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Encyclopedia > Fletcher Christian

Fletcher Christian (September 25, 1764October 3, 1793) was a Master's Mate on board the Bounty during William Bligh's fateful voyage to Tahiti for breadfruit plants (see Mutiny on the Bounty).  It was Christian who seized command[1]  of the Bounty from Bligh on April 28, 1789. is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1764 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1793 (MDCCXCIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... Master Mariner is the official title of someone qualified to command a ship; the qualification is colloquially called a Masters Ticket. The term was introduced in the mid 19th century, and is usually held by the chief officer/first mate as well as the captain). ... for other meaning see Mutiny on the Bounty (disambiguation) The mutineers turning Lt Bligh and some of the officers and crew adrift from HMAV Bounty, 29 April 1789 The Mutiny on the Bounty was a historical event in the late 18th century, most widely known through fiction, of an officer... 1814 portrait of William Bligh Vice-Admiral William Bligh FRS RN (9 September 1754 – 7 December 1817) was an officer of the British Royal Navy and colonial administrator. ... Tahiti is the largest island in the Windward group of the French Polynesia, located in the archipelago of Society Islands in the southern Pacific Ocean. ... Binomial name Artocarpus altilis (Parkinson) Fosberg The Breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis) is a tree and fruit native to the Malay Peninsula and western Pacific islands. ... For other uses, see Mutiny on the Bounty (disambiguation). ... is the 118th day of the year (119th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1789 (MDCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ...

