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Encyclopedia > Flavio Biondo

Flavio Biondo (Latin Flavius Blondus) (1392June 4, 1463) was an Italian Renaissance humanist historian. He was the first historian to coin the term Middle Ages and is known as one of the first archaeologists. Latin is the language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... Events Korean founder of the Joseon Dynasty General Yi Seonggye leads a coup détat, overthrowing the kingdom of Goryeo and founding the kingdom of Joseon Afyonkarahisar in western Turkey is conquered by Sultan Beyazid I Louis de Valois is created the 1st Duke of Orléans, the second time... June 4 is the 155th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (156th in leap years), with 210 days remaining. ... Events January 5 - Poet Francois Villon is banned from Paris Births January 17 - Frederick III, Elector of Saxony (died 1525) February 24 - Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, Italian philosopher (died 1494) October 20 - Alessandro Achillini, Italian philosopher (died 1512) Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de Medici, Italian patron of the arts (died 1503... An important element in private and civic life during the Renaissance, which was also reflected in the scholarship of the period, was the cultural movement and philosophy known as Humanism. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... The history of archaeology has been one of increasing professionalisation, and the use of an increasing range of technqiues, to obtain as much data on the site being examined as possible. ...

Contents


Biography

Born in the capital city of Forlì, of the Romagna region, Flavio was well schooled from an early age. He moved to Rome in 1433 and was appointed papal secretary in 1444 where he began work on his writing career. Forlì, 44°13′ N 12°02′ E, is a comune and city in Emilia-Romagna, Italy, the seat of the province of Forlì. Its 110,209 inhabitants are Forlivesi, because in Antiquity it was called Forum Livii. ... Emilia-Romagna is an administrative region of Northern Italy comprising the two historic regions of Emilia and Romagna. ... City motto: Senatus Populusque Romanus – SPQR (The Senate and the People of Rome) Founded 21 April 753 BC mythical, 1st millennium BC Region Latium Mayor Walter Veltroni (Democratici di Sinistra) Area  - City Proper  1290 km² Population  - City (2004)  - Metropolitan  - Density (city proper) 2,546,807 almost 4,000,000 1... Events Births June 23 - Francis II, Duke of Brittany Kettil Karlsson Vasa, later Regent of Sweden. ... Events March 1 - Gjergj Kastriot Skanderbeg proclaimed commander of the Albanian resistance April 16 - Truce of Tours. ...

Decades of History from the Deterioration of the Roman Empire, Italian translation by Lucio Fanno, 1543.
Decades of History from the Deterioration of the Roman Empire, Italian translation by Lucio Fanno, 1543.

Download high resolution version (591x894, 301 KB)Source: http://www. ... Download high resolution version (591x894, 301 KB)Source: http://www. ...

Archaeological Works

Flavio published three works that were systematic and documented guides to the ruins and topography of ancient Rome for which he has been called one of the first archaeologists. At the time ancient Rome was overgrown and unexplored. When in 1430 Poggio Bracciolini climbed the Capitol he saw only deserted fields around. The Forum was inhabited by pigs and unweeded vegetation. Flavio and fellow humanists like Leon Battista Alberti began to explore and document the architecture, topography and history of Rome, and in the process revived a vision of Romes former glory. // Events May 23 - Joan of Arc is captured by the Burgundians while leading an army to relieve Compiègne The Ottoman Empire captures Thessalonica from the Venetians First use of optical methods in the creation of Art A map of Europe in 1430. ... This article or section should be merged with Gian Francesco Poggio Bracciolini Gianfrancesco (or Giovanni Francesco) Poggio Bracciolini (February 11, 1380 - October 10, 1459) was one of the most important Italian Renaissance humanists. ... Piazza del Campidoglio, on the top of Capitoline Hill The Capitoline Hill (Capitolinus Mons), between the Forum and the Campus Martius, is one of the famous and highest of the seven hills of Rome, the site of a temple for the Capitoline Triad: the gods Jupiter, his wife Juno and... The Roman Forum (Forum Romanum, although the Romans referred to it more often as the Forum Magnum or just the Forum) was the central area around which ancient Rome developed, in which commerce, business, prostitution, cult and the administration of justice took place. ... Leone Battista Alberti (February 1404 - 25th April 1472), Italian painter, poet, linguist, philosopher, cryptographer, musician, architect, and general Renaissance polymath . ...


