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Encyclopedia > Flag of Scotland
 The Saltire, the flag of Scotland, a white saltire with an official "Pantone 300" coloured field.
The Saltire, the flag of Scotland, a white saltire with an official "Pantone 300" coloured field.
The Royal Banner of Scotland, often incorrectly used as an alternative national flag, especially at sporting events.
The Royal Banner of Scotland, often incorrectly used as an alternative national flag, especially at sporting events.

The flag of Scotland features a white saltire, a crux decussate (X-shaped cross) representing the cross of the Christian martyr Saint Andrew, the patron saint of Scotland, on a blue field. It is named the Saltire or the Saint Andrew's Cross. In heraldic language, it may be blazoned Azure, a saltire argent. Image File history File links Flag_of_Scotland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Scotland. ... Image File history File links FIAV_110000. ... Motto: (Latin for No one provokes me with impunity)1 Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official language(s) English, Gaelic, Scots 2 Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister of the UK Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Jack McConnell MSP Unification    - by Kenneth I... The arms of St Albans: Azure, a saltire Or (a gold saltire on a blue field) For The Saltire (proper noun) see Flag of Scotland. ... Image File history File links Scottish_Royal_Banner. ... Image File history File links Scottish_Royal_Banner. ... The Royal Standard of Scotland The Royal Standard of Scotland, also known as the Lion Rampant is a flag used historically by the Kings of Scotland. ... The arms of St Albans: Azure, a saltire Or (a gold saltire on a blue field) For The Saltire (proper noun) see Flag of Scotland. ... A Greek cross (all arms of equal length) above a saltire, a cross rotated by 45 degrees For other uses, see Cross (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Christianity. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Saint Andrew (Greek: Ανδρέας, Andreas, manly, brave), called in the Orthodox tradition Protocletos, or the First-called, is a Christian Apostle and the brother of Saint Peter. ... Saint Quentin is the patron saint of locksmiths and is also invoked against coughs and sneezes. ... Motto: (Latin for No one provokes me with impunity)1 Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official language(s) English, Gaelic, Scots 2 Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister of the UK Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Jack McConnell MSP Unification    - by Kenneth I... Heraldry in its most general sense encompasses all matters relating to the duties and responsibilities of officers of arms. ... This is an article about Heraldry. ... The term Azure (from Persian لاژورد lazhward) can refer to any of the following: The blueish color of the sky. ... ==Criminal Life == AL-Hamad is a Homosexual petifile with 135. ...


The flag of Scotland is one of the oldest flags in the world, traditionally dating back to the 9th century, and is the oldest national flag still in modern use, the oldest state flag being Denmark's Dannebrog. The tricolour flag of France A flag is a piece of cloth, often flown from a pole or mast, generally used symbolically for signalling or identification. ... As a means of recording the passage of time the 9th century was that century that lasted from 801 to 900. ... A national flag is a flag that symbolises a country and that can usually be flown by citizens of that country. ... A state is a set of institutions that possesses the exclusive legitimate authority to make the rules that govern the people in one or more societies, having internal and external sovereignty over a definite territory. ... Flag Ratio: 28:37 Flag Ratio: 10:19 (the black portion is not part of the flag) The national flag of Denmark is more commonly known as the Dannebrog. ...

