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Encyclopedia > Fishery

A fishery (plural: fisheries) is an organized effort by humans to catch fish or other aquatic species, an activity known as fishing. Generally, a fishery exists for the purpose of providing human food, although other aims are possible (such as sport or recreational fishing), or obtaining ornamental fish or fish products such as fish oil. Industrial fisheries are fisheries where the catch is not intended for direct human consumption (Castro and Huber 2003). A lobster boat bringing its catch back to Ilfracombe harbour, North Devon, England. ... A lobster boat bringing its catch back to Ilfracombe harbour, North Devon, England. ... For other uses, see Fish (disambiguation). ... Fishing is the activity of hunting for fish by hooking, trapping, or gathering. ... Fishing is the activity of hunting for fish by hooking, trapping, or gathering. ... “Aquaria” redirects here. ... Fish Oil is oil derived from fishes. ... Salmon for sale at a fish market. ...


The fishing effort is generally centered on either a particular ecoregion or a particular species or type of fish or aquatic animal, and usually fisheries are differentiated by both criteria. Examples would be the salmon fishery of Alaska, the cod fishery off the Lofoten islands or the tuna fishery of the Eastern Pacific. Most fisheries are marine, rather than freshwater; most marine fisheries are based near the coast. This is not only because harvesting from relatively shallow waters is easier than in the open ocean, but also because fish are much more abundant near the coastal shelf, due to coastal upwelling and the abundance of nutrients available there. An ecoregion, sometimes called a bioregion, is a relatively large area of land or water that contains a geographically distinct assemblage of natural communities. ... Illustration of a male Coho Salmon The Chinook or King Salmon is the largest salmon in North America and can grow to 1. ... Official language(s) None[1] Spoken language(s) English 85. ... The Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua, is a well-known food fish belonging to the family Gadidae. ... Reine, Lofoten, seen from top of Reinebringen (June, 2003). ... For other uses, see Tuna (disambiguation). ... “Pacific” redirects here. ... Sea water is water from a sea or ocean. ... For the village on the Isle of Wight, see Freshwater, Isle of Wight. ... For other uses, see Coast (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Coast (disambiguation). ... Upwelling is an oceanographic phenomenon that involves wind-driven motion of dense, cooler, and usually nutrient-rich water towards the ocean surface, replacing the warmer, usually nutrient-depleted surface water. ... Nutrients and the body A nutrient is any element or compound necessary for or contributing to an organisms metabolism, growth, or other functioning. ...

Fishing nets on a shrimp boat - Ostend, Belgium
Fishing nets on a shrimp boat - Ostend, Belgium

Contents

Download high resolution version (1280x960, 673 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Fishery Wikipedia:Featured picture candidates Fishing net Wikipedia:Featured picture candidates/Fishing nets Categories: Wikipedia featured picture candidates ... Download high resolution version (1280x960, 673 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Fishery Wikipedia:Featured picture candidates Fishing net Wikipedia:Featured picture candidates/Fishing nets Categories: Wikipedia featured picture candidates ... Superfamilies Alpheoidea Atyoidea Bresilioidea Campylonotoidea Crangonoidea Galatheacaridoidea Nematocarcinoidea Oplophoroidea Palaemonoidea Pandaloidea Pasiphaeoidea Procaridoidea Processoidea Psalidopodoidea Stylodactyloidea True shrimp are swimming, decapod crustaceans classified in the infraorder Caridea, found widely around the world in both fresh and salt water. ... The esplanade with the Thermae Palace, the former Royal Residence and the casino For other uses, see Ostend (disambiguation). ...

Fisheries historically

Egyptians bringing in fish, and splitting for salting
Egyptians bringing in fish, and splitting for salting

One of the world’s longest lasting trade histories is the trade of dry cod from the Lofoten area to the southern parts of Europe, Italy, Spain and Portugal. The trade in cod started during the Viking period or before, has been going on for more than 1000 years and is still important. Image File history File links Egyptian_fishery3. ... Image File history File links Egyptian_fishery3. ... Stockfish Cod has been an important economic commodity in an international market since the Viking period (around 1000 AC). ... Reine, Lofoten, seen from top of Reinebringen (June, 2003). ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Viking (disambiguation). ...


