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Encyclopedia > Fire protection engineering

Fire protection engineering (also known as fire engineering or fire safety engineering) is the application of science and engineering principles to protect people and their environments from the destructive effects of fire and smoke. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... For other uses, see Fire (disambiguation). ...


The discipline of fire protection engineering includes, but is not exclusive to:

  • Active fire protection - fire suppression systems, and fire alarm.
  • Passive fire protection - fire and smoke barriers, space separation
  • Smoke control and management
  • Building design, layout, and space planning
  • Fire prevention programs
  • Fire dynamics and modeling
  • Human behavior during fire events
  • Risk analysis, including economic factors

In practice, fire protection engineers typically identify risks and design safeguards that aid in preventing, controlling, and mitigating the effects of fires. Fire protection engineers assist architects in evaluating buildings' life safety and property protection goals. FPEs are also employed as fire investigators, including such very large-scale cases as the analysis of the collapse of the World Trade Centers. NASA uses fire protection engineers in its space program to help improve safety. Active fire protection is one of the three types of structural fire protection. ... Fire-resistance rated wall assembly with fire door, cable tray penetration and intumescent [1] cable coating. ... for building and structual design see; Architect Architects are a metal band from Brighton in southern England. ... The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) (IPA [ˈnæsə]) is an agency of the United States government, responsible for the nations public space program. ...

Contents

History

Fire protection engineering (FPE) can lay a claim to roots dating as far back as Ancient Rome, when the Emperor Nero ordered the city to be rebuilt utilizing passive fire protection methods, such as space separation and non-combustible building materials, after a catastrophic fire. The discipline of fire protection engineering emerged in the early 20th century as a distinct discipline, separate from civil, mechanical and chemical engineering, in response to new fire problems posed by the Industrial Revolution. Fire protection engineers of this era concerned themselves with devising methods to protect large factories, particularly spinning mills and other manufacturing properties. Another motivation to organize the discipline, define practices and conduct research to support innovations became clear in response to catasrophic conflagrations and mass urban fires that swept many major cities during the latter half of the 19th century (see City or area fires). Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... For other uses, see Nero (disambiguation). ... According to the historian Tacitus, the Great Fire of Rome started on the night of 18 July in the year 64, among the shops clustered around the Circus Maximus. ... The Falkirk Wheel in Scotland. ... Mechanical Engineering is an engineering discipline that involves the application of principles of physics for analysis, design, manufacturing, and maintenance of mechanical systems. ... Chemical engineering is the branch of engineering that deals with the application of physical science (e. ... A Watt steam engine, the steam engine that propelled the Industrial Revolution in Britain and the world. ... This is a list of historic fires. ...


In 1903 the first degree program in fire protection engineering was initiated as the Armour Institute of Technology (later becoming part of the Illinois Institute of Technology).


As the 20th Century emerged, several catastrophic fires resulted in changes to buildings codes to better protect people and property from fire. It was only in the latter half of the 20th Century that fire protection engineering emerged as a unique engineering profession. The primary reason for this emergence was the development of the “body of knowledge,” specific to the profession that occurred after 1950. Other factors contributing to the growth of the profession include the start of the Society of Fire Protection Engineers in 1950, the emergence of independent consulting fire protection engineers, and the promulgation of engineering standards for fire protection.


