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Encyclopedia > Flemish
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This article is an orientation for general meanings of Flemish. For specific meanings, see Flemish (disambiguation)

Flemish is either a noun for a dialect group recognized by linguists or for parts of it, or for one of a series of sets of common factors that are perceived as having formed a language or a larger dialect group not recognized by linguists, or (preceeded by a definite article) for 'the Flemish people'; or it is an adjective referring to any of the meanings of either Flanders, its people, or their speech. The term has several intertwined historical and contemporary meanings, geographically, linguistically, socially and officially; it is far from rarely used without a very precise distinction in mind, though an indication is usually present by context. Image File history File links Unbalanced_scales. ... Look up Flemish in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A noun, or noun substantive, is a part of speech which can co-occur with (in)definite articles and attributive adjectives, and function as the head of a noun phrase. ... Definite Article is the title of British comedian Eddie Izzards 1996 performance released on video and CD. The video/DVD and CD performances were both recorded on different nights at the Shaftesbury Theatre in London, England. ... The term Flemings (Dutch: ) is currently mostly used to refer to the ethnic group native to Flanders (the northern half of Belgium, historically part of the Southern Netherlands), which in total numbers about 6 million people in Belgium (the majority of all Belgians) . The term also designates, not only the... An adjective is a part of speech which modifies a noun, usually describing it or making its meaning more specific. ... Flanders (Dutch: ) has several main meanings: the social, cultural and linguistical, scientific and educational, economical and political community of the Flemings; some prefer to call this the Flemish community (others refer to this as the Flemish nation) which is, with over 6 million inhabitants, the majority of all Belgians; a... Linguistics is the scientific study of language. ...


"Flemish language"

Though the term 'Flemish' is used often, its different definitions regularly cause ambiguity. It should be noted that Dutch ( ) is a West Germanic language spoken by around 22 million people, mainly in the Netherlands and Belgium. ... The term Flemish can be a linguistic one, referring to the speech of the Flemings, inhabitants of Flanders, or a geographical one, referring to any attribute of Flanders, but not to its official language, which is exclusively Dutch. ...

  • Flemish (Vlaams) is not an official designation of a language in the federative regions of Flanders or the bilingual Brussels-Capital in BelgiumDutch is;
  • the dialectal area extends out of these now mainly or partially Dutch-speaking regions, in bordering areas of France and the Netherlands, and had included the Belgian province of Walloon Brabant that had been part of Belgium's former province of Brabant and is now part of the francophone federative region;
  • the term 'Flemish' had historically been used, and sometimes still is, for only a part of this dialectal area.

The dialect groups spoken in the present-day Flemish Community (the powers of which are usurpated by the Flemish Region, or Flanders) and as such as a whole can be referred to as Flemish, is based on a North/Middle/South separation by countries and institutional linguistic regions.
This is completely different from the historic and linguistic West/Central/East separation extending out of present Belgium according to former counties and duchies of which only the western one as the Countship of Flanders, or Flanders, was referred to as Flemish and, just as only its part in Belgium, may still be intended by Flanders or Flemish today.
The languages in the indicated historic and present areas are: The Flemish region is one of the three official regions of the Kingdom of Belgium (alongside the Walloon Region and the Brussels-Capital Region). ... The Brussels-Capital Region (French: R gion de Bruxelles-Capitale, Dutch: Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest, German: Region Br ssel-Hauptstadt) or Brussels Region (French: R gion Bruxelloise, Dutch: Brusselse Gewest) is one of the three regions of Belgium. ... Walloon Brabant is a province of Wallonia and of Belgium. ... Diagram of the Belgian Province of Brabant, which was divided into Flemish Brabant (bright yellow), Walloon Brabant (bright red), and the Brussels-Capital Region (orange). ... The term Flemish Community has two distinct, though related, meanings: culturally and sociologically, it refers to Flemish organisations, media, social and cultural life; alternative expressions for this concept might be the Flemish people or the Flemish nation (in a similar sense as the Scottish nation, the Basque or Catalan); politically... The Flemish region is one of the three official regions of the Kingdom of Belgium (alongside the Walloon Region and the Brussels-Capital Region). ... Administrative division. ... Linguistics is the scientific study of language. ... The geographical region and former county of Flanders contains not only the two Belgian provinces but also the present-day French département of Nord, in parts of which there is still a Flemish-speaking minority, and the southern part of the Dutch province of Zeeland known as Zeeuws-Vlaanderen...

