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Encyclopedia > Florida State University College of Arts and Sciences
Symbolic torches on Heritage Tower fountain

The Florida State University College of Arts and Sciences is one of sixteen colleges comprising the Florida State University (FSU). The College encompasses the fields of social sciences, liberal arts, mathematics, sciences and interdisciplinary studies. Several academic programs enjoy national reputations. These include the Department of English, which boasts one of the nation's top creative writing programs; the Classics Department, which offers comprehensive programs ranging from analysis of Roman literature to archeology; and several other programs, including the Departments of Geography and Oceanography. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For other uses, see College (disambiguation). ... Florida State University (commonly referred to as Florida State or FSU)[8] is a public research university located in Tallahassee. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Creative writing is a term used to distinguish certain imaginative or different types of writing from technical writing. ... For other uses, see Classics (disambiguation). ... Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... Thermohaline circulation Oceanographic frontal systems on the southern hemisphere Oceanography (from the greek words Ωκεανός meaning Ocean and γράφω meaning to write), also called oceanology or marine science, is the branch of Earth Sciences that studies the Earths oceans and seas. ...

Contents

History

The Department of History includes accomplished faculty in Napoleonic history, Eastern European History, War and Society, History of Science, Latin American/Caribbean History, and Atlantic World. Department Chair is Neil T. Jumonville. Distinguished faculty members include Darrin McMahon, who has been featured on the History Channel as well as other entertainment programs; Elna Green, Allen Morris Professor of History; James P. Jones, better known as Jim Jones, a beloved fixture in the department and recently celebrated 50 years of teaching at the university; and Robert Gellately, the Earl Ray Beck Professor of History. Robert Gellately is an American academic who is one of the leading historians of modern Europe, particularly during World War II and the Cold War era. ...


National Rankings according to US News (2008 edition)

  • Physics - 45th overall
  • Psychology - 99th overall
  • Clinical Psychology - 44th overall
  • Chemistry - 45th overall
  • Biological Sciences - 89th overall
  • Mathematics - 67th overall
  • Earth Science - 70th overall
  • English - 79th overall

Biological Sciences

The Department of Biological Sciences includes accomplished faculty in cellular and molecular biology, computational biology, evolution and ecology, and neuroscience. The Department has embarked on an innovative new cluster hiring initiative that focuses on the integration of genotype and phenotype. FSU's new Life Sciences Teaching and Research Building is a state-of-the-art facility that will provide over 90,000 net square feet of space for instruction, research, and support services. The design features rooftop research greenhouses and an open ground floor cloister for students, faculty, and staff. Other features include a 150 seat auditorium, biology teaching laboratories, and more than 30 research laboratories for the Department of Biological Science. Computational biology is an interdisciplinary field that applies the techniques of computer science and applied mathematics to problems inspired by biology. ...


Chemistry and Biochemistry

Pacific Yew tree - original source of Taxol. As Pacific yew trees were harvested for Taxol faster than they could grow back, a crisis emerged in the supply of a beneficial anti-cancer medication. FSU's semisynthetic Taxol greatly improved the supply of this anti-cancer drug

Also working in the field of materials science and nanoscience at FSU is the Nobel laureate Sir Harry Kroto, the co-discoverer of the C-60 'buckyball', who is a member of FSU's Chemistry and Biochemistry Department. Research in the Chemistry department currently spans fields ranging from analytical through organic, using experimental techniques and equipment including advanced lasers, spectrometers[1] and superconducting magnets. A new, 5-story 168,000 square foot chemistry building was completed in April of 2008 and officially opened on May 2nd 2008. The building features state-of-the-art facilities and houses all fields of chemistry. Labs are located on floors 2 - 5 and are segregated by division. The second floor is home to material chemists, while the third and fourth floors serve physical and analytical. The fifth floor is home to synthetic organic chemistry with labs specifically designed to accommodate organic synthesis research. The building serves to enhance the department's strengths in molecular recognition, materials, nanotechnology, biochemistry, molecular synthesis, computational chemistry, and advanced measurement science as well as further support its robust Ph.D. and postdoctoral fellow training programs. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Binomial name Taxus brevifolia Nutt. ... Paclitaxel is a drug used in the treatment of cancer. ... A mite next to a gear chain produced using nanotechnology Nanotechnology as a collective term refers to technological developments on the nanometer scale, usually 0. ... The Nobel Prizes (pronounced no-BELL or no-bell) are awarded annually to people who have done outstanding research, invented groundbreaking techniques or equipment, or made outstanding contributions to society. ... Sir Harold Walter Kroto KBE FRS (born October 7, 1939) is an English chemist. ... Buckminsterfullerene (C60) Fullerenes are molecules composed entirely of carbon, taking the form of a hollow sphere, ellipsoid, or tube. ... For alternative meanings see laser (disambiguation). ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Superconducting magnets are electromagnets that are built using superconducting coils. ... Computational chemistry is a branch of chemistry that uses the results of theoretical chemistry incorporated into efficient computer programs to calculate the structures and properties of molecules and solids, applying these programs to complement the information obtained by actual chemical experiments, predict hitherto unobserved chemical phenomena, and solve related problems. ...


