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Encyclopedia > Flag of New Zealand
Flag of New Zealand
Flag of New Zealand
Use National flag and state ensign. Normal or de jure version of flag, or obverse side
Proportion 1:2
Adopted 1902-03-24
In use since 1869
Variant flag of New Zealand
Use Civil ensign. Normal or de jure version of flag, or obverse side
Proportion 1:2
Variant flag of New Zealand
Use Naval ensign. Normal or de jure version of flag, or obverse side
Proportion 1:2

The Flag of New Zealand is a defaced blue ensign with the Union Flag in the canton, and four red stars with white borders to the right. The stars represent the constellation of Crux, the Southern Cross, as seen from New Zealand. Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... The design and description of flags typically uses specialised flag terminology with precise and technical meanings, and is hence a form of jargon. ... The Dannebrog, national flag of Denmark, is the oldest state flag still in use. ... It has been suggested that the section intro from the article Civil flag be merged into this article or section. ... Ensign of the Russian Navy An ensign is a distinguishing flag of a ship or a military unit, or a distinguishing token, emblem, or badge, such as a symbol of office. ... Ensign of the Imperial Japanese Navy. ... Image File history File links FIAV_111010. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... is the 83rd day of the year (84th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1869 (MDCCCLXIX) is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Image File history File links Civil_Ensign_of_New_Zealand. ... The design and description of flags typically uses specialised flag terminology with precise and technical meanings, and is hence a form of jargon. ... The civil ensign (a. ... Ensign of the Imperial Japanese Navy. ... Image File history File links FIAV_000100. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Naval_Ensign_of_New_Zealand. ... The design and description of flags typically uses specialised flag terminology with precise and technical meanings, and is hence a form of jargon. ... A naval ensign is the flag used by a countrys navy on their ships. ... Ensign of the Imperial Japanese Navy. ... Image File history File links FIAV_000001. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The modern Blue Ensign of the United Kingdom The British Blue Ensign (1707–1801) English Blue Ensign as it appeared in the seventeenth century. ... Flag Ratio: 1:2 Flag Ratio: 3:5 The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland uses as its national flag the Royal Banner commonly known as the Union Flag or, popularly, Union Jack (although officially this title should only be given to the flag when it is flown... For other uses, see Crux (disambiguation). ...


The flag proportion is 1:2 and the colours are Red (Pantone 186), Blue (Pantone 280) and White. Proportion and colours are identical to the Union Flag. For the record label, see Pantone Music. ... Flag Ratio: 1:2 The Union Flag (also known as the Union Jack and Butchers Apron) is the national flag of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. ...

Contents

History

Flag of the United Tribes

A proposed flag that was not adopted by Māori, due to its inclusion of the Union Jack and lack of the colour red
A proposed flag that was not adopted by Māori, due to its inclusion of the Union Jack and lack of the colour red
The Flag of the United Tribes of New Zealand.
The Flag of the United Tribes of New Zealand.
The first flag of New Zealand based on the blue ensign

The need for a flag of New Zealand first became clear when the trading ship Sir George Murray, built in the Hokianga, was seized by the Customs officials in the port of Sydney. The ship had been sailing without—a flag a violation of British navigation laws. New Zealand-built ships could not fly under a British flag due to New Zealand's colonial status. Among the passengers of ship were two high-ranking Māori chiefs, believed to be Patuone and Taonui. The ship's detainment therefore was reported as arousing indignation among the Māori population. Unless a flag was selected, ships would continue to be seized.[1] Image File history File links Nz_flag_proposed_1834. ... Image File history File links Nz_flag_proposed_1834. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Tribes_of_New_Zealand. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Tribes_of_New_Zealand. ... Image File history File links Nzflag_nz. ... Image File history File links Nzflag_nz. ... Cargo ship or freighter is any sort of ship that carries goods and materials from one port to another. ... The Hokianga Harbour, also known as The Hokianga River or more frequently simply as The Hokianga is a long estuarial drowned valley and its surrounding area on the west coast in the north of the North Island of New Zealand. ... Customs is an authority or agency in a country responsible for collecting customs duties and for controlling the flow of animals and goods (including personal effects and hazardous items) in and out of a country. ... The Sydney Opera House on Sydney Harbour Sydney (pronounced ) is the most populous city in Australia, with a metropolitan area population of approximately 4. ... Flag Ratio: 1:2 Flag Ratio: 3:5 The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland uses as its national flag the Royal Banner commonly known as the Union Flag or, popularly, Union Jack (although officially this title should only be given to the flag when it is flown... This article is about the Māori people of New Zealand. ...


