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Encyclopedia > Fingal
County of Fingal
Contae Fhine Gall
Location
Statistics
Province: Leinster
County Town: Swords
Code: D (FL proposed)
Area: 448.07 km²
Population (2006) 239,813
Website: www.fingal.ie

Fingal (Fine Gall in Irish, meaning "foreign tribe", i.e. Norsemen) is a county in the Republic of Ireland. It was formed from part of the historic county Dublin. The Vikings referred to the area as Dyflinarskiri, the hinterland of Dublin. The original name however derived from the old Gaelic Fionn Gall meaning fair strangers, denoting the Norse, whereas south county Dublin was called Dubh Gall, denoting the occupying Danes. Early Anglo-Norman versions of the name include the similar Fiehengall, Fynnegal, Fyngal, and Finegal, which led to the mis-identification with Fine Gall. Fingalian is an extinct language, a hybrid of Old English and Old Norse, with Gaelic influences, which was spoken by the people of Fingal until the mid-1800s. County Dublin map with inset location on island of Ireland. ... When under Gaelic rule, Ireland was divided into provinces to replace the earlier system of the túatha. ... Statistics Area: 19,774. ... A county town is the capital of a county in the United Kingdom or Republic of Ireland. ... swords redirects here. ... A number plate for a car registered in 2001 in County Dublin Index marks on Number plates in the Republic of Ireland issued since 1987 have the format YY-CC-SSSSSS where the components are: YY — a 2-digit year (e. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Norseman redirects here; for the town of the same name see Norseman, Western Australia. ... A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. ... The name Viking is a loan from the native Scandinavian term for the Norse seafaring warriors who raided the coasts of Scandinavia, Europe and the British Isles from the late 8th century to the 11th century, the period of European history referred to as the Viking Age. ... Fingalian is an extinct language spoken by the people of Fingal, an area to the north of Dublin. ... Old English (also called Anglo-Saxon[1], Old English: ) is an early form of the English language that was spoken in parts of what is now England and southern Scotland between the mid-fifth century and the mid-twelfth century. ... Old Norse or Danish tongue is the Germanic language once spoken by the inhabitants of the Nordic countries (for instance during the Viking Age). ... The Goidelic languages (also sometimes called, particularly in colloquial situations, the Gaelic languages or collectively Gaelic) have historically been part of a dialect continuum stretching from the south of Ireland, the Isle of Man, to the north of Scotland. ...

Contents

History

The first administrative identity going by a variant of the original name was the grant of the Lordship of Fingal, a Prescriptive Barony, confirmed by letters patent from King John to Walter de Lacy and his heirs in perpetuity, in 1208, and based on the latter's father Hugh de Lacy's holding the same on a basis of grand serjeanty for his services as bailiff to the King. The lordship of Fingal was a paramount superiority over several sub-infeudated smaller baronies (such as Castleknock, Santry, Balrothery), and thus eventually accrued vicecomital attributes leading to the granting of the first viscountcy in Ireland in 1478 to a Preston, Lord Gormanston, the Premier Viscount of Ireland, who at the time was the main landowner in the area, and a direct descendant of Walter de Lacy. That viscountcy was called after Gormanston as the latter was the principle seat and Manor of the Prestons at the time, having been acquired upon their relinquishment of occupancy of the Manor of Fyngallestoun. The Viscounts Gormanston continued to retain the Lordship of the latter under reversion. A lord is a male who has power and authority. ... // Scottish Prescriptive Barony by Tenure was, from 1660 until 2004, the feudal description of the only genuine degree of title of UK nobility capable of being bought and sold, (along with the Caput, or property), rather than merely passing by personal descent. ... This article is about the King of England. ... crest of de Lacy Lacy´s purple lion De Lacy (Lascy, Lacie) is an old Norman noble family originating from Lassy (Calvados). ... January 31 - Inferior Swedish forces defeats the invading danes in Battle of Lena. ... The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view. ... Bailiff (from Late Latin bajulivus, adjectival form of bajulus) is a governor or custodian (cf. ... Castleknock (Caisleán Cnucha in Irish meaning Castle of the Hill or Cnuchas Castle[1] is a Barony, village and district at the edge of County Dublin, located 8 km west of the centre of Dublin, Ireland. ... Santry (Irish: , meaning Old tribe) is a suburb on the Northside of Dublin, bordering Coolock, Glasnevin and Ballymun. ... Balrothery is an ancient barony, which includes a village of the same name, that is located in Fingal. ... A viscount is a member of the European nobility, especially of France, and of the British peerage, where a viscount ranks above a baron, below an earl (a count in France), and corresponds in Britain to the Anglo-Saxon shire reeve. ... Events February 18 - George, Duke of Clarence, convicted of treason against his older brother Edward IV of England, is privately executed in the Tower of London. ... A viscount is a member of the European nobility, especially of France, and of the British peerage, where a viscount ranks above a baron, below an earl (a count in France), and corresponds in Britain to the Anglo-Saxon shire reeve. ... For the 17th century system in Canada, see Seigneurial system of New France. ...


