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Encyclopedia > Florida Keys
Palm trees in Islamorada
Palm trees in Islamorada

The Florida Keys is an archipelago of about 1700 islands in the southeast United States. They begin at the southeastern tip of the Florida peninsula, about 15 miles south of Miami, and extend in a gentle arc south-southwest and then westward to Key West, the westernmost of the inhabited islands, and on to the uninhabited Dry Tortugas. The islands lie along the Florida Straits, dividing the Atlantic Ocean to the east from the Gulf of Mexico to the west, and defining one edge of Florida Bay. At the nearest point, the southern tip of Key West is just 90 miles (145 km) from Cuba. The Florida Keys are between about 23.5 and 25.5 degrees North latitude, in the subtropics. More than 95 percent of the land area lies in Monroe County, but a small portion extends northeast into Miami-Dade County, primarily in the city of Islandia, Florida. The total land area is 355.6 km² (137.3 sq mi). As of the 2000 census the population was 79,535, with an average density of 223.66/km² (579.27/sq mi), although much of the population is concentrated in a few areas of much higher density, such as the city of Key West, which has 32% of the entire population of the Keys. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Islamorada, Village of Islands is an incorporated village in Monroe County, Florida, on the islands of Lower Matecumbe Key, Upper Matecumbe Key, Windley Key and Plantation Key in the Florida Keys. ... The Mergui Archipelago An archipelago is a landform which consists of a chain or cluster of islands. ... Official language(s) English Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Largest metro area Miami Area  Ranked 22nd  - Total 65,795[1] sq mi (170,304[1] km²)  - Width 361 miles (582 km)  - Length 447 miles (721 km)  - % water 17. ... A peninsula in Croatia A peninsula (from the latin words paene insula, almost island) is a geographical landform consisting of an extension of a body of land from a larger body of land, surrounded by water on three sides. ... Nickname: The Magic City Location in Miami-Dade County and the state of Florida. ... Map of Key West Key West is a city located in Monroe County, Florida. ... Dry Tortugas overview map Dry Tortugas detail map Map of Garden Key with Fort Jefferson Fort Jefferson on Garden Key, from northeast The Dry Tortugas are a small group of islands, located at the end of the Florida Keys, USA, about 113 km west of Key West, and 60 km... Categories: Stub | Straits ... Gulf of Mexico in 3D perspective. ... Florida Bay is the shallow bay located between the southern end of the Florida mainland (the Florida Everglades) and the Florida Keys. ... Map of Key West Key West is a city located in Monroe County, Florida. ... A mile is a unit of length, usually used to measure distance, in a number of different systems, including Imperial units, United States customary units and Norwegian/Swedish mil. ... km redirects here. ... The subtropics refers to the zones of the Earth immediately north and south of the tropic zone, which is bounded by the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn, at latitude 23. ... Monroe County is a county located in the state of Florida. ... Miami-Dade County (formerly known as Dade County) is a county located in the southeastern part of the state of Florida. ... Islandia is a city located in Miami-Dade County, Florida. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Nickname: The Conch Republic, Southernmost City In The Continental United States Coordinates: Country United States State Florida County Monroe Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Morgan McPherson Area  - City  7. ...


The city of Key West is the county seat of Monroe County, which consists of a section on the mainland which is almost entirely in Everglades National Park, and the Keys islands from Key Largo to the Dry Tortugas. A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Monroe County is a county located in the state of Florida. ... This article is about the geomorphological/geopolitical term; MAINLAND is also a cheese brand owned by Fonterra, a New Zealand dairy company. ... Everglades National Park preserves the southern portion of the Everglades (all south of Tamiami Trail), but represents only 20 % of the original wetland area. ... Key Largo is an island in the upper Florida Keys archipelago and, at 33 miles long, the largest of Keys. ...

Contents

Origins

The Keys were formed near the edge of the Florida Plateau
The Keys were formed near the edge of the Florida Plateau

The Florida Keys are the exposed portions of an ancient coral reef, with very little sand. The northernmost island arising from the ancient reef formation is Elliott Key, in Biscayne National Park. North of Elliott Key are several small transitional keys, composed of sand built up around small areas of exposed ancient reef. Further north, Key Biscayne and places north are barrier islands, built up of sand.[1] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1020x1013, 127 KB) The Florida Plateau. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1020x1013, 127 KB) The Florida Plateau. ... Some of the biodiversity of a coral reef. ... Elliott Key is the northernmost of the true Florida Keys (those keys which are ancient coral reefs lifted above the present sea level), and the largest key north of Key Largo (island). ... Biscayne National Park is a U.S. National Park located in southern Florida, due east of Homestead, FL. The park preserves Biscayne Bay, one of the top scuba diving areas in the United States. ... Map of Key Biscayne Key Biscayne is a village located in Miami-Dade County, Florida. ... Sand bars in the Mississippi River at Arkansas and Mississippi A bar is a linear shoaling landform feature within a body of water. ...


The Florida Keys have taken their present form as the result of the drastic changes in sea level associated with recent glaciations or ice ages. Beginning some 130,000 years ago the Sangamon interglacial raised sea levels to approximately 25 feet (7.5 m.) above the current level. All of southern Florida was covered by a shallow sea. Several parallel lines of reef formed along the edge of the submerged Florida plateau, stretching south and then west from the present Miami area to what is now the Dry Tortugas. This reef formed the Key Largo limestone that is exposed on the surface from Soldier Key (midway between Key Biscayne and Elliott Key) to the southeast portion of Big Pine Key and the Newfound Harbor Keys. The types of coral that formed Key Largo limestone can be identified on the exposed surface of these keys. A glaciation (a created composite term meaning Glacial Period, referring to the Period or Era of, as well as the process of High Glacial Activity), often called an ice age, is a geological phenomenon in which massive ice sheets form in the Arctic and Antarctic and advance toward the equator. ... Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 400 000 years For the animated movie, see Ice Age (movie). ... Two ice core temperature records; the Eemian is at a depth of about 1500-1800 meters in the lower graph The Eemian interglacial era (known as the Sangamon interglacial in North America, the Ipswichian interglacial in the UK, and the Riss-Würm interglacial in the Alps) is the second... Monte Roraima In geology and earth science, a plateau, also called a high plateau or tableland or chodechugger, is an area of highland, usually consisting of relatively flat open country. ... Limey shale overlaid by limestone. ... Soldier Key is an island north of the upper Florida Keys. ... Big Pine Key is a census-designated place and town located in island of the same name in the Florida Keys. ... Subclasses Alcyonaria Zoantharia See text for orders Pillar coral Corals are marine animals of the class Anthozoa, which also includes the sea anemones (order Actiniaria). ...


