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Encyclopedia > Firefighter
A Canadian firefighter
A Canadian firefighter
Two American Firefighters
Two American Firefighters

Firefighters are rescuers extensively trained primarly to put out hazardous fires that threaten civilian populations and property to rescue people from car accidents, collapsed and burning buildings and other such situations. The increasing complexity of modern industrialized life with an increase in the scale of hazards has stimulated both advances in firefighting technology and a broadening of the firefighter-rescuer's remit. They sometimes provide emergency medical services. The fire service, or fire and rescue service also known in some countries as the fire brigade or fire department, are some of the emergency services. Firefighter was the most powerful diesel-electric fireboat, when built in 1938. ... Serial is a term, originating in literature, for a format by which a story is told in contiguous installments in sequential issues of a single periodical publication. ... Image File history File links Gnome-globe. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 561 pixelsFull resolution (2947 × 2065 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 561 pixelsFull resolution (2947 × 2065 pixel, file size: 1. ... A large bonfire Fire is a form of combustion. ... An Emergency medical service (abbreviated to initialism EMS in many countries) is a service providing out-of-hospital acute care and transport to definitive care, to patients with illnesses and injuries which the patient believes constitutes a medical emergency. ... Emergency services are services that deal with emergencies and other aspects of Public Safety. ...


Firefighting and firefighters have become ubiquitous around the world, from urban areas to wildland areas, and on board ships. For other uses, see City (disambiguation). ... Fire in San Bernardino, California Mountains (image taken from the International Space Station) A wildfire, also known as a forest fire, vegetation fire, grass fire, or bushfire (in Australasia), is an uncontrolled fire in wildland often caused by lightning; other common causes are human carelessness and arson. ... For other uses, see Ship (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Firefighting worldwide

Further information: Firefighting worldwide
Malaysian firefighters practice extinguishing a fuel-spill fire at a training facility.
Malaysian firefighters practice extinguishing a fuel-spill fire at a training facility.

Not all firefighters are paid for their services. In some countries, including the United States, Canada, Finland, Australia, and New Zealand, there are often paid, or "career" firefighters working. Additionally, there are volunteer and "retained" (firefighters who are paid for the specific time they are responding to emergencies -Permanent Part time career firefighters) on call 24/7. In the United Kingdom and Ireland, the use of retained firefighters (who are part-time, but are paid when on duty) rather than volunteers is standard. This article discusses national trends and protocol in fire fighting. ...


In Australia volunteer Brigades which are mostly unpaid rural services (although traditionally they are paid by their employers if called out during working hours)


In Germany, volunteer fire departments are established in every town: even the biggest German city, Berlin, with more than 3.6 million inhabitants, has volunteer fire fighters besides a career fire service. In fact, only 100 German cities (most of them are towns with more than 100,000 citizens) have a career fire service, called "Berufsfeuerwehr" in German, but in every of these cities a volunteer fire service exists, too. In cities with a career fire service, volunteer fire brigades support the career fire service at big fires, accidents and disasters. Many of the so called volunteer departments (usually in towns with 35,000 till 150,000 inhabitants), except in very small towns and villages, are in fact a mixed service of a core of career firemen who are supported by true volunteer firefighters should need arise. However, the official title of those departments is nevertheless "volunteer fire service". This article is about the capital of Germany. ... This article is about the German (Feuerwehr), a fire-fighting organisation as it exists in basically every country of the world. ...


The structure in Austria is similar to Germany. There are just 6 career fire services in Vienna, Graz, Innsbruck, Klagenfurt, Salzburg and Linz. There are about 200,000 men and women voluntary fire fighters and 4,539 volunteer departments.


In Venezuela, there are, beside the types mentioned before, the University Firefighters. They are meant to attend any emergency inside the campus and the zones around, but, their most important job is to develop new technologies in this area, thanks to the high level of edu of its members (in the Simón Bolívar University Volunteer Fire Department, around 80% of its members have a university degree or are in the process to obtain one).


Goals of firefighting

US firefighters at Shaw Air Force Base in a training exercise.
US firefighters at Shaw Air Force Base in a training exercise.

Aside from the main task of extinguishing fires, the goals of firefighting are (in order) saving lives, saving property, and protecting the environment. Firefighting is an inherently difficult occupation. As such, the skills required for safe operations are regularly practiced during training evolutions throughout a firefighters career. In the United States, the preeminent fire training and standards organization is the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA). Often initial firefighting skills are taught during a local, regional, or state approved fire academy. Depending on the requirements of a department, additional skills and certifications such as technical rescue and Para-medicine may also be taught at this time. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 531 pixelsFull resolution (4288 × 2848 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 531 pixelsFull resolution (4288 × 2848 pixel, file size: 2. ... F-16CJ Fighting Falcon taking off from Shaw AFB as part of enforcing the northern no fly zone in Iraq. ... The National Fire Protection Association (established 1896) is an independent, voluntary-membership, nonprofit (tax-exempt) organization. ...

Firefighters work closely with other emergency response agencies, most particularly local and state police departments. As every fire scene is technically a crime scene until deemed otherwise by a qualified investigator, there is often overlap between the responsibilities of responding firefighters and police officers such as evidence and scene protection, initial observations of first respondents, and chain of evidence issues.[citation needed] The increasing role of firefighters in providing emergency medical services also brings firefighters into common overlap with law enforcement. One example of this is a common state law requiring all gunshot wounds to be reported to law enforcement agencies. Image File history File linksMetadata Wallsend_fire_15. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Wallsend_fire_15. ... New South Wales Fire Brigades NSW Fire Brigades insignia The NSW Fire Brigades (NSWFB) is the NSW government agency responsible for managing fire emergencies in the major cities, metropolitan areas and towns across rural and regional NSW. Under the Fire Brigades Act 1989 NSWFB also protect the State from hazardous... A crime scene is a location where an illegal act took place such as molestation, rape or illegal turnip smoking, and comprises the area from which most of the physical evidence is retrieved by [[forensics|forensic scientists] for example the reknowned criminal investigator and skilled forensic scientist, who is unfortunately... Fire investigation, sometimes referred to as origin and cause investigation, is the analysis of fire-related incidents. ... Chain of custody refers to the document or paper trail showing the seizure, custody, control, transfer, analysis, and disposition of physical and electronic evidence. ...


