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Encyclopedia > First Chief Directorate

The First Chief Directorate (Russian: Первое Главное Управление) [or-PGU] of the Committee for State Security (KGB), was the organization responsible for foreign operations and intelligence collection activities by the training and management of covert agents, intelligence collection management, and the collection of political, scientific and technical intelligence. Formed with in KGB structures in 1954, and after the collapse of the Soviet Union changed in Central Intelligence Service, and latter renamed Foreign Intelligence Service or SVR. Image File history File links Symbol (Coat of Arms?) of the KGB. Source: Agentura site. ... Note: This article is about the KGB of the USSR. KGB is also the official title of the Belarusian intelligence services. ... Military intelligence (abbreviated MI, int [Commonwealth], or intel [U.S.]), is a military discipline that focuses on information gathering, analysis, and dissemination about enemy units, terrain, and the weather in an area of operations. ... Note: This article is about the KGB of the USSR. KGB is also the official title of the Belarusian intelligence services. ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sluzhba Vneshney Razvedki (Служба внешней разведки) (SVR) is Russian for Foreign Intelligence Service and is the name of Russias primary external intelligence agency. ... Sluzhba Vneshney Razvedki (Служба внешней разведки) (SVR) is Russian for Foreign Intelligence Service and is the name of Russias primary external intelligence agency. ...

Contents

History of foreign intelligence in the Soviet Union

From the beginning foreign intelligence played an important role in Soviet Union foreign policy. In Soviet Union foreign intelligence was formally formed in 1920, as a foreign department of Cheka (Inostrannyj Otdiel - INO). Soviet intelligence services were formed during the Russian Civil War of 1918-1920. December 19, 1918, The Central Committee Bureau of the RKP(b) had decided to combine front formations of Cheka and the Military Control Units, which were controlled by the Military Revolutionary Committee, and responsible for counter-intelligence activaties, into one organ which was named Special Section (department) of Cheka. The head of Special Section (department) was Mikhail Sergeyevich Kedrov. The task of the Special Section was to run human intelligence: to gather political and military intelligence behind enemy lines, and expose and neutralize counter-revolutionary elements in the Red Army. At the beginning of 1920, in Cheka's Special Section there was an under section named War Information Bureau (WIB) which conducted political, military, scientific and technical intelligence in surrounding countries. WIB headquarter was located in Kharkiv and was divided in two sections: Western and Southern. Each Section had 6 groups - 1st - registration, 2nd - personal, 3rd - technical, 4th - finance, 5th - law and 6th - organization. WIB had its own internal stations, one in Kiev and one in Odessa. The first one had so the called national section - Polish, Jewish, German and Czech Republic. Year 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Combatants Red Army (Bolsheviks) White Army (Monarchists, SRs, Anti-Communists) Green Army (Peasants and Nationalists) Black Army (Anarchists) Commanders Leon Trotsky Mikhail Tukhachevsky Semyon Budyonny Lavr Kornilov, Alexander Kolchak, Anton Denikin, Pyotr Wrangel Alexander Antonov, Nikifor Grigoriev Nestor Makhno Strength 5,427,273 (peak) +1,000,000 Casualties 939,755... December 19 is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... The Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Russian: Коммунисти́ческая Па́ртия Сове́тского Сою́за = КПСС) was the name used by the successors of the Bolshevik faction of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party from 1952 to 1991, but the wording Communist Party was present in the partys name since 1918 when the Bolsheviks became the All... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Petrograd Soviet, or the Petrograd Soviet of Workers and Soldiers Deputies, was the council set up in Petrograd (Saint Petersburg, Russia) in March 1917 as the representative body of the citys workers. ... Counter Intelligence A uk label started and owned by John Machielsen. ... Red Army flag The Workers and Peasants Red Army (Russian: Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия, Raboche-Krestyanskaya Krasnaya Armiya; RKKA or usually simply the Red Army) were the armed forces first organized by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War in 1918 and that in 1922 became the army of the Soviet Union. ... Year 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Location Map of Ukraine with Kharkov highlighted. ... Location Map of Ukraine with Kiev highlighted. ... For other uses, see Odessa (disambiguation). ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination...