In India, the Pandyas, a classical Dravidian Tamil kingdom, were known for the pearl fishery as early as the 1st century BC. Their seaport Tuticorin was known for deep sea pearl fishing. The paravas, a Tamil caste centred in Tuticorin, developed a rich community because of their pearl trade, navigation knowledge and fisheries. The Pandyan kingdom was an ancient state at the tip of South India, founded around the 6th century BCE. It was part of the Dravidian cultural area, which also comprised other kingdoms such as that of the Pallava, the Chera, the Chola, the Chalukya and the Vijayanagara. ... The Dravidian Race is the name sometimes still given to the peoples of southern and central India and northern Sri Lanka who speak Dravidian languages, the best known of which are Tamil (தமிழ்), Telugu (తెలుగు), Kannada and Malayalam. ... Languages Tamil Religions Hinduism, Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, Jainism Related ethnic groups Dravidian people Brahui people Kannadigas Malayalis Tamils Telugus Tuluvas Gonds The Tamil people are a multi-ethnic group from the Indian subcontinent with a recorded history going back more than two millennia. ... Thoothukudi (தூத்துக்குடி in Tamil), also known as Tuticorin is a city and district in Tamil Nadu, India. ... Pearl hunting refers to a now largely obsolete method of retreiving pearls from oysters. ... Conversion of paravas by Francis Xavier, in a 19th-century colored lithograph Parava or Paravas, also known as Bharathar, Paravar is one of the oldest Tamil castes. ...


Fisheries in the present day

Fishing boat deck with white hake, 1936

Today, fisheries are estimated to provide 16% of the world population's protein, and that figure is considerably elevated in some developing nations and in regions that depend heavily on the sea. Fishery with white hake from the Northeast Fisheries Science Center (NOAA): http://www. ... Fishery with white hake from the Northeast Fisheries Science Center (NOAA): http://www. ... A representation of the 3D structure of myoglobin, showing coloured alpha helices. ... A developing country is a country with low average income compared to the world average. ...


According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, total world capture fisheries production in 2000 was 86 million tons (FAO 2002). The top producing countries were, in order, the People's Republic of China (excluding Hong Kong and Taiwan), Peru, Japan, the United States, Chile, Indonesia, Russia, India, Thailand, Norway and Iceland. Those countries accounted for more than half of the world's production; China alone accounted for a third of the world's production. Of that production, over 90% was marine and less than 10% was inland. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger. ... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ...