Most career (full time, paid) firefighters in North America are represented by the International Association of Fire Fighters. The International Association of Fire Fighters (IAFF) is a labor union representing fire fighters employed full-time in fire suppression and related activities in the United States and Canada. ...


Fire fighting has several basic skills: prevention, self preservation, rescue, preservation of property and fire control. Firefighting is further broken down into skills which include size-up, extinguishing, ventilation, and salvage and overhaul. Search and Rescue, which has already been mentioned, is performed early in any fire scenario and many times is in unison with extinguishing and ventilation. Rescue refers to operations that usually involve the saving of life, or prevention of injury. ... A fire-control system is a computer, often mechanical, which is designed to assist a weapon system in hitting its target. ...


Prevention

Firefighter in full turn out gear with a pickhead axe. This firefighter is dressed to demonstrate the gear; in reality the equipment would be adjusted.
Firefighter in full turn out gear with a pickhead axe. This firefighter is dressed to demonstrate the gear; in reality the equipment would be adjusted.

Prevention attempts to ensure that no place simultaneously has sufficient heat, fuel and air to allow ignition and combustion. Fernando Cardona, the leading researcher in fire prevention is accredited with much of the advancement and improvement to modern fire fighting technique. Most prevention programs are directed at controlling the energy of activation (heat). Download high resolution version (709x1024, 120 KB)Firefighter with Axe The fire gear worn by todays firefighter offers more protection and a better chance for survival. ... Download high resolution version (709x1024, 120 KB)Firefighter with Axe The fire gear worn by todays firefighter offers more protection and a better chance for survival. ... Axe For other uses, see Axe (disambiguation). ...

Fire engine of the Paris Fire Brigade, a French army unit.
Fire engine of the Paris Fire Brigade, a French army unit.

Fire suppression systems have a proven record for controlling and extinguishing unwanted fires. Many fire officials recommend that every building, including residences, have fire sprinkler systems. Correctly working sprinklers in a residence greatly reduce the risk of death from a fire. With the small rooms typical of a residence, one or two sprinklers can cover most rooms. Download high resolution version (2376x1320, 615 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (2376x1320, 615 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Fire engine of the Brigade Sapeurs-Pompiers de Paris parading The Paris Fire Brigade, in French Brigade Sapeurs-Pompiers de Paris(BSPP), is the fire service for the city of Paris and the surrounding departments of Seine-Saint-Denis, Val-de-Marne, Hauts-de-Seine. ... The French Army, officially the Armée de Terre (Army of the land), is the land-based component of the French Armed Forces and the largest. ... Fire sprinklers are an active fire protection measure subject to stringent bounding. ... Fire sprinklers are an active fire protection measure subject to stringent bounding. ...


In addition, a major duty of fire services is the regular inspection of buildings to ensure they are up to the current building fire codes, which are enforced so that a building can sufficiently resist fire spread, potential hazards are located, and to ensure that occupants can be safely evacuated, commensurate with the risks involved. Fire safety is a component of Building Safety. ...


Other methods of fire prevention are by directing efforts to reduce known hazardous conditions or by preventing dangerous acts before tragedy strikes. This is normally accomplished in many innovative ways such as conducting presentations, distributing safety brochures, providing news articles, writing public safety announcements(PSAs) or establishing meaningful displays in well-visited areas. Ensuring that each household has working smoke alarms, is educated in the proper techniques of fire safety, has an evacuation route and rendezvous point is of top priority in public education for most fire prevention teams in almost all fire department localities.

A firefighters memorial in Columbus, Ohio U.S.
A firefighters memorial in Columbus, Ohio U.S.

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1704x2272, 1661 KB) The Columbus Fire departments memorial at Battelle Park. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1704x2272, 1661 KB) The Columbus Fire departments memorial at Battelle Park. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Ohio, USA Coordinates: , Country State Counties Franklin, Fairfield, Delaware Government  - Mayor Michael B. Coleman (D) Area  - City 212. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American...

Self-preservation

Self-preservation is very critical. The basic technique firefighters use is to know where they are, and to avoid hazards. Current standards in the United States recommend that firefighters work in teams, using a "two-in, two-out" rule whenever in an IDLH (Immediately Dangerous to Life or Health) environment. Categories: Wikipedia cleanup | Stub | Firefighting ... Immediately Dangerous to Life and Health (IDLH or NIOSH IDLH) is a limit for personal exposure to a substance defined by the United States National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), normally expressed in parts per million (ppm). ...


Tools are generally carried at all times and are important for not only forcible entry but also for self rescue. A Self Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) delivers air to the firefighter through a full face mask and is worn to protect against smoke inhalation, toxic fumes, and super heated gasses. A special device called a Personal Alert Safety System (PASS) is commonly worn independently or as a part of the SCBA to alert others when a firefighter stops moving for a specified period of time or manually operates the device. The PASS device sounds an alarm that can assist another firefighter (Firefighter Assist and Search Team), in locating the firefighter in distress. SCBA is an acronym for Self Contained Breathing Apparatus. ... PASS device is an acronym for the Personal Alert Safety System, a one-way communications device used by firefighters entering a building to alert the outside Rapid Entry Team (Also known as a RIT, or Rapid Intervention Team), that the wearer of the PASS device is in trouble and in... SCBA is an acronym for Self Contained Breathing Apparatus. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Firefighter. ...