The Soviet defeat in the Polish-Bolshevik War, was the main reason for the formation of a large independent intelligence department in Cheka structures. December 20, 1920, Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky, created Foreign Department (Innostranny Otdel - INO), made up of - Management office (INO chief and two deputies), chancellery, agents department, visas bureau and foreign sections. In 1922 after the creation of the State Political Directorate (GPU) and connecting it with People's Commisariat for Internal Affairs of the RSFSR, foreign intelligence was conducted by the GPU Foreign Department, and between December 1923 and July 1934 by the Foreign Department of Joint State Political Administration or OGPU. In July 1934, OGPU was reincorporated into NKVD of the Soviet Union, and renamed The Main Directorate of State Security or GUGB. Till October 9, 1936 INO was operated inside the GUGB organization as a one of its departments. Then, for conspiracy purposes, People's Commissar of Internal Affairs Nikolai Yezhov, in his order #00362 had introduced a numeration of departments in the GUGB organization, hence Foreign Department or INO of the GUGB became GUGB's Department 7, and later Department 5. By 1941 foreign intelligence was given the highest status and from department it was enlarged to directorate. The name too was change from INO - Innostranny Otdiel, to INU - Inostrannoye Upravleniye, Foreign Directorate. During the following years Soviet security and intelligence organs went through frequent organizational changes. From February to July 1941 foreign intelligence was the responsibility of the recently created new administration The People's Commissariat of State Security (NKGB) and was working in its structure as a 1st Directorat and, after the July 1941 organizational changes, as a 1st Directorate of the People's Commisariat for Internal Affairs (NKVD). Polish-Bolshevik War Conflict Polish-Bolshevik War Date 1919–1921 Place Central and Eastern Europe Result Polish victory The Polish-Soviet War (also known as the Polish-Bolshevik War or the Polish-Russian War) was the war (February 1919 – March 1921) that determined the borders between the Russian... December 20 is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky (Polish: Feliks DzierżyÅ„ski, Russian: Феликс Эдмундович Дзержинский, Belarusian: Фелікс Эдмундавіч Дзяржынскі; September 11, 1877 [O.S. August 30] –July 20, 1926) was a Polish Communist revolutionary, famous as the founder of the Bolshevik secret police, the Cheka, later known by many names during the history of the Soviet... Soviet poster of the 1920s: The GPU strikes on the head the counter-revolutionary saboteur State Political Administration was the secret police of the RSFSR and USSR until 1934. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... State motto: Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь! (Workers of the world, unite!) Official language None (Russian in practice) Capital Moscow Chairman of the Supreme... 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Obedinennoe Gosudarstvennoe Politicheskoe Upravlenie (or OGPU) (Combined State Political Directorate, also translated as All Union State Political Board) was the name of the secret police in the Soviet Union in one of the stages of its development. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Main Directorate of State Security (Russian: Glavnoe Upravlenie Gosudarstvennoi Bezopasnosti) was the name of the Soviet secret police from July 1934 to April 1943. ... The Main Directorate of State Security (Russian: Glavnoe Upravlenie Gosudarstvennoi Bezopasnosti) was the name of the Soviet secret police from July 1934 to April 1943. ... October 9 is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Yezhov along Moscow-Volga channel. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... The Peoples Commissariat for State Security (Народный комиссариат государственной безопасн&#1086... The Peoples Commissariat for State Security (Народный комиссариат государственной безопасн&#1086... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


It return to former state already in April 1943, NKGB dealt with foreign intelligence as a 1st Directorat of NKGB, that state remain until 1946, when all People's Commissariats were renamed Ministries, NKVD was renamed Ministry of Internal Affairs or MVD, and the NKGB was renamed into Ministry of State Security, or MGB. From 1946 to 1947 the 1st Directorat of the MGB was conducting foreign intelligence. In 1947 the GRU (military intelligence) and MGB's 1st Directorat was moved to the recently created foreign intelligence agency by the name of Committee of Information, or KI. In the summer of 1948 the military personnel in KI were returned to the Soviet military to reconstitute a foreign military intelligence arm of the GRU. KI sections dealing with the new East Bloc and Soviet emigres were returned to the MGB in late 1948. In 1951 the KI returned to the MGB, as a First Chief Directorate of the Ministry of State Security. 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1943 calendar). ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Modern emblem of Russian MVD Russian Gendarme officers in the 1860s The Ministerstvo Vnutrennikh Del (MVD) (Министерство внутренних дел) was the Ministry of Internal Affairs in the imperial Russia, later USSR, and still bears the same name in the Russian Federation. ... Modern emblem of Russian MVD Russian Gendarme officers in the 1860s The Ministerstvo Vnutrennikh Del (MVD) (Министерство внутренних дел) was the Ministry of Internal Affairs in the imperial Russia, later USSR, and still bears the same name in the Russian Federation. ... The word MGB has several different meanings: MGB (USSR) was a predecessor of the KGB (secret police). ... The word MGB has several different meanings: MGB (USSR) was a predecessor of the KGB (secret police). ... 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1947 calendar). ... For other uses, see GRU (disambiguation). ... Look up ki in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ...


After the death of long time Soviet leader Joseph Stalin in March 1953, Lavrenty Beria took over control of the security and intelligence organs, disbanded the MGB and its existing tasks were given to the Ministry of Internal Affiars (MVD) which he was in control of. In the MVD the foreign intelligence was conducted by the Second Chief Directorate and following the creation of KGB foreign intelligence was conduct by the First Chief Directorate of the Committee for State Security or KGB. “Stalin” redirects here. ... 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... Lavrenty Beria Lavrentiy Pavlovich Beria (Georgian: ლავრენტი ბერია; Russian: Лаврентий Павлович Берия; (29 March 1899 – 23 December 1953), was a Soviet politician and chief of the Soviet security and police apparatus. ... Modern emblem of Russian MVD Russian Gendarme officers in the 1860s The Ministerstvo Vnutrennikh Del (MVD) (Министерство внутренних дел) was the Ministry of Internal Affairs in the imperial Russia, later USSR, and still bears the same name in the Russian Federation. ... Note: This article is about the KGB of the USSR. KGB is also the official title of the Belarusian intelligence services. ... Note: This article is about the KGB of the USSR. KGB is also the official title of the Belarusian intelligence services. ...


Chiefs of foreign intelligence

Solomon Mogilevsky
Solomon Mogilevsky

The first chief of the Soviet foreign intelligence service, Cheka foreign department (Inostranny Otdel - INO), was Yakov Davydov. He headed the foreign department until late 1921, when he was replaced by long time revolutionary Solomon Mogilevsky. He led INO only for few months, as in 1925 he died in a plane crash. Image File history File links Solomon_Mogylevsky. ... Image File history File links Solomon_Mogylevsky. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Yakov Khristoforovich Davydov (born Davtyan, Russian: Яков Христофорович Давыдов (Давтян); 10 October 1888 – 1938) was, as head of the Chekas Foreign Department from 1921 to 1922, the first head of Soviet foreign intelligence. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for full calendar). ... Solomon Grigorevich Mogilevsky Соломон Григорьевич Могилевский (1885 - 1925) headed the Soviet foreign intelligence service, the INO of the GPU, from 1921 to May 1922, when he was sent to head the GPU in the South Caucasus region. ... 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar). ...