Taxol - anti-cancer drug

A significant achievement at the university was chemistry professor and synthetic organic chemist, Robert A. Holton's synthesizing of Taxol on Dec. 9, 1993. The chemical has been used as an effective breast cancer and ovarian cancer treatment. Robert A. Holton is an American academic chemist who is known for his work regarding the chemical synthesis for Taxol (known as the Holton Taxol total synthesis), a widely-utilized and highly-effective anti-cancer drug. ... Paclitaxel is a drug used in the treatment of cancer. ... Breast cancer is cancer of breast tissue. ... Ovarian cancer is a malignant tumor (a kind of neoplasm) located on an ovary. ...


Dr. Holton and his organic chemistry team won a race to develop a cheaper semisynthetic version (Holton Taxol total synthesis). In 1993, Bristol-Myers Squibb began marketing Taxol, ultimately earning more than $1.6 billion by the year 2000. Just like other chemotherapy drugs, it had side effects, but it also prolonged lives, and in many cases caused a full remission of cancer.[2] Holton Taxol total synthesis overview from raw material perspective The Holton Taxol total synthesis, published by Robert A. Holton and his group at Florida State University in 1994 was the first total synthesis of Taxol . The Holton Taxol total synthesis is a good example of a linear synthesis starting from... Bristol-Myers Squibb (NYSE: BMY), colloquially referred to as BMS, is a pharmaceutical corporation, formed by a 1989 merger between pharmaceutical companies Bristol-Myers Company, founded in 1887 by William McLaren Bristol and John Ripley Myers in Clinton, NY (both were graduates of Hamilton College), and Squibb Corporation. ... Chemotherapy, in its most general sense, refers to treatment of disease by chemicals that kill cells, specifically those of micro-organisms or cancer. ... Cancer is a class of diseases or disorders characterized by uncontrolled division of cells and the ability of these to spread, either by direct growth into adjacent tissue through invasion, or by implantation into distant sites by metastasis (where cancer cells are transported through the bloodstream or lymphatic system). ...


Before the drug company's exclusive license expired, Florida State earned $351 million in royalties, vaulting the school into the ranks of Columbia University and California's state universities in research profits. By comparison, Taxol has earned Florida State more than three times what the popular beverage Gatorade earned the University of Florida.[3] This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Alma Mater Columbia University is a private university in the United States and a member of the Ivy League. ... Berkeley Davis Irvine Los Angeles Merced Riverside San Diego Santa Barbara Santa Cruz UC Office of the President in Oakland The University of California (UC) is a public university system in the state of California. ... Gatoradeis a non-carbonated sports drink marketed by the Quaker Oats Company, a division of PepsiCo. ...


Computer Science

FSU's Computer Science program is a National Center of Academic Excellence in Information Assurance Education (CAE/IAE) by the National Security Agency. Florida State is the only university in Florida to achieve this status. Recently, computer security specialists from Florida State examined the computer code firmware contained within the Election Systems & Software iVotronic Voting Machines used in the disputed 2006 congressional election of Florida's District 13 between Vern Buchanan and Christine Jennings.[4][5] Computer science, or computing science, is the study of the theoretical foundations of information and computation and their implementation and application in computer systems. ... For other uses of NSA, see NSA (disambiguation). ... A microcontroller, like this PIC18F8720 is controlled by firmware stored inside on FLASH memory In computing, firmware is a computer program that is embedded in a hardware device, for example a microcontroller. ... Election Systems & Software (ES&S) is an American company that provides voting services. ... Vernon Vern Buchanan (born May 8, 1951) is a Republican politician and an automobile dealer. ... Christine Jennings Christine Jennings (born November 26, 1945) is a banker and a Democratic politician. ...


