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Encyclopedia > Flag of Australia
 National flag and state ensign. Flag ratio: 1:2
National flag and state ensign. Flag ratio: 1:2
The Australian Flag at full mast.
The Australian Flag at full mast.

The flag of Australia was chosen in 1901 from entries in a worldwide design competition held following Federation. It was approved by Australian and British authorities over the next few years, although the exact specifications of the flag were changed several times both intentionally and as a result of confusion. The current specifications were published in 1934, and in 1954 the flag became legally recognised as the "Australian National Flag". The flag is a defaced Blue Ensign: a blue field with the Union Flag in the canton (upper hoist quarter), and a large white seven-pointed star known as the Commonwealth Star in the lower hoist quarter. The fly contains a representation of the Southern Cross constellation, made up of five white stars – one small five-pointed star and four, larger, seven-pointed stars. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links FIAV_111010. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3072x2304, 1251 KB) Other versions Originally from en. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3072x2304, 1251 KB) Other versions Originally from en. ... The federation of Australia was the process by which the six separate British colonies of New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia formed a federation. ... For other uses, see Flag (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... RFA Brambleleaf flying the square Blue Jack based on the Blue Ensign The Blue Ensign is a flag, one of several British ensigns, used by certain organisations or territories associated with the United Kingdom. ... Union Jack redirects here. ... Commonwealth Star as the crest of Coat of Arms of Australia. ... The design and description of flags typically uses specialised flag terminology with precise and technical meanings, and is hence a form of jargon. ... CRUX is a lightweight, i686-optimized Linux distribution targeted at experienced Linux users. ...


In addition to the Blue Ensign there are several additional officially declared Australian flags, including the Aboriginal flag, the Torres Strait Islander flag, and the flags of the Defence Forces and merchant ships. The design of the Australian flag is the subject of debate within Australia, with some advocating its redesign in connection with the Australian republicanism and republican movement. This is a list of flags used in Australia: // Categories: | ... 2:3 The Australian Aboriginal flag The Australian Aboriginal flag was originally designed as a protest flag for the land rights movement of Indigenous Australians but has since become a symbol of the Aboriginal people of Australia. ... Torres Strait Islander Flag - Ratio: 2:3 The Torres Strait Islander flag is an official Flag of Australia, and is the flag that represents Torres Strait Islander people. ...


The official flag of Australia is defined in the Flags Act 1953. The Act became law on 14 February 1954 when Elizabeth II Queen of Australia gave Royal Assent in person. Section 3 of the Act specifies that the Blue Ensign is the "Australian National Flag".[1] The Act specifies the colours and construction details for this flag, and the Australian Red Ensign (also known as the Australian Merchant Flag).[2] The Flags Act 1953 was as act of the Parliament of Australia which was notable as it established the official Flag of Australia. ... is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1954 Gregorian calendar). ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... Judicial High Court Lower Courts Constitution State and territory governments Executive Governors and Administrators Premiers and Chief Ministers Legislative Parliaments and Assemblies State electoral systems ACT - NSW - NT - Qld. ... // The granting of Royal Assent is the formal method by which a constitutional monarch completes the legislative process of lawmaking by formally assenting to an Act of Parliament. ... Flag ratio: 1:2 The Australian Red Ensign resulted from the Commonwealth Government Federal Design Competition, which required an official flag and a merchant or shipping version of the same design. ...

Contents

Symbolism

The Australian flag uses three prominent symbols, the Union Flag (also known as the Union Jack), the Commonwealth Star and the Southern Cross. The Union Flag is commonly thought to reflect Australia's history as a collection of British colonies, although a more historic view sees its inclusion in the design as demonstrating loyalty to the British Empire.[3] The five white stars of the fly of the flag represent the Southern Cross. The Southern Cross (or Crux) is one of the most distinctive constellations visible in the Southern Hemisphere and has been used to represent Australia and New Zealand since the early days of British settlement. Each of these stars has seven points except for the smallest star, which has only five. Ivor Evans, one of the flag's designers, intended the Southern Cross to refer also to the four moral virtues ascribed to the four main stars by Dante: justice, prudence, temperance and fortitude. The large seven-pointed star below the Union Flag is the Commonwealth or Federation Star, which represents the federation of the colonies of Australia on 1 January 1901. There is one point for each of the six original states and one to symbolise the Commonwealth's internal and external territories. The Commonwealth Star does not have any relation to Beta Centauri, despite that star's coincidental location in the sky and its brightness. Union Jack redirects here. ... Commonwealth Star as the crest of Coat of Arms of Australia. ... Southern Cross is the English name of Crux Australis, a constellation visible in the Southern Hemisphere. ... For a comprehensive list of the territories that formed the British Empire, see Evolution of the British Empire. ... This article is about the star grouping. ... Dante redirects here. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Beta Centauri (β Cen / β Centauri), also known as Hadar or Agena, is the second brightest star in the constellation Centaurus and the eleventh brightest star in the nighttime sky. ...