Firefighters often carry personal self rescue ropes. The ropes are generally 30 feet long and can provide a firefighter (that has enough time to deploy the rope) a partially controlled exit out an elevated window. Lack of a personal rescue rope is cited in the deaths of two New York City Firefighters, Lt. John Bellew and Lt. Curtis Meyran, who died after they jumped from a fourth floor of a burning apartment building in the Bronx. Of the four firefighters who jumped and survived only one of them had a self rescue rope. Since the incident the Fire Department of New York City has issued self rescue ropes to their firefighters. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A Dennis Dagger of Merseyside Fire and Rescue Service. ... Merseyside Fire and Rescue Service Is the fire service covering the county of Merseyside in north-west England and is the statutory firfighting and rescue service responsible for all 999 fire brigade calls in Sefton, Knowsley, St Helens, Liverpool and Wirral. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ...


In the United States, 25% of fatalities to firefighters are caused by vehicle accidents while responding to or returning from an incident. Many firefighters are also injured or killed by vehicles while working at an incident (Paulison 2005). However, a large percentage of firefighters also succumb to heart disease, in the line of duty.


Occupational health and safety

Cardiovascular disease

Firefighting has long been associated with poor cardiovascular outcomes. In the United States, the most common cause of on-duty fatalities for firefighers is sudden cardiac death. In addition to personal factors that may predispose an individual to coronary artery disease or other cardiovascular diseases, occupational exposures can significantly increase a firefighter's risk. For instance, carbon monoxide, present in nearly all fire environments, and hydrogen cyanide, formed during the combustion of paper, cotton, plastics, and other substances containing carbon and nitrogen, interfere with the transport of oxygen in the body. Hypoxia can then lead to heart injury. In addition, chronic exposure to particulate matter in smoke is associated with atherosclerosis. Noise exposures may contribute to hypertension and possibly ischemic heart disease. Other factors associated with firefighting, such as stress, heat stress, and heavy physical exertion, also increase the risk of cardiovascular events.[1] Coronary heart disease (CHD), also called coronary artery disease (CAD) and atherosclerotic heart disease, is the end result of the accumulation of atheromatous plaques within the walls of the arteries that supply the myocardium (the muscle of the heart). ... Some steps an individual can take to reduce the risk of cardivascular disease include: Not smoking Maintaining a healthy body mass index Maintaining a diet conducive to cardovascular health, for example the polymeal Getting regular cardiovascular exercise Diet a low energy diet Exercise aerobic exercise, which will increase the strength... Carbon monoxide, with the chemical formula CO, is a colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas. ... R-phrases , , , , . S-phrases , , , , , , , , . Flash point −17. ... For other uses, see Paper (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Cotton (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Plastic (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Carbon (disambiguation). ... General Name, symbol, number nitrogen, N, 7 Chemical series nonmetals Group, period, block 15, 2, p Appearance colorless gas Standard atomic weight 14. ... Hypoxia is a pathological condition in which the body as a whole (generalised hypoxia) or region of the body (tissue hypoxia) is deprived of adequate oxygen supply. ... Particulates, alternately referred to as Particulate Matter (PM) , aerosols or fine particles are tiny particles of solid or liquid suspended in the air. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about noise as in sound. ... For other forms of hypertension, see Hypertension (disambiguation). ... In medical terms, stress is the disruption of homeostasis through physical or psychological stimuli. ... ...


Structural collapses

Another leading cause of death during firefighting is structural collapse of part of a burning building (e.g. a wall, floor, ceiling, roof, or truss system). Structural collapse, which often occurs without warning, may crush or trap on-duty firefighters. To avoid loss of life, all on-duty firefighters should maintain two-way communication with the incident commander and be equipped with a Personal Alert Safety System device (PASS).[2][3] Look up truss in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... An Incident Commanders (IC) responsibility is the overall management of an emergency incident. ... PASS device is an acronym for the Personal Alert Safety System, a one-way communications device used by firefighters entering a building to alert the outside Rapid Entry Team (Also known as a RIT, or Rapid Intervention Team), that the wearer of the PASS device is in trouble and in...


Rescue

Firefighter exiting a structure fire.A firefighter's helmet is built to withstand falling objects.
Firefighter exiting a structure fire.
A firefighter's helmet is built to withstand falling objects.
Firefighters work to extract a victim of a vehicle collision with a semi-tractor trailer
Firefighters work to extract a victim of a vehicle collision with a semi-tractor trailer
Palm Beach County Fire-Rescue Special Operations crews work on the extraction of a buried construction worker.
Palm Beach County Fire-Rescue Special Operations crews work on the extraction of a buried construction worker.

Rescue operations consist of searching for and removing trapped occupants of hazardous conditions. Animals may also be recovered, if resources and conditions permit. Generally triage and first aid are performed outside, as removal from the hazardous atmosphere is the primary goal in preserving life. Search patterns include movement against room walls (to prevent rescuers from becoming lost or disoriented) and methodical searches of specific areas by designated teams. Unlike a fire control team, a rescue team typically moves faster, but has no hose to follow out to safety through the smoky darkness. A rescue rope may be needed for tethering a team involved in exceptionally dangerous conditions. Image File history File links Eberlyta. ... Image File history File links Eberlyta. ... PBCFR logo Palm Beach County Fire-Rescue (PBCFR) is a combination career/volunteer fire department responsible for providing Fire Protection, Emergency Medical Services, ALS Transport, Hazardous Materials Mitigation, Special Operations, Aircraft Firefighting, 9-1-1 Dispatching, Public Education, Fire Inspections, Fire Investigations, and Building Plans Review for unincorperated Palm Beach... Hazard may mean: Dangers, risks, problems A hazard is a source of potential harm. ... For other uses, see Animal (disambiguation). ... Typical triage tag used for emergency mass casualty decontamination. ... First aid is a series of simple, life-saving medical techniques that a non-doctor or layman can be trained to perform. ...