Contents

Life

Christian was born on September 25, 1764 at his family home of Moorland Close, near Brigham, Cumbria. Fletcher Christian was the second youngest son of Charles Christian (December 12, 1729 - March 11, 1768) and Ann Dixon (1730 - c. 1812) who were to have ten children, six of whom survived infancy. Fletcher's father, Charles Christian, was descended from a long line of Manx gentry, his paternal grandparents were John Christian (May 14, 1688 - September 20, 1745) and Bridget Senhouse (c. 1693 - September 27, 1749). John could trace his ancestry back to William the Conqueror. The surname Christian is an Anglicization of the Manx name McCrystyn. Bridget could trace her ancestry back to Edward I. Fletcher's mother, Ann Dixon, was of an old, well-established Cumberland family, her mother being one of the powerful Fletcher clan; it was after his maternal grandmother's family that Fletcher Christian was named. His maternal grandparents were Jacob Dixon and Mary Fletcher. Charles' marriage to Ann brought with it the small but respectable property of Moorland Close, "a quadrangle pile of buildings...half castle, half farmstead."[2] Charles died in 1768 when Fletcher was not yet four. Ann proved herself grossly irresponsible with money. By 1779, when Fletcher was fifteen, Ann had run up a staggering debt of nearly £6,500,[2] and faced the very real prospect of debtors' prison. Ultimately Moorland Close was lost, and Ann and her three younger children were forced to flee to the Isle of Man where English creditors had no power. The three elder Christian sons managed to arrange a £40 per year annuity for their mother, allowing the family to live in genteel poverty. In the mean time, Christian had spent seven years at the Cockermouth Free School from the age of nine. While there one of his younger contemporaries was Cockermouth native William Wordsworth.[3]He next appears in 1783, now eighteen years old, on the muster rolls of H.M.S.Eurydice outward bound for a twenty-one month voyage to India. The ship's muster shows Christian's conduct was more than satisfactory because "...some seven months out from England, he had been promoted from midshipman to master's mate".[4]Christian twice sailed to Jamaica with Bligh. Following the mutiny, Christian attempted to build a colony on Tubuai, but the mutineers terrorized the natives.  Abandoning the island, he stopped briefly in Tahiti where he married Maimiti, the daughter of one of the local chiefs, on June 16, 1789.[5]  While on Tahiti he dropped off sixteen crewmen.  These sixteen included four Bligh loyalists who had been left behind on the Bounty and two who had neither participated in, nor resisted the mutiny. The remaining nine mutineers, six Tahitian men, and eleven Tahitian women then settled on Pitcairn Island where they stripped the Bounty of all that could be floated ashore before Matthew Quintal set it on fire. This sexual imbalance, combined with the effective enslavement of the Tahitian men by the mutineers, led to insurrection and the deaths of most of the men. The American seal-hunting ship Topaz visited the island in 1808 and found only one mutineer, John Adams (who had used the alias Alexander Smith while on the Bounty), still alive along with nine Tahitian women.  The mutineers who had perished had, however, already had children with their Tahitian wives. Most of these children were still living. Adams and Maimiti claimed Christian had been murdered during the conflict between the Tahitian men and the mutineers. According to an account by a Pitcairnian woman named Jenny who left the island in 1817, Christian was shot while working by a pond next to the home of his pregnant wife. Along with Christian, four other mutineers and all six of the Tahitian men who had come to the island were killed in the conflict. One of the four surviving mutineers fell off a cliff while intoxicated and was killed, and Quintal was later killed by the remaining two mutineers after he attacked them. Christian was survived by Maimiti and his son, Thursday October Christian (born 1790), who was the ancestor of almost everybody surnamed Christian on Pitcairn and Norfolk Islands, as well as the many descendants who have moved to Australia and New Zealand. Besides Thursday October, Fletcher Christian also had a younger son named Charles Christian (Born 1792) and a daughter Mary Ann Christian (Born 1793). Rumors have persisted for more than two hundred years that Christian's murder may have been faked, that he had left the island, and that he made his way back to England. Many scholars believe that the rumors of Christian returning to England helped to inspire Samuel Taylor Coleridge's The Rime of the Ancient Mariner.[6]There is no portrait or drawing extant of Fletcher Christian that was drawn from life. Bligh described Christian as "5 ft. 9 in. high. Dark Swarthy Complexion.  Hair - Blackish or very dark brown.  Make - Strong.  A Star tatowed [sic] on his left Breast, and tatowed on the backside.  His knees stand a little out and he may be called a little Bowlegged.  He is subject to Violent perspiration, particularly in his hand, so that he Soils anything he handles."[citation needed] is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1764 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The village of Brigham, near the town of Cockermouth, Cumbria United Kingdom has existed as a settlement and religious centre since neolithic times. ... is the 346th day of the year (347th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events July 30 - Baltimore, Maryland is founded. ... is the 70th day of the year (71st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1768 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Events Pope Clement XII elected September 17 - Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Ahmed III (1703-1730) to Mahmud I (1730-1754) Anna Ivanova (Anna I of Russia) became czarina Births April 16 - Henry Clinton, British general (d. ... For the overture by Tchaikovsky, see 1812 Overture; For the wars, see War of 1812 (USA - United Kingdom) or Patriotic War of 1812 (France - Russia) For the Siberia Airlines plane crashed over the Black Sea on October 4, 2001, see Siberia Airlines Flight 1812 1812 was a leap year starting... is the 134th day of the year (135th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1688 (MDCLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events May 11 - War of Austrian Succession: Battle of Fontenoy - At Fontenoy, French forces defeat an Anglo-Dutch-Hanoverian army including the Black Watch June 4 – Frederick the Great destroys Austrian army at Hohenfriedberg August 19 - Beginning of the 45 Jacobite Rising at Glenfinnan September 12 - Francis I is elected... Events January 11 - Eruption of Mt. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events While in debtors prison, John Cleland writes Fanny Hill (Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure). ... William I ( 1027 – September 9, 1087), was King of England from 1066 to 1087. ... Edward I (17 June 1239 – 7 July 1307), popularly known as Longshanks[1], also as Edward the Lawgiver or the English Justinian because of his legal reforms, and as Hammer of the Scots,[2] achieved fame as the monarch who conquered Wales and tried to do the same to Scotland. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... 1768 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1779 (MDCCLXXIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... A debtors prison is a prison for those who are unable to pay a debt. ... Wordsworth redirects here. ... 1783 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Tubuai is an island of the Pacific Ocean, in the Austral Islands, a part of French Polynesia. ... Tahiti is the largest island in the Windward group of the French Polynesia, located in the archipelago of Society Islands in the southern Pacific Ocean. ... is the 167th day of the year (168th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1789 (MDCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... Tahiti is the largest island in the Windward group of the French Polynesia, located in the archipelago of Society Islands in the southern Pacific Ocean. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Matthew Quintal (1776–1799) was an able seaman and mutineer aboard the HMS Bounty. ... Year 1808 (MDCCCVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... For other persons named John Adams, see John Adams (disambiguation). ... 1817 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Thursday October Christian (I) Thursday October Christian (October 14, 1790–April 21, 1831) was the first son of Fletcher Christian (leader of the mutiny on the HMAV Bounty) and his Tahitian wife Maimiti. ... Year 1790 (MDCCXC) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... Motto Inasmuch Anthem Pitcairn Anthem Capital Kingston Largest city Burnt Pine Official languages English, Norfuk Government Self-governing territory  -  Head of State Queen Elizabeth II  -  Administrator Grant Tambling  -  Chief Minister Andre Neville Nobbs Self-governing territory  -  1979  Area  -  Total 34. ... 1792 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1793 (MDCCXCIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Samuel Taylor Coleridge (October 21, 1772 – July 25, 1834) (pronounced ) was an English poet, critic, and philosopher who was, along with his friend William Wordsworth, one of the founders of the Romantic Movement in England and one of the Lake Poets. ... One of a set of engraved metal plate illustrations by Gustave Doré: the Mariner up on the mast in a storm. ...


