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Encyclopedia > Flag of California
The modern Bear Flag of California
The modern Bear Flag of California

The flag of California was first flown during the Bear Flag Revolt as the flag of the California Republic, and a modified version was then adopted by the California state legislature in 1911 as the state flag. The flag of the U.S. state of California is often called the Bear Flag. Image File history File links Flag_of_California. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_California. ... A replica of the first Bear Flag now on display at El Presidio de Sonoma, or Sonoma Barracks, established in 1836 by Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo as a part of Mexicos strategy to halt Russian incursions into the region. ... A replica of the first Bear Flag now on display at El Presidio de Sonoma, or Sonoma Barracks, established in 1836 by Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo as a part of Mexicos strategy to halt Russian incursions into the region. ... Californias Capitol, where the State Legislature meets California State Assembly chamber California state Senate chamber The California Legislature is the legislative branch of the state government of California. ... The Dannebrog, national flag of Denmark. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Counties/Parishes/Boroughs, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ...


The modern state flag is white with a wide red strip along the bottom. There is a red star in the upper left corner and a grizzly bear facing left in the center, standing on a patch of green grass. The bear depicted is a California grizzly bear, a subspecies that is now extinct. The five-point star is a nod to the Republic of Texas, and the bear represents strength.[1] Red is any of a number of similar colors evoked by light consisting predominantly of the longest wavelengths of light discernible by the human eye, in the wavelength range of roughly 625–750 nm. ... Binomial name Ursus arctos Linnaeus, 1758 The Brown Bear (Ursus arctos) is a species of bear that can reach weights of 130-700 kg (300 to 1500 pounds). ... In biology and ecology, extinction is the ceasing of existence of a species or group of species. ... Capital Washington-on-the-Brazos, Harrisburg, Galveston, Velasco, Columbia (1836) Houston (1837–1839) Austin (1839–1845) Language(s) English (de facto) Spanish, French, German and Native American languages regionally Government Republic President1  - 1836-1838 Sam Houston  - 1838-1841 Mirabeau B. Lamar  - 1841-1844 Sam Houston  - 1844-1845 Anson Jones Vice...

Contents

Colors

The colors of the State Flag of California are specified in the following shades:

Color scheme Irish Green White Old Glory Red Maple Sugar Seal
Pantone[2] 348 Safe 200 729C 462C
Cable colors[3] 80120 80002 80108 80153 80192

For the record label, see Pantone Music. ...

Original Flag

According to the California Blue Book, "(t)he flag was designed by William Todd on a piece of new unbleached cotton. The star imitated the lone star of Texas. A grizzly bear represented the many bears seen in the state. The words ‘California Republic’ were placed beneath the star and bear." This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


The original bear was near the top, looked somewhat like a pig, and had no ground to stand on (see picture). This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ...

The original Bear Flag, photographed in 1890.
The original Bear Flag, photographed in 1890.

This photo is in the domain, and can be found on a number of websites. ... This photo is in the domain, and can be found on a number of websites. ...

History

The original Bear Flag was raised for the first time in Sonoma, California on June 14, 1846, by the "Bear Flaggers" led by William B. Ide who said he wished to "bring freedom to the Spaniards." He was made President of the short-lived California Republic. California had been under Mexican rule since Mexican independence in 1821 as the department of Alta California, and under the control of Spain for many years before that. Sonoma City Hall in the town plaza Sonoma is a historically significant town in Sonoma Valley, Sonoma County, California, USA. Sonoma is centered around its historic town plaza, a remnant of the towns Spanish colonial past. ... June 14 is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... William Brown Ide (b. ... A replica of the first Bear Flag now on display at El Presidio de Sonoma, or Sonoma Barracks, established in 1836 by Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo as a part of Mexicos strategy to halt Russian incursions into the region. ... The coronation banquet for George IV 1821 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Alta California (Upper California) was formed in 1804 when the province of California, then a part of the Spanish colony of New Spain, was divided in two along the line separating the Franciscan missions in the north from the Dominican missions in the south. ...


