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Encyclopedia > Five elements (Chinese philosophy)
Classical Elements

Western Chinese Wood (木) | Fire (火) Earth (土) | Metal (金) | Water (水) Japanese Earth (地) | Water (水) | Fire (火) | Air / Wind (風) | Void / Sky / Heaven (空) Hinduism and Buddhism Vayu / Pavan — Air / Wind Agni / Tejas — Fire Akasha — Aether Prithvi / Bhumi — Earth Ap / Jala — Water “The Four Elements” redirects here. ... Chinese Wood (木) | Fire (火) Earth (土) | Metal (金) | Water (水) Japanese Earth (地) | Water (水) | Fire (火) | Air / Wind (風) | Void / Sky / Heaven (空) Hinduism and Buddhism Vayu / Pavan — Air / Wind Agni / Tejas — Fire Akasha — Aether Prithvi / Bhumi — Earth Ap / Jala — Water “The Four Elements” redirects here. ...

  Air  
Fire Aether Water
  Earth  

Chinese

Wood (木) | Fire (火)
Earth (土) |
Metal (金) | Water (水) Chinese Wood (木) | Fire (火) Earth (土) | Metal (金) | Water (æ°´) Hinduism and Buddhism Vayu / Pavan — Air / Wind Agni / Tejas — Fire Akasha — Aether Prithvi / Bhumi — Earth Ap / Jala — Water Air is one of the classical elements. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Chinese Wood (木) | Fire (火) | Earth (土) | Metal (金) | Water (æ°´) Hinduism and Buddhism The Pancha Mahabhuta (The Five Great Elements) Vayu/Pavan (Air/Wind) Agni/Tejas (Fire) Akasha (Aether) Prithvi/Bhumi (Earth) Ap/Jala (Water) Aether (also spelled ether) is a concept used in ancient and medieval science as a substance. ... Chinese Wood (木) | Fire (火) Earth (土) | Metal (金) | Water (æ°´) Japanese Earth (地) | Water (æ°´) | Fire (火) | Air / Wind (風) | Void / Sky / Heaven (空) Hinduism and Buddhism Vayu / Pavan — Air / Wind Agni / Tejas — Fire Akasha — Aether Prithvi / Bhumi — Earth Ap / Jala — Water Water has been important to all peoples of the earth, and it is rich in spiritual tradition. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... In Chinese alchemy, wood was one of the five elements. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Chinese Wood (木) | Fire (火) Earth (土) | Metal (金) | Water (æ°´) Japanese Earth (地) | Water (æ°´) | Fire (火) | Air / Wind (風) | Void / Sky / Heaven (空) Hinduism and Buddhism Vayu / Pavan — Air / Wind Agni / Tejas — Fire Akasha — Aether Prithvi / Bhumi — Earth Ap / Jala — Water Water has been important to all peoples of the earth, and it is rich in spiritual tradition. ...


Japanese

Earth (地) | Water (水) | Fire (火) |
Air / Wind (風) | Void / Sky / Heaven (空) This does not cite its references or sources. ... Chinese Wood (木) | Fire (火) Earth (土) | Metal (金) | Water (æ°´) Japanese Earth (地) | Water (æ°´) | Fire (火) | Air / Wind (風) | Void / Sky / Heaven (空) Hinduism and Buddhism Vayu / Pavan — Air / Wind Agni / Tejas — Fire Akasha — Aether Prithvi / Bhumi — Earth Ap / Jala — Water Water has been important to all peoples of the earth, and it is rich in spiritual tradition. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Chinese Wood (木) | Fire (火) Earth (土) | Metal (金) | Water (æ°´) Hinduism and Buddhism Vayu / Pavan — Air / Wind Agni / Tejas — Fire Akasha — Aether Prithvi / Bhumi — Earth Ap / Jala — Water Air is one of the classical elements. ... Look up Void on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Void can refer to: The absence of matter, a vacuum. ...


