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Encyclopedia > Flag of the United Kingdom
 Flag Ratio: 1:2
Flag Ratio: 1:2
Flag Ratio: 3:5

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland uses as its national flag the Royal Banner commonly known as the Union Flag or, popularly, Union Jack (although officially this title should only be given to the flag when it is flown at sea). The current design of the Union Flag dates from the union of Ireland and Great Britain in 1801. It consists of the red cross of Saint George (patron saint of England), edged in white, superimposed on the diagonal red cross of Saint Patrick (patron saint of Ireland), which are superimposed on the Saltire of Saint Andrew (patron saint of Scotland). Its correct proportions are 1:2. However, the version officially used by the British Army modifies the proportions to 3:5. While appearing symmetric, the flag is slightly different if flipped, as a mirror image. The flag can be placed upside down, if it is mirrored, but rotating it 180 degrees will have no change. Placing the flag upside down is considered to be lèse majesté and is offensive to some [1], however, it can be deliberately flown upside down by the military as a distress signal. While this is rarely done these days, it was used by groups under siege during the Boer War and during campaigns in India in the late 18th century. Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links FIAV_111000. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom_(3-5). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom_(3-5). ... Image File history File links FIAV_001000. ... Motto: (Royal) (French) God and my right Anthem: God Save the Queen  United Kingdom() – on the European continent() – in the European Union() [] Capital London Largest Most populous conurbation Greater London Urban Area Official languages English Government  -  Monarch Elizabeth II  -  Prime Minister Tony Blair Formation  -  24 March 1603   -  Acts of Union... Flag Ratio: 1:2 The Union Flag (more commonly known as the Union Jack) is the national flag of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. ... The Act of Union 1800 merged the Kingdom of Ireland and the Kingdom of Great Britain (itself a merger of England and Wales and Scotland under the Act of Union 1707) to create the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on 1 January 1801. ... The Union Jack, flag of the newly formed United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ... Saint-George is a municipality with 695 inhabitants (as of 2003) in the district of Aubonne in the canton of Vaud, Switzerland. ... Saint Quentin is the patron saint of locksmiths and is also invoked against coughs and sneezes. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London (de facto) Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2006 est. ... For information about the holiday, see: Saint Patricks Day Saint Patrick (Latin: , Irish: Naomh Pádraig) was a Christian missionary and is the patron saint of Ireland along with Brigid of Kildare and Columba. ... The arms of St Albans: Azure, a saltire Or (a gold saltire on a blue field) For The Saltire (proper noun) see Flag of Scotland. ... Saint Andrew (Greek: Ανδρέας, Andreas, manly, brave), called in the Orthodox tradition Protocletos, or the First-called, is a Christian Apostle and the younger brother of Saint Peter. ... Motto: (Latin) No one provokes me with impunity(English) Wha daur meddle wi me? (Scots)[1] Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official languages English, Gaelic, Scots[2] Government  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Jack McConnell MSP Unification    - by Kenneth I... The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ... Lese majesty, leze majesty, or lèse majesté (from the Latin Laesa maiestatis, injury to the Majesty) is the crime of violating majesty, an offense against the dignity of a reigning sovereign or against a state. ... There were two Boer Wars: the First Boer War (1880–1881) the Second Boer War (1899–1902). ...


The history, current status, and nomenclature of the Union Flag, and its use other than as a flag for the United Kingdom (for example, in Australia), are treated more fully under the article Union Flag. Flag Ratio: 1:2 The Union Flag (more commonly known as the Union Jack) is the national flag of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. ...

Contents

Flying the flag

Flag Days (United Kingdom Government)

The Flag is only flown on government buildings as decided by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport or on the command of the Queen.[1] DCMS Logo DCMS headquarters in Cockspur Street The Department for Culture, Media and Sport (sometimes abbreviated DCMS) is a department of the British government. ... The British monarch or Sovereign is the monarch and head of state of the United Kingdom and its overseas territories, and is the source of all executive, judicial and (as the Queen-in-Parliament) legislative power. ...