The first flag of New Zealand was adopted on 9 March 1834 by a vote made by the United Tribes of New Zealand, a meeting of Māori chiefs, who later made the Declaration of Independence of New Zealand, at Waitangi in 1835. Three flags were proposed, all purportedly designed by the missionary Henry Williams, who was to play a major role in the translation of the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840. The Chiefs rejected two other proposals which included the Union Flag, in favour of a modified St George's Cross or the White Ensign. This flag became known as the flag of the United Tribes of New Zealand. The need for a flag was pressing, in part due to a number of New Zealand built ships being impounded in Sydney for not flying a national flag, and as a symbol of the independence declared by the Māori chiefs. is the 68th day of the year (69th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1834 (MDCCCXXXIV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Flag of the United Tribes of New Zealand, New Zealands first flag, selected in 1834 The United Tribes of New Zealand was a loose confederation of Māori tribes based in the north of the North Island. ... This article is about the Māori people of New Zealand. ... A Declaration of the Independence of New Zealand was the title of a declaration of independence of the United Tribes of New Zealand, drafted by the official British Resident of New Zealand, James Busby, and signed by himself and 35 Maori chiefs at Waitangi on October 28, 1835. ... Waitangi is the name of two tiny but important settlements in New Zealand. ... Holy Trinity Church at Pakaraka. ... St Georges cross The St Georges Cross is a red cross on a white background. ... The White Ensign. ...


The flag is still flown on the flag pole at Waitangi, and can be seen at Waitangi Day. Waitangi Day is the national day of New Zealand. ...


Union Flag

After the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi, the British Union Flag was used, although the former United Tribes flag was still used by a number of ships from New Zealand and in many cases on land. The New Zealand Company settlement at Wellington, for example, continued to use the United Tribes flag until ordered to replace it by Governor William Hobson in 1841. One of the few extant copies of the Treaty of Waitangi The Treaty of Waitangi (Māori: Tiriti o Waitangi) is a treaty signed on February 6, 1840 by representatives of the British Crown, and Māori chiefs from the North Island of New Zealand. ... Flag Ratio: 1:2 The Union Flag (also known as the Union Jack and Butchers Apron) is the national flag of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. ... The New Zealand Company formed in 1839 to promote the colonisation of New Zealand. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Wellington Region. ... William Hobson (September 26, 1792 - September 10, 1842), was the first Governor of New Zealand and co-author of the Treaty of Waitangi. ...


Flags based on defaced Blue ensign

The first flag of New Zealand to be based on the British blue ensign was introduced in 1867 following the Colonial Navy Defence Act 1865, which required all ships owned by colonial governments fly the defaced Royal Navy blue ensign with a Colonial badge. New Zealand did not have a Colonial badge, or indeed a Coat of Arms of its own at this stage, and so the letters "NZ" were simply added to the blue ensign. The modern Blue Ensign of the United Kingdom The British Blue Ensign (1707–1801) English Blue Ensign as it appeared in the seventeenth century. ... The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the oldest of the British armed services (and is therefore the Senior Service). ... The modern Blue Ensign of the United Kingdom The British Blue Ensign (1707–1801) English Blue Ensign as it appeared in the seventeenth century. ...