The blue colour has been described as representing Australia as an island continent, as the blue sky, and as a remnant of the Eureka Flag, which also had a blue background.[4] The Eureka Flag The Eureka Flag was the battle flag used at the Eureka Stockade, a gold miners revolt in 1854 in Ballarat, Victoria, Australia. ...


Construction

Construction sheet for the Flag of Australia. The length of the Flag is twice the width.
Construction sheet for the Flag of Australia. The length of the Flag is twice the width.

Under the Flags Act, the Australian National Flag must meet the following specifications:[1] Image File history File links Flag_of_Australia_template. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Australia_template. ...

  1. the Union Jack occupying the upper quarter next the staff;
  2. a large white star (representing the 6 States of Australia and the Territories) in the centre of the lower quarter next the pye and pointing direct to the centre of St George's Cross in the Union Jack;
  3. 5 white stars (representing the Southern Cross) in the half of the flag further from the staff.

The location of the stars is as follows:

  • Commonwealth Star – 7 pointed star, centred in lower hoist.
  • Alpha Crucis – 7 pointed star, straight below centre fly 1/6 up from bottom edge.
  • Beta Crucis – 7 pointed star, 1/4 of the way left and 1/16 up from the centre fly.
  • Gamma Crucis – 7 pointed star, straight above centre fly 1/6 down from top edge.
  • Delta Crucis – 7 pointed star, 2/9 of the way right and 31/240 up from the centre fly.
  • Epsilon Crucis – 5 pointed star, 1/10 of the way right and 1/24 down from the centre fly.

The outer diameter of the Commonwealth Star is 3/10 of the flag's width, while that of the stars in the Southern Cross is 1/7 of the flag's width, except for Epsilon, for which the fraction is 1/12. Each star's inner diameter is 4/9 of the outer diameter. The flag's width is the measurement of the hoist edge of the flag (the distance from top to bottom). Acrux (α Crucis) is a star in the constellation Crux, the Southern Cross. ... Becrux, also called Mimosa, is a star approximately 353 light years from Earths Solar System. ... Gacrux (γ Cru / γ Crucis / Gamma Crucis) is the third brightest star in constellation Crux (the Southern Cross) and the one of the brightest stars in the nighttime sky. ... Decrux (δ Cru / δ Crucis / Delta Crucis) is a B2IV star in the constellation Crux. ... Delta Crucis (δ Cru / δ Crucis) is a B2IV star in the constellation Crux. ...


The colours of the flag, although not specified by the Flags Act, have been given Pantone specifications by the Awards and National Symbols Branch of the Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet.[5] The Australian Government's Style Manual for Authors, Editors and Printers also gives CMYK and RGB specifications for depicting the flag in print and on screen respectively.[6] For the record label, see Pantone Music. ... The Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet is an Australian Government department. ... Cyan, magenta, yellow, and key (black). ... RGB redirects here. ...

Scheme Blue Red White
Pantone 280 C 185 C Safe
RGB
(Hex)
0-0-139
(#00008B)
255-0-0
(#FF0000)
255-255-255
(#FFFFFF)
CMYK 100%-80%-0%-0% 0%-100%-100%-0% 0%-0%-0%-0%

For the record label, see Pantone Music. ... REDIRECT RGB color model ... Web colors are colors used in designing web pages, and the methods for describing and specifying those colors. ... Cyan, magenta, yellow, and key (black) CMYK (or sometimes YMCK) is a subtractive color model used in color printing. ...

