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Encyclopedia > Fireplace
Winter (fireplace), tacuinum sanitatis casanatensis (XIV century)
Winter (fireplace), tacuinum sanitatis casanatensis (XIV century)

A fireplace is an architectural element consisting of a space designed to contain a fire, generally for heating but sometimes also for cooking. The space where the fire is contained is called a firebox or firepit; a chimney or other flue allows gas and particulate exhaust to escape the building. While most fireplaces are constructed in building interiors, sometimes outdoor fireplaces are created for evening warmth, outdoor cooking or decorative purposes. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1000x1086, 319 KB) Tacuina sanitatis (XIV century) Česky | Deutsch | English | Ελληνικά | Español | فارسی | Français | עברית | Indonesian | Italiano | 日本語 | 한국어 | Magyar | Nederlands | Polski | Português | Românǎ | Русский | Slovenščina | Српски | Sunda | 简体中文 | 正體中文 | Türkçe | Русский | Українська +/- File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1000x1086, 319 KB) Tacuina sanitatis (XIV century) Česky | Deutsch | English | Ελληνικά | Español | فارسی | Français | עברית | Indonesian | Italiano | 日本語 | 한국어 | Magyar | Nederlands | Polski | Português | Românǎ | Русский | Slovenščina | Српски | Sunda | 简体中文 | 正體中文 | Türkçe | Русский | Українська +/- File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this... The Tacuinum (sometimes Taccuinum) Sanitatis is a medieval handbook on wellness, based on the Taqwin al‑sihha (Tables of Health), an Arab medical treatise by Ibn Butlan; it exists in several variant Latin versions, the manuscripts of which are profusely illustrated. ... This article is about building architecture. ... For other uses, see Fire (disambiguation). ... HVAC may also stand for High-voltage alternating current HVAC is an initialism that stands for heating, ventilation and air-conditioning. This is sometimes referred to as climate control. ... Cooking is the act of preparing food. ... The firebox or firepit is the part of the fireplace where fuel is combusted, in distinction to the hearth, chimney, mantle, overmantle and flue elements of the total fireplace system. ... Look up Chimney in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A flue is a duct, pipe, or chimney for conveying exhaust gases from a fireplace, furnace, water heater, boiler, or generator to the outdoors. ... Gas phase particles (atoms, molecules, or ions) move around freely Gas is one of the four major states of matter, consisting of freely moving atoms or molecules without a definite shape and without a definite volume. ... Particulates, alternatively referred to as particulate matter (PM), aerosols or fine particles, are tiny particles of solid or liquid suspended in a gas. ... An outdoor fireplace is a place for building fires outside of the home. ... Look up Decoration in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

Contents

Uses

In colder climates throughout the world, the fireplace or hearth has traditionally been a central feature of the household, as it gives warmth to aid survival through an extended winter. The sensation of direct heat, and the mesmerizing leaps and flickers of a wood fire, make its use enjoyable in cold conditions even today. For other uses, see Temperature (disambiguation). ... In common historic and modern usage, a hearth (Har-th) is a brick- or stone-lined fireplace or oven used for cooking and/or heating. ... For other uses, see Winter (disambiguation). ... For the novel by Lucas Hyde, see Hypnosis (novel). ... For other uses, see Wood (disambiguation). ...


As a result, people gather around a fireplace for conversation and family bonding. After the workday, it is often the place where a family meets at night before retiring to sleep. One famous use of this tradition in the United States during the Great Depression was President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's "fireside chats", weekly radio addresses in which he made use of the family gathering time to state his views on issues of national importance. For the film, see The Conversation. ... Look up Family in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Sleep (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ... Franklin Delano Roosevelt (January 30, 1882–April 12, 1945), 32nd President of the United States, the longest-serving holder of the office and the only man to be elected President more than twice, was one of the central figures of 20th century history. ... FDR shortly after giving one of his famous fireside chats The fireside chats were a series of thirty evening radio talks given by United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt between 1933 and 1944. ...


Fireplace mantels are the focus of custom interior decoration. A mantel traditionally offers a unique opportunity for the architect/designer to create a personal statement unique to the room they are creating. Historically the mantel defines the architectural style of the interior decor. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Mantelpiece. ...