Starting about 100,000 years ago the Wisconsin glaciation began lowering sea levels, exposing the coral reef and surrounding marine sediments. By 15,000 years ago the sea level had dropped to 300 to 350 feet below the contemporary level. The exposed reefs and sediments were heavily eroded. Acidic water, which can result from decaying vegetation, dissolves limestone. Some of the dissolved limestone redeposited as a denser cap rock, which can be seen as outcrops overlying the Key Largo and Miami limestones throughout the Keys. The limestone that eroded from the reef formed oolites in the shallow sea behind the reef, and together with the skeletal remains of bryozoans, formed the Miami limestone that is the current surface bedrock of the lower Florida peninsula and the lower keys from Big Pine Key to Key West. To the west of Key West the ancient reef is covered by recent calcareous sand. The Wisconsin (in North America), Devensian (in the British Isles), Midlandian (in Ireland), Würm (in the Alps), and Weichsel (in northern central Europe) glaciations are the most recent glaciations of the Pleistocene epoch, which ended around 10,000 BCE. The general glacial advance began about 70,000 BCE, and... Oceanography (from Ocean + Greek γράφειν = write), also called oceanology and marine science is the study of the earths oceans and their interlinked ecosystems and chemical and physical processes. ... Sediment is any particulate matter that can be transported by fluid flow and which eventually is deposited as a layer of solid particles on the bed or bottom of a body of water or other liquid. ... An oolite is a sedimentary rock formed from ooids, spherical grains composed of concentric layers. ... Fossilized Bryozoa, Ordovician limestone, Batavia, Ohio Bryozoans (moss animals) are tiny colonial animals that generally build stony skeletons of calcium carbonate, superficially similar to coral. ... Calcareous formed from or containing a high proportion of Calcium carbonate. ...


Major islands

U.S. Highway 1, the "Overseas Highway" runs over most of the inhabited islands of the Florida Keys. The islands are listed in order from north and east to south and west. The Matecumbe Keys toll booth on June 21, 1938. ...


Upper keys

Keys in Biscayne National Park (accessible only by boat) in Miami-Dade County Biscayne National Park is a U.S. National Park located in southern Florida, due east of Homestead, FL. The park preserves Biscayne Bay, one of the top scuba diving areas in the United States. ... Miami-Dade County (formerly known as Dade County) is a county located in the southeastern part of the state of Florida. ...

Keys in Monroe County Soldier Key is an island north of the upper Florida Keys. ... Ragged Keys are small islands north of the upper Florida Keys. ... Boca Chita Key is an island north of the upper Florida Keys. ... Sands Key is an island north of the upper Florida Keys. ... Elliott Key is the northernmost of the true Florida Keys (those keys which are ancient coral reefs lifted above the present sea level), and the largest key north of Key Largo (island). ... Adams Key is an island north of the upper Florida Keys in Biscayne National Park. ... Old Rhodes Key is an island north of the upper Florida Keys in Biscayne National Park. ... Monroe County is a county located in the state of Florida. ...

(Plantation Key through Lower Matecumbe Key are incorporated as Islamorada, Village of Islands. The "towns" of Key Largo, North Key Largo and Tavernier, all on the island of Key Largo, are not incorporated.) Key Largo is an island in the upper Florida Keys archipelago and, at 33 miles long, the largest of Keys. ... Plantation Key, Florida, also known as Plantation, Florida (not to be confused with the city of Plantation in Broward County or the populated place of Plantation in Sarasota), was a populated place on Plantation Key in the Florida Keys, in Monroe County. ... Windley Key is an island in Monroe County, Florida, United States. ... Upper Matecumbe Key is an island in the upper Florida Keys. ... Lignumvitae Key is an island in the upper Florida Keys. ... An island in the Florida Keys, Lower Matecumbe Key is in the part of the island chain referred to as the Upper Keys. ... Islamorada, Village of Islands is an incorporated village in Monroe County, Florida, on the islands of Lower Matecumbe Key, Upper Matecumbe Key, Windley Key and Plantation Key in the Florida Keys. ... Key Largo is a census-designated place and town located in Monroe County, Florida, located on an island of the same name in the upper Florida Keys. ... North Key Largo is a census-designated place located in Monroe County, Florida. ... Tavernier is a census-designated place and town located in Monroe County, Florida, on an island named Plantation Key in the Florida Keys. ...


Middle keys

(Key Vaca, Boot Key, Fat Deer Key, Long Point Key, Crawl Key and Grassy Key are incorporated in the city of Marathon) Craig Key is an island in the middle Florida Keys. ... Fiesta Key is an island in the middle Florida Keys. ... Long Key is the home of Long Key State Park, a favorite of campers and nature lovers. ... Conch Key is an island in the middle Florida Keys. ... Duck Key is a census-designated place and town located in Monroe County, Florida, on an island of the same name in the Florida Keys. ... Grassy Key, Florida is the northernmost island in a chain of islands collectively known as Marathon, Florida. ... Crawl Key is an island in the middle Florida Keys. ... Long Point Key is an island in the middle Florida Keys. ... Fat Deer Key is an island in the middle Florida Keys. ... Key Vaca is located in Monroe County, Florida. ... Boot Key is an island located adjacent to Marathon, Florida, USA. The island is largely undeveloped despite having a bridge to Marathon. ... Knights Key is an island in the middle Florida Keys. ... Pigeon Key is a small island in the middle Florida Keys. ... Marathon is a city on Marathon Key and Boot Key, islands in the Florida Keys, located in Monroe County, Florida. ...


Lower keys

[1]

Little Duck Key is a small island in the lower Florida Keys. ... Missouri Key is a small island in the lower Florida Keys. ... Ohio Key is an island in the lower Florida Keys. ... Beach at Bahia Honda, Florida Keys, looking east Bahia Honda (meaning deep bay, in Spanish), is an island in the lower Florida Keys. ... West Summerland Key is part of the lower Florida Keys. ... West Summerland Key is part of the lower Florida Keys. ... No Name Key is located in the Lower Keys. ... Big Pine Key is a census-designated place and town located in Monroe County, Florida, on an island of the same name in the Florida Keys. ... Little Torch Key is a small island, one of the Florida Keys. ... Middle Torch Key is an island in the lower Florida Keys. ... Big Torch Key is an island in the lower Florida Keys. ... Ramrod Key is an island in the lower Florida Keys. ... Summerland Key is an island in the lower Florida Keys approximately 20 miles east of Key West. ... Knockemdown Key is an island in the lower Florida Keys approximately 20 miles east of Key West. ... Cudjoe Key is a census-designated place and town located in Monroe County, Florida, on an island of the same name in the Florida Keys. ... Sugarloaf Key is one of the larger islands in the lower Florida Keys, from mile markers 20 to 17. ... Park Key is a very small uninhabited island in the lower Florida Keys about 14 miles east of Key West. ... Lower Sugarloaf Key is an island in the lower Florida Keys about 13 miles east of Key West. ... The Saddlebunch Keys are a series of salt marsh islands about 7 miles east of Key West, Florida. ... Shark Key is an island in the lower Florida Keys about 7 miles east of Key West. ... Geiger Key is an island in the lower Florida Keys about 5 miles east of Key West. ... Big Coppitt Key is a census-designated place and town located in island of the same name in the Florida Keys. ... East Rockland Key is an island in the lower Florida Keys about 4 miles east of Key West. ... Rockland Key is an island in the lower Florida Keys about 4 miles east of Key West. ... Boca Chica Key is an island in the Florida Keys approximately 3 miles east of the island of Key West. ... Originally named Racoon Key, Key Haven is an island in the Florida Keys about a mile east of Key West. ... Stock Island is a census-designated place located in Monroe County, Florida. ... Nickname: The Conch Republic, Southernmost City In The Continental United States Coordinates: Country United States State Florida County Monroe Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Morgan McPherson Area  - City  7. ... Sigsbee Park, also known as Dredgers Key, is an island about a half mile north of Key West, Florida in the lower Florida Keys. ... Fleming Key is an island off the northwest corner of the island of Key West, Florida in the lower Florida Keys. ...

