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Encyclopedia > Flash animation
Simple animation in Flash MX; a square moving across the screen in a motion tween, one of the basic functions of Flash.
Simple animation in Flash MX; a square moving across the screen in a motion tween, one of the basic functions of Flash.

A Flash animation or Flash cartoon is an animated film which is created using Adobe Flash animation software and often distributed in the .swf file format. It can be created in Flash or with other programs capable of writing .swf files. The term Flash animation not only refers to the file format but to a certain kind of movement and visual style which, in many circles, is seen as simplistic or unpolished. However, with dozens of Flash animated television series, countless more Flash animated television commercials, and award-winning online shorts in circulation, Flash animation is enjoying a renaissance. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1275x942, 88 KB) Summary A screenshot from Macromedia Flash MX 2004 (v6. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1275x942, 88 KB) Summary A screenshot from Macromedia Flash MX 2004 (v6. ... The bouncing ball animation (below) consists of these 6 frames. ... “Moving picture” redirects here. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into articles entitled Adobe Flash Player and Talk:Adobe Flash #Merger proposal, accessible from a disambiguation page. ... SWF is a proprietary vector graphics file format produced by the Flash software from Adobe (formerly Macromedia). ...

In the late 1990s, when for most Internet users, bandwidth was still at 56 kbit/s, many Flash animation artists employed limited animation or cutout animation when creating projects intended for web distribution. This allowed artists to release shorts and interactive experiences well under 1mb, which could stream both audio and high-end animation. One example is the first episode of The Goddamn George Liquor Program released in 1999, rendered at only 628kb. A 56 kbit/s line is a digital connection (possibly a leased line, possibly switched) capable of carrying 56 kilobits per second (kbit/s), the data rate of a normal single channel digital telephone line in North America. ... Limited animation is a process of making animated cartoons that does not follow a realistic approach. ... Scene from Yuriy Norshteyns upcoming feature film, The Overcoat Cutout animation is a unique technique for producing animations using flat characters, props and backgrounds cut from materials such as paper, card, stiff fabric or even photographs. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... A kilobyte (derived from the SI prefix kilo-, meaning 1000) is a unit of information or computer storage equal to the decimal 1024 bytes (2 to the 10th power, or 1,024 bytes based in the binary system). ...

Some hallmarks of poorly-produced Flash animation are jerky natural movements (seen in walk-cycles and gestures), auto-tweened character movements, lip-sync without interpolation, and abrupt changes from front to profile view. Although Flash is able to integrate bitmaps and other raster-based art, as well as video, most Flash films are created using only vector-based drawings which often result in a somewhat clean graphic appearance. It has been suggested that Vector monitor be merged into this article or section. ...

Flash animations are typically distributed by way of the World Wide Web, in which case they are often referred to as Internet cartoons, online cartoons, or webtoons. Web Flash animations may be interactive and are often created in a series. A Flash animation is distinguished from a Webcomic, which is a comic strip distributed via the Web, rather than an animated cartoon. Graphic representation of the world wide web around Wikipedia The World Wide Web (WWW, or simply Web) is an information space in which the items of interest, referred to as resources, are identified by global identifiers called Uniform Resource Identifiers (URI). ... There are several conceptual views of interactivity, the most general being the contingency view. ... Webcomics, also known as online comics and internet comics, are comics that are available to read on the Internet. ... This article is about the comic strip, the sequential art form as published in newspapers and on the Internet. ...

Today, Flash animations are being more and more widely used in the multiuser community with flash generators and embeded videos in user's profiles across the internet. Many popular remakes are appearing over and over again with the growing success in a less pioneered subject. Youtubes are popping up over the internet with google video and myspace video, and flash generators are too numerous to count. Many of the flash generators are now used for webmasters in menu creators but the dynamic lipsyncing flash characters and font to image manipulators are still the most dominant.



The first prominent use of the Flash animation format was by Ren & Stimpy creator John Kricfalusi. He embarked on a mission to bring cartoons to the Internet. Kricfalusi employed George Liquor (a fictional character rumored to have ended Kricfalusi's employment on Ren & Stimpy) and his dim-witted nephew Jimmy the Hapless Idiot Boy on their own Internet program titled The Goddamn George Liquor Program. Later, John produced more animated projects with Flash including several online shorts for Icebox.com, television commercials, and a music video. Soon after that, web cartoons began appearing everywhere. Ren and Stimpy are the title characters of two cartoon TV series created by Canadian animator John Kricfalusi. ... John Kricfalusi (born Michael John Kricfalusi on September 9, 1955 in Chicoutimi, Quebec, Canada) is an Emmy-nominated Canadian animator, better known as John K. He is creator of The Ren & Stimpy Show and The Ripping Friends animated series, The Goddamn George Liquor Program, the first animated series made using... George Liquor is a cartoon character created by John Kricfalusi (a. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

The Von Ghouls went live in November 1999, featuring the first music group with cartoon episodes online including original songs, in the vein of Saturday morning cartoons of the 1970s. A number of popular portal sites featured Flash animation during the dot-com boom of the late 1990s, including Icebox, MondoMedia, CampChaos, MediaTrip, and AtomFilms. Stan Lee of Marvel Comics launched an animated comics site. This article is about the comic book company. ...