History

Before 1901, Australia was a collection of distinct British colonies. The Union Flag, as the flag of the British Empire, was often used to represent them collectively; and each colony also had its flag based on the Union Flag. Two attempts were made throughout the nineteenth century to design a national flag. The first such attempt was the National Colonial Flag created in 1823–1824 (when New South Wales was still the only British colony in Australia), by Captain John Nicholson and Captain John Bingle. The flag never achieved public support. The most popular "national" flag of the period was the 1831 Federation Flag, also designed by Nicholson. The Federation Flag proved immensely popular, and was widely used on the east coast of Australia for over 70 years, particularly by the federation movement. These flags, and many others such as the Eureka Flag, which came into use at the Eureka Stockade in 1854, featured stars representing the Southern Cross. The oldest known flag to show the stars arranged as they are seen in the sky is the Anti-Transportation League Flag, which is similar in design to the present National Flag. The British Empire in 1897, marked in pink, the traditional colour for Imperial British dominions on maps. ... The National Colonial Flag for Australia (1823/24) was the forerunner of the many Australian flag designs which featured the Southern Cross and Union Flag in combination. ... NSW redirects here. ... The Australian Federation Flag, also known as the New South Wales Ensign, was the result of an 1830s attempt to create a flag to represent Australia as a nation. ... The Eureka Flag The Eureka Flag was the battle flag used at the Eureka Stockade, a gold miners revolt in 1854 in Ballarat, Victoria, Australia. ... The Eureka Flag The Eureka Stockade was a gold miners revolt in 1854 in Ballarat, Victoria, Australia, against the officials supervising the mining of gold in the region of Ballarat. ... Australian Anti-Transportation League Flag The Australian Anti-Transportation League Flag is a flag used historically by members of the Anti-Transportation League who opposed penal transportation to the British colonies which are now a part of Australia. ...

National Colonial Flag Australian Federation Flag Eureka Flag Anti-Transportation League Flag

As Federation approached, thoughts turned to an official federal flag. In 1900, the Melbourne Herald conducted a design competition in which entries were required to include the Union Jack and Southern Cross, resulting in a British Ensign-style flag. The competition conducted by the Review of Reviews for Australasia later that year thought such a restriction seemed unwise, despite observing that a design without these emblems "might have a small chance of success". After Federation on 1 January 1901, the new Commonwealth Government held an official competition for a new federal flag in April. The competition attracted over 32,000 entries (including many originally sent to the Review of Reviews), equivalent to around 1% of the Australian population at that time. The designs were judged on seven criteria: loyalty to the Empire, Federation, history, heraldry, distinctiveness, utility and cost of manufacture.[3] The majority of designs incorporated the Union Flag and the Southern Cross, but native animals were also popular. Five almost identical entries were chosen as the winning design, and their designers shared the 200 pounds prize money. They were Ivor Evans, a fourteen-year-old schoolboy from Melbourne; Leslie John Hawkins, a teenager apprenticed to an optician from Sydney; Egbert John Nuttall, an architect from Melbourne; Annie Dorrington, an artist from Perth; and William Stevens, a ship’s officer from Auckland, New Zealand. The five winners received 40 pounds each. Image File history File links Australian_Colonial_Flag. ... Image File history File links Australian_Federation_Flag. ... Image File history File links Eureka_Flag. ... Image File history File links AntiTransportation_League_Flag. ... The federation of Australia was the process by which the six separate British colonies of New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia formed a federation. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Commonwealth of Australia is a federative constitutional monarchy under a parliamentary democracy. ... The Australian pound was Australias currency from 1910 to 1966. ... This article is about the Australian city; the name may also refer to City of Melbourne or Melbourne city centre (also known as The CBD). ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... Location of Perth within Australia This article is about the metropolitan area of Perth, Western Australia. ... For other uses, see Auckland (disambiguation). ...


The flag's initial reception was mixed. The then republican[7] magazine The Bulletin labelled it, The Bulletin is an Australian weekly magazine, which has been published in Sydney since 1880. ...

a staled réchauffé of the British flag, with no artistic virtue, no national significance... Minds move slowly: and Australia is still Britain's little boy. What more natural than that he should accept his father's cut-down garments, – lacking the power to protest, and only dimly realising his will. That bastard flag is a true symbol of the bastard state of Australian opinion.[8]

Winning design As approved by King Edward VII

On 3 September 1901, the new Australian flag flew for the first time atop the Royal Exhibition Building in Melbourne. is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Royal Exhibition Building from the main avenue of the Carlton Gardens The Royal Exhibition Building, viewed from the west The Royal Exhibition Building is located in Melbourne, Australia. ...


A simplified version of the competition-winning design was officially approved as the Flag of Australia by King Edward VII in 1902.[9] The number of points on the stars of the Southern Cross on today's Australian flag differs from the original design in that the stars varied between five and nine, reflecting the relative brightness of each in the night sky. The British Admiralty, to increase ease of manufacture, standardised the Southern Cross by giving the four biggest stars seven points and five for the faintest Epsilon Crucis. The Commonwealth Star originally had only 6 points, representing the six federating colonies. However, this changed in 1908 when a seventh point was added to symbolise the Territory of Papua and any future territories. Around this time, the original design of the Southern Cross was also used again, and there was confusion on this issue until a complete specification for the current design was published in the Commonwealth Gazette in 1934.[10] Edward VII (Albert Edward; 9 November 1841 – 6 May 1910) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, of the British Dominions beyond the Seas, and Emperor of India from 22 January 1901 until his death on 6 May 1910. ... The Territory of Papua was an Australian possession comprising the southeastern quarter of the island of New Guinea, existing from roughly 1902 to 1949. ...