The current flag was introduced in 1869. It was initially used only on government ships, but was adopted as the de facto national flag in a surge of patriotism arising from the Second Boer War in 1902. To end confusion between various designs of the flag, the Liberal Government passed the Ensign and Code Signals Bill, which was approved by King Edward VII on 24 March 1902, declaring the flag as New Zealand's national flag. The United Tribes flag design also features on the back of the Second Boer War medals presented to soldiers who served in the war,[2] which indicates that the United Tribes flag was used widely in New Zealand until around this time. Combatants British Empire Orange Free State South African Republic Commanders Sir Redvers Buller Lord Kitchener Lord Roberts Paul Kruger Louis Botha Koos de la Rey Martinus Steyn Christiaan de Wet Casualties 6,000 - 7,000 (A further ~14,000 from disease) 6,000 - 8,000 (Unknown number from disease) Civilians... The First Liberal Government of New Zealand was the first responsible government in New Zealand politics organised along party lines. ... Edward VII King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Emperor of India His Majesty King Edward VII (9 November 1841–6 May 1910) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, King of the Commonwealth realms, and the Emperor of India. ... is the 83rd day of the year (84th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


Legislation

The national flag is officially defined in the Flags, Emblems, and Names Protection Act 1981. Section 5(2) declares it to be "the symbol of the Realm, Government, and people of New Zealand." [1]


Entrenchment proposal

In 1995, following statements by Jim Bolger supporting moves towards a New Zealand republic, Christian Democrat MP Graeme Lee introduced the Flags, Anthems, Emblems, and Names Protection Amendment Bill to protect New Zealand's flag and national anthems. If passed, the Bill would have entrenched the Act governing the flag and added New Zealand's anthems, requiring a majority of 65 percent of votes in Parliament if legislation sought to change the flag. The Bill passed its first reading but was defeated at its second reading, 26 votes to 37. The Right Honourable James Brendan Jim Bolger, ONZ, (born 31 May 1935) was Prime Minister of New Zealand from 1990 to 1997. ... Republicanism in New Zealand is a movement to change the countrys current status as a Commonwealth realm and constitutional monarchy to that of a Commonwealth republic. ... The Christian Democrat Party of New Zealand was a Christian political party established in 1995. ... Graeme Lee is a former New Zealand politician. ...

A large national flag flies over Auckland International Airport.
A large national flag flies over Auckland International Airport.

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2304x1728, 1696 KB) Summary The large New Zealand flag flying over Auckland International Airport, photographed by DONeil. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2304x1728, 1696 KB) Summary The large New Zealand flag flying over Auckland International Airport, photographed by DONeil. ... Auckland International Airport (IATA: AKL, ICAO: NZAA) is the largest and busiest international airport in New Zealand serving over 12 million passengers a year, which is expected to more than double in less than 15 years. ...

Flag debate

For several years a number of people have been proposing designs for an alternative flag for New Zealand. In November 1979 the Minister of Internal Affairs, Allan Highet suggested that the design of the flag should be changed, and sought an artist to design a new flag with a silver fern on the fly. The proposal attracted little support however.[3]In 1998 National Prime Minister Jenny Shipley backed Cultural Affairs Minister Marie Hasler's call for the flag to be changed. Shipley, along with the New Zealand Tourism Board, backed the quasi-national Silver fern flag, using a white Silver Fern on a black background as a possible alternative flag, along the lines of the Canadian Maple Leaf Flag. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Jenny Shipley, DCNZM, (b. ... Marie Bernadine Hasler is a former New Zealand politician. ... The Silver fern flag is often flown next to the current flag of New Zealand The Silver fern flag is sometimes seen as an unofficial flag of New Zealand, in several variants. ... Headline text {{Taxobox | color = lightgreen | name = Silver Fern | status = Conservation status: Secure | image = Silver Fern. ... Flag Ratio: 1:2 (1965-Present) The National Flag of Canada (), popularly known as the Maple Leaf Flag (French: lUnifoli the one-leaved), is a base red flag with a white square in its centre, featuring a red stylized 11-pointed maple leaf. ...


