FACTOID # 7: The top five best educated states are all in the Northeast.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Florida" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Florida
State of Florida
Flag of Florida
Flag of Florida Seal
Nickname(s): The Sunshine State
Motto(s): In God We Trust
Official language(s) English
Capital Tallahassee
Largest city Jacksonville
Largest metro area Miami metropolitan area
Area  Ranked 22nd
 - Total 65,795[1] sq mi
(170,304[1] km²)
 - Width 361 miles (582 km)
 - Length 447 miles (721 km)
 - % water 17.9
 - Latitude 24°27′ N to 31° N
 - Longitude 80°02′ W to 87°38′ W
Population  Ranked 4th
 - Total 15,982,378
 - Density 309/sq mi 
117.3/km² (8th)
 - Median income  $41,171 (36th)
Elevation  
 - Highest point Britton Hill[2]
345 ft  (105 m)
 - Mean 98 ft  (30 m)
 - Lowest point Atlantic Ocean[2]
0 ft  (0 m)
Admission to Union  March 3, 1845 (27th)
Governor Charlie Crist (R)
U.S. Senators Bill Nelson (D)
Mel Martinez (R)
Congressional Delegation List
Time zones  
 - peninsula Eastern: UTC-5/DST-4
 - panhandle Central: UTC-6/DST-5
Abbreviations Fla., FL, US-FL
Web site www.myflorida.com
Florida map, with major roads/cities.
The beach at Bahia Honda in the Florida Keys.
The beach at Bahia Honda in the Florida Keys.
Bernard Picart copper plate engraving of Florida Indians, Circa 1721 "Cérémonies et Coutumes Religieuses de tous les Peuples du Monde" (Private Collection of L.S. Morgan, St. Augustine Beach, Florida)

The State of Florida (IPA: /ˈflɒrɪdə/) is located in the southeastern region of the United States. Most of the state is a large peninsula with the Gulf of Mexico on its west and the Atlantic Ocean on its east. Much of the state has a humid subtropical climate, except for southern Florida, where the climate is tropical.[3] Florida was named by Juan Ponce de León, who landed on the peninsula on 2 April 1513, during Pascua Florida (Spanish for "Flowery Easter," referring to the Easter season). Florida is the 4th most populated state in the country, behind California (1st), Texas (2nd) and New York (3rd).[4] Places named Florida include: Florida is the 27th constituent state of the United States. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Florida. ... Image File history File links Florida_state_seal. ... The flag of Florida The flag of Florida consists of a red saltire (diagonal cross) on a white background, with the seal of Florida superimposed on the center. ... The Great Seal of the State of Florida The Great Seal of the State of Florida is used to represent the Government of the State of Florida, and for various official purposes, such as to seal official documents and legislation. ... This is a list of U.S. state nicknames -- both official and traditional (official state nicknames are in bold). ... Here is a list of state mottos for the states of the United States. ... For other uses, see In God We Trust (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Map_of_USA_FL.svg‎ File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Florida ... // Although the United States currently has no official language, it is largely monolingual with English being the de facto national language. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Independence Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, site of first U.S. capital. ... Location in Leon County and the state of Florida Coordinates: , Country State County Leon Government  - Mayor John Marks Area  - City 254. ... “Jacksonville” redirects here. ... In the United States, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has produced a formal definition of metropolitan areas. ... The Miami Urbanized Area stretches along the Atlantic Coast for most of the length of the Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach Metropolitan Area, but is confined to a relatively narrow area between the coast and the Everglades. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... This is a complete list of the states of the United States ordered by total area, land area, and water area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A kilometer (Commonwealth spelling: kilometre), symbol: km is a unit of length in the metric system equal to 1,000 metres (from the Greek words χίλια (khilia) = thousand and μέτρο (metro) = count/measure). ... Map of states populations (2006) This is a list of states of the United States by population (with inhabited non-state jurisdictions included for comparison) as of July 1, 2006, according to the 2005 estimates of the United States Census Bureau. ... Map of states showing population density This is a list of the 50 U.S. states, ordered by population density. ... For information on the income of individuals, see Personal income in the United States. ... This is a list of United States states by elevation. ... Florida High Point Marker. ... The order which the original 13 states ratified the constitution, then the order that the others were admitted to the union This is a list of U.S. states by date of statehood, that is, the date when each U.S. state joined the Union. ... is the 62nd day of the year (63rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1845 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... For other uses, see Governor (disambiguation). ... Charles Joseph (Charlie) Crist, Jr. ... Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... Clarence William Bill Nelson (born September 29, 1942) is the senior U.S. Senator from Florida. ... Melquíades Rafael Mel Martínez (born October 23, 1946) is a Cuban-American, who is currently the junior United States Senator from Florida and the General Chairman of the Republican Party. ... Type Bicameral Houses Senate House of Representatives President of the Senate President pro tempore Dick Cheney, (R) since January 20, 2001 Robert C. Byrd, (D) since January 4, 2007 Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Members 535 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political... These are tables of congressional delegations from Florida to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... Map of U.S. time zones with new CST and EST areas displayed This is a list of United States of America States by time zone. ... Eastern Standard Time redirects here. ... “UTC” redirects here. ... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... The Florida Panhandle is the region of the state of Florida which includes the westernmost 16 counties in the state. ...  CST or UTC-6 The Central Time Zone observes standard time by subtracting six hours from UTC during standard time (UTC-6) and five hours during daylight saving time (UTC-5). ... The following is a list of abbreviations used by the United States Postal Service. ... U.S. states This is a list of traditional abbreviations for U.S. states and territorries, which were in wide use prior to the U.S. postal abbreviations. ... Image File history File links National-Atlas-Florida-major-road-map. ... Image File history File links National-Atlas-Florida-major-road-map. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 278 KB)Beach at Bahia Honda, Florida Keys, looking east. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 278 KB)Beach at Bahia Honda, Florida Keys, looking east. ... Beach at Bahia Honda, Florida Keys, looking east Bahia Honda (meaning deep bay, in Spanish), is an island in the lower Florida Keys. ... Palm trees in Islamorada The Florida Keys is an archipelago of about 1700 islands in the southeast United States. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Bernard Picart One of six copper plate engravings depicting Florida Indians (of 30 engravings total), Circa 1721, Volume One of Cérémonies et Coutumes Religieuses de tous les Peuples du Monde (Private Collection of L.S. Morgan, St. ... St. ... The US Southeast is the eastern portion of the Southern United States, but the Census Bureau does not provide a standard definition of a Southeast region of the United States, and organizations that need to subdivide the US are free to define a Southeast region to fit their needs. ... A peninsula in Croatia A peninsula is a piece of land that is bordered on three or more sides by water. ... Gulf of Mexico in 3D perspective. ... The humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) is a climate zone characterized by hot, humid summers and chilly to mild winters. ... Naples beach in Florida lined with coconut trees is an example of a tropical climate. ... Juan Ponce de León (c. ... is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1513 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Pascua Florida is a celebration that the spanish bought to Florida. ... Eastertide, or the Easter Season, begins on Easter Sunday and continues until Pentecost in the Christian liturgical calendar, thus spanning a total of seven weeks. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Official language(s) No official language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Largest metro area Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... This article is about the state. ...

Contents

History

Main article: History of Florida
See also: Seminole Wars and Florida in the American Civil War

Archaeological research indicates that Florida had been inhabited for thousands of years before any European settlements. Of the many indigenous peoples, the largest known were the Ais, the Apalachee, the Calusa, the Timucua and the Tocobago tribes. Juan Ponce de León, a Spanish conquistador, named Florida in honor of his discovery of the land on April 2, 1513, during Pascua Florida, a Spanish term for the Easter season. From that date forward, the land became known as "La Florida." (Juan Ponce de León may not have been the first European to reach Florida; according to one report, at least one indigenous tribesman who he encountered in Florida in 1513 spoke Spanish.[5] Five flags of Florida (not including the current State Flag of Florida). ... Combatants United States Seminole Commanders Andrew Jackson Osceola The Seminole Wars, also known as the Florida Wars, were three wars or conflicts in Florida between various groups of Indians collectively known as Seminoles and the United States. ... The Battle of Olustee was the only major Civil War battle fought in Florida. ... The Ais, or Ays were a tribe of Native Americans that inhabited the Atlantic Coast of Florida. ... Approximate area of the Apalachee culture region. ... Approximate Calusa core area (red) and political domain (blue) The Calusa, sometimes spelled Caloosa, Calos, Carlos or Caalus[1], were a Native American group that lived on the coast and along the inner waterways of Floridas southwest coast. ... Pre-contact distribution of Timucua One of the sketches by Jacques Le Moyne de Morgues showing a Timucua village The Timucua were an American Indian people who lived in Northeast and North Central Florida and southeast Georgia. ... The Tocobaga (also known as the Safety Harbor Culture) was a Native American civilization that existed in the Tampa Bay Area of Florida from approximately 900 AD to European contact in the 16th century. ... A Conquistador (Spanish: []) (English: Conqueror) was a Spanish soldier, explorer and adventurer who took part in the gradual invasion and conquering of much of the Americas and Asia Pacific, bringing them under Spanish colonial rule between the 15th and 19th centuries. ... is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Over the following century, both the Spanish and French established settlements in Florida, with varying degrees of success. In 1559, Spanish Pensacola was established by Don Tristán de Luna y Arellano as the first European settlement in the continental United States, but it had become abandoned by 1561 and would not be reinhabited until the 1690s. French Huguenots founded Fort Caroline in modern-day Jacksonville in 1564, but the fort was conquered by forces from the new Spanish colony of St. Augustine the following year. After Huguenot leader Jean Ribault had learned of the new Spanish threat, he launched an expedition to sack the Spanish settlement; en route, however, severe storms at sea waylaid the expedition, which consisted of most of the colony's men, allowing St. Augustine founder Pedro Menéndez de Avilés time to march his men over land and conquer Fort Caroline. Most of the Huguenots were slaughtered, and Menéndez de Avilés marched south and captured the survivors of the wrecked French fleet, ordering all but a few Catholics executed beside a river subsequently called Matanzas (Spanish for 'killings'). The Spanish never had a firm hold on Florida, and maintained tenuous control over the region by converting the local tribes, briefly with Jesuits and later with Franciscan friars. The local leaders (caciques) demonstrated their loyalty to the Spanish by converting to Roman Catholicism and welcoming the Franciscan priests into their villages. Nickname: Location in Escambia County and the state of Florida Coordinates: , Country State County Escambia Government  - Mayor John Fogg Area  - City 39. ... Tristán de Luna y Arellano (1519 – 1571) was a Spanish conquistador of the 16th century. ... In the 16th and 17th centuries, the name of Huguenots came to apply to members of the Protestant Reformed Church of France. ... Fort Caroline shown in an old etching Fort Caroline was the first French colony in the present-day United States. ... Jean Ribault (1520 – October 12, 1565) was a French naval officer, navigator, and a colonizer of what would become the southeastern United States. ... Don Pedro Menéndez de Avilés, the founder of Saint Augustine, Florida Pedro Menéndez de Avilés (February 15, 1519 - September 17, 1574), was a sixteenth century Spanish admiral and pirate hunter, known most notably for his founding of St. ... Matanzas River is a body of water located in St. ... Seal of the Society of Jesus. ... The Order of Friars Minor and other Franciscan movements are disciples of Saint Francis of Assisi. ... Cacique may be in reference to: A cacique is a tribal chief in Latin America, particularly of the Spanish West Indies and Brazil from the 16th century. ...


The area of Spanish Florida diminished with the establishment of English colonies to the north and French colonies to the west. The English weakened Spanish power in the area by supplying their Creek Indian allies with firearms and urging them to raid the Timucuan and Apalachee client-tribes of the Spanish. The English attacked St. Augustine, burning the city and its cathedral to the ground several times, while the citizens hid behind the walls of the Castillo de San Marcos. For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... The Creek are an American Indian people originally from the southeastern United States, also known by their original name Muscogee (or Muskogee), the name they use to identify themselves today. ... The Castillo de San Marcos is a Spanish built fort located in the city of St. ...


The Spanish, meanwhile, encouraged slaves to flee the English-held Carolinas and come to Florida, where they were converted to Roman Catholicism and given freedom. They settled in a buffer community north of St. Augustine, called Gracie Real de Santa Teresa de Mose, the first completely black settlement in what would become the United States. The Carolinas is a collective term used in the United States to refer to the states of North and South Carolina together. ... Fort Mose Historic State Park (originally known as Gracia Real de Santa Teresa de Mose) is a U.S. National Historic Landmark (designated as such on October 12, 1994), located two miles north of St. ...


Great Britain gained control of Florida diplomatically in 1763 through the Peace of Paris (the Castillo de San Marcos surrendered for the first time, having never been taken militarily). Britain divided the colony into East Florida, with its capital at St. Augustine, and West Florida, with its capital at Pensacola. Britain tried to develop the Floridas through the importation of immigrants for labor, including some from Minorca and Greece, but this project ultimately failed. Spain regained the Floridas after Britain's defeat by the American colonies and the subsequent Treaty of Versailles in 1783, continuing the division into East and West Florida. They offered land grants to anyone who settled in the colonies, and many Americans moved to them. This Americanization resulted in 1819, by terms of the Adams-Onís Treaty, of Spain ceding Florida to the United States in exchange for the American renunciation of any claims on Texas and $5 million. The Treaty of Paris, often called the Peace of Paris, or the Treaty of 1763, was signed on February 10, 1763, by the kingdoms of Great Britain, France and Spain, with Portugal in agreement. ... Map of East and West Florida in 1810. ... This article is about the region. ... Capital Maó Official languages Catalan & Spanish Area  -  Total 694. ... Painting by Benjamin West depicting John Jay, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Henry Laurens, and William Temple Franklin. ... The Adams-Onís Treaty of 1819 (formally titled the Treaty of Amity, Settlement, and Limits Between the United States of America and His Catholic Majesty, and also known as the Transcontinental Treaty of 1819, and sometimes the Florida Purchase Treaty) was a historic agreement between the United States and... Official language(s) No official language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Largest metro area Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ...