There are large and important fisheries worldwide for various species of fish, mollusks and crustaceans. However, a very small number of species support the majority of the world’s fisheries. Some of these species are herring, cod, anchovy, tuna, flounder, mullet, squid, shrimp, salmon, crab, lobster, oyster and scallops. All except these last four provided a worldwide catch of well over a million tonnes in 1999, with herring and sardines together providing a catch of over 22 million metric tons in 1999. Many other species as well are fished in smaller numbers. Classes Caudofoveata Aplacophora Polyplacophora Monoplacophora Bivalvia Scaphopoda Gastropoda Cephalopoda † Rostroconchia The mollusks or molluscs are the large and diverse phylum Mollusca, which includes a variety of familiar creatures well-known for their decorative shells or as seafood. ... For the Dutch band, see Crustacean (band). ... Species Clupea alba Clupea bentincki Clupea caspiopontica Clupea chrysotaenia Clupea elongata Clupea halec Clupea harengus Clupea inermis Clupea leachii Clupea lineolata Clupea minima Clupea mirabilis Clupea pallasii Clupea sardinacaroli Clupea sulcata Herrings are small oily fish of the genus Clupea found in the shallow, temperate waters of the North Atlantic... the world is coming to the end!!!!! cod is going to eat up alive and do us hard up the emmm. ... {{Taxobox classis = Actinopterygii | ordo = Clupeiformes | familia = Engraulidae | subdivision_ranks = Genera | subdivision = Amazonsprattus Anchoa Anchovia Anchiovella Cetengraulis Coilia Encrasicholina Engraulis Jurengraulis Lycengraulis Lycothrissa Papuengraulis Pterengraulis Setipinna Stolephorus Thryssa }} The anchovies are a family large but uncommon schooling saltwater plankton-feeding fish. ... For other uses, see Tuna (disambiguation). ... Flounder or flukes are flatfish that live in ocean waters ie. ... Genera Agonostomus Aldrichetta Cestraeus Cahaenomugil Chelon Crenimugil Joturus Liza Moolgarda Mugil Myxus Neomyxus Oedalechilus Rhinomugil Sicamugil Valaomugil Xenomugil The mullets are a family (Mugilidae) of ray-finned fish found worldwide in coastal temperate and tropical waters, and in some species in fresh water also. ... Suborders †Plesioteuthididae (incertae sedis) Myopsina Oegopsina Squid are a large, diverse group of marine cephalopods. ... Superfamilies Alpheoidea Atyoidea Bresilioidea Campylonotoidea Crangonoidea Galatheacaridoidea Nematocarcinoidea Oplophoroidea Palaemonoidea Pandaloidea Pasiphaeoidea Procaridoidea Processoidea Psalidopodoidea Stylodactyloidea True shrimp are swimming, decapod crustaceans classified in the infraorder Caridea, found widely around the world in both fresh and salt water. ... Illustration of a male Coho Salmon The Chinook or King Salmon is the largest salmon in North America and can grow to 1. ... Superfamilies Dromiacea Homolodromioidea Dromioidea Homoloidea Eubrachyura Raninoidea Cyclodorippoidea Dorippoidea Calappoidea Leucosioidea Majoidea Hymenosomatoidea Parthenopoidea Retroplumoidea Cancroidea Portunoidea Bythograeoidea Xanthoidea Bellioidea Potamoidea Pseudothelphusoidea Gecarcinucoidea Cryptochiroidea Pinnotheroidea * Ocypodoidea * Grapsoidea * An asterisk (*) marks the crabs included in the clade Thoracotremata. ... Subfamilies and Genera Neophoberinae Acanthacaris Thymopinae Nephropsis Nephropides Thymops Thymopsis Nephropinae Homarus Nephrops Homarinus Metanephrops Eunephrops Thymopides Clawed lobsters comprise a family (Nephropidae, sometimes also Homaridae) of large marine crustaceans. ... For other uses, see Oyster (disambiguation). ... Genera See text. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A tonne or metric ton (symbol t), sometimes referred to as a metric tonne, is a measurement of mass equal to 1,000 kilograms. ... Species Clupea alba Clupea bentincki Clupea caspiopontica Clupea chrysotaenia Clupea elongata Clupea halec Clupea harengus Clupea inermis Clupea leachii Clupea lineolata Clupea minima Clupea mirabilis Clupea pallasii Clupea sardinacaroli Clupea sulcata Herrings are small oily fish of the genus Clupea found in the shallow, temperate waters of the North Atlantic... Sardines in the Pacific An open Sardines can Sardines on a plate grilled Sardines For the hide and seek-like game, see Hide and seek. ...


Methods

A fishery can consist of one man with a small boat hand-casting nets, to a huge fleet of trawlers processing tons of fish per day. Some techniques are (bottom-) trawling, seining, driftnetting, handlining, longlining, gillnetting, dragging, tiling, and diving. For other uses, see Boat (disambiguation). ... The Celtic Explorer, a research vessel engaged in bottom trawling Bottom trawling (known in the scientific community as Benthic trawling) is a fishing method which involves towing trawl nets along the sea floor, as opposed to pelagic trawling, where a net is towed higher in the water column. ... // Trawling Trawling is a method of fishing that involves actively pulling a fishing net through the water behind one or more boats, called trawlers. ... Fishing with a cast net. ... Drift nets are nets used in oceans. ... Handlining is one of the oldest forms of fishing and is still common. ... Long-line fishing is a commercial fishing technique that uses hundreds or even thousands of baited hooks hanging from a single line. ... Oil painting of gillnetting, The salmon fisher by Eilif Peterssen. ... Diving in the sense of going underwater, has these purposes. ...


Fisheries and communities

For communities, fisheries provide not only a source of food and work but also a community and cultural identity. [2] A community is a social group of organisms sharing an environment, normally with shared interests. ... For other uses, see Culture (disambiguation). ...