He was replaced by Mikhail Trilisser, also a revolutionary. Trilisser specialized in tracing secret enemy informers and political spies inside the Bolshevik party. Before becoming INO chief, he led its Section of Western and Eastern Europe. Under Trilisser management foreign intelligence, has become big professional and respected by opponents service, this period characterizes enlisting of foreign agents, wide use of emigrants for intelligence tasks, organization of network of independent agents. Trilisser himself was very active, he personally travel to Berlin and Paris for meetings with important agents. Mikhail Abramovich Trilisser Михаил Абрамович Трилиссер (1 April 1883, Astrakhan - 1938) headed the foreign intelligence operations of the Soviet Union from May 1922 (when they were part of the Cheka) to October 1929 (when they were part of OGPU). ... Berlin is the capital city and one of the sixteen states of the Federal Republic of Germany. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Floating not submerging) Paris Eiffel tower as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ...


Trilisser left his position in 1930, and was replaced by Artur Artuzov, the former chief of department of counter-intelligence (or - KRO) and main initiator of Trust Operation. In 1936 Artuzov was replaced by then Commissar 2nd rank of State Security Abram Slutsky. Slutsky was active participant of October Revolution and war, he has started work in security organs in 1920, by joining Cheka and later worket in OGPU Economic Department. Then in 1931 he went to serve in OGPU's Foreign Department (INO), and often left the country for Germany, France and Spain, where he participated in the Spanish Civil War. In February 1938 Slutsky was invited to the office of GUGB head komkor Mikhail Frinovsky, where he was poisoned and died. Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link is to a full 1930 calendar). ... Artur Khristyanovich Artuzov (surname at birth Frauchi) Артур Христианович Артузов (Фраучи), (18 February 1891, Tver region, Russia - 1937) headed the Soviet foreign intelligence service INO, part of OGPU, later the NKVD, from August 1931 to May 1935. ... Trust or Trest Operation (операция Трест) was an operation presented as a spectacular counterintelligence success of OGPU in 1921-1926. ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Abram Aronovich Slutsky Абрам Аронович Слуцкий (July 1898, Parafievka, Chernigov region - 17 February 1938, Moscow) headed the Soviet foreign intelligence service (GUGB), then part of the NKVD, from May 1935 to February 1938. ... “Red October” redirects here. ... Year 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Obedinennoe Gosudarstvennoe Politicheskoe Upravlenie (or OGPU) (Combined State Political Directorate, also translated as All Union State Political Board) was the name of the secret police in the Soviet Union in one of the stages of its development. ... 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link is to a full 1931 calendar). ... This article is about the Spanish Civil War of 1936–1939. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Main Directorate of State Security (Russian: Glavnoe Upravlenie Gosudarstvennoi Bezopasnosti) was the name of the Soviet secret police from July 1934 to April 1943. ... Mikhail Petrovich Frinovsky (Russian: Михаил Петрович Фриновский) (January of 1898 - February 4, 1940 was a Soviet military and political figure. ...


Slutsky was replaced by Zelman Passov, but soon he was arrested and murdered, his successor Sergey Spigelglas had met with same fate, by the end of 1938 he was arrested and murdered. Next chief (acting) of Foreign Department for only 3 weeks was the experienced NKVD officer Pavel Sudoplatov. Before he become INO head in May, 1938, on Stalin's direct order, he personally assassinated the Ukrainian nationalist leader Yavhen Konovalets. Zelman Isaevich Passov Зельман Исаевич Пассов (1905, Staraya Russa, Russia - 15 February 1940) headed the Soviet foreign intelligence service, then part of the NKVD from June to November 1938, when he was arrested. ... Sergey Mikhailovich Spigelglas Сергей Михайлович Шпигельглас (29 April 1897, Grodno region - 29 January 1941) was acting head of the Soviet foreign intelligence service, then part of the NKVD, from February to June 1938, but was arrested that year as an enemy of the people. He was executed two and a half years later. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Pavel Sudoplatov 1907 - 1996 Pavel Sudoplatov (1907 - September, 1996) was a member of the intelligence services of the Soviet Union who rose to the rank of major general. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Iosif (usually anglicized as Joseph) Vissarionovich Stalin (Russian: Иосиф Виссарионович Сталин), original name Ioseb Jughashvili (Georgian: იოსებ ჯუღაშვი&#4314... Yevhen Konovalets (1891-1938) was a military commander of the UNR army and political leader of the Ukrainian nationalist movement. ...


Later in June, 1941, Sudoplatov was placed in charge of the NKVD's Administration for Special Tasks, the principal task of which was to carry out sabotage operations behind enemy lines in wartime (both it and the Foreign Department had also been used to carry out assassinations abroad). During World War II, his unit helped organize guerrilla bands, and other secret behind-the-lines units for sabotage and assassinations, to fight the Nazis. In February, 1944, Lavrenty Beria (head of NKVD) named Pavel Sudoplatov to also head the newly-formed Department S, which united both GRU and NKVD intelligence work on the atomic bomb; he was also given a management role in the Soviet atomic effort, to help with coordination. For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... National Socialism redirects here. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Lavrenty Beria Lavrentiy Pavlovich Beria (Georgian: ლავრენტი ბერია; Russian: Лаврентий Павлович Берия; (29 March 1899 – 23 December 1953), was a Soviet politician and chief of the Soviet security and police apparatus. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Pavel Sudoplatov 1907 - 1996 Pavel Sudoplatov (1907 - September, 1996) was a member of the intelligence services of the Soviet Union who rose to the rank of major general. ... For other uses, see GRU (disambiguation). ... The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 km (11 mi) above the epicenter. ...