Winter in Florida, 1893
Winter in Florida, 1893

On March 3, 1845, Florida became the 27th state of the United States of America. Its population grew slowly. By 1860 it had only 140,424 people, of whom 44% were enslaved. There were fewer than 1000 free people of color before the Civil War.[6] Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (846x656, 119 KB) Winter in Florida, a duotone print from James W. Buel, Americas Wonderlands, 1893, Historical Publishing Company, Philadelphia, PA. This image is in the public domain in the United States. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (846x656, 119 KB) Winter in Florida, a duotone print from James W. Buel, Americas Wonderlands, 1893, Historical Publishing Company, Philadelphia, PA. This image is in the public domain in the United States. ... is the 62nd day of the year (63rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


On January 10, 1861, before the formal outbreak of the Civil War, Florida seceded from the Union; ten days later, the state became a founding member of the Confederate States of America. The war ended in 1865. On June 25, 1868, Florida's congressional representation was restored. is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... In this map:  Union states prohibiting slavery  Union territories  Border states on the Union side which allowed slavery  Kansas, which entered and fought with the Union as a free state after the Bleeding Kansas crisis  The Confederacy  Confederate claimed and sometimes held territories During the American Civil War, the Union... Motto Deo Vindice (Latin: Under God, Our Vindicator) Anthem (none official) God Save the South (unofficial) The Bonnie Blue Flag (unofficial) Dixie (unofficial) Capital Montgomery, Alabama (until May 29, 1861) Richmond, Virginia (May 29, 1861–April 2, 1865) Danville, Virginia (from April 3, 1865) Language(s) English (de facto) Religion... is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1868 (MDCCCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Type Bicameral Houses Senate House of Representatives President of the Senate President pro tempore Dick Cheney, (R) since January 20, 2001 Robert C. Byrd, (D) since January 4, 2007 Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Members 535 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political...


Until the mid-twentieth century, Florida was the least populous Southern state. The climate, tempered by the growing availability of air conditioning, and low cost of living made the state a haven. Migration from the Rust Belt and the Northeast sharply increased the population. Economic prosperity combined with Florida's sudden elevation in profile led to the Florida land boom of the 1920s, which brought a brief period of intense land development before the Great Depression brought it all to a halt. Manufacturing Belt, highlighted in red The Rust Belt, a term coined from Manufacturing Belt, is an area in parts of the Midwest and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States of America. ... Arial photo of Miami dated 1927, with the newly-constructed Venetian Islands visible as well as the beginning of the doomed Isola di Lolando project. ... For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ...


Florida's economy would not fully recover until World War II. Today, with an estimated population over 18 million, Florida is the most populous state in the Southeastern United States, the second most populous state in the South behind Texas, and the fourth most populous in the United States. The Census Bureau estimates that "Florida, now the fourth most populous state, would edge past New York into third place in total population by 2011".[7] [8] Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ...


Geography

A map of Florida showing county names and boundaries.
A map of Florida showing county names and boundaries.
Further information: List of counties in Florida

Florida is situated mostly on a large peninsula between the Gulf of Mexico, the Atlantic Ocean, and the Straits of Florida. It extends to the northwest into a panhandle, extending along the northern Gulf of Mexico. It is bordered on the north by the states of Georgia and Alabama, and on the west, at the end of the panhandle, by Alabama. It is near the countries of the Caribbean, particularly the Bahamas and Cuba. Florida's extensive coast line made it a perceived target during World War II, so the government built airstrips all around the state. Today approximately 400 airports are still in service due to the coastal geography of the state. According to the National Drug Intelligence Center, Florida has 131 public airports, and more than 700 private airports, airstrips, heliports, and seaplane bases.[9] Florida is one of the largest states east of the Mississippi. Only Alaska and Michigan are larger in water area. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (865x841, 101 KB) This image is a work of a United States Census Bureau employee, taken or made during the course of an employees official duties. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (865x841, 101 KB) This image is a work of a United States Census Bureau employee, taken or made during the course of an employees official duties. ... Following is a list of counties in Florida. ... The Straits of Florida, Florida Straits, or Florida Strait is a strait located south-southeast of the North American mainland, generally accepted to be between the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean, and between the Florida Keys and Cuba. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... West Indies redirects here. ... For other uses, see Alaska (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. State. ...


The Florida peninsula is a porous plateau of karst limestone sitting atop bedrock. Extended systems of underwater caves, sinkholes and springs are found throughout the state and supply most of the water used by residents. The limestone is topped with sandy soils deposited as ancient beaches over millions of years as global sea levels rose and fell. During the last Ice Age, lower sea levels and a drier climate revealed a much wider peninsula, largely desert. At the southern end of the peninsula, the Everglades are in fact an enormously wide, very slow-flowing river. Karst topography occurs when a landscape is marked by underground drainage patterns. ... For other uses, see Limestone (disambiguation). ... Sinkholes are formed by the collapse of cave roofs and are a feature of landscapes that are based on limestone bedrock. ... Beaches is a 1988 movie adapted by Mary Agnes Donoghue from the novel Beaches by Iris Rainer Dart. ... Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 400 000 years For the animated movie, see Ice Age (movie). ... This article is about arid terrain. ... Map of the Everglades ecoregion as delineated by the WWF. Satellite image from NASA. The yellow line encloses two ecoregions, the Everglades and the South Florida rocklands. The South Florida rocklands ecoregion includes the Florida Keys and offshore islands and two patches within the Everglades. ...


Because Florida is not located near any tectonic plate boundaries, earthquakes are very rare, but the state has been rocked by a few. In January, 1879, a shock occurred near St. Augustine, Florida. There were reports of heavy shaking that knocked plaster from walls and articles from shelves. Similar effects were noted at Daytona Beach, Florida 50 miles south. The tremor was felt as far south as Tampa and as far north as Savannah, Georgia. In January 1880, Cuba was the center of two strong earthquakes that sent severe shock waves through the town of Key West, Florida. Another earthquake centered outside Florida was the great Charleston, South Carolina earthquake of 1886. The shock was felt throughout northern Florida, ringing church bells at St. Augustine and severely jolting other towns along that section of Florida's east coast. Jacksonville residents felt many of the strong aftershocks that occurred in September, October, and November of 1886. [10] And as recently as 2006, a magnitude 6.0 earthquake centered about 260 miles southwest of Tampa in the Gulf of Mexico sent shock waves through southwest and central Florida. The earthquake was too small to trigger a tsunami and no damage was reported. [11] The tectonic plates of the world were mapped in the second half of the 20th century. ... Nickname: Location in St. ... Daytona Beach in 2005 Daytona Beach is a city in Volusia County, Florida, USA. As of 2004, the population estimates recorded by the U.S. Census Bureau is 64,422. ...


At 345 feet (105 m) above mean sea level, Britton Hill is the highest point in Florida and the lowest highpoint of any U.S. state.[12] Contrary to popular belief, however, Florida is not entirely "flat." Some places, such as Clearwater, feature vistas that rise 50 to 100 feet (15 – 30 m) above the water. Much of the interior of Florida, typically 25 miles (40 km) or more away from the coastline, features hills with elevations ranging from 100 to 250 feet (30 – 76 m) in many locations. Lake County holds the highest point of peninsular Florida, Sugarloaf Mountain, at 312 feet (95 m).[13] The term above mean sea level (AMSL) refers to the elevation (on the ground) or altitude (in the air) of any object, relative to the average sea level. ... Florida High Point Marker. ... Clearwater is a city located in central Pinellas County, Florida, USA, nearly due west of Tampa. ... Sugarloaf Mountain is the highest point in peninsular Florida, at 312 feet (95 m) above sea level. ...


Areas under control of the National Park Service include: The National Park Service (NPS) is the United States federal agency that manages all National Parks, many National Monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations. ...

Areas under the control of the USDA United States Forest Service include: This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Lake Okeechobee from space, September 1988 View of Lake Okeechobee from Pahokee. ... Biscayne National Park is a U.S. National Park located in southern Florida, due east of Homestead, FL. The park preserves Biscayne Bay, one of the top scuba diving areas in the United States. ... County slogan: Delivering Excellence Every Day Location of county in the state of Florida County Seat Miami, Florida Area  - Total  - Water 6,297 km² (2,431 mi²) 1,257 km² (485 mi²) 19. ... This article is about the city in Florida. ... The Canaveral National Seashore (CANA) is located between New Smyrna Beach and Titusville, Florida, in the United States. ... Titusville is a city in Brevard County, Florida, United States. ... The Castillo de San Marcos is a Spanish built fort located in the city of St. ... Nickname: Location in St. ... On a sweltering day in May of 1539, Hernando de Soto and an army of over 600 soldiers splashed ashore in the Tampa Bay area. ... Bradenton is a city in Manatee County, Florida, United States. ... Dry Tortugas National Park preserves Fort Jefferson and the Dry Tortugas section of the Florida Keys. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country United States State Florida County Monroe Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Morgan McPherson Area  - City  7. ... Everglades National Park preserves the southern portion of the Everglades (all south of Tamiami Trail), but represents only 20 % of the original wetland area. ... Location of metropolitan area in the state of Florida Major cities Miami, Florida Fort Lauderdale, Florida West Palm Beach, Florida Area  - Total  - Water 15,896 km² (6,137 mi²) 2,621 km² (1,011 mi²) 16. ... Fort Caroline was the first permanent French colony in North America, located in present-day Jacksonville, Florida. ... Created in 1924, Fort Matanzas National Monument is a United States National Monument run by the National Park Service. ... The Gulf Islands National Seashore is part of the National Park System and consists of several segments along the barrier islands in the Gulf of Mexico. ... Country United States State Florida County Santa Rosa County Government  - Mayor Lane Gilchrist (R) Area    - City 23. ... The Timucuan Ecological and Historic Preserve is located in the city of Jacksonville, Florida, in the United States. ... Logo of the U.S. Forest Service. ...

See also: List of Florida state parks

The Apalachicola National Forest is the largest U.S. National Forest in the state of Florida, with 564,961 acres of wilderness. ... View of the Apalachicola River near Fort Gadsden, Florida. ... Choctawhatchee National Forest is a United States National Forest established by President Theodore Roosevelt on November 27, 1908. ... Niceville is a city located in Okaloosa County, Florida. ... The Ocala National Forest is the second largest National Forest in Florida and is the closest to a major city. ... Central Florida is the central region of the United States state of Florida, on the East Coast. ... Osceola National Forest is a U.S. National Forest located in Florida. ... Location in the state of Florida Major cities Jacksonville Fernandina Beach St. ... This is a list of 157 state parks and reserves in the U.S. state of Florida under the authority of the Florida State Parks system. ...

Boundaries

The state line begins in the Atlantic Ocean, traveling west, south, and north up the thalweg of the Saint Mary's River. At the origin of that river, it then follows a straight line nearly due west and slightly north, to the point where the confluence of the Flint River (from Georgia) and the Chattahoochee River (down the Alabama/Georgia line) used to form Florida's Apalachicola River. (Since Woodruff Dam was built, this point has been under Lake Seminole.) The border with Georgia continues north through the lake for a short distance up the former thalweg of the Chattahoochee, then with Alabama runs due west along latitude 31°N to the Perdido River, then south along its thalweg to the Gulf via Perdido Bay. Florida is mostly at sea level. Thalweg (a German word compounded from Tal, valley, and Weg, way) is a term adopted into English usage for geography. ... The St. ... Confluence of Rhine and Mosel at Koblenz In geography, a confluence describes the point where two rivers meet and become one, usually when a tributary joins a more major river. ... The Flint River is an approximately 150 mi (240 km) long river, in the U.S. state of Georgia. ... Map of the Apalachicola River system with the Chattahoochee highlighted. ... This article is about the geographical term. ... The Perdido River is a river in the U.S. states of Alabama and Florida, approximately 60 miles (97km) long. ...


Climate

See also: List of Florida hurricanes and List of all-time high and low temperatures by state

The climate of Florida is tempered somewhat by its proximity to water. Most of the state has a humid subtropical climate, except for the southern part below Lake Okeechobee which has a true tropical climate.[14] Cold fronts can occasionally bring high winds and cool to cold temperatures to the entire state during late fall and winter. One such front swept through the peninsula on November 25, 1996, bringing cold temperatures and winds up to 95 miles per hour (150 km/h), knocking out power to thousands and damaging mobile homes. The seasons in Florida are actually determined more by precipitation than by temperature with mild to cool, relatively dry winters and autumns (the dry season) and hot, wet springs and summers (the wet season). The Gulf Stream has a moderating effect on the climate, and although much of Florida commonly sees a high summer temperature over 90 degrees Fahrenheit (32 °C), the mercury seldom exceeds 100 degrees Fahrenheit (38 °C). The hottest temperature ever recorded in the state was 109 °F (43 °C), set on June 29, 1931 in Monticello. The coldest was – 2 °F (−19 °C), on February 13, 1899, just 25 miles (40 km) away, in Tallahassee. Mean high temperatures for late July are primarily in the low 90s Fahrenheit (32 – 35 °C). Mean low temperatures for late January range from the low 40s Fahrenheit (4 – 7 °C) in northern Florida to the mid-50s (≈13 °C) in southern Florida. Worldwide climate classifications The climate of Florida is humid subtropical. ... Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 450,000 years For current global climate change, see Global warming. ... Hurricane Charley hitting Florida near Port Charlotte as a Category 4 hurricane, the strongest hurricane to hit the United States since Hurricane Andrew The List of Florida hurricanes encompasses every tropical cyclone that affected the state of Florida. ... Notes: * Also on earlier dates at the same or other places. ... is the 329th day of the year (330th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... For other uses, see Spring. ... For the album by Ocean Colour Scene, see North Atlantic Drift (album) The Gulf Stream is orange and yellow in this representation of water temperatures of the Atlantic. ... For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ... is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1931 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Monticello is a city located in Jefferson County, Florida. ... is the 44th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ...

Florida taken from NASA Shuttle Mission STS-95 on October 31, 1998
Florida taken from NASA Shuttle Mission STS-95 on October 31, 1998

The Florida Keys, being surrounded by water, have a more tropical climate, with lesser variability in temperatures. At Key West, temperatures rarely exceed 90 °F in the summer or fall below 60 °F in the winter, and frost has never been reported in the Keys. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (3000x2624, 4402 KB)Florida, USA, taken from Shuttle Mission STS-95 on 31st October 1998. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (3000x2624, 4402 KB)Florida, USA, taken from Shuttle Mission STS-95 on 31st October 1998. ... The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) (IPA [ˈnæsÉ™]) is an agency of the United States government, responsible for the nations public space program. ... This is a mission of the United States Space Shuttle. ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country United States State Florida County Monroe Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Morgan McPherson Area  - City  7. ...


