FACTOID # 15: A mere 0.8% of West Virginians were born in a foreign country.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Flag of Europe
Flag of Europe
Flag of Europe
Use Civil and state flag and ensign.
Proportion 2:3
Adopted December 8, 1955 (CoE)
May 26, 1986 (EU)
Design A circle of 12 5-pointed gold stars on a blue field.
Designed by Arsène Heitz

The Flag of Europe consists of a circle of twelve golden (yellow) stars on a blue background. It is most commonly associated with the European Union (EU), formerly the European Communities, which adopted the flag in the 1980s. However it was first adopted by the Council of Europe (CoE), which created it in 1955. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The design and description of flags typically uses specialised flag terminology with precise and technical meanings, and is hence a form of jargon. ... It has been suggested that the section intro from the article Civil flag be merged into this article or section. ... Ensign of the Imperial Japanese Navy. ... Image File history File links FIAV_110110. ... is the 342nd day of the year (343rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... Anthem Ode to Joy (orchestral)  ten founding members joined subsequently observer at the Parliamentary Assembly observer at the Committee of Ministers  official candidate Seat Strasbourg, France Membership 47 European states 5 observers (Council) 3 observers (Assembly) Leaders  -  Secretary General Terry Davis  -  President of the Parliamentary Assembly Rene van der Linden... is the 146th day of the year (147th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... The European Community (EC), most important of three European Communities, was originally founded on March 25, 1957 by the signing of the Treaty of Rome under the name of European Economic Community. ... Anthem Ode to Joy (orchestral)  ten founding members joined subsequently observer at the Parliamentary Assembly observer at the Committee of Ministers  official candidate Seat Strasbourg, France Membership 47 European states 5 observers (Council) 3 observers (Assembly) Leaders  -  Secretary General Terry Davis  -  President of the Parliamentary Assembly Rene van der Linden...


The EU and CoE are separate organisations; while the EU has 27 members, the CoE has 47 members and 5 observers comprising not only all 27 EU members but also nearly all European countries except Belarus, Kazakhstan and the Vatican City. When adopted by the CoE, it was to represent not just itself, but the whole of Europe. Since both the EU and the CoE work for European integration, the two organisations are using the same flag. European integration is the process of political and economic (and in some cases social and cultural) integration of European states into a tighter bloc. ...

Contents

History and usage

Previous flags

Flag of the defunct ECSC
Design used in the past, but now abandonedFlag of the defunct ECSC

Although there have been numerous other flags developed by groups to represent Europe, the first major organisation to adopt one was the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC). The ECSC which later merged into the European Communities. The ECSC was created in 1952 and the flag was unveiled in 1958 Expo in Brussels.[1] Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links FIAV_historical. ... Members of the European Coal and Steel Community Flag of the European Coal and Steel Community The European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) was founded in 1951 (Treaty of Paris), by France, West Germany, Italy, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands to pool the steel and coal resources of its member... The European Community (EC), most important of three European Communities, was originally founded on March 25, 1957 by the signing of the Treaty of Rome under the name of European Economic Community. ... The Atomium. ...


The flag was two stripes, blue at the top, black at the bottom with 6 stars, 3 on each stripe. Blue was for steel, black for coal and the six stars were the six member-states. When the ECSC treaty expired in 2002, the flag was lowered in Brussels for the final time and replaced with the European flag.[1] The European Parliament also adopted its own flag. It followed the yellow and blue colour scheme however instead of 12 stars there were the letters EP and PE surrounded by wreath.[2]


Council of Europe

The flag was first adopted in 1955
Design is an acceptable variantThe CoE now also uses a variant as its logo

