FACTOID # 28: Austin, Texas has more people than Alaska.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Finger Lakes

The Finger Lakes, a major tourist destination in the west-central section of Upstate New York, are actually eleven in number, but only seven of the largest are commonly identified as such. The lakes mainly are linear in shape, each lake oriented on a north-south axis. The longest, Cayuga Lake and Seneca Lake, are among the deepest in America. Both are close to 40 miles (64 km) from end to end, but never more than 3.5 miles (5,600 m) wide. Cayuga is actually the longest (38.1 miles (61.3 km)), but Seneca the largest in total area. Seneca is the deepest (618 feet, 188.4 m), followed by Cayuga (435 feet, 132.6 m), with the bottoms well below sea level. These largest lakes resemble the others in shape, which collectively reminded early map-makers of the fingers of a hand. The areas highlighted in YELLOW and GREEN are those which are considered to be a bona fide part of Upstate New York from the perspective of New York City. ... Cayuga Lake (pronounced either kA-yü-g& or kI-yü-g&) is the longest of western New Yorks glacial Finger Lakes, and is the second largest in surface area (marginally smaller than Seneca Lake) and volume. ... Seneca Lake, one of western New Yorks glacial Finger Lakes, is the largest lake entirely within New York and second deepest lake in the United States, when gauged by its depth below sea level. ...

New York's Finger Lakes. Lake Ontario appears at top, Oneida Lake upper right, Cazenovia Lake directly below.
New York's Finger Lakes. Lake Ontario appears at top, Oneida Lake upper right, Cazenovia Lake directly below.

Contents

Download high resolution version (1000x693, 952 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1000x693, 952 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...

Lakes

The Finger Lakes from east to west (the first seven being commonly identified as Finger Lakes):

Map of the Finger Lakes.
Skaneateles Lake, looking south from a modern tour boat. Steamboat excursions began there in 1816, probably the first Finger Lakes recreational offering to visitors.
Skaneateles Lake, looking south from a modern tour boat. Steamboat excursions began there in 1816, probably the first Finger Lakes recreational offering to visitors.

Cazenovia Lake to the east, although smaller, is sometimes called "the eighth Finger Lake," because it is similar in shape, located in Appalachian hill terrain, with a historic village linked to other Finger Lakes by US Route 20. It may have been formed in the same manner as the Finger Lakes, as satellite photos show three valleys similar in character and spacing to the Finger Lakes east of Otisco Lake. The first is the Tully Valley, which includes a chain of small lakes at the south end that could be a "Finger Lake" that never formed because of a terminal moraine. The moraine caused the Tioughnioga River to flow south instead of north, the opposite of the other waters of the Finger Lakes. The next two valleys to the east contain Butternut Creek, which flows north, and the East Branch of the Tioughnioga River, which flows south. The next valley contains Limestone Creek, which flows north. The next valley after that contains Cazenovia Lake. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Skaneateles Lake is one of the Finger Lakes in central New York in the United States. ... Owasco Lake is the sixth largest and third easternmost of the Finger Lakes of New York in the USA. The name Owasco can be roughly translated from a Mohawk and Iroquois term meaning crossing. The lake is eleven miles (17 km) long and the city of Auburn is located at... Cayuga Lake (pronounced either kA-yü-g& or kI-yü-g&) is the longest of western New Yorks glacial Finger Lakes, and is the second largest in surface area (marginally smaller than Seneca Lake) and volume. ... Seneca Lake, one of western New Yorks glacial Finger Lakes, is the largest lake entirely within New York and second deepest lake in the United States, when gauged by its depth below sea level. ... Keuka Lake is an unusual member of the Finger Lakes because it is Y-shaped instead of long and narrow. ... Canandaigua Lake is the fourth largest of the Finger Lakes, in the U.S. state of New York. ... Honeoye Lake is one of the Finger Lakes of New York State. ... Canadice Lake is one of the minor Finger Lakes of western New York in the USA. Canadice Lake has a shoreline 6. ... Hemlock Lake is one of the minor Finger Lakes. ... Conesus Lake is one of the minor Finger Lakes. ... Otsego Lake is a small lake located in Otsego County, New York in the USA and is a source of the Susquehanna River. ... Image File history File linksMetadata LakeFromBoat680N.jpg‎ Paul Malo photograph I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata LakeFromBoat680N.jpg‎ Paul Malo photograph I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Cazenovia Lake is a lake in New York, United States. ... U.S. Route 20 is an east-west United States highway. ... Tully, New York may refer to: Tully (town), New York Tully (village), New York Category: ... This article is about geological phenomena. ... The Tioughnioga River (tei-uhf-nee-O-guh) is a tributary of the Chenango River, approximately 70 miles (113 km) long, in central New York in the United States. ...