  1. Dutch, which includes:

    The term Flemish is sometimes used in its limited sense for the West Flemish and East Flemish dialects, and may include the forementioned variants in the French and Dutch parts of the historic Countship of Flanders. A person of the county was a 'Fleming', plural 'Flemings' or all 'the Flemings'; these terms have become less commonly used in English for modern Flemish people, or 'the Flemish'. Usually 'Flemish' refers to more recent concepts of Flanders that include or are limited to the Belgian areas with native groups of dialects of the same language spoken – such as in the name Flemish Brabant, a province since the late 20th century in contemporary Flanders.
    • Brabantic, corresponds to the historic Duchy of Brabant which is now split into the Dutch-speaking provinces of North Brabant in the Netherlands, of Antwerp and of Flemish Brabant both in the Belgian Dutch-speaking Flemish Region, and into the Brussels-Capital Region, and into the now francophone province of Walloon Brabant in the Belgian French-speaking region named Wallonia. Central Flemish is a rarely used term for the Brabantian and Brabantian influenced easternmost East Flemish dialects limited to Belgium.
    • Limburgish is the group of dialects spoken over three different countries with distinct official languages, and thus includes three subgroups, each one now largely influenced by its current administrative status:
      • the Belgian Limburgish subgroup, which has three variants, and is used in Belgium's northeastern province of Limburg (where it is influenced by Brabantian), in the easternmost part of the province of Flemish Brabant (with strong Brabantian influences and some minor ones by standard French), both in the present Flemish Region, and in the far northeastern part of the province of Walloon Brabant (where it is now considered extinct, mostly replaced by French, the official languagage in the Walloon Region) ;
      • the Dutch Limburgish subgroup, which has a single variant, and is used in Limburg, the southeasternmost province of the Netherlands and often referred to as Dutch Limburg to distinct it from the Belgian province with the same name ;
      • the German Limburgish subgroup, which has two minor variants, and is used in the Western part of Länder in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. There are two dialects: Bergish (to the North of Aachen near the international borders of the Netherlands and Belgium, still influenced by both standard French and standard German; its classification as a Flemish dialect is disputed, as some linguists consider it as a German dialect), and Ripuarian (East of the River Rhine up to Cologne, where it is now largely influenced by standard German). (See also Rhinelandic.)
  2. French (not Flemish in any sense), which includes:
    • Standard French, used legally throughout France as the primary language (including in the geographic area of French Flanders which is part of the historic Flemish-speaking area), and in Belgium in most of the federative region of Wallonia and – besides Dutch – the federative region of Brussels-Capital.
      • The Belgian French minor variant (that linguists consider being the same language as standard French, not very different from regional variants of standard French in France), but it is used very often instead of standard French in the federative region of Wallonia in Belgium (and legally accepted like standard French, in an ongoing process of unification with mutual influences between international or regional minor variants of standard French).
    • Walloon, a traditional regional variant, used as a secondary minority language in Belgium in most of the federative region of Wallonia (but also in a few bordering municipalities of the federative region of Flanders and also in the federative region of Brussels-Capital), with lots of differences with standard French and often considered as a distinct language by linguists. This language is part of the group of oil languages. It tends to be replaced rapidly by Belgian French (the most common language in Wallonia) or increasingly by standard French.
    • Traditional regional variants of Old French, used sometimes in specific regions of France, with many local specificities, but also in the Belgian federative region Wallonia in its West (the Champenois dialect) and South (the Lorrain dialect); they are often considered as languages distinct from standard French by linguists, but still part of the group of oil languages (the Romance dialects in the North of current France and the South of Belgium) from which Old French was originated. These regional variants tend to disappear rapidly, replaced by Belgian French or increasingly by standard French.
  3. German (not Flemish in any sense), which includes:

Since the notion "Flemish" is a container for a number of quite different dialects of Dutch, it has little sense linguistically to treat it as one entity. "The Flemish language" does not exist, although the notion is used as such in everyday language. The Flemish region is one of the three official regions of the Kingdom of Belgium (alongside the Walloon Region and the Brussels-Capital Region). ... The Brussels-Capital Region (French: R gion de Bruxelles-Capitale, Dutch: Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest, German: Region Br ssel-Hauptstadt) or Brussels Region (French: R gion Bruxelloise, Dutch: Brusselse Gewest) is one of the three regions of Belgium. ... West Flemish (in West Flemish, Vlaemsch) is a group of dialects, spoken in parts of the Netherlands, Belgium, and France. ... West Flanders (Dutch: West-Vlaanderen) is the westernmost province of Flanders and of Belgium. ... The Flemish region is one of the three official regions of the Kingdom of Belgium (alongside the Walloon Region and the Brussels-Capital Region). ... Position of West Flemish/Zealandic within the Dutch speaking area (Islands only) Zeelandic (Zeêuws in Zeelandic, Zeeuws in Dutch) is a regional language spoken in the Dutch province of Zeeland and on the South Holland island of Goeree-Overflakkee. ... Capital Middelburg Queens Commissioner drs. ... Satellite image of the Scheldt delta Zeeuws-Vlaanderen is the part of the Netherlands on the left shore of the Scheldt river (here called Westerschelde), nr. ... West Flemish (in West Flemish, Vlaemsch) is a group of dialects, spoken in parts of the Netherlands, Belgium, and France. ... Hollandic is together with Brabantic the most frequently used dialect of the Dutch language. ... Frans-Vlaams (French Flemish) is a dialect of the Dutch language. ... {{ Haute-Normandie ... Capital Lille Area 12,414 km² Regional President Daniel Percheron (PS) (since 2001) Population   - 2004 estimate   - 1999 census   - Density (Ranked 4th) 4,026,000 3,996,588 324/km² (2004) Arrondissements 13 Cantons 156 Communes 1,546 Départements Nord Pas-de-Calais Nord-Pas de Calais is one of... Nord (French, the north) is a département in the north of France. ... West Flemish (in West Flemish, Vlaemsch) is a group of dialects, spoken in parts of the Netherlands, Belgium, and France. ... East Flemish is a dialect of the Dutch language, which is a Low Franconian language. ... East Flanders is a province of Flanders, one of the three regions of Belgium. ... The Flemish region is one of the three official regions of the Kingdom of Belgium (alongside the Walloon Region and the Brussels-Capital Region). ... The geographical region and former county of Flanders contains not only the two Belgian provinces but also the present-day French département of Nord, in parts of which there is still a Flemish-speaking minority, and the southern part of the Dutch province of Zeeland known as Zeeuws-Vlaanderen... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The term Flemings (Dutch: ) is currently mostly used to refer to the ethnic group native to Flanders (the northern half of Belgium, historically part of the Southern Netherlands), which in total numbers about 6 million people in Belgium (the majority of all Belgians) . The term also designates, not only the... Flemish Brabant is a province of Flanders, one of the three regions of Belgium. ... The Flemish region is one of the three official regions of the Kingdom of Belgium (alongside the Walloon Region and the Brussels-Capital Region). ... Brabantian or Brabantic (Dutch: Brabants) is a dialect of the Dutch language spoken in Noord-Brabant and in the Belgian provinces of Antwerpen and Vlaams-Brabant and small parts in the west of Limburg. ... Brabant is a former duchy in the Low Countries, and a former province of Belgium. ... North Brabant (Dutch: Noord-Brabant) is a province of the Netherlands, located in the south of the country, bordered by Belgium in the south, the Meuse River (Maas) in the north, Limburg in the east and Zeeland in the west. ... Antwerp is the northernmost province of Flanders and of Belgium. ... Flemish Brabant is a province of Flanders, one of the three regions of Belgium. ... The Flemish region is one of the three official regions of the Kingdom of Belgium (alongside the Walloon Region and the Brussels-Capital Region). ... The Brussels-Capital Region (French: R gion de Bruxelles-Capitale, Dutch: Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest, German: Region Br ssel-Hauptstadt) or Brussels Region (French: R gion Bruxelloise, Dutch: Brusselse Gewest) is one of the three regions of Belgium. ... Look up Francophone in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Walloon Brabant is a province of Wallonia and of Belgium. ... Wallonia (French: Wallonie, German: Wallonien, Walloon: Walonreye, Dutch: Wallonië) or the Walloon Region (French: Région Wallonne, Dutch: Waals Gewest) is the predominantly French-speaking region that constitutes one of the three federal regions of Belgium, with its capital at Namur. ... Limburgian (Dutch: Limburgs, German: Limburgisch, French: Limbourgeois) is a group of Franconian varieties, spoken in the Limburg and Selfkant regions, near the common Dutch/Flemish(Belgium)/German border. ... Limburg is the easternmost province of Flanders (which is one of the three regions of Belgium), and is located west of the Meuse river. ... Flemish Brabant is a province of Flanders, one of the three regions of Belgium. ... The Flemish region is one of the three official regions of the Kingdom of Belgium (alongside the Walloon Region and the Brussels-Capital Region). ... Walloon Brabant is a province of Wallonia and of Belgium. ... Wallonia (French: Wallonie, German: Wallonien, Walloon: Walonreye, Dutch: Wallonië) or the Walloon Region (French: Région Wallonne, Dutch: Waals Gewest) is the predominantly French-speaking region that constitutes one of the three federal regions of Belgium, with its capital at Namur. ... Capital Maastricht Queens Commissioner L.J.P.M. (Leon) Frissen Religion (1999) Roman Catholic 80% Protestant 3% Area  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water   2,153 km² (9th) 56 km² Population (2005)  â€¢ Total  â€¢ Density 1,135,962 (6th) 528/km² (4th) Inclusion 1839 Anthem In t Bronsgroen Eikenhout ISO NL-LI Official website... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (singular Land). ... North Rhine-Westphalia (German: Nordrhein-Westfalen, usually shortened to: NRW) is - in terms of population and economic output - the largest Federal State of Germany. ... Aachen, Dutch Aken, French Aix-la-Chapelle, Spanish Aquisgrán, Latin Aquisgranum, Ripuarian Oche) is a spa city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, on the border with Belgium and the Netherlands, 65 km to the west of Cologne, and the westernmost city in Germany. ... Ripuarian, Rhinish, or Middle Franconian is a western Germanic dialect group in Rhineland, eastern Belgium and southern Dutch Limburg from northwest of Düsseldorf and Cologne to Aachen in the west, and Siegen in the east. ... The Rhine canyon (Ruinaulta) in Graubünden in Switzerland Length 1. ... Cologne (German:   ; Kölsch: Kölle /ˈkÅ“É«É™/) is Germanys fourth-largest city after Berlin, Hamburg and Munich, and is the largest city both in the German Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia and within the Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan Area, one of the major European metropolitan areas with more than... Rhinelandic is a term for linguistic varieties in Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands, including the Limburgish language. ... Nord (French, the north) is a département in the north of France. ... Wallonia (French: Wallonie, German: Wallonien, Walloon: Walonreye, Dutch: Wallonië) or the Walloon Region (French: Région Wallonne, Dutch: Waals Gewest) is the predominantly French-speaking region that constitutes one of the three federal regions of Belgium, with its capital at Namur. ... The Brussels-Capital Region (French: R gion de Bruxelles-Capitale, Dutch: Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest, German: Region Br ssel-Hauptstadt) or Brussels Region (French: R gion Bruxelloise, Dutch: Brusselse Gewest) is one of the three regions of Belgium. ... Belgian French is primarily spoken in the French Community of Belgium, highlighted in red. ... Wallonia (French: Wallonie, German: Wallonien, Walloon: Walonreye, Dutch: Wallonië) or the Walloon Region (French: Région Wallonne, Dutch: Waals Gewest) is the predominantly French-speaking region that constitutes one of the three federal regions of Belgium, with its capital at Namur. ... Walloon (walon) is a regional Romance language spoken as a second language by some in Wallonia (Belgium). ... Wallonia (French: Wallonie, German: Wallonien, Walloon: Walonreye, Dutch: Wallonië) or the Walloon Region (French: Région Wallonne, Dutch: Waals Gewest) is the predominantly French-speaking region that constitutes one of the three federal regions of Belgium, with its capital at Namur. ... The Flemish region is one of the three official regions of the Kingdom of Belgium (alongside the Walloon Region and the Brussels-Capital Region). ... The Brussels-Capital Region (French: R gion de Bruxelles-Capitale, Dutch: Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest, German: Region Br ssel-Hauptstadt) or Brussels Region (French: R gion Bruxelloise, Dutch: Brusselse Gewest) is one of the three regions of Belgium. ... The langue doïl language family in linguistics comprises Romance languages originating in territories now occupied by northern France, part of Belgium and the Channel Islands. ... Belgian French is primarily spoken in the French Community of Belgium, highlighted in red. ... Old French was the Romance dialect continuum spoken in territories corresponding roughly to the northern half of modern France and parts of Belgium and Switzerland from around 1000 to 1300 A.D. It was known at the time as the langue doïl to distinguish it from the langue... Wallonia (French: Wallonie, German: Wallonien, Walloon: Walonreye, Dutch: Wallonië) or the Walloon Region (French: Région Wallonne, Dutch: Waals Gewest) is the predominantly French-speaking region that constitutes one of the three federal regions of Belgium, with its capital at Namur. ... The langue doïl language family in linguistics comprises Romance languages originating in territories now occupied by northern France, part of Belgium and the Channel Islands. ... Look up romance in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Old French was the Romance dialect continuum spoken in territories corresponding roughly to the northern half of modern France and parts of Belgium and Switzerland from around 1000 to 1300 A.D. It was known at the time as the langue doïl to distinguish it from the langue... Council of the German Speaking Community in Belgium (Eupen) Flag of the German-speaking community in Belgium The German-Speaking Community of Belgium (Deutschsprachige Gemeinschaft Belgiens in German, short DGB) is one of the three federal communities in Belgium. ... Wallonia (French: Wallonie, German: Wallonien, Walloon: Walonreye, Dutch: Wallonië) or the Walloon Region (French: Région Wallonne, Dutch: Waals Gewest) is the predominantly French-speaking region that constitutes one of the three federal regions of Belgium, with its capital at Namur. ... Liège is the easternmost province of Wallonia and of Belgium. ...