Creative Writing Program

The Creative Writing program in the English Department at Florida State is home to recipients of the Pulitzer Prize and the National Book Award. The 2007 special fiction issue of The Atlantic Monthly placed FSU's Creative Writing Program as one of the Top 10 Graduate Programs in Creative Writing as well as one of the Top Five Ph.D. Programs in Creative Writing in the country. FSU offers both Masters of Fine Arts and doctoral degrees in Creative Writing. The program claims no university Creative Writing program in the world has been included more often in the Harcourt Trade Publishers Best New American Voices. Recent graduates have published books with Hyperion, Norton, Viking, MacAdam/Cage Publishing, Penguin, Henry Holt, Simon & Schuster, and Houghton Mifflin. Students have published in The Atlantic Monthly, Esquire, The Georgia Review, Glimmer Train, Harper's, Ploughshares, and many other quality magazines. Students have the chance to work both for a publisher (FC2) and for the program's official journal The Southeast Review.[6] The Pulitzer Prize is an American award regarded as the highest national honor in print journalism, literary achievements, and musical composition. ... The National Book Awards is one of the most preeminent literary prizes in the United States. ... The Atlantic redirects here; for the ocean, see Atlantic Ocean. ... Harcourt Trade Publishers is a U.S. publishing firm, and one of the worlds largest publishers of textbooks. ... Hyperion is a general-interest book publishing division of The Walt Disney Company, established in 1991. ... ... Viking Press was founded on March 1, 1925, in New York City, by Harold K. Guinzburg and George S. Oppenheim. ... Penguin Group is the second largest trade book publisher in the world. ... Holt, Rinehart and Winston, somethimes abbreviated as HRW or referred to as Holt, is an Austin, Texas based publishing company, that specializes in textbooks for use in secondary schools. ... Jean-François Millet Le Semeur (The Sower) Simon & Schuster logo, circa 1961. ... Houghton Mifflin Company is a leading educational publisher in the United States. ... The Atlantic redirects here; for the ocean, see Atlantic Ocean. ... Esquire is a magazine for men owned by the Hearst Corporation. ... Glimmer Train is an American literary journal founded in 1990. ... An issue of Harpers Magazine from 1905 Another issue, from November 2004 Harpers Magazine (or simply Harpers) is a monthly magazine of politics and culture. ... Ploughshares is an American literary journal published quarterly by Emerson College. ...


Meteorology

Founded in 1949, the FSU Meteorology program is the largest and most complete meteorology program in the southeastern United States, with 16 faculty members, over 85 graduate students and approximately 200 undergraduate students.[7] The Department of Meteorology is rated in the top ten programs in the United States by the National Research Council.[8] The program is considered to be one of the top five comprehensive meteorology programs in the United States and the flagship program in the Southeast.[9] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x662, 320 KB) http://eol. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x662, 320 KB) http://eol. ... Cyclone Catarina was an extremely rare South Atlantic tropical cyclone. ... A South Atlantic tropical cyclone is an unusual weather event which occurs in the southern Atlantic Ocean, south of the equator. ... ISS redirects here. ... March 26 is the 85th day of the year (86th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... // Meteorology (from Greek: μετέωρον, meteoron, high in the sky; and λόγος, logos, knowledge) is the interdisciplinary scientific study of the atmosphere that focuses on weather processes and forecasting. ... The National Research Council (NRC) of the USA is the working arm of the United States National Academy of Sciences and the United States National Academy of Engineering, carrying out most of the studies done in their names. ...


Many graduates of the Florida State meteorology program whether bachelor's, master's or doctorate work in the national media including Neil Frank and Max Mayfield, former directors of the National Hurricane Center in Miami; Janice Huff of the NBC Today Show and on-air meteorologists from the The Weather Channel: Stephanie Abrams, Rich Johnson and Jennifer Lopez . Max Mayfield Britt Max Mayfield (born on September 19, 1948 in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma) is a meteorologist who served as the director of the National Hurricane Center from 2000 to 2007. ... National Weather Service Logo The U.S. National Hurricane Center is the division of National Weather Services Tropical Prediction Center responsible for tracking and predicting the likely behavior of tropical depressions, tropical storms and hurricanes. ... Miami redirects here. ... Janice Huff (born September 1, 1960) is an American local and national television meteorologist // As she has sometimes noted on her newscast, though born in New York City, at an early age she moved to her grandparents in Columbia, South Carolina, and graduated from Eau Claire High School with honors... The Today Show (officially called Today) is currently, a long-running morning news show airing on the NBC television network in the United States. ... The Weather Channel (TWC) is a cable and satellite television network that broadcasts weather and weather-related news 24 hours a day. ... This article is about a meteorologist on The Weather Channel. ... Rich Johnson A native of Baltimore, Maryland, Rich graduated from The Florida State University in Tallahassee, Florida, with a B.S. in Meteorology. ... Jennifer Lopez is an on-camera meteorologist for The Weather Channel. ...