The Flags Act 1953 specified the Blue Ensign as the National Flag of Australia and the Red Ensign as a civil flag.
The Flags Act 1953 specified the Blue Ensign as the National Flag of Australia and the Red Ensign as a civil flag.

The Australian flag existed in two versions, the Australian Red Ensign for merchant ships and the Blue Ensign for government use. There remained confusion as to which flag should be flown by ordinary citizens on land. By traditional British understanding, the Blue Ensign would be reserved for Commonwealth Government use, with State and local governments, private organisations and individuals all using the Red Ensign. However, in the 1940s, successive governments encouraged private citizens to use the Australian Blue Ensign as the national emblem.[11] In 1951, King George VI approved a recommendation by the Australian Prime Minister Robert Menzies that the Australian Blue Ensign be adopted as the National Flag. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (575x776, 41 KB) A page from the Flags Act 1953, from the Collection of the National Archive of Australia. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (575x776, 41 KB) A page from the Flags Act 1953, from the Collection of the National Archive of Australia. ... Flag ratio: 1:2 The Australian Red Ensign resulted from the Commonwealth Government Federal Design Competition, which required an official flag and a merchant or shipping version of the same design. ... Flag ratio: 1:2 The Australian Red Ensign resulted from the Commonwealth Government Federal Design Competition, which required an official flag and a merchant or shipping version of the same design. ... George VI (Albert Frederick Arthur George; 14 December 1895 – 6 February 1952) was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions from 11 December 1936 until his death. ... The Prime Minister of Australia is the head of government of the Commonwealth of Australia, holding office on commission from the Governor-General. ... Sir Robert Gordon Menzies, KT, AK, CH, FRS, QC (20 December 1894 – 15 May 1978), Australian politician, was the twelfth and longest-serving Prime Minister of Australia, serving eighteen and a half years. ...


This status was formalised on 14 February 1954, when Elizabeth II gave Royal Assent to the Flags Act 1953. This was the first Australian legislation to receive the monarch's Assent in person, and was timed to coincide with the Queen's visit to the country. The Act also gives powers to the Governor-General to approve new official flags. In 1996, the Flags Act was amended by stipulating rules for changing the national flag's design; to replace the flag entirely, a referendum must be held – assuming the act is not amended by parliament through the normal processes.[12] is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1954 Gregorian calendar). ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... // The granting of Royal Assent is the formal method by which a constitutional monarch completes the legislative process of lawmaking by formally assenting to an Act of Parliament. ... The Flags Act 1953 was as act of the Parliament of Australia which was notable as it established the official Flag of Australia. ... The Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia is the representative of Queen Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia. ...


Protocol

Guidelines for flying the flag are laid out in a pamphlet entitled "The Australian National Flag", which is published by the Australian Government on an infrequent basis. The guidelines say that the Australian National Flag, the Australian Aboriginal flag and the Torres Strait Islander flag are allowed to be flown on every day of the year. The National Flag must always be flown in a position superior to that of any other flag or ensign when flown in Australia or on Australian territory, and it should always be flown aloft and free. The flag must be flown in all government buildings and displayed in polling stations when there is a national election or referendum.[13] 2:3 The Australian Aboriginal flag The Australian Aboriginal flag was originally designed as a protest flag for the land rights movement of Indigenous Australians but has since become a symbol of the Aboriginal people of Australia. ... Torres Strait Islander Flag - Ratio: 2:3 The Torres Strait Islander flag is an official Flag of Australia, and is the flag that represents Torres Strait Islander people. ...

The flagpole on Parliament House is 81 metres tall and the flag measures 12.8 m by 6.4 m, about the size of half a tennis court.
The flagpole on Parliament House is 81 metres tall and the flag measures 12.8 m by 6.4 m, about the size of half a tennis court.

The Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet also advises that the flag should only be flown during daylight hours, unless it is illuminated. Two flags should not be flown from the same flagpole. When the flag is flown at half-mast, it should be recognisably at half-mast, for example, a third of the way down from the top of the pole. The Australian Flag should never be flown half mast at Night. Flags are flown at half-mast on government buildings: Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1067x1600, 224 KB) Flagpole on top of Parliament House, Canberra File links The following pages link to this file: Flag of Australia ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1067x1600, 224 KB) Flagpole on top of Parliament House, Canberra File links The following pages link to this file: Flag of Australia ... Parliament House Canberra: The main entrance and the flag mast. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet is an Australian Government department. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ...

  • On the death of the Sovereign – from the time of announcement of the death up to and including the funeral. On the day the accession of the new Sovereign is proclaimed, it is customary to raise the flag to the top of the mast from 11 am.
  • On the death of a member of a royal family.
  • On the death of the Governor-General or a former Governor-General.
  • On the death of a distinguished Australian citizen. Flags in any locality may be flown at half-mast on the death of a notable local citizen or on the day, or part of the day, of their funeral.
  • On the death of the head of state of another country with which Australia has diplomatic relations – the flag would be flown on the day of the funeral.
  • On ANZAC day the flag is flown half-mast until noon.
  • On Remembrance Day flags are flown at peak till 10:30 am, at half-mast from 10:30 am to 11:03 am, then at peak for the remainder of the day.

The Department provides a subscription-based email service called the Commonwealth Flag Network, which gives information on national occasions to fly the flag at half-mast as well as national days of commemoration and celebration of the flag.[14] Judicial High Court Lower Courts Constitution State and territory governments Executive Governors and Administrators Premiers and Chief Ministers Legislative Parliaments and Assemblies State electoral systems ACT - NSW - NT - Qld. ... Judicial High Court Lower Courts Constitution State and territory governments Executive Governors and Administrators Premiers and Chief Ministers Legislative Parliaments and Assemblies State electoral systems ACT - NSW - NT - Qld. ... Anzac Day is commemorated by Australia and New Zealand on 25 April every year to remember members of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) who landed at Gallipoli in Turkey during World War I. Anzac Day is also a public holiday in the Cook Islands, Niue, Samoa and... Remembrance Day also known as Poppy Day, Armistice Day (the event it commemorates), or Veterans Day in the United States is a day to commemorate the sacrifices of members of the armed forces and of civilians in times of war, specifically since the First World War. ...


The Australian National Flag may be used for commercial or advertising purposes without formal permission as long as the flag is used in a dignified manner and reproduced completely and accurately; it should not be defaced by overprinting with words or illustrations, it should not be covered by other objects in displays, and all symbolic parts of the flag should be identifiable.[15]


There have been several attempts to make desecration of the Australian flag a crime. In 1953, during the second reading debate on the Flags Act, the leader of the Opposition, Arthur Calwell, unsuccessfully called for provisions to be added to the bill to criminalise desecration. Michael Cobb introduced private member’s bills in 1989, 1990, 1991 and 1992 to ban desecration, but on each occasion the bill lapsed.[16] In 2002, the leader of the National Party, John Anderson, proposed to introduce laws banning desecration of the Australian flag, a call which attracted support from some parliamentarians both in his own party and the senior Coalition partner, the Liberal Party. However, the Prime Minister, John Howard, rejected the calls stating that "...in the end I guess it's part of the sort of free speech code that we have in this country."[17] In 2003, the Australian Flags (Desecration of the Flag) Bill was tabled in Parliament by Trish Draper without support from Howard and subsequently lapsed.[18] Burning the Flag of the United States Flag desecration is a blanket term applied to various acts that intentionally deface a flag, most often a national flag (though other flags can be defaced as well). ... Judicial High Court Lower Courts Constitution State and territory governments Executive Governors and Administrators Premiers and Chief Ministers Legislative Parliaments and Assemblies State electoral systems ACT - NSW - NT - Qld. ... Rt Hon Arthur Calwell (with young migrant, 1949) Arthur Augustus Calwell (August 28, 1896 - July 8, 1973) Australian politician, was Leader of the Australian Labor Party from 1960 to 1967. ... Michael Roy Cobb (b. ... A Private Members Bill is a proposed law introduced by a backbench member of parliament, whether from the government or the opposition side, to that legislature or parliament. ... The National Party of Australia is an Australian political party. ... Hon John Anderson John Duncan Anderson (born 14 November 1956) is an Australian politician. ... The Coalition in Australian politics refers to the grouping of two political parties that has existed in the form of a coalition agreement since 1922, with only brief breaks (e. ... This article is about the modern Australian political party. ... John Winston Howard (born 26 July 1939) is an Australian politician and the 25th Prime Minister of Australia. ... Trish Draper Patricia Trish Draper (born 2 April 1959), Australian politician, has been a Liberal member of the Australian House of Representatives since March 1996, representing the Division of Makin, South Australia. ...


