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Encyclopedia > Flamethrower, Portable, No 2

The Flamethrower, Portable, No 2 (nicknamed Lifebuoy from the shape of the fuel tank), also known as the Ack Pack, was a British design of flamethrower for infantry use in the Second World War. German troops use a flamethrower on the Eastern Front during the Second World War French Foreign Legion combat engineers training with the flamethrower A flamethrower is a mechanical device designed to throw flames or, more correctly, project an ignited stream of liquid. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ...


The Mark 1 was used as a training weapon, while the improved Mark 2 was used in action. Over 7,000 units were produced from 1943 to 1944. They were ready for service during Operation Overlord (the Allied invasion of Normandy). The Battle of Normandy was fought in 1944 between the German forces occupying Western Europe and the invading Allies. ... When spelt with a capital A, Allies usually denotes the countries that fought together against the Central Powers in World War I and against the Axis Powers in World War II. For more information, see the related articles: Allies of World War I and Allies of World War II. Other...


The Ack pack was a harness carrying a ring-shaped fuel container with a capacity of 4 Imperial gallons (18 litres) of fuel on the operators back. Located in the middle of the ring was a spherical container holding the propelling gas which was pressurized to 2000 lb/sq in (140 Bar). This was sufficient to propel the burning fuel 120 feet (36 metres). A hose from the fuel tank passed to the nozzle assembly which had two pistol grips to hold and aim the spray, one equipped with the trigger. The Ack Pack nozzle was fitted with a 10 chambered cylinder which contained the ignition cartridges. These could be fired once each giving the operator 10 bursts of flame. In practice this gave 10 one second bursts. It was also possible to spray fuel without igniting it to ensure there was plenty splashed around the target, then fire an ignited burst to light up the whole lot. The gallon (abbr. ... The litre (spelled liter in American English) is a metric unit of volume. ... The bar is a measurement unit of pressure, equal to 1,000,000 dynes per square centimetre (baryes), or 100,000 newtons per square metre (pascals). ...


At some 29 kg the flamethrower was considered heavy.


See also

British & Commonwealth small arms of World War II
Side-arms
Webley Revolver | Enfield No. 2 Revolver | Webley&Scott .38 pistol
Rifles & submachine guns
Lee-Enfield No. 4 rifle | Lee-Enfield No. 5 Jungle Carbine
Sten SMG | Lanchester SMG | Austen SMG | Owen SMG
Machine-guns & other larger weapons
Bren gun | Lewis Gun | Vickers MG | PIAT | Boys Anti-tank Rifle
2-inch Mortar | Flamethrower No 2Lifebuoy or Ack-pack
Grenades
British grenades of WWI and WW2

 
 

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