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Encyclopedia > Flag football
An Intramural game of co-ed flag football at the University of Texas at Austin

Flag football is a version of American football that is popular across the United States. The basic rules of the game are similar to those of the professional game, but instead of tackling players to the ground, the defensive team must remove a flag or flag belt from the ball carrier ("deflagging") to end a down. In most organized play, players wear a belt with flags around the waist, but the number of flags varies from league to league. Like touch football, flag football was designed in an effort to minimize injuries that playing tackle football could bring. Over the years, however, contact leagues have emerged, where offensive and defensive players can block in certain zones or downfield, adding to the myriad styles of the game. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1023x683, 281 KB) An Intramural game of Flag Football at the University of Texas at Austin I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1023x683, 281 KB) An Intramural game of Flag Football at the University of Texas at Austin I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free... The term intramural is most commonly associated with sports within a school. ... University of Texas at Austin The University of Texas at Austin (full official name), often UT or Texas for short, is the flagship institution of the University of Texas System, the largest public university system in Texas, established in 1883. ... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... Touch football is a version of American football originally developed by the U.S. Navy in the 1940s in which the players tackle the individual carrying the ball only by touching him with one or two hands, based on whether one is playing the one-hand touch or two...



Rules of flag football vary greatly, mostly depending on the sanctioning body that establishes the rules. Several regional and national bodies have developed rules for flag football. A brief overview of some key rules:

United States Flag Football Association[1]
Field specifications Field is 53 1/3 yards wide by 80 yards long, with 10 yard endzones. Field is marked in 20 yard intervals, with a 3 yard mark from each goal line. Allowances are made for smaller or larger fields based on local geography. A goal consisting of posts 23 feet 4 inches apart (inside dimensions) with a crossbar 10 feet off the ground lies at the center of the endline behind each endzone. Pylons mark the four corners of the endzone. A down marker indicates line of scrimmage and down.
Officials Four officials: Referee, Umpire, Linesman, Field Judge
Equipment The ball is specified as the NFL Official Wilson Ball for men and the Official Wilson TDY Youth League Ball for women. Standard football jerseys with block numbers in a contrasting color from the jersey. Each team must wear jersey colors that contrast with each other. No padding may be worn, and shoes cannot bear cleats or spikes. Two flags worn from, but not tied to, a belt. Flags should be 3 inches wide, and of a style approved by the USFFA.
Players Eight players are on the field for each team. All players and legal substitutes must wear the team uniform during the game. Free substitution is allowed during dead ball situations, though any substitute must remain on the field for a minimum of one play before leaving. Four of the eight offensive players must be on the line of scrimmage at the snap of the ball. All offensive players, including the linemen, are eligible to receive a pass.
Timing Each game is 60 minutes, consisting of four quarters of fifteen minutes each. The ball is kicked off at the start of the first and third quarters. Teams switch goals at the start of the second and fourth quarters. Time is kept on a stopwatch maintained by an official OR by a visible onfield game clock. Time stops at each quarter end (though play continues after a clock stoppage until a dead ball). A "running clock" is employed, whereby the time stops ONLY after a Point After Touchdown attempt (to restart at kick off) or when a time-out is called by either team (to restart on the snap of the next play). EXCEPTION: During the last two minutes of the second and fourth quarter only, the clock shall stop for each score, or incomplete pass, or when a live ball goes out of bounds. Time out may also be called at an official's discretion for injuries or equipment problems.
Dead ball A dead ball is declared for "deflagging" - the removal of one or both flags while the player is in possession of the ball. The ball carrier is down at the spot of the flag it is removed.
Down and distance First downs are achieved at fixed, pre-marked 20-yard intervals on the field. A team has four downs to reach the next first down marker.
Blocking Blocks may only be executed against an opponent between their waist and shoulders. Two-on-one blocks may only be executed behind the line of scrimmage. Use of extended arms and open palms is acceptable as long as the blocker is stationary or moving backwards. Holding is not allowed.
Scoring Touchdowns are six points, field goals three, safeties two. On a try for Point After Touchdown(PAT), one point is awarded for a successful kick, or by a completed pass in the endzone, and two points are awarded for a running play that reaches the endzone. The location of the flag determines if a touchdown is scored, not the ball as in tackle rules. Thus, if the flag never crosses the goal line, no score occurs even if the ball does.
Change of possession Possession changes after a Point After Touchdown(PAT) attempt, field goal attempt, safety, intercepted pass, punt, and after fourth down if the next first down line is not reached. Fumbles are live balls, and the defensive team may recover the fumble and retain possession.


Chiefly because there is no dominant sanctioning organization for the sport, the game has mutated into literally dozens of variations: 9-man, 8-man, 7-man, 5-man, and 4-man on a side; with kicking and punting and without; with point-after conversions (including some with 1, 2, and 3 point tries) or without; and field sizes that vary from full NFL size (120 yards long by 53 1/3 yards wide) to fields a third that size. NFL redirects here. ...