The Internet also saw the proliferation of many adult-only Flash cartoon sites. Some of the shows from that period made the transition to traditional media, including Queer Duck, Gary the Rat, Happy Tree Friends, the politically-minded JibJab shorts and the popular Homestar Runner. Occasionally, the trend has been reversed: after being canceled from both ABC and Fox, Atom Films created net-only episodes of The Critic in 2000-2001. In another instance, Flash almost made the transition to the big screen. In 2001, production began on what would have been the first Flash-animated feature film, the ill-fated "Lil' Pimp," which also began life as an Internet series. As potentially controversial as its subject matter was, it had a relatively large budget, a number of well-known actors (including William Shatner, Bernie Mac, and Lil Kim), a full crew, and a running time of nearly 80 minutes. Although Sony Pictures decided not to release the film, it was eventually released on DVD by Lion's Gate. Happy Tree Friends is a flash cartoon series by Mondo Mini Shows, created by Kenn Navarro, Aubrey Ankrum and Rhode Montijo. ... The JibJab logo, with its Victorian era appearance, illustrates the influence of Terry Gilliam on the duos animation JibJab is a website featuring Flash cartoons. ... It has been suggested that World of Homestar Runner, Bubs, Coach Z, Homsar, The King of Town, Marzipan (Homestar Runner), Pom Pom (Homestar Runner), Homestar Runner (character), Strong Bad, Strong Mad, Strong Sad, The Cheat (Homestar Runner), The Poopsmith, and Trogdor be merged into this article or section. ... AtomFilms is a broadband entertainment network offering original short subject films, animations, and series by independent creators. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

Several recording companies experimented with releasing animated music videos to promote their artists' releases online, including Madonna, the Beastie Boys and Tenacious D, however none became the hit that allowed for the expansion of Flash animated music videos. Adam Sandler and Tim Burton among others, released original Internet-only animated works, but were not able to devise successful financial models and the trend dissipated, largely as a result of a lack of viable micropayment systems. Madonna Louise Ciccone Ritchie (born August 16, 1958), better known as simply Madonna, is a six-time Grammy[1] and one-time Golden Globe award winning American pop singer, songwriter, record and film producer, dancer, actress, author and fashion icon. ... The Beastie Boys as depicted on the cover of their 1992 album Check Your Head. ... Tenacious D, or The D as they are known by their fans,[1] is an American rock band duo composed of musician/actors Kyle Gass and Jack Black. ... Adam Richard Sandler (born September 9th, 1966) is an American comedian, actor, musician, screenwriter, and film producer. ... Timothy Tim William Burton (born August 25, 1958) is an Academy Award-nominated American film director, writer and designer. ...

Several popular online series are currently produced in Flash, such as the Emmy Award-winning Off-Mikes, produced by ESPN and Animax Entertainment and Gotham Girls, produced by Warner Brothers. An Emmy Award. ... ESPN/ESPN-DT, formerly an acronym for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network, is an [[United States|Amer<nowiki>Insert non-formatted text here--68. ... Animax Entertainment is an animation studio based in Culver City, California whose clients include Disney, ESPN, Warner Bros. ... Gotham Girls is an American animated Flash cartoon series created and produced jointly by Warner Brothers and Noodle Soup Productions about the females of Gotham City. ... Warner Bros. ...