Physics

Large bore magnet at NHMFL

The Department of Physics, comprising more than 60 faculty and over 100 graduate students, is a major research department, offering graduate programs that have been ranked amongst the best in the nation by U.S. News and World Report.[8] Theoretical and experimental nuclear physics and particle physics are particularly strong areas; nuclear physics is currently rated with the Top 7 programs in the United States. There are also extensive research programs in biophysics, condensed matter physics and atomic physics, as well as an expanding astrophysics program. // Overview The National High Magnetic Field Laboratory (NHMFL) develops and operates high magnetic field facilities that scientists use for research in physics, biology, bioengineering, chemistry, geochemistry, biochemistry, materials science, and engineering. ... U.S. News & World Report is a weekly newsmagazine. ... This box:      Nuclear physics is the branch of physics concerned with the nucleus of the atom. ... Thousands of particles explode from the collision point of two relativistic (100 GeV per nucleon) gold ions in the STAR detector of the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. ... Biophysics (also biological physics) is an interdisciplinary science that applies the theories and methods of physics, to questions of biology. ... Condensed matter physics is the field of physics that deals with the macroscopic physical properties of matter. ... Atomic physics (or atom physics) is the field of physics that studies atoms as isolated systems comprised of electrons and an atomic nucleus. ... Spiral Galaxy ESO 269-57 Astrophysics is the branch of astronomy that deals with the physics of the universe, including the physical properties (luminosity, density, temperature, and chemical composition) of celestial objects such as stars, galaxies, and the interstellar medium, as well as their interactions. ...


In terms of major facilities, the Department has its own superconducting linear particle accelerator at which experiments ranging from precision atomic measurements to analysis of rare-isotope collisions are performed. Additionally, the Department is a heavy user of major national and international lab facilities. It maintains active groups working on experiments at Fermilab, CERN, Brookhaven National Laboratory, TJNAF, Argonne National Laboratory and several others. Indirectly, through current director Dr. Gregory Boebinger as well as his predecessor, laboratory founder Dr. Jack Crow, the Department operates the main complex of the multi discipline National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, located near campus at FSU's Innovation Park. Superconductivity is a phenomenon occurring in certain materials at low temperatures, characterised by the complete absence of electrical resistance and the damping of the interior magnetic field (the Meissner effect. ... Linear accelerator (LINAC) used for medical radiation therapy; example made by Siemens AG. A linear particle accelerator (also called a LINAC) is an electrical device for the acceleration of subatomic particles. ... Aerial view of the Fermilab site. ... CERN logo The European Organization for Nuclear Research (French: ), commonly known as CERN (see Naming), pronounced (or in French), is the worlds largest particle physics laboratory, situated just northwest of Geneva on the border between France and Switzerland. ... ≠ Aerial view of Brookhaven National Laboratory. ... ... Aerial photo of the Advanced Photon Source at Argonne National Laboratory. ... // Overview The National High Magnetic Field Laboratory (NHMFL) develops and operates high magnetic field facilities that scientists use for research in physics, biology, bioengineering, chemistry, geochemistry, biochemistry, materials science, and engineering. ... Innovation Park at Pennsylvania State University was built to be a incubator of new businesses for job creation. ...


Notes and references

  1. ^ [1] Florida State University - Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Laser Facility Equipment Data Retrieved on 5-03-2007.
  2. ^ [2] Florida State University, Research in Review, Fall 2002 Retrieved on 5-03-2007.
  3. ^ St. Petersburg Times, April 30, 2004, "From Campus to Commerce" by Robert Trigeaux Retrieved on 5-03-2007.[3]
  4. ^ [4] Sarasota Herald Tribune "Audit to Review Computer Code" by Carol E. Lee, December 5, 2006 Retrieved on 5-08-2007.
  5. ^ [5] Florida State University Statement of Work "Software Review and Security Analysis for ES&S iVotronic Voting Machine Firmware" December 15, 2006 Retrieved on 5-08-2007.
  6. ^ [6] Florida State University, English Department, Creative Writing Retrieved on 5-03-2007.
  7. ^ [7] Florida State University Meteorology Department, Academic Programs webpage Retrieved on 5-03-2007.
  8. ^ a b [8] Florida State University - College Highlights and Selected National Rankings Retrieved on 5-01-2007.
  9. ^ [9] Florida State University 2007–2008 General Bulletin Undergraduate Edition, College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Meteorology Retrieved on 5-01-2007.

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