Florida's nickname is the "Sunshine State", but severe weather is a common occurrence in the state. Central Florida is known as the lightning capital of the United States, as it experiences more lightning strikes than anywhere else in the country. Florida has the highest average precipitation of any state, in large part because afternoon thunderstorms are common in most of the state from late spring until early autumn. A fair day may be interrupted with a storm, only to return to sunshine. These thunderstorms, caused by collisions between airflow from the Gulf of Mexico and airflow from the Atlantic Ocean, pop up in the early afternoon and can bring heavy downpours, high winds, and sometimes tornadoes. Florida leads the United States in tornadoes per square mile, but these tornadoes do not typically reach the intensity of those in the Midwest and Great Plains. Hail often accompanies the most severe thunderstorms. Not to be confused with lighting. ... A thunderstorm, also called an electrical storm or lightning storm, is a form of weather characterized by the presence of lightning and its attendant thunder produced from a cumulonimbus cloud. ... This article is about the weather phenomenon. ... The Midwest is a common name for a region of the United States of America. ... For other uses, see Great Plains (disambiguation). ... This article is about the precipitation. ...

1997 -Tornado in Downtown Miami.

Snow in Florida is a rare occurrence. During the Great Blizzard of 1899, Florida experienced blizzard conditions. During that time, the Tampa Bay area had "gulf-effect" snow, similar to lake-effect snow.[15] The Great Blizzard of 1899 is the only time the temperature in the state is known to have fallen below 0 degrees Fahrenheit (−18 °C). The most widespread snowfall in Florida history happened in January 19th 1977, when snow fell over much of the state in different times of the month, as far south as Homestead. Snow flurries fell on Miami Beach for the only time in recorded history. 1982's "Cold Sunday," which saw freezing conditions throughout much of the country, ruined that year's orange crops. In 1989, a severe hard freeze created lots of ice and also caused minor flurries in sections of the state and resulted in rolling blackouts from power failures caused by massive demands on the power grid for heating. A hard freeze in 2003 brought "ocean-effect" snow flurries to the Atlantic coast as far south as Cape Canaveral.[16] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Downtown Miami, is the central business district of Miami-Dade County and Miami, Florida. ... The following is a list of known snow events in Florida. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the winter storm condition. ... Landsat image of Tampa Bay Tampa Bay is a large natural harbor and estuary along the Gulf of Mexico on the western coast of Florida, made up of Old Tampa Bay, Hillsborough Bay, McKay Bay, and the New Tampa Bay. ... For other uses, see Snow (disambiguation). ... Lake-effect precipitation coming off Lake Erie, as seen by NEXRAD radar. ... Coordinates: , Country United States State Florida County Miami-Dade Established 1913 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Roscoe Warren Area  - City  14. ... This page is about the form of precipitation. ... Location in Miami-Dade and the state of Florida. ... Cold Sunday was a meteorological event which took place on January 17, 1982, when unprecedentedly cold air swept down from Canada and plunged temperatures across much of the United States far below existing all-time record lows. ... This article is about the area of Florida. ...


The 1993 Superstorm brought blizzard conditions to the panhandle, while heavy rain and tornadoes beset the peninsula. The storm is believed to have been similar in composition to a hurricane, and even brought storm surges of six feet or more to regions of the Gulf coast. 1Maximum snowfall or ice accretion The Storm of the Century, also known as the ’93 Superstorm, No-Name Hurricane, the White Hurricane, or the (Great) Blizzard of 1993, was a large cyclonic storm that occurred on March 12–March 15, 1993, on the East Coast of North America. ... Cyclone Catarina, a rare South Atlantic tropical cyclone viewed from the International Space Station on March 26, 2004 Hurricane and Typhoon redirect here. ... ...


Although some storms have formed out of season, tropical cyclones pose a severe threat during hurricane season, which lasts from June 1 to November 30. Florida is the most hurricane-prone US state, with subtropical or tropical water on three sides and a lengthy coastline. It is rare for a hurricane season to pass without any impact in the state by at least a tropical storm. August to October is the most likely period for a hurricane in Florida. Cyclone Catarina, a rare South Atlantic tropical cyclone viewed from the International Space Station on March 26, 2004 Hurricane and Typhoon redirect here. ... is the 152nd day of the year (153rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 334th day of the year (335th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Hurricane Frances near peak strength.
Hurricane Frances near peak strength.

Florida saw a slew of destruction in 2004, when it was hit by a record four hurricanes. Hurricanes Charley (August 13), Frances (September 4 – 5), Ivan (September 16), and Jeanne (September 25 – 26) cumulatively cost the state's economy US$42 billion. In 2005, Hurricane Dennis (July 10) became the fifth storm to strike Florida within eleven months. Later, Hurricane Katrina (August 25) passed through South Florida and Hurricane Rita (September 20) swept through the Florida Keys. Hurricane Wilma made landfall in Florida in the early morning of October 24 as a Category 3 hurricane, with the storm's eye hitting near Cape Romano, just south of Marco Island, according to the National Hurricane Center. Summary Hurricane Frances at category 4 strength heading on a collision course towards Florida, seen in the top left corner. ... Summary Hurricane Frances at category 4 strength heading on a collision course towards Florida, seen in the top left corner. ... This article is about the Atlantic hurricane of 2004; for other storms named Hurricane Charley, see Hurricane Charley (disambiguation). ... is the 225th day of the year (226th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Lowest pressure 910 mbar (hPa) Damage $19. ... is the 259th day of the year (260th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Hurricane Jeanne was the tenth named storm, the seventh hurricane, and the fifth major hurricane of the 2004 Atlantic hurricane season. ... is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the Atlantic hurricane of 2005. ... is the 191st day of the year (192nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the Atlantic hurricane of 2005. ... is the 237th day of the year (238th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Miami Urbanized Area stretches along the Atlantic Coast for most of the length of the Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach Metropolitan Area, but is confined to a relatively narrow area between the coast and the Everglades. ... Lowest pressure 895 mbar (hPa)[1] Damages $10 billion (2005 USD)[1] Fatalities 7 direct, 113 indirect Areas affected Bahamas, Florida, Cuba, Yucatán Peninsula, Louisiana, Texas, Mississippi, Arkansas Part of the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season Hurricane Rita is the fourth-most intense Atlantic hurricane ever recorded and the most... is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Palm trees in Islamorada The Florida Keys is an archipelago of about 1700 islands in the southeast United States. ... Lowest pressure 882 mbar (hPa; 26. ... is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale is a scale classifying most Western Hemisphere tropical cyclones that exceed the intensities of tropical depressions and tropical storms, and thereby become hurricanes. ... Cape Romano is a cape at the southern end of Caxambas Island, just south of Marco Island and northwest of the Ten Thousand Islands in Collier County, Florida. ... Marco Island is a city and island in Collier County, Florida, United States. ... National Weather Service Logo The U.S. National Hurricane Center is the division of National Weather Services Tropical Prediction Center responsible for tracking and predicting the likely behavior of tropical depressions, tropical storms and hurricanes. ...


Florida was the site of the second costliest weather disaster in U.S. history, Hurricane Andrew, which caused more than US$25 billion in damage when it struck on August 24, 1992. In a long list of other infamous hurricane strikes are the 1926 Great Miami Hurricane, the 1928 Okeechobee Hurricane, the Labor Day Hurricane of 1935, Hurricane Donna in 1960, and Hurricane Opal in 1995. Lowest pressure 922 mbar (hPa; 27. ... One thousand million (1,000,000,000) is the natural number following 999,999,999 and preceding 1,000,000,001. ... is the 236th day of the year (237th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Lowest pressure 935 mbar (hPa; 27. ... Lowest pressure 929 mbar (hPa; 27. ... Lowest pressure 892 mbar (hPa; 26. ... Lowest pressure ≤930 mbar (hPa) Damage $3. ... Hurricane Opal was a major hurricane that formed in the Gulf of Mexico in September 1995. ...

Monthly Normal High and Low Temperatures For Various Florida Cities
City Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Apalachicola 62/43 65/46 70/51 76/58 83/65 88/72 90/74 89/74 87/71 80/60 72/52 65/45
Daytona Beach 70/47 71/49 76/54 80/58 85/64 89/71 91/72 90/73 88/72 83/65 77/57 71/50
Fort Myers 75/54 76/55 80/59 84/63 89/68 91/73 92/74 92/74 90/74 86/69 81/62 77/56
Gainesville 66/42 69/45 75/50 80/55 86/62 90/68 91/71 90/71 87/68 81/59 74/51 68/44
Jacksonville 64/42 67/44 73/50 79/55 84/62 89/69 91/72 89/72 86/69 79/60 72/51 66/44
Key West 75/65 76/66 79/69 82/72 85/76 88/79 89/80 90/79 88/78 85/76 81/72 77/67
Miami 76/60 78/60 81/64 84/68 87/72 90/75 91/76 91/76 89/76 85/72 81/68 78/62
Orlando 72/50 74/51 79/56 83/60 88/66 91/71 92/73 92/73 90/72 85/66 79/59 73/53
Pensacola 61/43 64/45 70/52 76/58 83/66 89/72 91/74 90/74 87/70 79/60 70/51 63/45
Tallahassee 64/40 67/42 74/48 80/53 86/62 91/70 92/73 92/73 88/69 81/57 73/48 66/42
Tampa 70/52 72/54 76/58 81/62 86/69 89/74 90/75 90/75 89/74 84/68 78/61 72/55
Vero Beach 73/53 74/54 78/58 81/62 85/67 89/72 90/73 90/73 89/73 84/68 79/62 75/55
West Palm Beach 75/57 76/58 79/62 82/65 86/70 88/74 90/75 90/75 89/75 85/71 80/66 76/60
[17]

The mouth of the Apalachicola River, looking towards the Bay. ... Daytona Beach in 2005 Daytona Beach is a city in Volusia County, Florida, USA. As of 2004, the population estimates recorded by the U.S. Census Bureau is 64,422. ... Fort Myers is the county seatGR6 and commercial center of Lee County, Florida. ... Location in Alachua County and the state of Florida Coordinates: , Country State County Alachua Incorporated (city) 15 April 1869 Government  - Type Council-manager  - Mayor Pegeen Hanrahan  - City Manager Russ Blackburn Area [1]  - Total 49. ... “Jacksonville” redirects here. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country United States State Florida County Monroe Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Morgan McPherson Area  - City  7. ... Miami redirects here. ... Nickname: Location in Orange County and the state of Florida Coordinates: , Country State Counties Orange Government  - Mayor Buddy Dyer (D) Area  - City 101 sq mi (261. ... Nickname: Location in Escambia County and the state of Florida Coordinates: , Country State County Escambia Government  - Mayor John Fogg Area  - City 39. ... Location in Leon County and the state of Florida Coordinates: , Country State County Leon Government  - Mayor John Marks Area  - City 254. ... Tampa redirects here. ... Vero Beach has been the Spring training home of the Los Angeles Dodgers since 1948. ... Nickname: Location in Palm Beach County and the state of Florida. ...

Fauna

People Birding in Florida.
People Birding in Florida.
The Florida Scrub Jay is found only in Florida.
The Florida Scrub Jay is found only in Florida.

Florida is host to many types of wildlife including: Image File history File links Size of this preview: 614 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1211 × 1183 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 614 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1211 × 1183 pixel, file size: 1. ... Birding or birdwatching is a hobby concerned with the observation and study of birds (the study proper is termed American origin; birdwatching is (or more correctly, was) the commonly-used word in Great Britain and Ireland and by non-birders in the United States. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (887x725, 225 KB) Summary Florida Scrub Jay, Blue Springs State Park, Orange City, Florida. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (887x725, 225 KB) Summary Florida Scrub Jay, Blue Springs State Park, Orange City, Florida. ... Binomial name Aphelocoma coerulescens (Bosc, 1795) The Florida Scrub Jay (Aphelocoma coerulescens) is one of four species of scrub jay native to North America. ...

  • Marine Mammals : Bottlenose Dolphin, Pilot Whale, Northern Right Whale, Manatee
  • Reptiles : Alligator, Crocodile, Eastern Diamondback and Pygmy Rattlesnakes, Gopher Tortoise, Green & Leatherback Sea Turtles, Indigo Snake
  • Mammals : Panther, Whitetail Deer, Key Deer, Bobcats, Southern Black Bear, Armadillos
  • Birds : Bald Eagle, Crested Caracara, Snail Kite, Osprey, Pelicans, Sea Gulls, Whooping & Sandhill Cranes, Roseate Spoonbill, Florida Scrub Jay (State endemic), and many more. Note : Florida is a winter home for most species of eastern North American birds.

Binomial name Platalea ajaja (Linnaeus, 1758) Synonyms Ajaja ajaja The Roseate Spoonbill (Platalea ajaja, sometimes separated in the monotypic genus Ajaja) is a wading bird of the ibis and spoonbill family Threskiornithidae. ... Endemic, in a broad sense, can mean belonging or native to, characteristic of, or prevalent in a particular geography, race, field, area, or environment; Native to an area or scope. ...

Environmental issues

Main article: Environment of Florida

Florida ranks forty-sixth in total energy consumption per capita, despite the heavy reliance on air conditioners and pool pumps. This includes coal, natural gas, petroleum, and retail electricity sales. It is estimated that only 1% of energy in the state is generated through renewable resources.[18] Florida ranks fifth in municipal energy use per capita due to the continuous use of air conditioning and pool pumps. ...


Increasing landfill space is also an issue. St. Lucie County is planning to experiment with burning trash through plasma arc gasification to generate energy and reduce landfill space. The experiment will be the largest of its kind in the world to date, and begin operation no later than 2009. If successful, experts estimate that the entire St. Lucie County landfill, estimated to contain 4.3 million tons of trash, will disappear within 18 years. Materials created in the energy production can also be used in road construction.[19] St. ... Plasma arc waste disposal is a method of waste management which uses the extreme high temperature created by a plasma torch (or arc), to break down waste into steam and gas used for power generation, and hard solid rock-like waste (slag) which can be used in construction. ...


Some are concerned about the effects of climate change and blame it for the major hurricanes of 2004 and 2005; however, recent research suggests the storms are part of a natural cycle and not Global Warming.[20][21][22] Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 450,000 years For current global climate change, see Global warming. ... Global warming refers to the increase in the average temperature of the Earths near-surface air and oceans in recent decades and its projected continuation. ...


In July 2007, Florida Governor Charlie Crist announced plans to sign executive orders that would impose strict new air-pollution standards in the state, with aims to reduce so called "greenhouse-gas" emissions by 80 percent of 1990 levels by 2050. Crist's orders would set new emissions targets for power companies, automobiles and trucks, and toughen conservation goals for state agencies and require state-owned vehicles to use alternative fuels.[23] Top: Increasing atmospheric CO2 levels as measured in the atmosphere and ice cores. ...


Red tide has also been an issue on the Southwest coast of Florida. While there has been a great deal of conjecture over the cause of the toxic algae bloom, there is no evidence that it is being caused by pollution or that there has been an increase in the duration or frequency of red tides.[24] A red tide off the coast of La Jolla, California. ...