Oneida Lake, to the northeast of Syracuse, New York, is sometimes included as the "thumb," although it is shallow and somewhat different in character from the rest. Onondaga Lake, though located just north of the Finger Lakes region, is not considered one of the Finger Lakes. Conesus, Hemlock, Canadice, Honeoye, and Otisco are considered the minor Finger Lakes. Other, smaller lakes, including Silver, Waneta, and Lamoka lakes, dot this region. However, Waneta and Lamoka lakes are part of the Susquehanna River watershed as they drain into a tributary of the Chemung River. Oneida Lake is a large lake in central New York, northeast of Syracuse. ... Nickname: Location of Syracuse within the state of New York Coordinates: , City Government  - Mayor Matthew Driscoll (D) Area  - City 66. ... Onondaga Lake is northwest of the city of Syracuse, New York and south of Lake Ontario. ... Lamoka Lake is a small crescent-shaped lake in the western part of New York, USA. The lake is located at the border of Steuben County and Schuyler County. ... The Susquehanna River (originally Sasquesahanough per the 1612 John Smith map) is a river located in the northeastern United States. ... The Chemung River (shuh-MUHNG) is a tributary of the Susquehanna River, approximately 45 mi (72 km) long, in south central New York and northern Pennsylvania in the United States. ...


East of Oneida and Cazenovia Lakes are the headwaters of the Susquehanna River and Hudson River watersheds (the latter through the Mohawk Valley). The headwaters of a river are small streams that create it. ... The Susquehanna River (originally Sasquesahanough per the 1612 John Smith map) is a river located in the northeastern United States. ... The Hudson River, called Muh-he-kun-ne-tuk in Mahican or as the Lenape Native Americans called it in Unami, Muhheakantuck, is a river that runs through the eastern portion of New York State and, along its southern terminus, demarcates the border between the states of New York and... The Mohawk Valley region of the U.S. state of New York includes the industrialized cities of Utica and Rome, along with other smaller commercial centers. ...


Region

The Finger Lakes were modified by glaciers, but were not simply gouged out by glacial action, as often asserted. The present lakes were preglacial stream valleys or earlier lakes. Glaciers modified the terrain somewhat, but more critically: when the ice retreated, deposits left behind dammed the valleys, impounding water. The deep valley south of Syracuse, seen from Interstate 81, might have been another Finger Lake, had the glacier's terminal moraine been deposited farther north rather than at Tully, New York. Austrias longest glacier, the Pasterze, winds its 8 km (5 mile) route at the foot of Austrias highest mountain, the Grossglockner A glacier is a large, long-lasting river of ice that is formed on land and moves in response to gravity. ... Interstate 81 (abbreviated I-81) is an interstate highway in the eastern part of the United States. ... Moraine is the general term for debris of all sorts originally transported by glaciers or ice sheets that have since melted away. ... Tully, New York may refer to: Tully (town), New York Tully (village), New York Category: ...


