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Encyclopedia > Finch
True finches
Fringilla coelebs (chaffinch), male
Fringilla coelebs (chaffinch), male
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Fringillidae
Vigors, 1825
Genera

Many, see text Finch can refer to several things: Finches, many small passerine bird species that make up the Fringillidae family (the true finches), as well as some sparrows and other similar birds Finch (Dutch band), progressive rock group popular in the 1970s Finch (U.S. band), pop-punk/post-hardcore group popular... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 424 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1416 × 2000 pixel, file size: 1. ... Binomial name Fringilla coelebs Linnaeus, 1758 The Chaffinch, (Fringilla coelebs), is a small passerine bird in the finch family Fringillidae. ... For other uses, see Scientific classification (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Animal (disambiguation). ... Typical Classes See below Chordates (phylum Chordata) are a group of animals that includes the vertebrates, together with several closely related invertebrates. ... For other uses, see Bird (disambiguation). ... Families Many, see text A passerine is a bird of the giant order Passeriformes. ... Nicholas Aylward Vigors (1785 – October 26, 1840) was an Irish zoologist and politician. ... Year 1825 (MDCCCXXV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...

Finches are passerine birds, often seed-eating, found chiefly in the northern hemisphere and Africa. One subfamily is endemic to the Neotropics. The family scientific name Fringillidae comes from the Latin word "fringilla", meaning chaffinch, a member of this family that is common in Europe. The taxonomic structure of the true finch family, Fringillidae, is somewhat disputed, with some including the Hawaiian honeycreepers as another subfamily (Drepanidinae) and/or uniting the cardueline and fringilline finches as tribes (Carduelini and Fringillini) in one subfamily; the euphonious finches were thought to be tanagers due to general similarity in appearance and mode of life until their real affinities were realized[citation needed]; the buntings and American sparrows were formerly considered another subfamily (Emberizinae). Przewalski's "Rosefinch" (Urocynchramus pylzowi) is now classified as a distinct, monotypic family with no particularly close relatives (Groth 2000). Families Many, see text A passerine is a bird of the giant order Passeriformes. ... For other uses, see Bird (disambiguation). ... A ripe red jalapeño cut open to show the seeds For other uses, see Seed (disambiguation). ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... A biogeographic region, that extends from Mexico southwards to Tierra del Fuego, and also includes the Caribbean islands. ... For other uses, see Latins and Latin (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Fringilla coelebs Linnaeus, 1758 The Chaffinch, (Fringilla coelebs), is a small passerine bird in the finch family Fringillidae. ... Genera Telespiza Psittirostra Dysmorodrepanis Loxioides Rhodacanthis Chloridops Pseudonestor Hemignathus Oreomystis Paroreomyza Loxops Ciridops Vestiaria Drepanis Palmeria Himatione Melamprosops Hawaiian honeycreepers are small passerine birds endemic to Hawaii. ... In biology, a tribe is a taxonomic classification in between family and genus. ... Genera Melophus Latoucheornis Emberiza Plectrophenax Buntings are a group of mainly European passerine birds of the family Emberizidae. ... Genera Arremon Arremonops Melozone Pipilo Aimophila Oriturus Torreornis Spizella Pooecetes Chondestes Amphispiza Calamospiza Passerculus Ammodramus Passerella Xenospiza Melospiza Zonotrichia Junco American sparrows are a group of mainly New World passerine birds forming part of the family Emberizidae. ... Binomial name Przewalski, 1876 The Przewalskis Finch, Urocynchramus pylzowi, is an unusual passerine bird from the mountains of central-west China. ... Monotypic is an adjective, that refers to a taxonomic group with only one type: in botany it means that a taxon has only one species; Ginkgo is a monotypic genus, while Ginkgoaceae is a monotypic family. ...


"Classic" or true finches are small to moderately large and have strong, stubby beaks, which in some species can be quite large. All have 12 tail feathers and 9 primaries. They have a bouncing flight, alternating bouts of flapping with gliding on closed wings, and most sing well. Their nests are basket-shaped and built in trees. The true finches range in size from the Andean Siskin (Carduelis spinescens), at 9.5 cm (3.8 inches) and 8.4 g., to the Collared Grosbeak (Mycerobas affinis), at nearly 23 cm (9 inches) and 79 g. (2.8 oz). The beak, bill or rostrum is an external anatomical structure of birds which, in addition to eating, is used for grooming, manipulating objects, killing prey, probing for food, courtship, and feeding their young. ...


There are many birds in other families which are often called finches. These include many species in the very similar-looking Estrildids or waxbill family, which occur in the Old World tropics and Australia. Several groups of the Emberizidae family (buntings and American sparrows) are also named as finches, as are Darwin's finches of the Galapagos islands, which provided evidence of natural selection. Genera Many:see text The estrildid finches are small passerine birds of the Old World tropics and Australasia. ... The Emberizidae are a large family of passerine birds. ... Genera Geospiza Camarhynchus Certhidea Pinaroloxias demon hickes and darwin were on a boat for seven years smoking crack and drinking rum!!!! The birds are all about the same size (10–20 cm). ... NASA Satellite photo of the Galápagos archipelago. ...

