FACTOID # 11: Oklahoma has the highest rate of women in State or Federal correctional facilities.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > First Serbian Uprising

Contents

Flag of the First Serbian Uprising
Flag of the First Serbian Uprising

The First Serbian Uprising was a Serbian national revolution which lasted one decade (1804-1813), during which Serbia perceived itself as an independent state for the first time after 300 years of Ottoman and short-lasting Austrian occupations. Revolutionary Serbia responded to the Ottoman Massacre of Serbian knights by establishing its separate government (Praviteljstvujusci Sovjet), Serbian Prince, Parliament (Zbor) and University of Belgrade. Even though it was brutally crushed by the Ottomans in 1813, this revolution sparked the Second Serbian Uprising in 1815, which resulted with the creation of modern Serbia, as it gained semi-independence from Ottoman Empire in 1817 (formally in 1829).
Image File history File links Zastava_1ustanak. ... Image File history File links Zastava_1ustanak. ... Anthem Serbia() on the European continent() Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian language 1 Recognised regional languages Hungarian, Croatian, Slovak, Romanian, Rusyn 2 Albanian, English 3 Government Parliamentary republic  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment  -  Formation 8th century   -  First unified state c. ... The storming of the Bastille, 14 July 1789 during the French Revolution. ... 1804 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1813 (MDCCCXIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar). ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ... The Treaty of Belgrade was the peace treaty signed on September 18, 1739 in Belgrade, Serbia by the Ottoman Empire on one side and the Austria on the other. ... The Massacre of Serbian knights, known in Serbia as Seca knezova, was an event which occurred in the central square of Valjevo, when the most prominent nobles of Belgrade Pashaluk were brutally executed by the order of Ottoman authorities. ... Karadjordje or Karageorge (Serbian: Карађорђе (KaraÄ‘orÄ‘e)), (November 3, 1768? – July 13, 1817) was the leader of the First Serbian Uprising against the Ottoman Empire, and the founder of the Serbian House of Karadjordjević. He was born George Petrović (Ђорђе Петровић ĐorÄ‘e Petrović). Because of his dark complexion and short temper... A parliament is a legislature, especially in those countries whose system of government is based on the Westminster system modelled after that of the United Kingdom. ... The University of Belgrade (Serbian: Универзитет у Београду or Univerzitet u Beogradu) is the oldest and most important higher education institution in Belgrade and Serbia. ... The Ottoman Empire at the height of its power Imperial motto El Muzaffer Daima The Ever Victorious (as written in tugra) Official language Ottoman Turkish Capital İstanbul ( Constantinople/Asitane/Konstantiniyye ) Sovereigns Sultans of the Osmanli Dynasty Population ca 40 million Area 12+ million km² Establishment 1299 Dissolution October 29... Year 1813 (MDCCCXIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar). ... This article is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ... Anthem Serbia() on the European continent() Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian language 1 Recognised regional languages Hungarian, Croatian, Slovak, Romanian, Rusyn 2 Albanian, English 3 Government Parliamentary republic  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment  -  Formation 8th century   -  First unified state c. ... Motto دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1680, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299–1326) Bursa (1326–65) Edirne (1365–1453) Constantinople (Ä°stanbul, 1453–1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 Osman I  - 1918–22 Mehmed VI... 1817 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 1829 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...

This article is part of the series on the
History of Serbia Image File history File links Coat_of_arms_of_Serbia_small. ... First Serbian state was founded in 800s by House of Vlastimirović under the name of Raška; it has evolved into Serbian Kingdom and Empire under House of Nemanjić. In modern era it was an autonomous principality (1817–1878), independent principality and kingdom (1878–1918), part of the Kingdom of...

Medieval Serbia
Raška
Serbian Empire
Moravian Serbia
Battle of Kosovo
Serbian Despotate
Ottoman Serbia
First Serbian Uprising
Second Serbian Uprising
Modern Serbia
Principality of Serbia
Kingdom of Serbia
Serbian Campaign (World War I)
Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Nedić's Serbia
SFR Yugoslavia
Socialist Republic of Serbia
FR Yugoslavia
Serbia and Montenegro
Republic of Serbia
This box: view  talk  edit