The Finger Lakes are situated on the northern edge of the Appalachian Upland. They now drain northward to Lake Ontario. The southern ends of the lakes are characterized by steeper hills etched by streams running toward the lakes below. Glacial hanging valleys, terraces in the descent toward the lakes, often end with waterfalls. Taughannock Falls, with a drop of 214 ft (65 m), is one of the highest waterfalls east of the Rocky Mountains. Taughannock Falls State Park, Fillmore Glen, Treman State Park, and Watkins Glen are especially scenic examples of glens and waterfalls that have been incorporated into public parks. The glens of this region are unique worldwide. They are the narrow, rocky valleys carved by rainfall's relatively quick (10,000 years) erosion of the loose shale sediment of these (moraine) hills. This sediment ends up, e.g., along or in Cayuga lake (Taughannock and Treman) and Seneca Lake (Watkins Glen). Lake Ontario, bounded on the north by the Canadian province of Ontario and on the south by Ontarios Niagara Peninsula and by New York State, USA, is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. ... Bridal Veil Falls in Yosemite National Park flowing from a hanging valley. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Old photo of the main cataract Taughannock Falls State Park is located in the Town of Ulysses in Tompkins County, New York in the USA. The park is northwest of Ithaca, New York near Trumansburg, New York. ... Taughannock Falls in Autumn, 2003 Taughannock Falls State Park (IPA: ) is located in the Town of Ulysses in Tompkins County, New York in the USA. The park is northwest of Ithaca, New York near Trumansburg, New York. ... Fillmore Glen State Park is located adjacent to the Village of Moravia in Cayuga County, New York. ... Watkins Glen State Park is located on the edge of the village of Watkins Glen, New York, south of Seneca Lake in Schuyler County. ...


Most of the area was originally forested with oak, hickory, maple, chestnut, ash, hemlock, and beech trees, but the Iroquois maintained, by annual burning, the land between Cayuga and Seneca Lakes as prairie, with herds of bison, normally thought of as a western animal. Today the Finger Lakes area is still known for fishing and hunting. Winter sports are also popular, with skiing, snowmobling and ice fishing available. Species See List of Quercus species The term oak can be used as part of the common name of any of several hundred species of trees and shrubs in the genus Quercus (from Latin oak tree), and some related genera, notably Cyclobalanopsis and Lithocarpus. ... For other uses, see Maple (disambiguation). ... Species Castanea alnifolia - Bush Chinkapin* Castanea crenata - Japanese Chestnut Castanea dentata - American Chestnut Castanea henryi - Henrys Chestnut Castanea mollissima - Chinese Chestnut Castanea ozarkensis - Ozark Chinkapin Castanea pumila - Allegheny Chinkapin Castanea sativa - Sweet Chestnut Castanea seguinii - Seguins Chestnut * treated as a synonym of by many authors Chestnut (Castanea), including... Species See text European Ash in flower Narrow-leafed Ash (Fraxinus angustifolia) shoot with leaves Closeup of European Ash seeds 19th century illustration of Manna Ash (Fraxinus ornus) An ash can be any of four different tree genera from four very distinct families (see end of page for disambiguation), but... Species Eastern Hemlock Carolina Hemlock Taiwan Hemlock Northern Japanese Hemlock Himalayan Hemlock Forrests Hemlock Western Hemlock Mountain Hemlock Southern Japanese Hemlock Tsuga is a genus of conifers in the family Pinaceae. ... For other uses, see Beech (disambiguation). ... Languages Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, Seneca, Tuscarora, English, French Religions Christianity, Longhouse religion The Iroquois Confederacy (also known as the League of Peace and Power; the Five Nations; the Six Nations; or the People of the Long house) is a group of First Nations/Native Americans that originally consisted of... For other uses, see Prairie (disambiguation). ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) Subspecies B. b. ... Fishing is the activity of hunting for fish by hooking, trapping, or gathering. ... This article is about the hunting of prey by human society. ... Cross-country skiing (skating style) in Einsiedeln, Switzerland. ... A snowmobile tour at Yellowstone National Park, note the mixture of exhaust and snowdust in the air and the required guide. ... Ice fishing in the Finnish Miljoonapilkki fishing competition. ...

Skaneateles Lake, a Finger Lake located in Onondaga County near Syracuse.
Skaneateles Lake, a Finger Lake located in Onondaga County near Syracuse.