Outlying islands

These are accessible by boat.

among others

Sunset Key is a 27-acre exclusive resort island off the coast of Key West, Florida. ... Wisteria Island in the lower Florida Keys, about 600 yards northwest of downtown Key West, Florida. ... The Marquesas Keys are a small a group of islands about thirty miles west of Key West, Florida External links http://historicpreservation. ... Dry Tortugas overview map Dry Tortugas detail map Map of Garden Key with Fort Jefferson Fort Jefferson on Garden Key, from northeast The Dry Tortugas are a small group of islands, located at the end of the Florida Keys, USA, about 113 km west of Key West, and 60 km...

Transportation

Most islands are connected by the Overseas Highway. There has been a railway, but in 1935 its operation was discontinued. See also the history section. The Matecumbe Keys toll booth on June 21, 1938. ...


History

Overseas Railway

The Keys were long accessible only by water. This changed with the completion of Henry Flagler's Overseas Railway in the early 1910s. Flagler, a major developer of Florida's Atlantic coast, extended his Florida East Coast Railway down to Key West with an ambitious series of over-sea railroad trestles. Henry Morrison Flagler (January 2, 1830 – May 20, 1913) was a United States tycoon, real estate promoter, railroad developer and Rockefeller partner. ... Florida East Coast Railway, Key West Extension, express train at sea, crossing Long Key Viaduct, Florida. ... The Florida East Coast Railway (AAR reporting mark FEC) is a Class II railroad operating in the US state of Florida; in the past, it has been a Class I railroad. ...


Labor Day Hurricane of 1935

Main article: Labor Day Hurricane of 1935

One of the worst hurricanes to strike the U.S. made landfall near Islamorada in the Upper Keys on Labor Day, Monday Sept. 2. Winds were estimated to have gusted to 200 mph, raising a storm surge more than 17.5 feet above sea level that washed over the islands. More than 400 people were killed, though some estimates place the number of deaths at more than 600. Lowest pressure 892 mbar (hPa)[1] Damages $6 million+ (1935 dollars) $82 million+ (2005 dollars) Fatalities 408 - 600 direct Areas affected Bahamas, Florida Keys, Florida Panhandle, Alabama, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina Part of the 1935 Atlantic hurricane season The Labor Day Hurricane was a very compact, intense hurricane that...


The Labor Day Hurricane is one of only three hurricanes to make landfall at Category 5 strength on the U.S. coast since reliable weather records began (about 1850). The other storms were Camille (1969) and Andrew (1992). The Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale is a scale classifying most Western Hemisphere tropical cyclones that exceed the levels of tropical depression and tropical storm and thereby become hurricanes; the categories it divides hurricanes into are distinguished by the intensities of their respective sustained winds. ... Lowest pressure ≤905 mbar (hPa)[1] Damages $1. ... Lowest pressure 922 mbar (hPa; 27. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ...


In 1935, new bridges were under construction to connect a highway through the entire Keys. Hundreds of World War I veterans working on the roadway as part of a government relief program were housed in unreinforced buildings in three construction camps in the Upper Keys. When the evacuation train failed to reach the camps before the storm, more than 200 veterans perished. Their deaths caused anger and charges of mismanagement that led to a congressional investigation.


The storm also ended the 23-year run of the Overseas Railway; the damaged tracks were never rebuilt, and the Overseas Highway (U.S. Highway 1) replaced the railroad as the main transportation route from Miami to Key West.


Seven Mile Bridge

One of the longest bridges when it was built, the Seven Mile Bridge connects Knight's Key (where the city of Marathon is located in the Middle Keys) to Little Duck Key in the Lower Keys. Almost true to its name, the piling-supported concrete bridge is 35,862 ft or 6.79 miles (10.93 km) long. The current bridge bypasses Pigeon Key, a small island that an older bridge crossed (a section of the old bridge remains for access to the island). This is a list of the worlds bridges sorted by their full length above land or water. ... The Seven Mile Bridge, in the Florida Keys, runs over a channel between the Gulf of Mexico and the Florida Strait, connecting Key Vaca (the location of the city of Marathon, Florida) in the Middle Keys to Little Duck Key in the Lower Keys. ... Knights Key is an island in the middle Florida Keys. ... Marathon is a city on Marathon Key and Boot Key, islands in the Florida Keys, located in Monroe County, Florida. ... Little Duck Key is a small island in the lower Florida Keys. ... Pigeon Key is a small island in the middle Florida Keys. ...


After the destruction of the Keys railway by the Labor Day Hurricane of 1935, the railroad bridges, including the Seven Mile Bridge, were converted to automobile roadways. U.S. Route 1 runs the length of the Keys and up the East Coast to Maine; the Keys section is also called the Overseas Highway. Lowest pressure 892 mbar (hPa)[1] Damages $6 million+ (1935 dollars) $82 million+ (2005 dollars) Fatalities 408 - 600 direct Areas affected Bahamas, Florida Keys, Florida Panhandle, Alabama, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina Part of the 1935 Atlantic hurricane season The Labor Day Hurricane was a very compact, intense hurricane that... This U.S. Highway article needs to be cleaned up to conform to both a higher standard of article quality and accepted design standards outlined in the WikiProject U.S. Highways. ... Official language(s) None (English de facto; French is also an administrative language) Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 39th  - Total 33,414 sq mi (86,542 km²)  - Width 210 miles (338 km)  - Length 320 miles (515 km)  - % water 13. ... The Matecumbe Keys toll booth on June 21, 1938. ...


Conch Republic

Main article: Conch Republic

In 1982, the United States Border Patrol had established a roadblock and inspection points on US Highway 1, stopping all northbound traffic returning to the mainland at Florida City, to search vehicles for illegal drugs and illegal immigrants. The Key West City Council repeatedly complained about the roadblocks, which were a major inconvenience for people traveling from Key West, and hurt the Keys' important tourism industry. The Conch Republic is a micronation declared as a tongue-in-cheek protest secession of Key West from the United States on April 23, 1982. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Florida City is a city in Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States. ...


After various unsuccessful complaints and attempts to get a legal injunction against the blockade failed in federal court in Miami, on 23 April 1982 Key West mayor Dennis Wardlow and the city council declared the independence of the Keys, calling it the "Conch Republic". After one minute of secession, he (as "Prime Minister") surrendered to an officer of the Key West Naval Air Station (NAS), and requested one billion ($1,000,000,000) dollars in "foreign aid". This article is about the city in Florida. ... April 23 is the 113th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (114th in leap years). ... 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Dennis Wardlow was the Mayor of Key West during its secession from the United States to Conch Republic. ... The Conch Republic is a micronation declared as a tongue-in-cheek protest secession of Key West from the United States on April 23, 1982. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Development aid. ...


The stunt succeeded in generating great publicity for the Keys' plight, and the inspection station roadblock was removed. It also provided a new source of revenue for the Keys, and the Conch Republic has participated in later protests.


Environment

The Keys are in the subtropics between 24 and 25 degrees north latitude. The climate and environment are closer to that of the Caribbean than the rest of Florida, though unlike the Caribbean's volcanic islands, the Keys were built by plants and animals.