Education

Fire protection engineers, like their counterparts in other engineering and scientific disciplines, undertake a formal course of education and continuing professional development to acquire and maintain their competence. This education typically includes foundation studies in mathematics, physics, chemistry, and technical writing. Professional engineering studies focus students on acquiring proficiency in material science, statics, dynamics, thermodynamics, fluid dynamics, heat transfer, engineering economics, ethics, Systems in engineering, reliability, and environmental psychology. Specialized studies in combustion, probabilistic risk assessment or risk management, the design of fire suppression systems, the application and interpretation of model building codes, and the measurement and simulation of fire phenomena complete most curricula. Continuing education is an all encompassing term within a broad spectrum of post-secondary learning activities and programs. ... Materials science includes those parts of chemistry and physics that deal with the properties of materials. ... Statics is the branch of physics concerned with physical systems in static equilibrium, that is, in a state where the relative positions of subsystems do not vary over time, or where components and structures are at rest under the action of external forces of equilibrium. ... The word dynamics can refer to: in physics, a branch of mechanics; see dynamics (mechanics). ... Thermodynamics (from the Greek θερμη, therme, meaning heat and δυναμις, dynamis, meaning power) is a branch of physics that studies the effects of changes in temperature, pressure, and volume on physical systems at the macroscopic scale by analyzing the collective motion of their particles using statistics. ... Fluid dynamics is the sub-discipline of fluid mechanics dealing with fluids (liquids and gases) in motion. ... In thermal physics, heat transfer is the passage of thermal energy from a hot to a cold body. ... Engineering economics, previously known as engineering economy, is a subset of economics for application to engineering projects. ... For other uses, see Ethics (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see System (disambiguation). ... Reliability concerns quality or consistency. ... Environmental psychology is an interdisciplinary field focused on the interplay between humans and their surroundings. ... This article is about the chemical reaction combustion. ... Probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) (or probabilistic safety assessment/analysis) is a systematic and comprehensive methodology to evaluate risks associated with a complex engineered technological entity (such as airliners or nuclear power plants). ... For non-business risks, see risk or the disambiguation page risk analysis. ... Fire suppression systems are used in conjunction with smoke detectors and fire alarm systems to improve and increase public safety Fire sprinkler systems (wet, dry, pre-action, and deluge) Gaseous agents Wet and dry chemical agents Detailled DESCRIPTION of fire extinguishing systems National Fire Protection Association Fire Suppression Systems Association... A building code, or building control, is a set of rules that specify the minimum acceptable level of safety for constructed objects such as buildings and nonbuilding structures. ...


In the United States, the University of Maryland (UMd) offers an ABET-accredited bachelor of science degree program in fire protection engineering, as well as graduate degrees. Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) offers a masters and a Ph.D. in fire protection engineering. Other institutions, such as Oklahoma State University, the University of Kansas, Illinois Institute of Technology, University of California, Berkeley, and University of Houston–Downtown have offered courses in fire protection engineering or technology. The University of Maryland, College Park (also known as UM, UMD, or UMCP) is a public university located in the city of College Park, in Prince Georges County, Maryland, just outside Washington, D.C., in the United States. ... The Accredition Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET) is a non-profit organization that serves the public by making accreditations of the universities and scientific institutions which live up to certain qualities defined by the organization. ... Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) is a private university located in Worcester, Massachusetts, in the United States. ... Oklahoma State University Logo The Oklahoma State University System comprises of five educational instututes across Oklahoma. ... The University of Kansas (often referred to as KU or just Kansas) is an institution of higher learning in Lawrence, Kansas. ... State Street Village, S.R. Crown Hall, Armour Main Building Illinois Institute of Technology (IIT) is a private Ph. ... Sather tower (the Campanile) looking out over the San Francisco Bay and Mount Tamalpais. ... One Main Building One Main Building as seen from the merger of Buffalo Bayou and White Oak Bayou Commerce Street Building The University of Houston–Downtown, often called UH–Downtown or UHD, is a four-year college in Houston, Texas. ...


In Europe, the University of Edinburgh has been among the first universities to offer a degree in Fire Engineering and had its first research group in fire in the 1970's (these activities are now conducted at the new BRE Centre for Fire Safety Engineering). Other European Universities active in the fire engineering are Lund University, Stord/Haugesund University College, University of Manchester, University of Ulster, University of Leeds, University of Greenwich and London South Bank University. For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... The University of Edinburgh (Scottish Gaelic: ), founded in 1582,[4] is a renowned centre for teaching and research in Edinburgh, Scotland. ... The BRE Centre for Fire Safety Engineering is the research group at The Institute of Infrastructure and Environment, University of Edinburgh conduction research in fire, structures and environment. ... Lund University (Swedish: ), located in Lund in southernmost Sweden, is one of Swedens most prestigious universities[2] and Scandinavias largest institution for education and research[3], frequently ranked among the worlds top 100 universities[4][5]. The university was founded in 1666 and is the second oldest... Stord/Haugesund University College (HSH), Norwegian: Høgskolen Stord Haugesund) is a medium sized state university college in Norway, with about 2200 students and approx. ... Affiliations Russell Group, EUA, N8 Group, NWUA, Worldwide Universities Network (WUN) Website http://www. ... The University of Ulster (UU) is a multi-centre university located in Northern Ireland and is the largest single university on the island of Ireland, discounting the federal National University of Ireland. ... The University of Leeds is a major teaching and research university, one of the largest in the United Kingdom with over 32,000 full-time students. ... Statue of George II in the Grand Square of the University, with the dome above the Chapel entrance to the left. ... London South Bank University is one of the oldest universities in central London with over 23,000 students and 1,700 staff based in the London Borough of Southwark. ...