Incident commanders also arrange for standby search and rescue teams to assist if firefighters become lost, trapped, or injured. Such teams are commonly, and often interchangeably, known as Rapid Intervention Teams (RIT), or Firefighter Assist and Search Teams (FAST). According to "two-in, two-out", the only time it is permissible for a team of firefighters to enter a burning structure without backup in place outside is when they are operating in what is known as "Rescue Mode". Rescue Mode occurs when firefighters have arrived at the scene, and it is readily apparent that there are occupants trapped inside who need immediate rescue. At such a time, properly equipped firefighters (exercising good judgment tempered by training and experience) may enter the structure and proceed directly to victims in need of rescue, RIT will then be put in place when resources permit. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Firefighter. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Firefighter. ... Categories: Wikipedia cleanup | Stub | Firefighting ...


The Worcester Cold Storage Warehouse fire provides a stark example of disoriented rescuers perishing when their air supply was exhausted during a fruitless primary search and subsequent RIT searches. The Worcester Cold Storage Warehouse fire was a fire that occurred on December 3rd, 1999, in Worcester, Massachusetts. ...


Searches for trapped victims are exhaustively detailed, often including searches of cupboards, closets, and under beds. The search is divided into two stages, the primary and secondary. The primary search is conducted quickly and thoroughly, typically beginning in the area closest to the fire as it is subjected to the highest risk of exposure. The secondary search only begins once the fire is under control, and is always (resources and personnel permitting) performed by a different team from that which did the primary search. Decorative crockery and bibelots in vitré armoire or vitrina A cupboard (IPA: ) is a type of cabinet, often made of wood, used indoors to store household objects such as food and crockery, and protect them from dust and dirt. ... Wall closet in a residential house in the U.S. It is common for a mirror to be placed on the inside of a closet door. ... For other uses, see Bed (disambiguation). ...


Rescue operations may also involve the extrication of victims of motor vehicle crashes (abbreviated MVC). Here firefighters use spreaders, cutters, and hydraulic rams, collectively called hydraulic rescue tools—known better to the public as Jaws of Life—to remove metal from the patient, followed by actually removing the patient, usually on a backboard with collar, and transferring to a waiting ambulance crew in the cold zone. More technical forms of rescue include subsets such as rope rescue, swiftwater rescue, confined space rescue, and trench rescue. These types of rescue are often extremely hazardous and physically demanding. They also require extensive technical training. NFPA regulation 1006 and 1670 state that a "rescuer" must have medical training to perform any technical rescue operation. Accordingly, firefighters involved in rescue operations have some kind of medical training as first responders, emergency medical technicians, paramedics or nurses. A spreader could be: Railroad maintenance of way equipment designed to spread or shape ballast profiles along the right of way of a railroad track – see Spreader (railroad) A tool used by emergency crews in vehicle extrication – see Hydraulic spreader An attachment to a sailboats mast that changes the... Categories: Stub ... A hydraulic ram that drives a fountain at the Centre for Alternative Technology A hydraulic ram is a water-powered cyclic pump. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Rope rescue is a subset of technical rescue that involves the use of static nylon kernmantle ropes, anchoring and belaying devices, friction rappel devices, various devices to utilize mechanical advantage for hauling systems, and other specialized equipment to reach victims and safely recover them. ... Swiftwater Rescue is a subset of technical rescue that involves the use of specially trained personnel, ropes, and mechanical advantage systems often much more robust than those used in rope rescue because of the added pressure of moving water. ... Confined space rescue is a subset of technical rescue that involves the rescue and recovery of victims involved in situations where there is a confined space, which is defined by OSHA as follows: Having limited or restricted means of entry or exit Is large enough for an employee to enter... Trench rescue is a highly specialized form of rescue, a subset of confined space rescue. ... The Star of Life, a globally recognized symbol for Emergency medical services. ... This article is about the occupation. ...


Search procedure

These are standard search procedures for most fire departments. These are not actual instructions.


Searching a building is normally a two to three man team. The most common way to search a building that is filled with smoke is to crawl on hands and knees with an axe (or any other tool) in the firefighter's left hand. The firefighter will keep one hand on the wall, or a foot in contact at all times with the wall. And scoot himself forward, swinging the handle of the axe back and forth, searching for any objects in his way. If the object moves when touched, it might be a person. Depending on the sound/feel it gives back, he can check what ever the object was. If it's not a person, he will continue down along the wall.


Meanwhile his buddy/buddies have their right hand in contact with the lead firefighter's left ankle and scooting with them. This way they cover a far larger spread of ground. Once the person(s) is found, they will drag, carry, push, any way possible really, they will move the victim back the way they came because they know the way they went was safe.


It is also important to remember that the Firefighter needs to check the floor before he moves into the room. Once going into the room, he will go right, and follow the right wall. ALWAYS. Next, when in a group of 3, the 2nd in the search line will go into most rooms, check it over, and then return out. (This is when doing a very detailed search because location of the victim is unknown)


Communication and command structure

A "company" of U.S. firefighters.
A "company" of U.S. firefighters.
A New York City fireman calls for ten more rescue workers to make their way into the rubble of the World Trade Center.
A New York City fireman calls for ten more rescue workers to make their way into the rubble of the World Trade Center.
Firefighters of Palm Beach County Fire-Rescue have radios to stay in constant communication.
Firefighters of Palm Beach County Fire-Rescue have radios to stay in constant communication.
A company of firefighters of Palm Beach County Fire-Rescue.
A company of firefighters of Palm Beach County Fire-Rescue.

