A fixative is a liquid, similar to varnish, which is usually sprayed over a finished piece of artwork to better preserve it and prevent smudging. Artwork media requiring fixative include drawings done in pencil, charcoal, and pastel. An artist will often fix layers of a work in progress, in order to easily add further layers. Such a technique requires a workable fixative. Fixative is available in aerosol sprays. Varnish is a finish applied to wood or other surfaces in order to provide a clear, hard, durable, protective finish. ... Drawing is one way of making an image: it is the process of making marks on a surface by applying pressure from or moving a tool on the surface. ... A couple of very simple pencils Colored pencils are usually used for drawing instead of writing. ... Charcoal is the blackish residue consisting of impure carbon obtained by removing water and other volatile constituents of animal and vegetable substances. ... A bravura pastel portrait of Louis XV by Maurice Quentin de La Tour, 1748 Pastel or pastels is an artistic expression which involves the application of soft colors by painting with soft crayons wrapped in paper. ... http://visibleearth. ...
If you are fixing a charcoaldrawing that you are going to paint on, use just enough to hold the drawing otherwise it acts different where you sprayed vs didn't spray.
Workable fixative is just that, "worklable" (Holding what you have of your drawing, so that you can come back and refine if you need to before you spray a "final fixtative" on it) - so when you start to paint on it, it will not always hold the drawing.
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