Since their accidental importation from South America into North America in the 1930s, the Red imported fire ant population has increased its territorial range to include most of the Southern United States, including Florida. They are more aggressive than most native ant species and have a painful sting.[25] It has been suggested that Fire ant be merged into this article or section. ... Historic Southern United States. ...


Demographics

Population

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1830 34,730
1840 54,477 56.9%
1850 87,445 60.5%
1860 140,424 60.6%
1870 187,748 33.7%
1880 269,493 43.5%
1890 391,422 45.2%
1900 528,542 35.0%
1910 752,619 42.4%
1920 968,470 28.7%
1930 1,468,211 51.6%
1940 1,897,414 29.2%
1950 2,771,305 46.1%
1960 4,951,560 78.7%
1970 6,789,443 37.1%
1980 9,746,324 43.6%
1990 12,937,926 32.7%
2000 15,982,378 23.5%
Est. 2006 18,089,888 13.2%

Florida has the 4th highest state population in the United States . The center of population of Florida is located in Polk County, in the town of Lake Wales.[26]http:/] As of 2006, Florida's population was 18,089,888; an increase of 2,107,510 (over 13%) from 2000. The state grew 321,647, or 1.8% from 2005. Florida grows an average of 26,803 every month, 6700 every week, and 957 daily. Florida is the nation's third-fastest-growing state.[27] The United States Census of 1830 was the fifth Census conducted in the United States. ... The Sixth Census of the United States, conducted by the Bureau of the Census, determined the resident population of the United States to be 17,069,453 — an increase of 32. ... The Seventh Census of the United States, conducted by the Bureau of the Census, determined the resident population of the United States to be 23,191,876 — an increase of 35. ... The United States Census of 1860 was the eighth Census conducted in the United States. ... The Ninth United States Census was taken in 1870. ... 1880 US Census The United States Census of 1880 was the tenth United States Census. ... The Eleventh United States Census was taken June 1, 1890. ... 1900 US Census The Twelfth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 76,212,168, an increase of 21. ... The Thirteenth United States Census was taken in 1910. ... The Fourteenth United States Census was taken in 1920. ... The Fifteenth United States Census was taken in 1930. ... The Sixteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7. ... The Seventeenth United States Census was taken in 1950. ... The Eighteenth United States Census was taken in 1960. ... The Nineteenth United States Census was taken in 1970. ... The Twentieth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 226,545,805, an increase of 11. ... The Twenty-first United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 248,709,873, an increase of 9. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Center of population is a subject of study in the field of demographics. ... Polk County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. ... Lake Wales is a city located in Polk County, Florida. ...


Ancestry Groups

Demographics of Florida (csv)
By race White Black AIAN Asian NHPI
AIAN is American Indian or Alaskan Native   -   NHPI is Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
2000 (total population) 82.45% 15.66% 0.75% 2.11% 0.16%
2000 (Hispanic only) 15.94% 0.74% 0.14% 0.09% 0.03%
2005 (total population) 81.47% 16.31% 0.84% 2.52% 0.18%
2005 (Hispanic only) 18.48% 0.87% 0.21% 0.11% 0.04%
Growth 2000-2005 (total population) 9.99% 15.93% 23.95% 33.09% 29.08%
Growth 2000-2005 (non-Hispanic only) 5.43% 15.23% 15.67% 32.55% 24.49%
Growth 2000-2005 (Hispanic only) 28.99% 29.93% 58.98% 45.89% 45.66%

The largest reported ancestries in the 2000 Census were German (11.8%), Irish (10.3%), English (9.2%), American (8%), Italian (6.3%), French (2.8%), Polish (2.7%) and Scottish (1.8%).[28] It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... This article is about the English as an ethnic group and nation. ... This article is about the Scottish as an ethnic group. ...

Florida Population Density Map

Before the American Civil War, when slavery was legal, and during the Reconstruction era that followed, African Americans made up nearly half of the state's population.[29] Their proportion declined over the next century, as many moved north in the Great Migration while large numbers of northern whites moved to the state. Recently, the state's proportion of black residents has begun to grow again. Today, large concentrations of black residents can be found in northern Florida (notably in Jacksonville, Gainesville and Pensacola), the Tampa Bay area, the Orlando area (especially in the city of Orlando and Sanford), and South Florida (where their numbers have been bolstered by significant immigration from Haiti and Jamaica). Image File history File links Florida_population_map. ... Image File history File links Florida_population_map. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... In the history of the United States, Reconstruction was the period after the American Civil War when the southern states of the breakaway Confederacy were reintegrated into the United States of America. ... African Americans, also known as Afro-Americans or black Americans, are an ethnic group in the United States of America whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Sub-Saharan and West Africa. ... The states in blue had the ten largest net gains of African-Americans during the Great Migration, while the states in red had the ten largest net losses[1]. The Great Migration was the movement of over 1 million[1] African Americans out of the rural Southern United States from... European American is a term for an American of European descent, who are usually referred as White or Caucasian. ... Location in Alachua County and the state of Florida Coordinates: , Country State County Alachua Incorporated (city) 15 April 1869 Government  - Type Council-manager  - Mayor Pegeen Hanrahan  - City Manager Russ Blackburn Area [1]  - Total 49. ... Landsat image of Tampa Bay Tampa Bay is a large natural harbor and estuary along the Gulf of Mexico on the western coast of Florida, made up of Old Tampa Bay, Hillsborough Bay, McKay Bay, and the New Tampa Bay. ... Sanford is a city in and the county seatGR6 of Seminole County, Florida, USA. The population was 38,291 at the 2000 census. ...


Florida's Hispanic population includes large communities of Cuban Americans in Miami and Tampa, Puerto Ricans in Tampa and Orlando, and Central American migrant workers in inland West-Central and South Florida. The Hispanic community continues to grow more affluent and mobile: between the years of 2000 and 2004, Lee County in Southwest Florida, which is largely suburban in character, had the fastest Hispanic population growth rate of any county in the United States.[30] Hispanics in the United States, or Hispanic Americans, are American citizens or residents of Hispanic ethnicity who identify themselves as having Hispanic Cultural heritage. ... A Cuban-American is an immigrant to the United States from Cuba. ... For other uses, see Central America (disambiguation). ... Lee County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. ... Map of Southwest Florida Southwest Florida is a region of Florida located along its gulf coast, south of the Tampa Bay area, west of Lake Okeechobee and mostly north of the Everglades. ...


Whites of all ethnicities are present in all areas of the state. Those of British and Irish ancestry are present in large numbers in all the urban/suburban areas across the state. There is a large German population in Southwest Florida, a large Greek population in the Tarpon Springs area, a sizable and historic Italian community in the Miami area, and white Floridians of longer-present generations in the culturally southern areas of inland and northern Florida. Native white Floridians, especially those who have descended from long-time Florida families, affectionately refer to themselves as "Florida crackers." Like all the other southern states, they descend mainly from Scots-Irish as well as some British settlers. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Location map of Tarpon Springs in Pinellas County, Florida Tarpon Springs is a city in Pinellas County, Florida, United States. ... White cracker, or simply cracker, was originally a pejorative term for a white person mainly used by blacks in the Southern United States, a usage that is now somewhat archaic. ... Scots-Irish (formerly Scotch-Irish) is a term used to describe inhabitants of the USA and Canada of Scots-Irish (particularly Ulster-Scots) descent, who formed distinctive communities and had distinctive social characteristics. ...


Metropolitan areas

See also: List of urbanized areas in Florida (by population) and Florida census statistical areas
Distribution of Metropolitan Statistical Areas in Florida
Distribution of Metropolitan Statistical Areas in Florida

Florida has nineteen Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs) defined by the United States Office of Management and Budget (OMB). Thirty-eight of Florida's sixty-seven counties are in an MSA. Reflecting the distribution of population in Florida, Metropolitan areas in the state are concentrated around the coast of the peninsula. They form a continuous band on the east coast of Florida, stretching from the Jacksonville MSA to the Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach MSA, including every county on the east coast, with the exceptions of Monroe County. There is also a continuous band of MSAs on the west coast of the peninsula from the Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater MSA to the Naples-Marco Island MSA, including all of the coastal counties from Hernando County to Collier County. The interior of the northern half of the peninsula also has several MSAs, connecting the east and west coast MSAs. A few MSAs are scattered across the Florida panhandle. The largest metropolitan area in the state as well as the entire southeastern United States is the Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach Metropolitan Statistical Area, with over five million people.
Distribution of Metropolitan Statistical Areas in Florida The United States Census Bureau defines an Urbanized Area to be There are a number of rules specifying what is included in the urban fringe, but it generally consists of contiguous territory having a density of at least 1,000 persons per square... The United States Census Bureau has defined 3 Combined Statistical Areas (CSAs),[1] 20 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs),[2] and 10 Micropolitan Statistical Areas (μSAs)[3] in the State of Florida. ... Image File history File links FLMap-MSA.PNG‎ Summary Created by Donald Albury (User:Dalbury) on outline map taken from FLMAP-doton-.PNG series of maps in WP on July 18, 2006 Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this... Image File history File links FLMap-MSA.PNG‎ Summary Created by Donald Albury (User:Dalbury) on outline map taken from FLMAP-doton-.PNG series of maps in WP on July 18, 2006 Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this... In the United States, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has produced a formal definition of metropolitan areas, which are organized around county boundaries. ... The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) is a body within the Executive Office of the President of the United States (EOP) which is tasked with coordinating United States Federal agencies. ... Monroe County is a county located in the state of Florida. ... Hernando County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. ... Collier County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Miami Urbanized Area stretches along the Atlantic Coast for most of the length of the Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach Metropolitan Area, but is confined to a relatively narrow area between the coast and the Everglades. ...


Largest cities and towns

Orlando
Orlando
Tampa
Tampa
St. Petersburg
St. Petersburg
Jacksonville
Jacksonville

City Population > 700,000 Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 283 pixelsFull resolution (2560 × 904 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 283 pixelsFull resolution (2560 × 904 pixel, file size: 1. ... Miami redirects here. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 295 pixelsFull resolution (1227 × 452 pixel, file size: 426 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Orlando Florida skyline: taken by User:Cwolfsheep in 11-2004 who released it GFDL. This is a cropped version (cropped by britcom) of an image from... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 295 pixelsFull resolution (1227 × 452 pixel, file size: 426 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Orlando Florida skyline: taken by User:Cwolfsheep in 11-2004 who released it GFDL. This is a cropped version (cropped by britcom) of an image from... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1440x480, 116 KB) Summary Skyline of Fort Lauderdale, Florida, photographed by Cary Michael Bass. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1440x480, 116 KB) Summary Skyline of Fort Lauderdale, Florida, photographed by Cary Michael Bass. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country State County Broward Established 27 March 1911 Government  - Type Commission-Manager  - Mayor Jim Naugle Area  - City  36. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links West_Palm_Beach_Skyline. ... Image File history File links West_Palm_Beach_Skyline. ... Nickname: Location in Palm Beach County and the state of Florida. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3008x2000, 2779 KB) [edit] Summary [edit] Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Florida St. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3008x2000, 2779 KB) [edit] Summary [edit] Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Florida St. ... Download high resolution version (2048x548, 150 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (2048x548, 150 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The following is a list of incorporated cities in Florida. ... Florida has the eighteenth highest per capita income in the United States of America, at $21,557 (2000). ...

City Population > 300,000 “Jacksonville” redirects here. ...

City Population > 200,000 This article is about the city in Florida. ... Tampa redirects here. ...

City Population > 150,000 For other uses, see St. ... Nickname: Location in Miami-Dade County and the state of Florida. ... Nickname: Location in Orange County and the state of Florida Coordinates: , Country State Counties Orange Government  - Mayor Buddy Dyer (D) Area  - City 101 sq mi (261. ...

City Population > 100,000 Nickname: Coordinates: , Country State County Broward Established 27 March 1911 Government  - Type Commission-Manager  - Mayor Jim Naugle Area  - City  36. ... Coordinates: Country United States State Florida County Broward Established 1960 Government  - Type Commission-Manager  - Mayor Frank C. Ortis Area  - City  34. ... Motto: Nickname: Founded 1965 Incorporated 1970 County Lee County Borough {{{borough}}} Parrish {{{parrish}}} Mayor Area  - Total  - Water 298. ...


Clearwater is a city located in central Pinellas County, Florida, USA, nearly due west of Tampa. ... Coordinates: Country United States State Florida County Broward Government  - Type Commission-Manager  - Mayor Scott J. Brook Area  - City  24. ... Location in Alachua County and the state of Florida Coordinates: , Country State County Alachua Incorporated (city) 15 April 1869 Government  - Type Council-manager  - Mayor Pegeen Hanrahan  - City Manager Russ Blackburn Area [1]  - Total 49. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country United States State Florida County Broward Established 28 November 1925 Government  - Type Commission-Manager  - Mayor Mara Giulianti Area  - City  30. ... A view of Lakelands business district, early 1920s Lakeland is a city in Polk County, Florida, United States, located approximately midway between Tampa and Orlando along Interstate 4. ... Location in Miami-Dade and the state of Florida. ... For other uses, see Miramar. ... Palm Bay is a city in Brevard County, Florida, United States. ... Port St. ... Nickname: Location of Pompano Beach in Broward County, state of Florida Coordinates: , Country State County Broward Incorporated (city) 6 June 1908 Government  - Type Commission-Manager  - Mayor Lamar Fisher  - City Manager Garland Chadwell Area [1]  - City  22. ... Location in Leon County and the state of Florida Coordinates: , Country State County Leon Government  - Mayor John Marks Area  - City 254. ... Nickname: Location in Palm Beach County and the state of Florida. ...


Languages

As of 2000, 76.91 percent of Florida residents age 5 and older spoke only English at home as a first language, while 16.46 percent spoke Spanish, and French-based creole languages (predominantly Haitian Creole) was spoken by 1.38 percent of the population. French was spoken by 0.83 percent, followed by German at 0.59 percent, and Italian at 0.44 percent of all residents.[31]. Florida's climate makes it a popular state for immigrants. Florida's public education system identifies over 200 first languages other than English spoken in the homes of students. In 1990, the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) won a class action lawsuit against the state Department of Education that required educators to be trained in teaching English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL).[32] The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... “Native Language” redirects here. ... A French creole, more properly French-based creole language, is a creole language with substantial influence from the French language. ... Haitian Creole (kreyòl ayisyen) is a creole language It is spoken in Haiti by about 8. ... LULAC is an organization which strives for rights for Hispanic Americans. ... ESL redirects here. ...