The Upper Keys islands are remnants of large coral reefs, which became fossilized and exposed as sea level declined. The Lower Keys are composed of sandy-type accumulations of limestone grains produced by plants and marine organisms.


The natural habitats of the Keys are upland forests, inland wetlands and shoreline zones. Soil ranges from sand to marl to rich, decomposed leaf litter. In some places, "caprock" (the eroded surface of coral formations) covers the ground. Rain falling through leaf debris becomes acidic and dissolves holes in the limestone, where soil accumulates and tree roots find purchase.


The climate is considered to be tropical wet-and-dry (Koppen climate classification Aw)[2], and the Keys are the only frost-free place in Florida. There are two main "seasons": hot, wet, and humid from about June through October, and somewhat drier and cooler weather from November through May. Many plants grow slowly or go dormant in the dry season. Some native trees are deciduous, and drop their leaves in the winter or with spring winds. A tropical climate is a type of climate typical in the tropics. ... The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems. ...


The Keys have distinctive plant and animals species, some found nowhere else in America, as the Keys define the northern extent of their ranges. The climate also allows many imported plants to thrive. Nearly any houseplant known to commerce, and most landscape plants of the South, can thrive in the Keys climate. Some exotic species which arrived as landscape plants now invade and threaten natural areas.


Some plants that seem to define the Keys are not native, including coconut palm, bougainvillea, hibiscus, and papaya.


The well-known and very sour Key lime (or Mexican lime) is a naturalized species, apparently introduced from the Yucatán Peninsula of Mexico, where it had previously been introduced from Malaysia by explorers from Spain. The tree grows vigorously and has thorns, and produces golf-ball-size yellow fruit which is particularly acidic (even in highly alkaline coral sand soil) and uniquely fragrant. Naturally, Key lime pie was invented here as well. Binomial name Citrus aurantifolia (Christm. ... In biology, naturalisation is the process when foreign or cultivated plants have spread into the wild, where they multiply by natural regeneration. ... The Yucatán peninsula as seen from space The Yucatán Peninsula separates the Caribbean Sea from the Gulf of Mexico. ... Acidity redirects here. ... The common (Arrhenius) definition of a base is a chemical compound that either donates hydroxide ions or absorbs hydrogen ions when dissolved in water. ... Key lime pie Key lime pie is a dessert made of key lime juice, eggs, condensed milk and sugar in a pre-baked pie or unbaked graham cracker crust. ...


The Keys are also home to unique animal species, including the Key deer, protected by the National Key Deer Refuge, and the American crocodile. About 70 miles (110 km) west of Key West is Dry Tortugas National Park, one of the most isolated and therefore well-preserved in the world. The name derives from the fact that when Spanish explorers arrived no fresh water could be found, and the small hump-shaped islands look like tortoise (tortuga in Spanish) shells from a distance. ... The National Key Deer Refuge is a 8,542 acre National Wildlife Refuge located on Big Pine Key and No Name Key in the Florida Keys in Monroe County, Florida. ... For other uses, see Crocodile (disambiguation). ... Dry Tortugas National Park preserves Fort Jefferson and the Dry Tortugas section of the Florida Keys. ...


The waters surrounding the Keys are part of a protected area known as the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary. Florida Keys NMS The Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary is a U.S. National Marine Sanctuary in the Florida Keys. ...


Tropical cyclones

The Keys are regularly threatened by tropical storms and hurricanes, leading to evacuations to the mainland. Untouched for many years, a carefree attitude led many residents to view "mandatory" evacuations as "voluntary" and "voluntary" evacuation orders as nothing at all. The attitude proved dangerous when Hurricane Georges (pronounced zhorzh in French), after tearing up much of the Caribbean, caused damage and extensive flooding in the Lower Keys in 1998, before making landfall in Mississippi. In 2005, Hurricanes Katrina, Wilma, and Rita affected the Keys, causing widespread damage and flooding. This article is about weather phenomena. ... This article is about weather phenomena. ... Lowest pressure 937 mbar (hPa) Damage $5. ... West Indian redirects here. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean [1]. // Coated in ice, power and telephone lines sag and often break, resulting in power outages. ... Landfall has two meanings: Landfall, Minnesota the place or time at which a hurricane or waterspout, or even a boat hits land Landfall is also the title of New Zealands most important literary journal. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Lowest pressure 902 mbar (hPa; 26. ... Lowest pressure 882 mbar (hPa) (Lowest pressure ever recorded in an Atlantic hurricane) Damage $28. ... Lowest pressure 895 mbar (hPa)[1] Damages $10 billion (2005 USD)[1] Fatalities 7 direct, 113 indirect Areas affected Bahamas, Florida, Cuba, Yucatán Peninsula, Louisiana, Texas, Mississippi, Arkansas Part of the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season Hurricane Rita is the fourth-most intense Atlantic hurricane ever recorded and the most...


Tropical cyclones present special dangers and challenges to the entire Keys. Because no area of the islands is more than 20 feet above sea level (and many are only a few feet elevation), and water surrounds the islands, nearly every neighborhood is subject to devastating flooding as well as hurricane winds. In response, many homes in the Keys are built on concrete stilts with the first floor being not legally habitable and enclosed by breakaway walls that are not strongly attached to the rest of the house. Nonetheless, Monroe county, as reported in the Federal Register, has estimated that there are between 8,000 and 12,000 illegal enclosures inhabited by people [3].


Because of the threat from storm surge, evacuations are routinely ordered when the National Weather Service issues a hurricane watch or warning, and are sometimes ordered for a tropical storm warning. Evacuation of the Keys depends on causeways and the two-lane highway to the mainland. Time estimates for evacuating the entire Keys range from 12 to 24 hours. Evacuation estimates are significant in emergency planning, of course, but also because they are a factor in local and state regulations for controlling development. The building permit allocation was increased in 2005 when local governments reduced estimates for evacuation. The National Weather Service (NWS) is one of the six scientific agencies that make up the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) of the United States government. ...


In the active hurricane seasons of 2004 and 2005, the Keys were under mandatory evacuation orders several times. In August, 2004, Hurricane Charley passed about 70 miles west of Key West, bringing tropical storm winds to the lower keys. The lower keys were evacuated in preparation for Hurricane Ivan in September, 2004 and Hurricane Dennis in July, 2005, but neither hurricane came close enough to the Keys to do much damage. Hurricane Katrina, which went on to devastate parts of Louisiana and Mississippi, moved through south Florida in August, 2005 and tracked southwest past Key West, causing minor damage and flooding. Hurricane Rita, which went on to destroy parts of Louisiana and Texas, grew from a tropical storm to a Category 2 hurricane as it moved westward from the Bahamas, passing south of Key West and causing damage and surge flooding as far north as Key Largo. In October, 2005, Hurricane Wilma became the most devastating hurricane to hit the Keys in decades when it passed just northwest of Key West. The city was left under 3 to 6 feet (1 to 2 metres) of water from the storm surge, and major flooding was reported throughout the Keys up to Key Largo. Lowest pressure 941 mbar (hPa) Damage $16 billion (2004 USD) $16. ... Map of Key West Key West is a city located in Monroe County, Florida. ... Lowest pressure 910 mbar (hPa) Damage $19. ... Lowest pressure 902 mbar (hPa; 26. ... Lowest pressure 895 mbar (hPa)[1] Damages $10 billion (2005 USD)[1] Fatalities 7 direct, 113 indirect Areas affected Bahamas, Florida, Cuba, Yucatán Peninsula, Louisiana, Texas, Mississippi, Arkansas Part of the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season Hurricane Rita is the fourth-most intense Atlantic hurricane ever recorded and the most... Lowest pressure 882 mbar (hPa) (Lowest pressure ever recorded in an Atlantic hurricane) Damage $28. ... Map of Key West Key West is a city located in Monroe County, Florida. ... Key Largo is an island in the upper Florida Keys archipelago and, at 33 miles long, the largest of Keys. ...