National Flag Day

The Royal Exhibition Building, Melbourne. Site of the first flying of the Australian flag.
The Royal Exhibition Building, Melbourne. Site of the first flying of the Australian flag.

In 1996, the Governor-General, Sir William Deane, issued a proclamation establishing an annual Australian National Flag Day, to be held on 3 September.[19] Flag Day celebrations had been occurring in Sydney since 1984. They were initiated by the vexillographer John Christian Vaughan to commemorate the first occasion when the Flag was flown in 1901.[20] On Flag Day, ceremonies are held in some major centres, and the Governor-General and some politicians attend or release statements to the media. Australian National Flag Day is not a public holiday. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2105x1361, 522 KB) Summary A view of the south-facing side of the Royal Exhibition Building. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2105x1361, 522 KB) Summary A view of the south-facing side of the Royal Exhibition Building. ... The Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia is the representative of Queen Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... Flag of the Fédération internationale des associations vexillologiques. ...


Centenary Flag

On the centenary of the first flying of the flag, 3 September 2001, the Australian National Flag Association presented the Prime Minister with a flag intended to replace the missing original flag. This flag was not a replica of the original flag, on which the Commonwealth Star had only six points, but was a current Australian National Flag with a seven pointed Commonwealth Star. The flag has a special headband, including a cardinal red stripe and the inscription is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... The Australian National Flag Association is a lobby group founded on 10 May 1983 in response to suggestions that the current Australian flag is not appropriately representative of the nation, and should be changed. ...

The Centenary Flag. Presented to the Hon John Howard MP, Prime Minister of Australia on behalf of the people of Australia by the Australian National Flag Association on 3 September 2001 at the Royal Exhibition Building, Melbourne to commemorate the first flying of the Australian National Flag on 3 September 1901 attended by the Rt Hon Sir Edmund Barton MHR, Prime Minister of Australia. is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...

A warrant authorising the use of the Centenary Flag under section 6 of the Flags Act was issued by the Governor-General and the flag is now used as the official flag of state on important occasions.[21]


Other Australian flags

Under Section 5 of the Flags Act 1953, the Governor-General may proclaim flags other than the National Flag and the Red Ensign as flags or ensigns of Australia. Five flags have been appointed in this manner. The first two were the Royal Australian Navy Ensign and the Royal Australian Air Force Ensign, the flags used by the Royal Australian Navy and the Royal Australian Air Force. The Australian Army uses the Blue Ensign. The Air Force and the Navy flew the appropriate British ensigns (the White Ensign and the Royal Air Force Ensign) until the adoption of similar ensigns based on the Australian National Flag in 1948 and 1967 respectively. The current Navy and Air Force Ensigns were officially appointed in 1967 and 1982 respectively. This is a list of flags used in Australia: // Categories: | ... Flag ratio: 1:2 The Royal Australian Navy Ensign is the flag used by the Royal Australian Navy. ... The Royal Australian Air Force Ensign is used by the Royal Australian Air Force in Australia and overseas. ... The Royal Australian Navy (RAN) is the naval branch of the Australian Defence Force. ... The Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) is the Air Force branch of the Australian Defence Force. ... The Australian Army is Australias military land force. ... The White Ensign. ... Royal Air Force Ensign The Royal Air Force Ensign is the official flag which used to represent the Royal Air Force. ...


In 1995, the Aboriginal Flag and the Torres Strait Islander Flag were also appointed flags of Australia. While mainly seen as a gesture of reconciliation, this recognition caused a small amount of controversy at the time, with then opposition leader John Howard describing it as divisive. Some indigenous people, such as the flag's designer Harold Thomas, felt that the government was appropriating their flag, saying it "doesn't need any more recognition".[22] 2:3 The Australian Aboriginal flag The Australian Aboriginal flag was originally designed as a protest flag for the land rights movement of Indigenous Australians but has since become a symbol of the Aboriginal people of Australia. ... Torres Strait Islander Flag - Ratio: 2:3 The Torres Strait Islander flag is an official Flag of Australia, and is the flag that represents Torres Strait Islander people. ... John Winston Howard (born 26 July 1939) is an Australian politician and the 25th Prime Minister of Australia. ... Language(s) Several hundred Indigenous Australian languages (many extinct or nearly so), Australian English, Australian Aboriginal English, Torres Strait Creole, Kriol Religion(s) Primarily Christian, with minorities of other religions including various forms of Traditional belief systems based around the Dreamtime Related ethnic groups see List of Indigenous Australian group... Harold Joseph Thomas (born c. ...