The heraldic crest for Fingal reads "Flúirse Talaimh is Mara" meaning "Abundance of Land and Water". The motto reflects the strong farming and fishing ties historically associated with the area. It also features a Viking longboat, which represents the arrival of the Norse in Fingal, where they became integrated with the existing Irish. For other uses, see Viking (disambiguation). ...


In 1210, Fingal was included in County Dublin, one of the first twelve counties created by King John during the shiring of Ireland. Over the centuries, Fingal included several other baronies, namely Finglas, Feltrim, Howth, Shankill, and Swords. A peerage title as Earl of Fingall was created in 1628, by King Charles I of England, and granted to Lucas Plunkett, Baron Fingall, whose first wife, Elizabeth O'Donnell of Tyrconnell thus became 1st Countess of Fingall. The Plunketts also intermarried with the Prestons, Viscounts Gormanston. The title went extinct upon the death of the 12th and last Earl in 1984, along with a peerage barony of the same name, not to be confused with the titular prescriptive barony of Fingal, long retained by the Viscount Gormanston as an incorporeal hereditament in gross, until passed to the late Patrick Denis O'Donnell. Events End of the reign of Emperor Tsuchimikado, emperor of Japan Emperor Juntoku ascends to the throne of Japan Otto IV, Holy Roman Emperor excommunicated by Pope Innocent III for invading southern Italy in 1210 Gottfried von Strassburg writes his epic poem Tristan about 1210 Beginning of Delhi Sultanate Births... Statistics Province: Leinster County Town: Dublin Code: D Area: 921 km² Population (2006) 1,186,821 County Dublin (Irish: Contae Bhaile Átha Cliath), or more correctly today the Dublin Region[1] (Réigiúin Átha Cliath), is the area that contains the city of Dublin, the capital and largest city... This article is about the King of England. ... For an Ent from Tolkiens legendarium, see Finglas (Middle-earth). ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference O283393 Statistics County: Elevation: sea level Population (2002)  - Town:  - Rural:   8706  n/a Howth (pronounced to rhyme with both; known as Binn Éadair in Irish) is a generally affluent residential area in the Fingal County Council administrative area of County Dublin, Ireland. ... Shankill is an area in Belfast, Northern Ireland. ... swords redirects here. ... The titles of Baron Killeen and Earl of Fingall were titles in the Peerage of Ireland. ... 1628 was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Charles I King of England, Scotland and Ireland Charles I (19 November 1600–30 January 1649) was King of England, Scotland and Ireland from 27 March 1625, until his death. ... The House of ODonnell of Tyrconnell is the dynastic Royal House of the former Kings and Princes of Tyrconnell in Ireland. ... This article is about the year. ... The title of Viscount Gormanston was created in the Peerage of Ireland in 1478, and is the senior Viscount of Ireland, as well as the bearer of the oldest vicomital title in the British Isles. ... Hereditament (from Lat. ... Patrick Denis ODonnell, (January 9, 1922–January 1, 2005), was a well-known Irish military historian, writer, former UN peace-keeper, and retired Commandant of the Irish Defence Forces. ...


County status

The area of Fingal, which had been recognised in various historical accounts throughout the middle ages (most notably the Annals of the Four Masters), was raised to county status on 1 January 1994, through the Local Government (Dublin) Act, 1993 and more formally in the Local Government Act, 2001, with the division of old County Dublin into three new counties. Under the latter law, Fingal is determined and listed as a county under Part 1 - Counties, of Schedule 5 (page 195)[1]. Signature page from the Annals of the Four Masters Entry for A.D. 432 The Annals of the Four Masters or the Annals of the Kingdom of Ireland by the Four Masters are a chronicle of medieval Irish history. ... A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ...