Culture and recreation

The "hurricane bravado" is part of the Keys' laid-back atmosphere, as is the somewhat separatist "Conch Republic" attitude. Life is easygoing, with the major industries being tourism and fishing. Ecotourism is also part of this, with many visitors scuba diving in the area's protected waters. A new ferry now takes riders between Key West and Fort Myers, due north on the mainland, along the western edge of Florida Bay. The Conch Republic is a micronation declared as a tongue-in-cheek protest secession of Key West from the United States on April 23, 1982. ... Ecotourism means ecological tourism, where ecological has both environmental and social connotations. ... Scuba divers exploring fish and coral. ... Fort Myers is the county seatGR6 and commercial center of Lee County, Florida. ...


Key West has long been noted as a gay vacation destination, and is home to the United States' first Gay and Lesbian Chamber of Commerce.


Notes

  1. ^ http://www.keysso.net/patrol_ops/jurisdic/sectorone.htm
  2. ^ Köppen Climate Classification Map: South Florida=Aw=tropical wet & dry
  3. ^ "Federal resister" ("english") "39276-39578". "United States Government" ("27").

Other references

  • Jeff, Ripple (1995). The Florida Keys: the Natural Wonders of an Island Paradise, Photographs by Bill Keogh, Stillwater, Minnesota: Voyageur Press. ISBN 0-89658-262-0.
  • Jason Project The Story of Water Movement and Land Formation - accessed January 28, 2006

A Stillwater city limit sign Stillwater is a city located in Washington County, Minnesota (coordinates, 45. ... January 28 is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Florida Keys
  • A Gazetteer of the Florida Keys
  • Florida Keys travel guide from Wikitravel
  • City of Key West
  • History of the Conch Republic
  • National Park Service: Dry Tortugas
  • NOAA Marine Sanctuary


Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ...

Florida Keys
Biscayne National Park Soldier Key, Ragged Keys, Boca Chita Key, Sands Key, Elliott Key, Adams Key, Old Rhodes Key, City of Islandia
Upper keys Key Largo (island), North Key Largo (CDP), Key Largo (CDP), Tavernier (CDP), Plantation Key (island), Plantation Key (former CDP), Windley Key, Upper Matecumbe Key, Indian Key, Lignumvitae Key, Lower Matecumbe Key, Village of Islamorada
Middle keys Craig Key, Fiesta Key, Long Key, City of Layton, Conch Key, Duck Key (CDP), Grassy Key, Crawl Key, Long Point Key, Fat Deer Key, Key Vaca, City of Marathon, City of Key Colony Beach, Boot Key, Knight's Key, Pigeon Key
Lower keys Little Duck Key, Missouri Key, Ohio Key, Sunshine Key, Bahia Honda Key, Spanish Harbor Key, West Summerland Key, No Name Key, Big Pine Key (CDP), Little Torch Key, Middle Torch Key, Big Torch Key, Ramrod Key, Summerland Key, Knockemdown Key, Cudjoe Key (CDP), Sugarloaf Key, Park Key, Lower Sugarloaf Key, Saddlebunch Keys, Shark Key, Geiger Key, Big Coppitt Key (CDP), East Rockland Key, Rockland Key, Boca Chica Key, Key Haven, Stock Island (CDP), Key West, Sigsbee Park, Fleming Key, Sunset Key, Wisteria Island
Outlying islands Mule Keys, Ballast Key, Marquesas Keys, Dry Tortugas, Tortugas Bank
Areas Florida Bay, Dry Tortugas National Park, Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary, National Key Deer Sanctuary, John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park, Biscayne Bay, Biscayne National Park, Key West National Wildlife Refuge, Great White Heron National Wildlife Refuge, Crocodile Lake National Wildlife Refuge
Other topics Monroe County, Conch Republic, Overseas Highway, Overseas Railroad, Card Sound Bridge, Seven Mile Bridge, Bahia Honda Bridge, Theater of the Sea, Hurricane Wilma, Labor Day Hurricane of 1935, Key Deer, Ocean Reef Club, Key lime pie, Florida Keys Keynoter, Key West Citizen
State of Florida
Tallahassee (capital)
Topics

