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Encyclopedia > Florence, Alabama
Florence, Alabama
Nickname: "Flo-Town"
"Alabama's Renassaince City"
Location in Lauderdale County and the state of Alabama
Location in Lauderdale County and the state of Alabama
Country United States
State Alabama
Counties Lauderdale
Area
 - City  25 sq mi (64.8 km²)
 - Land  24.9 sq mi (64.6 km²)
 - Water  0.1 sq mi (0.2 km²)
Population (2006)[1]
 - City 36,721
 - Density 1,450.6/sq mi (566.68/km²)
Florence
Florence

Florence city is the seat of Lauderdale County, which is situated in the northwest corner of the U.S. state of Alabama. This article or section seems to contain too many examples (or of a poor quality) for an encyclopedia entry. ... Image File history File links Lauderdale_County_Alabama_Incorporated_and_Unincorporated_areas_Florence_Highlighted. ... Lauderdale County is a county of the State of Alabama. ... Official language(s) English Capital Montgomery Largest city Birmingham Area  Ranked 30th  - Total 52,419 sq mi (135,765 km²)  - Width 190 miles (306 km)  - Length 330 miles (531 km)  - % water 3. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states, which are... Official language(s) English Capital Montgomery Largest city Birmingham Area  Ranked 30th  - Total 52,419 sq mi (135,765 km²)  - Width 190 miles (306 km)  - Length 330 miles (531 km)  - % water 3. ... List of 67 counties in the U.S. state of Alabama: Autauga County Baldwin County Barbour County Bibb County Blount County Bullock County Butler County Calhoun County Chambers County Cherokee County Chilton County Choctaw County Clarke County Clay County Cleburne County Coffee County Colbert County Conecuh County Coosa County Covington... Lauderdale County is a county of the State of Alabama. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (3072 × 2304 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (3072 × 2304 pixel, file size: 2. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Lauderdale County is a county of the State of Alabama. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of the... Official language(s) English Capital Montgomery Largest city Birmingham Area  Ranked 30th  - Total 52,419 sq mi (135,765 km²)  - Width 190 miles (306 km)  - Length 330 miles (531 km)  - % water 3. ...


According to the 2005 Census Bureau estimates, the city's population was 36,721.[1]


Florence is the largest and principal city of the Florence - Muscle Shoals Metropolitan Statistical Area known as "The Shoals" (which includes Muscle Shoals, Sheffield, and Tuscumbia metropolitan areas and Colbert and Lauderdale counties). Florence is considered the primary economic hub of northwestern Alabama. In the United States, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has produced a formal definition of metropolitan areas, which are organized around county boundaries. ... The Shoals is a metropolitan area in western Alabama including the cities of Florence, AL, Muscle Shoals, AL, Tuscumbia, AL, and Sheffield, AL. As well as the counties of Lauderdale, and Colbert. ... Muscle Shoals is a city, famous for its music and contributions to American popular music, in Colbert County, Alabama, USA. As of the 2000 census, the population of the city is 11,924, and is included in The Shoals MSA. // Muscle Shoals is located at (34. ... Sheffield is a city located in Colbert County, Alabama. ... Tuscumbia is a city in Colbert County, Alabama, United States. ... Colbert County is a county of the State of Alabama. ...


Florence was surveyed for the Cypress Land Company in 1818 by Italian surveyor Ferdinand Sannoner, who named it after Florence, the capital of Tuscany. Florence, Alabama was incorporated in 1826. Surveyor at work with a leveling instrument. ... Florence (Italian: ) is the capital city of the region of Tuscany, Italy. ... Tuscany (Italian: ) is one of the 20 Regions of Italy. ... The oldest surviving photograph, Nicéphore Niépce, circa 1826 1826 (MDCCCXXVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