After Sudoplatov left his post, he was replace by Vladimir Dekanozov, before becoming INO head, Dekanozov was Deputy Chairman of Georgian Council of People's Commissars and after he left his post in 1939 he become the USSR ambassador in Berlin. Vladimir Georgievich Dekanozov Владимир Георгиевич Деканозов (June 1898, Baku - 23 December 1953) headed the Soviet foreign intelligence service INO in (GUGB), part of the NKVD, from 1938 to 1939. ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full year calendar). ... An ambassador, rarely embassador, is a diplomatic official accredited to a foreign sovereign or government, or to an international organization, to serve as the official representative of his or her own country. ... Berlin is the capital city and one of the sixteen states of the Federal Republic of Germany. ...

Pavel Fitin 1907 - 1971
Pavel Fitin
1907 - 1971

For the next seven years, from 1939 to 1946, the chief foreign intelligence department (then 5,th Department of the GUGB/NKVD), was very young NKVD officer and graduate of first official intelligence school (SHON), major of State Security Pavel Fitin. Fitin graduated from a program in engineering studies at the Timiryazev Agricultural Academy in 1932 after which he served in the Red Army, then became an editor for the State Publishing House of Agricultural Literature. The Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) selected him for a special course in foreign intelligence. Image File history File links Fitin. ... Image File history File links Fitin. ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full year calendar). ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... The Main Directorate of State Security (Russian: Glavnoe Upravlenie Gosudarstvennoi Bezopasnosti) was the name of the Soviet secret police from July 1934 to April 1943. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Pavel Mikhailovich Fitin (1907 - 1971) graduated from a program in engineering studies at the Timiryazev Agricutlural Academy in 1932 afterwhich he served in the Red Army, then became an editor for the State Publishing House of Agricultural Literature. ... Red Army flag The Workers and Peasants Red Army (Russian: Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия, Raboche-Krestyanskaya Krasnaya Armiya; RKKA or usually simply the Red Army) were the armed forces first organized by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War in 1918 and that in 1922 became the army of the Soviet Union. ... The Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Russian: Коммунисти́ческая Па́ртия Сове́тского Сою́за = КПСС) was the name used by the successors of the Bolshevik faction of the Russian Social-Democratic Labour Party from 1952 to 1991, but the wording Communist Party was present in the partys name since 1918 when the Bolsheviks became the Russian...


Fitin became deputy chief of the NKVD's foreign intelligence in 1938, then a year later at the age of thirty-one became chief. The Russian Foreign Intelligence Service credits Fitin with rebuilding the depleted foreign intelligence department after Stalin's Great Terror. Fitin also is credited with providing ample warning of the German Invasion of 22 June 1941 that began the Great Patriotic War. Only the actual invasion saved Fitin from execution for providing the head of the NKVD, Lavrenty Beria, with information General Secretary of the CPSU, Josef Stalin did not want to believe. Beria retained Fitin as chief of foreign intelligence until the war ended but demoted him. This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Sluzhba Vneshney Razvedki (Служба внешней разведки) (SVR) is Russian for Foreign Intelligence Service and is the name of Russias primary external intelligence agency. ... The Reign of Terror (June 1793 - July 1794) was a period in the French Revolution characterized by brutal repression. ... Combatants Germany, Romania, Finland, Italy, Hungary, Slovakia Soviet Union Commanders Adolf Hitler, Ion Antonescu, C.G.E. Mannerheim, Benito Mussolini, Miklós Horthy, Jozef Tiso Joseph Stalin Strength ~3. ... June 22 is the 173rd day of the year (174th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 192 days remaining. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... The Eastern Front1 was the theatre of combat between Nazi Germany and its allies against the Soviet Union during World War II. It was somewhat separate from the other theatres of the war, not only geographically, but also for its scale and ferocity. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Lavrenty Beria Lavrentiy Pavlovich Beria (Georgian: ლავრენტი ბერია; Russian: Лаврентий Павлович Берия; (29 March 1899 – 23 December 1953), was a Soviet politician and chief of the Soviet security and police apparatus. ... A large number of international organizations and other bodies have a secretary general or secretary-general as their chief administrative officers or in other administrative capacities. ... (Russian, in full: Ио́сиф Виссарио́нович Ста́лин [Iosif Vissarionovich Stalin]; December 18 [O.S. December 6] 1878[1] – March 5, 1953) was the leader of the Soviet Union from the mid-1920s to his death in 1953 and General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1922-1953...