Salmon Fishery in Puget Sound, WA., no date

This shows up in art, literature, and traditions. Salmon Fishery, Puget Sound, no date from the University of Washington Marine and Freshwater image bank. ... Salmon Fishery, Puget Sound, no date from the University of Washington Marine and Freshwater image bank. ... Illustration of a male Coho Salmon The Chinook or King Salmon is the largest salmon in North America and can grow to 1. ... Puget Sound For the university in this region, see University of Puget Sound. ... This article is about the philosophical concept of Art. ... Old book bindings at the Merton College library. ... For the opening number of Fiddler on the Roof, see Tradition (song). ...


Fisheries science

Fisheries scientists sorting a catch of small fish and langoustine.
Fisheries scientists sorting a catch of small fish and langoustine.

Fisheries science is the academic discipline of managing and understanding fisheries. It draws on the disciplines of biology, ecology, oceanography, economics and management to attempt to provide an integrated picture of fisheries. It is typically taught in a university setting, and can be the focus of an undergraduate, master's or Ph.D. program. In some cases new disciplines have emerged, as in the case of bioeconomics. A few universities also offer fully integrated programs in fisheries science. Image File history File linksMetadata Fish_sorting. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Fish_sorting. ... Biology studies the variety of life (clockwise from top-left) E. coli, tree fern, gazelle, Goliath beetle Biology (from Greek: βίος, bio, life; and λόγος, logos, knowledge), also referred to as the biological sciences, is the study of living organisms utilizing the scientific method. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Thermohaline circulation Oceanography (from Ocean + Greek γράφειν = write), also called oceanology or marine science, is the branch of Earth Sciences that studies the Earths oceans and seas. ... ‹ The template below is being considered for deletion. ... For other uses, see Management (disambiguation). ... Representation of a university class, 1350s. ... In some educational systems, undergraduate education is post-secondary education up to the level of a Bachelors degree. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Doctor of Philosophy, abbreviated Ph. ... Bioeconomics is a field of resource economics including the dynamics of living resources in economical modelling. ...


See also: International Council for the Exploration of the Sea The International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) was established in 1902 by eight northern European nations. ...


Important issues and topics in fisheries

There are many environmental issues surrounding fishing. These can be classed into issues that involve the availability of fish to be caught, such as overfishing, sustainable fisheries, and fisheries management; and issues surrounding the impact of fishing on the environment, such as by-catch. These fishery conservation issues are generally considered part of marine conservation, and many of these issues are addressed in fisheries science programs. There is an apparent and growing disparity between the availability of fish to be caught and humanity’s desire to catch them, a problem that is exacerbated by the rapidly growing world population. As with some other environmental issues, often the people engaged in the activity of fishing – the fishers – and the scientists who study fisheries science, who are often acting as fishery managers, are in conflict with each other, as the dictates of economics mean that fishers have to keep fishing for their livelihood, but the dictates of sustainable science mean that some fisheries must close or reduce to protect the health of the population of the fish themselves. It is starting to be realized, however, that these two camps must work together to ensure fishery health through the 21st century and beyond. × The Traffic Light colour convention, showing the concept of Harvest Control Rule (HCR), specifying when a rebuilding plan is mandatory in terms of precautionary and limit reference points for spawning biomass and fishing mortality rate. ... Overfishing is a situation where one or more fish stocks are reduced below predefined levels of acceptance by fishing activities. ... Fisheries management is today often referred to as a governmental system of management rules based on defined objectives and a mix of management means to implement the rules, which is put in place by a system of monitoring, control, and surveillance (MCS). ... In fisheries science, by-catch refers to species caught in a fishery intended to target another species, as well as reproductively-immature juveniles of the target species. ... Marine conservation, also known as marine resources conservation, is the protection and preservation of ecosystems in oceans and seas. ... Map of countries by population — China and India, the only two countries to have a population greater than one billion, together possess more than a third of the worlds population. ... For the psychology topic, see Environmental psychology. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Earth Day flag includes a NASA photo. ...