An important distinction is whether linemen are allowed to catch passes ("Eligible Linemen") or, as in the NFL, are not allowed to do so ("Ineligible Linemen"). Flag (and touch) football may also be divided into "contact" or "non-contact", depending on whether or not blocking is allowed; if allowed, blocking is usually restricted to the chest. A diagram of the linemen, with defensive linemen (in 4-3 formation) in red and offensive linemen in green. ... NFL logo For other uses of the abbreviation NFL, see NFL (disambiguation). ... The name touch football may refer to several similar but unrelated games. ... In American football, blocking occurs when one player obstructs another players path with his body. ... Male Chest The chest is a part of the anatomy of humans and various other animals. ...

flag football game Universidad Autonoma Chapingo, Texcoco Mexico
flag football game Universidad Autonoma Chapingo, Texcoco Mexico

In Non-Contact football, there is no blocking, usually no linemen, and if there are linemen they can not use their hands to block an opponent. You can not get in the way of a runner, you can only attempt to grab the flag without impeding the path of the runner. Offensive players are not allowed to hand block defensive players to prevent them from grabbing the flag.

In Contact flag football, none of the rules above apply. There are linemen blocking only around chest area, no chop blocks or blocks below the waist. Defensive players can get in the path of an offensive player to attempt to grab the flag. Offensive player can hand block defensive players attempting to grab the flag.

Organized flag football leagues follow a number of sets of rules, with variants including:

  • 9-man ineligible (with contact),
  • 8-man eligible (with or without contact),
  • 7-man eligible (with or without contact),
  • 6-man eligible (with or without contact),
  • 5-man eligible (with or without contact),
  • 4-man eligible (with or without contact), and
  • 4-man "Air-It-Out/Let-it-Fly" style. (talk) 11:39, 12 April 2008 (UTC)iwffa.com International Women's Flag Football Association Rules - Plays with 8 players on field, semi-contact - blocks from shoulder to waist, kicks for field goals, extra point, punts, fake kicks, defensive rush, no fumbles, no shoulder pads, nor helmets. Is very close to NFL rules without tackling. OBJECT OF GAME: To begin game, Receiving team (A) will receive kick from Kicking team (B). Offensive team (A) will then be given a series of 4 downs (or chances) in order to advance ball 10 yd. Each 10 yd (or greater) gain will award Offensive team (A) a new set of series or “first down”. Each forward progression brings Offensive team (A) closer to goal of their opponent’s (B) goal. Points are scored by crossing goal of opposing team, either by carrying or catching ball across opponent’s goal line, or de-flagging opponent in their own end zone (safety). Field goals , conversion & extra pt kicks thru up right goal posts will also award points. Team with greater amount of pts, wins.Complete rules can be found at: http://www.iwffa.com


The sport has a fierce amateur following and several national and international competitions each year, including the International Flag Football Federation sponsored World Cup of Flag Football featuring teams from the United States, Mexico and several other nations. Image File history File links Broom_icon. ...

Men's Championships

Country Titles
Canada 1
Mexico 1
St. Croix 1

Women's Championships

Country Titles
Mexico 6
Canada 1

The NFL conducts their own Youth World Championship for kids 12-14 years of age. Held in different nations around the world, it is five man no contact football played between ten countries. Previous NFL Flag Football World Championships have been held in Toronto, Cologne, Mexico City, Tokyo, Vancouver and Beijing. NFL logo For other uses of the abbreviation NFL, see NFL (disambiguation). ... The World Youth Championships can refer to: The IAAF World Youth Championships in Athletics The FIFA World Youth Championship, now known as the FIFA U-20 World Cup Category: ...

The NFL has also at times sanctioned "Air It Out" competitions aimed primarily at its fans in which tournament-winning teams were allowed to compete against retired NFL All-Pros. All-star (also, Allstar or All Star) is a term with meanings in both the worlds of sports and entertainment. ...

The largest cash prize in the history of flag football ($25,000) was awarded in February 2006 by ZFOOTBALL. Overview ZFOOTBALL Flag Football Tour ZFOOTBALL is a national 4-on-4 Flag football tour which holds events in cities across the United States. ...

See Also

American football strategy takes many forms, and is not always about the strength and size of the two teams. ...


  1. ^ USFFA flag football rules and rulebook (pdf). United States Flag Football Association. Retrieved on 2007-05-14.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... May 14 is the 134th day of the year (135th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • American Flag and Touch Football League
  • NFL Youth Flag Football
  • United States Flag Football Association
  • United States Flag and Touch Footbal League
  • Scottish Flag Football Association
  • Organizacion de Futbol Bandera Texcoco - Mexico



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