Many animated television series are produced using Macromedia Flash, inspired by both the comparatively low cost of production and the unique style that can be achieved with the software, including Metalocalypse, Being Ian, Foster's Home For Imaginary Friends, Hi Hi Puffy AmiYumi, Happy Tree Friends, Odd Job Jack, Wow! Wow! Wubbzy!, the BBC Three show Monkey Dust, Yin Yang Yo, Aaagh! It's the Mr. Hell Show and Queer Duck from Showtime, and Shorties Watching Shorties on Comedy Central. An animated series or cartoon series is a television series produced by means of animation. ... Metalocalypse is an animated television series on Adult Swim created by Brendon Small and Tommy Blacha. ... Being Ian is a Canadian animated series, produced by Studio B Productions, Corus Entertainment and Nelvana, focusing on the young Ian Kelley, who is 11, who aspires to become a filmmaker. ... Fosters Home for Imaginary Friends (sometimes called Fosters for short, and abbreviated as FHIF/FHFIF) is an Emmy-Winning American animated television series created and produced at Cartoon Network Studios by animator Craig McCracken, who also created The Powerpuff Girls. ... Hi Hi Puffy AmiYumi is a Japanese-American animated television series produced by Renegade Animation for the Cartoon Network, which was created by Sam Register, who also serves as the series executive producer. ... Happy Tree Friends is a flash cartoon series by Mondo Mini Shows, created by Kenn Navarro, Aubrey Ankrum and Rhode Montijo. ... Odd Job Jack is a Canadian animated comedy television show featuring Don McKellar, about one guys misadventures in temporary employment. ... Wow! Wow! Wubbzy! is an animated childrens television series created by Bob Boyle (who also created Yin Yang Yo!), produced by Bolder Media (a joint-venture between Frederator Studios and the Mixed Media Group) and Film Roman/Starz. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... Monkey Dust is a British animated TV series that satirises the darker side of life in the United Kingdom. ... Yin Yang Yo! is an American/UK animated television series created by Walt Disney Television Animation. ... Aaagh! Its The Mr Hell Show was an adult animated comedy show which ran for one season of thirteen episodes in 2001, produced by a British-Canadian collaboration. ... Queer Duck is an animated series that originally appeared on Icebox. ... Showtime is a subscription television brand used by a number of channels and platforms around the world, but primarily refers to a group of channels in the United States. ... Shorties Watching Shorties is a television show broadcast on the Comedy Channel. ... Comedy Central is an American cable television and satellite television channel in the United States. ...

Other television series, such as Home Movies and Harvey Birdman, Attorney at Law, both broadcast on Cartoon Network's Adult Swim programming block, have switched to Flash from other animation technology. Home Movies is a dialogue-driven American animated television series that originally aired from 1999 to 2004. ... Harvey Birdman, Attorney at Law was a comedic American animated television series created by Williams Street that airs on Cartoon Network during its Adult Swim late night programming block. ... For Cartoon Network outside of the United States, see Cartoon Network around the world. ... Adult Swim, sometimes rendered [adult swim] based on its logo, is the name for an adult-oriented television programming network. ...

Many animation film festivals have responded to the popularity of Flash animation by adding separate categories in competition for "web cartoons" or "Internet cartoons." Additionally, several exclusively web-based Flash competitions have been established. It is speculated that only the category "made for Internet" will survive, as competitions at animation film festivals are typically arranged in categories defined by film length and distribution channel, rather than by animation techniques or tools used to create the films.

Timeline - First Flash Projects on Television

Year Project Notes
2000 The Rosie O'Donnell Show - Opening Titles For the 2000 and 2001 seasons, the show opens were created by Bullseye Art, which has spun off into a company called Magic Butter. These titles were nominated for a daytime Emmy for 'Main Title Design.'
2000 Breakup Girl This aired on the Oxygen Network in March 2000 as part of the "X-Chromosome" block a sort of female Liquid Television overseen by Kit Laybourne and Machi Tantillo.
2001 Ollie's Under The Bed Adventures This was a half-hour special on Teletoon in March, which eventually spawned the series now known as Olliver's Adventures.
2001 Quads! In November of 2001, this series launched on Australia's Special Broadcasting Service network.
2001 TV Warehouse The title sequence for this BBC program was produced in Flash by Elephant Egg.
2002 Meena One hundred minutes of a series of Public Service Annoncements (PSA's) for the project Meena were animated by Future Thought Productions for UNICEF Asia.
2002 The Proud Family Shorties These episodes of The Proud Family were animated at Hyperion Pictures under the Animobile label. Two episodes were animated by Animax Entertainment (The Beach and The Picnic).
2002 Home Movies The second season of this series was produced in Flash.
2002 ¡Mucha Lucha! The first US network Flash series.
2002 The Mr. Dink Show Canada’s first broadcast Flash production.
2002 Bobinogs On BBC Two Wales.
200? Xiao Xiao #3 A stickfigure animation shown on MTV
200? Stroker and Hoop Canceled Adult Swim series.