Currently the Flag is flown on days marking the birthdays of members of the Royal family, the wedding anniversary of the monarch, Commonwealth Day, Accession Day, Coronation Day, The Queen's official birthday, Remembrance Sunday and on the days of the State Opening and prorogation of Parliament. Members of the Royal Family on the balcony of Buckingham Palace after the Trooping the Colour ceremony The British Royal Family is a shared royal family. ... Commonwealth Day is the annual celebration of the Commonwealth of Nations held on the second Monday in March, and which is marked by a multi-faith service in Westminster Abbey normally attended by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, Head of the Commonwealth, the Commonwealth Secretary-General and the Commonwealth High... Accession Day is the anniversary of the day a monarch succeeds to the throne upon the death of the previous monarch. ... Coronation Day is the anniversary of the coronation of a monarch, the day a king or queen is formally crowned and invested with the regalia. ... In Jersey the Lieutenant-Governor hosts a reception for the public at Government House to mark the Queens Official Birthday at which he announces recipients of Birthday Honours The Queens Birthday or Queens Official Birthday is celebrated as a public holiday in several Commonwealth countries (usually Commonwealth... In the United Kingdom Remembrance Sunday is the Sunday nearest to 11 November - Remembrance Day, which is the anniversary of when hostilities in the First World War ended at 11 a. ...

The Flag of the United Kingdom
The Flag of the United Kingdom

The current flag days when the Union Flag should be flown all over the UK are: Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 864 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Flag of the... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 864 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Flag of the...

In addition, the flag should be flown in the following areas on the specified days: January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Countess of Wessex (Sophie Helen Mountbatten-Windsor; born Rhys-Jones, 20 January 1965), is a member of the British Royal Family, the wife of Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, the youngest son of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. ... February 6 is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... February 19 is the 50th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... The Prince Andrew, Duke of York, KG, KCVO, ADC(P) (Andrew Albert Christian Edward Mountbatten-Windsor; born Windsor, 19 February 1960) is a member of the British Royal Family, the third child and second son of Queen Elizabeth II. He has held the title of Duke of York since 1986. ... Commonwealth Day is the annual celebration of the Commonwealth of Nations held on the second Monday in March, and which is marked by a multi-faith service in Westminster Abbey normally attended by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, Head of the Commonwealth, the Commonwealth Secretary-General and the Commonwealth High... March 10 is the 69th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (70th in leap years). ... The Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, KG, KCVO, SOM (Edward Antony Richard Louis Mountbatten-Windsor; born 10 March 1964) is a member of the British Royal Family, the youngest child and third son of Queen Elizabeth II. He has held the title of Earl of Wessex since 1999. ... April 21 is the 111th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (112th in leap years). ... May 9 is the 129th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (130th in leap years). ... The Council of Europe (COE) has developed a series of European symbols for the continent of Europe, and these have since been shared with the European Union (EU). ... June 2 is the 153rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (154th in leap years), with 212 days remaining. ... June 10 is the 161st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (162nd in leap years), with 204 days remaining. ... The Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, (Philip Mountbatten; born Prince Philippos of Greece and Denmark, 10 June 1921) is the husband and consort of Queen Elizabeth II. Originally a Prince of Greece and Denmark, Prince Philip abandoned those titles to serve in the Royal Navy of the United Kingdom, but... In Jersey the Lieutenant-Governor hosts a reception for the public at Government House to mark the Queens Official Birthday at which he announces recipients of Birthday Honours The Queens Birthday or Queens Official Birthday is celebrated as a public holiday in several Commonwealth countries (usually Commonwealth... July 17 is the 198th day (199th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 167 days remaining. ... Camilla, The Duchess of Cornwall (Camilla Rosemary Mountbatten-Windsor; formerly Parker Bowles; born Shand, 17 July 1947) is the second wife of Charles, Prince of Wales, heir apparent to the thrones of the United Kingdom and the other 15 Commonwealth Realms. ... August 15 is the 227th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (228th in leap years), with 138 days remaining. ... The Princess Anne, Princess Royal (Anne Elizabeth Alice Louise Laurence; born Windsor, later Mountbatten-Windsor, formerly Phillips; 15 August 1950), is a member of the British Royal Family and the only daughter of Elizabeth II. She is the seventh holder of the title Princess Royal, and is currently ninth in... In the United Kingdom Remembrance Sunday is the Sunday nearest to 11 November - Remembrance Day, which is the anniversary of when hostilities in the First World War ended at 11 a. ... November 14 is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 47 days remaining. ... The Prince Charles, Prince of Wales (Charles Philip Arthur George Mountbatten-Windsor; born Windsor, 14 November 1948), is the eldest son of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. ... November 20 is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ...