The cover story of the May 15, 2003 issue of the science journal Nature – with Dr. Ransom A. Myers, an internationally prominent fisheries biologist (Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada) as the lead author – was devoted to a summary of the scientific information. The story asserted that, as compared with 1950 levels, only a remnant (in some instances, as little as 10%) of all large ocean-fish stocks are left in the seas. These large ocean fish are the species at the top of the food chains (e.g., tuna, cod, among others). However, this article was subsequently criticized as being fundamentally flawed, although much debate still exists (Walters 2003; Hampton et al. 2005; Maunder et al. 2006; Polacheck 2006;Sibert et al. 2006) and the majority of fisheries scientists now consider the results irrelevant with respect to large pelagics (the open seas).[1] Nature is one of the most prominent scientific journals, first published on 4 November 1869. ... Dr. Ransom A. Myers known as Ram (actually ; born 13 June 1952 in Lula, Mississippi, died 27 March 2007 in Halifax, Nova Scotia) was a world renowned marine biologist and conservationist. ... The pelagic zone is the part of the open sea or ocean comprising the water column, i. ...


In mid October 2006, U.S. President Bush joined other world leaders calling for a moratorium on deep-sea trawling, a practice shown to often have harmful effects on sea habitat, hence on fish populations. // Trawling Trawling is a method of fishing that involves actively pulling a fishing net through the water behind one or more boats, called trawlers. ...


The journal Science published a four-year study in November 2006, which predicted that, at prevailing trends, the world would run out of wild-caught seafood in 2048. The scientists stated that the decline was a result of overfishing, pollution and other environmental factors that were reducing the population of fisheries at the same time as their ecosystems were being degraded. Yet again the analysis has met criticism as being fundamentally flawed, and many fishery management officials, industry representatives and scientists challenge the findings, although the debate continues. Many countries, such as Tonga, the United States, Australia and New Zealand, and international management bodies have taken steps to appropriately manage marine resources.[2][3] Science is the journal of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). ... Spaghetti with seafood (Spaghetti allo scoglio). ... × The Traffic Light colour convention, showing the concept of Harvest Control Rule (HCR), specifying when a rebuilding plan is mandatory in terms of precautionary and limit reference points for spawning biomass and fishing mortality rate. ... It has been suggested that Pollutant be merged into this article or section. ...


For further information

The literature on fisheries—both scientific and popular—is vast. The literature is subdivided into dozens of topics, from fishing gear design, to the impact of fish biology and oceanography on fisheries, to how to most effectively manage fisheries. Some well known journals about fisheries are Fisheries, Fisheries Oceanography, Fishery Bulletin, and The Canadian Journal of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences. In addition, many countries have their own regional journals. This article is about the magazine as a published medium. ...


References

Cited

  1. ^ Changes in the Biomass of Large Pelagic Predators [1]
  2. ^ Worm, Boris, et al. (2006-11-03). "Impacts of Biodiversity Loss on Ocean Ecosystem Services". Science 314 (5800): 787 - 790. DOI:10.1126/science.1132294. Retrieved on 2006-11-04. 
  3. ^ Juliet Eilperin (2 November 2006). "Seafood Population Depleted by 2048, Study Finds". The Washington Post.

A digital object identifier (or DOI) is a standard for persistently identifying a piece of intellectual property on a digital network and associating it with related data, the metadata, in a structured extensible way. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Washington Post is the largest newspaper in Washington, D.C.. It is also one of the citys oldest papers, having been founded in 1877. ...

General

  • Castro, P. and M. Huber. (2003). Marine Biology. 4th ed. Boston: McGraw Hill.
  • Hampton, J., Sibert, J. R., Kleiber, P., Maunder, M. N., and Harley, S. J. 2005. Changes in abundance of large pelagic predators in the Pacific Ocean. Nature, 434: E2-E3.
  • Maunder, M.N., Sibert, J.R. Fonteneau, A., Hampton, J., Kleiber, P., and Harley, S. 2006. Interpreting catch-per-unit-of-effort data to asses the status of individual stocks and communities. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 63: 1373-1385.
  • Myers, Ransom and Boris Worm. (May 15, 2003). "Rapid worldwide depletion of predatory fish communities," Nature, Vol 423. London: Nature Publishing.
  • Polacheck, T. 2006. "Tuna longline catch rates in the Indian Ocean: did industrial fishing result in a 90% rapid decline in the abundance of large predatory species?" Marine Policy, 30: 470-482.
  • FAO Fisheries Department. (2002). The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
  • Sibert, et al. 2006. Biomass, Size, and Trophic Status of Top Predators in the Pacific Ocean Science 314: 1773
  • Walters, C. J. 2003. Folly and fantasy in the analysis of spatial catch rate data. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 60: 1433-1436.
  • Pelagic Fisheries Research Program
  • International Collective in Support of Fishworkers website
  • United Nations conference in criticism of deep-sea trawling
  • Bush backs international deep-sea trawling moratorium
  • Re-interpreting the Fisheries Crisis seminar by Prof. Ray Hilborn