In 2003, the NZ Flag.com Trust was founded with the aim of bringing about a non-binding referendum on the subject. Under New Zealand law, a referendum may be held on any issue if 10% of electors sign a petition which is presented to Parliament. The Trust launched their petition for such a referendum in 2005. The NZ Flag. ... Referendums (or referenda) are held only occasionally by the government of New Zealand. ... The New Zealand Parliament is the legislative body of the New Zealand government. ...


In response to the petition, the New Zealand Flag Institute was founded to oppose the referendum campaign and promote the current flag, as well as to offer a more scholarly view of the Flag. Surprisingly, the Royal New Zealand Returned Services' Association (the RSA), the New Zealand organisation for war veterans, did not openly back the current flag at its annual conference, calling instead for "...politics to be kept out of the debate". This attitude was however criticised by individual branches of the RSA, who support the current flag. The New Zealand Flag Institute was established in 2005. ... The Royal New Zealand Returned and Services Association Inc, often referred to as the Returned Services Association, RSA or the RNZRSA, is a voluntary ex-service organisation, dedicated to the welfare of veterans. ...

The Silver fern flag promoted by the NZ Flag.com Trust as a new flag of New Zealand.
The Silver fern flag is sometimes flown next to the current flag of New Zealand.
The Silver fern flag is sometimes flown next to the current flag of New Zealand.

The petition failed to attract enough signatures (around 100,000 people signed the petition) in time for the 2005 general election in September and was withdrawn in July. The NZ Flag.com Trust cited public apathy to change as the main reason for withdrawing the petition. The New Zealand Flag Institute ascribed the failure of the campaign to public support for the New Zealand Flag. Image File history File links Silver_fern. ... Image File history File links Silver_fern. ... The Silver fern flag is often flown next to the current flag of New Zealand The Silver fern flag is sometimes seen as an unofficial flag of New Zealand, in several variants. ... The NZ Flag. ... Image File history File links Laffare1. ... Image File history File links Laffare1. ... The 2005 New Zealand general election will be a nation-wide election for the New Zealand Parliament, and is to be held on 17 September 2005. ... The New Zealand Flag Institute was established in 2005. ...


Arguments for change

Proponents for change argue that the current flag:

  • Is very similar to and is sometimes confused with the Australian flag;
  • As a defaced Blue Ensign, it alludes to New Zealand being a colony or sub-part of the United Kingdom;
  • Ignores New Zealand's Māori heritage and other ethnic groups;
  • Does not evoke emotional feelings and is rarely flown by New Zealanders;
  • Has little connection with the land;
  • Has in recent years been appropriated by ultra-nationalist groups such as the National Front. [2] [3]

National flag and state ensign. ... The modern Blue Ensign of the United Kingdom The British Blue Ensign (1707–1801) English Blue Ensign as it appeared in the seventeenth century. ... This article is about the Māori people of New Zealand. ... The current National Front logo is the same as the British National Fronts logo from the early 1970s. ...

Arguments against change

Opponents to change argue that the current flag:

  • Was chosen by New Zealanders;
  • Does evoke emotional response in them;
  • Represents the history of the country as a part of the British Empire and location in the southern hemisphere;
  • Is a colourful design;
  • Is the flag New Zealanders have fought and died for, and changing it would be greatly offensive to New Zealand's war veterans;
  • Has represented the country for over 104 years.

Some also claim that it is not as similar to the Australian flag as is often suggested, and that many countries have flags that are very similar — or even identical — to the flags of other countries. They also criticise the proposed alternatives, saying they focus on Māori and Pacific designs when most of New Zealand's heritage is Anglo-Saxon and Celtic, or the Silver Fern which they say is the logo of some of New Zealand's sporting teams rather than the country itself. In response, supporters of the Silver fern point out that the leaf itself has been used as a symbol of New Zealand since at least the Boer war (when it featured on military insignia[4]) and is already a national emblem, being used for various official symbols, including the Coat of arms of New Zealand and the New Zealand One Dollar coin. The British Empire in 1897, marked in pink, the traditional colour for Imperial British dominions on maps. ... southern hemisphere highlighted in yellow (Antarctica not depicted). ... National flag and state ensign. ... This article is about the Māori people of New Zealand. ... For other meanings of Pacific, see Pacific (disambiguation). ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Headline text {{Taxobox | color = lightgreen | name = Silver Fern | status = Conservation status: Secure | image = Silver Fern. ... To the right is the Coat of Arms of New Zealand. ... ISO 4217 Code NZD User(s) New Zealand, Cook Islands, Niue, Pitcairn Islands, Tokelau Inflation 2. ...