Government | History | Floridians | Transportation | State Parks Biscayne National Park is a U.S. National Park located in southern Florida, due east of Homestead, FL. The park preserves Biscayne Bay, one of the top scuba diving areas in the United States. ... Soldier Key is an island north of the upper Florida Keys. ... Ragged Keys are small islands north of the upper Florida Keys. ... Boca Chita Key is an island north of the upper Florida Keys. ... Sands Key is an island north of the upper Florida Keys. ... Elliott Key is the northernmost of the true Florida Keys (those keys which are ancient coral reefs lifted above the present sea level), and the largest key north of Key Largo (island). ... Adams Key is an island north of the upper Florida Keys in Biscayne National Park. ... Old Rhodes Key is an island north of the upper Florida Keys in Biscayne National Park. ... Islandia is a city located in Miami-Dade County, Florida. ... Key Largo is an island in the upper Florida Keys archipelago and, at 33 miles long, the largest of Keys. ... North Key Largo is a census-designated place located in Monroe County, Florida. ... A census-designated place (CDP) is an area identified by the United States Census Bureau for statistical reporting. ... Key Largo is a census-designated place and town located in Monroe County, Florida, located on an island of the same name in the upper Florida Keys. ... A census-designated place (CDP) is an area identified by the United States Census Bureau for statistical reporting. ... Tavernier is a census-designated place and town located in Monroe County, Florida, on an island named Plantation Key in the Florida Keys. ... A census-designated place (CDP) is an area identified by the United States Census Bureau for statistical reporting. ... Plantation Key is an island in Monroe County, Florida, United States. ... Plantation Key, Florida, also known as Plantation, Florida (not to be confused with the city of Plantation in Broward County or the populated place of Plantation in Sarasota), was a populated place on Plantation Key in the Florida Keys, in Monroe County. ... A census-designated place (CDP) is an area identified by the United States Census Bureau for statistical reporting. ... Windley Key is an island in Monroe County, Florida, United States. ... Upper Matecumbe Key is an island in the upper Florida Keys. ... Indian Key State Historic Site is an island within the Florida State Park system located just a few hundred yards to the east of the Florida Keys. ... Lignumvitae Key is an island in the upper Florida Keys. ... An island in the Florida Keys, Lower Matecumbe Key is in the part of the island chain referred to as the Upper Keys. ... Islamorada, Village of Islands is an incorporated village in Monroe County, Florida, on the islands of Lower Matecumbe Key, Upper Matecumbe Key, Windley Key and Plantation Key in the Florida Keys. ... Craig Key is an island in the middle Florida Keys. ... Fiesta Key is an island in the middle Florida Keys. ... Long Key is the home of Long Key State Park, a favorite of campers and nature lovers. ... Layton is a city located in Monroe County, Florida. ... Conch Key is an island in the middle Florida Keys. ... Duck Key is a census-designated place and town located in Monroe County, Florida, on an island of the same name in the Florida Keys. ... A census-designated place (CDP) is an area identified by the United States Census Bureau for statistical reporting. ... Grassy Key, Florida is the northernmost island in a chain of islands collectively known as Marathon, Florida. ... Crawl Key is an island in the middle Florida Keys. ... Long Point Key is an island in the middle Florida Keys. ... Fat Deer Key is an island in the middle Florida Keys. ... Key Vaca is located in Monroe County, Florida. ... Marathon is a city on Marathon Key and Boot Key, islands in the Florida Keys, located in Monroe County, Florida. ... Key Colony Beach is a city located in Monroe County, Florida. ... Boot Key is an island located adjacent to Marathon, Florida, USA. The island is largely undeveloped despite having a bridge to Marathon. ... Knights Key is an island in the middle Florida Keys. ... Pigeon Key is a small island in the middle Florida Keys. ... Little Duck Key is a small island in the lower Florida Keys. ... Missouri Key is a small island in the lower Florida Keys. ... Ohio Key is an island in the lower Florida Keys. ... Ohio Key is an island in the lower Florida Keys. ... Beach at Bahia Honda, Florida Keys, looking east Bahia Honda (meaning deep bay, in Spanish), is an island in the lower Florida Keys. ... Spanish Harbor Key is an island in the lower Florida Keys. ... West Summerland Key is part of the lower Florida Keys. ... No Name Key is located in the Lower Keys. ... Big Pine Key is a census-designated place and town located in Monroe County, Florida, on an island of the same name in the Florida Keys. ... A census-designated place (CDP) is an area identified by the United States Census Bureau for statistical reporting. ... Little Torch Key is a small island, one of the Florida Keys. ... Middle Torch Key is an island in the lower Florida Keys. ... Big Torch Key is an island in the lower Florida Keys. ... Ramrod Key is an island in the lower Florida Keys. ... Summerland Key is an island in the lower Florida Keys approximately 20 miles east of Key West. ... Knockemdown Key is an island in the lower Florida Keys approximately 20 miles east of Key West. ... Cudjoe Key is a census-designated place and town located in Monroe County, Florida, on an island of the same name in the Florida Keys. ... A census-designated place (CDP) is an area identified by the United States Census Bureau for statistical reporting. ... Sugarloaf Key is one of the larger islands in the lower Florida Keys, from mile markers 20 to 17. ... Park Key is a very small uninhabited island in the lower Florida Keys about 14 miles east of Key West. ... Lower Sugarloaf Key is an island in the lower Florida Keys about 13 miles east of Key West. ... The Saddlebunch Keys are a series of salt marsh islands about 7 miles east of Key West, Florida. ... Shark Key is an island in the lower Florida Keys about 7 miles east of Key West. ... Geiger Key is an island in the lower Florida Keys about 5 miles east of Key West. ... Big Coppitt Key is a census-designated place and town located in island of the same name in the Florida Keys. ... A census-designated place (CDP) is an area identified by the United States Census Bureau for statistical reporting. ... East Rockland Key is an island in the lower Florida Keys about 4 miles east of Key West. ... Rockland Key is an island in the lower Florida Keys about 4 miles east of Key West. ... Boca Chica Key is an island in the Florida Keys approximately 3 miles east of the island of Key West. ... Originally named Racoon Key, Key Haven is an island in the Florida Keys about a mile east of Key West. ... Stock Island is a census-designated place located in Monroe County, Florida. ... A census-designated place (CDP) is an area identified by the United States Census Bureau for statistical reporting. ... Nickname: The Conch Republic, Southernmost City In The Continental United States Coordinates: Country United States State Florida County Monroe Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Morgan McPherson Area  - City  7. ... Sigsbee Park, also known as Dredgers Key, is an island about a half mile north of Key West, Florida in the lower Florida Keys. ... Fleming Key is an island off the northwest corner of the island of Key West, Florida in the lower Florida Keys. ... Sunset Key is a 27-acre exclusive resort island off the coast of Key West, Florida. ... Wisteria Island in the lower Florida Keys, about 600 yards northwest of downtown Key West, Florida. ... The Mule Keys is a group of scattered islets between 3 and 12 miles (5-20 km) west of Key West, separated from it by Northwest Channel. ... Ballast Key, Florida (24° 31′ 15″ N 81° 57′ 49″ W), is the southernmost point in the continental United States. ... The Marquesas Keys are a small a group of islands about thirty miles west of Key West, Florida External links http://historicpreservation. ... Dry Tortugas overview map Dry Tortugas detail map Map of Garden Key with Fort Jefferson Fort Jefferson on Garden Key, from northeast The Dry Tortugas are a small group of islands, located at the end of the Florida Keys, USA, about 113 km west of Key West, and 60 km... The Tortugas Bank is the westernmost feature of the Florida Keys, but it is a submarine feature, wholly submerged, without any islands or above-water rocks. ... Florida Bay is the shallow bay located between the southern end of the Florida mainland (the Florida Everglades) and the Florida Keys. ... Dry Tortugas National Park preserves Fort Jefferson and the Dry Tortugas section of the Florida Keys. ... Florida Keys NMS The Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary is a U.S. National Marine Sanctuary in the Florida Keys. ... The National Key Deer Refuge is a 8,542 acre National Wildlife Refuge located on Big Pine Key and No Name Key in the Florida Keys in Monroe County, Florida. ... John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park is located on Key Largo in Florida, and includes approximately 70 nautical square miles of adjacent Atlantic Ocean waters. ... Biscayne Bay separates Miami on the mainland from Miami Beach on the barrier islands of the Atlantic Ocean coast of Florida. ... Biscayne National Park is a U.S. National Park located in southern Florida, due east of Homestead, FL. The park preserves Biscayne Bay, one of the top scuba diving areas in the United States. ... The Key West National Wildlife Refuge is a 189,497 acre (766. ... The Great White Heron National Wildlife Refuge is part of the United States National Wildlife Refuge System, located in a region known as the Backcountry, which reaches from north of Marathon to north of Key West. ... The Crocodile Lake National Wildlife Refuge is part of the United States National Wildlife Refuge System, located in north Key Largo, less than 40 miles south of Miami off SR 905 (Card Sound Road). ... Monroe County is a county located in the state of Florida. ... The Conch Republic is a micronation declared as a tongue-in-cheek protest secession of Key West from the United States on April 23, 1982. ... The Matecumbe Keys toll booth on June 21, 1938. ... Florida East Coast Railway train traveling on an Overseas Railroad (Key West Extension) railroad bridge. ... A major connection between mainland Florida and the Florida Keys, the current edition of Card Sound Bridge is a high-rise toll causeway connecting southern Miami-Dade County and northern Monroe County. ... The Seven Mile Bridge, in the Florida Keys, runs over a channel between the Gulf of Mexico and the Florida Strait, connecting Key Vaca (the location of the city of Marathon, Florida) in the Middle Keys to Little Duck Key in the Lower Keys. ... View of the Bahia Honda Bridge from Bahia Honda State Park. ... Since 1946, Theater of the Sea has been a tourist attraction located in Islamorada, Florida, a town and island in the Florida Keys. ... Lowest pressure 882 mbar (hPa) (Lowest pressure ever recorded in an Atlantic hurricane) Damage $28. ... Lowest pressure 892 mbar (hPa)[1] Damages $6 million+ (1935 dollars) $82 million+ (2005 dollars) Fatalities 408 - 600 direct Areas affected Bahamas, Florida Keys, Florida Panhandle, Alabama, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina Part of the 1935 Atlantic hurricane season The Labor Day Hurricane was a very compact, intense hurricane that... ... Key lime pie Key lime pie is a dessert made of key lime juice, eggs, condensed milk and sugar in a pre-baked pie or unbaked graham cracker crust. ... The Florida Keys Keynoter is a twice-weekly tabloid format newspaper owned by The McClatchy Company and is a sister newspaper to the Miami Herald. ... The Key West Citizen is a weekly newspaper published in Key West, Florida. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Florida. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties Libertarian Party State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... Official language(s) English Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Largest metro area Miami Area  Ranked 22nd  - Total 65,795[1] sq mi (170,304[1] km²)  - Width 361 miles (582 km)  - Length 447 miles (721 km)  - % water 17. ... Location in Leon County and the state of Florida. ... Independence Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, site of first U.S. capital. ... Five flags of Florida (not including the current State Flag of Florida). ... List of Famous Floridians // Actors/actresses Pat Boone Wayne Brady Delta Burke Diana Canova Faye Dunaway Stepin Fetchit Carrot Top, prop comedian Malcolm Gets Darrell Hammond Catherine Hickland Cheryl Hines Crystal Hunt Jonathan Jackson Catherine Keener Butterfly McQueen Jessica Morris Summer Phoenix Sidney Poitier Wesley Snipes Kirsten Storms Ben Vereen... The U.S. state of Florida has 158 state parks under the authority of the Florida State Parks system. ...

