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Encyclopedia > Fipple

A fipple mouthpiece uses a narrow windway and a blade-like edge to channel and vibrate air blown into it. It is commonly found on end-blown woodwind instruments such as the tin whistle and the recorder. On wind instruments the mouthpiece is that part of the instrument which is placed in, or next to, the players mouth. ... A woodwind instrument is a musical instrument in which sound is produced by blowing through a mouthpiece against an edge or by a vibrating reed, and in which the pitch is varied by opening or closing holes in the body of the instrument. ... Tin whistles in a variety of makes and keys The tin whistle, also called the whistle, pennywhistle, Irish whistle, or, anachronously, the flageolet, is a simple six-holed woodwind instrument. ... Various recorders The recorder is a flute-like woodwind musical instrument. ...


The term fipple properly refers to the block, typically of wood, that forms the floor of the windway.


A fipple flute in other words, is simply a flute that you play from the top instead of the side.

Cross-section of the head of a recorder
Cross-section of the head of a recorder

In the accompanying illustration of the head of a recorder, the wooden fipple (A), in the mouthpiece of the instrument, constrains the player's breath, so that it travels along the duct (B) called the "windway". Exiting from the windway, the breath is directed against a hard, bladed edge (C), called the "labium", which which sets up a resonance in the instrument, producing a musical note. A feature of playing this kind of instrument is that, because of the fixed position of the windway with respect to the labium, there is no need to form an embouchure with the lips. Image File history File links Recorder300. ... On wind instruments the mouthpiece is that part of the instrument which is placed in, or next to, the players mouth. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... In physics, resonance is the tendency of a system to absorb more energy when the frequency of the oscillations matches the systems natural frequency of vibration (its resonant frequency) than it does at other frequencies. ... The embouchure is the shaping of the lips to the mouthpiece of a wind instrument. ...


The bore of the mouthpiece is usually around 1/32 the bore of the sounding tube, and is often of a rectangular or flat lozenge cross-section. Bore may refer to: A wave in a river caused by an incoming tide - see tidal bore The diameter of a pipe or tube, or the caliber of a gun The diameter of a cylinder and piston in a piston engine (See also: Stroke) A person who is boring The... A pullover with a lozenge pattern A lozenge is a parallelogram which usually has two corners pointing up and down that are farther apart than the corners pointing sideways. ... Cross section may refer to the following In geometry, Cross section is the intersection of a 3-dimensional body with a plane. ...


History

Fipple flutes have a long history: an example of an Iron Age specimen, made from a sheep bone, exists in Leeds City Museum. Iron Age Axe found on Gotland This article is about the archaeological period known as the Iron Age, for the mythological Iron Age see Iron Age (mythology). ... Leeds is a city in the metropolitan borough of the City of Leeds in West Yorkshire in the north of England. ...


L.E. McCullough notes that the oldest surviving whistles date from the 12th century, but that, "Players of the feadan are also mentioned in the description of the King of Ireland's court found in the Brehon Laws dating from the 3rd century A.D."[1] The Brehon Laws were statutes that governed everyday life and politics in Ireland until the Norman invasion of 1171 (the word Brehon is an Anglicisation of breitheamh (earlier brithem), the Irish word for a judge). ...


The Tusculum whistle is a 14cm whistle with six finger holes, made of brass or bronze, found with pottery dating to the 14th and 15th centuries; it's currently in the collection of the Museum of Scotland.[2] The metre (Commonwealth English) or meter (American English) (symbol: m) is the SI base unit of length. ... The Museum of Scotland, Edinburgh, is a museum dedicated to the history, people and culture of Scotland. ...


Recorders are thought to have evolved in the 14th or 15th century, but this is a matter of some debate, as the evidence is largely from the depiction of instruments in paintings. The earliest surviving recorder was discovered in a castle moat in Dordrecht, the Netherlands in 1940, and has been dated to the early 15th century. This is about the Dutch city of Dordrecht. ...


References

  • Oxford English Dictionary: fipple, noun: the plug at the mouth of a wind-instrument, by which its volume was contracted.
  • L.E. McCullough (1976). Historical Notes on the Tinwhistle The Complete Irish Tin Whistle Tutor, Oak Publications. ISBN 0825603404.
  • Nigel Gatherer. The Scottish Whistle.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Fipple type headjoint assembly for use with existing transverse flutes - Patent 4422364 (675 words)
Fipple type headjoint assembly for use with existing transverse flutes
2 includes a fipple type mouthpiece element 14 and an elongate, tubular member 16 having an outside diameter slightly less than the inside diameter of the playing ene of flute portion 11 so as to permit the tubular member 16 to be inserted therein with a sliding fit upon removal of the usual cross-blown mouthpiece.
A rib 17 extending around tubular member 16 serves to engage the outer end edge 12a of flute portion 11 at a position sufficiently displaced along the inserted end to permit the inserted portion 16a to be engaged in the inner edge margin of flute portion 11 to support the assembly 13 therefrom.
Fipple flute - definition (89 words)
Fipple flutes are end-blown flutes that are found in the folk music of many different cultures all over the world.
The top end is stopped with a block (fipple) except for a small, flat opening for blowing, and there is a notch (duct) in the top side of the pipe near the blowing end.
The "fipple" is a wedge of wood inserted into the blowing end creating a narrow passage through which air passes to encounter a "lip" cut near the mouthpiece end of the instrument thus causing vibrations.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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