Currently opinion polls indicate a majority in favour of retaining the present flag. There is no consensus among proponents of changing the flag as to which design should replace the flag, though this is not to say that there have been no well-known proposals for an alternative.


As in Australia, the flag debate has been separate from the republican debate - the Republican Movement of Aotearoa New Zealand states that "creating a republic does not require any change to the Treaty of Waitangi, flag or Commonwealth membership",[5] while NZFlag has stated that changing the flag "is not anti-royalist in any way".[6] Republicanism in New Zealand is a movement to change the countrys current status as a Commonwealth realm and constitutional monarchy to that of a Commonwealth republic. ... Logo of the Republican Movement The Republican Movement of Aotearoa New Zealand is a non-partisan organization formed in 1994 whose object is to support the creation of a republic in New Zealand. ... One of the few extant copies of the Treaty of Waitangi The Treaty of Waitangi (Māori: Tiriti o Waitangi) is a treaty signed on February 6, 1840 by representatives of the British Crown, and Māori chiefs from the North Island of New Zealand. ... The Commonwealth of Nations as of 2006 Headquarters Marlborough House, London, UK Official languages English Membership 53 sovereign states Leaders  -  Queen Elizabeth II  -  Secretary-General Don McKinnon (since 1 April 2000) Establishment  -  Balfour Declaration 18 November 1926   -  Statute of Westminster 11 December 1931   -  London Declaration 28 April 1949  Area  -  Total... The Silver fern flag promoted by the Trust as a new flag of New Zealand The NZ Flag. ...


However opinions as to the ideal alternative are varied, and proponents of changing the flag suggest they would rather leave the final decision on the future flag up to the New Zealand public.


Proposed alternative designs

Hundertwasser's flag
Hundertwasser's flag

A flag with a long history as an alternative New Zealand flag is Friedensreich Hundertwasser's Koru Flag, designed in 1983. This flag represents an uncurling fern frond in a stylised form of a traditional Māori carving pattern, the koru. This flag, which is frequently seen around the country, has a great deal of support, especially among alternative lifestylers and similar more liberal groups. Image File history File links Koru_flag. ... Image File history File links Koru_flag. ... Hundertwasser (left) 1965 in Hannover Hundertwasser 1998 in New Zealand Friedensreich Regentag Dunkelbunt Hundertwasser (born Friedrich Stowasser December 15, 1928 – February 19, 2000) was an Austrian painter and sculptor. ... The Koru Flag has been proposed as a secondary flag for New Zealand. ... The koru is the Maori name given to the newborn, unfurling fern frond and symbolises new life, growth, strength and peace. ...

Kyle Lockwood's flag
Kyle Lockwood's flag

A popular alternative to the current defaced Blue Ensign was designed by Kyle Lockwood (left). It won a Wellington newspaper flag competition in July 2004 and appeared on TV One in 2005 after winning a poll which included the present national flag. The fern represents the people of New Zealand and the stars represent the location of New Zealand. The blue colour represents the ocean, the red represents the Māori and also sacrifices during wartime, and white is a reference to the "Land of the Long White Cloud" (translated from the Māori "Aotearoa"). Image File history File links Kyle_Lockwood's_New_Zealand_Flag. ... Image File history File links Kyle_Lockwood's_New_Zealand_Flag. ... TV ONE is a free to air New Zealand television channel run by TVNZ. It is primarily targeted at a more mature audience, with a broad range of programming including ONE News and Current Affairs and ONE Sport. ...

