FACTOID # 1: Idaho produces more milk than Iowa, Indiana and Illinois combined.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Fire safety
Inadequate fire safety can be destructive and deadly.
Inadequate fire safety can be destructive and deadly.

Fire safety is a component of building safety. It concerns safety measures to prevent the effects of fires and is the result of proper use of fire protection measures. Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 686 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 686 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... A building code, or building control, is a set of rules that specify the minimum acceptable level of safety for constructed objects such as buildings and nonbuilding structures. ... Fire protection is the prevention and reduction of the hazards associated with fires. ...


Fire Department members who inspect buildings for violations of the Fire Code and go into schools to educate children on Fire Safety topics are known as Fire Prevention Officers. The Chief Fire Prevention Officer or Chief of Fire Prevention will normally conduct inspectons or presentations, and trains newcomers to the Fire Prevention Division.

Contents

Key elements

  • Building a facility in accordance with the version of the local building code in effect at the time of building permit application
  • Maintaining a facility and conducting oneself in accordance with the provisions of the fire code, from the moment that the building was occupied. This is based on thorough knowledge of the code by the owner and ensuring that the occupants and operators of the building are fully aware of the currently applicable regulations, including supplementary documents that may be applicable, which are referenced in the fire code, such as, as an example, NFPA-13 or NFPA-96. Examples of such lawful conduct include, but are not limited to, the following:
    • Not exceeding the maximum occupancy listing for any part of the building.
    • Maintaining proper fire exits and proper signage of them (e.g., exit signs pointing to them that can function in a power failure)
    • Placing and maintaining fire extinguishers and fire alarms in easily accessible places.
    • Properly storing/using, that may be needed inside the building for storage or operational requirements (such as solvents in spray booths).
    • Banning of flammable materials in certain areas of the facility.
    • Routinely inspecting public buildings for violations, issuing Orders To Comply and, potentially, prosecuting or closing buildings that are not in compliance, until the violations are corrected or condemning it in extreme cases.
    • Installing and maintaining fire alarm control panels for quick detection and warning of fire.
    • Obtaining and maintaining a complete inventory of firestops.
    • Ensuring that all spray fireproofing remains undamaged.
    • Maintaining a high level of training and awareness of occupants and users of the building to avoid obvious mistakes, such as the propping open of fire doors.
    • Conduct fire drills at regular intervals throughout the year

Note: This page soon to be renamed National Fire Protection Association. ... is a defined and legal term in building construction and building codes. ... A fire escape is a fire exit that is external to a building. ... Fire extinguisher A fire extinguisher is a device used to put out a fire, often in an emergency situation. ... A Wheelock MT-24-LSM fire alarm horn and strobe. ... Flammable or Flammability refers to the ease at which a substance will ignite, causing fire or combustion. ... A Siemens MXL fire alarm control panel (top) and graphic annunciator (bottom) for Potomac Hall, at James Madison University. ... Firestop after fire exposure during fire test in Tulsa, Oklahoma. ... Fireproofing, a passive fire protection measure, subject to bounding, refers to the act of making materials or structures more resistant to fire, or to those materials themselves. ... This article is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... This article is about the safety exercise. ...

Fire code

The Fire code (also Fire prevention code or Fire safety code) is a model code adopted on a regional basis and enforced by fire prevention officers within municipal fire departments. It is a lawful set of rules prescribing minimum requirements to prevent fire and explosion hazards arising from storage, handling, or use of dangerous materials, or from other specific hazardous conditions. The fire code complements the building code. In the event of changes to fire safety provisions within a building, or a change of occupancy, the fire code typically references the building code, which can result in a requirement upon the owner to apply for a building permit to ensure proper review and lawful execution of contemplated changes that can have an effect upon fire safety and/or structural integrity. The building code includes construction requirements to minimise fire spread, enable suppression and detection and to provide for safe and rapid evacuation in the event of a fire. Although both codes address similar issues, the fire code is aimed primarily at preventing fires in the first place, including outside of buildings, and that necessary training and equipment will be on hand and the design basis of the building, which includes a basic plan set out by the architect is not compromised. The fire code also addresses inspection and maintenance requirements of various fire protection equipment in order to maintain optimal active fire protection and passive fire protection measures, with the aim of preserving stringent bounding[citation needed][original research?]. A building code, or building control, is a set of rules that specify the minimum acceptable level of safety for constructed objects such as buildings and nonbuilding structures. ... is a defined and legal term in building construction and building codes. ... An architect at his drawing board, 1893 An architect is a person who is involved in the planning, designing and oversight of a buildings construction. ... Active fire protection is one of the three types of structural fire protection. ... Fire-resistance rated wall assembly with fire door, cable tray penetration and intumescent [1] cable coating. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


A typical fire safety code includes administrative sections about the rule-making and enforcement process, and other substantive sections dealing with fire suppression equipment, particular hazards such as containers and transportation for combustible materials, and specific rules for hazardous occupancies, industrial processes, and exhibitions.


Each section may lay out the requirements for obtaining permits, and specific precautions required to remain in compliance with a permit. For example, a fireworks exhibition may require an application to be filed by a regionally licensed pyrotechnician, providing the information necessary for the issuing authority to determine whether the safety requirements can be met. Furthermore, once a permit is issued, the same authority (or another delegated authority) may inspect the site and monitor the safety during the exhibition, with the power to halt unapproved operations, or where unforeseen hazards arise.