Flavio's first work was De Roma instaurata (Rome Restored, 3 vol, 1444-1446) a reconstruction of ancient Roman topography. It was and remains a highly influential humanist vision of restoring Rome to its previous heights of grandeur by recreating what Rome used to look like based on the ruins which remained. Events March 1 - Gjergj Kastriot Skanderbeg proclaimed commander of the Albanian resistance April 16 - Truce of Tours. ... Events Mehmed II Sultan of the Ottoman Empire is forced to abdicate in favor of his father Murad II by the Janissaries. ... Surface of the Earth Topography, a term in geography, has come to refer to the lay of the land, or the physiogeographic characteristics of land in terms of elevation, slope, and orientation. ...


The second was the highly popular De Roma triumphante (Rome Triumphs, (1459)) about pagan Rome as a model for contemporary governmental and military reforms. The book was highly influential in reviving Roman patriotism and respect for ancient Rome and presenting the papacy as a continuum of the Roman Empire. Events September 23 - Battle of Blore Heath. ... Pagan may refer to: A believer in Paganism or Neopaganism; the belief in many gods, or typically, the belief in a pantheon, or set of gods, and usually accompanied by tolerance, or inclusion of other gods. ... The Pope is the Catholic Bishop and patriarch of Rome, and head of the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Catholic Churches. ... The Roman Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the Ancient Roman polity in the centuries following its reorganization under the leadership of Octavian (better known as Caesar Augustus). ...


Finally he published Roma instaurata (Rome Established) which provided the first systematic and well documented guide to the ruins of Rome, or indeed any ancient ruins, for which he has been called one of the first archaeologists.


History Works

Flavio Biondo's greatest works were Italia illustrata (Italy Illuminated, written between 1448 and 1458, published 1474) and the Historiarum ab inclinatione Romanorum imperii decades (Decades of History from the Deterioration of the Roman Empire, written from 1439 to 1453, published in 1483). Events January 5/ 6 - Christopher of Bavaria, Norway and Sweden dies with no designated heir leaving all three kingdoms with vacant thrones. ... Events January 24 - Matthias I Corvinus becomes king of Hungary Foundation of Magdalen College, University of Oxford George of Podebrady becomes king of Bohemia Pope Pius II becomes pope Turks sack the Acropolis Births February 15 - Ivan the Young, Ruler of Tver (d. ... Events December 12 - Upon the death of Henry IV of Castile a civil war ensues between his designated successor Isabella I of Castile and her sister Juana who was supported by her husband, Alfonso V of Portugal. ... Events Battle of Grotnik, which ended the hussite movement in Poland Eric of Pomerania, King of Sweden, Denmark and Norway is declared deposed in Sweden. ... Events May 29 - Fall of Constantinople to Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II the Conqueror, marking the end of the Byzantine Empire (Eastern Roman Empire). ... Events The São Tomé settlement is founded. ...


The Italia illustrata is geography, based on the authors' personal travels, and history of eighteen Italian provinces. The history starts with the Roman Republic and Empire, through 400 years of barbarian invasions and an analysis of Charlemagne and later Holy Roman Emperors. He gives an excellent description of the humanist revival and restoration of the classics during the first half of the 15th century. Charlemagne is also the name of a column in The Economist on European affairs. ... The Holy Roman Emperor was, with some variation, the ruler of the Holy Roman Empire, the predecessor of modern Germany, during its existence from the 10th century until its collapse in 1806. ... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ...


Flavio's greatest work is the 32-book Historiarum, a history of Europe from the fall of Rome in 410 to the current day Italy in 1442. Using only the most reliable and primary sources, it was highly influential in furthering the chronological notion of a Middle Age from the fall of Rome to Flavio's own time. It is the first work in which the term Middle Age is used; earlier Leonardo Bruni was the first to conceptualize the concept of a three tiered history in his History of the Florentine People and a century earlier the foundation of a Dark Ages was laid out by Petrarch. Events Alaric I deposes Priscus Attalus as Roman Emperor. ... Events The community of Rauma, Finland was granted its town rights. ... Leonardo Bruni Leonardo Bruni (1374 - 1444) was a leading humanist, historian and a chancellor of Florence. ... The Dark Ages (or Dark Age) is a metaphor with multiple meanings and connotations. ... From the c. ...


Sources

  • Italy Illuminated, Volume 1 : Liguria and Lombardy, Edited by Jeffrey A. White, English translation, ISBN 0674017439 (June 1, 2005)
  • Rome Restored, Edited by Marc Laureys and William McCuaig, English translation, To be announced.

 
 

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