Hinduism and Buddhism

Vayu / PavanAir / Wind
Agni / TejasFire
AkashaAether
Prithvi / BhumiEarth
Ap / JalaWater According to the Indian school of Samkhya philosophy, the Tattva are a way of directly experiencing the 5 alchemical elements. ... Chinese Wood (木) | Fire (火) | Earth (土) | Metal (金) | Water (水) Hinduism and Buddhism The Panchamahabhuta or The Panchatattva (The Five Great Elements) Vayu/Pavan (Air/Wind) Agni/Tejas (Fire) Akasha (Aether) Prithvi/Bhumi (Earth) Ap/Jala (Water) Mahābhūta is Pāli for the Great Elements. ... Chinese Wood (木) | Fire (火) Earth (土) | Metal (金) | Water (水) Japanese Earth (地) | Water (水) | Fire (火) | Air / Wind (風) | Void / Sky / Heaven (空) Hinduism and Buddhism Vayu / Pavan — Air / Wind Agni / Tejas — Fire Akasha — Aether Prithvi / Bhumi — Earth Ap / Jala — Water In Hinduism, Vayu (Sanskrit वायु (properly transliterated as Vāyu), also known as Vāta वात, Pavana पवन, or Pr... Chinese Wood (木) | Fire (火) Earth (土) | Metal (金) | Water (水) Hinduism and Buddhism Vayu / Pavan — Air / Wind Agni / Tejas — Fire Akasha — Aether Prithvi / Bhumi — Earth Ap / Jala — Water Air is one of the classical elements. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Chinese Wood (木) | Fire (火) Earth (土) | Metal (金) | Water (水) Japanese Earth (地) | Water (水) | Fire (火) | Air / Wind (風) | Void / Sky / Heaven (空) Hinduism and Buddhism Vayu / Pavan — Air / Wind Agni / Tejas — Fire Akasha — Aether Prithvi / Bhumi — Earth Ap / Jala — Water Agni is a Hindu and Vedic deity. ... Tejas may refer to: Tejas and Jayhawk, the code name for a microprocessor developed by Intel. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Akasha is the Hindi/Sanskrit word meaning aether in both its elemental and mythological senses. ... Chinese Wood (木) | Fire (火) | Earth (土) | Metal (金) | Water (水) Hinduism and Buddhism The Pancha Mahabhuta (The Five Great Elements) Vayu/Pavan (Air/Wind) Agni/Tejas (Fire) Akasha (Aether) Prithvi/Bhumi (Earth) Ap/Jala (Water) Aether (also spelled ether) is a concept used in ancient and medieval science as a substance. ... Prithvi (pṛthivī) is the Hindu earth-god. ... In Hinduism, Bhumidevi, who may also be called Bhumi, is the goddess of the earth. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... Ap () is the Vedic Sanskrit term for water, in Classical Sanskrit occurring only in the plural, (sometimes re-analysed as a thematic singular, ), whence Hindi . ... Chinese Wood (木) | Fire (火) Earth (土) | Metal (金) | Water (水) Japanese Earth (地) | Water (水) | Fire (火) | Air / Wind (風) | Void / Sky / Heaven (空) Hinduism and Buddhism Vayu / Pavan — Air / Wind Agni / Tejas — Fire Akasha — Aether Prithvi / Bhumi — Earth Ap / Jala — Water Water has been important to all peoples of the earth, and it is rich in spiritual tradition. ...

In traditional Chinese philosophy, natural phenomena can be classified into the Five Elements (Chinese: 五行; Pinyin: wǔxíng): wood, fire, earth, metal, and water (木, 火, 土, 金, 水; mù, huǒ, tǔ, jīn, shǔi;). These elements were used for describing interactions and relationships between phenomena. Five phases is the more appropriate way of translating wǔxíng— literally, "five goings". Traditional Taijiquan schools relate them to footwork and refer to them as five "steps". The original foundation is based on the concept of the Five Cardinal Points. Yin Yang symbol and Ba gua paved in a clearing outside of Nanning City, Guangxi province, China. ... Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ), commonly called Pinyin, is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... In Chinese alchemy, wood was one of the five elements. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Chinese Wood (木) | Fire (火) Earth (土) | Metal (金) | Water (æ°´) Japanese Earth (地) | Water (æ°´) | Fire (火) | Air / Wind (風) | Void / Sky / Heaven (空) Hinduism and Buddhism Vayu / Pavan — Air / Wind Agni / Tejas — Fire Akasha — Aether Prithvi / Bhumi — Earth Ap / Jala — Water Water has been important to all peoples of the earth, and it is rich in spiritual tradition. ... Tai Chi Chuan or Taijiquan (from Chinese 太极拳 Tàijíquán, literally supreme ultimate fist), commonly known as Tai Chi or Taiji, is a nei chia (internal) Chinese martial art which is known for the claims of health and longevity benefits made by its... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