The Serbs entered their present territory early in the 7th century AD, settling in six distinct tribal delimitations: Rascia/RaÅ¡ka (present-day Western Serbia and Northern Montenegro), Bosnia [1] (indistinct from Rascia until the 12th century), Zachumlie/Zahumlje (western Herzegovina), Trebounia/Travunija (eastern Herzegovina), Pagania/Paganija (middle Dalmatia) and... RaÅ¡ka (Raschka, Rascia, Rassa) was the central and most successful medieval Serbian state (or župa, area ruled by a župan) that unified neighboring Serbian tribes into the main medieval Serbian state in Balkans. ... Serbia was formerly a principality (1817-1882), kingdom (1882-1918) and part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia (1918-1945, until 1929 the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes). ... Lazar Hrebeljanović, prince of Moravian Serbia (1371-1389) Moravian Serbia (Serbian: Moravska Srbija, Моравска Србија) was the most important of the Serbian states that emerged from the collapse of the Serbian Empire in the 14th century. ... This page is about the Battle of Kosovo of 1389; for other battles, see Battle of Kosovo (disambiguation). ... The Serbian Despotate (Serbian: Српска деспотовина or Srpska despotovina) was among the last Serbian states to be conquered by the Ottoman Empire. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ... This article is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... KaraÄ‘orÄ‘e Petrović, leader of Serbian uprising in 1804 Serbia gained its autonomy from the Ottoman Empire in two revolutions in 1804 and 1815, though Turkish troops continued to garrison the capital, Belgrade until 1867. ... Principality of Serbia and Vojvodina of Serbia and TamiÅ¡ Banat in 1849 Serbian Principality was a state in the Balkans that came into existence as a result of First Serbian Uprising and Second Serbian Uprising between 1804 and 1816. ... Anthem: Bože Pravde [[Image:|250px|center|Location of the Kingdom of Serbia]] Capital Belgrade Largest city Belgrade Serbian Government Monarchy  - King Milan (1882-1889)  - King Aleksandar (1889-1903)  - King Peter I (1903-1918) Proclamation March 6, 1882 Area  - Total  km² ([[List of countries and outlying territories by area|]])  sq... Combatants Austria-Hungary German Empire Bulgaria(1915-1918) Serbia Greece(1916-1918) Montenegro France(1916-1918) United Kingdom(1916-1918) Italy(1916-1918) Commanders August von Mackensen Oskar Potiorek Nikola Zhekov Radomir Putnik Nicholas I Maurice Sarrail Adolphe Guillaumat Franchet dEsperey George Milne Panagiotis Danglis The Serbian Campaign was... Motto: One nation, one king, one country Anthem: Medley of Bože pravde, Lijepa naÅ¡a domovino, and Naprej zastava slave Capital Belgrade Language(s) Serbo-Croato-Slovenian (see: Serbo-Croat and Slovenian) [1] Government Value specified for government_type does not comply King  - 1918-1921 Peter I  - 1921-1934 Alexander... Nedićs Serbia (Nedićeva Srbija) is the popular name for the Serbian nazi puppet state that existed between 1941 and 1944, on the teritory of parts of todays Serbia. ... Capital Belgrade Language(s) Serbo-Croatian, Serbian, Croatian, Slovenian, Macedonian Government Socialist republic President  - 1945 - 1953 Ivan Ribar  - 1991 Stjepan Mesić Prime Minister  - 1945 - 1963 Josip Broz Tito  - 1989 - 1991 Ante Marković Historical era Cold War  - Proclamation November 29, 1943  - UN membership October 24, 1945  - Constitution February 21, 1974  - Secessions... Anthem: Bože pravde (English: God of Justice) Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Serbian written with the Cyrillic alphabet1 Government Republic  - Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica  - President Boris Tadić Establishment    - Formation 814   - First Serbian Uprising 1804   - Internationally recognized July 13, 1878   - Kingdom of SCS created December 1, 1918   - SCG dissolved... Capital Belgrade Language(s) Serbian Government Republic President  - 1992 - 1993 Dobrica Ćosić  - 1993 - 1997 Zoran Lilić  - 1997 – 2000 Slobodan MiloÅ¡ević  - 2000 - 2003 Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Prime Minister  - 1992 - 1993 Milan Panić  - 1993 - 1998 Radoje Kontić  - 1998 - 2000 Momir Bulatović  - 2000 - 2001 Zoran Žižić  - 2001 - 2003 DragiÅ¡a Pe... Anthem Serbia() on the European continent() Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian language 1 Recognised regional languages Hungarian, Croatian, Slovak, Romanian, Rusyn 2 Albanian, English 3 Government Parliamentary republic  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment  -  Formation 8th century   -  First unified state c. ...

