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Encyclopedia > First Philippine Republic
República Filipina
Philippine Republic

Unrecognized state Image File history File links Wiki_letter_w. ...


1899 – 1901

Flag of Philippines Spanish East Indies is a term to describe Spanish possessions in Asia and Oceania. ... Image File history File links Spain1785. ... 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Image File history File links US_flag_45_stars. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... Image File history File links Philippines_flag_original. ...


Flag Flag ratio: 1:2 The national flag of the Philippines features an eight-rayed sun and three stars, all in gold, on a white equilateral triangle on the mast. ...

Anthem: Himno Nacional Filipina
Location of Filipinas in Asia
Capital Bacoor, Cavite
Malolos, Bulacan January 23, 1899-March 29, 1899
San Isidro, Nueva Ecija March 29, 1899-May 9, 1899
Palanan, Isabela September 6, 1900-March 23, 1901
Language(s) Spanish (official), Tagalog
Government Republic
President
 - 1898-1901 Emilio Aguinaldo
President of the Council of Government
 - 1898-1899 Apolinario Mabini
 - 1899 Pedro Paterno
Historical era New Imperialism
 - Established January 231899
 - Dissolved ¹ March 231901
Area
 - 1898 198,000 km2
76,448 sq mi
Population
 - 1898 est. 8,000,000 
     Density 40.4 /km² 
104.6 /sq mi
Currency Peso
¹ Capture of Emilio Aguinaldo.

The First Philippine Republic, officially República Filipina (English: Philippine Republic) was the government of the Philippines formally established with the proclamation of the Malolos Constitution on January 23, 1899 in Malolos, Bulacan until the capture and surrender of Emilio Aguinaldo to the American forces on March 23, 1901 in Palanan, Isabela, which effectively dissolved the First Republic. A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that is evoking and eulogizing the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognized either by a nations government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people. ... When the national anthem was first played, this was the flag displayed to the Filipino people. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... This is a list of national capitals of the world in alphabetical order. ... Bacoor is a first-class municipality in the province of Cavite, Philippines. ... Malolos is a city in the province of Bulacan, Philippines. ... San Isidro is a 4th class municipality in the province of Nueva Ecija, Philippines. ... Palanan is a remote municipality in the province of Isabela in the Philippines. ... Tagalog (pronunciation: ) is one of the major languages of the Republic of the Philippines. ... For other uses, see Republic (disambiguation). ... The President of the Philippines is the head of state and government of the Republic of the Philippines. ... Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy (March 22, 1869 – February 6, 1964) was a Filipino general, politician, and independence leader. ... The Prime Minister of the Philippines was the official position of the head of the government of the Philippines. ... Apolinario Mabini Apolinario Mabini (July 23, 1864—May 13, 1903) was a Filipino theoretician who wrote the constitution for the first Philippine republic of 1899-1901, and served as its first premier in 1899. ... Pedro Alejandro Paterno (February 27, 1858—March 11, 1911) was a Filipino statesman as well as a poet and writer. ... The term New Imperialism refers to the policy and ideology of imperial colonial expansion adopted by Europes powers and, later, Japan and the United States, during the late 19th and early 20th centuries; approximately from the Franco-Prussian War to World War I (c. ... January 23 is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... March 23 is the 82nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (83rd in leap years). ... 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... This is a list of the countries of the world sorted by area. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... ISO 4217 Code PHP User(s) Philippines Inflation 7. ... Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy (March 22, 1869 – February 6, 1964) was a Filipino general, politician, and independence leader. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The Malolos Constitution was the first Philippine constitution, from 1899. ... January 23 is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Malolos is a city in the province of Bulacan, Philippines. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Bulacan Region: Central Luzon (Region III) Capital: Malolos City Founded: 1572 Population: 2000 census—2,234,088 (4th largest) Density—851 per km² (5th highest) Area: 2,625. ... Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy (March 22, 1869 – February 6, 1964) was a Filipino general, politician, and independence leader. ... This article needs to be updated. ... March 23 is the 82nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (83rd in leap years). ... 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Palanan is a remote municipality in the province of Isabela in the Philippines. ... Isabela is a province of the Philippines located in the Cagayan Valley region in Luzon. ...