The Finger Lakes region is an important agricultural sector of New York. The rolling land between the lakes is occupied notably by vineyards (discussed below) but more commonly with other farms, mostly dairy operations, a number owned by Amish and Mennonite families in the twentieth centuries. Many Quakers settled in the nineteenth century. Farms raise corn, hay, wheat, oats, barley, and soybeans. Cabbages, sweetcorn, and potatoes are major vegetable crops. Maple syrup and honey are also local products. Cornell University (below) maintains the New York State Agricultural Experiment Station and horticultural gene bank at Geneva on the north end of Seneca Lake. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 388 KB)photo of Skaneateles Lake from the Village of Skaneateles, taken by me on July 25, 2005 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 388 KB)photo of Skaneateles Lake from the Village of Skaneateles, taken by me on July 25, 2005 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... A dairy farm near Oxford, New York in the United States. ... This article is about Old Order Amish, but also refers to other Amish sects. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      The Mennonites are a group of... This article is about the maize plant. ... For other uses, see Hay (disambiguation). ... Species T. aestivum T. boeoticum T. compactum T. dicoccoides T. dicoccon T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta T. sphaerococcum T. timopheevii References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 For the indie rock group see: Wheat (band). ... Binomial name Avena sativa Carolus Linnaeus (1753) The Oat (Avena sativa) is a species of cereal grain, and the seeds of this plant. ... Binomial name L. Barley (Hordeum vulgare) is an annual cereal grain, which serves as a major animal feed crop, with smaller amounts used for malting and in health food. ... Binomial name (L.) Merr. ... Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... Husked sweetcorn Young sweetcorn The same rows of corn 41 days later at maturity. ... For other uses, see Potato (disambiguation). ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see Honey (disambiguation). ... The campus of the New York State Agricultural Experiment Station at Geneva, New York, is an integral part of the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences of Cornell University. ... Seedbanks store seeds as a source for planting in case seed reserves elsewhere should be destroyed. ... Geneva is a city in Ontario County, New York, USA. The population was 13,617 at the 2000 census. ...


Finger Lakes cities and larger villages are situated at the head and foot of most major lakes: Skaneateles, Auburn, Ithaca, Geneva, Watkins Glen, Penn Yan, Hammondsport and Canandaigua. These historic communities with scenic situations all are tourist destinations, as is the village of Aurora, which is situated on the east shore of Cayuga Lake, and Naples, located about five miles south of Canandaigua Lake. Although not on one of the lakes, the nearby city of Corning is also a major destination for visitors, because of its famous glass museum and demonstrations. Similarly, the villages of Seneca Falls and Waterloo, although not on lakes, attract many to the several sites of the Women's Rights National Historical Park and the National Women's Hall of Fame. Likewise not on a lake but attracting many visitors is the Genesee Country Village and Museum at Mumford. Similarly, Letchworth State Park, with its famous gorge and waterfalls, draws visitors to the western end of the Finger Lakes region. The Montezuma National Wildlife Refuge at the foot of Cayuga Lake is also a major feature of the region, as is the Sonnenberg Gardens and Mansion State Historic Park at Canandaigua. Skaneateles is a village located in Onondaga County, New York. ... Auburn is a city in Cayuga County, New York, United States of America. ... The City of Ithaca (named for the Greek island of Ithaca) sits on the southern shore of Cayuga Lake, in Central New York State. ... Geneva is a city in Ontario County, New York, USA. The population was 13,617 at the 2000 census. ... Watkins Glen is a village located in Schuyler County, New York, USA. As of the 2000 census, the village had a total population of 2,149. ... Vineyard near Keuka Lake, Penn Yan, New York Penn Yan is a village in Yates County, New York, USA. The population was 5,219 at the 2000 census. ... Hammondsport is a village in Steuben County, New York, USA. The population was 731 at the 2000 census. ... Canandaigua is a city in Ontario County, New York, USA, of which it is the county seat. ... Another Aurora is a town in Erie County, New York. ... Naples is a village located in Ontario County, New York. ... Rockwell Museum Corning is a city in Steuben County, New York, United States, on the Chemung River. ... Seneca Falls is a village located in Seneca County, New York. ... Waterloo is a village located in Seneca County, New York. ... Womens Rights National Historical Park was established in 1980, and covers a total of 6. ... The National Womens Hall of Fame was created in 1969 by a group of people in Seneca Falls, New York, the location of the first American womens rights convention, now known to historians as the 1848 Womens Rights Convention. ... The Genesee Country Village and Museum (more than 600 acres) is located in Mumford, New York, about 20 miles from Rochester, New York, USA. It is open to the public, for a fee, every day except Monday. ... Wheatland is a town in Monroe County, New York, United States. ... Letchworth State Park is a state park located 35 miles (56 km) south of Rochester, New York. ... The Montezuma National Wildlife Refuge is a wildlife preserve operated by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service at the north end of Cayuga Lake. ... Sonnenberg Gardens and Mansion State Historic Park is a 52-acre state park located at 151 Charlotte Street, Canandaigua, New York, USA, at the north end of Canandaigua Lake, in the Finger Lakes region of Upstate New York. ...