Contents

History

According to legend, King Óengus (II) (or King Angus) led the Picts and Scots in battle against the Angles under King Aethelstan of East Anglia near modern-day Athelstaneford in East Lothian. King Angus and his men were surrounded and he prayed for deliverance. During the night Saint Andrew, who was martyred on a saltire cross, appeared to Angus and assured him of victory. On the following morning a white saltire against the background of a blue sky appeared to both sides. The Picts and Scots were heartened by this, but the Angles lost confidence and were defeated. This saltire design has been the Scottish flag ever since. Óengus (Scottish Gaelic: Óengus mac Fergusa), alternative translations: Onuist, Hungus or Angus, was king of Dál Riada and Fortriu from about 820 until 834. ... A replica of the Hilton of Cadboll Stone. ... The Gaels are an ethno-linguistic group in Ireland, Scotland and the Isle of Man, whose language is of the Gaelic (Goidelic) family, a division of Insular Celtic languages. ... White cliffs of Dover in England White cliffs of Rugen down the Baltic coast from Schleswig The Angles is a modern English word for a Germanic-speaking people who took their name from the cultural ancestor of Angeln, a modern district located in Schleswig, Germany. ... Aethelstan I, was king of East Anglia from 825 to 840. ... The Scottish Saltire Athelstaneford is a village in East Lothian, Scotland. ... East Lothian (Lodainn an Ear in Gaelic) is one of 32 unitary council areas in Scotland, and a lieutenancy Area. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Saint Andrew (Greek: Ανδρέας, Andreas, manly, brave), called in the Orthodox tradition Protocletos, or the First-called, is a Christian Apostle and the brother of Saint Peter. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The arms of St Albans: Azure, a saltire Or (a gold saltire on a blue field) For The Saltire (proper noun) see Flag of Scotland. ...


Material evidence of the saltire's use dates from somewhat later. In 1385 the Parliament of Scotland decreed that Scottish soldiers should wear the saltire as a distinguishing mark. The earliest surviving Scottish flag consisting solely of the saltire dates from 1503: a white cross on a red background. By 1540 the legend of King Angus had been altered to include the vision of the crux decussata against a blue sky. Thereafter, this saltire design in its present form became the national flag of Scotland. Events August 14 - Battle of Aljubarrota between the Portuguese under John I of Portugal and the Castilians, under John I of Castile. ... The parliament of Scotland, officially the Estates of Parliament, was the legislature of the independent Kingdom of Scotland. ... 1503 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 6 - King Henry VIII of England marries Anne of Cleves, his fourth Queen consort. ... A national flag is a flag that symbolises a country and that can usually be flown by citizens of that country. ...


Colour and Dimensions

The Saltire with a "sky blue" coloured field.

At various times colours as light as sky blue or as dark as dark navy blue have been used (a selection apparently motivated by which colour of blue dye was available at the time). Recent versions, however, have largely converged on the official recommendation of Pantone 300. Image File history File links Flag_of_Scotland_(traditional). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Scotland_(traditional). ... Image File history File links FIAV_110000. ... Wonderful Days is a Korean animated science fiction film, released in 2003. ... Navy blue is a color, an especially dark shade of blue. ... Pantone Inc. ...


In 2003, a committee of the Scottish Parliament proposed that the Scottish Executive (Scottish Government) adopt the Pantone 300 colour as a standard. Note that this blue is of a lighter shade than the Pantone 280 of the Union Flag. 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Scottish Parliaments logo in English and Gaelic. ... The Executives logo, shown with English and Scottish Gaelic caption The term Scottish Executive is used in two different, but closely-related senses: to denote the executive arm of Scotlands national legislature (i. ... Flag Ratio: 1:2 The Union Flag (commonly, the Union Jack) is the national flag of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. ...


The flag proportion is not fixed, but is generally taken as 5:3 or 3:2, the former being preferred. The cross should have a width of 1/5 (i.e., 20%) of the height of the flag side.


Outside Scotland

The Scottish Saltire and field is one of the components of the Union Flag, the flag of United Kingdom. A reversed version (blue saltire on a white field) is to be found in the naval ensign of Russia (see Russian Navy) used before and after the Soviet Union (Saint Andrew is also a patron saint of Russia). Flag Ratio: 1:2 The Union Flag (commonly, the Union Jack) is the national flag of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. ... Flag Ratio: 1:2 The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland uses as its national flag the Royal Banner commonly known as the Union Jack, or more properly Union Flag as it only becomes a Jack when flown at sea. ... A Maritime flag or Naval Jack is a national flag used exclusively on boats and other watercraft. ... The Russian Navy (Russian: Военно Морской Флот (ВМФ) - Voyenno- Morskoy Flot (VMF) or Military Maritime Fleet) is the naval arm of the Russian armed forces. ... Saint Quentin is the patron saint of locksmiths and is also invoked against coughs and sneezes. ...