The expedient and accurate handling of fire alarms or calls are significant factors in the successful outcome of any incident. Fire department communications play a critical role in that successful outcome. Fire department communications include the methods by which the public can notify the communications center of an emergency, the methods by which the center can notify the proper fire fighting forces, and the methods by which information is exchanged at the scene. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3024x2016, 4321 KB)[edit] Summary My personal photograph [edit] Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3024x2016, 4321 KB)[edit] Summary My personal photograph [edit] Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... This article is about the state. ... For other uses, see World Trade Center (disambiguation). ... PBCFR logo Palm Beach County Fire-Rescue (PBCFR) is a combination career/volunteer fire department responsible for providing Fire Protection, Emergency Medical Services, ALS Transport, Hazardous Materials Mitigation, Special Operations, Aircraft Firefighting, 9-1-1 Dispatching, Public Education, Fire Inspections, Fire Investigations, and Building Plans Review for unincorperated Palm Beach... PBCFR logo Palm Beach County Fire-Rescue (PBCFR) is a combination career/volunteer fire department responsible for providing Fire Protection, Emergency Medical Services, ALS Transport, Hazardous Materials Mitigation, Special Operations, Aircraft Firefighting, 9-1-1 Dispatching, Public Education, Fire Inspections, Fire Investigations, and Building Plans Review for unincorperated Palm Beach...


A telecommunicator (often referred to as a dispatcher)[citation needed] has a role different but just as important as other emergency personnel. The telecommunicator must process calls from unknown and unseen individuals, usually calling under stressful conditions. He/she must be able to obtain complete, reliable information from the caller and prioritize requests for assistance. It is the dispatcher's responsibility to bring order to chaos. A dispatcher can mean different things (with related meanings). ...


While some fire departments are large enough to utilize their own telecommunication dispatcher, most rural and small areas rely on a central dispatcher to provide handling of fire, rescue and police services.


Firefighters are trained to use communications equipment to receive alarms, give and receive commands, request assistance, and report on conditions. Since firefighters from different agencies routinely provide mutual aid to each other, and routinely operate at incidents where other emergency services are present, it is essential to have structures in place to establish a unified chain of command, and share information between agencies. The U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency has established a National Incident Management System. One component of this system is the Incident Command System. Copy of the original phone of Alexander Graham Bell at the Musée des Arts et Métiers in Paris Telecommunication is the assisted transmission of signals over a distance for the purpose of communication. ... FEMA redirects here. ... A typical Incident Command Post The Incident Command System (ICS) is a management system used within the United States to organize emergency response and was designed to offer a scalable response to incidents of any magnitude. ...


All radio communication in the United States is under authorization from the Federal Communications Commission (FCC); as such, fire departments that operate radio equipment must hold radio licenses from the FCC. FCC redirects here. ...


Ten codes were popular in the early days of radio equipment because of poor transmission and reception. Advances in modern radio technology have reduced the need for ten-codes and many departments have converted to simple English (clear text). Ten-codes, or 10-codes, are used in two-way voice radio communication as numeric codewords for frequently used messages. ...


Most[citation needed] command structures are run in this manner:


Rank: Fire Fighter(No insignia) Yellow Helmet: Normal Helmet, No Shield Junior Fire Fighter Yellow Helmet: Black Number Shield Fire Fighter


Rank: Lieutenant(One Bugle) Yellow Helmet: Red Number Shield Black Helmet : Senior Fire Fighter Black Helmet : Red Number shield 1st Lieutenant


Rank: Captain(Two Bugle) Red Helmet  : Black Number shield 2nd Captain Red Helmet  : Red Number shield 1st Captain


Rank: Chief White Helmet : Deputy Chief (3 Bugle) White Helmet : Black Shield Assistant Chief(4 Bugle) White Helmet : White Shield Gold (5 Bugle)


There is no set 'law' to the command structure. This is just a basic idea.


Structure fires

Firefighter recruits in Canberra, Australia.

Buildings that are made of flammable materials such as wood are different from so called "fire-resistant" buildings such as concrete high-rises. Generally, a "fire-resistant" building is designed to limit fire to a small area or floor. Other floors can be safe simply by preventing smoke inhalation and damage. All buildings suspected of being on fire must be evacuated, regardless of fire rating. For other uses, see Canberra (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Wood (disambiguation). ...


While sometimes fires can be limited to small areas of a structure, wider collateral damage due to smoke, water, and burning embers is common. Utility shutoff (such as gas and electricity) is typically an early priority of arriving fire crews. Furthermore, fire prevention can take on a special meaning for property where hazardous materials are being used or stored.

ACTFB fire trucks.

Some fire fighting tactics may appear to be destructive, but often serve specific needs. For example, during "ventilation" firefighters are often forced to open holes in the roof or floors of a structure (called "vertical ventilation") or open windows or walls (called "horizontal ventilation") to remove smoke and heated gases from the interior of the structure. Such ventilation methods are also used to locate victims quicker as visibility increases and to help preserve the life of trapped or unconscious individuals due to the poisonous gases inside of the structure. Vertical Ventilation is absolutely vital to firefighter safety in the event of a Flashover or Backdraft scenario. Releasing the flammable gasses through the roof often eliminates the possibility of a backdraft and by the removal of heat the possibility of a flashover is reduced significantly. Flashovers, due to their intense heat (900 - 1200 degrees fahrenheit) and explosive temperaments are almost always fatal to firefighter personnel. Precautionary methods, such as busting a window out, often reveal backdraft situations before the firefighter enters the structure and is met with the circumstance head-on. Firefighter safety is the number one priority. In firefighting, ventilation refers to the tactic of creating a draft with an opening above or opposite the entry point so that heat and smoke will be released, permitting the firefighters to find and attack the fire. ... A flashover is the near simultaneous ignition of all combustible material in an enclosed area. ... A backdraft is a situation which can occur when a fire is starved of oxygen; consequently combustion ceases but the fuel gases and smoke remain at high temperature. ...