Tourism has become a major growth industry of the Finger Lakes Region. According to the New York State Department of Economic Development, taxable sales derived from tourism in one county alone exceeded ninety million dollars in a recent year (2001). Visitors spent an estimated 200 million dollars in the central Finger Lakes region, where the industry employed about fifteen thousand people.


Water quality becomes an increasing concern as population expands, with waterfront property increasingly in demand. Skaneateles Lake is the purest of the Finger Lakes, in large part because of controls imposed by the City of Syracuse, which in 2006 spent 2.3 million dollars to protect its water supply. Skaneateles Lake is deep and also has a relatively small watershed compared to other Finger Lakes. Smaller and shallower Owasco Lake, to the west, has a watershed nearly four times larger, while receiving discharge from two municipal sewage plants, but with far less pollution control. Skaneateles Lake is one of the Finger Lakes in central New York in the United States. ... Owasco Lake is the sixth largest and third easternmost of the Finger Lakes of New York in the USA. The name Owasco can be roughly translated from a Mohawk and Iroquois term meaning crossing. The lake is eleven miles (17 km) long and the city of Auburn is located at...


Wine

Vineyard overlooking Canandaigua Lake, from Route 21
Vineyard overlooking Canandaigua Lake, from Route 21

The Finger Lakes area is New York's largest wine producing region, and the second largest in the United States behind the Napa Valley in California.[citation needed] Numerous wineries and vineyards are centered around Seneca, Cayuga, Canandaigua, and Keuka Lakes. Because of the lakes' great depth, they provide a lake effect to the lush vineyards that flank their shores. Retaining residual summer warmth in the winter, and winter's cold in the spring, the grapes are protected from disastrous spring frost during grape formation, and early frost before the harvest. With the passage of the Farm Winery Act in 1978, countless numbers of wineries have opened their doors to visitors from all over the world. Wineries are a major growth industry of the region, not merely contributing to the economy through production, but increasingly because they attract large numbers of visitors who support other components of tourism. Image File history File linksMetadata CanandaguaLakeVinyard680. ... Image File history File linksMetadata CanandaguaLakeVinyard680. ... Canandaigua Lake is the fourth largest of the Finger Lakes, in the U.S. state of New York. ... For other uses, see Wine (disambiguation). ... Napa County is in north-central California Napa Valley is most famous for its wine. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... A winery is a facility where fruit, usually grapes, is processed into wine. ... A vineyard A vineyard is a place where grapes are grown for making wine, raisins, or table grapes. ... Lake-effect clouds off Lakes Superior and Michigan; satellite image taken December 5, 2000, courtesy of NASA. Lake effect snow is produced in the winter when cold winds move across long expanses of warmer lake water, picking up water vapor which freezes and is deposited on the lee shores. ...


