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Encyclopedia > First day of issue
 First Day Cover for the wedding of Prince Charles and Lady Diana Spencer, issued 22nd July 1981. A commemorative crown is set into the envelope.
First Day Cover for the wedding of Prince Charles and Lady Diana Spencer, issued 22nd July 1981. A commemorative crown is set into the envelope.

The first day of issue is the day on which a postage stamp, postal card or stamped envelope is put on sale, within the country or territory of the stamp-issuing authority. Sometimes the issue is made from a temporary or permanent foreign or overseas office. There will usually be a first day of issue postmark, frequently a pictorial cancellation, indicating the city and date where the item was first issued, and "first day of issue" is often used to refer to this postmark. Unofficial first day of issue postmarks can also occur when a stamp collector purchases the stamps in question from a post office in the first day of issue city and then takes them (on that same day) to a post office in another city to have them cancelled.
First Day Cover for the wedding of Prince Charles and Lady Diana Spencer. ... First Day Cover for the wedding of Prince Charles and Lady Diana Spencer. ... A selection of Hong Kong postage stamps A postage stamp is evidence of pre-paying a fee for postal services. ... For the computer diagnostic tool, see Postcard (computing). ... Postal stationery: Postcard of 1895 A piece of postal stationery is an envelope, letter sheet, or postal card with an amount of postage preprinted on it, at the postcard rate for postcards, and (usually) at the domestic first-class rate for letter sheets and envelopes. ... A postal authority organises collection and delivery of mail (US) or post (UK) within its area of control. ... This article is about the postal marking. ... Pictorial cancellations, in philately, are cancellations in which part of the cancellation or postmark or a combination of the two contains some sort of picture or image; the term is sometimes used, loosely and perhaps technically incorrectly, for cancellations containing some sort of commemorative phrase in addition to the regular... Stamp collecting is the collecting of postage stamps and related objects, such as envelopes (cover)s. ...


(The stamps issued by private local posts can also have first days of issue, as can artistamps.) A local post is a mail service that operates only within a limited geographical area, typically a city or a single transportation route. ... Artistamp refers to a postage stamp-like artform. ...


A first day cover is an envelope where the postage stamps have been cancelled on their first day of issue.

First day cover, US 1958
First day cover, US 1958

Event covers are related to first day covers (FDCs). Instead of marking the issuance of a stamp they commemorate events both big (say, the launching of a space shuttle) and small (say, the opening of a supermarket). A design on the left side of the envelope (a "cachet") explains the event or anniversary being celebrated. Ideally the stamp or stamps affixed relate to the event. Cancels are obtained either from the location (e.g., Cape Canaveral, Anytown) or from the Postal Service's Cancellation Services unit in Kansas City. 1st day cover of 1958 gardening-horticulture stamp This work is copyrighted. ... 1st day cover of 1958 gardening-horticulture stamp This work is copyrighted. ...


The earliest known use (EKU) of a stamp may or may not be the same as the first day of issue. This can happen in several ways:

  • Stamps may be inadvertently sold or stolen, and cancelled on an envelope or package by unaware postal officials prior to the first day of issue.
  • Minor changes, such as a different perforation, may not be noted by officials, and no one knows when they first went on sale. This is also true of some major stamp issues, especially during periods of civil unrest or if government records have been lost.
  • Some earlier stamps, especially high values, may not have found any customers using them on the day of issue, or those uses have been lost. EKUs for these may be weeks or even months after the official first day.

The search for EKUs of both old and new stamps is an active area of philately, and new discoveries are regularly announced.

US first day postmark
US first day postmark

example of a first day of issue postmark. ... example of a first day of issue postmark. ...

First day digital color postmark

In 2004 the United States Postal Service announced plans to introduce first day digital color postmarks to be used to cancel some first day covers for commemorative stamps in 2005.[1] This has continued in 2006. 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The United States Postal Service (USPS) is an independent establishment of the executive branch of the United States Government (see ) responsible for providing postal service in the United States. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ...


Organizations

  • American First Day Cover Society

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
First day of issue - definition of First day of issue in Encyclopedia (377 words)
There will usually be a first day of issue postmark, frequently a pictorial cancellation, indicating the city and date where the item was first issued, and "first day of issue" is often used to refer to this postmark.
Unofficial first day of issue postmarks can also occur when a stamp collector purchases the stamps in question from a post office in the first day of issue city and then takes them (on that same day) to a post office in another city to have them cancelled.
In 2004 the United States Postal Service announced plans to introduce first day digital color postmarks to be used to cancel some first day covers for commemorative stamps in 2005.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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