The current European flag was originally adopted by the Council of Europe on December 8, 1955, from one of many designs attributed to Arsène Heitz.[3] On 25 October 1955 the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE) made the unanimous decision to adopt a circle of gold stars on a blue background as an emblem. On 8 December 1955 the Committee of Ministers adopted this as the European flag.[4] Even though the flag is most used by the EU, the Council of Europe owns the intellectual property of the flag. This means that the Secretary General of the Council of Europe could, in theory, bar the European Union from using the European flag.[citation needed] Image File history File linksMetadata European_flag_in_the_wind. ... Image File history File linksMetadata European_flag_in_the_wind. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Anthem Ode to Joy (orchestral)  ten founding members joined subsequently observer at the Parliamentary Assembly observer at the Committee of Ministers  official candidate Seat Strasbourg, France Membership 47 European states 5 observers (Council) 3 observers (Assembly) Leaders  -  Secretary General Terry Davis  -  President of the Parliamentary Assembly Rene van der Linden... is the 342nd day of the year (343rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... The Palace of Europe in Strasbourg The Council of Europe is an international organisation of 46 member states in the European region. ... is the 342nd day of the year (343rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... This may also refer to Russian Council of Ministers. ... For the 2006 film, see Intellectual Property (film). ... Secretaries General of the Council of Europe: Terry Davis of the United Kingdom, in office since 1 September 2004 Walter Schwimmer of Austria, 1 September 1999 to 31 August 2004 Daniel Tarschys of Sweden, 1 June 1994 to 1 September 1999 Catherine Lalumière of France, 1 June 1989 to...


The Council of Europe from the beginning desired it to be used by other regional organisations seeking European integration. However the Council now uses a defaced version of the flag as its emblem: it is the existing design with a stylised "e" over the stars (covering one, reducing the number to 11)[4] A derivative flag is also used by the Western European Union (WEU), a separate military alliance. Its flag is similar but has ten stars with the circle broken at the top. Inside were the letters WEU horizontally and UEO vertically, sharing the E in the centre.[5]  â€¢  â€¢  â€¢ Membership 10 member states 6 associate member states 5 observer countries 7 associate partner countries Establishment Treaty of Brussels  -  Signed 17 March 1948  The Western European Union (WEU) is a partially dormant European defence and security organization, established on the basis of the Treaty of Brussels of 1948 with the...


European Union

The EC adopted the flag in 1986

On 11 April 1983 the European Parliament became the first institution to adopt the flag, followed later by the European Community (EC) as a while on May 26, 1986. The European Union, which was established by the Maastricht Treaty in 1992 to replace the EC and encompass its functions, also adopted the flag. Since then the use of the flag has been controlled jointly by the Council of Europe and the European Union.[citation needed] The European Union also has a flag day, known as Europe Day on which the flag is often flow across the Union.[6][7] Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 600 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2244 × 2244 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 600 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2244 × 2244 pixel, file size: 1. ... is the 101st day of the year (102nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ... Established 1952, as the Common Assembly President Hans-Gert Pöttering (EPP) Since 16 January 2007 Vice-Presidents 14 Rodi Kratsa-Tsagaropoulou (EPP) Alejo Vidal-Quadras (EPP) Gérard Onesta (Greens – EFA) Edward McMillan-Scott (ED) Mario Mauro (EPP) Miguel Angel Martínez Martínez (PES) Luigi Cocilovo (ALDE) Mechtild... The European Community (EC) was originally founded on March 25, 1957 by the signing of the Treaty of Rome under the name of European Economic Community. ... is the 146th day of the year (147th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... The Maastricht Treaty (formally, the Treaty of European Union, TEU) was signed on February 7, 1992 in Maastricht, Netherlands after final negotiations in December 1991 between the members of the European Community and entered into force on November 1, 1993 during the Delors Commission. ... The Council of Europe (COE) has developed a series of European symbols for the continent of Europe, and these have since been shared with the European Union (EU). ...


The flag was to have been given a formal status in the European Constitution. However since the ratification of that failed, the leaders removed the state-like elements such as the flag from the replacement Reform Treaty. The European Parliament however had supported the inclusion of symbols and in response backed a proposal to use the symbols such as the flag more often in the Parliament with Jo Leinen MEP suggesting that the Parliament should again take the avant-garde in their use.[8] The Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe, commonly referred to as the European Constitution, is an international treaty intended to create a constitution for the European Union. ... The Reform Treaty (also referred to as; future institutional settlement or new legal basis, among others) is a proposed replacement for the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe (European Constitution). ... Jo Leinen (born April 6, 1948 in Bisten) is a German Member of the European Parliament. ... A work similar to Marcel Duchamps Fountain Avant garde (written avant-garde) is a French phrase, one of many French phrases used by English speakers. ...