Whenever possible, movable property is moved into the middle of a room and covered with a heavy cloth tarp (a "salvage cover"). Other steps may be taken to divert or remove fire flow runoff (thus salvaging property by avoiding unnecessary damage), retrieving/protecting valuables found during suppression or overhaul, and boarding windows, roofs and doors against the elements and looters.


Fire control

Firefighters trying to save an abandoned convent in Massueville, Quebec, Canada
Firefighters trying to save an abandoned convent in Massueville, Quebec, Canada

Fire control (or fire fighting) consists of depriving a fire of fuel (Reducing Agent), oxygen (Oxidizing Agent), heat and/or the chemical chain reaction that are necessary to sustain itself or re-kindle (also known as the four components of The Fire Tetrahedron). Firefighters are equipped with a wide variety of equipment to accomplish this task. Some of their tools include ladder trucks, pumper trucks, tanker trucks, fire hose, and fire extinguishers. Very frequent training and refresher training is required. A repair locker hose team aboard USS John F. Kennedy (CV 67) combats a controlled fire on the mobile aircraft firefighting training device May 2, 2006. ... For other uses, see Fire (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Fuel (disambiguation). ... This article is about the chemical element and its most stable form, or dioxygen. ... For other uses, see Heat (disambiguation) In physics, heat, symbolized by Q, is energy transferred from one body or system to another due to a difference in temperature. ... The Fire Tetrahedron is based on the theory of the Fire Triangle. ... Fire extinguisher A fire extinguisher is a device used to put out a fire, often in an emergency situation. ...


Structure fires may be attacked, generally, either by "interior" or "exterior" resources, or both. Interior crews, using the "two-in, two out" rule, may advance hose lines inside the building, find the fire and cool it with water. Exterior crews may direct water into windows or other openings, or against other nearby fuels exposed to the initial fire. A proper command structure will plan and coordinate the various teams and equipment to safely execute each tactic.

See also Fire suppression for other techniques.

Equipment

Toronto Firefighters prepare their equipment
Toronto Firefighters prepare their equipment
Palm Beach County Fire-Rescue Special Operations crews prepare equipment for the extraction of a buried construction worker.
Palm Beach County Fire-Rescue Special Operations crews prepare equipment for the extraction of a buried construction worker.

A partial list of some standard equipment used by firefighters: Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 521 pixelsFull resolution (3332 × 2170 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 521 pixelsFull resolution (3332 × 2170 pixel, file size: 1. ... The Toronto Fire Services is part of the Emergency Services that respond to 911-calls in the City of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... PBCFR logo Palm Beach County Fire-Rescue (PBCFR) is a combination career/volunteer fire department responsible for providing Fire Protection, Emergency Medical Services, ALS Transport, Hazardous Materials Mitigation, Special Operations, Aircraft Firefighting, 9-1-1 Dispatching, Public Education, Fire Inspections, Fire Investigations, and Building Plans Review for unincorperated Palm Beach...

  • Flat-head and pick-head axe
  • Closet hook
  • Pike pole
  • Halligan bar
  • Bunker gear, including turnout jacket and pants
  • Fire-retardant, pathogen and chemical resistant and water-resistant boots with steel toe and a full length steel sole
  • Flashlight
  • Nomex and Carbon hoods
  • Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA)
  • Helmet, face mask and/or visor
  • NFPA-compliant, fire-resistant work gloves
  • PASS device (Personal Alert Safety System)
  • Handheld radio
  • Hydraulic rescue tools
  • Duck-bill lock breaker
  • Spanner wrench
  • Circular saw ("K-12")
  • Cutters Edge
  • RayTek laser heat gun
  • Thermal Imaging Camera(infrared)
  • Pager/Mini Scanner(for fire alerts)

About Pike poles are long (usually 6-10 feet in length) poles, made of fiberglass with metal hooks on the end, used to pull items from an area of intense heat and flame, and ventilating structures by breaking windows. ... A Halligan bar (also called a Halligan tool or simply Halligan) is a special tool commonly used in the fire and rescue service. ... A firefighter in bunker gear. ... For the Parliament song, see Flash Light (song). ... NOMEX® is the brand name of a flame retardant meta-aramid material marketed and first discovered by DuPont in the 1970s. ... SCBA is an acronym for Self Contained Breathing Apparatus. ... SCBA is an acronym for Self Contained Breathing Apparatus. ... PASS device is an acronym for the Personal Alert Safety System, a one-way communications device used by firefighters entering a building to alert the outside Rapid Entry Team (Also known as a RIT, or Rapid Intervention Team), that the wearer of the PASS device is in trouble and in... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Thermal Imaging Cameras use Thermography in a hand-held unit that firefighters during search and rescue operations. ...

History of fire brigades

The history of organized combating of structural fires dates back at least to Ancient Egypt. Today, fire and rescue remains a mix of paid, call, and volunteer responders. The UK has the retained fire service, whereby fire fighters are on call with pagers from their homes and/or place of work. See article history of fire brigades. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This article discusses the history of fire fighting throughout the development of civilization worldwide. ...


Firefighting worldwide

Traditions, protocol, and trends in firefighting vary from country to country. For more information on national firefighting procedures, see article Firefighting worldwide. This article discusses national trends and protocol in fire fighting. ...


Miscellaneous

An 1879 illustration of firefighters
An 1879 illustration of firefighters

In popular literature, firefighters are usually depicted with Dalmatian dogs. This breed originated in southern Europe to assist with herding livestock and run along with horses, and in the days of horse-drawn fire vehicles, the horses were usually released on arrival at the fire and the Dalmatians would lead the horses through traffic and to a safe place to wait until the fire was out. Dalmatians also filled the role of protecting the horses' feet from other dogs as equipment was being transported to the fire scene. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 470 × 599 pixelsFull resolution‎ (631 × 804 pixels, file size: 86 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 470 × 599 pixelsFull resolution‎ (631 × 804 pixels, file size: 86 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... The Dalmatian is a breed of dog, noted for its white coat with either black or liver spots. ... Sheep are commonly bred as livestock. ... Binomial name Equus caballus Linnaeus, 1758 The horse (Equus caballus, sometimes seen as a subspecies of the Wild Horse, Equus ferus caballus) is a large odd-toed ungulate mammal, one of ten modern species of the genus Equus. ...


