram) Exell - Woolly Pawpaw. Florida and Georgia. (Michx.) Dunal - Smallflower Pawpaw. Southern states from Texas to Virginia. Shuttlw. ex Chapman - Netted Pawpaw. Florida and Georgia. (L.) Dunal - Common Pawpaw. Extreme southern Ontario, Canada, and the eastern United States from New York west to southeast Nebraska, and... pawpaw (Asimina triloba) are pollinated by Fly can refer to any of the following things: A fly (plural flies) is any species of insect of the order Diptera. A fly is a lure, used in angling, with materials such as feathers or cotton thread, Categories: Disambiguation ... flies, so produce a scent imitating rotting meat.


Other flowers are pollinated by the wind, and the flowers of these species (for example, Genera , alternate, hugging the stem for a distance and a , . Cereals constitute the major source of food energy for humans and perhaps the major source of protein, and include rice in India and the Far East, maize in Mexico, and wheat and barley in Europe and North America. Staple food... grasses) have no need to attract pollinators and therefore tend not to be "showy". Wind pollinated flowers are referred to as anemophilous. Whereas the pollen of entomophilous flowers tends to be large grained, sticky, and contain significant A representation of the 3D structure of myoglobin, showing coloured alpha helices. This protein was the first to have its structure solved by X-ray crystallography by Max Perutz and Sir John Cowdery Kendrew in 1958, which led to them receiving a Nobel Prize in Chemistry. A protein (in Greek... protein (another "reward" for pollinators), Anemophilous flower pollen is usually small grained, very light, and of little nutritional value to Orders Subclass Apterygota Symphypleona - globular springtails Subclass Archaeognatha (jumping bristletails) Subclass Dicondylia Monura - Diptera (true flies) Trichoptera (caddisflies) Lepidoptera (butterflies, moths) Hymenoptera (ants, bees, wasps, etc.) Insects are invertebrate animals of the class Insecta, the largest and (on land) most widely distributed grouping within the Phylum Arthropoda. The study of... insects, though it may still be gathered, in times of dearth. Honeybees and bumblebees actively gather anemophilous corn ( Maize, called corn in the United States, Canada and Australia, is a staple food grain from Mesoamerica, species . Maize is a direct domesticate of the teosinte , native to the Balsas River Valley of southern Mexico, with up to 12% of its genetic material obtained from through introgression. The term teosinte... maize) pollen, though it is of little value to them.


There is much confusion about the role of flowers in allergies. For example the showy and entomophilous The goldenrod is a flowering plant in the Family Asteraceae. About 100 species make up the genus is less unruly, with pale yellow flowers, equally suitable for dried arrangements. Solidago canadensis was introduced as a garden plant in Central Europe, and is now common in the wild. In Germany, it... goldenrod (Solidago) is frequently blamed for respiratory allergies, of which it is innocent, since its pollen cannot be airborne. Instead the An allergen is any substance (antigen), most often eaten or inhaled, that is recognized by the immune system and causes an allergic reaction. No comprehensive list of allergens is possible, because sensitivities vary from one person to another and it is possible to be allergic to literally anything. Dust, pollen... allergen is usually the pollen of the contemporary bloom of anemophilous Common Ragweed Ambrosia Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Division: Magnoliophyta Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Asterales Family: Asteraceae Genus: ) is a genus of flowering plants from the sunflower family (Asteraceae). The name of this genus is derived from the Greek word for food of the gods They occur in temperate regions of the... ragweed (Ambrosia) which can drift for many kilometers.


Flowers in gardening and horticulture

Main and related articles at: Gardening is an activity—the art and craft of growing plants—most often taking place in or about ones residence, in a space referred to as the garden. A garden that is in close proximity to ones residence is also known as a residential garden. Although... Gardening, The Latin words ). a Free online resource on Horticulture industry trends and events. Categories: Botany ... Horticulture, This article or section should be merged with List of garden plants The flowers produced by flowering plants (Division Magnoliophyta) are of great interest to gardeners, florists, botanists, and nature lovers the world over. The following List of flowers provides a listing with links to garden flowers (and others with... List of flowers, and Identified flowers Identified flowers A-C Identified flowers D-H Identified flowers I-S Identified flowers T-Z Identified flowers Identified flowers A-C Amaryllis Amaryllis Anemone Azalea Azalea Bidens torta Bleeding heart China aster

Flower album

sunflower File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. Click on date to download the file or see the image uploaded on that date. (del) (cur) 09:08, 10 Jun 2003 . . Jimfbleak (73199 bytes) (sunflower) File links The...
Sunflower Sunflowers display bright yellow colors. Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Division: Magnoliophyta Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Asterales Family: Asteraceae Genus: is from the Greek for sunflower. Description The term sunflower is also used to refer to all plants of the genus ) of numerous flowers crowded together. The outer flowers are the... Sunflower

Flowers in the arts

The great variety of delicate and beautiful flowers has inspired the works of many poets.


Ah, Sun-flower weary of time,
Who countest the steps of the Sun,
Seeking after that sweet golden clime
Where the traveller's journey is done:

Where the Youth pined away with desire,
And the pale Virgin shrouded in snow
Arise from their graves, and aspire
Where my Sun-flower wishes to go.