The Rosie ODonnell Show was a popular American daytime television talk show hosted and produced by actress and comedian Rosie ODonnell. ... Bullseye Art was a graphic design and animation company that began in 1995. ... Bullseye Art was a graphic design and animation company that began in 1995. ... For the womens television network see: Oh! Oxygen. ... Liquid Television was a 1990s animation showcase that appeared on MTV. The first season of Liquid Television originally aired on BBC Two. ... Kit Laybourne is an independent producer of animation projects for television [1] and the Chief Creative Director at Oxygen (TV channel). ... Ollivers Adventures is a show that aired only on Teletoon. ... The Special Broadcasting Service (SBS) is one of two government funded Australian public broadcasting radio and television networks, the other being the Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC). ... Future Thought Productions is a creative animation studio that creates, produces or contributes to film, television, web and mobile animation. ... UNICEF Logo The United Nations Childrens Fund or UNICEF (Arabic: ; French: ; Spanish: ) was established by the United Nations General Assembly on December 11, 1946. ... The Proud Family is an American animated television series geared towards pre-teens and teenagers. ... This page may meet Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... Animax Entertainment is an animation studio based in Culver City, California whose clients include Disney, ESPN, Warner Bros. ... Home Movies is a dialogue-driven American animated television series that originally aired from 1999 to 2004. ... ¡Mucha Lucha! is the first animated television series created with Macromedia Flash, a program usually used for Internet cartoons. ... Bobinogs is a childrens television programme on BBC 2. ... Screenshot from one of the Xiao Xiao animations Xiao Xiao Movie (Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is an internet flash cartoon series by Chinese animator Zhu Zhiqiang, featuring stick-figure men performing choreographed fight scenes. ... Stroker and Hoop (also Stroker & Hoop) is an American Flash animated television series on Cartoon Networks Adult Swim block. ...

Timeline - Other Flash Animated TV Series

Year Project Notes
2003 Chilly Beach Launched on CBC Television, this became one of the first Flash productions to make the move from online "webisodes" to national TV.
2006 Yin Yang Yo The Second Disney series made entirely in Flash.
2006 Pucca A Flash series based on a series of online shorts produced by VOOZ in South Korea. The TV series is produced by Studio B in Canada.
2006 Chaotic A Flash series based on the story of the original Chaotic Trading Card Game.

Movie Poster Chilly Beach is a Canadian animated television series, which airs on CBC Television in Canada and The Comedy Channel in Australia. ... CBC Television is a Canadian English language television network. ... A webisode is an episode of a television show that airs initially as an Internet download or stream as opposed to first airing on broadcast or cable television. ... Yin Yang Yo! is an American/UK animated television series created by Walt Disney Television Animation. ... Left: Garu; Right: Pucca Pucca / Pucca Funny Love [Hangul:뿌까] is an online Macromedia Flash/computer-generated imagery animated series from the South Korean company Vooz Character Systems and Jetix. ... Chaotic, the animated series, is cartoon produced 4kids Entertainment and animated by Bardel Entertainment and Huminah Huminah Animation Studio. ... Chaotic is a Danish trading card game brought over to the United States by Chaotic USA and 4kids Entertainment, and distributed by TC Digital Games[3]. It is to be released in October 2007. ...

Timeline - First Flash Feature Film Projects (Theatrically Released)

Year Project Notes
2005 The Golden Blaze Directed by Bryon E. Carson, starring the voices of Blair Underwood and Michael Clarke Duncan, had a limited theatrical run making it the first flash animated film to be released on the big screen.
2005 Xuxinha e Guto Contra os Monstros do Espaço Directed by Clewerson Saremba e André Passos, produced at Labocine, in Rio de Janeiro, released in 2005 Christmas, was a big sucess in Brazil.
2006 Romeo & Juliet: Sealed with a Kiss Former Disney animator Phil Nibbelink took 4 1/2 years to make it and he drew 112,000 frames with a Wacom tablet directly into Flash 4, in combination with Moho.
2006 That Darn Jesus An animated segment of nineteen minutes produced at an aspect ratio of 1.85:1 and HD 1080 (1920 px X 1080 px) for the movie Universal Remote by Future Thought Productions.
2007 Turma da Mônica: Uma Aventura no Tempo Directed by Mauricio de Sousa, produced at Labocine, in Rio de Janeiro, is biggest box office in brazilian animation history
2008 El sol First Argentinian animated movie done integrally with Adobe Flash. Directed by Ayar Blasco.

The Golden Blaze is a direct to video animated film released in 2005[1]. It was produced by Warner Bros. ... Future Thought Productions is a creative animation studio that creates, produces or contributes to film, television, web and mobile animation. ... El Sol (The Sun in Spanish—also known as the East Los Angeles Shuttle) is a bus line that serves the unincorporated East Los Angeles area of Los Angeles County. ...