Florence is the birthplace of W.C. Handy, the "Father of the Blues," as well as of pioneering record producer Sam Phillips, who discovered Elvis Presley. T.S. Stribling, a 20th-century author and Florence resident, wrote a prose trilogy about the city consisting of The Forge, The Store (which won the Pulitzer Prize), and Unfinished Cathedral. Dred Scott also once resided in Florence, where as a slave, he worked as a hostler at the Peter Blow Inn on Tennessee street. A plaque at the former site commemorates his time there. Bobby W. Miller, who marched with Dr. M.L. King, Jr. in Selma, Alabama in 1965, was credited later with ending segregated locker rooms at the Ford Motor Company Die Cast Plant in Sheffield, Alabama, where he was employed from 1962-1974. Miller was shot down twice in Vietnam and was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross and Air Medal.Tom York lived in Florence and is a graduate of the University of North Alabama and spent eight years in radio in Florence (WLAY). In 1957, he joined WBRC-TV in Birmingham, Alabama as their sports director. He also originated the Tom York Morning Show (one of America's longest running one hour local talk shows) on the air for 32 years. He was awarded an Emmy by the National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences in 1995.[1] William Christopher Handy (November 16, 1873 – March 28, 1958) was a blues composer and musician, often known as the Father of the Blues. ... In the music industry, a record producer (or music producer) has many roles, among them controlling the recording sessions, coaching and guiding the musicians, organizing and scheduling production budget and resources, and supervising the recording, mixing and mastering processes. ... Sam Phillips, born Samuel Cornelius Phillips (January 5, 1923 – June 30, 2003), was a record producer who played an important role in the emergence of rock and roll as the major form of popular music in the 1950s. ... Elvis Aron Presley (January 8, 1935 – August 16, 1977), often known simply as Elvis and also called The King of Rock n Roll or simply The King, was an American singer, musician and actor. ... Thomas Sigismund Stribling (b. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... The Store is a 1932 novel by Thomas Sigismund Stribling. ... The Pulitzer Prize is an American award regarded as the highest national honor in print journalism, literary achievements, and musical composition. ... Dred Scott Dred Scott (ca. ... An ostler is a person employed in a stable to take care of horses. ... Bobby W. Miller was born December 27, 1940, Florence, Alabama. ... Selma is a city in Alabama located on the banks of the Alabama River in Dallas County, Alabama, of which it is the county seat. ... Ford Motor Company is an American multinational corporation and the worlds third largest automaker based on worldwide vehicle sales. ... Sheffield is a city located in Colbert County, Alabama. ... The Distinguished Flying Cross (D.F.C.) is a decoration for courage shown in air combat. ...


Florence is renown for its annual tourism events, including W.C. Handy Music Festival in the summer, and the Renaissance Faire in the autumn. Florencian landmarks include the Rosenbaum House, the only Frank Lloyd Wright-designed home located in the Southeast. The exterior of the Rosenbaum House The interior of the Rosenbaum House The Rosenbaum House is a single-family house, designed by architect Frank Lloyd Wright and built for Stanley and Mildred Rosenbaum in Florence, Alabama. ... Frank Lloyd Wright (June 8, 1867 – April 9, 1959) was one of the worlds most prominent and influential architects. ...


The type of municipal government is mayor-council.

Contents

Geography

Florence is located at 34°49′13″N, 87°39′46″W (34.820287, -87.662860).GR1


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Florence has a total area of 64.8 km² (25.0 mi²): 64.6 km² (24.9 mi²) of it is land, and 0.3 km² (0.1 mi²) of it (0.40%) is water. Florence is located on Wilson Lake and Pickwick Lake, bodies of water on the Tennessee River dammed by Wheeler and Wilson Dams. Wheeler Lake was created by the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), one of several alphabet agencies of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's New Deal. Wilson Dam, authorized by President Woodrow Wilson in 1918, was the first dam constructed on the Tennessee River. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Wilson Lake is the reservoir created by Wilson Dam as part of the Tennessee Valley Authority. ... Pickwick Lake is the reservoir created by Pickwick Landing Dam as part of the Tennessee Valley Authority. ... A riverboat passing under the Henley Street Bridge on the Tennessee River. ... Wheeler Lake is located in north Alabama between Rogersville and Huntsville. ... Wilson Dam is a dam in Lauderdale County in the U.S. state of Alabama. ... Wheeler Lake area Wheeler Lake is located in north Alabama between Rogersville and Huntsville. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Cartoon parody of FDRs New Deal using alphabet cards In 1933 President Franklin D. Roosevelt launched his New Deal to deal with the Great Depression. ... FDR redirects here. ... The New Deal was the title President Franklin D. Roosevelt gave to the series of programs he initiated between 1933 and 1938 with the goal of providing relief, recovery, and reform (3 Rs) to the people and economy of the United States during the Great Depression. ... Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856 – February 3, 1924), was the 28th President of the United States. ...


Demographics

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 36,264 people, 15,820 households, and 9,555 families residing in the city. The population density was 561.6/km² (1,454.6/mi²). There were 17,707 housing units at an average density of 274.2/km² (710.2/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 78.39% White, 19.20% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.62% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.54% from other races, and 0.97% from two or more races. 1.34% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ...


There were 15,820 households, out of which 25.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them: 43.6% were married couples living together, 14.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.6% were non-families. Nearly 33.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20, and the average family size was 2.82. “Spouse” redirects here. ...


In the city, the population was spread out with 21.4% under the age of 18, 13.7% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 17.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 84.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.7 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $28,330, and the median income for a family was $40,577. Males had a median income of $34,398 versus $21,385 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,464. About 14.4% of families and 20.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.9% of those under age 18 and 13.3% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Education

Situated in Florence, and founded in 1830 as LaGrange College, the University of North Alabama, a public, co-educational, higher education institution, is Alabama's oldest state-certified university. The University of North Alabama (abbreviated UNA) is a coeducational university located in Florence, Alabama, and the states oldest public university. ...


Florence City Schools is the organization of the K-12 public school system. Florence High School (grades 10-12) is the main high school, with an enrollment of approximately 1,000 students. It was created by a merge between the previous Coffee High School and Henry A. Bradshaw High School. The merger also led to the creation of Florence Middle School (grades 7-8) and the Florence Freshman Center (grade 9). Florence City High School has a dress code that is considered to be relatively more strict, as compared to the previous two high schools which were merged. Florence City Schools is the public school district of Florence, Alabama. ...