Background

After the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in the Turkish-Austrian war of 1791, Serbs living under Turkish rule began to realize the potential for success in an uprising against the Ottomans. 1791 (MDCCXCI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 11-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


Seeing the growing displeasure, the Sultan Selim III proclaimed fermans in 1793 and 1796 which gave more rights to Serbs. Among other things, taxes were to be collected by local Serbian rulers called knezes ("local dukes"), freedom of trade and religion were granted, and, most importantly, the Janissary corps were to leave Belgrade Pashaluk. The Ottoman Dynasty (or the Imperial House of Osman) ruled the Ottoman Empire from 1281 to 1923, beginning with Osman I (not counting his father, Ertuğrul), though the dynasty was not proclaimed until 1383 when Murad I declared himself sultan. ... Sultan Selim III Selim III (December 24, 1761 – July 28/29, 1808) was a sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1789–1807). ... A firman is a Royal mandate or decree issued by a sovereign in certain historical Islamic states, including the Ottoman Empire, Mughal Empire, and Iran under Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi. ... 1793 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1796 (MDCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... Kniaz’ or knyaz (Russian and Ukrainian: ; Serbian: knez; Romanian: cneaz; in fem. ... The Janissaries comprised infantry units that formed the Ottoman sultans household troops and bodyguard. ...


However, on January 30, 1799, the Turkish court allowed the Janissaries to return. They and their leaders, the dahias, showed little respect towards any authority, even the central Turkish government. After killing Vizier Hadzi-Mustafa of Belgrade in 1801, they started to rule Serbia on their own. Recently-granted rights were suspended, and dahias exerted unlimited rule over Belgrade Pashaluk. Taxes were drastically increased, land was seized, forced labour (čitlučenje) was introduced, and many citizens fled the Janissaries in fear. January 30 is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1799 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Dahia is a chandravanshi rajput kula. ... A Vizier (Arabic,وزير - wazÄ«r) (sometimes also spelled Vazir, Vizir, Vasir, Wazir, Vesir, or Vezir - grammatical vowel changes are common in many oriental languages), literally burden-bearer or helper, is a term, originally Persian, for a high-ranking political (and sometimes religious) advisor or minister, often to a Muslim monarch... Location of Belgrade within Serbia Coordinates: Country Serbia District City of Belgrade Municipalities 17 Government  - Mayor Nenad Bogdanović (DS) (since 2004)  - Ruling parties DS/DSS/G17+ Area  - City 3,222. ... The Union Jack, flag of the newly formed United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ... A tax is a financial charge or other levy imposed on an individual or a legal entity by a state or a functional equivalent of a state (for example, tribes, secessionist movements or revolutionary movements). ...


The Uprising begins

Serb leaders began to conspire about starting an uprising against the dahias. When the dahias found out about this, they captured and killed many of the Serbian leaders on February 4, 1804 in an event known today as Seča knezova (Massacre of Serbian knights). This mistake by the Janissaries incited the uprising, as it angered the people and the leaders had nothing to lose. February 4 is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1804 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The Massacre of Serbian knights, known in Serbia as Seca knezova, was an event which occurred in the central square of Valjevo, when the most prominent nobles of Belgrade Pashaluk were brutally executed by the order of Ottoman authorities. ...


On February 14, 1804, in the small Šumadija village of Orašac, the Serbs gathered and decided to undertake an uprising. Karađorđe Petrović (Karadjordje) was elected as the leader of the uprising, which started immediately. That afternoon, a Turkish inn (caravansarai) in Orašac was burned and its residents fled or were killed. Similar actions were undertaken in surrounding villages and then spread further. Soon the cities Valjevo and Požarevac were liberated, and the siege of Belgrade started. February 14 is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1804 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Å umadija District in Central Serbia proposed Å umadija Region Kalenić village in Å umadija Å umadija is a geographical region in Central Serbia, Serbia and Montenegro. ... School building in OraÅ¡ac OraÅ¡ac is a village in Serbia, in the Å umadija region. ... KaraÄ‘orÄ‘e Petrović (Serbian Cyrillic: Карађорђе Петровић; Anglicised: Karageorge Petrovitch), (November 3, 1768? – July 13, 1817) was the leader of the First Serbian Uprising against the Ottoman Empire, and the founder of the Serbian House of Karadjordjević. He was born as ĐorÄ‘e (George) Petrović. Because of his dark complexion and... This article is about the roadside inns. ... Valjevo postcard Valjevo (Serbian Cyrillic: Ваљево) is a city located in Serbia and Montenegro at 44. ... Požarevac (Пожаревац, Turkish: Pasarofça, German: Passarowitz, Hungarian: Pozsarevác) is a city located in Serbia and Montenegro at 44°37′12″N, 21°11′23″E. It is the administrative center of the Branicevo District of Serbia. ... A siege is a military blockade of a city or fortress with the intent of conquering by force or attrition, often accompanied by an assault. ... Location of Belgrade within Serbia Coordinates: Country Serbia District City of Belgrade Municipalities 17 Government  - Mayor Nenad Bogdanović (DS) (since 2004)  - Ruling parties DS/DSS/G17+ Area  - City 3,222. ...