Fingal covers the coastal area north of City of Dublin along the Irish Sea and south of the River Delvin to the River Liffey, and it is bordered by the counties of Meath, Kildare and South Dublin. This article is about the city in Ireland. ... Relief map of the Irish Sea. ... The Liffey in West Wicklow The Liffey (An Life in Irish) is a river in the Republic of Ireland, which flows through the centre of Dublin. ... Statistics Province: Leinster County Town: Navan Code: MH Area: 2,342 km² Population (2006) 162,831 Website: www. ... Statistics Province: Leinster County Town: Naas Code: KE Area: 1,693 km² Population (2006) 186,075 Website: www. ... Statistics Province: Leinster County Town: Tallaght Code: D (SN proposed) Area: 222. ...


Fingal County Council, the local government authority, has its main offices in Swords. Fingal County Council has 24 directly elected members. ... swords redirects here. ...


Economy and society

Fingal is Ireland’s primary horticultural region, producing 50% of the national vegetable output and 75% of all glasshouse crops grown in the country. However, the areas of production are coming under severe pressure from other development and the rural towns are increasingly becoming dormitories for the City. Howth harbour is the biggest fishing harbour on the east coast and the fifth largest in the country. Horticulture (Latin: hortus (garden plant) + cultura (culture)) are classically defined as the culture or growing of garden plants. ... For other uses, see Dublin (disambiguation). ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference O283393 Statistics County: Elevation: sea level Population (2002)  - Town:  - Rural:   8706  n/a Howth (pronounced to rhyme with both; known as Binn Éadair in Irish) is a generally affluent residential area in the Fingal County Council administrative area of County Dublin, Ireland. ...


Fingal itself is the fifth largest local government area in Ireland by population. The main urban center in Fingal is Blanchardstown with other important centres at Balbriggan, Castleknock, Howth, Malahide, Mulhuddart, and Swords. The Institute of Technology, Blanchardstown and Dublin International Airport are located within the county. Blanchardstown (Baile Bhlainséir in Irish) is a sprawling suburb of Dublin, Ireland. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Castleknock (Caisleán Cnucha in Irish meaning Castle of the Hill or Cnuchas Castle[1] is a Barony, village and district at the edge of County Dublin, located 8 km west of the centre of Dublin, Ireland. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference O283393 Statistics County: Elevation: sea level Population (2002)  - Town:  - Rural:   8706  n/a Howth (pronounced to rhyme with both; known as Binn Éadair in Irish) is a generally affluent residential area in the Fingal County Council administrative area of County Dublin, Ireland. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference O225462 Statistics Province: Leinster County: Elevation: sea level Population (2002) 11,596  Website: www. ... // Mulhuddart (Mullach Eadrad in Irish) is a village in southwest County Fingal, Ireland, and is now effectively a suburb of Dublin city, being seven miles from the city centre. ... swords redirects here. ... Institute of Technology, Blanchardstown (ITB) is the most recent Institute of Technology opened in Ireland. ... Dublin Airport (IATA Airport Code; DUB, ICAO Airport Code; EIDW) is Irelands main airport. ...


In 2006 Fingal County Council was lauded[2] by prominent Irish construction industry figures, politicians and EU Energy Commissioner Andris Piebalgs [3] for becoming the first local authority in Ireland to introduce mandatory sustainable building requirements. The policy, which relates to all construction in 8 parts of the county--including roughly 13,000 new homes--stipulates that the amount of energy and CO2 emissions associated with the heating and hot water of all buildings must be reduced by at least 60% compared to Irish Building Regulations, with at least 30% of the energy used for heating and hot water coming from renewable sources such as solar, geothermal or biomass.


Finally, according to the Irish National Census returns for 2006 [4], published by the Government's Central Statistics Office, Fingal is the youngest and fastest growing county in Ireland, with the most economically active population, thus in the fastest growing economy in the European Union[5]. It also is the most cosmopolitan county in Ireland, with the greatest mix of nationalities and ethnicities which has been its heritage for many centuries. The Central Statistics Office is the statistical agency responsible for Irelands census and other state data collection activities. ...