Genealogical Information

Genealogical information about Fletcher Christian and the other Bounty crew members can be found at the following online locations. The genealogical information comes from information provided by descendents of the Bounty crew as well as historical archives.

Related Information

Movie portrayals

Christian was portrayed in films by:

  • Errol Flynn in a 1933 Australian film
  • Clark Gable in 1935
  • Marlon Brando in 1962
  • Mel Gibson in 1984At least some of these films are based on the novel The Mutiny on the Bounty in which Christian is a major character and is generally portrayed positively. The authors of that novel also wrote two sequels, one of which, Pitcairn’s Island is the story of the tragic events after the mutiny that apparently resulted in Christian’s death along with other violent deaths on Pitcairn Island. This series of novels uses fictionalized versions of minor crew members as narrators of the stories.

Errol Leslie Thomson Flynn (June 20, 1909 – October 14, 1959) was an Australian film actor, most famous for his romantic swashbuckler roles in Hollywood films and his flamboyant lifestyle. ... In the Wake of the Bounty (1933) ... William Clark Gable (February 1, 1901 – November 16, 1960) was an Academy Award-winning American film actor. ... Mutiny on the Bounty, based on the 1932 novel by Charles Nordhoff, is a 1935 film starring Charles Laughton, Clark Gable and Franchot Tone. ... Marlon Brando, Jr. ... Mutiny on the Bounty, based on the 1932 novel by Charles Nordhoff, is a 1962 film starring Marlon Brando and Trevor Howard. ... Mel Columcille Gerard Gibson, AO (born January 3, 1956) is a two-time Academy Award-winning American-Australian actor, director, producer and screenwriter. ... This article is about the 1984 film. ... Mutiny on the Bounty is the title of the 1932 novel by Charles Nordhoff and James Norman Hall, based on the mutiny against Lieutenant William Bligh, commanding officer of HMAV Bounty in 1789. ...

Trivia

  • He was thought to be an ancestor of author James Finn Garner. This was later proved false. *Christian made an appearance as a possessing soul from 'the beyond' (an afterlife of horrifically complete emptiness), in The Night's Dawn Trilogy, a science fiction sequence by Peter F. Hamilton. He was portrayed positively, as a noble soul distinct from many others in his desire to help the protagonists, and to defend them from the less moral possessors.
  • The possibility that Christian returned to the Lake District after living on Pitcairn forms the central theme of Val McDermid's 2006 novel The Grave Tattoo.
  • His name appears in a song by the British pre- and post-punk band the Mekons, "(Sometimes I Feel Like) Fletcher Christian," from their LP So Good It Hurts (1988), as a figure that expresses the plight faced by soldiers fighting in the Falkland Islands.
  • In The Simpsons episode "The Wettest Stories Ever Told", he was portrayed as First Mate Bart Christian.
  • He has also been parodied in Triple J radio play, Captain Pants, where he appears as Felcher Christian.
  • In a first-season episode of the comedy series Kids in the Hall, one skit features a shoe salesman named Fletcher Christian, who explains the differences between himself and the 18th-century sailor.
  • The Rasputina song "Cage in a Cave" on their album Oh Perilous World! (2007) is about Fletcher Christian, and their song "Choose Me For Champion" on the same album talks about Christian's son, Thursday October.
  • Marlon Brando portrayed Fletcher Christian in MGM studio's disastrous 1962 remake, which failed to recoup even half of its enormous budget.[7]