While all other institutions and agencies adopted their own emblem, the European Commission, the Union's executive, only uses the flag to represent itself.[9] As part of the EU's usage, the flag appears on driving licences and licence plates issued in the bloc[10] as well as on the euro's banknotes and coins.[11] There are currently five institutions of the European Union which govern the Union. ... The agencies of the European Union (or decentralised bodies of the European Union) are bodies which are distinct from the European Unions institutions, in that they have not been created by the treaties but rather by acts of secondary legislation, in order to accomplish a very specific task. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into articles entitled Europe Day and In varietate concordia, accessible from a disambiguation page. ... Berlaymont, the Commissions seat The European Commission (formally the Commission of the European Communities) is the executive branch of the European Union. ... For other uses, see Euro (disambiguation). ...


The flag must also be used in every official speech made by the President-in-Office of the European Council and is often used on official visits to a non-EU country (where there is the flag of the third country, the national flag and European flag appear together). Some members also have their own rules regarding the use of the flag along side their national flag on domestic occasions. Outside official use, the flag may not be used for aims incompatible with European values.[10] The European Council (informally, a European summit) is a meeting of the heads of state or government of the European Union, together with the President of the European Commission. ...


Wider use

The use of the flag by 'Team Europe' in the Ryder Cup Golf Tournament is an example of utilising not related to the Union
The use of the flag by 'Team Europe' in the Ryder Cup Golf Tournament is an example of utilising not related to the Union

The flag has been intended to represent Europe in its wider sense.[4] The Council of Europe covers all but three European countries, thereby representing much of Europe. In particular the flag has become a banner for pro-Europeanism outside the Union, for example in Georgia where the flag is on most government buildings since Mikhail Saakashvili came to power[12] who used it during his inauguration[13] stating: "[the European] flag is Georgia’s flag as well, as far as it embodies our civilisation, our culture, the essence of our history and perspective, and our vision for the future of Georgia."[14] Image File history File linksMetadata Europe_wins. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Europe_wins. ... The Ryder Cup is a golf trophy contested biennially in an event called the Ryder Cup Matches by teams from Europe and the United States. ... Mikhail Saakashvili briefing the press at UN headquarters Mikhail Saakashvili (Georgian: მიხეილ სააკაშვილი) (born December 21, 1967, in Tbilisi) is a Georgian jurist and politician and the current President of Georgia. ...


It is also used as a pro-democracy emblem in countries such as Belarus where it has been used on protest marches alongside the banned former national flag and flags of opposition movements.[15][16] The current national flag of Belarus was formally changed on June 7, 1995, following the result of a referendum voted on by the Belarusian people in the previous month. ... Zubr (Belarusian: ЗУБР) is a civic youth organization in Belarus in opposition to President Aleksandr Lukashenko. ...

Logos of many Pan-European organisations are arguably inspired by the colous and stars of the flag (here respectively the EBU and Champions League) Logos of many Pan-European organisations are arguably inspired by the colous and stars of the flag (here respectively the EBU and Champions League)
Logos of many Pan-European organisations are arguably inspired by the colous and stars of the flag (here respectively the EBU and Champions League)


The flag is also used in certain sports arrangements where a unified 'Team Europe' is represented. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links UEFA_Champions_League_logo_2. ... “EBU” redirects here. ... The UEFA Champions League (also known as the European Cup, UCL, CE1, C1[1] or CL) is a seasonal club football competition organized by the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) since 1955 for the most successful football clubs in Europe. ... Designate the unified team of the European Union in several sports competitions. ...


The features of the flag, or the flag in its entirety are often used as a parts of commercial brands or clearly reflected in the shaping of logos of Europe-wide organisations and companies.




Design

The flag is blue with a circle of 12 gold/yellow five-pointed stars orientated upwards (the number of stars is fixed). The Heraldic description given by the EU is: "On an azure field a circle of twelve golden mullets, their points not touching."[17] Heraldry is the science and art of describing of coats-of-arms, also referred to as achievements or armorial bearings. ...


The Council of Europe described the flag as: "Against the blue sky of the Western world, the stars represent the peoples of Europe in a circle, a symbol of unity. Their number shall be invariably set at twelve, the symbol of completeness and perfection ... just like the twelve signs of the zodiac represent the whole universe, the twelve gold stars stand for all peoples of Europe – including those who cannot as yet take part in building up Europe in unity and peace." The Disney Channel Circle of Stars, named after their first single The Circle of Life is a collection of the most popular teens on Disney Channel. ...