When he was informed about the uprising, Selim III started to negotiate with the rebels. Dahias escaped from Belgrade, but they were captured and killed on the island of Ada Kaleh in the Danube. Eventually, the negotiations failed, and the Sultan organised a military campaign against the uprising. The island of Ada Kaleh The bazaar of the Ada Kaleh island Ada Kaleh (Turkish for Island Fortress) was a small island on the Danube populated by Turks that was submerged during the building of the Iron Gates hydro plant. ... The Danube (ancient Danuvius, Iranian *dānu, meaning river or stream, ancient Greek Istros) is the longest river in the European Union and Europes second longest river. ...


The first major battle of the uprising was the Battle of Ivankovac in 1805, where Karadjordje defeated the Turkish army and forced it to retreat toward Niš. The second major battle of the uprising was Battle of Misar in 1806, in which the rebels defeated an Ottoman army from Bosnia led by Kulin Captain. At the same time, the rebels led by Petar Dobrnjac defeated another army sent from the southeast in the Battle of Deligrad. In December 1806, the rebels besieged Belgrade, which was liberated in the beginning of 1807. The Battle of Ivankovac was the first real victory for the Serbian rebels during the First Serbian Uprising. ... 1805 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... NiÅ¡ or Nish (Serbian: Ниш / NiÅ¡,  , Latin: Naissus, Greek: Ναισσός Naissos) is a city in Serbia situated at 43. ... 1806 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Province of Bosnia was a key Ottoman province, the westernmost one, based on the territory of the present day state of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Petar Dobrnjac (Serbian Cyrillic: Петар Добрњац) (1771-1831) was a Serbian Vojvoda in the First Serbian Uprising. ... Year 1807 (MDCCCVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar). ...


The outcome

Serbia in 1809, during the First Serbian Uprising
Serbia in 1809, during the First Serbian Uprising
Serbia in 1813, during the First Serbian Uprising
Serbia in 1813, during the First Serbian Uprising

In 1805 the Serbian rebels organized a basic government for administering Serbia during the combat. Rule was divided between the Narodna Skupstina (People's assembly), the Praviteljstvujusci Sovjet (Ruling Council), and Karadjordje himself. Land was returned, forced labour was abolished, and taxes were reduced. The young state was modernised and by 1808 the Great School was founded, regarded as the foundation of the University of Belgrade. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1016x753, 21 KB)historic map This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1016x753, 21 KB)historic map This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (871x662, 18 KB)historic map This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (871x662, 18 KB)historic map This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Karadjordje or Karageorge (Serbian: Карађорђе (Karađorđe)), (November 3, 1768? – July 13, 1817) was the leader of the First Serbian Uprising against the Ottoman Empire, and the founder of the Serbian House of Karadjordjević. He was born George Petrović (Ђорђе Петровић Đorđe Petrović). Because of his dark complexion and short temper... A tax is a financial charge or other levy imposed on an individual or a legal entity by a state or a functional equivalent of a state (for example, tribes, secessionist movements or revolutionary movements). ... Year 1808 (MDCCCVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The University of Belgrade (Serbian: Универзитет у Београду or Univerzitet u Beogradu) is the oldest and most important higher education institution in Belgrade and Serbia. ...