The establishment of the Philippine Republic was the culmination of the Philippine Revolution against Spanish rule. Independence was declared on June 12, 1898 and the dictatorial government then in place was replaced by a revolutionary government headed by Emilio Aguinaldo as president on June 23, 1898. Combatants Filipino independence movement Spanish Empire Commanders Andres Bonifacio, Emilio Aguinaldo Spanish Governor-General of the Philippines Strength 80,000 soldiers unknown Casualties unknown unknown The Philippine Revolution (1896—1898) was a conflict between the Spanish colonial regime and the Katipunan, which sought independence for the Filipinos. ... Military flag of the Spanish Empire from the 16th century up to 1843. ... June 12 is the 163rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (164th in leap years), with 202 days remaining. ... 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy (March 22, 1869 – February 6, 1964) was a Filipino general, politician, and independence leader. ... The President of the Philippines is the head of state and government of the Republic of the Philippines. ... June 23 is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 191 days remaining. ... 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ...

Emilio Aguinaldo, first and only president of the First Philippine Republic
Emilio Aguinaldo, first and only president of the First Philippine Republic

Contents

Official portrait of Philippine president Emilio Aguinaldo. ... Official portrait of Philippine president Emilio Aguinaldo. ... Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy (March 22, 1869 – February 6, 1964) was a Filipino general, politician, and independence leader. ...

History

The republic was formed after the events of the Philippine Declaration of Independence. It adopted the Constitución política de la República Filipina, drawn up by the Philippine Constitutional Convention in the Barasoain Church in Malolos in 1899 to replace the dictatorial government set up by the Pact of Biak-na-Bato in 1897. It was approved by Aguinaldo and ten delegates to the Assembly of Representatives on January 21, 1899. The convention earlier elected Aguinaldo president on January 1, 1899, leading to his inauguration on January 23 on the same year. The Philippine Declaration of Independence occurred on June 12, 1898 in the Philippines where Filipino revolutionary forces under General Emilio Aguinaldo (later to become the Philippines first Republican President) proclaimed the sovereignty and independence of the Philippine Islands from the colonial rule of Spain after the latter was defeated at... The Constitution of the Philippines (Saligang Batas ng Pilipinas in Filipino) is the supreme law of the Philippines. ... Malolos (Pop. ... 1897 (MDCCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The House of Representatives (Kapulungan ng mga Kinatawan in Filipino) is the lower chamber of the Congress of the Philippines. ... January 21 is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... January 23 is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

A session of the Malolos Congress on the Barasoain Church.
A session of the Malolos Congress on the Barasoain Church.
Guards and soldiers of the revolutionary army during a session of the congress.
Guards and soldiers of the revolutionary army during a session of the congress.

Image File history File links Malolos_congress. ... Image File history File links Malolos_congress. ... The Malolos Constitution was the first Philippine constitution, from 1899. ... Image File history File links Barasoain_church1899. ... Image File history File links Barasoain_church1899. ... Guards is an honorific title given to Red Army (Soviet Army) and Red Navy units who performed heroically during the Great Patriotic War (World War II). ... A Norwegian soldier (a Corporal, armed with an MP-5) A soldier is a person who has enlisted with, or has been conscripted into, the armed forces of a sovereign country and has undergone training and received equipment to defend that country or its interests. ... The Philippine Revolutionary Army (Filipino Hukbong Pilipinong Mapanghimagsik; Spanish Ejército Revolucionario Filipino) was founded on March 22, 1897 in Cavite. ... The House of Representatives (Kapulungan ng mga Kinatawan in Filipino) is the lower chamber of the Congress of the Philippines. ...