Colours

Proportions
Proportions
Blue Gold
RGB 0/51/153 255/204/0
Hexadecimal 003399 FFCC00
Pantone Reflex Blue Yellow
CMYK 100% Process Cyan, 80% Process Magenta 100% Process Yellow

Some claim that there was an early design of white stars on a light blue field, symbolising the dependence on the United Nations.[18] Image File history File links EU_Flag_specification. ... Image File history File links EU_Flag_specification. ... REDIRECT RGB color model ... In mathematics and computer science, hexadecimal, base-16, or simply hex, is a numeral system with a radix, or base, of 16, usually written using the symbols 0–9 and A–F, or a–f. ... For the record label, see Pantone Music. ... Cyan, magenta, yellow, and key (black) CMYK (or sometimes YMCK) is a subtractive color model used in color printing. ... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ...


Number of stars

Example of incorrect number of stars
Example of incorrect number of stars
Example of incorrect orientation of stars

The number of stars on the flag is fixed at 12 and is not related to the number of member states of the EU since it is originally the flag of the Council of Europe and does not have a relation with the EU. In 1953, the Council of Europe had 15 members; it was proposed that the future flag should have one star for each member, and would not change based on future members. West Germany objected to this as one of the members was the disputed area of Saarland, and to have its own star would imply sovereignty for the region. On this basis, France also objected to fourteen stars, as this would imply the absorption of Saarland into Germany. Myth has it that the Italian representative then objected that thirteen was an unlucky number (it is not unlucky in Italy, although seventeen is),[citation needed] as well as the fact that early flags of the United States featured that number of stars. Twelve was eventually adopted as a number with no political connotations and as a symbol of perfection and completeness[9] because of the ubiquity of the number for groups in European cultures and traditions such as: Image File history File links EUTooManyStars. ... Image File history File links EUTooManyStars. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (896x247, 31 KB) Summary Courtesy of User:68. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (896x247, 31 KB) Summary Courtesy of User:68. ... Anthem Ode to Joy (orchestral)  ten founding members joined subsequently observer at the Parliamentary Assembly observer at the Committee of Ministers  official candidate Seat Strasbourg, France Membership 47 European states 5 observers (Council) 3 observers (Assembly) Leaders  -  Secretary General Terry Davis  -  President of the Parliamentary Assembly Rene van der Linden... Location Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DEC Capital Saarbrücken Minister-President Peter Müller (CDU) Governing party CDU Votes in Bundesrat 3 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  2,569 km² (992 sq mi) Population 1,044,000 (11/2006)[1]  - Density 406 /km... “Sovereign” redirects here. ... 17 (seventeen) is the natural number following 16 and preceding 18. ... Union Jack. ... Look up twelve in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

Hours is the name of the critically acclaimed second album by Welsh rock group Funeral for a Friend. ... For other uses, see Clock (disambiguation). ... Look up Month in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A year (from Old English gÄ“r) is the time between two recurrences of an event related to the orbit of the Earth around the Sun. ... Chinese Celestial symbols on an antique bronze mirror Astronomical symbols are symbols used to represent various celestial objects, theoretical constructs and observational events in astronomy. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      For other... Jacob Wrestling with the Angel – Gustave Doré, 1855 Jacob or Yaakov, (Hebrew: יַעֲקֹב, Standard  Tiberian ; Arabic: يعقوب, ; holds the heel), also known as Israel (Hebrew: יִשְׂרָאֵל, Standard  Tiberian ; Arabic: اسرائيل, ; Struggled with God), is the third Biblical patriarch. ... Jacob Wrestling with the Angel – Gustave Doré, 1855 Jacob or Yaakov, (Hebrew: יַעֲקֹב, Standard  Tiberian ; Arabic: يعقوب, ; holds the heel), also known as Israel (Hebrew: יִשְׂרָאֵל, Standard  Tiberian ; Arabic: اسرائيل, ; Struggled with God), is the third Biblical patriarch. ... For other uses, see Christmas (disambiguation). ... The Twelve Caesars is a set of twelve biographies of Julius Caesar and the first 11 emperors of the Roman Empire. ... Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus ( 69/75 - after 130), also known as Suetonius, was a prominent Roman historian and biographer. ... Twelve Olympians, also known as the Dodekatheon (Greek: Δωδεκάθεον < δωδεκα, dodeka, twelve + θεον, theon, of the gods), in Greek religion, were the principal gods of the Greek pantheon, residing atop Mount Olympus. ... Hercules and the hydra by Antonio Pollaiuolo The Twelve Labours (Greek: dodekathlos) of Heracles (Latin: Hercules) are a series of archaic episodes connected by a later continuous narrative, concerning a penance carried out by Heracles, the greatest of the Greek heroes. ... For other uses, see Hercules (disambiguation). ... Ordinary Magistrates Extraordinary Magistrates Titles and Honors Emperor Politics and Law The Law of the Twelve Tables (Lex Duodecim Tabularum, more informally simply Duodecim Tabulae) was the ancient legislation that stood at the foundation of Roman law. ...

