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Encyclopedia > FishBase

FishBase is a comprehensive database of information about fish. As of October 2006, it included descriptions of over 29,400 species, over 222,300 common names in hundreds of languages, over 42,600 pictures, and references to more than 38,600 works in the scientific literature. The term or expression database originated within the computer industry. ... A giant grouper at the Georgia Aquarium Fish are aquatic vertebrates that are typically cold-blooded; covered with scales, and equipped with two sets of paired fins and several unpaired fins. ... In biology, a species is one of the basic units of biodiversity. ... It has been suggested that Trivial name be merged into this article or section. ... Scientific literature is the totality of publications that report original empirical and theoretical work in the sciences and social sciences. ...

Contents

Overview

In 1987, Daniel Pauly, inspired by the Species Identification Sheets and other products of Walter Fischer for the Food and Agriculture Organization in the 1970s, proposed a standardized database for fish species, as a part of the "ICLARM Software Project". The following year, he began to work with Rainer Froese, who had been working on an expert system to identify fish larvae. After an abortive attempt to build a system using Prolog, Froese switched to DataEase, a relational database for DOS. In 1989 the project received its first grant. 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Dr. Daniel Pauly is a Professor and Director of the Fisheries Centre. ... The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger. ... The WorldFish Center (originally International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management or ICLARM) is an international research center specializing in fisheries and related aquatic resources. ... An expert system, also known as a knowledge based system, is a computer program that contains some of the subject-specific knowledge of one or more human experts. ... Prolog is a logic programming language. ... DataEase (Soimetimes known as DataMaster), was one of the first relational database packages developed for MS-DOS. The first version, DataEase 1. ... A relational database is a database that conforms to the relational model, and refers to a databases data and schema (the databases structure of how that data is arranged). ... ‹ The template below has been proposed for deletion. ...


In 1993 the project switched to Microsoft Access, and 1995 the first CD-ROM was released as "FishBase 100". Its initial reviews in scientific journals lauded the scope but criticized the many gaps in coverage. Subsequent CD releases have come close to annually, with the FishBase 2004 release needing five CDs, or one DVD. The software needs Windows 98 or later, and is not available on any other computer platform such as Mac OS X or Linux. Microsoft Access (current full name Microsoft Office Access) is a relational database management system from Microsoft, packaged with Microsoft Office Professional, and as a standalone product, which combines the relational Microsoft Jet Database Engine with a graphical user interface. ... The CD-ROM (an abbreviation for Compact Disc Read-Only Memory (ROM)) is a non-volatile optical data storage medium using the same physical format as audio compact discs, readable by a computer with a CD-ROM drive. ... Windows 98 (codenamed Memphis) is a graphical operating system released on June 25, 1998 by Microsoft and the successor to Windows 95. ... Mac OS X (official IPA pronunciation: ) is a line of proprietary, graphical operating systems developed, marketed, and sold by Apple Inc. ... Linux (IPA pronunciation: ) is a Unix-like computer operating system family. ...


FishBase first appeared on the World Wide Web in August 1996, and a webmaster was hired in the following year. Eventually, the complete data of the CDs became available online. WWWs historical logo designed by Robert Cailliau The World Wide Web (or simply the Web) is a system of interlinked, hypertext documents that runs over the Internet. ... A webmaster is a person responsible for designing, developing, marketing, or maintaining Web site(s). ...


Since the year 2000, FishBase has been run by the FishBase Consortium. The consortium consists of (in alphabetical order):

  • Africamuseum, Tervuren
  • Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thesaloniki
  • Fisheries Centre University of British Columbia, Vancouver
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome
  • IFM-GEOMAR, Kiel
  • Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris
  • Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm
  • WorldFish Center, Penang

As awareness of FishBase has grown among fish specialists, it has attracted some 1370 contributors and collaborators. In order to preserve its value as a scientific database, FishBase is not allowed to include original data; all of its content must be based on previously-published material.


See also

  • For early roots and possible future extensions see the German page.

Mirror sites:
[1] - DE
[2] - SE
[3] - US


References

Los Baños is a 1st class urban municipality in the province of Laguna, Philippines. ... For other uses, see Laguna (disambiguation). ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Saltwater Porcupine & Pufferfish Profiles (752 words)
From the FishBase database, here is a long list of Porcupinefishes, aka Burr Fishes, in the Diodontidae Family shown by both nominal and present allocation names.
From the Exotic Tropicals Marine Fish Encyclopedia, a basic profile on the Family Triodontidae (Three-toothed Puffer), Tetraodontidae (Puffers), Ostraciidae (Boxfish) and Diodontidae (Porcupinefish), with photos and details about various species found in these families.
From the FishBase database, here is a long list of Pufferfishes found in the Family Tetraodontidae shown by both nominal and present allocation names.
FishBase - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (292 words)
FishBase is a comprehensive database of information about fish.
FishBase first appeared on the World Wide Web in August 1996, and hired a webmaster in the following year.
In order to preserve its value as a scientific database, FishBase is not allowed to include original data; all of its content must be based on previously-published material.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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