James Dignan's flag

An earlier (2001) design which also gained a great deal of media publicity was that by James Dignan. This design was produced in newspapers around the country in 2002, at the time of the centenary of the current flag, and may have (at least unconsciously) been a trigger for Lockwood's design. This combines the red, white, and blue and Southern Cross of the current national flag (albeit a lighter blue) with the red, white, and black of the flag of Tino rangatiratanga, also incorporating the silver fern on black used to represent New Zealand in many overseas contexts. This combination both looked back to traditional links with the United Kingdom and also forward to New Zealand's current place as a Polynesian cultural centre. Image File history File links NZflag_proposal-dignan. ... Image File history File links NZflag_proposal-dignan. ... The most contentious phrase from the Treaty of Waitangi, tino rangatiratanga has become something of a rallying cry for proponents of Maori sovereignty. ...

Other flags

There is also a New Zealand red ensign which became the official flag for merchant vessels in 1901.[4] Previously a plain red ensign was used. The Red Ensign, as currently used by the United Kingdoms Merchant Navy The Red Ensign is a flag that originated in the early 1600s as an ensign flown by the Royal Navy. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Merchant Navy. ...

New Zealand's Red Ensign
New Zealand's Red Ensign
Example of a Red Ensign used by New Zealand Māori.
Example of a Red Ensign used by New Zealand Māori.

The red ensign may continue to be flown on land in Māori areas or during Māori events under the Flags, Emblems, and Names Protection Act 1981 in recognition of long held Māori preference for red flags. New Zealand law allows the defacement of the flag in accordance to Māori custom in which white capital letters identifying a particular family or Māori tribe are added. In the case of the flag on the left, TAKITIMU refers to a grouping of Māori tribes descended from the crew of the ancestral canoe of that name [5]. Note: This flag type serves as a guide to one concept for flags representing both the North and South Islands (see List of flags - Flags of New Zealand). Image File history File links Civil_Ensign_of_New_Zealand. ... Image File history File links Civil_Ensign_of_New_Zealand. ... Image File history File links NZ-Takitimu-Flag. ... Image File history File links NZ-Takitimu-Flag. ... This article is about the Māori people of New Zealand. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... North Island The North Island is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, the other being the South Island. ... The South Island The South Island is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand, the other being the more populous North Island. ... This is a redirect page for flag galleries. ...


Today, private and merchant craft can choose to fly the Flag of New Zealand (i.e., the blue ensign) or the Southern Cross red ensign.


The New Zealand flag is also used as a jack[7] by warships. A Maritime flag or Naval Jack is a national flag used exclusively on boats and other watercraft. ...

The Tino rangatiratanga flag.
The Tino rangatiratanga flag.

Since 1990, some Māori have been using the red ensign less in favour of a new flag which lacks colonial connotations. Chosen through a competition, the Māori flag uses black to represent Korekore or potentiality, white to represent the Ao marama or the physical world of light and understanding, red to represent whaiao or open daylight (representing the achievement of full potential and understanding), and the Koru, a spiral-like shape representing the unfolding of new life. The flag is generally called the Tino rangatiratanga flag. Image File history File links Flag_of_Maori. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Maori. ... The koru is the Maori name given to the newborn, unfurling fern frond and symbolises new life, growth, strength and peace. ... The most contentious phrase from the Treaty of Waitangi, tino rangatiratanga has become something of a rallying cry for proponents of Maori sovereignty. ...


The Māori flags Te Paerangi and Te Paekinga of the Māori King Movement, and Te Kooti's more elaborate battle flag all carried a 'triple star' which some have suggested represented the three main islands of Aotearoa or Tane's three baskets of knowledge. One of New Zealand's two national anthems, 'God Defend New Zealand', includes the line 'Guard Pacific's triple star' and there has been various speculation over the years as to whether this was a reference to the three islands, or perhaps to the Māori battle flag - the anthem's author, Thomas Bracken, being something of an Irish anti-colonial. Te Arikinui Dame Te Atairangikaahu. ... God Defend New Zealand is one of the national anthems of New Zealand, together with God Save the Queen. Although they both have equal status, only God Defend New Zealand is used, and most New Zealanders would be unaware that the country has two national anthems. ... Thomas Bracken (December 21, 1843 - February 16, 1898), born at Clones, County Monaghan, Ireland, was the noted late 19th century poet who wrote the New Zealand National Anthem and who was the first person to publish the phrase Gods Own Country. ...