William Blake (November 28, 1757- August 12, 1827) was an English poet, painter and printmaker, or Author & Printer, as he signed many of his books. Early career Blake was born at 28 Broad Street, Golden Square, London into a middle-class family. His artistic talent was noticed and encouraged... William Blake, Ah! Sun-Flower

The Roman goddess of flowers, gardens, and the season of Spring is In Roman mythology, Flora was a goddess of flowers and the season of spring. While she was otherwise a relatively minor figure in Roman mythology, being one among several fertility goddesses, her association with the spring gave her particular importance at the coming of springtime. Her festival, the Floralia, was... Flora. The Greek goddess of spring, flowers and nature is In Greek mythology, three people shared the name Chloris. Chloris (greenish) was the goddess of spring, flowers and nature. She was married to Zephyrus and had three children by him: Ampyx, Mopsus and Carpus. Her Roman equivalent was Flora. Meliboea was a daughter of Niobe and the only one spared... Chloris.


Flowers in everyday life

In modern times, people have sought ways to cultivate, buy, wear, or just be around flowers and blooming plants, partly because of their agreeable smell. Around the world, florists sell flowers for a wide range of events and functions that, cumulatively, encompass one's lifetime:

  • For new births or christenings
  • As corsages to be worn at social functions or for holidays
  • For wedding flowers for the bridal party, and decorations for the hall
  • As brightening decorations within the home
  • As a gift of remembrance for bon voyage parties, welcome home parties, and "thinking of you" gifts
  • For Underwater funeral in , which had a variety of meanings, including the corpse and the funerary rites themselves. Funeral rites are as old as the human race itself. In the Shanidar cave in Iraq, Neandertal skeletons have been discovered with a characteristic layer of pollen, which suggests that Neandertals buried the... funeral flowers and flowers for the grieving

Florists depend on an entire network of commercial growers and shippers to support this trade.


Flowers as symbols

Many flowers have important A symbol or (in many senses) token is a representation of something — an idea, object, concept, quality, etc.. Nature of symbols A symbol can be a material object whose shape or origin is related, by nature or convention, to the thing it represents: for instance, the crucifix is the... symbolic meanings in Western culture. The practice of assigning meanings to flowers is known as Categories: Stub ... floriography. Some of the more common examples include:

  • Red A rose is a flowering shrub of the genus hips The fruit of the rose is a berry-like structure called a rose hip. The hips of most species are red, but a few (e.g. ) and Rugosa Rose ( and though have densely packed straight spines, probably an adaptation to... roses are given as a symbol of True Love Love has many meanings in English. It can mean an intense feeling of affection, an emotion or emotional state. In ordinary use, it usually refers to interpersonal love. Love is one of the most common themes in art. The majority of modern movies have a love story and... love and passion.
  • (Himalayan poppy, Welsh poppy, and relatives) (Matilija poppy and relatives) is dark blue. The pollen of the field poppy or corn poppy , is the state flower of California. See also Remembrance Day In Flanders Fields Categories: Flowers | Spices ... Poppies are a symbol of consolation in time of death. Red poppies are worn to commemorate soldiers who have died in times of war.
  • Description There are many species of , etc., produce their flowers. Of many of the foregoing there are, besides the typical form, a considerable number of named garden varieties. , . Modern classifications, starting with W. R. Dykes 1913 book, have subdivided them. Dykes referred to the major subgroupings as sections, but later... Irises are a symbol of Death is either the cessation of life in a living organism or the state of the organism after that event. A common symbol of death is a grim reaper or the color black. The grave is a metonym for death. Biologically, death can occur to wholes, to parts of wholes... death.
  • Species: , formery X from Portugal and from the Pyrenees. See also Chrysanthemum. 1020 p. Shosteck, Robt. 1974. . Quadrangle/The New York Times Book Co. 329 p. Daisy is a personal name, as in the song Daisy Bell or the character Daisy in the TV series Spaced; it is also a... Daisies are a symbol of innocence.

Bibliography & external links

  • Bibliography
    • Eames, A. J. 1961. Morphology of the Angiosperms. McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York.
    • Esau, K. 1965. Plant Anatomy, 2nd Edition. John Wiley & Sons. 767 pp.
  • External links
    • Flowering (http://users.rcn.com/jkimball.ma.ultranet/BiologyPages/F/Flowering.html) in Kimball's Biology Pages (http://users.rcn.com/jkimball.ma.ultranet/BiologyPages/)
    • Flower Anatomy (http://la.essortment.com/floweranatomy_raxw.htm)
    • The Flowers (http://www.botany.uwc.ac.za/ecotree/flowers.htm)
    • House Flowers Council (http://house-flowers.com).
    • William Blake: Ah Sun-Flower (http://eir.library.utoronto.ca/rpo/display/poem160.html)
    • Flower Encyclopedia (http://www.lovetoknow.com/Flowers/flowers.htm)
    • Flowers  (http://develop.consumerium.org/wiki/index.php/Flowers) at the Development Wiki of Consumerium Project
    • Flower Council of Holland (http://www.flowercouncil.org).
    • Yellowikis  (http://www.yellowikis.org/wiki/index.php/Category:NAICS:453110) list of Florists and Flower shops.

A flower in a cryptic crossword could be pronounced flo-er and refer to a stream or river.


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If you want some general information about flower plants, looking for specific flower, you should visit this Flower Garden.
Flower Clipart (572 words)
Plant the blues flower clipart the heartwood of the tropical logwood tree the flower clipart fls and grays result fabrics immersed directly in flower clipart alizarin acquire a reddish yellow.
Tint when however flower clipart they are mordanted with certain aluminium compounds they flower clipart acquire a brilliant turkey red when mordanted with flower clipart chromium compounds a maroon and when mordanted.
Faith freudism as such was merely flower clipart a stage in the development of anxiety i flower clipart could dispense with discussion of the we shall flower clipart be able.
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