From June to September 1946, the head of foreign intelligence (MGB 1st directorate), was born in 1907 Lieutenant General Pyotr Kubatkin, when he was replace by a born in 1900 then Lieutenant General Pyotr Fedotov, before he become head of foreign intelligence he was working in OGPU/GUGB counter-intelligence and Secret Political department's, then he headed the NKVD's counter-intelligence department. From 1949 to 1951 the head of intelligence in Committee of Information was Sergey Savchenko. Savchenko was born in 1904, first he was working as a security guard. He joint Soviet security organs in 1922, in 1940s was a top NKVD man in Ukrainian SSR. When Andrey Vyshinsky become Minister for Foreign Affairs and the head of Committee of Information, Savchenko was his deputy and head of foreign intelligence. In 1951 he was replace by Lt. Gen. Yevgeny Petrovich Pitovranov, long time secret service worker. Between 1950 and 1951 he was the deputy of MGB head Viktor Abakumov. 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Lieutenant General is a military rank used in many countries. ... Year 1900 (MCM) was an exceptional common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar, but a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. ... Lieutenant General is a military rank used in many countries. ... Pyotr Vasileevich Fedotov (1900 - 1963) - was long time soviet security and intelligence officer, head of counterintelligence in NKVD/NKGB and head of foreign intelligence as the deputy chairman of the Committee of Information. ... Obedinennoe Gosudarstvennoe Politicheskoe Upravlenie (or OGPU) (Combined State Political Directorate, also translated as All Union State Political Board) was the name of the secret police in the Soviet Union in one of the stages of its development. ... The Main Directorate of State Security (Russian: Glavnoe Upravlenie Gosudarstvennoi Bezopasnosti) was the name of the Soviet secret police from July 1934 to April 1943. ... Counter Intelligence A uk label started and owned by John Machielsen. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ... 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ... 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar). ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... State motto: Пролетарі всіх країн, єднайтеся! Official language None. ... Andrey Vyshinsky Andrey Yanuaryevich Vyshinskiy (Андре́й Януа́рьевич Выши́нский) (December 10, 1883 [O.S. November 28]–November 22, 1954), also spelt Vishinsky, Vyshinski, was a Russian and Soviet jurist and later diplomat. ... 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ... 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ... The word MGB has several different meanings: MGB (USSR) was a predecessor of the KGB (secret police). ... Viktor Abakumov Viktor Semyonovich Abakumov (Russian: Виктор Семёнович Абакумов) (1894 - December 18, 1954), Soviet police official, was a protege and subordinate of Lavrenty Beria, head of the Soviet political police aparatus from 1938 to 1953. ...


When March 5, 1953 MVD and MGB are merged into the MVD by Lavrenty Beria, his people took over all high positions, the foreign intelligence (2nd Chief Directorat of the MVD), was given to Vasili Ryasnoy. After Lavrenty Beria was arrested along with his people in MVD, Aleksandr Panyushkin become the head of foreign intelligence. March 5 is the 64th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (65th in leap years). ... 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... Modern emblem of Russian MVD Russian Gendarme officers in the 1860s The Ministerstvo Vnutrennikh Del (MVD) (Министерство внутренних дел) was the Ministry of Internal Affairs in the imperial Russia, later USSR, and still bears the same name in the Russian Federation. ... Lavrenty Beria Lavrentiy Pavlovich Beria (Georgian: ლავრენტი ბერია; Russian: Лаврентий Павлович Берия; (29 March 1899 – 23 December 1953), was a Soviet politician and chief of the Soviet security and police apparatus. ... Aleksandr Semyonovich Panyushkin (14 August 1905, Samara - 12 November 1974, Moscow) was Soviet ambassador to the United States (and simultaneously resident) from 1947, transferring in July 1952 to ambassador to China. ...


First residentura and operations

In the first years of existence Soviet Russia did not have many foreign missions that could provide official camouflage for legal outpost of intelligence called residentura, so, foreign department (INO) relied mainly on illegals, officers assigned to foreign countries under false identities. Later when official Soviet embassies, diplomatic offices and foreign missions have been created in major cities around the world, they were used to built legal intelligence post called residentura. It was led by resident his real identity was known only to the ambassador. An ambassador, rarely embassador, is a diplomatic official accredited to a foreign sovereign or government, or to an international organization, to serve as the official representative of his or her own country. ...


First operations of Soviet intelligence concentrated mainly on Russian military and political emigration organizations. According to Lenin directions foreign intelligence department has choose as his main target the White Guard people (White movement), which the largest groups were in Berlin, Paris and Warsaw. Intelligence and counter-intelligence department led long so called intelligence games, against Russian emigration, as a result of those games main representatives of Russian emigration like Boris Savinkov were arrested and sent for many years to prisons. Another well known action against Russian emigration conducted in the 1920s was Operation Trust (Trust Operation). "Trest" was an operation to set up a fake anti-Bolshevik underground organization, "Monarchist Union of Central Russia", MUCR (Монархическое объединение Центральной России, МОЦР). The "head" of the MUCR was Alexander Yakushev (Александр Александрович Якушев), a former bureaucrat of Ministry of Communications of Imperial Russia, who after the Russian Revolution joined the Narkomat of External Trade (Наркомат внешней торговли), when the Soviets had to allow the former specialists (called "specs", "спецы") to take positions of their expertise. This position allowed him to travel abroad and contact Russian emigrants. MUCR kept the monarchist general Alexander Kutepov (Александр Кутепов), head of a major emigrant force, Russian All-Military Union (Русский общевоинский союз), from active actions, who was convinced to wait for the development of the internal anti-Bolshevik forces. Vladimir Ilyich Lenin ( Russian: Влади́мир Ильи́ч Ле́нин  listen?), original surname Ulyanov (Улья́нов) ( April 22 (April 10 ( O.S.)), 1870 – January 21, 1924), was a... White Army redirects here. ... Berlin is the capital city and one of the sixteen states of the Federal Republic of Germany. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Floating not submerging) Paris Eiffel tower as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ... Motto: Contemnit procellas (It defies the storms) Semper invicta (Always invincible) Coordinates: Country Poland Voivodeship Masovia Powiat city county Gmina Warszawa Districts 18 boroughs City Rights turn of the 13th century Government  - Mayor Hanna Gronkiewicz-Waltz (PO) Area  - City 516. ... Boris Viktorovich Savinkov (Russian:Борис Викторович Савинков) (1879-1925) was a Russian writer and terrorist. ... Bolshevik Party Meeting. ... Underground Resistance (commonly abbreviated to UR) are a musical collective from Detroit, Michigan, in the United States of America. ... A bureaucrat is a member of a bureaucracy, usually within an institution of the government. ... Imperial Russia is the term used to cover the period of history from the expansion of Russia under Peter the Great, through the expansion of the Russian Empire from the Baltic Sea to the Pacific Ocean, to the deposal of Nicholas II of Russia, the last tsar, at the start... The Russian Revolution of 1917 was a series of political and social upheavals in Russia, involving first the overthrow of the tsarist autocracy, and then the overthrow of the liberal and moderate-socialist Provisional Government, resulting in the establishment of Soviet power under the control of the Bolshevik party. ... From 1919 to 1946, functions of ministers in the government of Russia and, later, the Soviet Union were performed by Peoples Commissars (Russian title: Narodny Komissar, or Narkom). ... Alexander Pavlovich Kutepov (Александр Павлович Кутепов in Russian) (9. ... The Russian All-Military Union (in Russian Русский Обще Воинский Союз, abbreviated as РОВС) was founded by White Army General Pyotr Wrangel in Yugoslavia on September 1st, 1924. ...