History

The Finger Lakes region is a central part of the Iroquois homeland. The Iroquois tribes include the Seneca and Cayuga tribes, for which the two largest Finger Lakes are named. The Tuscarora tribe lived in the Finger Lakes region as well. The Onondaga and Oneida tribes lived at the eastern edge of the region, closer to their namesake lakes, Lake Oneida and Onondaga Lake. The sixth Iroquois tribe, the Mohawk, lived farther east. During colonial times, many other tribes moved to the Finger Lakes region, seeking the protection of the Iroquois. For example, remnants of several tribes of North Carolina, collectively called the Tutelo, moved to the town of Coreorgonel at the south end of Cayuga Lake near present-day Ithaca. Major Iroquois towns in the Finger Lakes region included the Seneca town of Gen-nis-he-yo (present-day Geneseo), Kanadaseaga (Seneca Castle, near present-day Geneva), Goiogouen (Cayuga Castle, east of Cayuga Lake), Chonodote (Cayuga town, present-day Aurora), and Catherine's Town (near present-day Watkins Glen). Languages Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, Seneca, Tuscarora, English, French Religions Christianity, Longhouse religion The Iroquois Confederacy (also known as the League of Peace and Power; the Five Nations; the Six Nations; or the People of the Long house) is a group of First Nations/Native Americans that originally consisted of... For other uses, see Seneca. ... The Cayuga nation (Guyohkohnyo or the People of the Great Swamp) was one of the five original constituents of the Iroquois, a confederacy of Indians in New York. ... The Tuscarora are an American Indian tribe originally in North Carolina, which moved north to New York, and then partially into Canada. ... For other uses, see Onondaga. ... The Oneida (Onyotaa:ka or Onayotekaono, meaning the People of the Upright Stone, or standing stone) are a Native American/First Nations people and comprise one of the five founding nations of the Iroquois Confederacy. ... Oneida Lake is a large lake in central New York, northeast of Syracuse. ... Onondaga Lake is northwest of the city of Syracuse, New York and south of Lake Ontario. ... This article is about the people known as Mohawk. For other uses, see Mohawk. ... TUTELO is a name classification referring to Indians who historically resided from the eastern edge of the Blue Ridge Mountains of Virginia down to the valleys of the Mayo and Dan Rivers in North Carolina. ... Geneseo is a town located in Livingston County in upstate New York, USA. Its population is approximately 9,600. ... Kanadaseaga, or Seneca Castle, was a major village of the Seneca nation of the Iroquois Confederacy in west-central New York State. ... Goiogouen, or Cayuga Castle, was a major village of the Cayuga people. ... Chonodote was an 18th-century Cayuga village, located about four and a half miles from Goiogouen. ... Catherines Town was a Iroquois town named for the Seneca leader Catherine Montour. ...


As one of the most powerful Indian nations during colonial times, the Iroquois were able to prevent European colonization of the Finger Lakes region for nearly two centuries after first contact. By the late 18th century Iroquois power had weakened, relative to the European-Americans, and internal strife eroded the political unity of the Iroquois League. During the American Revolutionary War some of the Iroquois sided with the British and some with the Americans, resulting in civil war among the Iroquois. In the late 1770s, British-allied Iroquois attacks various American frontier settlements, prompting counter-attacks, culminating in the Sullivan Expedition of 1779, which destroyed most of the Iroquois towns and effectively broke Iroquois power. This article is about military actions only. ... The Sullivan Expedition, also known as the Sullivan-Clinton Expedition, was a campaign led by Major General John Sullivan and General James Clinton against Loyalists (Tories) and the four nations of the Iroquois who had sided with the British in the American Revolutionary War. ...


After the Revolutionary War, the Iroquois and other Indians of the region were assigned reservations. Most of their land, including the Finger Lakes region, was opened up to purchase and settlement.


Roughly the western half of the Finger Lakes region comprised the Phelps and Gorham Purchase of 1790. The region was rapidly settled at the turn of the nineteenth century, largely by a westward migration from New England, but to a lesser degree by northward influx from Pennsylvania. The regional architecture reflects these area traditions of the Federal and Greek Revival periods. The Phelps and Gorham Purchase was the purchase in 1788 of the pre-emptive right to some 6,000,000 acres (24,000 km²) of land in western New York State for $1,000,000. ...


The Finger Lakes region, together with the Genesee Country of Western New York, has been referred to as the Burned-Over District, where, in the 19th century, the Second Great Awakening was a revival of Christianity, and some new religions were also formed. The region was active in reform and utopian movements. Many Underground Railroad sites have been documented. The Harriet Tubman Home at Auburn recalls the life and work of the African-American "Moses of her people." Map of the Holland Purchase The Holland Land Company was formed in 1796 by Wilheim Willink and a group of fellow Dutch bankers to purchase from Robert Morris a large tract of land in what is now western New York State, an area later known as the Holland Purchase. ... The Burned-Over District was a name given by evangelist Charles Grandison Finney to an area in western New York State in the United States of America. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Second Great Awakening  (1800–1830s) was the second great religious revival in United States  history and consisted of renewed personal salvation experienced in revival meetings. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is... This article is about slave escape route. ... Harriet Tubman (c. ...