Types of fireplace

In many places, coal, wood or peat burning fires are being replaced by cleaner and often safer natural gas fueled fireplaces and electric fireplaces. Some governmental agencies have placed a partial ban on solid fuel burning fireplaces based upon air pollution concerns. Gas fireplaces very often burn off a small amount of their fuel in a flickering display meant to recall that of a wood fire. Alternatively, flame-shaped paper streamers wave vertically in the air, held up by the updraft produced by a heating element. In recent years, Ventless Gel Fireplaces have received quite a bit of attention. They are a free standing fireplace requiring no chimney and no hearth, but they add fireplace ambiance to any room and they produce a considerable amount of heat. Coal Example chemical structure of coal Coal (pronounced ) is a fossil fuel formed in swamp ecosystems where plant remains were saved by water and mud from oxidization and biodegradation. ... For other uses, see Wood (disambiguation). ... Peat in Lewis, Scotland Peat is an accumulation of partially decayed vegetation matter. ... For other uses, see Natural gas (disambiguation). ... An electric fireplace is a fireplace powered by electricity rather than traditional fuel sources such as coal, wood, peat, or natural gas. ... Air pollution is the modification of the natural characteristics of the atmosphere by a chemical, particulate matter, or biological agent. ... For other uses, see Paper (disambiguation). ... A streamer is a variant on a parachute which uses a strip of material instead of a canopy. ... An Updraft or Downdraft is refers to the vertical movement of air as a weather related phenomenom. ...

Wood-burning fireplace with burning log. Some other logs become dried and heated up around the fire so that they will be burned better.
Wood-burning fireplace with burning log. Some other logs become dried and heated up around the fire so that they will be burned better.

Many new homes are no longer equipped with an open fireplace, its (inefficient) heating function long since taken over by central heating and its social function by the home entertainment center. Some fireplaces have been closed off not allowing them to be used, either the top of the chimney has a concrete slab installed over it or the bottom has had a board nailed to it. This is so the fireplace does not suck out warm air. Prefabricated fireplaces have become popular because of their lower construction cost but offer a limited range of sizes and styles. Brick or stone fireplaces have greater durability and can be designed to meet exact specifications for opening size, depth, and facing material. They also cost significantly more to construct. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (971x730, 497 KB) Descrição do ficheiro Photo of my fireplace; taken by me, Francisco Belard (Belard) with a cheap HP Photosmart 635 camera in 15/12/2004; touched up and cropped with Jasc Paint Shop Pro 9. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (971x730, 497 KB) Descrição do ficheiro Photo of my fireplace; taken by me, Francisco Belard (Belard) with a cheap HP Photosmart 635 camera in 15/12/2004; touched up and cropped with Jasc Paint Shop Pro 9. ... For the Grand Central Records albums, see Central Heating (Grand Central album) and Central Heating 2. ... Home cinema, also called Home theater, seeks to reproduce cinema quality video and audio in the home. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


A fireplace may consist of some or all of the following elements: foundation, hearth, firebox, fireplace mantel, ashdump door, chimney crane, cleanout door, grate or iron bars, lintel, lintel bar, overmantel, breast, damper, smoke chamber, throat, flue, chimney chase, crown, cap or shroud, and spark arrestor. In common historic and modern usage, a hearth (Har-th) is a brick- or stone-lined fireplace or oven used for cooking and/or heating. ... The firebox or firepit is the part of the fireplace where fuel is combusted, in distinction to the hearth, chimney, mantle, overmantle and flue elements of the total fireplace system. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Mantelpiece. ... This page is a candidate to be copied to Wiktionary. ... Pre-fabricated, pre-tensioned concrete lintels spanning garage doors. ... Carved and inlaid Late Baroque supraporte in Toruń, Poland An overdoor (or supraporte) is the name given to a painting, bas-relief or decorative panel, generally in a horizontal format, that is set within ornamental mouldings placed over a door in classicizing or Rococo interiors. ... In a duct or chimney, a damper is a valve or plate that stops or regulates the flow of air. ... A flue is a duct, pipe, or chimney for conveying exhaust gases from a fireplace, furnace, water heater, boiler, or generator to the outdoors. ... A spark arrester is a device intended to prevent combustible materials, usually sparks or other tiny flaming debris, from escaping into other areas. ...


Types of fireplace include:

A Manufactured fireplace
A Manufactured fireplace
  • Masonry (brick or stone fireplaces and chimneys) with or without tile lined flue. Tiles are used to line the flue to keep the corrosive combustion products from eating away the chimney flue lining. Unreinforced masonry chimneys do not stand up to earthquakes well.
  • Reinforced concrete chimneys. Popular during the 1970s to 1980s. Fundamental flaws (the difference in thermal expansion rates between steel rebar and concrete which caused the chimney flues to crack when heated) bankrupted the US manufacturers and obsoleted the technique. This type of chimney often shows vertical cracks on the exterior of the chimney which worsen as the internal rebar rusts.
  • Manufactured or 'Prefab' fireplace with sheet metal fire box and double or triple walled metal pipe running up inside a wood framed chase with a chase cover and cap/spark arrestor at the top to keep birds out and sparks in. Within about one hundred meters from salt water this type of chimney is subject to rusting. Otherwise it is competitive to the masonry chimney.