Article II, Section 9, of the Florida Constitution provides that "English is the official language of the State of Florida." This provision was adopted in 1988 by a vote following an Initiative Petition. An official language is a language that is given a unique legal status in the countries, states, and other territories. ...


Religion

Florida is mostly Protestant, with a Roman Catholic community that is growing because of immigration; it is now the single largest denomination in the state. There is also a sizable Jewish community, located mainly in South Florida; no other Southern state has such a large Jewish population. Florida's current religious affiliations are shown in the table below: American Jews, or Jewish Americans, are American citizens who were born Jews or who have converted to Judaism. ...

Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is... Protestantism encompasses the forms of Christian faith and practice that originated with the doctrines of the Reformation. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Baptist is... For other uses, see Methodism (disambiguation). ... Presbyterianism is a tradition shared by a large number of Christian denominations which is most prevalent within the Reformed branch of Protestant Western Christianity. ... This article is about the Episcopal Church in the United States. ... Lutheranism is a major branch of Protestant Christianity that identifies with the teachings of the sixteenth-century German reformer Martin Luther. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Pentecostal can... Roman Catholicism in the United States has grown dramatically over the countrys history, from being a tiny minority faith during the time of the Thirteen Colonies to being the countrys largest profession of faith today. ... For other uses, see Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

Government

Main article: Government of Florida
See also: List of Florida Governors and United States Congressional Delegations from Florida
Florida Capitol buildings (Old Capitol in foreground)
Florida Capitol buildings (Old Capitol in foreground)
Presidential elections results
Year Republican Democratic
2004 52.10% 3,964,522 47.09% 3,583,544
2000 48.85% 2,912,790 48.84% 2,912,253
1996 42.32% 2,244,536 48.02% 2,546,870
1992 40.89% 2,173,310 39.00% 2,072,698
1988 60.87% 2,618,885 38.51% 1,656,701
1984 65.32% 2,730,350 34.66% 1,448,816
1980 55.52% 2,046,951 38.50% 1,419,475
1976 46.64% 1,469,531 51.93% 1,636,000
1972 71.91% 1,857,759 27.80% 718,117
1968 40.53% 886,804 30.93% 676,794
1964 48.85% 905,941 51.15% 948,540
1960 51.51% 795,476 48.49% 748,700

The basic structure, duties, function, and operations of the government of the State of Florida are defined and established by the Florida Constitution, which establishes the basic law of the state and guarantees various rights and freedoms of the people. The state government consists of three separate branches: judicial, executive, and legislative. The legislature enacts bills, which, if signed by the governor, become Florida Statutes. The Government of the State of Florida is established and operated according the Florida Constitution. ... List of Governors of Florida: Florida Governors Military Government Territorial Government Statehood Categories: Lists of United States governors | Governors of Florida | Government of Florida ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Florida to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1536x2048, 1280 KB) Summary Photo taken by Jenn Greiving in July 2005 Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Tallahassee, Florida Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1536x2048, 1280 KB) Summary Photo taken by Jenn Greiving in July 2005 Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Tallahassee, Florida Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... The Republican Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States of America, along with the Democratic Party. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... Presidential election results map. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... The election was held on November 8, 1988. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... The Great Seal of the State of Florida The Florida Constitution is the document that establishes and describes the duties, powers, structure and function of the government of the U.S. state of Florida, and establishes the basic law of the state. ... List of Governors of Florida: Florida Governors Military Government Territorial Government Statehood Categories: Lists of United States governors | Governors of Florida | Government of Florida ... The Great Seal of the State of Florida The Florida Statutes are the codified, statutory laws of the state of Florida. ...


The Florida Legislature comprises the Florida Senate, which has 40 members, and the Florida House of Representatives, which has 120 members. The current Governor of Florida is Republican Charlie Crist. The Florida Supreme Court consists of a Chief Justice and six Justices. The Florida Legislature is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Florida. ... The Florida Senate is part of the Legislative branch of government for the state of Florida. ... The Florida House of Representatives, one of the two Chambers of the Florida Legislature, is composed of 120 members, each representing a district. ... The Republican Party, often called the GOP (for Grand Old Party, although one early citation described it as the Gallant Old Party) [1], is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ... Charles Joseph (Charlie) Crist, Jr. ... The Florida Supreme Court is the highest court in the State of Florida. ...


There are 67 Counties in Florida, but some reports show only 66 because of Duval County, which is consolidated with the City of Jacksonville. There are 379 cities in Florida that report regularly to the Florida Department of Revenue, but there are other incorporated municipalities that do not. The primary source of revenue for the State government is sales tax, but the primary revenue source for cities and counties is property tax.


Florida was traditionally a Democratic state; at one time, 68.5 percent of all Floridians were registered Democrats. In the last decades of the twentieth century, the realignment of the "Solid South" has led many conservative Democrats of Florida to vote with the Republican Party. This tendency, combined with explosive population growth, which has brought many Republicans into the state as well as Cuban immigration has given Florida a Republican edge in practice. For instance, the Tampa area, once a major center of Democratic union support, is now almost evenly split between registered Republicans and Democrats, making it part of the important I-4 Corridor swing region. As a result, Republicans control the governorship and most other statewide elective offices: both houses of the state legislature, 16 of the state's 25 seats in the House of Representatives, and one of the state's two Senate seats. Because of the state's population and number of electoral votes, political analysts consider it to be a key swing state in presidential elections, which became obvious during the 2000 election where Florida played a key role in the election. The phrase Solid South describes the electoral support of the Southern United States for Democratic Party candidates for almost a century after the Reconstruction era, 1876-1964. ... Tampa redirects here. ... A trade union or labor union is an organization of workers. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Interstate 4 An old shield in Orlando, Florida Interstate 4 (abbreviated I-4) is a 132. ... Type Bicameral Speaker of the House of Representatives House Majority Leader Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Steny Hoyer, (D) since January 4, 2007 House Minority Leader John Boehner, (R) since January 4, 2007 Members 435 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party... Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... This article is about the US political term. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      For other uses, see President of the United States (disambiguation). ... Floridas presidential election of 2000 was highly controversial (see the Florida election results section of the 2000 U.S. presidential election article for details). ...


Economy

Florida's state quarter.
Florida's state quarter.
Walt Disney World, a major tourist attraction in Central Florida.
Florida's climate is ideal for growing sugarcane.
Florida's climate is ideal for growing sugarcane.

The gross state product of Florida in 2005 was $596 billion. Its GDP is one of the fastest-growing in the nation, with a 7.7% increase from 2004 to 2005.[33] Personal income was $30,098 per capita, ranking 26th in the nation. Download high resolution version (1172x1194, 121 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1172x1194, 121 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (700x813, 126 KB) A launch of the NASA Space Shuttle Columbia on STS-1 in April 1981. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (700x813, 126 KB) A launch of the NASA Space Shuttle Columbia on STS-1 in April 1981. ... Space Shuttle Columbia (NASA Orbiter Vehicle Designation: OV-102) was the first spaceworthy space shuttle in NASAs orbital fleet. ... Merritt Island and Kennedy Space Center (shown in white). ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 1. ... Cinderella Castle, at the center of the Magic Kingdom, is Walt Disney World Resorts most recognizable icon Introduction Owned and operated by The Walt Disney Company, the Walt Disney World Resort in Florida, USA is home to four theme parks, two water parks, several resort hotels and golf courses... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 1209 KB) Summary Description: Small sugar cane field on Madeira Source: own work Date: 2006-04-07 Author: Hannes Grobe Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Sugarcane Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 1209 KB) Summary Description: Small sugar cane field on Madeira Source: own work Date: 2006-04-07 Author: Hannes Grobe Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Sugarcane Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from...


Tourism makes up the largest sector of the state economy. Warm weather and hundreds of miles of beaches attract about 60 million visitors to the state every year. Amusement parks, especially in the Orlando area, make up a significant portion of tourism. The Walt Disney World Resort is the largest vacation resort in the world, consisting of four theme parks and more than 20 hotels in Lake Buena Vista, Florida; it, and Universal Orlando Resort, Busch Gardens, SeaWorld, and other major parks drive state tourism. Many beach towns are also popular tourist destinations, particularly in the winter months. Tourist redirects here. ... Theme park redirects here. ... Nickname: Location in Orange County and the state of Florida Coordinates: , Country State Counties Orange Government  - Mayor Buddy Dyer (D) Area  - City 101 sq mi (261. ... Cinderella Castle is the symbol of the Magic Kingdom. ... Theme Park is a simulation computer game designed by Bullfrog Productions, released in 1994, in which the player designs and operates an amusement park. ... Lake Buena Vista is a city located in Orange County, Florida, U.S., at the 2000 census the population was 16. ... Nanna JuulsgÃ¥rd Andersen is like a indianerhøvding Taken in December 2004, this picture shows a walkway bridge (right) and the giant studio entrance (back) at Universal Studios Orlando. ... Busch Gardens is the name of two amusement parks in the United States owned and operated by Busch Entertainment Corporation, a division of Anheuser-Busch. ... For the unrelated theme park with a similar name in Australia, see Sea World. ...


The second largest industry is agriculture. Citrus fruit, especially oranges, are a major part of the economy, and Florida produces the majority of citrus fruit grown in the U.S. – in 2006 67 percent of all citrus, 74 percent of oranges, 58 percent of tangerines, and 54 percent of grapefruit. About 95 percent of commercial orange production in the state is destined for processing (mostly as orange juice, the official state beverage).[34] Citrus canker continues to be an issue of concern. Other products include sugarcane and celery.[35] The Everglades Agricultural Area is a major center for agriculture. The environmental impact of agriculture — especially water pollution— is a major issue in Florida today. Species & major hybrids Species Citrus aurantifolia - Key lime Citrus maxima - Pomelo Citrus medica - Citron Citrus reticulata - Mandarin & Tangerine Major hybrids Citrus ×sinensis - Sweet Orange Citrus ×aurantium - Bitter Orange Citrus ×paradisi - Grapefruit Citrus ×limon - Lemon Citrus ×limonia - Rangpur lime Citrus ×latifolia - Persian lime See also main text for other hybrids Citrus... For other uses, see Fruit (disambiguation). ... Binomial name (L.) Osbeck Orange—specifically, sweet orange—refers to the citrus tree Citrus sinensis (syn. ... Binomial name Citrus reticulata Blanco For other uses, see Tangerine (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Macfad. ... For other uses, see Orange juice (disambiguation). ... This is a list of official state beverages: This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. ... Binomial name Xanthomonas axonopodis (Hasse, 1915) Synonyms Citrus canker is a disease affecting citrus species that is caused by the bacterium Xanthomonas axonopodis. ... Species Saccharum arundinaceum Saccharum bengalense Saccharum edule Saccharum officinarum Saccharum procerum Saccharum ravennae Saccharum robustum Saccharum sinense Saccharum spontaneum Sugarcane or Sugar cane (Saccharum) is a genus of 6 to 37 species (depending on taxonomic interpretation) of tall perennial grasses (family Poaceae, tribe Andropogoneae), native to warm temperate to tropical... Binomial name L. Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... Raw sewage and industrial waste flows into the U.S. from Mexico as the New River passes from Mexicali, Baja California to Calexico, California Water pollution is a large set of adverse effects upon water bodies such as lakes, rivers, oceans, and groundwater caused by human activities. ...

The Port of Miami, the largest container port in Florida, as well as the "Cruise Capital of the World" and "Cargo Gateway of the Americas".

Phosphate mining, concentrated in the Bone Valley, is the state's third-largest industry. The state produces about 75 percent of the phosphate required by farmers in the United States and 25 percent of the world supply, with about 95 percent used for agriculture (90 percent for fertilizer and 5 percent for livestock feed supplements) and 5 percent used for other products.[36] Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Port of Miami is the debut album by Miami rapper Rick Ross. ... A phosphate, in inorganic chemistry, is a salt of phosphoric acid. ... The Bone Valley is a region of central Florida, encompassing portions of present-day Hardee, Hillsborough, Manatee, and Polk counties, in which phosphate is mined for use in the production of agricultural fertilizer. ... Spreading manure, an organic fertilizer Fertilizers (also spelled fertilisers) are compounds given to plants to promote growth; they are usually applied either via the soil, for uptake by plant roots, or by foliar feeding, for uptake through leaves. ... Sheep are commonly bred as livestock. ...


Since the arrival of the NASA Merritt Island launch sites on Cape Canaveral (most notably Kennedy Space Center) in 1962, Florida has developed a sizable aerospace industry. Merritt Islands two spaceports are shown side-by-side on this map. ... Look up aerospace in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


In addition, the state has seen a recent boom in medical and bio-tech industries throughout its major metropolitan areas. Orlando was recently chosen as the official site for the new headquarters of the Burnham Institute, a major bio-tech and medical research company.


The state was one of the few states to not have a state minimum wage law until 2004, when voters passed a constitutional amendment establishing a state minimum wage and (unique among minimum wage laws) mandating that it be adjusted for inflation every six months. Currently, the minimum wage in the state of Florida is $6.67. The minimum wage is the minimum rate a worker can legally be paid (usually per hour) as opposed to wages that are determined by the forces of supply and demand in a free market. ...


Historically, Florida's economy was based upon cattle farming and agriculture (especially sugarcane, citrus, tomatoes, and strawberries). In the early 1900, land speculators discovered Florida, and businessmen such as Henry Plant and Henry Flagler developed railroad systems, which led people to move in, drawn by the weather and local economies. From then on, tourism boomed, fueling a cycle of development that overwhelmed a great deal of farmland. Species Saccharum arundinaceum Saccharum bengalense Saccharum edule Saccharum officinarum Saccharum procerum Saccharum ravennae Saccharum robustum Saccharum sinense Saccharum spontaneum Sugarcane or Sugar cane (Saccharum) is a genus of 6 to 37 species (depending on taxonomic interpretation) of tall perennial grasses (family Poaceae, tribe Andropogoneae), native to warm temperate to tropical... Species & major hybrids Species Citrus aurantifolia - Key lime Citrus maxima - Pomelo Citrus medica - Citron Citrus reticulata - Mandarin & Tangerine Major hybrids Citrus ×sinensis - Sweet Orange Citrus ×aurantium - Bitter Orange Citrus ×paradisi - Grapefruit Citrus ×limon - Lemon Citrus ×limonia - Rangpur lime Citrus ×latifolia - Persian lime See also main text for other hybrids Citrus... For other uses, see Tomato (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Strawberry (disambiguation). ... Henry Bradley Plant, developer and railroad builder on Floridas west coast. ... Henry Morrison Flagler (January 2, 1830 – May 20, 1913) was a United States tycoon, real estate promoter, railroad developer and Rockefeller partner. ... This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ...