However, the Flemish family of languages and dialects still remains attached to a common cultural background throughout the international traditional geographic region of Flanders, independantly of the language actually spoken in that area (even in the French- and German-speaking areas, i.e. in France and Germany).


Social and political meanings

The adjective "Flemish" refers to everything and everybody that has a relation to Flanders, in any definition. It is also used for everything originating from Flanders, cultural, political, economical, etc. Flanders (Dutch: ) has several main meanings: the social, cultural and linguistical, scientific and educational, economical and political community of the Flemings; some prefer to call this the Flemish community (others refer to this as the Flemish nation) which is, with over 6 million inhabitants, the majority of all Belgians; a...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
NGA - Dutch and Flemish Painting 16th-17th centuries (588 words)
Flanders remained Catholic and royalist; Flemish artists such as Rubens and Van Dyck glorified the Church and monarchy with grandiose themes, lively compositions, and vivid colors.
In the southern provinces, which remained under the rule of Spanish regents, the Catholic church and the court continued to be the most important patrons of the arts.
The most sought-after Flemish painter of the seventeenth century was Van Dyck's teacher, the scholar, linguist, and diplomat Peter Paul Rubens, who was besieged with commissions from the nobility and religious orders of Europe for portraits, altarpieces, mythological scenes, and allegories.
Flemish Community (275 words)
The Flemish Community exercises its powers in the Flemish provinces and in Brussels.
The Flemish Parliament consists of all the Council members directly elected in the Flemish Region and the six Dutch-speaking members of the Brussels-Capital Parliament.
The Flemish Parliament votes on decrees: these are the laws of the Flemish Community and the Flemish Region.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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