Biblical interpretation

Madonna in Glory (Carlo Dolci, c. 1670)
Madonna in Glory (Carlo Dolci, c. 1670)

The circle of stars bears a striking similarity to the twelve-star halo of the Virgin Mary seen in Roman Catholic art. The flag's designer, Arsène Heitz, has acknowledged that the Book of Revelation (which is where the twelve-star halo of the Virgin Mary was first mentioned) helped to inspire him.[3] Apocalypse, Chapter 12:1, is cited to explain the symbolism: "A great sign appeared in heaven, a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and on her head a crown of twelve stars". Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 520 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1803 × 2080 pixel, file size: 539 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Carlo Dolci, Italy, 1616-1686 Madonna in Glory, c. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 520 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1803 × 2080 pixel, file size: 539 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Carlo Dolci, Italy, 1616-1686 Madonna in Glory, c. ... Carlo Dolci (self portrait, 1674) Carlo (or Carlino) Dolci (May, 1616 _ January, 1686), Italian painter, was born in Florence. ... The Disney Channel Circle of Stars, named after their first single The Circle of Life is a collection of the most popular teens on Disney Channel. ... “Our Lady” redirects here. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Visions of John of Patmos, as depicted in the Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ...


Others have traced the origin of the flag of Europe to the time of the Second World War. Paul M. G. Lévy, a Belgian of Jewish descent, vowed that he if he should survive the war, he would convert to Christianity. He duly survived and became a Catholic. On May 5, 1949, the European Council was established in London and Paul Lévi became Chief of its Department of Culture. In 1952, when the idea of a European flag was being discussed, several proposed designs – perhaps inspired by the example several European national flags - included a cross; this however would have been rejected by the Socialists as ideologically biased and too Christian. One day Lévi passed a statue of the Virgin Mary with a halo of stars and was struck by the way the stars, reflecting the sun, glowed against the blue of the sky. Lévi later visited Count Benvenuti, a Venetian Christian democrat and then Secretary General of the European Council, and suggested that he should propose twelve golden stars on a blue ground as motif for the flag of Europe. This proposal became generally accepted.[19] Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: &#1497;&#1492;&#1493;&#1491;&#1497;) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is... // is the 125th day of the year (126th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article deals with the meeting of European Union leaders. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Year 1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


However, the official authorities of the European Union disregard the biblical interpretation as "myth".[20]


Alternative designs

Early proposals

Design was proposed in the past, but never officially adopted 4 early proposals

In addition to official flags such as the ECSC flag, there were a number of alternative proposals for the European flag. These included using the flag of the International Paneuropean Union, which was a blue, with a red cross inside an orange circle at the centre. Due to the cross symbolism, this was rejected by Turkey (an early member of the Council of Europe).[18] Another organisation's flag was the European Movement, which had a large green E on a white background.[21][22] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 206 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (500 × 1455 pixel, file size: 43 KB, MIME type: image/png) |subpage=Eu flag outlines |day=9 |month=April |year=2007 }} File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 206 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (500 × 1455 pixel, file size: 43 KB, MIME type: image/png) |subpage=Eu flag outlines |day=9 |month=April |year=2007 }} File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links FIAV_proposal. ... The International Paneuropean Union claims to be the oldest European unification movement and is also referred to as the Paneuropean Movement and the Pan Europa Movement. ... The European Movement is an international lobby association that coordinates the efforts of associations and private individuals desiring to work towards the construction of a united Europe. ...


