A finite verb is a verb that is inflected for person and for tense according to the rules and categories of the languages it occurs in. Finite verbs can form independent clauses, which can stand by their own as complete sentences.
In most Indo-European languages, every grammatically correct sentence or clause must contain a finite verb; sentence fragments not containing finite verbs are described as phrases. In English, as in most related languages, only verbs in certain moods are finite. These include:
the indicative mood (expressing a state of affairs); e.g., "The bulldozer demolished the restaurant," "The leaves were yellow and stiff."
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