On the national days of England, Scotland and Wales, the respective National Flag may also be flown if there is a second flagpole only. The National Flag cannot take precedence over the Union Flag. March 1 is the 60th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (61st in leap years). ... This article is about the country. ... Saint Davids Day (Welsh: Dydd Gŵyl Dewi Sant) is the feast day of Saint David, the patron saint of Wales, and falls on March 1 each year. ... March 17 is the 76th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (77th in leap years). ... Anthem: UK: God Save the Queen Regional: (de facto) Londonderry Air Capital Belfast Largest city Belfast Official languages English (de facto), Irish, Ulster Scots 3, Northern Ireland Sign Language, Irish Sign Language Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister of the UK Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Office... St. ... April 23 is the 113th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (114th in leap years). ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London (de facto) Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2006 est. ... Saint George oil painting by Raphael St Georges Day is celebrated in several nations of whom Saint George is the patron saint, including England, Georgia, Bulgaria, Portugal, and Catalonia. ... November 30 is the 334th day (335th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 31 days remaining. ... Motto: (Latin) No one provokes me with impunity(English) Wha daur meddle wi me? (Scots)[1] Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official languages English, Gaelic, Scots[2] Government  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Jack McConnell MSP Unification    - by Kenneth I... Saint Andrew (Greek: Andreas, manly), the Christian Apostle, brother of Saint Peter, was born at Bethsaida on the Lake of Galilee. ... Greater London is the top-level administrative subdivision covering London, England. ... Greater London is the top-level administrative subdivision covering London, England. ...


Flag Days (Scottish Executive)

The Scottish Parliament flies the Union Flag, the Saltire, and the EU Flag.
The Scottish Parliament flies the Union Flag, the Saltire, and the EU Flag.

In Scotland, the Scottish Executive has decreed that the Flag of Scotland ("the Saltire") will fly on all its buildings everyday from 8am until sunset. An exception is made for "national days". On these days, the Saltire shall be lowered and replaced with the Union Flag. These are the same as the flag days noted above with the exception of: Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 792 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2428 × 1838 pixel, file size: 383 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Flag of Scotland... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 792 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2428 × 1838 pixel, file size: 383 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Flag of Scotland... For the national legislative body up to 1707, see Parliament of Scotland. ... European flag The European flag consists of a circle of twelve golden stars on a blue background. ... The Executives logo, shown with English and Scottish Gaelic caption The term Scottish Executive is used in two different, but closely-related senses: to denote the executive arm of Scotlands national legislature (i. ... The Saltire, the flag of Scotland, a white saltire with an official Pantone 300 coloured field. ...

Another difference is that on Saint Andrew's Day, the Union Flag can only be flown if the building has more than one flagpole- the Saltire will not be lowered to makeway for the Union Flag if there is only one flagpole.[2] September 3 is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Saint Andrew (Greek: Andreas, manly), the Christian Apostle, brother of Saint Peter, was born at Bethsaida on the Lake of Galilee. ...


Flag Days (Northern Ireland)

In Northern Ireland, the Union Flag is flown from buildings of the Northern Ireland Office as decreed by Regulations published in 2000.[3] The Regulations were amended in 2002 to remove the requirement to fly the flag on the birthdays of Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother and Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon who both died that year.[4] The current flag days are now the same as the United Kingdom government days noted above with the exception of the Duchess of Cornwall's birthday, which was only added to the UK flag days after her wedding to the Prince of Wales in 2005, and has not yet been extended to Northern Ireland. Anthem: UK: God Save the Queen Regional: (de facto) Londonderry Air Capital Belfast Largest city Belfast Official languages English (de facto), Irish, Ulster Scots 3, Northern Ireland Sign Language, Irish Sign Language Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister of the UK Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Office... The Northern Ireland Office (NIO) is an arm of the United Kingdom government, responsible for Northern Ireland affairs. ... Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon in her later years as Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother The Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon (Elizabeth Angela Marguerite Windsor L.G., L.T., C.I., G.C.V.O., G.B.E., née Bowes-Lyon) (4 August 1900 – 30 March 2002) was the Queen consort of... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


The Police Service of Northern Ireland is the only body in the United Kingdom that is not permitted to fly the Union Flag, and is only permitted to fly its service flag or the Royal Standard in the event of a visit by the Sovereign.[5] The Police Service of Northern Ireland (Irish: Seirbhís Póilíneachta Thuaisceart na hÉireann) is the police service that covers Northern Ireland. ... Several countries use the term Royal Standard to describe the flag used by the monarch and members of the royal family. ...


