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Encyclopedia > First Battle of Tarain

The First Battle of Tarain, also known as the First Battle of Taraori, was fought in 1191 at the town of Tarain (Taraori), near Thanesar in present-day Haryana, approximately 150 kilometres north of Delhi. // Events May 12 - Richard I of England marries Berengaria of Navarre. ... Thanesar is an old and historic town on the banks of the Ghaggar river in North India, located approximately 160 km northwest of Delhi. ... Haryana (हरयाणा) is a state in north India. ... This article deals with the metropolis of Delhi. ...

The battle pitted the armies of Muhammad of Ghor, conqueror of the Ghaznevid Kingdom of northwestern India, against the armies of Prithviraj III, a handsome Rajput of the Chauhan clan who ruled the most powerful kingdom in northern India. Muhammad of Ghor or Muhammad Ghori (originally named Muizz-ad-din) (1162 - 1206) was a Persian conqueror and sultan between 1171 and 1206. ... The Ghaznavid Empire was a state in the region of todays Afghanistan that existed from 963 to 1187. ... Prithviraj III (c. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... The Chauhans or Chahamana are a clan who ruled parts of northern India in the Middle Ages. ...

Muhammad's conquests had brought his kingdom right to the border of Prithviraj's, and in 1191 Muhammad captured a fortress, either Sirhind or Bathinda in present-day Punjab state, on Prithviraj's northwestern frontier. Prithviraj's army, led by his vassal Govinda-raja of Delhi, rushed to the defense of the frontier, and the two armies met at Tarain. Sirhind means head of Hindus. ... Bathinda is a city in Punjab state of northwestern India. ... This article details the Indian state of Punjab. ...

The armies clashed, and Muhammad and Govinda-raja met in personal combat. Govinda-raja lost his front teeth to Muhammad's lance, but wounded Muhammad with a spear to his upper arm. Muhammad was wounded and retreated from the field, and his army, fearing their leader dead, broke off in retreat. The Rajput army chose not to pursue them as it was regarded a sign of Rajput chivalry not to chase a fleeing foe. Rajputs were known throughout Indian history for their stress on chivalry, which often meant putting themselves willingly in a weak position against their foe. Rajputs regarded themselves as descendants of old Hindu warriors like Karna, of the Mahabharat, who gave away his armour to his foe on the eve of the battle in a display of gallantry.

Instead of pursuing Ghori, Prithviraj instead moved north to free the fortress.

Muhammad retreated to his capital at Ghazni, and the following year led an army to challenge Prithviraj at the Second Battle of Tarain. Minaret, July 2001 Ghazni is a city in central Afghanistan, situated on a plateau at 7280 feet above sea level. ... The Second Battle of Tarain was fought in 1192 at Tarain, the site of the First Battle of Tarain a year earlier. ...

  Results from FactBites:
Prithviraj III - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (516 words)
Prithviraj's army, led by his vassal Govinda-raja of Delhi, defeated Muhammad's army in 1191 at the First Battle of Tarain.
After defeating Ghori in the first battle, Prithviraj eloped with his beautiful lover Samyukta, the princess of Kanouj.
Muhammad attacked Prithviraj's kingdom the next year with a cruel army, and the two kings met in battle again at the Second Battle of Tarain in 1192.
Muhammad of Ghor - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (444 words)
In 1191, he invaded the territory of Prithviraj III of Ajmer, who ruled much of present-day Rajasthan and Haryana, but was defeated at the First Battle of Tarain by Govinda-raja of Delhi, Prithviraj's vassal.
The Ghori army met Prithviraj's army again at the Second Battle of Tarain, and this time Muhammad Ghori was victorious.
In the second battle of tarain with Prithviraj Chauhan of India, he himself killed more than 1,00,000 rajput soldiers including Prithviraj.
  More results at FactBites »



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