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Encyclopedia > Flores
Map of Flores Island
Map of Flores Island

Flores (Portuguese for "flowers") is one of the Lesser Sunda Islands, an island arc with an estimated area of 14,300 km² extending east from the Java island of Indonesia. The population is estimated to be around 1.5 million [1], and the largest town is Maumere. Image File history File links Map showing Flores Island within Indonesia File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... For other articles with similar names, see Flower (disambiguation). ... Map of Lesser Sunda Islands The Nusa Tenggara, or Lesser Sunda Islands, are a group of islands in the middle-south part of the Malay Archipelago. ... An island arc is a type of archipelago formed by plate tectonics as one oceanic tectonic plate subducts under another and produces magma. ... Java (Indonesian, Javanese, and Sundanese: Jawa) is an island of Indonesia, and the site of its capital city, Jakarta. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ...


Flores is located east of Sumbawa and Komodo and west of Lembata and the Alor Archipelago. To the southeast is Timor. To the south, across the Sumba strait, is Sumba and to the north, beyond the Flores Sea, is Sulawesi. Sumbawa is an Indonesian island, located in the middle of the Lesser Sunda Islands chain, with Lombok to the west, Flores to the east, and Sumba further to the southeast. ... Komodo is an island of Indonesia, one of the places where the Komodo Dragon can be found in the wild. ... Pulau Lembata (the island of Lembata), formerly known as Pulau Lomblen, is a volcanic island located next to the islands of Adonara and Solor in the east of Flores. ... The Alor archipelago is located at the eastern-most end of the chain of islands that runs through southern Indonesia, which from the west include such islands as Java, Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa, Flores, Solor and Lomblen. ... Map of Timor Timor Island from space, November 1989. ... Sumba is an Indonesian island. ... The Flores Sea covers 93,000 square miles (240,000 square kilometres) of water in the South Pacific. ... Sulawesi (formerly Celebes ) is a large island in Indonesia. ...

Contents

Administration

Flores is part of the East Nusa Tenggara province. The island is split into five regencies (local government districts); from west to east these are: Manggarai, Ngada, Ende, Sikka and Flores Timur. Map showing East Nusa Tenggara province in Indonesia East Nusa Tenggara (Indonesian: Nusa Tenggara Timur) a province of Indonesia, located in the eastern portion Lesser Sunda Islands, including West Timor. ... A regency (kabupaten) is a political subdivision of a province in Indonesia. ... Ende Regency is one of the five regencies which divide the island of Flores, East Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia. ... Sikka is a regency in East Nusa Tenggara province, Indonesia, on the island Flores. ...


Geography

Wawo Muda Volcano, which errupted in 2001
Wawo Muda Volcano, which errupted in 2001

Flores has several active and dormant volcanoes, including Egon, Ilimuda, Leroboleng, and Lewotobi (see the full list). Image File history File links WawoMudaVolcano. ... Image File history File links WawoMudaVolcano. ... This article is about volcanoes in geology. ... Mount Egon is a volcano located in the southeastern part of the island of Flores, Indonesia. ... Ilimuda is a volcano located in the eastern part of the island of Flores, Indonesia. ... Leroboleng is a volcano located in the eastern part of the island of Flores, Indonesia. ... Lewotobi is a twin volcano located in the southeastern part of the island of Flores, Indonesia. ... Main article: List of terrestrial volcanoes This is a list of active and extinct volcanoes. ...


Flora and fauna

The west coast of Flores is one of the few places, aside from the island of Komodo itself, where the Komodo dragon can be found in the wild. The Flores giant rat is also endemic to the Island. Komodo is an island of Indonesia, one of the places where the Komodo Dragon can be found in the wild. ... Binomial name Varanus komodoensis Ouwens, 1912 The Komodo dragon (Varanus komodoensis) is the largest living lizard in the world, growing to an average length of 2-3 meters (approximately 6. ... Binomial name Papagomys armandvillei (Jentink, 1892) The Flores Giant Rat (Papagomys armandvillei) occurs on the island of Flores in Indonesia. ...