Towns, villages and Dublin suburbs in Fingal

Fingal C.C. also takes responsibility for the northern-most parts of Ballymun, Santry and Finglas. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Baldoyle (Baile Dúill in Irish) is a small coastal village in Fingal, Republic of Ireland, immediately northeast of the City of Dublin. ... Bayside (Cois Bá in Irish) is a small, lower middle class, residential Northside suburb of Dublin, Ireland. ... Blanchardstown (Baile Bhlainséir in Irish) is a sprawling suburb of Dublin, Ireland. ... Castleknock (Caisleán Cnucha in Irish meaning Castle of the Hill or Cnuchas Castle[1] is a Barony, village and district at the edge of County Dublin, located 8 km west of the centre of Dublin, Ireland. ... Clonsilla (Cluain Saileach in Irish, meaning meadow of the Willow or Sallows). ... Corduff is a suburb in Dublins North West close to Blanchardstown, Dublin. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Statistics Province: Leinster County: Population (2006) 5,499  Donabate (Domhnach Bat in Irish) is a remote suburb of Dublin, Ireland. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference O283393 Statistics County: Elevation: sea level Population (2002)  - Town:  - Rural:   8706  n/a Howth (pronounced to rhyme with both; known as Binn Éadair in Irish) is a generally affluent residential area in the Fingal County Council administrative area of County Dublin, Ireland. ... Lusk is located 23Km (14mi) north of Dublin City Centre. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference O225462 Statistics Province: Leinster County: Elevation: sea level Population (2002) 11,596  Website: www. ... // Mulhuddart (Mullach Eadrad in Irish) is a village in southwest County Fingal, Ireland, and is now effectively a suburb of Dublin city, being seven miles from the city centre. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , , Irish Grid Reference O130609 Statistics Province: Leinster County: Elevation: 75 m Population (2002) 7,612  Naul (An Aill in Irish, meaning The Cliff) is a village in Fingal, Co. ... Oldtown (An tSeanbhaile in Irish) is one of a network of rural villages in North Fingal, which function as local centres, servicing the agricultural hinterland within the County. ... Ongar can refer to - Ongar, Dublin, Ireland Chipping Ongar, Essex, England ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference O238432 Statistics Province: Leinster County: Elevation: sea level Population (2002) 8,376  Portmarnock (Port Mearnóg in Irish) is a suburban village north of the city of Dublin, in the part of traditional County Dublin now governed as County Fingal, Ireland. ... Portrane is a small seaside resort just one kilometre from the larger town of Donabate in Dublin, Ireland. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference O263543 Statistics Province: Leinster County: Area: 670 Hectares Elevation: 1 m (3 ft) Population (2006) 8,280  Rush (Ros Eó in Irish, meaning peninsula of the yew trees) is a small seaside town – population 8,280 – situated between the communities of Skerries and... Rolestown, or Rowlestown, is a small village six miles (10 km) north-west of Swords along the R125 in County Dublin, Ireland, about halfway between Swords and Ashbourne. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference O248606 Statistics Province: Leinster County: Elevation: sea level Population (2002) 7,612  Skerries (Na Sceirí in Irish) is a seaside town in North County Dublin, Ireland, and is now administratively part of County Fingal. ... swords redirects here. ... Sutton (Irish: Cill Fhionntáin - Fintans cell) is a residential suburb of Dublin, Ireland. ... Tyrrelstown is a rapidly expanding village in the North West of Dublin, Ireland. ... Ballymun (Irish:Baile Munna), nicknamed The Mun, is an area on Dublins Northside close to Dublin Airport. ... Santry (Irish: , meaning Old tribe) is a suburb on the Northside of Dublin, bordering Coolock, Glasnevin and Ballymun. ... For an Ent from Tolkiens legendarium, see Finglas (Middle-earth). ...


Fingal County Council

Fingal County Council has 24 directly elected members. The members since the local election in 2004 are:


Labour: 6 The Labour Party (Irish: Páirtí an Lucht Oibre) is a social democratic political party in the Republic of Ireland. ...

  • Tom Kelleher*
  • Gerry McGuire*
  • Michael O'Donovan*
  • Peter Coyle*
  • Peggy Hamill*
  • Ciaran Byrne*

Fine Gael: 5 Fine Gael – The United Ireland Party, usually referred to as Fine Gael (IPA: , though often anglicised to ; approximate English translation: Family/Tribe of the Irish, is the second largest political party in the Republic of Ireland with a membership of over 34,000, and is the largest opposition party in...