In 2004 and 2005, key industries along the west coast — commercial fishing and water-based tourist activities (sports fishing and diving) — were threatened by outbreaks of red tide, a discoloration of seawater caused by an efflorescence of toxin-producing dinoflagellates.


Florida is one of the nine states that do not impose a personal income tax (list of others). The state had imposed a tax on "intangible personal property" (stocks, bonds, mutual funds, money market funds, etc.), but this tax was abolished after 2006. The state sales tax rate is 6%[37]. Local governments may levy an additional local option sales tax of up to 1.5%. A locale's use tax rate is the same as its sales tax rate, including local options, if any. Use taxes are payable for purchases made out of state and brought into Florida within six months of the purchase date. Documentary stamps are required on deed transfers and mortgages. Other taxes include corporate income, communication services, unemployment, solid waste, insurance premium, pollutants, and various fuel taxes.
Tax rates around the world Tax revenue as % of GDP Economic policy Monetary policy Central bank   Money supply Fiscal policy Spending   Deficit   Debt Trade policy Tariff   Trade agreement Finance Financial market Financial market participants Corporate   Personal Public   Banking   Regulation        An income tax is a tax levied on the financial income... States with no state income tax are in red, states taxing only dividend and interest income are in yellow Tax rates around the world Tax revenue as % of GDP Part of the Taxation series        State income tax is an income tax in the United States that is levied by each... A sales tax is a consumption tax charged at the point of purchase for certain goods and services. ... Tax rates around the world Tax revenue as % of GDP Part of the Taxation series        A use tax is a type of excise tax levied in the United States. ... An 1862 US 3-cent stamp used for proprietary articles A revenue stamp, tax stamp or fiscal stamp is a type of adhesive label used to collect taxes or fees on various items. ...


Education

Century Tower, University of Florida.
Century Tower, University of Florida.
Westcott Building at Florida State University
Westcott Building at Florida State University
See also: Education in Florida

Florida's public primary and secondary schools are administered by the Florida Department of Education. Image File history File links CenturyTower. ... Image File history File links CenturyTower. ... The University of Florida (Florida, UFL, or UF) is a public land-grant, research university located in Gainesville, Florida. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (1800 × 1200 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (1800 × 1200 pixel, file size: 1. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...


The State University System of Florida manages and funds Florida's eleven public universities: The State University System of Florida (SUS, or SUSF out-of-state) is a system of universities indirectly governed by the State of Florida. ...

Supplementing the state's public university system is a network of 28 community colleges,with over 100 locations throughout the state.[38] One community college, Miami-Dade College, is the second-largest degree-granting institution in the United States, with over 54,000 students enrolled, and Broward Community College is among the 50 largest colleges and universities.[39] Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University, commonly known as Florida A&M or FAMU (pronounced fam-you), is a historically black university located in Tallahassee, Florida, the state capital, and is one of eleven institutions in Floridas State University System. ... “FAU” redirects here. ... Florida Gulf Coast University is a public, four-year college located in Fort Myers, Florida. ... Florida International University, commonly known as FIU, is a public research university whose main campus is located in University Park in metropolitan Miami, Florida, in the United States. ... Florida State University (commonly referred to as Florida State or FSU)[7] is a public research university located in Tallahassee. ... New College of Florida is a highly selective public liberal arts college located in Sarasota, Florida. ... UCF redirects here. ... University of North Florida State University System of Florida FAMU FAU FGCU FIU FSU NCF UCF UF UNF USF UWF The University of North Florida (UNF) is a public university located in eastern Jacksonville, Florida. ... The University of Florida (Florida, UFL, or UF) is a public land-grant, research university located in Gainesville, Florida. ... The University of South Florida (USF), known within its system as USF Tampa[2][3][4], is a public university system located in Tampa, Florida, USA, with an autonomous campus in St. ... The University of West Florida is a public university, located in Pensacola, Florida. ... Miami Dade College is one of Floridas public community colleges, located in Miami-Dade County, Florida. ... Consistently voted as one of the highest ranked community colleges in the nation, Broward Community College has campuses in six locations in Broward County, Florida. ...


Florida has many private universities as well, the largest of which are Nova Southeastern University, University of Miami, Saint Leo University, and Barry University. The "Independent Colleges and Universities of Florida", a group representing 28 private colleges and universities, reported that their member institutions served over 121,000 students in the fall of 2005.[40] Nova Southeastern University (NSU) is a not-for-profit, independent university, founded in 1964 in Davie, Florida, near Fort Lauderdale. ... This article is about the university in Coral Gables, Florida. ... Saint Leo University is a private, non-profit, Roman Catholic university located in Saint Leo, Florida, next to San Antonio, Florida, which is north of Tampa. ... Barry University is a private Catholic university, which was founded in 1940 in Miami Shores, Florida, a suburb northeast of Miami, Florida. ...


Transportation

See also: Transportation in Florida

Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...

Highways

Florida's interstates, state highways and U.S. Highways are maintained by the Florida Department of Transportation. Interstate Highways in the lower 48 states. ... The two kinds of Florida State Road shield that are currently used. ... Current U.S. Highway shield The United States Highway System is an integrated system of roads in the United States numbered within a nationwide grid. ... The Florida Department of Transportation, or FDOT, is a decentralized agency charged with the establishment, maintenance, and regulation of public transportation in the state of Florida[1]. // Achievements In 1974, FDOT completed Floridas Turnpike, a 450-mile system of limited access toll highways. ...


Florida's interstate highway system contains 1,473 miles (2,371 km) of highway, and there are 9,934 miles (15,987 km) of non-interstate highway in the state, such as Florida state highways and U.S. Highways.


Florida's primary interstate routes include:

Image File history File links I-4. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Interstate 4 An old shield in Orlando, Florida Interstate 4 (abbreviated I-4) is a 132. ... A view of Lakelands business district, early 1920s Lakeland is a city in Polk County, Florida, United States, located approximately midway between Tampa and Orlando along Interstate 4. ... Daytona Beach in 2005 Daytona Beach is a city in Volusia County, Florida, USA. As of 2004, the population estimates recorded by the U.S. Census Bureau is 64,422. ... Image File history File links I-10. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Interstate 10 Interstate 10 (abbreviated I-10) is the southernmost east-west, coast-to-coast interstate highway in the United States. ... Location in Columbia County and the state of Florida Coordinates: , Country State County Columbia Settled 1830 Incorporated 1859 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Stephen M. Witt  - City Manager Scott Reynolds (acting) Area [1] 1  - City  11. ... Image File history File links I-75. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Nickname: Location of Ocala, Florida Coordinates: , Country United States State Florida County Marion County Area  - City  38. ... Cà dZan - a 1925 Sarasota residence that is listed on the National Register of Historic Places Sarasota is a city located in Sarasota County on the central west coast of Florida, USA. Its official limits include Sarasota Bay and several barrier islands between the bay and the Gulf of... Fort Myers is the county seatGR6 and commercial center of Lee County, Florida. ... Location in Collier County and the state of Florida Coordinates: , Country State Counties Collier Settled 6 November 1886 Incorporated (town) 1925 Incorporated (city) 25 May 1949 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Bill Barnett   - City Manager Robert E. Lee  Area [1]  - city  14. ... For other uses, see Alligator Alley (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country State County Broward Established 27 March 1911 Government  - Type Commission-Manager  - Mayor Jim Naugle Area  - City  36. ... Nickname: Location in Miami-Dade County and the state of Florida. ... Miami Lakes is a census-designated place and town located in Miami-Dade County, Florida. ... Image File history File links I-95. ... Interstate 95 (officially the William B. Singer Expressway in Florida)[2] , the main Interstate Highway on the east coast of the United States, serves the Atlantic coast of Florida. ... Daytona Beach in 2005 Daytona Beach is a city in Volusia County, Florida, USA. As of 2004, the population estimates recorded by the U.S. Census Bureau is 64,422. ... The Space Coast is a region in the U.S. state of Florida around Kennedy Space Center, where NASA frequently launches rockets and shuttles into space. ... Palm Bay is a city in Brevard County, Florida, United States. ... Vero Beach has been the Spring training home of the Los Angeles Dodgers since 1948. ... Fort Pierce is a city in St. ... Port St. ... Downtown Stuart Stuart is a city in Martin County, Florida, on Floridas Treasure Coast. ... Nickname: Location in Palm Beach County and the state of Florida. ... Downtown Miami, is the central business district of Miami-Dade County and Miami, Florida. ...

Intercity rail

Florida is served by Amtrak: Sanford, in Greater Orlando, is the southern terminus of the Amtrak Auto Train, which originates at Lorton, Virginia, south of Washington, DC. Orlando is also the eastern terminus of the Sunset Limited, which travels across the southern United States via New Orleans, Houston, and San Antonio to its western terminus of Los Angeles. Florida is served by two additional Amtrak trains (the Silver Star and the Silver Meteor), which operate between New York City and Miami. The high-speed Acela Express in West Windsor, New Jersey. ... Sanford is a city in and the county seatGR6 of Seminole County, Florida, USA. The population was 38,291 at the 2000 census. ... The Orlando-Kissimmee, Florida, Metropolitan Statistical Area, also known as the Orlando Area, Metro Orlando or (more colloquially) Greater Orlando, is the state of Floridas third most densely populated metropolitan region. ... Auto Train is an 855-mile-(1376-km-)long scheduled train service for passengers and their automobiles, operated by Amtrak between Lorton, Virginia (near Washington, D.C.) and Sanford, Florida (near Orlando). ... Lorton is a census-designated place (CDP) in Fairfax County, Virginia, United States. ... Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United... Amtraks eastbound Sunset Limited at the Houston Amtrak station. ... NOLA redirects here. ... Houston redirects here. ... San Antonio redirects here. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... The Silver Service and Palmetto are a group of passenger railway lines operated by Amtrak, connecting New York Penn Station to Tampa, Florida and Miami, Florida. ... The Silver Service and Palmetto are a group of passenger railway lines operated by Amtrak, connecting New York Penn Station to Tampa, Florida and Miami, Florida. ... Midtown Manhattan, looking north from the Empire State Building, 2005 New York City (officially named the City of New York) is the most populous city in the state of New York and the entire United States. ...


Airports

See also: List of airports in Florida

Major international airports in Florida which processed more than 15 million passengers each in 2005 are Orlando International Airport (34,128,048 est. 2006), Miami International Airport (32,533,974 est. 2006), Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport(22,390,285 est. 2006) and Tampa International Airport (19,045,390 est. 2006). List of airports in Florida (U.S. state), grouped by type and sorted by location. ... KMCO redirects here. ... , Destinations with direct service from Miami Miami International Airport (IATA: MIA, ICAO: KMIA, FAA LID: MIA) is a public airport located eight miles (13 km) northwest of the central business district of Miami, in unincorporated Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States. ... , FAA diagram of FLL FLL redirects here. ... FAA diagram of Tampa International Airport (TPA) Tampa International Airport (IATA: TPA, ICAO: KTPA) is a public airport located in Tampa, Florida in the United States, serving the Tampa Bay Area. ...


Secondary airports, with annual passenger traffic exceeding 5 million each in 2005, include Southwest Florida International Airport (Fort Myers) (7,518,169 est. 2006), Palm Beach International Airport (West Palm Beach) (7,014,237 est. 2006), Jacksonville International Airport (5,741,652). Southwest Florida International Airport (IATA: RSW, ICAO: KRSW) is an airport located in South Fort Myers, Florida. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Jacksonville International Airport (IATA: JAX, ICAO: KJAX) is a public airport located 9 miles (14 km) north of the downtown of Jacksonville in Duval County, Florida, United States. ...


Regional Airports which processed over one million passengers each in 2005 are Pensacola (1,638,605), Sarasota-Bradenton (1,337,571), and Tallahassee (1,129,947) and Sanford (1,649,237) which is primarily served by international charter airlines.[41] Pensacola Regional Airport (IATA: PNS, ICAO: KPNS, FAA LID: PNS) is a public airport located 3 miles (5 km) northeast of the city of Pensacola in Escambia County, Florida. ... Sarasota-Bradenton International Airport (IATA: SRQ, ICAO: KSRQ) is an airport located in Sarasota, Florida and just south of Bradenton, Florida. ... Tallahassee Regional Airport (IATA: TLH, ICAO: KTLH) is a public airport located 4 miles (6 km) southwest of the city of Tallahassee in Leon County, Florida. ... Orlando Sanford International Airport (IATA: SFB, ICAO: KSFB) is an airport in Sanford, Florida, near Orlando, Florida. ...


Sports

See also: List of sports teams in Florida
The American Airlines Arena in Miami, home of the Miami Heat.
The American Airlines Arena in Miami, home of the Miami Heat.
Dolphin Stadium in Miami Gardens, home of the Florida Marlins and the Miami Dolphins.
Dolphin Stadium in Miami Gardens, home of the Florida Marlins and the Miami Dolphins.

Although Florida is the traditional home to Major League Baseball's spring training, and nearly 2/3 of all MLB teams still have a spring training presence in the state, Florida did not have a permanent major-league-level professional sports team until the American Football League added the Miami Dolphins in 1966. The state now has three NFL teams, two MLB teams, two NBA teams, and two NHL teams. With two of its most historically-important teams, Florida is one of the most important markets for the Arena Football League. Golf, tennis and auto racing are also popular. Florida also hosts a variety of minor league baseball, football, basketball, ice hockey, soccer and indoor football teams. Although Florida is the traditional home to Major League Baseballs spring training, and nearly 2/3 of all MLB teams still have a spring training presence in the state, Florida did not have a permanent major-league-level professional sports team until the American Football League added the Miami... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 332 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)Digital photo taken by Marc Averette. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 332 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)Digital photo taken by Marc Averette. ... The Miami Heat (known as the HEAT [in all capital letters] on official team publications) are a professional basketball team based in Miami, Florida, United States. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (2848 × 2134 pixel, file size: 939 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Inside of Dolphin Stadium taken before the Dolphins/Vikings game November 19, 2006 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (2848 × 2134 pixel, file size: 939 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Inside of Dolphin Stadium taken before the Dolphins/Vikings game November 19, 2006 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into... This article is about the city in Miami-Dade County, Florida. ... Major league affiliations National League (1993–present) East Division (1993–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 5, 42 Name Florida Marlins (1993–present) Other nicknames The Fish Ballpark Dolphin Stadium (1993–present) a. ... City Miami Gardens, Florida Other nicknames The Fins Team colors Aqua, Coral, White and Navy Head Coach liljimjim Owner Wayne Huizenga General manager Randy Mueller Mascot T.D. League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1966-1969) Eastern Division (1966-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970-present... Major Leagues redirects here. ... A Grapefruit League game at the LA Dodgers camp in Vero Beach, Florida In Major League Baseball, spring training is a series of exhibition games which precedes the regular season. ... The American Football League (AFL) was a professional football league that operated from 1960 until 1969, when all of its teams were absorbed into the National Football League (NFL). ... City Miami Gardens, Florida Other nicknames The Fins Team colors Aqua, Coral, White and Navy Head Coach liljimjim Owner Wayne Huizenga General manager Randy Mueller Mascot T.D. League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1966-1969) Eastern Division (1966-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970-present... NFL redirects here. ... NBA redirects here. ... NHL redirects here. ... The Arena Football League (AFL) was founded in 1987 as an American football indoor league. ... This article is about the sport. ... For other uses, see Tennis (disambiguation). ... A Peugeot 206 World Rally Car Motor racing and Motorsports redirect here. ... This article is about the sport. ... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... This article is about the sport. ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... A player (wearing the red kit) has penetrated the defence (in the white kit) and is taking a shot at goal. ... Indoor football is a variation of American football with rules modified to make it suitable for play within ice hockey arenas. ...