There are four private schools in Florence: St. Joseph Regional Catholic School (K-8), Mars Hill Bible School, Shoals Christian School, and Florence Christian Academy. Those are multi-denominational, private K-12 schools.


Culture and events

Florence's McFarland Park is a resting point for riders in the annual Trail of Tears Commemorative Motorcycle Ride, which terminates in nearby Waterloo. The ride commemorates the final point at which area Cherokee Native Americans were shipped off to Oklahoma and the mid-west by the Indian Removal Act of 1830. The Indian Removal Act of 1830 was a law passed by the United States Congress and signed by President Andrew Jackson to facilitate the removal of American Indian tribes living east of the Mississippi River in the United States to lands further west. ...


The Florence Indian Mound is the largest of its type in the Tennessee Valley Region. The mound, which measures 310Hx230Wx42D (feet) and named "Wawmanona" was built circa 500 A.D. and is thought to be locale for tribal ceremony and ritual. A museum is adjacent to the base.


Pope's Tavern, is a renowned historical stop and served as a hospital along the way of many skirmishing Civil War soldiers from the North and South, and is one of Florence's oldest standing structures.


The Mariott Shoals Hotel & Spa, a four-diamond facility, formerly the Florence Conference Center, also features a revolving restaurant atop the Renaissance Tower, both which are nearby the Robert Trent Jones Golf Trail and overlook the Tennessee River and Wilson Dam. Robert Trent Jones, Sr. ... A riverboat passing under the Henley Street Bridge on the Tennessee River. ...


Florence Harbor Marina is situated on Pickwick lake adjacent to McFarland Park.


The Kennedy-Douglass Center for the Arts is the center for numerous cultural activities, exhibits and events, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places, and provides administrative offices for Florence's six museums. A typical plaque showing entry on the National Register of Historic Places. ...


Florence also has a Children's Museum.


Florence is home to one of the oldest Disc Golf courses in the State. It is at Veterans Park, and was established in 1983. A player putting at Cass Benton Disc Golf Course; Northville, Michigan. ...


The recently completed and redesigned Florence/Lauderdale Public Library opened its doors in 2002.


The George Lindsey/UNA Film Festival has been ongoing for nine years, and is named in honor of George Lindsey, an actor who is most famous for his character portrayal of "Goober Pyle" on The Andy Griffith Show (television series). Mr. Lindsey is a UNA (then known as Florence State College) graduate. The George Lindsey/UNA Film Festival was established in 1998 by George Lindsey, most well known as the actor that played Goober Pyle on The Andy Griffith Show. ... George Lindsey (born December 17, 1935) is an American character actor, born in Jasper, Alabama. ... The Andy Griffith Show is an American television series that aired on CBS from October 3rd, 1960 to April 1st, 1968. ...


Florence is also the current host of the NCAA Division II National Football Championship Game, an event operated by the Shoals National Championship Committee, the University of North Alabama, and the National Collegiate Athletic Association.


The Rosenbaum House, on Riverview Drive, is the only Frank Lloyd Wright building in the state. The exterior of the Rosenbaum House The interior of the Rosenbaum House The Rosenbaum House is a single-family house, designed by architect Frank Lloyd Wright and built for Stanley and Mildred Rosenbaum in Florence, Alabama. ... Frank Lloyd Wright (June 8, 1867 – April 9, 1959) was one of the worlds most prominent and influential architects. ...

See also: List of Registered Historic Places in Lauderdale County, Alabama

List of Registered Historic Places in Lauderdale County, Alabama: // Cherry Street Historic District — Cherry St. ...

Transportation

Florence is accessed from U.S. Route 43 and U.S. Route 72. U.S. Highway 43 is a north-south United States highway that runs for 410 miles (649 km) from central Tennessee to Mobile, Alabama. ... MAJOR JUNCTIONS JUNCTION MILEPOST Tennessee US 64/70/79 MEM 0. ...


Media

Florence is served by the TimesDaily newspaper, among others. TimesDaily is the daily newspaper for Florence, AL. It is owned by the New York Times Company. ...


References

  1. ^ a b Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places in Alabama, Listed Alphabetically: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2006 (CSV). 2007 Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division (June 28, 2007). Retrieved on June 28, 2007.

The comma-separated values (or CSV; also known as a comma-separated list or Comma-Separated Variable) file format is a file type that stores tabular data. ... is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Florence, Alabama - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1119 words)
Florence city is the seat of Lauderdale County which is situated in the northwest corner of Alabama.
Florence is the largest and principal city of the Florence - Muscle Shoals Metropolitan Statistical Area known as "The Shoals" (which includes Muscle Shoals, Sheffield, and Tuscumbia metropolitan areas and Colbert and Lauderdale counties).
Florence is the birthplace of W.C. Handy, the "Father of the Blues," as well as of pioneering record producer Sam Phillips, whom discovered Elvis Presley.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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