Some dogs used to sleep in fireplaces when there wasn't a fire going to keep warm. This article refers to the building structure component; for the fraternal organization, see Freemasonry. ... Reinforced concrete at Sainte Jeanne dArc Church (Nice, France): architect Jacques Dror, 1926–1933 Reinforced concrete, also called ferroconcrete in some countries, is concrete in which reinforcement bars (rebars) or fibers have been incorporated to strengthen a material that would otherwise be brittle. ...


History

Ancient fire pits were built into the ground in the center of a hut or dwelling. The smoke escaped through holes in the roof. Thousands of years later, with the development of two story buildings, the fireplace was moved to outside of the structure. At this time, fireplaces were still vented horizontally and often smoke would be blown outside or even back into the room. The chimney presented a fix for this problem and vented the smoke outside of the dwelling.


In 1578 Prince Ruppert, the nephew of Charles I, raised the grate of the fireplace which improved the airflow and venting system. The 1700s saw two important developments in the history of fireplaces. Ben Franklin developed a convection chamber for the fireplace that greatly improved the efficiency of fireplaces and wood stoves. He also improved the airflow by pulling air from a basement and venting out a longer area at the top. In the later 1700s, Count Rumford designed a fireplace with a tall, shallow firebox that was much better at drawing the smoke up and out of the building. Rumford's design is the foundation for modern fireplaces.


Accessories

Fireplace with grate.
Fireplace with grate.

There are a range of accessories used with fireplaces. For the interior firepit, the most common are grates, logboxes, andirons pellet baskets, and fire dogs, all of which are used to cradle the fuel and accelerate burning. For the exterior adornment and fireplace tending function, there are fireplace tools including poker, bellows, tongs, shovel, brush and toolstand. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1680x1260, 5317 KB) Summary Fireplace with grate. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1680x1260, 5317 KB) Summary Fireplace with grate. ... This page is a candidate to be copied to Wiktionary. ... An andiron (older form anderne; med. ... fire dogs, dating to the 11th to 9th c. ... Or was it that you were meaning Fire-stick_farming A fancy brass fireplace poker. ... A large bellows creates a mushroom cloud at the Exploratorium in San Francisco, California. ... Tongs used for cooking or serving food Tongs are gripping and lifting tools, of which there are many forms adapted to their specific use. ... Shovel with wide blade - especially appropriate for lifting snow or coal A shovel is a tool for lifting and moving loose material such as coal, gravel, snow, soil, or sand. ... For other uses, see Brush (disambiguation). ...


Maybe the most important part of the fireplace is the fireback. A good fireback not only protects the wall at the back of the fire but also increases the efficiency of the fire up to 25%. This is because the cast iron plate will radiate the heat into the room, especially the old, thick firebacks have this function. Cast iron usually refers to grey cast iron, but can mean any of a group of iron-based alloys containing more than 2% carbon (alloys with less carbon are carbon steel by definition). ...


Current versions of all mentioned accessories are available, but there are extant accessories manufactured in Europe which date at least as early as 1450 AD. For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Look up AD, ad-, and ad in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


See also

Air pollution is the modification of the natural characteristics of the atmosphere by a chemical, particulate matter, or biological agent. ... R-phrases , , , , S-phrases , , , , Flash point Flammable gas Related Compounds Related oxides carbon dioxide; carbon suboxide; dicarbon monoxide; carbon trioxide Supplementary data page Structure and properties n, εr, etc. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... The firebox or firepit is the part of the fireplace where fuel is combusted, in distinction to the hearth, chimney, mantle, overmantle and flue elements of the total fireplace system. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Mantelpiece. ...

Further reading

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Fireplaces
  • Build a Fireplace
  • Chimney Safety Institute of America
  • National Fireplace Institute
  • Comprehensive guide to outdoor fireplaces
  • Common buyers questions and answers.
Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Fireplaces - Progress Energy (543 words)
Nothing matches the charm of a glowing fire in the fireplace, but owners should be aware that they may actually be paying much more for heating and cooling than they would without the fireplace.
Fireplaces that use outside combustion air and have tightly fitting glass doors significantly reduce the loss of inside air.
And unless the fireplace has a direct outside air source for combustion, a certain amount of inside air must be drawn or the fire will not burn.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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