Half Staff

The Flag is flown from government buildings at half staff in the following situations:

  • from the announcement of the death of the Sovereign (an exception is made for Proclamation Day- the day the new Sovereign is proclaimed, when the Flag is flown at full staff from 11am to sunset
  • the day of the funeral of a member of the British Royal Family
  • the funeral of a foreign ruler
  • the funeral of a former Prime Minister[6]

The Sovereign sometimes declares other days when the Flag is to fly at half staff. Half staff means the flag is flown two-thirds up between the top and bottom of the flagstaff.[7] The British monarch or Sovereign is the monarch and head of state of the United Kingdom and its overseas territories, and is the source of all executive, judicial and (as the Queen-in-Parliament) legislative power. ... Proclamation Day is the South Australian public holiday that celebrates the proclamation of South Australia as a British colony. ... Members of the Royal Family on the balcony of Buckingham Palace after the Trooping the Colour ceremony The British Royal Family is a shared royal family. ... The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is, in practice, the political leader of the the United Kingdom. ...


Other bodies

Individuals, companies, local authorities, hospitals, and schools are free to fly the flag whenever they choose. Planning permission is not required to fly the Union Flag from a flagpole.


See also

Flag Ratio: 1:2 The Union Flag (more commonly known as the Union Jack) is the national flag of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. ... This is a gallery of flags based on British ensigns. ... This is a list of flags used by and in the United Kingdom and related territories. ... This is a list of flags used exclusively in England. ... This is a list of flags that are used exclusively in Scotland. ... This is a list of flags used exclusively in Wales. ... This is a list of flags which have been, or are still today, used on the island of Ireland. ... Flag of the Flag Institute, adopted on creation of the Institute, 23 April 1971. ... The national colours of the United Kingdom are usually identified as the combination of red, white and blue. ...

References

  1. ^ Department for Culture, Media and Sport- Flag Flying
  2. ^ Scotland.gov.uk- "Royal and ceremonial"/
  3. ^ The Flags Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2000
  4. ^ The Flags Regulations (Northern Ireland) (Amendment) 2002
  5. ^ Police Emblems and Flags Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2002
  6. ^ Culture.gov - FAQ
  7. ^ Culture.gov - Rules

External links

  • Court of the Lord Lyon, Flags
  • British Monarchy - Union Flag
  • The Flag Institute
Flags of the United Kingdom
UK National flag (Union Flag) | Royal Standard
Home Nations England | Scotland | Northern Ireland | Wales
Ensigns Blue Ensign | Red Ensign | White Ensign | Royal Air Force Ensign | Civil Air Ensign


This is a list of flags used by and in the United Kingdom and related territories. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Flag Ratio: 1:2 The Union Flag (more commonly known as the Union Jack) is the national flag of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. ... Image File history File links Royal_Standard_of_England. ... Several countries use the term Royal Standard to describe the flag used by the monarch and members of the royal family. ... Home Nations (often written as the common noun home nations) is a term used to refer to the four constituent countries of the United Kingdom — England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland — collectively but as separate entities, distinct from the United Kingdom as a state[]. The term is also used to... Image File history File links Flag_of_England_(bordered). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Scotland. ... The Saltire, the flag of Scotland, a white saltire with an official Pantone 300 coloured field. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Northern_Ireland. ... Contrary to popular belief, the 1972 suspension of the Northern Irish provincial government did not suspend the existence of the provincial flag, shown on this page below, or the provincial arms. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Wales. ... Flag ratio: 2:3 The Welsh Dragon on the tailfin of an Air Wales ATR 42 aircraft. ... The White Ensign. ... Image File history File links Government_Ensign_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The modern Blue Ensign of the United Kingdom The British Blue Ensign (1707–1801) English Blue Ensign as it appeared in the seventeenth century. ... Image File history File links Civil_Ensign_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The Red Ensign, as currently used by the United Kingdoms Merchant Navy The Red Ensign is a flag that originated in the early 1600s as an ensign flown by the Royal Navy. ... Image File history File links Naval_Ensign_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The White Ensign. ... Image File history File links Ensign_of_the_Royal_Air_Force. ... Royal Air Force Ensign The Royal Air Force Ensign is the official flag which used to represent the Royal Air Force. ... Image File history File links Civil_Air_Ensign_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... British Civil Air Ensign. ...

National flags National coats of arms
Flags of sovereign states Coats of arms of sovereign states
Flags of dependent territories Coats of arms of dependent territories
Flags of unrecognized states Coats of arms of unrecognized states
Flags of micronations Coats of arms of micronations
Flags of formerly independent states

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