On the northern end of the Finger Lakes is also Seneca Falls, the birthplace of the Women's suffrage movement, Waterloo, the birthplace of Memorial Day, and Palmyra, the birthplace of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, also known as the Mormon Church. An annual outdoor drama, The Hill Cumorah Pageant, produced by the Mormons draws thousands of visitors each year. Seneca Falls is a village located in Seneca County, New York. ... The term womens suffrage refers to an economic and political reform movement aimed at extending suffrage — the right to vote — to women. ... Waterloo is a village located in Seneca County, New York. ... Memorial Day is a United States federal holiday that is observed on the last Monday of May (observed this year on 2007-05-28). ... Palmyra is a village located in Wayne County, New York. ... For other uses, see Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (disambiguation). ... This article is about the history and use of the word Mormon. For information about the religious beliefs and culture of Mormons, see Mormonism. ...


Hammondsport was the home of aviation pioneer Glenn Curtiss, and the favorable air currents make the area a popular spot for glider pilots. Elmira, just to the south, was the home of Mark Twain in his later life, and the site of an infamous Civil War prison. Corning is most noted as the home of Corning Glass Works. Hornell, just southwest of the Finger Lakes was a major railroad center. Locomotives were repaired there until recently. Hammondsport is a village in Steuben County, New York, USA. The population was 731 at the 2000 census. ... Glenn H. Curtiss at the Grande Semaine dAviation in France in 1909 Glenn Hammond Curtiss (May 21, 1878 – July 23, 1930) was an aviation pioneer and founder of the Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company, now part of Curtiss-Wright Corporation. ... Gliders or Sailplanes are heavier-than-air aircraft primarily intended for unpowered flight. ... Location in Chemung County in the state of New York Coordinates: Country United States State New York County Chemung County Government  - Mayor John S. Tonello (D) Area  - City  7. ... Samuel Langhorne Clemens (November 30, 1835 – April 21, 1910),[1] better known by the pen name Mark Twain, was an American humorist, satirist, lecturer and writer. ... Rockwell Museum Corning is a city in Steuben County, New York, United States, on the Chemung River. ... Corning Glass Works (NYSE: GLW) is a U.S. manufacturer of glass, ceramics and related materials, primarily for technical and scientific applications. ... Hornell (New York) Hornell is a city in Steuben County, New York, USA. The population was 9,019 at the 2000 census. ... This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ... Great Western Railway No. ...

Granger Homestead, 1816, Canandaigua
Granger Homestead, 1816, Canandaigua

Notable among the historic buildings of the region (most linked below) is the Granger Homestead (1816), a large village house in Federal Style at Canandaigua, New York. Another example of the Federal Style is the Prouty-Chew House (1829) at Geneva, portions of which were altered at various times in new fashions. Three Greek Revival mansions are situated near three lakes: The Richard DeZeng House, Skaneateles (1839), Rose Hill, Geneva (1839), and Esperanza, Penn Yan (1838). The latter two are open to the public. The Seward House in Auburn, a National Historic Landmark, is a mansion more characteristic of the Civil War era, virtually unchanged from the nineteenth century. Belhurst Castle, Geneva, a stone mansion in the Romanesque Revival style, now serves as an inn. Sonnenberg mansion at Canandaigua is later nineteenth-century residence in the Queen Anne style, known for its restored period gardens. Geneva on the Lake is a villa (1910-14) that recalls those on Italian lakes. Now an inn, it has exceptional gardens in the European manner. Many buildings and historic districts of the Finger Lakes region are notable, other than these historic houses. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (867x608, 827 KB)Photograph courtesy Finger Lakes Visitors Connection - Ontario County, NY http://www. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (867x608, 827 KB)Photograph courtesy Finger Lakes Visitors Connection - Ontario County, NY http://www. ... There are two local governmental bodies known as Canandaigua and both are in Ontario County, New York. ... The Granger Homestead and Carriage Museum offers an important 1816 mansion in the Federal style in the village of Canandaigua, New York. ... Belhurst Castle is a former private residence on the shores of Seneca Lake in Geneva, New York. ... Sonnenberg Gardens and Mansion State Historic Park is a 52-acre state park located at 151 Charlotte Street, Canandaigua, New York, USA, at the north end of Canandaigua Lake, in the Finger Lakes region of Upstate New York. ...