Contents

Cycles

Interactions of Five Chinese Elements - Cycles of Balance and Cycles of Imbalance
Interactions of Five Chinese Elements - Cycles of Balance and Cycles of Imbalance

The doctrine of five phases describes two Cycles of Balance, a generating or creation(生, shēng) cycle and an overcoming or destruction (克, ) cycle of interactions between the phases. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 528 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (634 × 720 pixel, file size: 74 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Chinese Five Elements Cycles of Balance: Creation (Sheng) Cycle Destruction (Ke) Cycle Cycles of Imbalance: Overacting (Cheng) Cycle Insulting (Wu) Cycle Author: Don Reynolds, March 2007... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 528 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (634 × 720 pixel, file size: 74 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Chinese Five Elements Cycles of Balance: Creation (Sheng) Cycle Destruction (Ke) Cycle Cycles of Imbalance: Overacting (Cheng) Cycle Insulting (Wu) Cycle Author: Don Reynolds, March 2007...


Generating

  • Wood feeds Fire;
  • Fire creates Earth (ash);
  • Earth bears Metal;
  • Metal collects Water and
  • Water nourishes Wood.

Overcoming

  • wood parts earth;
  • earth absorbs water;
  • water quenches fire;
  • fire melts metal and
  • metal chops wood

There are also two Cycles of Imbalance, an overacting cycle (cheng) and an insulting cycle (wu).

Five Chinese Elements - Diurnal Cycle
Five Chinese Elements - Diurnal Cycle

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 569 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (680 × 717 pixel, file size: 74 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Chinese Five Elements Diurnal Cycle I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 569 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (680 × 717 pixel, file size: 74 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Chinese Five Elements Diurnal Cycle I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ...

Circadian or Diurnal Cycle and other cycles

According to Chinese medical theory, each organ is associated with one of the Five Phases. It is believed to be more efficacious to treat an organ during a particular time period appropriate to it. The citation order of the Five Phases, i.e., the order in which they are cited in the Bo Hu Tong and other Han dynasty texts, is Metal, Wood, Water, Fire, and Earth. The organs are most effectively treated, according to theory, in the following four-hour periods throughout the day, beginning with the 3 a.m. to 7 a. m. period: Metal organs (see the list below), Earth organs, Fire1 organs, Water organs, Fire2 (the "non-empirical" Pericardium and Triple Burner organs), and Wood organs. which is the reverse of the citation order (plus an extra use of Fire and the non-empirical organs to take care of the sixth four-hour period of the day). These two orders are further related to the sequence of the planets going outward from the sun (Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, or Water, Metal, Fire, Wood, and Earth) by a star diagram similar to the one shown above. [1]


Correlations between the five elements and other categories

Five Elements Meridians

The doctrine of five phases was employed in many fields of early Chinese philosophy, including seemingly disparate fields such as music, traditional Chinese medicine, military strategy and martial arts. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... For other uses, see Music (disambiguation). ... Traditional Chinese medicine shop in Tsim Sha Tsui, Hong Kong. ... Military stratagem in the Battle of Waterloo. ... Hawaiian State Grappling Championships. ...


Chinese astrology

Element Wood Fire Earth Metal Water
Heavenly Stem Jia 甲
Yi 乙
Bing 丙
Ding 丁
Wu 戊
Ji 己
Geng 庚
Xin 辛
Ren 壬
Gui 癸
Birth year ends with 4, 5 6, 7 8, 9 0, 1 2, 3

For example, assume someone is born in the year 1953, the year of the Snake. Because her birth year ends with 3, her element is Water; therefore, she was born in the year of the Water Snake. The list of ten Heavenly Stems (天干; pinyin: tiāngān) was an enumeration of discrete entities, as in years and dates often employed in Chinese astrology. ...