A further design was one based on the Olympic rings; eight silver rings on a blue background. It was rejected due to the rings' similarity with "dial","chain" and "zeros". A proposal by Carl Weidl Raymon was of a large yellow star on a blue background. However it was rejected due to its similarity with the so-called Burnet flag, which had been briefly adopted in the 1830s by the Republic of Texas, and the flag of the Belgian Congo.[18] Among the recognizable Olympic symbols: The Olympic flag: A white flag with the Olympic Rings on it in five colours. ... // Electromagnetic induction discovered by Michael Faraday Evolutionary theorist Charles Darwins expedition on the HMS Beagle. ... Flag of Texas The flag of Texas is defined by law as follows: The flag is known as the Lone Star Flag (giving Texas its nickname of the Lone Star State). This flag was introduced to the Congress of the Republic of Texas on December 28, 1838, by Senator William... Flag ratio: 2:3, since 2006. ...


Recent designs

In 2002, Dutch architect Rem Koolhaas and his architecture firm OMA designed a new flag in response to Commission President Romano Prodi's request to find ways of rebranding the Union in a way that represents Europe's "diversity and unity". The proposed new design was dubbed the "barcode" as it displays the colours of every European flag (of the then 15 members) as vertical stripes. As well as the barcode comparison, it had been compared unfavourably to wallpaper, a TV test card and deckchair fabric. Unlike the current flag it would change to reflect the member states.[23] Seattle Central Library, designed by OMA Rem Koolhaas (born November 17, 1944 in Rotterdam, Netherlands) is a Dutch architect, former journalist and screenwriter who studied architecture at the Architectural Association School of Architecture in London. ... The Office for Metropolitan Architecture, in short OMA, is the Rotterdam based architecture firm of Dutch architect Rem Koolhaas. ... François-Xavier Ortoli, Romano Prodi, José Manuel Barroso and Jacques Delors The President of the European Commission is notionally the highest ranking unelected official within the European Union bureaucracy. ...   (born 9 August 1939) is an Italian politician. ... Test pattern A test card, also known as a test pattern in North America, is a television test signal, typically broadcast at times when the transmitter is active but no programme is being broadcast (often at startup and closedown). ... Deck chairs A deckchair [1][[2] is a folding chair with a fabric or vinyl back and seat. ...


It was never officially adopted by the EU or any organisation however it was used as the logo of the Austrian EU Presidency in 2006. It had been updated with the colours of the 10 members who had joined since the proposal and was designed by Koolhaas's firm. Its described aim is "to portray Europe as the common effort of different nations, with each retaining its own unique cultural identity".[24] Presidency of the Council of the European Union refers to the responsibility of presiding over all aspects of the Council of the European Union, when exercised collectively by a government, on a pre-established rota of the member states, of the European Union. ...


See also

Europe Portal

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into articles entitled Europe Day and In varietate concordia, accessible from a disambiguation page. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... The Disney Channel Circle of Stars, named after their first single The Circle of Life is a collection of the most popular teens on Disney Channel. ...