In September 2004, at Liang Bua Cave in western Flores, paleoanthropologists discovered skeletons of a previously unknown hominid species. Homo floresiensis, affectionately termed hobbits after the small characters in the Lord of the Rings, appear to be miniaturized versions of Homo erectus standing about one metre tall. They may have existed until as recently as 11,000 BC. Local reports of elf-like people, the Ebu Gogo, or the Orang Pendek of Sumatra, have caused speculation that Flores man may have survived into the historical period, or even to the present. The discovery has been published in the October 28, 2004, issue of Nature magazine and the April 2005 issue of the National Geographic Magazine. [2] However, on August 21, 2006, the National Geographic Newsletter published an article reporting that several scientists now believe that the remains discovered in 2004 were not of a different species but were pygmies. Flores was also a habitat of the extinct Stegodon dwarf elephant until approximately 18,000 years ago. The Liang Bua Cave is a one of numerous caves found on the Island of Flores, in East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia. ... Paeloanthropology is the branch of physical anthropology that focuses on the study of human evolution. ... Genera The hominids are the members of the biological family Hominidae (the great apes), which includes humans, chimpanzees, gorillas, and orangutans. ... In biology, a species is one of the basic units of biodiversity. ... Binomial name †Homo floresiensis P. Brown , 2004 Homo floresiensis (Man of Flores) is the proposed name for a possible species in the genus Homo, remarkable for its small body, small brain, and survival until relatively recent times. ... In J. R. R. Tolkiens fictional universe of Middle-earth, Hobbits are a subset of the race of Men, sometimes considered a separate race. ... The Lord of the Rings is an epic high fantasy novel written by J. R. R. Tolkien. ... Binomial name †Homo erectus (Dubois, 1892) Synonyms † Pithecanthropus erectus † Sinanthropus pekinensis † Javanthropus soloensis † Meganthropus paleojavanicus Homo erectus (upright man) is an extinct species of genus Homo. ... The metre, or meter (US), is a measure of length. ... The Upper Paleolithic (or Upper Palaeolithic) is the third and last subdivision of the Paleolithic or Old Stone Age as it is understood in Europe, Africa and Asia. ... A small forest elf (älva) rescuing an egg, from Solägget (1932), by Elsa Beskow An elf is a mythical creature of Germanic mythology/paganism which still survives in northern European folklore. ... Ebu Gogo is a human-like creature (or race of creatures) which appears in the mythology of the people of the island of Flores, Indonesia, of similar mythical form to the leprechaun or elf. ... The Orang Pendek or Orang Pendak is a cryptid that is supposedly an unclassified species of primate similar to the orangutan that inhabits remote regions of the island of Sumatra. ... October 28 is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 64 days remaining. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... First title page, November 4, 1869 Nature is one of the oldest and most reputable scientific journals, first published on 4 November 1869. ... 2005 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December- → Deaths in April • 26: Augusto Roa Bastos • 24: Ezer Weizman • 23: Sir Joh Bjelke-Petersen • 23: John Mills • 16: Marla Ruzicka • 9: Andrea Dworkin • 6: Prince Rainier III • 5: Dale Messick • 5: Saul Bellow • 2: Pope John... The National Geographic Society was founded in the USA on January 27, 1888, by 33 men interested in organizing a society for the increase and diffusion of geographical knowledge. ... Generally speaking, pygmy (from Greek pygmaios, fist sized, a kind of dwarf in Greek mythology) can refer to any human or animal of unusually small size, for example, the pygmy hippopotamus. ... Stegodon is a genus of the extinct subfamily Stegodontinae of the order Proboscidea. ...