Music

The Yuèlìng chapter (月令篇) of the Lǐjì (禮記) and the Huáinánzǐ (淮南子) make the following correlations:

Element Wood Fire Earth Metal Water
Colour Green Red Yellow White Blue
Direction east south center west north
The Chinese Five-note Scale jué 角 (mi) zhǐ 徵 (so) gōng 宮 (do) shāng 商 (re) 羽 (la)

(Notes: Color is an important part of the visual arts. ... Mossy, green fountain in Wattens, Austria. ... Red is any of a number of similar colors evoked by light consisting predominantly of the longest wavelengths of light discernible by the human eye, in the wavelength range of roughly 625–750 nm. ... A yellow Tulip. ... A white rose. ... YOU SUCK!!!!! ... The Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST, internally called HT-7U) is a project being undertaken to construct an experimental superconducting tokamak magnetic fusion energy reactor in Hefei, the capital city of Anhui Province, in eastern China. ... A compass rose with South highlighted South is most commonly a noun, adjective, or adverb indicating direction or geography. ... Look up Center in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A compass rose with west highlighted This article refers to the cardinal direction; for other uses see West (disambiguation). ... {{Otheruses4|north the direction}} [[Image:CompassRose16_N.png|thumb|250px|right|[[Compass rose]] with north highlighted and at top]] {{wiktionary}} <nowiki>North is o<nowiki>ne of the [[4 (numbe</nowiki> Block quote r)|four]] cardinal directions, specifically the direction that, in Western culture, is treated as the primary direction: north...

  • The Chinese word 青 qīng, traditionally translated as azure in this context, includes the range in the spectrum from green to blue, with shades down to black.)
  • In modern Western music, various seven note or five note scales (e.g., the major scale) are defined by selecting seven or five frequencies from the set of twelve semi-tones in the Equal tempered tuning. The Chinese "lǜ" tuning is closest to the ancient Greek tuning of Pythagoras. See Chinese musicology.)

Categories: Stub | Colors ... Equal temperament is a scheme of musical tuning in which the octave is divided into a series of equal steps (equal frequency ratios). ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ...

Chinese medicine and cosmology

Element Wood Fire Earth Metal Water
Direction east south center west north
Planet Jupiter Mars Saturn Venus Mercury
Zang (yin organs) liver heart/pericardium spleen/pancreas lung kidney
Fu (yang organs) gall bladder small intestine/San Jiao stomach large intestine urinary bladder
Emotion joy shock romantic love darkness calmness/fear
Finger index finger middle finger thumb ring finger little finger
Sensory organ eye tongue mouth nose ears
Sense sight speech taste smell hearing
Taste bitter sweet sour spicy salty
Heavenly creature Azure Dragon
青龙 or 青龍
Vermilion Bird
朱雀
Yellow Dragon or Yellow Qilin
黃龍 or 黃麟
White Tiger
白虎
Black Tortoise
玄武
Livestock dog sheep/goat cattle chicken pig
Fruit plum apricot jujube(dates) peach chestnut
Grain wheat beans rice hemp millet
Heavenly Stems , 乙 , , 己 , 辛 ,
Season Spring Summer Change of seasons
(Every third month)
Autumn Winter
Life birth youth adulthood old age death