The flag most recently appointed under Section 5 is the Australian Defence Force Ensign, in 2000. This flag is used to represent the Defence Force when more than one branch of the military is involved, such as at the Australian Defence Force Academy, and by the Minister for Defence. Australian Defence Force Ensign The Australian Defence Force Ensign is an flag of Australia which represents the tri-service Australian Defence Force. ... ADFA redirects here, for the Welsh village see Adfa (village). ...

Royal Australian Navy Ensign Royal Australian Air Force Ensign Australian Aboriginal Flag Torres Strait Islander Flag Australian Defence Force Ensign

In addition to the seven flags declared under the Flags Act there are two additional Commonwealth flags, the Australian Civil Aviation Ensign and Australian Customs Flag, eight Vice-Regal flags and nine State and Territory flags that are recognised as official flags through other means. Image File history File links Naval_Ensign_of_Australia. ... Image File history File links Ensign_of_the_Royal_Australian_Air_Force. ... Image File history File links Australian_Aboriginal_Flag. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Torres_Strait_Islanders. ... Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Australian Civil Aviation Ensign The Australian Civil Aviation Ensign is an Australian flag that was used by the Australian Civil Aviation Authority. ... The Australian Customs Flag is the flag flown by Australian Customs Service vessels and sometimes on ACS buildings. ...


The flag debate

A poster calling for a redesign of the Australian Flag, released by Ausflag in 2000 to coincide with the 2000 Summer Olympics.

In connection with the issue of republicanism in Australia, there have been low-key but persistent debates over whether or not the Australian flag should be changed in order to remove the Union Flag from the canton. This debate has come to a head at a number of occasions, such as in the period immediately preceding the Australian Bicentenary in 1988, and also during the Prime Ministership of Paul Keating, who publicly supported a change in the flag and was famously quoted as saying: Image File history File links Download high resolution version (580x840, 39 KB)Copyright of Ausflag [1] This work is copyrighted and unlicensed. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (580x840, 39 KB)Copyright of Ausflag [1] This work is copyrighted and unlicensed. ... Ausflag is an apolitical Australian not for profit organization that exists to promote debate on Australias national symbols, in particular the flag of Australia. ... The 2000 Summer Olympics or the Millennium Games/Games of the New Millennium, officially known as the Games of the XXVII Olympiad, were the Summer Olympic Games held in 2000 in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. ... The current Australian flag The Australian flag debate is a low-key but persistent debate over whether the Australian flag should be changed in order to remove the Union Flag from the canton, often in connection with the issue of republicanism in Australia. ... Judicial High Court Lower Courts Constitution State and territory governments Executive Governors and Administrators Premiers and Chief Ministers Legislative Parliaments and Assemblies State electoral systems ACT - NSW - NT - Qld. ... The Skyneedle at Expo88, as part of the celebrations for the 1988 Bicentenary Australian Bicentenary usually describes two events: The Bicentenary of Captain James Cooks arrival and discovery of the east coast of Australia in 1770. ... For other persons named Paul Keating, see Paul Keating (disambiguation). ...

I do not believe that the symbols and the expression of the full sovereignty of Australian nationhood can ever be complete while we have a flag with the flag of another country on the corner of it.[23]

There are two lobby groups involved in the flag debate, the pro-change group Ausflag and the Australian National Flag Association (ANFA), who want to keep the current flag. The primary arguments for keeping the flag cite historic precedence, while the arguments for changing the flag are based around the idea that the current flag does not accurately depict Australia's status as an independent and multicultural nation. Ausflag periodically campaigns for flag change in association with national events, like the 2000 Summer Olympics and holds flag design competitions, while ANFA's activities include promotion of the current design through events like National Flag Day. Opinion polls indicate that Australians are split on the issues of flag change; for example, an AGB-McNair poll in 1995 that asked, "If a suitable design for a new Australian flag were found, would you be likely to support or oppose changing the flag in time for the 2000 Olympics?" found support among 50% of respondents and opposition from 46%.[24] A 2004 NEWSPOLL which asked "Are you personally in favour or against changing the Australian flag so as to remove the Union Jack emblem?" was supported by 32% of respondents, and opposed by 57% with 11% uncommitted.[25] Ausflag is an apolitical Australian not for profit organization that exists to promote debate on Australias national symbols, in particular the flag of Australia. ... The Australian National Flag Association is a lobby group founded on 10 May 1983 in response to suggestions that the current Australian flag is not appropriately representative of the nation, and should be changed. ... The 2000 Summer Olympics or the Millennium Games/Games of the New Millennium, officially known as the Games of the XXVII Olympiad, were the Summer Olympic Games held in 2000 in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. ...