James Finn Garner is the author of He was born in Detroit, Michigan and was raised in Dearborn, Michigan. ... British author Peter F. Hamiltons The Nights Dawn Trilogy consists of three epic science fiction novels: The Reality Dysfunction (1996), The Neutronium Alchemist (1997), and The Naked God (1999). ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... Peter F. Hamilton Peter F. Hamilton Peter F. Hamilton (born 1960, Rutland, England), is a British science fiction author. ... The panorama across Eskdale from Ill Crag. ... Val McDermid (born June 4, 1955) is a Scottish crime writer. ... The Mekons. ... Simpsons redirects here. ... The Wettest Stories Ever Told is the eighteenth episode of The Simpsons’ seventeenth season. ... For the comic book series of the same name, see Bart Simpson comics. ... Double J redirects here. ... The Kids in the Hall was a Canadian sketch comedy group, consisting of comedians Dave Foley, Kevin MacDonald, Bruce McCulloch, Mark McKinney and Scott Thompson. ... Rasputina is a varying collection of cellists playing alternative rock. ... Oh Perilous World, the sixth full length album from chamber-rock trio Rasputina, was performed by the bands creator cellist/lead singer Melora Creager and drummer Jonathon TeBeest with second chair Sarah Bowman contributing additional vocals. ...

External links

Notes

  1. ^ Mutiny on the HMS Bounty: Bligh, Christian, Pitcairn, Norfolk
  2. ^ a b Anderson. The Bounty, p. 60. 
  3. ^ Hough. Captain Bligh and Mister Christian, p.n&bsp;56. 
  4. ^ Anderson. The Bounty, p. 57. 
  5. ^ thePeerage.com - Person Page 11908
  6. ^ Williams; Oakeshott. The Cambridge Journal, p. 190. 
  7. ^ Marlon Brando Biography | Encyclopedia of World Biography

References

  • Alexander, Caroline (2003). The Bounty: The True Story of the Mutiny on the Bounty. New York: Viking. ISBN 067003133X. *Williams, T.F.D.; Oakeshott, M. (1954). The Cambridge Journal. London: Bowes and Bowes. *Hough, Richard (1973). Captain Bligh and Mister Christian: The Men and the Mutiny. New York: E.P. Dutton & Co.. ISBN 0525073108. 

Further reading

  • Conway, Christiane (2005). Letters from the Isle of Man - The Bounty-Correspondence of Nessy and Peter Heywood. The Manx Experience. ISBN 1-873120-77-X.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Fletcher Christian - Christian in fiction (638 words)
Fletcher Christian (September 25, 1764 – October 3, 1793) was a Master's Mate on board the Bounty during William Bligh's fateful voyage to Tahiti for breadfruit plants.
Christian was born at the Moorland Close farmstead, Cockermouth, in Cumberland, England, into a prosperous family originally from the Isle of Man. When Christian was eighteen, his father died, and the young man went to sea in order to support his family.
Christian was survived by Maimiti and his son, Thursday October Christian (Born 1790), who is the ancestor of almost everybody surnamed Christian on Pitcairn and Norfolk Islands, as well as the many descendants who have moved to Australia and New Zealand.
Fletcher Christian - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (700 words)
Fletcher Christian (September 25, 1764 - October 3, 1793) was a Master's Mate on board the Bounty during William Bligh's fateful voyage to Tahiti for breadfruit plants.
Christian was born at the Moorland Close farmstead, Cockermouth, in Cumberland, England, into a prosperous family originally from the Isle of Man.
Christian was survived by Maimiti and his son, Thursday October Christian, who is the ancestor of almost everybody surnamed Christian on Pitcairn and Norfolk Islands, as well as the many descendants who have moved to Australia and New Zealand.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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