Club Sport League Venue
Jacksonville Jaguars Football National Football League Jacksonville Municipal Stadium
Miami Dolphins Football National Football League Dolphin Stadium
Tampa Bay Buccaneers Football National Football League Raymond James Stadium
Miami Heat Basketball National Basketball Association American Airlines Arena
Orlando Magic Basketball National Basketball Association Amway Arena
Florida Panthers Ice hockey National Hockey League BankAtlantic Center
Tampa Bay Lightning Ice hockey National Hockey League St. Pete Times Forum
Florida Marlins Baseball Major League Baseball Dolphin Stadium
Tampa Bay Rays Baseball Major League Baseball Tropicana Field
Orlando Predators Arena football Arena Football League Amway Arena
Tampa Bay Storm Arena football Arena Football League St. Pete Times Forum

City Jacksonville, Florida Team colors Teal, Black, White, and Gold Head Coach Jack Del Rio Owner Wayne Weaver General manager James Harris Mascot Jaxson de Ville League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1995–present) American Football Conference (1995-present) AFC Central (1995-2001) AFC South (2002-present) Team history Jacksonville... The ball used in American football has a pointed oval shape, and usually has a large set of stitches along one side. ... Jacksonville Municipal Stadium is a football stadium located in downtown Jacksonville, Florida next to the St. ... City Miami Gardens, Florida Other nicknames The Fins Team colors Aqua, Coral, White and Navy Head Coach liljimjim Owner Wayne Huizenga General manager Randy Mueller Mascot T.D. League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1966-1969) Eastern Division (1966-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970-present... Interior of Dolphin Stadium, football configuration Dolphin Stadium (previously known as Joe Robbie Stadium, Pro Player Park, Pro Player Stadium[1], and Dolphins Stadium) is a football, lacrosse, soccer and baseball stadium in Miami Gardens, Florida, a suburb north of Miami. ... City Tampa, Florida Other nicknames The Bucs, Pewter Pirates Team colors Buccaneer Red, Black, Pewter, and Orange Head Coach Jon Gruden Owner Malcolm Glazer General manager Bruce Allen Mascot Captain Fear League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1976–present) American Football Conference (1976) AFC West (1976) National Football Conference (1977... Raymond James Stadium is a stadium for American football and soccer located in Tampa, Florida. ... The Miami Heat (known as the HEAT [in all capital letters] on official team publications) are a professional basketball team based in Miami, Florida, United States. ... This article is about the sport. ... The American Airlines Arena is an arena located in downtown Miami, Florida along Biscayne Bay and is used for basketball games and concerts. ... The Orlando Magic is a professional basketball team based in Orlando, Florida. ... Amway Arena (formerly known as the Orlando Arena, TD Waterhouse Centre, and The Arena in Orlando [1], and colloquially known by the nickname of O-Rena) is an indoor arena in Orlando, Florida. ... For the animal species by this name, see Florida Panther. ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... The BankAtlantic Center (formerly known as the Broward County Civic Arena, the National Car Rental Center and the Office Depot Center) is an indoor arena located in Sunrise, Florida, a suburb of Fort Lauderdale, Florida. ... The Tampa Bay Lightning are a professional ice hockey team based in Tampa, Florida, USA. They are members of the Southeast Division of the Eastern Conference of the National Hockey League (NHL). ... The St. ... Major league affiliations National League (1993–present) East Division (1993–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 5, 42 Name Florida Marlins (1993–present) Other nicknames The Fish Ballpark Dolphin Stadium (1993–present) a. ... This article is about the sport. ... Major league affiliations American League (1998–present) East Division (1998–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 12, 42 Name Tampa Bay Rays (2008–present) Tampa Bay Devil Rays (1998-2007) Other nicknames Ballpark Tropicana Field (1998–present) Major league titles World Series titles (0) none AL Pennants (0) none Division titles... Tropicana Field is a domed stadium in St. ... Conference National Division Southern Year founded 1991 Home arena Hummer Field at Amway Arena City, State Orlando, Florida Head Coach Jay Gruden ArenaBowl championships 2: 1998, 2000 Conference titles 1: 2006 Division titles 7: 1992, 1993, 1994, 1997, 2000, 2002, 2006 Wild Card berths 8: 1995, 1996, 1998, 1999, 2001... Arena football is a sport invented by Jim Foster, a former executive of the United States Football League and the National Football League. ... Conference National Division Southern Year founded 1987 Home arena St. ...

Spring training

Florida is the traditional home for Major League Baseball spring training, with teams informally organized into the "Grapefruit League." As of 2004, Florida hosts the following major league teams for spring training: A Grapefruit League game at the LA Dodgers camp in Vero Beach, Florida Spring training in Major League Baseball is a series of exhibition games which precedes the regular season. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Club Location
Atlanta Braves Walt Disney World
Baltimore Orioles Fort Lauderdale
Boston Red Sox Fort Myers
Cincinnati Reds Sarasota
Cleveland Indians Winter Haven
Detroit Tigers Lakeland
Florida Marlins Jupiter
Houston Astros Kissimmee
Los Angeles Dodgers Vero Beach
Minnesota Twins Fort Myers
New York Mets Port St. Lucie
New York Yankees Tampa
Philadelphia Phillies Clearwater
Pittsburgh Pirates Bradenton
Saint Louis Cardinals Jupiter
Tampa Bay Rays St. Petersburg
Toronto Blue Jays Dunedin
Washington Nationals Viera
Daytona International Speedway
Daytona International Speedway

Major league affiliations National League (1876–present) East Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3, 21, 35, 41, 42, 44 Name Atlanta Braves (1966–present) Milwaukee Braves (1953-1965) Boston Braves (1941-1952) Boston Bees (1936-1940) Boston Braves (1912-1935) Boston Rustlers (1911) Boston Doves (1907-1910) Boston... This article is about the contemporary American major league baseball team. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 4, 8, 9, 27, 42 Name Boston Red Sox (1908–present) Boston Americans (1901-1907) Other nicknames The BoSox, The Olde Towne Team, The Sox Ballpark Fenway Park (1912–present) Huntington Avenue Baseball Grounds... Major league affiliations National League (1890–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 5, 8, 10, 13, 18, 20, 24, 42 Name Cincinnati Reds (1958–present) Cincinnati Redlegs (1953-1958) Cincinnati Reds (1882-1953) Cincinnati Red Stockings (1876-1882) Other nicknames The Redlegs, The Big Red Machine... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3, 5, 14, 18, 19, 21, 42, 455 Name Cleveland Indians (1915–present) Cleveland Naps (1905-1914) Cleveland Bronchos (1902-1904) Cleveland Blues (1901) Other nicknames The Tribe, The Wahoos Ballpark Jacobs Field (1994–present... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1998–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 2, 5, 6, 16, 23, 42, Cobb Name Detroit Tigers (1901–present) Other nicknames The Motor City Kitties, The Bengals, The Tigs, The Bless You Boys Ballpark Comerica Park (2000–present) Tiger Stadium (1912-1999... Major league affiliations National League (1993–present) East Division (1993–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 5, 42 Name Florida Marlins (1993–present) Other nicknames The Fish Ballpark Dolphin Stadium (1993–present) a. ... Major league affiliations National League (1962–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 5, 24, 25, 32, 33, 34, 40, 42, 49 Name Houston Astros (1965–present) Houston Colt . ... Major league affiliations National League (1890–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 2, 4, 19, 20, 24, 32, 39, 42, 53 Name Los Angeles Dodgers (1958–present) Brooklyn Dodgers (1932-1957) Brooklyn Robins (1914-1931) Brooklyn Dodgers (1913) Brooklyn Trolley Dodgers (1911-1912) Brooklyn Superbas (1899... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 3, 6, 14, 29, 34, 42 Name Minnesota Twins (1961–present) Washington Nationals/Senators (1901-1960) Other nicknames The Twinkies Ballpark Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome 1982-present Metropolitan Stadium (1961-1981) Griffith Stadium (1911-1960... Major league affiliations National League (1962–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 14, 37, 41, 42 Name New York Mets (1962–present) Other nicknames The Amazin Mets, The Amazins, The Metropolitans, The Kings of Queens Ballpark Shea Stadium (1964–present) Polo Grounds (1962–1963) Major league... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 8, 9, 10, 15, 16, 23, 32, 37, 44, 49 Name New York Yankees (1913–present) New York Highlanders (1903-1912) Baltimore Orioles (1901-1902) (Also referred to as... Major league affiliations National League (1883–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 14, 20, 32, 36, 42 Name Philadelphia Phillies (1884–present) Philadelphia Quakers (1883-1889) (Also referred to as Blue Jays 1943-1945 despite formal name remaining Phillies) Other nicknames The Phils, The Phightin Phils... This article is about the baseball team. ... The St. ... Major league affiliations American League (1998–present) East Division (1998–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 12, 42 Name Tampa Bay Rays (2008–present) Tampa Bay Devil Rays (1998-2007) Other nicknames Ballpark Tropicana Field (1998–present) Major league titles World Series titles (0) none AL Pennants (0) none Division titles... Major league affiliations American League (1977–present) East Division (1977–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 42 Name Toronto Blue Jays (1977–present) Other nicknames The Jays Ballpark Rogers Centre (1989–present) a. ... Major league affiliations National League (1969–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 42 Name Washington Nationals (2005–present) Montreal Expos (1969-2004) Other nicknames The Nats Ballpark Nationals Ballpark (2008–present) RFK Stadium 2005-2007 Hiram Bithorn Stadium[3] (San Juan) (2003-2004) Olympic Stadium (Montreal) (1977... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 520 KB)Author: jazedon Source: self-owned File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 520 KB)Author: jazedon Source: self-owned File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

Auto-racing tracks

Daytona International Speedway is a superspeedway in Daytona Beach, Florida. ... Homestead-Miami Speedway is a speedway in Homestead, Florida, USA, southwest of Miami. ... Sebring International Raceway is a road course auto racing facility located in Sebring, Florida. ... The Streets of St. ... Walt Disney World Speedway is a racing facility located in Orlando, Florida and is part of the Walt Disney World resort. ...

Sister states

Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Korea. ... Gyeonggi-do is the most populous province in South Korea. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... (Region flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Regional President Departments Aude Gard Hérault Lozère Pyrénées-Orientales Arrondissements 14 Cantons 186 Communes 1,545 Statistics Land area1 27,376 km² Population (Ranked 10th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Venezuela. ... Nueva Esparta State Anthem Motto: none Location within Venezuela Created (given current status) 1909 State capital La Asunción Area    â€¢% 1,150 km² 0,12   (Ranked 23rd) Population    â€¢% 436,900 hab. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... Taiwan Province (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ) is one of the two administrative divisions, referred to as provinces, under effective control of the Republic of China, after the relocation of its government to the national capital of Taipei following the Chinese Civil War. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Wakayama Prefecture ) is part of the Kii Peninsula in the Kinki region on HonshÅ« island, Japan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Africa. ... Capital Cape Town Largest city Cape Town Premier Ebrahim Rasool Area - Total Ranked 4th 129,370 km² Population  - Total (2001)  - Density Ranked 5th 4,524,335 35/km² Elevation Highest point: Seweweekspoort Peak at 2325 meters (7628 feet) Lowest point: sea level Languages Afrikaans (55. ...

See also

State Agencies The following are official state symbols of Florida, as defined by state statutes. ... White cracker, or simply cracker, was originally a pejorative term for a white person mainly used by blacks in the Southern United States, a usage that is now somewhat archaic. ... The Battle of Olustee was the only major Civil War battle fought in Florida. ... This is a list of Florida paved bike trails and paths for bicycles. ... This is a list of sister states, regions, and cities in the U.S. state of Florida. ... Scouting in Florida has a long history, from the 1910s to the present day, serving thousands of youth in programs that suit the environment in which they live. ...

The Marjory Stoneman Douglas Building in Tallahassee, the largest of the agencys headquarters buildings. ... The Florida Department of Transportation, or FDOT, is a decentralized agency charged with the establishment, maintenance, and regulation of public transportation in the state of Florida[1]. // Achievements In 1974, FDOT completed Floridas Turnpike, a 450-mile system of limited access toll highways. ... The Florida Division of Emergency Management (FDEM) is charged with maintaining a comprehensive statewide program of emergency management. ... The Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWC) is a Florida governmental organization created in 1999 with the purpose of regulating the environment and enforcing environmental legislation in the state of Florida. ... The Division of the Florida Highway Patrol (FHP), is a division of the Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles of the State of Florida, a state law enforcement agency with a primary duty to ensure the safety of the highways and roads of the state. ...