Chinese Five Elements ChartInformation on the Chinese Five Elements from Northern Shaolin Academy in Microsoft Excel 2003 Format A compass rose showing the cardinal directions Cardinal directions or cardinal points are the four principal directions or points of the compass in plane. ... The Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST, internally called HT-7U) is a project being undertaken to construct an experimental superconducting tokamak magnetic fusion energy reactor in Hefei, the capital city of Anhui Province, in eastern China. ... A compass rose with South highlighted South is most commonly a noun, adjective, or adverb indicating direction or geography. ... Look up Center in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A compass rose with west highlighted This article refers to the cardinal direction; for other uses see West (disambiguation). ... The eight planets and three dwarf planets of the Solar System. ... Adjectives: Jovian Atmosphere Surface pressure: 20–200 kPa[4] (cloud layer) Composition: ~86% Molecular hydrogen ~13% Helium 0. ... Adjectives: Martian Atmosphere Surface pressure: 0. ... Adjectives: Saturnian Atmosphere Surface pressure: 140 kPa Composition: >93% hydrogen >5% helium 0. ... Adjectives: Venusian or (rarely) Cytherean Atmosphere Surface pressure: 9. ... This article is about the planet. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Taijitu, the traditional symbol representing the forces of yin and yang The dual concepts of yin and yang – or the single concept yin-yang – originate in ancient Chinese philosophy and metaphysics, which describe two primal opposing but complementary principles said to be found in all non-static objects and processes... The liver is an organ present in vertebrates and some other animals. ... The heart and lungs, from an older edition of Grays Anatomy. ... The pericardium is a double-walled sac that contains the heart and the roots of the great vessels. ... The spleen is an organ located the abdomen, where it functions in the destruction of old white blood cells and holding a reservoir of blood. ... The pancreas is an organ in the digestive and endocrine system (of vertebrates[2]). It is both exocrine (secreting pancreatic juice containing digestive enzymes) and endocrine (producing several important hormones, including insulin, glucagon, and somatostatin). ... Human respiratory system The lungs flank the heart and great vessels in the chest cavity. ... The kidneys are organs that filter wastes (such as urea) from the blood and excrete them, along with water, as urine. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Taijitu, the traditional symbol representing the forces of yin and yang The dual concepts of yin and yang – or the single concept yin-yang – originate in ancient Chinese philosophy and metaphysics, which describe two primal opposing but complementary principles said to be found in all non-static objects and processes... The gallbladder (or cholecyst) is a pear-shaped organ that stores bile (or gall) until the body needs it for digestion. ... In biology the small intestine is the part of the gastrointestinal tract (gut) between the stomach and the large intestine and includes the duodenum, jejunum, and the ileum. ... The San Jiao (三焦) is a traditional Chinese medical (TCM) concept of a functional organ that is not found outside of TCM (see Zang Fu theory). ... In anatomy, the stomach is a bean-shaped hollow muscular organ of the gastrointestinal tract involved in the second phase of digestion, following mastication. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Colon. ... In anatomy, the urinary bladder is a hollow, muscular, and distensible (or elastic) organ that sits on the pelvic floor in mammals. ... For other uses, see Emotion (disambiguation). ... Fingers of the human left hand A finger is a type of digit, an organ of manipulation and sensation found in the hands of humans and other primates. ... The Index finger The index finger, pointer finger or forefinger is the second digit of a human hand, located between the thumb and the middle finger. ... This article is about the vulgar gesture. ... // This digit is one of the five fingers (though the word finger can also refer exclusively to the non-thumb digits). ... The ring finger on this hand is extended. ... Little finger The little finger, called the pinky in American English from the Dutch word pink, meaning little finger, is the most ulnar and usually smallest finger of the human hand, opposite the thumb, next to the ring finger. ... In biology, an organ (Latin: organum, instrument, tool) is a group of tissues that perform a specific function or group of functions. ... // A human eye. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with mouth (human). ... For the article about nose in humans, see human nose Human nose in profile Elephants have prehensile noses Dogs have very sensitive noses Anatomically, a nose is a protuberance in vertebrates that houses the nostrils, or nares, which admit and expel air for respiration in conjunction with the mouth. ... For an alternative meaning, see ear (botany). ... Senses are the physiological methods of perception. ... Visual perception is one of the senses, consisting of the ability to detect light and interpret (see) it as the perception known as sight or naked eye vision. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Taste is one of the traditional five senses and refers to the ability to detect the flavor of foodstuffs and other substances (e. ... Young boy smelling a flower Olfaction, which is also known as Olfactics is the sense of smell, and the detection of chemicals dissolved in air. ... Hearing is the following: Hearing is the sense by which sound is perceived. ... The basic tastes are the commonly recognized types of taste sensed by humans. ... Bitter can refer to: Look up bitter in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up Sweet in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Human taste sensory organs, called taste buds or gustatory calyculi, and concentrated on the upper surface of the tongue, appear to be receptive to relatively few chemical species as tastes. ... External links Wikibooks Cookbook has more about this subject: Spice Food Bacteria-Spice Survey Shows Why Some Cultures Like It Hot Citat: ...Garlic, onion, allspice and oregano, for example, were found to be the best all-around bacteria killers (they kill everything). ... Human taste sensory organs, called taste buds or gustatory calyculi, and concentrated on the upper surface of the tongue, appear to be receptive to relatively few chemical species as tastes. ... Chinese constellations are different from the western constellations, due to the independent development of ancient Chinese astronomy. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... The Vermilion Bird (Chinese: ; pinyin: ZhÅ« Què) is one of the Four Symbols of the Chinese constellations. ... A qilin of the Qing dynasty – note the antlers, closer in style to the Japanese version (Kirin) A painting by the court artist depicting one of Zheng Hes giraffes in 1414. ... The White Tiger (Chinese: ; pinyin: Bái HÇ”) is one of the Four Symbols of the Chinese constellations. ... The Black Tortoise (Chinese: ; pinyin: Xuán WÇ”, literally Black Warrior) is one of the Four Symbols of the Chinese constellations. ... Sheep are commonly bred as livestock. ... Trinomial name Canis lupus familiaris The dog (Canis lupus familiaris) is a domestic subspecies of the wolf, a mammal of the Canidae family of the order Carnivora. ... Species See text. ... Species See Species and subspecies The goat is a mammal in the genus Capra, which consists of nine species: the Ibex, the West Caucasian Tur, the East Caucasian Tur, the Markhor, and the Wild Goat. ... Binomial name Bos taurus Linnaeus, 1758 Cattle (often called cows in vernacular and contemporary usage, or kye as the Scots plural of cou) are domesticated ungulates, a member of the subfamily Bovinae of the family Bovidae. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... For other uses, see Fruit (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that Prune (fruit) be merged into this article or section. ... Binomial name Prunus armeniaca L. For other uses, see Apricot (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Ziziphus zizyphus (L.) H. Karst. ... Binomial name Prunus persica (L.) Batsch Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... Species Castanea alnifolia - Bush Chinkapin* Castanea crenata - Japanese Chestnut Castanea dentata - American Chestnut Castanea henryi - Henrys Chestnut Castanea mollissima - Chinese Chestnut Castanea ozarkensis - Ozark Chinkapin Castanea pumila - Allegheny Chinkapin Castanea sativa - Sweet Chestnut Castanea seguinii - Seguins Chestnut * treated as a synonym of by many authors Chestnut (Castanea), including... The word grain has several meanings, most being descriptive of a small piece or particle. ... Species T. aestivum T. boeoticum T. compactum T. dicoccoides T. dicoccon T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta T. sphaerococcum T. timopheevii References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 For the indie rock group see: Wheat (band). ... This article is on the plant. ... Species Oryza glaberrima Oryza sativa Brown basmati rice Terrace of paddy fields in Yunnan Province, southern China. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Pearl millet in the field The millets are a group of small-seeded species of cereal crops, widely grown around the world for food and fodder. ... The ten heavenly stems (Chinese: 天干; pinyin: ) or ten stems (Chinese: 十干; pinyin: ) are an ancient Chinese cyclic numeral system. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Winter is one of the four seasons of temperate zones. ... For other uses, see Life (disambiguation). ... Birth is the process in animals by which an offspring is shot out from the body of its mama. ... For other uses, see Youth (disambiguation) Youth is defined by Websters New World Dictionary as, The time of life when one is young; especially: a: the period between childhood and maturity b: the early period of existence, growth, or development. ... See Adult. ... 79 year old man (Paul Kruger in later life) For the song by Hole and Nirvana, see Old Age. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Bagua