Flash Animation Distribution

While the creation of animation using Flash can be easier and less expensive than traditional animation techniques, the amount of time, money, and skill required to produce a project using the software depends on the chosen content and style. Internet distribution is considerably easier and less expensive than television broadcasting, and websites such as Newgrounds and UGOplayer provide free hosting. Many Flash animations are created by individual or amateur artists, although it does require some amount of technical knowledge to create a notable work with the software. Many Flash animations first distributed on the web became popular enough to be broadcast on television, particularly on such networks as MTV and G4TV. Newgrounds is a website headquartered in Glenside, Pennsylvania, USA and created in 1995 that primarily hosts Adobe Flash animated films and games. ... Flashplayer Website UGOPlayer (formerly Flashplayer before January 2006), is a website of Macromedia Flash animations, games and music videos submitted to it by its users. ... This article is about the original U.S. music television channel. ... G4 is an American cable and satellite television channel originally geared toward male viewers aged 12–34, devoted to the world of video games and the video game lifestyle. ...

Flash Animation in Professional Studios

Flash animation production is enjoying considerable popularity in major animation studios around the world, as animators take advantage of the software's ability to organize a large number of assets (such as characters, scenes, movements, and props) for later re-use. Because Flash files are in vector file format, they can be used to transfer animation to 35 mm film without any compromise in image quality. This feature is used by several independent animators world-wide, including Phil Nibbelink, who saw his 77-minute feature film Romeo & Juliet: Sealed with a Kiss released in theaters in 2006. It has been suggested that Vector monitor be merged into this article or section. ... Phil Nibbelink is an American animator, and a former member of Walt Disney Feature Animation. ...

Creating Flash animation from other software

There are a number of other software packages available that can create output in the .swf format. Among these are Animo, (Cambridge Animation Systems), Toon Boom Studio, Toufee, Celaction, KoolMoves and Anime Studio (previously named Moho from Lost Marble, now eFrontier). These front-ends often provide additional support for creating cartoons, especially with tools more tailored to traditionally-trained animators, as well as additional rigging for characters, which can speed up character animation considerably. Additionally, there are programs available which translate 3D information into 2D vectors. There are loads of flash designers all around the globe, of which quite a few are mentionable. Neostream appointed 8 designers worldwide to create their site of which the leading designer was ABM Kamran, a boy of 17 from Bangladesh. Toufee, is a new WYSIWYG online Flash movie builder that aims to make it easy for non technical users to quickly create impressive multimedia items for embedding in web pages. ... KoolMoves is a flash-authoring program created by Lucky Monkey Designs LLC., the program is currently in its 5th version (version 5. ... Anime Studio is a vector based 2D animation software for animators distributed by e frontier. ...

OSFlash hosts a number of different open source methods of dealing with Flash animation. Open source refers to projects that are open to the public and which draw on other projects that are freely available to the general public. ...

External links

  • Newgrounds: Everything, by Everyone The biggest repository of user-submitted Flash animation in the world. People are free to submit their own Flash work, or browse the thousands of submissions.
  • Homestar Runner - A flash animation site very popular for its web cartoons and games.
  • JibJab - A collection of flash cartoons popularized by a parody of Woodie Guthrie's This Land is Your Land for the 2004 presidential election.
  • Flash Cartoons - One of the first flash cartoon sites, original cartoons, tutorials on animation.

  Results from FactBites:
Adobe Flash - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3871 words)
Flash is commonly used to: create animation, advertisements, various web-page components, integrate video into web pages, and more recently, develop rich Internet applications such as portals.
Of late, the Flash libraries are being used with the XML capabilities of the browser to render rich content in the browser.
Since Flash files do not depend on a truly open standard such as SVG, this reduces the incentive for non-commercial software to support the format, although there are several third party tools which utilize and generate the SWF file format and a large and vibrant open source community.
Macromedia Flash - Facts, Information, and Encyclopedia Reference article (2543 words)
Macromedia Flash, or simply Flash, refers to both a multimedia authoring program and the Macromedia Flash Player, written and distributed by Macromedia (to be acquired by Adobe Systems), that utilizes vector and raster graphics, a native scripting language called ActionScript and bidirectional streaming of video and audio.
Flash Player uses a sandbox security model, which means that Flash applications running in a browser have very strict and limited resources available to them.
Flash can retain information locally (in a manner similar, but more extensive, to browser cookies), giving the client the ability to, for example, remember the level or score a user has achieved on a Flash-based game, or the settings used on a previously visited website.
  More results at FactBites »



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