References

  1. ^ a b The European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC). Flags Of The World (2004-10-28). Retrieved on 2007-08-04.
  2. ^ European Parliament crwflags.com
  3. ^ a b The European Commission and religious values. The Economist (2004-10-28). Retrieved on 2007-08-04.
  4. ^ a b c Council of Europe's Emblems. Council of Europe. Retrieved on 2007-08-16.
  5. ^ Western European Union crwflags.com
  6. ^ Rasmussen, Rina Valeur. Celebration of Europe Day 9 May 2007 in Denmar. politeia. Retrieved on 2007-08-04.
  7. ^ Rasmussen, Rina Valeur (2007-09-05). London Eye lights up in colours of the European flag. Europa (web portal). Retrieved on 2007-08-04.
  8. ^ Beunderman, Mark (2007-07-11). MEPs defy member states on EU symbols. EU Observer. Retrieved on 2007-07-12.
  9. ^ a b The European Flag. Europa (web portal). Retrieved on 2007-08-04.
  10. ^ The euro. European Central Bank. Retrieved on 2007-08-04.
  11. ^ Comment - Georgia: Brussels on its mind. EU Observer. Retrieved on 2007-05-01.
  12. ^ Saakashvili Sworn In as New President. Templeton Thorp. Retrieved on 2007-08-04.
  13. ^ Georgia: Brussels on its mind. rferl.org (2007-05-02). Retrieved on 2007-08-25.
  14. ^ Belarus: Scores Arrested, Opposition Leader Hospitalized After Minsk Protests. rferl.org (2004-10-20). Retrieved on 2007-08-04.
  15. ^ Myers, Steven Lee (2006-03-20). Election is landslide for leader of Belarus. International Herald Tribune. Retrieved on 2007-08-25.
  16. ^ Graphical specifications for the European Emblem. Europa (web portal). Retrieved on 2007-08-04.
  17. ^ a b c Council of Europe fahnenversand.de
  18. ^ The Flag and State Encyclopaedia
  19. ^ European Union: Myths on the flag. Flags Of The World (2007-02-04). Retrieved on 2007-08-04.
  20. ^ European Movement crwflags.com
  21. ^ Proposals for the European flag crwflags.com
  22. ^ "Down with EU stars, run up stripes", BBC News, May 8, 2002. 
  23. ^ Austrian EU Presidency Logo

Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 216th day of the year (217th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Economist is a weekly news and international affairs publication owned by The Economist Newspaper Ltd and edited in London, UK. It has been in continuous publication since September 1843. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 216th day of the year (217th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Anthem Ode to Joy (orchestral)  ten founding members joined subsequently observer at the Parliamentary Assembly observer at the Committee of Ministers  official candidate Seat Strasbourg, France Membership 47 European states 5 observers (Council) 3 observers (Assembly) Leaders  -  Secretary General Terry Davis  -  President of the Parliamentary Assembly Rene van der Linden... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 216th day of the year (217th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Europa (sometimes written EUROPA), the official web portal of the European Union, is designed to improve the public’s interaction with the EU institutions by quickly directing website visitors to the services or information they are seeking. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 216th day of the year (217th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 192nd day of the year (193rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 193rd day of the year (194th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Europa (sometimes written EUROPA), the official web portal of the European Union, is designed to improve the public’s interaction with the EU institutions by quickly directing website visitors to the services or information they are seeking. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 216th day of the year (217th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 216th day of the year (217th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Headquarters Coordinates , , Established 1 January 1998 President Jean-Claude Trichet Central Bank of Austria, Belgium, France, Finland, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovenia, Spain Currency Euro ISO 4217 Code EUR Reserves €43bn directly, €338bn through the Eurosystem (including gold deposits). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 216th day of the year (217th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 216th day of the year (217th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... May 2 is the 122nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (123rd in leap years). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 237th day of the year (238th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 216th day of the year (217th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 79th day of the year (80th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The International Herald Tribune is a widely read English language international newspaper. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 237th day of the year (238th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Europa (sometimes written EUROPA), the official web portal of the European Union, is designed to improve the public’s interaction with the EU institutions by quickly directing website visitors to the services or information they are seeking. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 216th day of the year (217th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 216th day of the year (217th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Flag of the European Union
  • Council of Europe on the European Flag
  • Graphical specifications for the European Emblem
  • Flag of the European Union European Navigator
  • CIA page
  • European Union at Flags of the World
  • Memorandum on design and designer of European flag
  • World flag database

  Results from FactBites:
 
Flags of Europe - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3261 words)
The flag of Jersey, adopted in June 1979, is white with a diagonal red cross, surmounted by a yellow Plantagenet crown, the badge of Jersey (a red shield holding the three leopards of Normandy in yellow).
The flag of Iceland was adopted in June 1915 to represent Iceland as a territory of Denmark.
The flag of Norway is red with a blue Scandinavian cross outlined in white; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side in the style of the Dannebrog, the flag of Denmark.
flag of Council of Europe flags (1080 words)
Flag of Honour of the Council of Europe
The Flag of Honour of the Council of Europe is conferred on those municipalities or other local authorities which, in the Committee's opinion, deserve this distinction in recognition of their work in promoting the European idea.
The European Honour Flag is apparently the European Union flag although in at least one case (Opole, Poland) a special flag seems to have been designed combining the city's flag with the European Union's circle of stars.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m