Regions

Big Bend | Central Florida | Emerald Coast | First Coast | Florida Keys | Florida Panhandle | Gold Coast | Nature Coast | North Central Florida | South Florida | Southwest Florida | Space Coast | Sun Coast | Tampa Bay Area | Treasure Coast This list of regions of the United States includes official (governmental) and non-official areas within the borders of the United States, not including U.S. states, the federal district of Washington, D.C. or standard subentities such as cities or counties. ... This map shows the counties that are often included in the Big Bend region of Florida. ... Central Florida is the central region of the United States state of Florida, on the East Coast. ... Emerald-green waters in Destin, FL, part of the Emerald Coast. Pensacola Beach, part of the Emerald Coast. The Emerald Coast (sometimes called the Emerald Riviera) is an area in the southeastern United States on the coast of the Gulf of Mexico, roughly bounded by Pensacola, Florida on the west... Location in the state of Florida Major cities Jacksonville Fernandina Beach St. ... The Florida Panhandle is the region of the state of Florida which includes the westernmost 16 counties in the state. ... The Gold Coast is a region of the U.S. state of Florida that runs along the southeastern coast of the state between Palm Beach and Miami. ... Image:Map of Florida Nature Coast. ... North Central Florida is a region of the U.S. state of Florida. ... The South Florida metropolitan area is an informal name for the Miami–Fort Lauderdale–Miami Beach[1] metropolitan area. ... Map of Southwest Florida Southwest Florida is a region of Florida located along its gulf coast, south of the Tampa Bay area, west of Lake Okeechobee and mostly north of the Everglades. ... The Space Coast is a region in the U.S. state of Florida around Kennedy Space Center, where NASA frequently launches rockets and shuttles into space. ... The Florida Suncoast is a colloquial name for the west-central and southwest peninsular Florida coastal area between Tarpon Springs to the north, and Naples to the south, and includes the Tampa Bay area. ... The Tampa Bay area is a metropolitan area on the Gulf coast of west-central Florida. ... Map of the Treasure Coast in Florida. ...