Educational institutions

The area is also known for education, with the largest institution being Cornell University in Ithaca, the state land grant institution. Its alma mater begins "Far Above Cayuga's Waters", because it is on the hills overlooking the city of Ithaca and the southern end of Cayuga Lake. There are also the State Universities of New York at Geneseo and Cortland, Ithaca College in Ithaca, Hobart and William Smith Colleges in Geneva, Wells College in Aurora, also on Cayuga Lake, Keuka College, New York Chiropractic College in Seneca Falls, and several community colleges. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (600x888, 712 KB)Paul Malo photograph I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (600x888, 712 KB)Paul Malo photograph I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Wells College is located in Aurora, New York. ... Another Aurora is a town in Erie County, New York. ... “Cornell” redirects here. ... Land-grant universities (also called land-grant colleges or land grant institutions) are institutions of higher education in the United States which have been designated by Congress to receive the benefits of the Morrill Acts of 1862 and 1890. ... Alma mater is Latin for nourishing mother. It was used in ancient Rome as a title for the mother goddess, and in Medieval Christianity for the Virgin Mary. ... View of Cayuga Lake. ... The City of Ithaca (named for the Greek island of Ithaca) sits on the southern shore of Cayuga Lake, in Central New York State. ... The State University of New York at Geneseo—also known as SUNY Geneseo or, colloquially, Geneseo State University—is located in Geneseo, Livingston County, New York. ... The State University of New York College at Cortland, also called SUNY Cortland, is located in Cortland, New York. ... Ithaca College is a private institution of higher education located on the South Hill of Ithaca, New York. ... Hobart and William Smith Colleges, located in Geneva, New York, are together a liberal arts college. ... Wells College is located in Aurora, New York. ... Aurora is the name of some places in the U.S. state of New York: Aurora, Cayuga County, New York (a village) Aurora, Erie County, New York (a town) For other uses or locations with this name, see Aurora. ... Founded in 1890 and located on the shores of Keuka Lake in New York State’s Finger Lakes region, Keuka College is an independent, four-year, residential, coeducational college that places emphasis on career and pre-professional education. ... New York Chiropractic College or NYCC is one of 17 Chiropractic Colleges in the United States. ... Seneca Falls is a village located in Seneca County, New York. ... In Canada and the United States, a community college, sometimes called a county college, junior college or a city college, is an educational institution providing higher education and lower-level tertiary education, granting certificates, diplomas, and Associates degrees. ...


References

  • Thompson, John H., ed. Geography of New York State (Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1977)
  • Engeln, O. D., von. The Finger Lakes Region: Its Origin and Nature (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1961, 1988)
  • Finger Lakes Tourism Statistics [1]

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

  Results from FactBites:
 
Home Page (226 words)
The Finger Lakes Region, as the Heart of New York State and the subject of twelve books by Emerson Klees, is bounded by the I-390 Expressway in the West,The New York State Thruway in the North, the I-81 Expressway and Route 13 in the East, and I-86, the Southern Tier Expressway, in the South.
It is said that the Finger Lakes were made by the impression of the hand of the Great Spirit on central New York State.
According to the legend, there are six Finger Lakes because the hand of Manitou slipped when he was pushing the portion of Indian Paradise down from the heavens, causing six indentations that later became the lakes.
Hobart and William Smith Colleges :: Welcome Finger Lakes (217 words)
In the heart of New York State lie 9,000 square-miles of land and water known as the Finger Lakes region.
Named the Finger Lakes for the shape of the 11 pristine lakes that highlight the area, the region is best known for its natural beauty and award-winning wineries.
There is always something new to discover throughout the four seasons in the Finger Lakes.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m