In reality, most fire dogs were mutts pulled from the street (and thus cheaper to acquire). In addition, Dalmatians have a reputation for skittishness and congenital defects, such as deafness due to inbreeding. A healthy mixed-breed dog shows hybrid vigor. ... This article discusses the way the word deaf is used and how deafness is perceived by hearing and Deaf communities. ...


Many fire companies around the world, especially in the United States, develop annual beefcake calendars. In these calendars, handsome and muscular firemen appear scantily clad and sometimes cavorting. These calendars proceeds function as fund raisers for their fire department and for charities.[4]


See also

Firefighters of the Australian Capital Territory Rural Fire Service
Firefighters of the Australian Capital Territory Rural Fire Service

The Malaysian Fire and Rescue Department or Bomba is a fire and rescue department in Malaysia. ... Advanced Life Support (ALS) is a treatment consensus for cardiopulmonary resuscitation in cardiac arrest and related medical problems, as agreed in Europe by the European Resuscitation Council, most recently in 2005. ... Backburning in Townsville, Australia. ... A Brush Truck is a combination of all terrain vehicle, Mini-Pumper and Wilderness rescue Vehicle. ... In the fire service, a company officer (CO} is typically a lieutenant or captain in charge of an engine company. ... Grass fire at Willunga. ... The Dublin Fire Brigade (DFB) is the local authority fire service for Dublin city and some of its suburbs. ... An Emergency medical service (abbreviated to initialism EMS in many countries) is a service providing out-of-hospital acute care and transport to definitive care, to patients with illnesses and injuries which the patient believes constitutes a medical emergency. ... The Fire Department, City of New York (FDNY) has the responsibility of protecting the New York Citys five boroughs from fires and fire hazards, as well as preventing disasters like The Station nightclub fire in nearby Rhode Island, and the trampling deaths at an overcrowded building in Chicago. ... PBCFR logo Palm Beach County Fire-Rescue (PBCFR) is a combination career/volunteer fire department responsible for providing Fire Protection, Emergency Medical Services, ALS Transport, Hazardous Materials Mitigation, Special Operations, Aircraft Firefighting, 9-1-1 Dispatching, Public Education, Fire Inspections, Fire Investigations, and Building Plans Review for unincorperated Palm Beach... Fire engine of the Brigade Sapeurs-Pompiers de Paris parading The Paris Fire Brigade, in French Brigade Sapeurs-Pompiers de Paris(BSPP), is the fire service for the city of Paris and the surrounding departments of Seine-Saint-Denis, Val-de-Marne, Hauts-de-Seine. ... Burglar (or intrusion), fire and safety alarms are found in electronic form today. ... For the Scottish post-punk band, see The Fire Engines. ... Fire Chief is a top executive rank in a fire department, either elected or appointed. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... A Fire Appliance belonging to the Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue Service The fire service in the United Kingdom has undergone dramatic changes since the beginning of the 21st century, a process that has been propelled by a devolution of central government powers, new legislation and a change to operational... Fire station in Kostroma, Russia (1823-26). ... The fireboat Guardian was a gift of survivors of the Loma Prieta earthquake to supplement San Franciscos fireboat Phoenix. ... A firemens pole or sliding pole is a wooden pole or a metal tube or pipe installed between floors in fire stations, which was invented by Chicago, Illinois resident David Kenyon, although it is often incorrectly credited to the Boston Fire Department. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article discusses national trends and protocol in fire fighting. ... The Fire Fighter Fatality Investigation and Prevention Program (FFFIPP) is administered by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), a department of the Center for Disease Control (CDC). ... Note: This list is incomplete. ... Note: This list is incomplete. ... The following is a glossary of wildland fire terms. ... This article discusses the history of fire fighting throughout the development of civilization worldwide. ... Santa Barbara County helitack crew and a Bell 212 on the Day Fire. ... Members of the Flathead Hotshot crew, a crew of approximately 20 highly skilled firefighters specially trained in wildland fire suppression tactics. ... The International Association of Wildland Fire (IAWF) is a non-profit, professional association created to facilitate communication and provide leadership for the wildland fire community. ... Junior firefighting is a youth activity in participating fire departments throughout the United States, and also in the UK, through the YFA - Young Firefighter Association. ... The Star of Life, a global symbol for medical service EMTs loading an injured skier into an ambulance An Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) is an emergency responder trained to provide emergency medical services to the critically ill and injured. ... A typical Incident Command Post The Incident Command System (ICS) is a management system used within the United States to organize emergency response and was designed to offer a scalable response to incidents of any magnitude. ... The Orange County Fire Authority (OCFA) is the agency that provides fire protection and emergency medical services for unincorporated areas of Orange County, California and cities that contract OCFAs services. ... The Los Angeles Fire Department (LAFD), at times referred to by some as the Los Angeles City Fire Department, is the full-spectrum life safety agency that protects the second largest city in the United States. ... This is a list of historic fires. ... A Leatherhead Helmet. ... The London Fire Brigade (LFB) is the statutory fire and rescue service for London, England. ... The Star of Life, a globally recognized symbol for Emergency medical services. ... A smokejumper is a firefighter who parachutes into a remote area to combat wildfires. ... A smoke detector or smoke alarm is a device that detects smoke and issues an alarm to alert nearby people that there is a potential fire. ... A Series of Unfortunate Events by Lemony Snicket, see V.F.D.. See also the Firefighter article and its respective sections regarding VFDs in other countries. ... A Water Tender is a specialized piece of firefighting apparatus designed for the sole purpose of transporting water from a water source to a fire scene. ... Wildland Firefighter Foundation WFF is a non-profit organization that provides assistance to fallen firefighters families and to firefighters injured in the line of duty. ...