Among the successes of "Trest" was the luring of Boris Savinkov and Sidney Reilly into the Soviet Union to be arrested. In Soviet intelligence history 1930's have proceeded as a so called Era of the Great Illegals. Among others Arnold Deutsch and Yuri Modin, were officers leading Cambridge Five case. Boris Viktorovich Savinkov (Russian:Борис Викторович Савинков) (1879-1925) was a Russian writer and terrorist. ... Lieutenant Sidney George Reilly, MC (c. ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link is to a full 1930 calendar). ... Yuri Modin (1922- present) was the KGB controller for the so called Cambridge Five, from 1944 to 1955, during which period Donald MacLean was said to have passed atomic secrets to the Soviets, and he later arranged the 1951 defections of Maclean and Guy Burgess. ... The Cambridge Five (also sometimes known as the Cambridge Four) was a ring of British spies who passed information to the Soviet Union during World War II and into the early 1950s. ...


One of the biggest successes of Soviet foreign intelligence was the penetration of the American Manhattan Project, it was the code name for the effort during World War II to develop the first nuclear weapons of the United States with assistance from the United Kingdom and Canada. Information gathered in United States, Great Britain and Canada, especially in USA, by NKVD and NKGB agents then supplied to Soviet physicists, allowed them to carry out first nuclear explosion already in 1949.


First Chief Directorate

In March 1954, Soviet state security underwent its last major postwar reorganization. The MGB was once again removed from the MVD, but downgraded from a ministry to the Committee for State Security or KGB, and formally attached to the Council of Ministers in an attempt to keep it under political control. The boddy responsible for foreign operations and intelligence collection activities was First Chief Directorate (FCD).
The first head of FCD was Aleksandr Panyushkin, the former ambassador to the United States and China and former head of Second Chief Directorate in MVD responsible for foreign intelligence. Panyushkin's doplomatic background, howeyer, did not imply any softening in MVD/KGB operational methods abroad. Indeed, one of the first foreign operations personally supervisied by Panyushkin was Operation Rhine, the attempted assassination of a Ukrainian emigre leader in West Germany. In 1956 Panyushkin was succeeded by his former deputy Aleksandr Sakharovsky, who was to remain head of FCD for record period of 15 years. He was remembered in the FCD chiefly as an efficient, energetic administrator. Sakharovsky had, however, no firsthand experience of the West. Having joined the NKVD in 1939 at the age of thirty, he had made his postwar reputation as an MGB advisier in Eastern Europe, serving mainly in Rumania. In 1971 Sakharovsky was succeeded by his 53 year old former deputy Fyodor Mortin, a career KGB officer who had risen steadily through the ranks as a loyal protege of Sakharovsky. Mortin was on top the FCD only for 2 years in 1974 he was succeeded by the 50 year old Vladimir Kryuchkov, who was almost to equal Sakharovsky's record term as head of the FCD. after 14 years in FCD Hq, he was to become chairman of the KGB in 1988. Kryuchkov joined the Soviet diplomatic service, stationed in Hungary until 1959. He then worked for the Communist Party HQ in Ukraine for eight years before joining the KGB in 1967. In 1988 he was promoted to General of the Army rank and became KGB Chairman. In 1989-1990, he was a member of Politburo. The next and last head of FCD was born on March 24, 1935 in Moscow Leonid Shebarshin. March is the third month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Soviet redirects here. ... The word MGB has several different meanings: MGB (USSR) was a predecessor of the KGB (secret police). ... Modern emblem of Russian MVD Russian Gendarme officers in the 1860s The Ministerstvo Vnutrennikh Del (MVD) (Министерство внутренних дел) was the Ministry of Internal Affairs in the imperial Russia, later USSR, and still bears the same name in the Russian Federation. ... Aleksandr Semyonovich Panyushkin (14 August 1905, Samara - 12 November 1974, Moscow) was Soviet ambassador to the United States (and simultaneously resident) from 1947, transferring in July 1952 to ambassador to China. ... 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A compass rose with west highlighted This article refers to the cardinal direction; for other uses see West (disambiguation). ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full year calendar). ... The word MGB has several different meanings: MGB (USSR) was a predecessor of the KGB (secret police). ... Map of Eastern Europe Pre-1989 division between the West (grey) and Eastern Bloc (orange) superimposed on current national boundaries: Russia (dark orange), other countries of the former USSR (medium orange),members of the Warsaw pact (light orange), and other former Communist regimes not aligned with Moscow (lightest orange). ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Vladimir Alexandrovich Kryuchkov (Владимир Александрович Крючков in Russian) was born in Volgograd in 1924. ... Note: This article is about the KGB of the USSR. KGB is also the official title of the Belarusian intelligence services. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... MCMXC redirects here; for the Enigma album, see MCMXC a. ... March 24 is the 83rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (84th in leap years). ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ... Location Position of Moscow in Europe Government Country District Subdivision Russia Central Federal District Federal City Mayor Yuriy Luzhkov Geographical characteristics Area  - City 1,081 km² Population  - City (2007)    - Density 10,469,000   9684. ... Leonid Vladimirovich Shebarshin (b. ...