The original Bear Flag and the republic it symbolized had a brief career, from June 14 until July 9. On July 9, 1846 Commodore John Drake Sloat of the United States Navy's Pacific Squadron first raised the 28-star American flag at Monterey, the capital of Alta California, and claimed the territory for the United States. This revived the earliest claims on California by his namesake, Sir Francis Drake (in 1579), and made good American colonial claims on the lands from the Atlantic to the Pacific, "from sea to sea" in the 1600s. July 9 is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 175 days remaining. ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Commodore is a rank of the United States Navy with a somewhat complicated history. ... Commodore John D. Sloat John Drake Sloat (July 6, 1781 - November 28, 1867) was a commodore in the United States Navy, and in 1846 claimed California for the United States. ... The United States Navy, also known as the USN or the U.S. Navy, is a branch of the United States armed forces responsible for conducting naval operations. ... Nickname: The Cradle of History, Californias First City Location of Monterey, California County Monterey Government  - Mayor Chuck Della Sala Area    - City 30. ... Alta California (Upper California) was formed in 1804 when the province of California, then a part of the Spanish colony of New Spain, was divided in two along the line separating the Franciscan missions in the north from the Dominican missions in the south. ... Sir Francis Drake, Vice Admiral, (c. ... November 5, 1605 â€” The Gunpowder Plot to blow up the British Parliament. ...


Two days later Navy Lt. Joseph Warren Revere arrived in Sonoma and hauled down the Bear Flag, running up in its place the Stars and Stripes. Revere handed the Bear Flag to Midshipman John E. Montgomery, who, because the flag snagged a few times as it was lowered, would later write in a letter to his mother "Cuffy came down growling"—"Cuffy" being his nickname for the bear on the flag. Sonoma City Hall in the town plaza Sonoma is a historically significant town in Sonoma Valley, Sonoma County, California, USA. Sonoma is centered around its historic town plaza, a remnant of the towns Spanish colonial past. ... National flag and ensign. ...


The original Bear Flag was preserved in San Francisco until it was destroyed on April 18, 1906 in the fires that followed the great San Francisco earthquake. Today, a replica hangs on display in the Sonoma Barracks, or El Presidio de Sonoma. There is also a statue in the plaza of Sonoma, California depicting the raising of the flag. (A fictionalized version of this site was featured in the 2005 film The Legend of Zorro.) This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... April 18 is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The San Francisco earthquake of 1906 was a major earthquake at San Francisco, California on the early morning of Wednesday, April 18, 1906. ... This mission was established in 1836 by Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo (the Commanclate-General of the Northern Frontier of Alta California) as a part of Mexicos strategy to halt Russian incursions into the region. ... Plaza is a Spanish word related to field which describes an open urban public space, such as a city square. ... Sonoma City Hall in the town plaza Sonoma is a historically significant town in Sonoma Valley, Sonoma County, California, USA. Sonoma is centered around its historic town plaza, a remnant of the towns Spanish colonial past. ... The Legend of Zorro is a 2005 movie directed by New Zealander Martin Campbell. ...


Notes

  1. ^ History and Culture - State Insignia. California State Library. Retrieved on 2006-12-27.
  2. ^ http://www.calguard.ca.gov/cada/rm/Pubs/Ca_Pubs/Flags_Over_Ca.pdf
  3. ^ http://www.calguard.ca.gov/cada/rm/Pubs/Ca_Pubs/Flags_Over_Ca.pdf

For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... December 27 is the 361st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (362nd in leap years). ...

References

  • Smilie, Robert A. (1975). The Sonoma Mission, San Francisco Solano de Sonoma: The Founding, Ruin and Restoration of California's 21st Mission. Valley Publishers, Fresno, CA. ISBN 0-913548-24-3. 

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
California (U.S.) (1130 words)
Dimensions, excluding heading and unfinished flag ends: The hoist or flag width is two-thirds of the fly or flag length; the red stripe width is one-sixth of the hoist width.
This flag survives and is preserved in the library of the Southwest Museum in Pasadena, California.
The emblem on the governor's flag is a modified version of the design of the California State Seal (minus the wording around the rim), not of the governor's seal of office.
Flag of California - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (562 words)
The flag of California was first flown during the Bear Flag Revolt as the flag of the California Republic, and a modified version was then adopted by the California state legislature in 1911 as the state flag.
The modern state flag is white with a wide red strip along the bottom.
This revived the earliest claims on California by his namesake, Sir Francis Drake (in 1579), and made good American colonial claims on the lands from the Atlantic to the Pacific, "from sea to sea" in the 1600s.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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