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Flags of New Zealand

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

References

  1. ^ History of the New Zealand Flag: Flag of the United Tribes of New Zealand (1834-1840). Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 2007-2-16
  2. ^ Digger History: Medals of New Zealand
  3. ^ New Zealand - Proposals for a new flag. Flags of the World (29 September 2006). Retrieved on 2007-09-01.
  4. ^ Digger History: Badges of New Zealand
  5. ^ Republican Movement of Aotearoa New Zealand
  6. ^ New Zealand Flag Change Not Anti-Royalist
  7. ^ Barraclough, E. M. C.; Crampton, W.G. [1978]. Flags of the World. London: Frederick Warne, 211. ISBN 0-7232-2015-8. “The Naval Ensign, like that of Australia, was only recently adopted, New Zealand having previously used the British White Ensign, and the National Flag as a Jack…[Image of the flag, then a caption:] New Zealand: National Flag and Jack” 

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... February 16 is the 47th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Screenshot of the Flags of the World website Official flag Flags of the World (or FOTW) is the Internets largest website devoted to vexillology, containing comprehensive information about all kinds of flags. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also


The New Zealand Flag Institute was established in 2005. ... The current Australian flag The Australian flag debate is a low-key but persistent debate over whether the Australian flag should be changed in order to remove the Union Flag from the canton, often in connection with the issue of republicanism in Australia. ... 1957 version of the Canadian Red Ensign that had evolved as the de facto national flag until 1965. ... This is a list of flags used in New Zealand. ... The flag The (unofficial) flag of the Chatham Islands (Wharekauri in Maori; Rekohu in the indigenous language, Moriori). ...

This is a gallery of national flags of Oceania. ... Australasia Australasia is a term variably used to describe a region of Oceania: Australia, New Zealand, and neighbouring islands in the Pacific Ocean. ... Image File history File links Australia. ... Flag ratio: 1:2 The flag of Norfolk Island was adopted on October 21, 1980. ... Flag Ratio: 1:2 History The flag of Christmas Island was unofficially adopted in 1986 after being chosen the winner in a competition for a flag for the territory. ... Unofficial Flag Official Flag The flag of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands is unofficial. ... Map showing Melanesia. ... Copyright 2004 Affordable Solutions Pty Ltd Aust. ... Flag ratio: 1:2 The flag of East Timor was adopted in 2002. ... The only flag in official use in New Caledonia, an overseas territory of France, is the French tricolour. ... Flag ratio: 1:2 This is the national flag of the Solomon Islands. ... Image File history File links Micronesia. ... ratio: 10:19 The flag of the Marshall Islands, an island nation in the Pacific, was adopted upon the start of self-governance, May 1, 1979. ... Flag of the Northern Marianas Islands The flag of the Northern Mariana Islands was adopted on July 4, 1976. ... Flag ratio: 10:19 The flag of the Federated States of Micronesia was adopted on November 10, 1979. ... Carving from the ridgepole of a Māori house, ca 1840 Polynesia (from Greek: πολύς many, νῆσος island) is a large grouping of over 1,000 islands scattered over the central and southern Pacific Ocean. ... Image File history File links Polynesia. ... Flag Ratio: 1:2 The national flag of American Samoa was adopted on April 24, 1960. ... Flag ratio: 1:2 The Flag of the Cook Islands is based on the traditional design for former British colonies in the Pacific region. ... Flag ratio: 2:3 The flag of French Polynesia was adopted in 1984. ... Standard design. ... A transcontinental country is a country belonging to more than one continent. ...

External links


 
 

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