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Encyclopedia > Flashback

In literature, film, television and other media, a flashback (also called analepsis) is an interjected scene that takes the narrative back in time from the current point the story has reached. Flashbacks are often used to recount events that happened prior to the story's primary sequence of events or to fill in crucial backstory. In the opposite direction, a flashforward (or prolepsis) reveals events that will occur in the future. They are also used to create suspense in a story. Old book bindings at the Merton College library. ... Film is a term that encompasses motion pictures as individual projects, as well as the field in general. ... A scene is an episode in a story. ... MY NAME IS BOB AND I LOVE PEANUTS!!!!!!11A plot is the course or arrangement of events in a narrative. ... In narratology, a back-story (also back story or backstory) is the history behind the situation extant at the start of the main story. ... A flashforward (also sometimes known as flash-forward or flash-ahead) in a narrative occurs when one or more scenes representing an event expected, projected or imagined to occur at a time later than the present depiction (see also Glossary: Flashforward). ...


A variation of prolepsis is prophecy, as when Oedipus is told that he will sleep with his mother and kill his father. As we learn later in Sophocles' play Oedipus the King, he does both despite his efforts to evade his fate. Prophecy, in a broad sense, is the prediction of future events. ... Oedipus with the Sphinx, from an Attic red-figure cylix from the Vatican Museum, ca. ... Sophocles, as depicted in the Nordisk familjebok. ... Oedipus the King (also known as Oedipus Rex and Oedipus Tyrannos, Oι̉δίπoυς τύραννoς in Greek) is a Greek tragedy, written by Sophocles in 428 BC. The play was the second of Sophocles three Theban plays to be produced, but comes first in the internal chronology of the plays, followed...


A good example of both analepsis and prolepsis is the first scene of La Jetée. As we learn a few minutes later, what we are seeing in that scene is a flashback to the past, since the present of the film's diegesis is a time directly following World War III. However, as we learn at the very end of the film, that scene also doubles as a prolepsis, since the dying man the boy is seeing is, in fact, himself. In other words, he is proleptically seeing his own death. We thus have an analepsis and prolepsis in the very same scene. La Jetée (1962) (literally The Jetty) 28-minute science fiction film in black and white by Chris Marker. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Analepsis was used extensively by author Ford Madox Ford. An author is the person who creates a written work, such as a book, story, article or the like. ... Ford Madox Ford (December 17, 1873 - June 26, 1939) was an English novelist and publisher. ...


The 1927 book The Bridge of San Luis Rey by Thornton Wilder is the progenitor of the modern disaster epic in literature and film-making, where a single disaster intertwines the victims, whose lives are then explored by means of flashbacks to events leading up to the disaster. 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Bridge of San Luis Rey is a 1927 novel by American author Thornton Wilder. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


In the world of television flashbacks are also very common. They are sometimes incorporated into episodes, but often whole episodes are devoted to them. One recent show which is well-known for this is Lost which utilises flashbacks in almost every episode. Lost is an American serial drama television series that follows the lives of a group of plane crash survivors (and their pasts via flashbacks) on an extremely mysterious tropical island, somewhere in the South Pacific. ...


In a story if flashbacks are presented non-chronologically it can be ambiguous what is the present of the story: if flashbacks are extensive and in chronological order, one can also say that these form the present of the story, while the rest of the story consists of flash forwards.


See also


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