Culture

A statue of Jesus in Maumere, Flores
A statue of Jesus in Maumere, Flores

There are many languages spoken on the island of Flores, all of them belonging to the Austronesian family. In the centre of the island in the districts of Ngada and Ende there is what is variously called the Central Flores Dialect Chain or the Central Flores Linkage. Within this area there are slight linguistic differences in almost every village. At least six separate languages are identifiable. These are from west to east: Ngadha, Nage, Keo, Ende, Lio and Palu'e, which is spoken on the island with the same name of the north coast of Flores. Locals would probably also add So'a and Bajawa to this list, which anthropologists have labeled dialects of Ngadha. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (480x640, 134 KB) Summary A statue of Jesus in Maumere, Flores, a Catholic Indonesian island. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (480x640, 134 KB) Summary A statue of Jesus in Maumere, Flores, a Catholic Indonesian island. ... The Austronesian languages are a language family widely dispersed throughout the islands of Southeast Asia and the Pacific ( with a few members spoken on continental Asia). ... Ende Regency is one of the five regencies which divide the island of Flores, East Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia. ... Linguistics is the scientific study of human language. ... Ngadha is one of six languages spoken on the island of Flores, Indonesia. ... Flores Island is shown highlighted in yellow near the bottom The Nage people are a little-known primitive tribe living on the remote eastern Indonesian island of Flores. ... Lio is a Belgian singer and actress, born as Wanda Ribeiro de Vasconcelos in 1962 in Mangualde, Portugal. ... Palue Island is an island located north of Flores Island in the Flores Sea. ...


Portuguese traders and missionaries came to Flores in the 16th century, mainly to Larantuka and Sikka. Their influence is still discernible in Sikka's language and culture. Sikka is a regency in East Nusa Tenggara province, Indonesia, on the island Flores. ...


Flores is almost entirely Catholic and represents one of the "religious borders" created by the Catholic expansion in the Pacific and the spread of Islam from the west across Indonesia. In other places in Indonesia, such as in the Malukus and Sulawesi, the divide is more rigid and has been the source of bloody sectarian clashes.


Tourism

Maumere Bay
Maumere Bay
Bena Village
Bena Village


The most famous tourist attraction in Flores is Kelimutu; three coloured lakes in the district of Ende. These coloured lakes change colours on a regular basis. The latest colours (late 2004) were said to be turquoise, brown and black. Image File history File links MaumereBay. ... Image File history File links MaumereBay. ... Image File history File links FloresFishingBoat. ... Image File history File links FloresFishingBoat. ... Image File history File links BenaVillage. ... Image File history File links BenaVillage. ... Two eastern volcanic lakes of Kelimutu Kelimutu is a small but well-known Indonesian volcano in central Flores Island with three summit crater lakes of varying colors. ...


There is good snorkelling and diving on several locations along the north coast of Flores, most notably Maumere and Riung. However, due to the destructive practice of local fishermen using bombs to fish, and locals selling shells to tourists, combined with the after effects of a devastating tsunami in 1992, the reefs have slowly been destroyed. Snorkeling is the practice of swimming at the surface of a body of water (typically of the sea) equipped with a mask and a short tube called a snorkel, to explore the underwater environment. ... Diving refers to there sport of acrobatically jumping or falling into water. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ...


Labuanbajo (on the western tip of Flores) is a town often used by tourists, from where they can visit Komodo and Rinca. Labuanbajo also attracts scuba divers, as whale sharks inhabit the waters around Labuanbajo. Komodo is an island of Indonesia, one of the places where the Komodo Dragon can be found in the wild. ... (indonesian spelling - Rinca is also used. ... Binomial name Rhincodon typus Smith, 1828 The whale shark (Rhincodon typus) is a large, distinctively marked member of the subclass Elasmobranchii of the class Chondrichthyes. ...


Tourists can visit Luba and Bena villages to see traditional houses in Flores.


References

Indonesia Portal
  • Flores Man special at Nature.com

Image File history File links Portal. ...

See also

Coordinates: 8°37′S 121°08′E Flores Island is shown highlighted in yellow near the bottom The Nage people are a little-known primitive tribe living on the remote eastern Indonesian island of Flores. ... Maximum extent of Portuguese colonial possessions in the 16th century. ... A map showing the territory that the Netherlands held at various points in history. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


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