Some of the leaders of the uprising later abused their privileges for personal gain, such as the reintroduction of forced labour in some places. There was dissent between Karadjordje and other leaders; Karadjordje wanted absolute power, while his voivods wanted to limit it. After the Russo-Turkish War of 1806-12 ended, the Ottoman Empire exploited these circumstances and reconquered Serbia in 1813. Voivod or (more common) voivoda is a Slavic term initially denoting first in command of a military unit. ... The Russo-Turkish War, 1806-1812 was one of many wars fought between Imperial Russia and Ottoman Empire. ... Year 1813 (MDCCCXIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar). ...


Though ultimately unsuccessful, the First Serbian Uprising paved the way for the Second Serbian Uprising of 1815, which eventually succeeded in securing Serbian autonomy. This article is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ...


Battles

The Battle of Ivankovac was the first real victory for the Serbian rebels during the First Serbian Uprising. ...

People

  • Karađorđe
  • Tanasko Rajić
  • Ilija Birčanin
  • Jakov Nenadović
  • Mateja Nenadović
  • Milenko Stojković
  • Hajduk Veljko Petrović
  • Petar Dobrnjac
  • Stanoje Glavaš
  • Vuk Stefanović Karadžić
  • Dahias:
    • Aganlija
    • Kucuk-Alija
    • Mula Jusuf
    • Mehmed-Aga
    • Mus-Aga

Karađorđe (Карађорђе, also Black George, George Czerny), (November 3, 1768? – July 13, 1817) was the leader of the First Serbian uprising against the Turks, and the founder of the House of Karađorđević. He was born Đorđe Petrović. Because of his dark complexion and short temper he... Ilija Birčanin (Serbian Cyrillic: Илија Бирчанин) (1764 - 1804, Valjevo, Serbia) was a Serbian knez (or duke) who was slain during the Slaughter of the Dukes (seca knezova) at the end of January 1804 (old calendar) in Valjevo. ... Jakov Nenadović (1765-1836) (Serbian Cyrillic Јаков Ненадовић) was a Serbian Duke and the first Serbian Minister of Interior. ... Prota Mateja Nenadović (Матеја Ненадовић) (1777-1854), was a Serbian archpriest and a notable leader of the First Serbian Uprising. ... Milenko Stojković was a Bimbasha (later Commander-in-chief) in the First Serbian Uprising. ... Hajduk Veljko Petrović Hajduk Veljko Petrović (Serbian Cyrillic Вељко Петровић) (ca. ... Petar Dobrnjac (Serbian Cyrillic: Петар Добрњац) (1771-1831) was a Serbian Vojvoda in the First Serbian Uprising. ... Stanoje Stamatović Glavaš (born 1763 in Smederevska Palanka, died 1815), was Serbian hajduk and a hero in the First Serbian Uprising. ... Vuk Stefanović Karadžić (Serbian Cyrillic: Вук Стефановић Караџић) (November 7, 1787 - February 7, 1864) was a Serbian linguist and major reformer of the Serbian language. ... Dahia is a chandravanshi rajput kula. ...

External link

  • Program of celebration of 200th anniversary of the uprising


National Awakening in the Balkans
Greece | Romania | Bulgaria | Serbia: First, Second | Albania | ethnic Macedonians

  Results from FactBites:
 
Reference.com/Encyclopedia/First Serbian Uprising (762 words)
The First Serbian Uprising was a Serbian national revolution which lasted one decade (1804-1813), during which Serbia perceived itself as an independent state for the first time after 300 years of Ottoman- and short-lasting Austrian occupations.
The first major battle of the uprising was the Battle of Ivankovac in 1805, where Karadjordje defeated the Turkish army and forced it to retreat toward Niš.
The second major battle of the uprising was Battle of Misar in 1806, in which the rebels defeated an Ottoman army from Bosnia led by Kulin Captain.
serbia - Article and Reference from OnPedia.com (5091 words)
The Republic of Serbia (in Serbian Србија or Srbija) is a republic in south-eastern Europe, which is united with Montenegro in a loose commonwealth known as the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro.
The Serbian Army bravely defended its country and won several major victories, but it was finally overpowered by the joint forces of Germany, Austria-Hungary and Bulgaria, and had to withdraw from the national territory marching across the Albanian mountain ranges to the Adriatic Sea.
At the same time as the Serbian population declined, the Albanian population grew exponentially, from about 300,000– 400,000 in the 1930s, to an estimated 1.8–2 million in 2000, due to a combination of factors, mainly massive illegal immigration from Albania and a high birth rate when compared to the Serbian population.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m