The elements have also been correlated to the eight trigrams of the I Ching: This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Alternative meaning: I Ching (monk) The I Ching (Traditional Chinese: &#26131;&#32147;, pinyin y j&#299;ng; Cantonese IPA: j&#618;k6g&#618;&#331;1; Cantonese Jyutping: jik6ging1; alternative romanizations include I Jing, Yi Ching, Yi King) is the oldest of the Chinese classic texts. ...

Element Wood Fire Earth Metal Water
I Ching Wind, thunder Fire Earth, mountain Sky, lake Water
Trigrams :|| (☴ 巽 xùn) |:: (☳ 震 zhèn) |:| (☲ 離 ) ::: (☷ 坤 kūn) ::| (☶ 艮 gèn) ||| (☰ 乾 qián) ||: (☱ 兌 duì) :|: (☵ 坎 kǎn)

Martial arts

Xingyi

Xingyiquan uses the five elements to metaphorically represent five different states of combat.

Element Fist Chinese Pinyin Description
Wood Crushing Bēng Arrows constantly exploding forward.
Fire Pounding Pào Exploding outward like a cannon while blocking.
Earth Crossing Héng Crossing across the line of attack while turning over.
Metal Splitting Like an axe chopping up and over.
Water Drilling Zuān Drilling forward horizontally like a geyser.

Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ), commonly called Pinyin, is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ...

See also

Music of China appears to date back to the dawn of Chinese civilization, and documents and artifacts provide evidence of a well-developed musical culture as early as the Zhou Dynasty (1122 BC _ 256 BC). ... The five elements (五大, Godai, lit. ... Several ancient Classical Element ideas exist. ... Xingyiquan is one of the three major internal Chinese martial arts—the other two being Tai Chi Chüan and Baguazhang—and is characterised by aggressive, seemingly linear movements and explosive power. ... For other uses of the term, see Pushing Hands Pushing hands, (推手, Wade-Giles tui1 shou3, pinyin tuī shǒu), is a name for two-person training routines practiced in internal Chinese martial arts such as Pa Kua Chang (Baguazhang), Hsing-i Chuan (Xingyiquan), Tai Chi Chuan... Qi, also commonly spelled chi (in Wade-Giles romanization) or ki (in romanized Japanese), is a fundamental concept of traditional Chinese culture. ... A woman performs a Qigong routine outdoors. ... A commonly used version of the Taijitu The Taijitu of Zhou Dun-yi. ... This article is about the Chinese character and the philosophy it represents. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... F&#275;ng Shu&#464; (&#39080;&#27700; &#8211; literally, wind and water pronounced fung shuway), which may be more than 3000 years old, is the ancient practice of placement to achieve harmony with the environment. ...

Bibliography

  • Feng Youlan (Yu-lan Fung), A History of Chinese Philosophy, volume 2, p. 13
  • Joseph Needham, Science and Civilization in China, volume 2, pp. 262-23
  • Maciocia, G. 2005, The Foundations of Chinese Medicine, 2nd edn, Elsevier Ltd., London

Feng Youlan (Simplified Chinese: 冯友兰; Traditional Chinese: 馮友蘭; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Feng Yu-lan; also: Fung Yu-Lan; 1895–1990) was a Chinese philosopher who was important for reintroducing the study of Chinese philosophy. ... Joseph Terence Montgomery Needham (December 9, 1900 – March 24, 1995) was a British biochemist and pre-eminent authority on the history of Chinese science. ...

References

  1. ^ See 5 Xing in Citation Order.

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Five elements - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (144 words)
The five elements usually refer to wood, fire, earth, metal, and water in East Asian philosophy.
Five elements (Chinese philosophy), the basis of the universe according to Chinese Taoism
Five elements (Japanese philosophy), the basis of the universe according to Japanese philosophy
Five elements (Chinese philosophy) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (320 words)
In traditional Chinese philosophy, natural phenomena can be classified into the Five Elements (Chinese: 五行; Pinyin: wǔxíng): wood, fire, earth, metal, and water (木, 火, 土, 金, 水; mù, huǒ, tǔ, jīn, shǔi).
The doctrine of five phases was employed in many fields of early Chinese philosophy, including seemingly disparate fields such as music, traditional Chinese medicine, and military strategy.
Five Element Information Five Element interrelationships, concordances and causative factors.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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