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f 2000 Census (ZIP). US Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2007-07-18.
  2. ^ a b Elevations and Distances in the United States. U.S Geological Survey (29 April 2005). Retrieved on November 3, 2006.
  3. ^ Köppen Climate Classification Map. John Abbott College, Geosciences Department. Retrieved on 2007-07-18.
  4. ^ United States population by states, United States Census Bureau.
  5. ^ Smith, Hale G., and Marc Gottlob. 1978. "Spanish-Indian Relationships: Synoptic History and Archaeological Evidence, 1500-1763." In Tacachale: Essays on the Indians of Florida and Southeastern Georgia during the Historic Period. Edited by Jerald Milanich and Samuel Proctor. Gainesville, Florida: University Presses of Florida. ISBN 0-8130-0535-3
  6. ^ Historical Census Browser, accessed 10/31/2007
  7. ^ U.S. Census Bureau News; “Florida, California and Texas to Dominate Future Population Growth, Census Bureau Reports”; April 21, 2005
  8. ^ http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/population/004704.html
  9. ^ Florida Drug Threat Assessment-Overview. National Drug Intelligence Center. Retrieved on 2007-07-18.
  10. ^ [1]
  11. ^ [2]
  12. ^ Florida, the Sunshine State. Welcome to America. Retrieved on 2007-07-18.
  13. ^ Sugarloaf Mountain. ColfCourseHome. Retrieved on 2007-07-18.
  14. ^ Ritter, Michael. Wet/Dry Tropical Climate. University of Wisconsin, Stevens Point. Retrieved on 2007-07-18.
  15. ^ James A. Henry, Kenneth Michael Portier, Jan Coyne, The Climate and Weather of Florida, Pineapple Press, 1994, p. 60. ISBN 1561640360.
  16. ^ Cold Temperatures and Snow Flurries in East-Central Florida. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved on 2007-07-18.
  17. ^ Florida Weather. US Travel Weather.com. Retrieved on 2007-07-18.
  18. ^ Swartz, Kristi E (2007). Emission Concern Unites Industry, Advocates. Harvard University: John F. Kennedy School of Government.
  19. ^ [3]
  20. ^ Many More Hurricanes To Come
  21. ^ A globally consistent reanalysis of hurricane variability and trends
  22. ^ NOAA Attributes Recent Increase In Hurricane Activity To Naturally Occurring Multi-Decadal Climate Variability
  23. ^ Florida To Introduce Tough Greenhouse Gas Targets
  24. ^ Tide's toxins trouble lungs ashore
  25. ^ Spread and Control of Imported Fire Ants: Florida Environment radio
  26. ^ [/www.census.gov/geo/www/cenpop/statecenters.txt Population and Population Centers by State: 2000]. US Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2007-11-17.
  27. ^ Projected Population Growth Through 2015 - April 2005. Business Council of New York State. Retrieved on 2007-11-17.
  28. ^ Florida Factstreet
  29. ^ [4]Historical Census Browser at the University of Virginia (URL accessed 26 August 2006).
  30. ^ News-Press
  31. ^ Most spoken languages in Florida
  32. ^ Florida Information Resource Network (FIRN)
  33. ^ Advance Estimates of GDP by State for 2005 by NAICS Sector. Bureau of Economic Analysis. Retrieved on 2007-11-17.
  34. ^ Commodity Profile: Citrus. Agricultural Issues Center, University of California. Retrieved on 2007-11-17.
  35. ^ {{cite web |url=http://www.ipmcenters.org/cropprofiles/docs/FLCelery.html |title= Crop Profile for Celery in Florida |publisher=NSF Center for Integrated Pest Management, [[North Carolina State University |accessdate=2007-11-17}}
  36. ^ About Phosphate. The Mosaic Company. Retrieved on 2007-11-17.
  37. ^ Florida Sales and Use Tax. State of Florida. Retrieved on 2007-11-17.
  38. ^ Florida Community Colleges. Florida Department of Education. Retrieved on 2007-09-14.
  39. ^ Enrollment of the 120 largest degree-granting college and university campuses, by selected characteristics and institution: Fall 2005. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. Retrieved on 2007-09-14.
  40. ^ Atherton, Blair (August 2006), 2005-2006 Accountability Report: Quality, Productivity, Diversity, and Access, <http://www.icuf.org/_docs/2005-2006_Acct_Report.pdf>. Retrieved on 2007-09-14
  41. ^ 2005 North America Airports Traffic Statistics. Airports Council International. Retrieved on 2007-10-18.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 119th day of the year (120th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is a scientific agency of the United States Department of Commerce focused on the conditions of the oceans and the atmosphere. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... The Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) is an agency in the United States Department of Commerce that provides a comprehensive statistical picture of the economy of the United States. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... Berkeley Davis Irvine Los Angeles Merced Riverside San Diego Santa Barbara Santa Cruz UC Office of the President in Oakland The University of California (UC) is a public university system in the state of California. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... The Mosaic Company (NYSE: MOS) is a Fortune 500 company based in Plymouth, Minnesota. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Airports Council International (ACI) is the leading international trade group of the worlds commercial aviation industry, based in Geneva, Switzerland. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Find more information on Florida by searching Wikipedia's sister projects
Dictionary definitions from Wiktionary
Textbooks from Wikibooks
Quotations from Wikiquote
Source texts from Wikisource
Images and media from Commons
News stories from Wikinews
Learning resources from Wikiversity


Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiquote-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File links WikiNews-Logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiversity-logo-Snorky. ... Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ...

Coordinates: 28° N 81.5° W Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... This article is about the U.S. State. ... For other uses, see Alaska (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... Official language(s) English Capital Little Rock Largest city Little Rock Largest metro area Little Rock Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 29th  - Total 53,179 sq mi (137,002 km²)  - Width 239 miles (385 km)  - Length 261 miles (420 km)  - % water 2. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Official language(s) English Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) English Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport[3] Largest metro area Hartford Metro Area[2] Area  Ranked 48th  - Total 5,543[4] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km)  - % water 12. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Delaware. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Official language(s) English [1] Capital Boise Largest city Boise Largest metro area Boise metropolitan area Area  Ranked 14th  - Total 83,642 sq mi (216,632 km²)  - Width 305 miles (491 km)  - Length 479 miles (771 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (140,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... For other uses, see Indiana (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) English Capital Des Moines Largest city Des Moines Largest metro area Des Moines metropolitan area Area  Ranked 26th  - Total 56,272 sq mi (145,743 km²)  - Width 310 miles (500 km)  - Length 199 miles (320 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) English[2] Capital Topeka Largest city Wichita Area  Ranked 15th  - Total 82,277 sq mi (213,096 km²)  - Width 211 miles (340 km)  - Length 417 miles (645 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Area  Ranked 37th  - Total 40,444 sq mi (104,749 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Official language(s) None (English and French de facto) Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 39th  - Total 33,414 sq mi (86,542 km²)  - Width 210 miles (338 km)  - Length 320 miles (515 km)  - % water 13. ... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Largest metro area Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,407 sq mi (32,133 km²)  - Width 101 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37° 53′ N to 39° 43′ N... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Area  Ranked 12th  - Total 87,014 sq mi (225,365 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 8. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English Capital Jefferson City Largest city Kansas City Largest metro area St Louis[1] Area  Ranked 21st  - Total 69,709 sq mi (180,693 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 300 miles (480 km)  - % water 1. ... Official language(s) English Capital Helena Largest city Billings Area  Ranked 4th  - Total 147,165 sq mi (381,156 km²)  - Width 255 miles (410 km)  - Length 630 miles (1,015 km)  - % water 1  - Latitude 44° 21′ N to 49° N  - Longitude 104° 2′ W to 116° 3′ W Population  Ranked... Official language(s) English Capital Lincoln Largest city Omaha Largest metro area Omaha Area  Ranked 16th  - Total 77,421 sq mi (200,520 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 430 miles (690 km)  - % water 0. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Nevada. ... Official language(s) English Capital Concord Largest city Manchester Area  Ranked 46th  - Total 9,350 sq mi (24,217 km²)  - Width 68 miles (110 km)  - Length 190 miles (305 km)  - % water 4. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Capital Santa Fe Largest city Albuquerque Largest metro area Albuquerque metropolitan area Area  Ranked 5th  - Total 121,665 sq mi (315,194 km²)  - Width 342 miles (550 km)  - Length 370 miles (595 km)  - % water 0. ... This article is about the state. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Largest metro area Charlotte metro area Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 150 miles (240 km)  - Length 560[1] miles (900 km)  - % water 9. ... Official language(s) English Capital Bismarck Largest city Fargo Area  Ranked 19th  - Total 70,762 sq mi (183,272 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 340 miles (545 km)  - % water 2. ... Official language(s) English de facto Capital Columbus Largest city Columbus Largest metro area Greater Cleveland Area  Ranked 34th  - Total 44,825 sq mi (116,096 km²)  - Width 220 miles (355 km)  - Length 220 miles (355 km)  - % water 8. ... For other uses, see Oklahoma (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) (none)[1] Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Official language(s) English Capital Columbia Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Columbia Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32° 2′ N to 35° 13′ N  - Longitude 78° 32′ W to 83... Official language(s) English Capital Pierre Largest city Sioux Falls Area  Ranked 17th  - Total 77,116[1] sq mi (199,905 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 380 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... This article is about the U.S. state of Tennessee. ... Official language(s) No official language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Largest metro area Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Largest metro area Charleston metro area Area  Ranked 41st  - Total 24,244 sq mi (62,809 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 240 miles (385 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) None Capital Madison Largest city Milwaukee Largest metro area Greater Milwaukee Area  Ranked 23rd  - Total 65,498 sq mi (169,790 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 310 miles (500 km)  - % water 17  - Latitude 42° 30′ N to 47° 05′ N  - Longitude 86° 46′ W to... Official language(s) English Capital Cheyenne Largest city Cheyenne Area  Ranked 10th  - Total 97,818 sq mi (253,348 km²)  - Width 280 miles (450 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 0. ... Federal districts are subdivisions of a federal system of government. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... An insular area is United States territory that is neither a part of one of the fifty states nor a part of the District of Columbia, the nations federal district. ... Motto Samoa, Muamua Le Atua(Samoan) Samoa, Let God Be First Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner, Amerika Samoa Capital Pago Pago; Fagatogo (seat of government) Official languages English, Samoan Government  -  Governor Togiola Tulafono United States unincorporated territory  -  Treaty of Berlin 1899   -  Deed of Cession of Tutuila 1900   -  Deed of Cession... Anthem Gi Talo Gi Halom Tase(Chamorro) Satil Matawal Pacifico(Carolinian) Capital Saipan Official languages English, Chamorro, Carolinian Government Presidential representative democracy  -  Head of State George W. Bush  -  Governor Benigno R. Fitial  -  Lt. ... For the board game, see Puerto Rico (board game). ... Motto United in Pride and Hope Anthem Virgin Islands March Capital (and largest city) Charlotte Amalie Official languages English Government  -  Head of State George W. Bush  -  Governor John de Jongh Organized, unincorporated territory  -  Revised Organic Act 22 July 1954  Area  -  Total 346. ... The flag of the United States is used for all of the United States Minor Outlying Islands The United States Minor Outlying Islands, a statistical designation defined by ISO 3166-1, consists of nine insular United States possessions: All of these islands are in the Pacific Ocean except Navassa Island... Baker Island is an uninhabited atoll located just north of the equator in the central Pacific Ocean at 0°13′N 176°31′W, about 3,100 km (1,675 nautical miles) southwest of Honolulu. ... Howland Island Howland Island is an uninhabited atoll located just north of the equator in the central Pacific Ocean at 0°48′N 176°38′W, about 3,100 km (1,675 nautical miles) southwest of Honolulu. ... Jarvis Island (formerly also known as Bunker Island[1]) is an uninhabited 4. ... Johnston Atoll is a 130 km² atoll in the North Pacific Ocean at 16°45′N 169°30′W, about one-third of the way from Hawaii to the Marshall Islands. ... The flag of the US is used for Kingman Reef Kingman Reef Kingman Reef—NASA NLT Landsat 7 (Visible Color) Satellite Image Kingman Reef is a one-square-kilometer tropical coral reef located in the North Pacific Ocean, roughly half way between Hawaiian Islands and American Samoa at 6°24... Orthographic projection centred over Midway. ... Navassa Island map from The World Factbook Navassa Island - NASA NLT Landsat 7 (Visible Color) Satellite Image Navassa Island (La Navase in French, Lanavaz in Haitian Kreyòl) is a small, uninhabited island in the Caribbean Sea. ... Palmyra Atoll - Landsat Image N-03-05_2000 (1:50,000) Palmyra Atoll - Marplot Map (1:50,000) Orthographic projection over Palmyra Atoll Palmyra Atoll, is an incorporated atoll administered by the United States government. ... USGS Landsat 7 ETM+ satellite image of Wake Island. ... Motto Deo Vindice (Latin: Under God, Our Vindicator) Anthem (none official) God Save the South (unofficial) The Bonnie Blue Flag (unofficial) Dixie (unofficial) Capital Montgomery, Alabama (until May 29, 1861) Richmond, Virginia (May 29, 1861–April 2, 1865) Danville, Virginia (from April 3, 1865) Language(s) English (de facto) Religion... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Official language(s) English Capital Little Rock Largest city Little Rock Largest metro area Little Rock Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 29th  - Total 53,179 sq mi (137,002 km²)  - Width 239 miles (385 km)  - Length 261 miles (420 km)  - % water 2. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Largest metro area Charlotte metro area Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 150 miles (240 km)  - Length 560[1] miles (900 km)  - % water 9. ... Official language(s) English Capital Columbia Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Columbia Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32° 2′ N to 35° 13′ N  - Longitude 78° 32′ W to 83... This article is about the U.S. state of Tennessee. ... Official language(s) No official language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Largest metro area Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Image File history File links Confederate_National_Flag_since_Mar_4_1865. ... Historic Southern United States. ... The South Atlantic States form one of the nine divisions within the United States that are formally recognized by that countrys census bureau. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Delaware. ... ... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Largest metro area Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,407 sq mi (32,133 km²)  - Width 101 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37° 53′ N to 39° 43′ N... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Largest metro area Charlotte metro area Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 150 miles (240 km)  - Length 560[1] miles (900 km)  - % water 9. ... Official language(s) English Capital Columbia Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Columbia Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32° 2′ N to 35° 13′ N  - Longitude 78° 32′ W to 83... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Largest metro area Charleston metro area Area  Ranked 41st  - Total 24,244 sq mi (62,809 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 240 miles (385 km)  - % water 0. ... The East South Central States constitute one of the nine geographic divisions within the United States that are officially recognized by that countrys census bureau. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Area  Ranked 37th  - Total 40,444 sq mi (104,749 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. state of Tennessee. ... The West South Central States form one of the nine geographic divisions within the United States that are officially recognized by the United States Census Bureau. ... Official language(s) English Capital Little Rock Largest city Little Rock Largest metro area Little Rock Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 29th  - Total 53,179 sq mi (137,002 km²)  - Width 239 miles (385 km)  - Length 261 miles (420 km)  - % water 2. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... For other uses, see Oklahoma (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) No official language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Largest metro area Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Florida Division of Recreation and Parks (599 words)
The Florida Park Service, managed under the Florida Department of Environmental Protection, was a finalist in the National Recreation and Parks Association Gold Medal award in 1997, and won the Gold Medal in 1999.
Florida’s state park system is one of the largest in the country with 160 parks spanning more than 723,000 acres and 100 miles of sandy white beach.
Florida's state parks are managed and preserved for enjoyment by this and future generations through providing appropriate resource-based recreational opportunities, interpretation and education that help visitors connect to...
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m