  • Anne Devitt*
  • Alan Farrell
  • Joan Maher*
  • Michael Joe Cosgrave*
  • Eithne Loftus**

Fianna Fáil: 4 Fianna Fáil – The Republican Party (Irish: ), commonly referred to as Fianna Fáil (IPA ; traditionally translated by the party into English as Soldiers of Destiny, though the actual meaning is Soldiers [Fianna] of Ireland[1]), is currently the largest political party in Ireland with 55,000 members. ...

  • Eoghan O'Brien**
  • Margaret Richardson*
  • Darragh Butler**
  • Brenda Clifford

Greens: 3 The Green Party (Irish: ; lit. ...

Socialist Party: 2 David Healy canvassing in the Sutton area. ... The Socialist Party (in Irish Páirtí Sóisialach) is a political party active in Ireland. ...

P.D.: 1 Clare Daly is an Irish socialist politician and trade union activist. ... Ruth Coppinger is an Irish socialist politician and activist. ... The Progressive Democrats (Irish An Páirtí Daonlathach, lit. ...

  • Mags Murray

Sinn Féin: 1 For pre-Arthur Griffith use of the political name, see Sinn Féin (19th century). ...

  • Felix Gallagher

Independent: 2

  • David O’Connor*
  • May McKeon

(* denotes councillors who were re-elected; ** denotes councillors co-opted in 2007)


Current Méara (Mayor): Alan Farrell


Bibliography References

  • Fingal and its Churches - A Historical Sketch, by Robert Walsh, M. A., Dublin and London, 1888.
  • Rotuli Chartarum in Turri Londinensi Asservati, edited by Thomas Duffus Hardy, published in 1837. (Available in the Tower of London and in the Guildhall Library, London; it contains original text of the Grant of Fingal by King John in 1208).
  • The Calendar of the Gormanston Register, Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland, edited by James Mills and M.J. McEnery, University Press, Dublin, 1916. The Gormanston Register is a collection of ancient manuscripts going back to the 12th century, belonging to the Viscounts Gormanston, and now lodged in the National Library of Ireland, in Dublin.
  • History of Killeen Castle, by Mary Rose Carty, published by Carty/Lynch, Dunsany, County Meath, Ireland, April 1991 (ISBN 0-9517382-0-8). This includes a history of the Earls of Fingall - page 18 refers to Lucas Plunkett, the 1st Earl of Fingall, whose first wife was Elizabeth O'Donnell of Tyrconnell, 1st Countess of Fingall.
  • Blood Royal - From the time of Alexander the Great to Queen Elizabeth II, by Charles Mosley (genealogist), published for Ruvigny Ltd, London, 2002 (O'Donnell listed as Baron of Fyngal, page v) ISBN 0-9524229-9-9
  • History of the County of Dublin, by Francis Elrington Ball, Dublin, 1902.
  • History of the County of Dublin, by John D'Alton, Esq., M.R.I.A. Hodges and Smith, Dublin, 1838.
  • Dublin City and County: From Prehistory to Present, edited by F.H.A. Allen and Kevin Whelan, Geography Publications, Dublin, 1992 [ISBN 0-906602-19-X].
  • Seventy Years Young, Memoires of Elizabeth, Countess of Fingall, by Elizabeth Burke Plunkett, Lady Fingall. First published by Collins of London in 1937; 1991 edition published by The Lilliput Press, Dublin 7, Ireland [ISBN 0 946640 74 2]. This Elizabeth, was a Burke from Moycullen in County Galway, who married the 11th Earl of Fingall, and should not be confused with Elizabeth O'Donnell, 1st Countess of Fingall.

The titles of Baron Killeen and Earl of Fingall were titles in the Peerage of Ireland. ... The House of ODonnell of Tyrconnell is the dynastic Royal House of the former Kings and Princes of Tyrconnell in Ireland. ... Charles Mosley was Editor-in-Chief of Burkes Peerage & Baronetage (106th edition) and of the re-titled 107th edition, Burkes Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage [1]. He was born London, England. ... Elizabeth ODonnell (1604-c. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Fingal - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (892 words)
The county of Fingal was established on 1 January 1994 with the division of County Dublin into three new administrative counties.
Fingal County Council, the administrative authority, inherited the former Dublin County Council premises on O'Connell Street, as no suitable building was available within the county at the time.
Fingal is Ireland’s primary horticultural region, producing 50% of the national vegetable output and 75% of all glasshouse crops grown in the country.
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