KGB organization

The KGB was organized into directorates, with certain directorates assigned a “chief” status due to their importance. Some were: Directorate is an agency headed by a director, usually a subdivision of a major government department. ...

  • The First Chief Directorate (Foreign Operations) — responsible for foreign operations and intelligence-gathering. This chief directorate had many sub-directorates of its own.
  • The Second Chief Directorate — responsible for counterintelligence and internal political control of citizens and foreigners in the Soviet Union.
  • The Third Chief Directorate (Armed Forces) — controlled military counter-intelligence and the political surveillance of the Soviet armed forces.
  • The Fourth Directorate (Transport)
  • The Fifth Chief Directorate — also responsible for internal security; originally combated political dissent; later assumed tasks of the Second Chief Directorate, such as controlling religious dissent, monitoring artists, and publications censorship; it was renamed Directorate Z (to Protect the Constitutional Order) in 1989
  • The Sixth Directorate (Economic Counterintelligence and Industrial Security)
  • The Seventh Directorate ([[Surveillance]]) — handled surveillance, providing equipment to follow and monitor activities of both foreigners and Soviet citizens.
  • The Eighth Chief Directorate — responsible for communications, monitoring foreign communications, and the cryptologic systems used by KGB divisions, KGB transmissions to overseas stations, and the development of communications technology.
  • The Ninth Directorate (Guards) (later the KGB Protection Service) — 40,000-man uniformed guard force providing bodyguard services to the principal CPSU leaders (and families) and major Soviet government facilities (including nuclear-weapons stocks). It operated the Moscow VIP subway system, and the secure government telephone system linking high-level government and CPSU officers; it became the Federal Protective Service (FPS) under Boris Yeltsin.
  • The Fifteenth Directorate (Security of Government Installations)
  • The Sixteenth Directorate (Communications Interception and SIGINT) — upgraded from Department to Directorate, operated the Soviet Union's government telephone and telegraph systems, thus ensuring successful interception of all communications of interest to the KGB.
  • The Border Guards Directorate — 245,000-man border security force dealt with smuggling along the Soviet Union's borders with terrestrial, naval, and air force contingents.
  • The Operations and Technology Directorate encompasses all the laboratories and scientific research centers for creating bugging, taping, and shooting devices (including Laboratory 12 which created poisons and psychotropic substances)

The First Chief Directorate (Russian: Первое Главное Управление) [or-PGU] of the Committee for State Security (KGB), was the organization responsible for foreign operations and intelligence collection activities by the training and management of covert agents, intelligence collection management, and the collection of political, scientific and technical intelligence. ... Individual rights Free speech, free press Soap box, Speakers corner (Hyde Park), blog (weblog) prior restraint, censorship, self-censorship, censor Right to assembly Gay rights, Stonewall Feminism, ERA, equal pay, Title IX Famous political dissenters Gandhi Steve Biko Nelson Mandela Martin Luther King, Jr. ... Censorship is the removal or withholding of information from the public by a controlling group or body. ... In the Russian Federation, the Federal Protective Service was formerly the Ninth Chief (aka The Guards) Directorate of the KGB and is now an independent organization. ... “Yeltsin” redirects here. ... A bug is the common name for a covert listening device, usually a combination of a miniature radio transmitter with a microphone. ... Taping is a form of strapping. ... This article is about the dangerous substance. ... A psychoactive drug or psychotropic substance is a chemical substance that acts primarily upon the central nervous system where it alters brain function, resulting in temporary changes in perception, mood, consciousness and behavior. ...

FCD organization

FCD Image File history File links Download high resolution version (564x793, 16 KB) Summary Structure organization of First Chief Directorate of the KGB [Source - The Mitrokhin Archive, The KGB in Europe and the West (Christopher Andrew and Vasili Mitrokhin)] Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to...


KGB Residents in the United States

Washington, DC

Vasily Mikhailovich Zarubin (1894–1972) was a Soviet intelligence officer. ... Aleksandr Semyonovich Panyushkin (14 August 1905, Samara - 12 November 1974, Moscow) was Soviet ambassador to the United States (and simultaneously resident) from 1947, transferring in July 1952 to ambassador to China. ... Alexandre Feklisov Aleksandr Semyonovich Feklisov was the KGB Case Officer who recruited Julius Rosenberg and Klaus Fuchs, among others. ...

FCD Residentura organization

Heads of Intelligence

INO/INU/FCD Head Service 1920 – 1991
Yakov Davydov foreign department of Cheka 1920 – 1921
Solomon Mogilevsky foreign department of Cheka 1921 – ?
Mikhail Trilisser foreign department of GPU/OGPU 1921 – 1930
Artur Artuzov foreign department of OGPU/GUGB-NKVD 1930 – 1936
Abram Slutsky 7th Department of GUGB-NKVD 1936 – 1938
Zelman Passov 7th Department of GUGB-NKVD 1938
Sergey Spigelglas 7th Department of GUGB-NKVD 1938 – 1938
Pavel Sudoplatov 7th Department of GUGB-NKVD 1938 – 1938
Vladimir Dekanozov 7th Department of GUGB-NKVD 1938 – 1939
Pavel Fitin 5th Department of GUGB-NKVD/1st directorate of NKVD/NKGB/MGB 1939 – 1946
Pyotr Kubatkin 1st Directorat of MGB 1946
Pyotr Fedotov 1st Directorat of MGB/Committee of Information 1946 – 1949
Sergey Savchenko Committee of Information 1949 – 1951
Yevgeny Pitovranov 1st Chief Directorat of MGB 1952 – 1953
Vasili Ryasnoy 2nd Chief Directorat of the MVD 1953
Aleksandr Panyushkin 2nd Chief Directorat of the MVD/1st Chief Directorat of KGB 1953 – 1955
Aleksandr Sakharovsky 1st Chief Directorat of KGB 1956 – 1971
Fyodor Mortin 1st Chief Directorat of KGB 1971 – 1974
Vladimir Kryuchkov 1st Chief Directorat of KGB 1974 – 1988
Leonid Shebarshin 1st Chief Directorat of KGB 1988 – 1991