Philippine-American War

Tensions remained during the Philippine-American War. Aguinaldo and his men fled to Northern Luzón, trying to resist the American forces. On April 1, 1901, Aguinaldo announced allegiance to the United States, formally ending the First Republic and recognizing the sovereignty of the United States over the Philippines. Combatants United States Philippines Commanders William McKinley Emilio Aguinaldo Strength 126,000 soldiers 80,000 soldiers Casualties 4,324 U.S. soldiers dead 2,000 Philippine Constabulary 16,000 soldiers killed est. ... Map of the Philippines showing the island groups of Luzón, Visayas, and Mindanao. ... April 1 is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 274 days remaining. ... 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Allegiance is the duty which a subject or a citizen owes to the state or to the sovereign of the state to which he belongs. ... Sovereignty is the exclusive right to exercise supreme political (e. ...


Cabinet

OFFICE NAME
President Emilio Aguinaldo
Prime Minister Apolinario Mabini
  Pedro Paterno
Secretary of Foreign Affairs Apolinario Mabini
  Felipe Buencamino
Secretary of Finance and War Gen. Mariano Trías
Secretary of Interior Teodoro Sandico
  Severino de las Alas
Secretary of War Baldomero Aguinaldo
Secretary of Welfare Gracio Gonzaga
Secretary of Agriculture, Industry and Commerce León María Guerrero
Secretary of Finance Hugo Ilagan
Secretary of Public Instruction Águedo Velarde
Secretary of Public Works and Communications Máximo Paterno


The President of the Philippines is the head of state and government of the Republic of the Philippines. ... The Prime Minister of the Philippines was the official position of the head of the government of the Philippines. ... Apolinario Mabini Apolinario Mabini (July 23, 1864—May 13, 1903) was a Filipino theoretician who wrote the constitution for the first Philippine republic of 1899-1901, and served as its first premier in 1899. ... Pedro Alejandro Paterno (February 27, 1858—March 11, 1911) was a Filipino statesman as well as a poet and writer. ... Apolinario Mabini Apolinario Mabini (July 23, 1864—May 13, 1903) was a Filipino theoretician who wrote the constitution for the first Philippine republic of 1899-1901, and served as its first premier in 1899. ... Mariano Trías y Closas (October 12, 1868 – February 22, 1914) was the first Vice President of the government established at the Tejeros Convention. ... The United States Secretary of the Interior is the head of the United States Department of the Interior. ... The Secretary of War was a member of the Presidents Cabinet, beginning with George Washingtons administration. ... Baldomero Aguinaldo (February 27, 1869—February 4, 1915) was a leader of the Philippine Revolution. ... León María Guerrero y Leogardo (January 21, 1853-April 13, 1935) was a Filipino scientist, educator, writer, revolutionary leader and politician who was the first licensed pharmacist in the Philippines and one of the most eminent botanists in the country in his time. ...


References


  Results from FactBites:
 
Philippines - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3813 words)
The Philippines (Filipino: Pilipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is an island nation located in the Malay archipelago in Southeast Asia, with Manila as its capital.
The government of the Philippines is organized as a presidential-unitary republic, where the President functions as head of state, the head of government, and the commander-in-chief of the armed forces.
The Moluccas and Sulawesi are to the south, and Palau is to the east beyond the Philippine Sea.
Philippines - Facts, Information, and Encyclopedia Reference article (3308 words)
The Republic of the Philippines (Filipino: Republika ng Pilipinas), or the Philippines (Filipino: Pilipinas), is a nation in Southeast Asia with Manila as its capital.
The Philippines is a founding and active member of the United Nations (UN) since its inception on October 24, 1945 and a founding and prominent member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), an active player in the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Latin Union and a member of the Group of 24.
It is bordered on the east by the Philippine Sea, on the west by the South China Sea, and on the south by the Celebes Sea.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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