References

The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is the United States federal agency responsible for conducting research and making recommendations for the prevention of work-related injury and illness. ... The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is the United States federal agency responsible for conducting research and making recommendations for the prevention of work-related injury and illness. ... The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is the United States federal agency responsible for conducting research and making recommendations for the prevention of work-related injury and illness. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Look up Firefighter in
Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 151 languages. ... The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is the United States federal agency responsible for conducting research and making recommendations for the prevention of work-related injury and illness. ... Firefighter with an axe A firefighter, sometimes still called a fireman though women have increasingly joined firefighting units, is a person who is trained and equipped to put out fires, rescue people and in some areas provide emergency medical services. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... A Fire Master is the highest ranking or commanding officer in a fire service in Scotland. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Firefighter. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A smokejumper is a firefighter who parachutes into a remote area to combat wildfires. ... A rank in the New Zealand Fire Service and also in fire departments in the United Kingdom, a Station Officer is a fire fighter officer with responsibility for a number of junior fire fighters. ... A Series of Unfortunate Events by Lemony Snicket, see V.F.D.. See also the Firefighter article and its respective sections regarding VFDs in other countries. ... The Fire Service College is responsible for providing leadership, management and advanced operational training courses for senior fire officers from the UK and foreign fire authorities. ... Fire station in Kostroma, Russia (1823-26). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Fire lookout. ... Note: This list is incomplete. ... A firefighter in bunker gear. ... A Fire Chiefs Vehicle, or a Chief Unit or a Fire Chiefs Car or a Fire Car is a Car, Truck, or SUV that is driven by a fire chief when reporting to fire scenes. ... For the Scottish post-punk band, see The Fire Engines. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Siren (noisemaker). ... Fire station in Kostroma, Russia (1823-26). ... A fire retardant is a substance that helps to delay or prevent combustion. ... When a fire alarm is going off, all the lifts are supposed to go down to the ground floor and stay there the entire time the fire alarm is active. ... Socks made from flame retardant cotton. ... Electro-pneumatic heat detector, rate of rise and fixed temperature operation. ... A fire retardant material is one that is designed to resist burning and withstand heat. ... NOMEX® is the brand name of a flame retardant meta-aramid material marketed and first discovered by DuPont in the 1970s. ... It has been suggested that Fire siren be merged into this article or section. ... A smoke detector or smoke alarm is a device that detects smoke and issues an alarm to alert nearby people that there is a potential fire. ... Fire fighters wear splash suits when dealing with sulfuric acid to protect themselves against the vapor and any splashes or spills. ... Super Scooper is a nickname given to certain firefighting aircraft built by Canadair and later Bombardier. ... Santa Barbara County helitack crew and a Bell 212 on the Day Fire. ... Note: This list is incomplete. ... The following is a glossary of wildland fire terms. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Bushfire. ... The term drafting water refers to the use of suction to move a liquid such as water from a vessel or body of water below the intake of a suction pump. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... A fire-control system is a computer, often mechanical, which is designed to assist a weapon system in hitting its target. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The fire triangle. ... The firemans carry is a technique that allows one to carry another person without assistance. ... This article is about firewalls used in construction. ... A flash fire is an unexpected, sudden intense fire caused by ignition of flammable solids, liquids or their vapors, gases, or dust. ... Forcible entry is the act of entering a house or building with destructive methods. ... Gaseous fire suppression is a term to describe the use of inert and chemical agents or gasses to suppress a fire. ... A master stream is a fire service term for a stream of 350 gallons per minute (gmp) or greater. ... Stop, Drop and Roll is a single released by New Zealand hip hop artist, Mareko featuring the Deceptikonz. ... A Structure Fire is a fire in any of various residential or commercial buildings, such as single family dwellings, Townhouses/Rowhouses, Garden Apartments, Hi-Rises, and Strip Malls. ... In firefighting, ventilation refers to the tactic of creating a draft with an opening above or opposite the entry point so that heat and smoke will be released, permitting the firefighters to find and attack the fire. ... Categories: Wikipedia cleanup | Stub | Firefighting ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see Wildfire (disambiguation). ... Bombardier CL-415 waterbomber of the Province of Québec Aerial firefighting is a method to combat wildfires using aircraft. ... This article discusses national trends and protocol in fire fighting. ... This article discusses the history of fire fighting throughout the development of civilization worldwide. ... The International Association of Fire Fighters (IAFF) is a labor union representing fire fighters employed full-time in fire suppression and related activities in the United States and Canada. ... A red-blue ribbon - symbol of the IFFD. International Firefighters Day (IFFD) is observed on May 4. ... This is a list of historic fires. ... The following criteria qualify a film for inclusion on this list: Primary plot of film regards firefighting or related fire/rescue service work in general. ... The London Fire Brigade Museum covers the history of firefighting since 1666 (the date of the Great Fire of London). ... The National Fire Incident Reporting System (NFIRS) is a system established by the National Fire Data Center of the United States Fire Administration (USFA) in order to carry out the intentions of the Federal Fire Prevention and Control Act of 1974 (P.L. 93-498). ... The World Police and Fire Games (WPFG) are an annual athletic event open to active and retired law enforcement and fire service personnel throughout the world. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Firefighter - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4371 words)
This firefighter is dressed to demonstrate the gear, properly the Nomex hood should be tucked inside the turnout jacket to protect the head and neck from superheated environments.
Firefighting and firefighters have become ubiquitous around the world, from urban areas to wildland areas, and on board ships.
Firefighters are often forced to open holes in the roof or floors of a structure (called "vertical ventilation") or open windows or walls (called "horizontal ventilation") to remove smoke and heated gases from the interior of the structure.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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