Largest cities

Boca Raton | Boynton Beach | Bradenton | Brandon | Cape Coral | Clearwater | Coral Springs | Davie | Daytona Beach | Deerfield Beach | Delray Beach | Deltona | Fort Lauderdale | Fort Myers | Fountainbleau | Gainesville | Hialeah | Hollywood | Jacksonville | Kendale Lakes | Kendall | Kissimmee | Lakeland | Largo | Lauderhill | Margate | Melbourne | Miami | Miami Beach | Miami Gardens | Miramar | North Miami | Orlando | Palm Bay | Palm Coast | Palm Harbor | Pembroke Pines | Pensacola | Plantation | Pompano Beach | Port Orange | Port St. Lucie | St. Petersburg | Sarasota | Spring Hill | Sunrise | Tallahassee | Tamarac | Tamiami | Tampa | Town 'n' Country | Wellington | Weston | West Palm Beach The following is a list of incorporated cities in Florida. ... Nickname: A City for All Seasons Coordinates: Country United States State Florida County Palm Beach Founded 1925 Government Type Commission-Manager  - Mayor Steven L. Abrams Area    - City  29. ... Boynton Beach is a city located in Palm Beach County, Florida. ... Bradenton is a city of around 75,000 people in Manatee County, Florida, United States. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Motto: Nickname: Founded 1965 Incorporated 1970 County Lee County Borough {{{borough}}} Parrish {{{parrish}}} Mayor Area  - Total  - Water 298. ... 1st incorporation date 1891 2nd Incorporation date 1915 Zip Codes 33755-65 County Pinellas (county seat) Mayor Frank Hibbard Population  - City (2005)  - Tampa Bay Metro   108,687 2,600,000 (estimate) Time zone Eastern: UTC-5 Latitude Longitude 27°58 N 82°46 W City of Clearwaters Official Website... Coordinates: Country United States State Florida County Broward Government  - Type Commission-Manager  - Mayor Scott J. Brook Area  - City  24. ... Davie is a town located in Broward County, Florida, USA. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 75,720. ... Daytona Beach in 2005 Daytona Beach is a city in Volusia County, Florida, USA. As of 2004, the population estimates recorded by the U.S. Census Bureau is 64,422. ... Deerfield Beach is a city located in Broward County, Florida, USA. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 64,583. ... Delray Beach is a city in Palm Beach County, Florida, USA. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 60,020. ... Deltona is a city located in southwestern Volusia County, Florida. ... Nickname: Venice of America Coordinates: Country United States State Florida County Broward Established 27 March 1911 Government  - Type Commission-Manager  - Mayor Jim Naugle Area  - City  36. ... Fort Myers is the county seatGR6 and commercial center of Lee County, Florida. ... Fountainbleau is a census-designated place located in Miami-Dade County, Florida. ... Downtown Clock Tower, housing the restored clock bell from the 1885 courthouse Gainesville is the largest city and county seat of Alachua County, Florida. ... Nickname: The City of Progress Location in Miami-Dade County and the state of Florida. ... Diamond of the Gold Coast Location of Hollywood in Broward County, Florida. ... Motto: Where Florida Begins Location in the state of Florida Coordinates: Country United States State Florida County Duval  - Mayor John Peyton (R) Area    - City  885 sq mi (2,264. ... Kendale Lakes is a census-designated place located in Miami-Dade County, Florida. ... Kendall is a census-designated place and an unincorporated suburban community in Miami-Dade County, Florida, on the edge of the Florida Everglades. ... Kissimmee is a city in Osceola County, Florida, United States. ... Lakeland is a city in Polk County, Florida, United States, located approximately midway between Tampa and Orlando along Interstate 4. ... // Largo, Florida Cultural Center Largo is the third largest city in Pinellas County, Florida, USA and is part of the Tampa Bay Area. ... Lauderhill is a city located in Broward County, Florida. ... Location of Margate in Broward County in State of Florida Margate is a city in Broward County, Florida and considered a suburb of Fort Lauderdale while also making up part of the South Florida metropolitan area. ... Melbourne is a city in Brevard County, Florida, United States. ... Nickname: The Magic City Location in Miami-Dade County and the state of Florida. ... Location in Miami-Dade and the state of Florida. ... Location of Miami Gardens in Miami-Dade County, Florida. ... Miramar is a city in Broward County, Florida, United States. ... North Miami is a city located in northeast Miami-Dade County, Florida. ... Nickname: The City Beautiful, O-Town, 407 Location in Orange County and the state of Florida. ... Palm Bay is a city in Brevard County, Florida, United States. ... Palm Coast is a city located in Flagler County, Florida. ... Palm Harbor is a census-designated place and an unincorporated community in Pinellas County, Florida, United States. ... {{{city_nickname}}} Location of Pembroke Pines in Broward County, Florida. ... Nickname: The City of Five Flags Location of Pensacola (top left) in Florida Country United States State Florida County Escambia  - Mayor John Fogg Area    - City 39. ... The Grass is Greener Location of Plantation in Broward County, Florida. ... Location of Pompano Beach in Broward County, Florida. ... Port Orange is a city located in Volusia County, Florida. ... Port St. ... Nickname: Floridas Sunshine City Location of the city proper in the state of Florida Coordinates: Country United States State Florida County Pinellas County Founded 1876 Incorporated February 29, 1892  - Mayor Rick Baker Area    - City  133. ... Cà dZan - a 1925 Sarasota residence that is listed on the National Register of Historic Places Sarasota is a city in the central west coast of Florida, USA. Sarasota Bay and several barrier islands facing the Gulf of Mexico are within its city limits. ... Spring Hill is a census-designated place (CDP) in Hernando County, Florida, United States. ... Sunrise is a city located in Broward County, Florida. ... Location in Leon County and the state of Florida. ... Tamarac is a city located in Broward County, Florida. ... Tamiami is a census-designated place located in Miami-Dade County, Florida. ... Nickname: Cigar City, The Big Guava Location in Hillsborough County and the state of Florida. ... Town n Country is an unincorporated community and a census-designated place located in Hillsborough County, Florida, just north of Tampa Bay. ... Wellington is a village in Palm Beach County, Florida, United States. ... Weston is a city located in Broward County, Florida, USA. Established as a city in 1996, much of the community was developed by Arvida/JMB Partners and is located near the western developmental boundary of Broward County. ... Nickname: WPB, West Palm, The 561, Dub City Location in Palm Beach County and the state of Florida. ...

Counties

Alachua | Baker | Bay | Bradford | Brevard | Broward | Calhoun | Charlotte | Citrus | Clay | Collier | Columbia | DeSoto | Dixie | Duval | Escambia | Flagler | Franklin | Gadsden | Gilchrist | Glades | Gulf | Hamilton | Hardee | Hendry | Hernando | Highlands | Hillsborough | Holmes | Indian River | Jackson | Jefferson | Lafayette | Lake | Lee | Leon | Levy | Liberty | Madison | Manatee | Marion | Martin | Miami‑Dade | Monroe | Nassau | Okaloosa | Okeechobee | Orange | Osceola | Palm Beach | Pasco | Pinellas | Polk | Putnam | Santa Rosa | Sarasota | Seminole | St. Johns | St. Lucie | Sumter | Suwannee | Taylor | Union | Volusia | Wakulla | Walton | Washington Following is a list of counties in Florida. ... Alachua County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. ... Century GothicCentury Gothic Baker County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. ... Bay County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. ... Bradford County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. ... Location in the state of Florida Formed 1844 Seat Titusville Area  - Total  - Water 4,032 km² (1,557 mi²) 1,395 km² (539 mi²) 34. ... Broward County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. ... Calhoun County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. ... Charlotte County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. ... Citrus County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. ... Clay County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. ... Location in the state of Florida Formed 8 May 1923 Seat Naples Area  - Total  - Water 5,970 km² (2,305 mi²) 724 km² (280 mi²) 12. ... DeSoto County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. ... Dixie County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. ... Duval County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. ... Escambia County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. ... Flagler County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. ... Franklin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. ... Gadsden County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. ... Gilchrist County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. ... Glades County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. ... Gulf County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. ... Hamilton County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. ... Hardee County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. ... Hendry County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. ... Hernando County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. ... Highlands County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. ... Hillsborough County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. ... Holmes County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. ... Indian River County Courthouse in Vero Beach Indian River County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. ... Jackson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. ... Jefferson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. ... Lafayette County is a county located in the state of Florida. ... Lake County is a county located in the state of Florida, United States. ... Lee County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. ... Leon County is a county located in the state of Florida. ... Levy County is a county located in the state of Florida. ... Liberty County is a county located in the state of Florida. ... Madison County is a county located in the state of Florida. ... Manatee County is a county located in the state of Florida. ... Marion County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. ... Martin County is a county located in the state of Florida. ... Miami-Dade County (formerly known as Dade County) is a county located in the southeastern part of the state of Florida. ... Monroe County is a county located in the state of Florida. ... Nassau County is a county located in the state of Florida. ... Okaloosa County is a county located in the state of Florida. ... Okeechobee County is a county located in the state of Florida. ... Official website: http://www. ... Osceola County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. ... Palm Beach County is a county located in the state of Florida. ... Pasco County is a county located in the state of Florida. ... Pinellas County is a county located in the state of Florida. ... Polk County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. ... Putnam County is a county located in the state of Florida. ... Santa Rosa County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. ... Sarasota County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. ... 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Florida Keys - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2362 words)
The islands lie along the Florida Straits, dividing the Atlantic Ocean to the east from the Gulf of Mexico to the west, and defining one edge of Florida Bay.
The city of Key West is the county seat of Monroe County, which consists of a section on the mainland that is almost entirely in Everglades National Park, and the Keys islands from Key Largo to the Dry Tortugas.
The limestone that eroded from the reef formed oolites in the shallow sea behind the reef, and together with the skeletal remains of bryozoans, formed the Miami limestone that is the current surface bedrock of the lower Florida peninsula and the lower keys from Big Pine Key to Key West.
1919 Florida Keys Hurricane - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (323 words)
The Florida Keys Hurricane or Atlantic Gulf Hurricane of 1919 was an intense Atlantic hurricane, killing over 600 people as it moved through the Florida Keys and Texas.
The storm's center grazed the Florida Keys on September 9 as a Category 4 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale.
It was the most intense hurricane to strike Key West in the 20th century.
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