Professional registration

Suitably qualified and experienced fire protection engineers may qualify for registration as a professional engineer. The recognition of fire protection engineering as a separate discipline varies from state to state in the United States. Few countries outside the United States regulate the professional practice of fire protection engineering as a discipline, although they may restrict the use of the title engineer in association with its practice. Professional Engineer is the term for registered or licensed engineers in some countries, including the United States, and Canada who are permitted to offer their professional services directly to the public. ...


The titles fire engineer and fire safety engineer tend to be preferred outside the United States, especially in the United Kingdom and Commonwealth countries influenced by the British fire service. Some proponents of the title fire safety engineer assert that the title fire protection engineer suggests a concern only with the design of active fire protection systems, such as automatic fire sprinklers, fire detection, fire alarm systems, smoke management systems, gaseous fire suppression and other special hazard systems. The advocates of the title fire safety engineer suggest it more accurately indicates an interest in both preventive and protective measures. Those who prefer the title fire engineer suggest that it encompasses a broader range of professional activities associated with fire risk management, including the management of fire services. All titles are widely recognised. The Institution of Fire Engineers is one international organization that qualifies many aspects of the training and qualifications of fire engineers.[1] Active fire protection is one of the three types of structural fire protection. ... Fire sprinklers are an active fire protection measure subject to stringent bounding. ... A fire alarm with a strobe light. ... Gaseous fire suppression is a term to describe the use of inert and chemical agents or gasses to suppress a fire. ... The Institution of Fire Engineers is a worldwide body that provides research, training, conferences and professional qualifications for firefighters and civilians who work in fields related to fire fighting, the science of fire fighting and prevention, and related technology. ...


See also

Fire protection is the prevention and reduction of the hazards associated with fires. ... Active fire protection is one of the three types of structural fire protection. ... Fire-resistance rated wall assembly with fire door, cable tray penetration and intumescent [1] cable coating. ... The Institution of Fire Engineers is a worldwide body that provides research, training, conferences and professional qualifications for firefighters and civilians who work in fields related to fire fighting, the science of fire fighting and prevention, and related technology. ... Listing and approval use and compliance is the activity of adhering to all the requirements of installing and/or using safety-related products and items in conformance with an active certification listing or approval that has been issued by an organisation that is accredited both for testing and product certification... Product certification or product qualification is the cornerstone of all bounding and the process of certifying that a certain product has passed performance and/or quality assurance tests or qualification requirements stipulated in regulations such as a building code and nationally accredited test standards, or that it complies with a... This article is about building architecture. ... An architectural engineer applies the skills of many engineering disciplines to the design, construction, operation, maintenance, and renovation of buildings while paying attention to their impacts on the surrounding environment. ... The Falkirk Wheel in Scotland. ... Mechanical Engineering is an engineering discipline that involves the application of principles of physics for analysis, design, manufacturing, and maintenance of mechanical systems. ...

References

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Graduate Catalog - Fire Protection Engineering (1345 words)
(Prerequisites: FPE 521, FPE 553 and FPE 570.)
Fire dynamics and computer modeling are applied to assess possible fire scenarios and the effectiveness of fire protection measures.
Principles of fire dynamics, heat transfer and thermodynamics are combined with a general knowledge of automatic detection and suppression systems to analyze fire protection requirements for generic industrial hazards.
WBDG: Fire Protection Engineering (2029 words)
As fire protection engineering advanced, this objective was refined to limit a fire to its object or room of origin.
Fire protection engineers exemplify the concept of "whole building design." Fire protection engineers design systems that, taken individually, could be considered mechanical (fire sprinklers, fire-fighter's standpipes, smoke control), electrical (fire alarm), architectural (means of egress design), or structural (fire resistance design).
National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)—The mission of the NFPA is to reduce the worldwide burden of fire and other hazards on the quality of life by providing and advocating scientifically-based consensus codes and standards, research, training, and education.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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