See also

It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Population dynamics. ... Workers harvest catfish from the Delta Pride Catfish farms in Mississippi General Agribusiness · Agriculture Agricultural science · Agronomy Animal husbandry Challenges of industrial farming Extensive farming Factory farming · Free range Green Revolution History of agriculture Industrial agriculture Industrial agriculture (animals) Industrial agriculture (crops) Intensive farming · Organic farming Permaculture Sustainable agriculture Zero... The conservation ethic is an ethic of resource use, allocation, exploitation, and protection. ... The Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO), also referred to as Fisheries and Oceans Canada (Pêches et Océans Canada), is the department within the government of Canada with responsibility for the management and safety of Canadas waters. ... Earthwatch Institute is an international non-profit organization that was founded in 1971 near Boston (USA). ... A coral reef near the Hawaiian islands is an example of a complex marine ecosystem. ... Subsistence fishing in Bangladesh. ... For other uses, see Fish (disambiguation). ... A demonstration aquaculture facility Fish farming is the principal form of aquaculture. ... Fish as a food describes the edible parts of water-dwelling, cold-blooded vertebrates with gills, as well as certain other water-dwelling animals such as mollusks, crustaceans, and shellfish. ... Fishing is the activity of hunting for fish by hooking, trapping, or gathering. ... Fishing Capacity is a problem in fisheries management. ... Egyptians bringing in fish, and splitting for salting In fishing industry, fish processing or fish products industry refers to processing fish delivered by fisheries, which are the supplier of the fish products industry. ... Global Ocean Ecosystem Dynamics (GLOBEC) is the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP) core project responsible for understanding how global change will affect the abundance, diversity and productivity of marine populations. ... A hatchery is a man-made farm for fish, used to cultivate and breed a large number of fish in a enclosed environment regulary as oppose to going out and finding the fish naturally. ... The International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) was established in 1902 by eight northern European nations. ... Marine conservation, also known as marine resources conservation, is the protection and preservation of ecosystems in oceans and seas. ... Marine ecosystems are part of the earths aquatic ecosystem. ... The term Marine Protected Area is often used as an umbrella term covering a wide range of marine areas with some level of restriction to protect living, non-living, cultural, and/or historic resources. ... In population ecology, maximum sustainable yield or MSY is the largest long-term average yield/catch that can be taken from a species stock without depressing the species ability to reproduce. ... Founded in 1973 by fishermen, the National Coalition for Marine Conservation (NCMC) is the USAs oldest public advocacy group dedicated exclusively to conserving ocean fish and their environment. ... Thermohaline circulation Oceanography (from Ocean + Greek γράφειν = write), also called oceanology or marine science, is the branch of Earth Sciences that studies the Earths oceans and seas. ... Project AWARE is a non-profit, worldwide, organization dedicated to Conserving underwater environments through education, advocacy and action. ... World Ocean Day began on 8 June 1992 at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Fishery - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1264 words)
Industrial fisheries are fisheries where the catch is not intended for direct human consumption (Castro and Huber 2003).
Regardless of purpose, however, the term fishery generally refers to a fishing effort centered on either a particular ecoregion or a particular species or type of fish or aquatic animal, and usually fisheries are differentiated by both criteria.
Today, fisheries are estimated to provide 16% of the world population's protein, and that figure is considerably elevated in some developing nations and in regions that depend heavily on the sea.
Fly Fishing Mid Wales, Trout, Grayling, Vyrnwy (1242 words)
The Glyndwr Fishery on the River Vyrnwy is situated in unspoilt seclusion in the Welsh Borders at Dolanog.
It is ideal for the discerning fly fisherman for whom the nature of his surroundings is as important as the wild fish that he catches, and for whom the ultimate delight is to escape from the mundane world and and lose himself in a day's fishing in a hidden valley of outstanding beauty.
This is at the upstream end of the Fishery, and begins as a single left bank stretch directly below the bridge at Mill Farm, and runs for approximately 215 yards to the first bend.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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