Yakov Khristoforovich Davydov (born Davtyan, Russian: Яков Христофорович Давыдов (Давтян); 10 October 1888 – 1938) was, as head of the Chekas Foreign Department from 1921 to 1922, the first head of Soviet foreign intelligence. ... Solomon Grigorevich Mogilevsky Соломон Григорьевич Могилевский (1885 - 1925) headed the Soviet foreign intelligence service, the INO of the GPU, from 1921 to May 1922, when he was sent to head the GPU in the South Caucasus region. ... Mikhail Abramovich Trilisser Михаил Абрамович Трилиссер (1 April 1883, Astrakhan - 1938) headed the foreign intelligence operations of the Soviet Union from May 1922 (when they were part of the Cheka) to October 1929 (when they were part of OGPU). ... Artur Khristyanovich Artuzov (surname at birth Frauchi) Артур Христианович Артузов (Фраучи), (18 February 1891, Tver region, Russia - 1937) headed the Soviet foreign intelligence service INO, part of OGPU, later the NKVD, from August 1931 to May 1935. ... Abram Aronovich Slutsky Абрам Аронович Слуцкий (July 1898, Parafievka, Chernigov region - 17 February 1938, Moscow) headed the Soviet foreign intelligence service (GUGB), then part of the NKVD, from May 1935 to February 1938. ... Zelman Isaevich Passov Зельман Исаевич Пассов (1905, Staraya Russa, Russia - 15 February 1940) headed the Soviet foreign intelligence service, then part of the NKVD from June to November 1938, when he was arrested. ... Sergey Mikhailovich Spigelglas Сергей Михайлович Шпигельглас (29 April 1897, Grodno region - 29 January 1941) was acting head of the Soviet foreign intelligence service, then part of the NKVD, from February to June 1938, but was arrested that year as an enemy of the people. He was executed two and a half years later. ... Pavel Sudoplatov 1907 - 1996 Pavel Sudoplatov (1907 - September, 1996) was a member of the intelligence services of the Soviet Union who rose to the rank of major general. ... Vladimir Georgievich Dekanozov Владимир Георгиевич Деканозов (June 1898, Baku - 23 December 1953) headed the Soviet foreign intelligence service INO in (GUGB), part of the NKVD, from 1938 to 1939. ... Pavel Mikhailovich Fitin (1907 - 1971) graduated from a program in engineering studies at the Timiryazev Agricutlural Academy in 1932 afterwhich he served in the Red Army, then became an editor for the State Publishing House of Agricultural Literature. ... Pyotr Vasileevich Fedotov (1900 - 1963) - was long time soviet security and intelligence officer, head of counterintelligence in NKVD/NKGB and head of foreign intelligence as the deputy chairman of the Committee of Information. ... Aleksandr Semyonovich Panyushkin (14 August 1905, Samara - 12 November 1974, Moscow) was Soviet ambassador to the United States (and simultaneously resident) from 1947, transferring in July 1952 to ambassador to China. ... Vladimir Alexandrovich Kryuchkov (Владимир Александрович Крючков in Russian) was born in Volgograd in 1924. ... Leonid Vladimirovich Shebarshin (b. ...

References

  • Christopher Andrew and Oleg Gordievsky - KGB the inside story of its Foreign Operations from Lenin to Gorbachev - Harper Collins Publishers
  • Mitrokhin, Vasili; Christopher Andrew (1999). The Sword and the Shield: The Mitrokhin Archive and the Secret History of the KGB. Basic Books. ISBN 0-465-00310-9. 

Christopher Maurice Andrew (born 23 July 1941) is a British historian and professor with a special interest in international relations and in particular the history of intelligence services. ... Oleg Antonovich Gordievsky (born 10 October 1938 in Moscow, Russia), was a Colonel of the KGB and KGB Resident-designate (rezidentura) and bureau chief in London, who defected to the United Kingdom. ...

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
First Chief Directorate - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2132 words)
The First Chief Directorate (Russian: Первое Главное Управление) [or-PGU] of the Committee for State Security (KGB), was the organization responsible for foreign operations and intelligence collection activities by the training and management of covert agents, intelligence collection management, and the collection of political, scientific and technical intelligence.
In 1922 after creation of State Political Directorate (GPU) and connecting it with People's Commisariat for Internal Affairs of the RSFSR, foreign intelligence was conduct by GPU Foreign Department, and between December 1923 and July 1934 by Foreign Department of Joint State Political Administration or OGPU.
In MVD the foreign intelligence was conduct by the Second Chief Directorate, and after the creation of KGB foreign intelligence was conduct by the First Chief Directorate of the Committee for State Security or KGB.
KGB FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE ROLE - Russia / Soviet Intelligence Agencies (823 words)
The longtime head of the First Chief Directorate, Vladimir Kriuchkov, who had served under Andropov and his successors, was named head of the KGB in 1988.
Directorate T was created from the former Department 10 in 1963 to intensify the acquisition of Western strategic, military and industrial technology.
Planning and Analysis Directorate (Directorate I) Directorate I was established in 1969 to review past operations as a guide to improving future initiatives, although in practice it was said to function more as a dumping-ground for aging or inept officers.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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