List of some typical fire and explosion issues in a fire code

  • fireworks, explosives, mortars and cannons, model rockets (licenses for manufacture, storage, transportation, sale, use)
  • certification for servicing, placement, and inspecing fire extinguishing equipment
  • general storage and handling of flammable liquids, solids, gases (tanks, personnel training, markings, equipment)
  • limitations on locations and quantities of flammables (e.g., 10 litres of gasoline inside a residential dwelling)
  • specific uses and specific flammables (e.g., dry cleaning, gasoline distribution, explosive dusts, pesticides, space heaters, plastics manufacturing)
  • permits and limitations in various building occupancies (assembly hall, hospital, school, theatre, elderly care, prisons, warehouses, etc)
  • locations that require a smoke detector, sprinkler system, fire extinguisher, or other specific equipment or procedures
  • removal of interior and exterior obstructions to emergency exits or firefighters and removal of hazardous materials
  • permits and limitations in special outdoor applications (tents, asphalt kettles, bonfires, etc)
  • other hazards (flammable decorations, welding, smoking, bulk matches, tire yards)
  • Electrical safety code
  • Fuel gas fitting code

It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Fireworks. ... This article is concerned solely with chemical explosives. ... Fire extinguisher A fire extinguisher is a device used to put out a fire, often in an emergency situation. ... A smoke detector or smoke alarm is a device that detects smoke and issues an alarm to alert nearby people that there is a potential fire. ... This typical sprinkler head will spray water into the room if a fire is detected. ... Fire extinguisher A fire extinguisher is a device used to put out a fire, often in an emergency situation. ... A hazardous material (HAZMAT) is any solid, liquid, or gas that can cause harm to humans, other living organisms, or the environment due to being radioactive, flammable, explosive, toxic, corrosive, a biohazard, an oxidizer, an asphyxiant, or capable of causing severe allergic reactions. ... The National Electric Code Handbook, 2005 edition The National Electrical Code (NEC), or NFPA 70, is a standard for the safe installation of electrical wiring and equipment. ... Fuel gas can refer to any of several gases burned to produce thermal energy. ...

Fire safety education

All fire authorities have a fire safety education programme and one of the functions of Fire Prevention Officers is to visit schools to educate the children both in how to prevent fires and the actions they should take in the event of a fire occurring.


See also

is a defined and legal term in building construction and building codes. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Fire protection is the prevention and reduction of the hazards associated with fires. ... Fire-resistance rated wall assembly with fire door, cable tray penetration and intumescent [1] cable coating. ... Active fire protection is one of the three types of structural fire protection. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Product certification or product qualification is the cornerstone of all bounding and the process of certifying that a certain product has passed performance and/or quality assurance tests or qualification requirements stipulated in regulations such as a building code and nationally accredited test standards, or that it complies with a... Firestop after fire exposure during fire test in Tulsa, Oklahoma. ... Fireproofing, a passive fire protection measure, subject to bounding, refers to the act of making materials or structures more resistant to fire, or to those materials themselves. ... This article is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... An intumescent is a substance which swells as a result of heat exposure, thus increasing in volume, and decreasing in density. ... In thermodynamics, the word endothermic describes a process or reaction that absorbs energy in the form of heat. ... Ablation is defined as the removal of material from the surface of an object by vaporization, chipping, or other erosive processes. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Fire sprinklers are an active fire protection measure subject to stringent bounding. ... A Wheelock MT-24-LSM fire alarm horn and strobe. ... A smoke detector or smoke alarm is a device that detects smoke and issues an alarm to alert nearby people that there is a potential fire. ... This article is about firewalls used in construction. ...

External links

  • Sample Fire Code Table of Contents from International Code Council
  • [http://jfe.sagepub.com/ Journal of Fire Protection Engineering for the latest research, methods and developments within Fire Protection Engineering.
  • SafetySmart website
  • Non-profit organization focusing on campus fire safety
  • US government site on fire safety
  • UK government site on fire safety
  • moebuildingcontrol.co.uk - UK Guidance on fire safety codes and fire engineering
  • thefireengineer.com - Adventures in fire safety - The Fire Engineer and his team battle the forces of conflagration
  • - Practical Fire Prevention and Precautions Hints

  Results from FactBites:
 
Fire Safety Institute - information on fire safety, fire prevention, fire protection, fire risk analysis, fire safety ... (3269 words)
Fire loss is usually measured as number of deaths or dollars of property damage, but includes significant intangible losses such as business interruption, mission failure, degradation of the environment, and destruction of irreplaceable cultural artifacts.
Fire loss control for modern buildings typically focuses on preserving the structure and its contents for their useful life, an objective that implicitly recognizes demolition as a natural part of the property's life cycle.
Although fire safety and historic preservation share the common goal to prevent the damage or destruction of historic structures, conflicts arise between code requirements for life safety and preservation standards that discourage alteration of historic structures.
Fire Safety ABCs - The Police Notebook (3062 words)
The University Fire Marshal inspects and services all OU fire extinguishers on a year-round basis, but we would still encourage you to be aware of the condition of your area's extinguishers by visual inspection on a frequent basis to ensure you have a working extinguisher there when you need one.
Warning to thieves and vandals: Fire extinguishers and types of fire equipment on the OU campus are traceable and theft of or damage to emergency equipment is a serious crime.
Fire Safety questions may be referred to the University Fire Marshal at Risk Management, 325-0545 or by e-mail at gmarquis@ou.edu.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m