References

  1. ^ a b Flags Act 1953
  2. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics. 1998. The Australian Flag. Year Book Australia
  3. ^ a b Evans, I. 1918. The history of the Australian flag. Evan Evans, Melbourne
  4. ^ Foley, C. A. 1996. The Australian Flag: Colonial relic or contemporary icon? The Federation Press ISBN 1-86287-188-4 pp.80–81
  5. ^ Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet. Awards and National Symbols Branch. 2000. Australian symbols Australian Government Publishing Service. ISBN 0-642-47131-2
  6. ^ (2002) Style Manual for Authors, Editors and Printers, 6th, Milton, Qld.: John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 0 7016 3648 3. 
  7. ^ Kirby, Michael (2000), "The Australian Referendum on a Republic - Ten Lessons", Australian Journal of Politics & History 46 (4): 510–535, <http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/abs/10.1111/1467-8497.00111> 
  8. ^ Bulletin, Sydney, 28 September 1901
  9. ^ Commonwealth of Australia Gazette No. 8, 20 February 1903
  10. ^ Commonwealth of Australia Gazette No. 18, 23 March 1934
  11. ^ Kwan, Elizabeth. 2006. Flag and Nationa: Australians and their national flags since 1901 UNSW Press ISBN 0-86840-567-1 pp.96-97
  12. ^ Department of the Parliamentary Library. 1996. Bills Digest 18 1996–97 Flags Amendment Bill 1996. ISSN 1323-9032
  13. ^ Department of Administrative Services. 1982. The Australian National Flag. Australian Government Publishing Service ISBN 978-0-6440-4046-4 }}
  14. ^ Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet. Awards and National Symbols Branch. How to fly the flag
  15. ^ Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet. Awards and National Symbols Branch. Commercial use of the Flag of Australia
  16. ^ Department of the Parliamentary Library. 2003. Bills Digest No. 42 2003–04, Protection of Australian Flags (Desecration of the Flag) Bill 2003. ISSN 1328-8091
  17. ^ Hudson, P. November 16, 2002. PM defends right to burn flag. The Age
  18. ^ Farr, M. 17 September 2003. Bid to ban burning of flag fails. Daily Telegraph
  19. ^ Commonwealth of Australia Gazette No. S321, 28 August 1996
  20. ^ Australian National Flag Association. History of National Flag Day
  21. ^ Commonwealth of Australia Gazette No. S382, 20 September 2001
  22. ^ Harold Thomas in Land Rights News, July 1995, p. 3, cited in Aboriginal Tent Embassy: Icon or Eyesore?
  23. ^ Hansard. June 2, 1994. Question without Notice: Australian Flag, pp 1318
  24. ^ AGB-McNair Poll
  25. ^ NEWSPOLL, January 25, 2004.

This article is about Australian High Court judge Michael Kirby. ... is the 271st day of the year (272nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1903 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 260th day of the year (261st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 240th day of the year (241st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... The Australian National Flag Association is a lobby group founded on 10 May 1983 in response to suggestions that the current Australian flag is not appropriately representative of the nation, and should be changed. ... is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 153rd day of the year (154th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Flags of Australia
  • Australian Government, It's an Honour! - Australian National Flag
  • Australia at Flags of the World
  • Ausflag
  • Australian National Flag Association


Flags of the World (or FOTW) is an Internet-based vexillological organization and resource. ...

This is a list of countries spanning more than one continent. ... The Dannebrog, national flag of Denmark, is the oldest state flag still in use. ... A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ... The Dannebrog, national flag of Denmark, is the oldest state flag still in use. ... This gallery of sovereign-state flags shows the flags of sovereign states in the list of sovereign states. ... This overview contains the flags of dependent territories. ... This article is intended as a list of flags from micronations - that is, unrecognised statelike entities that are largely or wholly ephemeral in nature. ... A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ... This gallery of sovereign state coats of arms shows the coat of arms of sovereign states in the list of sovereign states. ... This overview shows the coat of arms of dependent territories. ... This overview contains the coats of arms of self-proclaimed states that have declared their independence, exert control over (at least part of) the claimed territory and population, but have not been acknowledged as independent states by the international community at large. ... This overview contains the coats of arms of micronations, self-proclaimed statelike entities that are largely or wholly ephemeral in nature. ...


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