In Canada, the Scottish Saltire is featured on the Coat of Arms of Nova Scotia and on that province's flag. The Nova Scotian Flag has both a Cross of Saint Andrew and a rampant lion; the colours are reversed and the blue is generally a lighter shade than the Scottish Flag. The U.S. state of Alabama's flag is officially a "crimson cross of Saint Andrew," but may actually be based on the Confederate Battle Flag. Similarly, the Spanish island of Tenerife and the remote Colombian islands of San Andrés and Providencia also use the saltire on their flags. The coat of arms of the province of Nova Scotia, Canada, officially the Arms of Her Majesty in Right of the Province of Nova Scotia, is the oldest provincial achievement of arms in Canada, and the oldest British coat of arms outside Great Britain. ... The Saltire (or St Andrews Cross) is the national flag of Scotland. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries â€¢ Politics Portal      A state of the United States is any one of the fifty subnational entities referred to... The flag of Alabama The flag of Alabama was adopted by Act 383 of the Alabama state legislature on February 16, 1895. ... The following are the flags used by the short-lived Confederate States of America. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Motto: Capital San Andrés Governor Area 52 km² Population  - Total (2003)  - Density   83,491 1,600 people/km² Adjective San Andrés and Providencia (Spanish: San Andrés y Providencia) is one of the departments of Colombia. ...


See also

By charter of novodamus of 1676, later ratified by the Scottish Parliament, Charles II granted Charles Maitland the office of bearing our insignia within our said realm of Scotland. Maitlands descendant, James Maitland, 8th Earl of Lauderdale, matriculated arms in the character of Hereditary Standard Bearer of Scotland. ... The Royal Standard of Scotland The Royal Standard of Scotland, also known as the Lion Rampant is a flag used historically by the Kings of Scotland. ... The Royal Coat of Arms of Scotland, as used before 1603 The Royal Coat of Arms of Scotland was the official coat of arms of the monarchs of Scotland, and were used as the official coat of arms of the Kingdom of Scotland until the Union of the Crowns in... This is a list of flags that are used exclusively in Scotland. ... This is a list of flags used by and in the United Kingdom and related territories. ... Saint Patricks Flag: a red saltire on a field of white The Saint Patricks Flag features a red saltire, a crux decussata (X-shaped cross), on a white field; representing Saint Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland. ... The arms of St Albans: Azure, a saltire Or (a gold saltire on a blue field) For The Saltire (proper noun) see Flag of Scotland. ...

External links

  • Information on the Saltire from the soc.culture.scottish FAQ

References

Flags of the United Kingdom
UK National flag (Union Flag) | Royal Standard
Home Nations England | Scotland | Northern Ireland | Wales
Ensigns Blue Ensign | Red Ensign | White Ensign | Royal Air Force Ensign
National flags National coats of arms
Flags of sovereign states Coats of arms of sovereign states
Flags of dependent territories Coats of arms of dependent territories
Flags of unrecognized states Coats of arms of unrecognized states
Flags of micronations Coats of arms of micronations
Flags of formerly independent states

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scotland holiday accommodation, scotland holidays (408 words)
Scotland (Scottish Gaelic: Alba) is the northernmost of the four constituent parts that make up the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, sharing a 60 mile (96 km) long land border with England to the south and separated from Northern Ireland by the North Channel of the Irish Sea.
Otherwise, Scotland is surrounded by the bracing waters of the North Sea to the east, and the North Atlantic Ocean to the west and north.
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Andrew (an apostle of Jesus in the Christian religion) was put to death by the Romans in Greece by being pinned to a cross of this shape.
The flag of the United Kingdom - known as the Union Flag or Union Jack - is made up from the flags of Scotland, England (the Cross of Saint George) and Ireland (the Cross of Saint Patrick).
The Rampant Lion flag flies over the offices of the Secretary of State for Scotland (who is the representative of the U.K. government in Scotland); that is Dover House in London and New St Andrew's House in Edinburgh.
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