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Encyclopedia > Fjord horse
Fjord

The Fjord horse (known in Norway as a fjording) is a rather short but very strong breed of horse from the mountainous regions of western Norway. It ranges from 137 to 147 centimetres (approximately 13.2 to 14.2 hands) in height and weighs from 400 to 550 kilograms (about 882 to 1210 lb), which classifies it as a pony according to international rules (though it is always called a horse in Norway). This breed is one of the world’s oldest and purest breeds. It is believed that the ancestors of the Fjord horse migrated to Norway and were domesticated over 4,000 years ago.[citation needed] Archeological excavations at Viking burial sites indicate the Fjord horse has been selectively bred for 2,000 years.[citation needed] Image File history File links Fjord Horse personal image File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Fjord Horse personal image File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Binomial name Equus caballus Linnaeus, 1758 The horse (Equus caballus, sometimes seen as a subspecies of the Wild Horse, Equus ferus caballus) is a large odd-toed ungulate mammal, one of ten modern species of the genus Equus. ... A centimetre (American spelling centimeter, symbol cm) is a unit of length that is equal to one hundredth of a metre, the current SI base unit of length. ... A hand (or handbreadth) is a unit of length measurement, usually based on the breadth of a male human hand and thus around 1 dm, i. ... The U.S. National Prototype Kilogram, which currently serves as the primary standard for measuring mass in the U.S. It was assigned to the United States in 1889 and is periodically recertified and traceable to the primary international standard, The Kilogram, held at the Bureau International des Poids et... The pound (abbreviations: lb or, sometimes in the United States, #) is a unit of mass in a number of different systems, including various systems of units of mass that formed part of English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... A Shetland Pony A pony is any of several horse breeds with a specific conformation and temperament. ... The term Viking commonly denotes the ship-borne warriors and traders of Norsemen (literally, men from the north) who originated in Scandinavia and raided the coasts of the British Isles and mainland Europe as far east as the Volga River in Russia from the late 8th–11th century. ...


It has a strong neck, good feet, a compact, muscular body, and is often ridden by people who lack skill and have no butt. Despite its small size, it is fully capable of carrying an adult human and pulling heavy loads. It is always dun in color, brown dun being the most common. The Fjord also comes in three other varieties of Dun (color); grey, red, white and the extremely rare yellow. It has small brown marks over the eyes and on the checks and thighs. The ears bear dark outlines and tips. There is some "feathering" on the legs, and occasionally zebra-like dark horizontal stripes. The coat is thin and shiny in summer, but longer and furry in winter. The mane is long, thick, and heavy, but is usually clipped to between five to ten centimeters (two to four inches) so that it stands up, making grooming easier and accentuating the horse's strong neck and full-length dorsal stripe. In few other breeds does the dorsal stripe extend all the way from poll to tail. Fjords have their own unique conformation. Dun is a yellow-brown color, sometimes seen in the hair coats of horses, characterized by a body color ranging from sandy yellow to reddish-brown. ... Conformation generally means structural arrangement. ...


The fjord horse and its ancestors have been used for hundreds of years as farm animals in western Norway. The horse is strong enough for heavy work, such as plowing the fields or pulling timber, yet light and fast enough to be a good riding and driving horse.

Norwegian fjord grazing
Norwegian fjord grazing

Today, the fjord horse is a favourite at Norwegian riding and therapeutic schools, as its generally mild temperament and small size make it suitable for children and disabled individuals. It has also been used as a sport horse. Its ability to handle difficult terrain has led to achievement in show jumping and dressage where they have reached the highest levels. They are considered very good driving horses, and are commonly used in everything from competitions to tourist transport in Norway. Fjord horses were used in mountainous terrain during WWII, and in a tribute to their versitality, also served as food during the food shortages in the Netherlands in 1944-1945. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1200x900, 287 KB) horse, Hjerl Hede, Denmark, 2004 © 2004 by Tomasz Sienicki, tsca#sdf. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1200x900, 287 KB) horse, Hjerl Hede, Denmark, 2004 © 2004 by Tomasz Sienicki, tsca#sdf. ... Show jumping is a form of competition in which horses are jumped over a course of fences, low walls, and other obstacles (e. ... An upper-level dressage competitor performing an extended trot Dressage (a French term meaning training) is a path and destination of competitive horse training, with competitions held at all levels from amateur to the Olympics. ...

Contents

Registries

Since 1981, the lineage and purity of the Fjord breed has been tracked in the U.S. by the Norwegian Fjord Horse Registry (NFHR).


In Canada, the breed registry is maintained by the Canadian Fjord Horse Association (CFHA).

  • Belgisch Fjordenpaardenstamboek - Belgium 's Fjord Horse Studbook
  • Fjordhesteavlen i Danmark - Denmark's Fjord Horse Studbook
  • Fjord horse National Stud Book Association Of Great Britain
  • Norges Fjordhestlag
  • Norsk Hestesenter
  • Svenska Fjordhästföreningen -Sweden's Fjord Horse Studbook
  • Fjordpferde Vereinigung Schweiz - Switzerland's Fjord Horse Studbook&nbsp
  • Het Nederlandse Fjordenpaarden Stamboek - The Dutch Fjord Horse Studbook
  • Fjordpferd (IGF) e.V. - The German Fjord Horse Association (IGF)

See Breed registry A breed registry, also known as a stud book or register, in animal husbandry and the hobby of animal fancy, is an official list of animals within a specific breed whose parents are known. ...

  • Suomen Vuonohevosyhdistys ry - Finska Fjordhästföreningen rf

In heraldry

The fjord horse is featured as a charge on the coat of arms of the Nordfjord municipalities of Gloppen and Eid. Image File history File links Coat of arms for the municipality of Gloppen (kommune), Norway. ... Image File history File links Eid_komm. ... In heraldry, a charge is an image occupying the field on an escutcheon (or shield). ... Nordfjord is a fjord and a traditional district in the county of Sogn og Fjordane in Western Norway. ... County Sogn og Fjordane Landscape Nordfjord Municipality NO-1445 Administrative centre Sandane Mayor (2003) Anders Ryssdal (Sp) Official language form Nynorsk Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 104 1,028 km² 961 km² 0. ... County Sogn og Fjordane Landscape Nordfjord Municipality NO-1443 Administrative centre Nordfjordeid Mayor (2005) Sonja Edvardsen (Arbeiderpartiet) Official language form Nynorsk Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 214 469 km² 420 km² 0. ...


See also

The Icelandic horse is a breed of pony that has lived in Iceland since the mid-800s, having been brought to the island by Viking settlers. ... // This page is a list of horse and pony breeds. ... Combined driving also known as Horse Driving Trials is an equestrian sport involving carriage driving. ... Horse breeding is the process of using selective breeding to produce additional individuals of a given phenotype, that is, continuing a breed. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Fjord horse
  • Norwegian Fjord Horse Registry
  • Canadian Fjord Horse Association
  • American Driving Society

 
 

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