Contents

Systematics

The systematics of the cardueline finches are contentious. The layout presented here follows the molecular studies of Marten & Johnson (1986) and Arnaiz-Villena et al. (1998, 2001, 2007, 2008), and takes into account the traditional splitting of the genus Carduelis. The exact position of several genera in the cardueline sequence is tentative.


Family Fringillidae

  • Subfamily Fringillinae - Fringilline finches; contains only four species, which feed their young on insects rather than seeds.
  • Subfamily Carduelinae - Cardueline finches; a much larger group that contains several genera which feed their young on seeds. Studies of mitochondrial DNA suggest this subfamily consists of several well-defined clades.
  • Subfamily Drepanidinae - Hawaiian honeycreepers. Usually treated as a separate family but biochemical studies (Arnaiz-Villena et al, 2007) place them as a well-defined clade deep within the Carduelines.

Species Three; see text The genus Fringilla is a small group of finches, which are the only species in the subfamily Fringillinae The three species, which feed their young on insects rather than seeds, are: Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs Blue Chaffinch Fringilla teydea Brambling Fringilla montifringilla The other much larger subfamily... Binomial name Fringilla coelebs Linnaeus, 1758 The Chaffinch, (Fringilla coelebs), is a small passerine bird in the finch family Fringillidae. ... Binomial name Fringilla teydea Webb, Berthelot & Moquin-Tandon, 1841 The Blue Chaffinch, (Fringilla teydea), is a small passerine bird in the finch family Fringillidae. ... Binomial name Fringilla montifringilla (Linnaeus, 1758) The Brambling, Fringilla montifringilla, is a small passerine bird in the finch family Fringillidae. ... Species See text Eophona is a genus of finches containing two species: Yellow-billed Grosbeak Eophona migratoria Japanese Grosbeak Eophona personata Categories: Bird stubs ... Species See text Coccothraustes is a genus of finches containing three species: Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes Evening Grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus Hooded Grosbeak Coccothraustes abeillei Category: ‪Bird stubs‬ ... Binomial name Coccothraustes coccothraustes (Linnaeus, 1758) The Hawfinch, Coccothraustes coccothraustes, is a passerine bird in the finch family Fringillidae. ... Binomial name Coccothraustes vespertinus (W. Cooper, 1825) The Evening Grosbeak, Coccothraustes vespertinus, is a large finch. ... Mycerobas is a genus of finch in the Fringillidae family. ... Binomial name Carpodacus mexicanus (Müller, 1776) The House Finch (Carpodacus mexicanus) is a medium-sized finch. ... Binomial name Carpodacus cassinii Baird,, 1854 The Cassins Finch, Carpodacus cassinii, is a medium-sized finch. ... Binomial name Carpodacus purpureus (Gmelin, 1789) The Purple Finch, Carpodacus purpureus, is a small finch that looks a lot like Garron. ... Binomial name Pinicola enucleator (Linnaeus, 1758) The Pine Grosbeak, Pinicola enucleator, is a large finch. ... Binomial name Pinicola enucleator (Linnaeus,, 1758) The Pine Grosbeak, Pinicola enucleator, is a large finch. ... Species See text. ... Bullfinch is a name given to two groups of passerine birds. ... The Mountain finches are birds in the Finch family Fringillidae from the genus Leucosticte. ... The Mountain finches are birds in the Finch family Fringillidae from the genus Leucosticte. ... Binomial name Hodgson, 1836 Female at 10,500 ft. ... Species See text Rhodopechys is a genus of finches containing four species: Crimson-winged Finch Rhodopechys sanguinea Trumpeter Finch Rhodopechys githaginea Mongolian Finch Rhodopechys mongolica Desert Finch Rhodopechys obsoleta Category: ... Binomial name (Lichtenstein, 1823) The Trumpeter Finch, Rhodopechys githaginea, is a small passerine bird in the finch family Fringillidae. ... The rosefinches are birds in the finch family Fringillidae. ... Genera see article text The rosefinches are birds in the finch family Fringillidae. ... Binomial name (Hodgson, 1836) The Scarlet Finch (Haematospiza sipahi) is a species of finch in the Fringillidae family. ... Binomial name (Hodgson, 1836) The Scarlet Finch (Haematospiza sipahi) is a species of finch in the Fringillidae family. ... Genera see article text The rosefinches are birds in the finch family Fringillidae. ... Species Many, see text The genus Carduelis is a large group of birds in the finch family Fringillidae. ... Species See text. ... Species See text. ... Binomial name Serinus canaria (Linnaeus, 1758) The Canary (Serinus canaria) sometimes called the Island Canary, Wild Canary or Atlantic Canary, is a small bird in the finch family. ... A seedeater is a term used for a finch that eats a diet of seeds. ... If you are looking for the nerve agent, see sarin Species See text. ... A number of small birds in the finch family Fringillidae are named as siskins. ... Binomial name Linurgus olivaceus (Fraser, 1843) The Oriole Finch (Linurgus olivaceus) is a bird from the Fringillidae family. ... Binomial name Linurgus olivaceus (Fraser, 1843) The Oriole Finch (Linurgus olivaceus) is a bird from the Fringillidae family. ... Binomial name Sclater & Hartlaub, 1881 The Golden-winged Grosbeak is an attractive, chunky, medium-sized, robust-billed finch endemic to the southern Arabian and Somalian regions, specifically Socotra Island, northern Somalia, Dhofar in Oman, and the mountains of north Yemen to Saudi Arabia as far north as Al Hara near... Binomial name Sclater & Hartlaub, 1881 The Golden-winged Grosbeak is an attractive, chunky, medium-sized, robust-billed finch endemic to the southern Arabian and Somalian regions, specifically Socotra Island, northern Somalia, Dhofar in Oman, and the mountains of north Yemen to Saudi Arabia as far north as Al Hara near... Species Many, see text The genus Carduelis is a large group of birds in the finch family Fringillidae. ... Binomial name Carduelis carduelis (Linnaeus, 1758) Carduelis carduelis carduelis 1 summer 2 all year Carduelis carduelis caniceps 3 summer 4 all year The Goldfinch or European Goldfinch (Carduelis carduelis) is a small passerine bird in the finch family. ... Binomial name Carduelis citrinella (Pallas, 1764) Synonyms Serinus citrinella The Citril Finch (Carduelis citrinella) is a small songbird and member of the finch family. ... Binomial name Carduelis corsicanus (Koenig, 1899) Synonyms Serinus corsicanus Serinus citrinella corsicanus Serinus corsicana (lapsus; see Barbagli & Violani, 1997) Serinus citrinella corsicana (lapsus; see Barbagli & Violani, 1997) Carduelis citrinella corsicana The Corsican Finch Carduelis corsicanus is a bird in the finch family, Fringillidae. ... A number of small birds in the finch family Fringillidae are named as siskins. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) Range/distribution map of the American Goldfinch. ... Binomial name Carduelis cannabina (Linnaeus, 1758) The Linnet, Carduelis cannabina, is a small passerine bird in the finch family Fringillidae. ... Binomial name Carduelis flavirostris (Linnaeus, 1758) The Twite, Carduelis flavirostris, is a small passerine bird in the finch family Fringillidae. ... Binomial name Carduelis chloris Linnaeus, 1758 The European Greenfinch, or just Greenfinch, Carduelis chloris, is a small passerine bird in the finch family Fringillidae. ... Binomial name Rhodopechys obsoleta (Lichtenstein, 1823) The Desert Finch (Rhodopechys obsoleta), sometimes called Lichtensteins Desert Finch, is a large brown finch found in southern Eurasia. ... Species Carduelis flammea Carduelis cabaret Carduelis hornemanni The Redpolls are a group of small passerine birds in the finch family Fringillidae which have characteristic red markings on their heads. ... Species Carduelis flammea Carduelis cabaret Carduelis hornemanni The Redpolls are a group of small passerine birds in the finch family Fringillidae which have characteristic red markings on their heads. ... Species Loxia pytyopsittacus Loxia scotia Loxia curvirostra Loxia leucoptera Loxia megaplaga The crossbills are birds in the finch family Fringillidae. ... Species Loxia pytyopsittacus Loxia scotia Loxia curvirostra Loxia leucoptera Loxia megaplaga The crossbills are birds in the finch family Fringillidae. ... Pyrrhoplectes is a genus of finch in the Fringillidae family. ... Binomial name Hodgson, 1836 The Gold-Naped Finch (Pyrrhoplectes epauletta) is a species of finch in the Fringillidae family. ... Binomial name Chaunoproctus ferreorostris (Vigors, 1829) Synonyms Coccothraustes ferreorostris Vigors, 1829 Fringilla papa Kittlitz, 1830 Papa ferreirostris Bonaparte Mycerobas papa Cabanis Chaunoproctus papa Bonaparte, 1850 Chaunoproctus ferreirostris (lapsus) The Bonin Grosbeak or Bonin Islands Grosbeak (Chaunoproctus ferreorostris) is an extinct finch, the only species of the genus Chaunoproctus. ... Binomial name Chaunoproctus ferreorostris (Vigors, 1829) Synonyms Coccothraustes ferreorostris Vigors, 1829 Fringilla papa Kittlitz, 1830 Papa ferreirostris Bonaparte Mycerobas papa Cabanis Chaunoproctus papa Bonaparte, 1850 Chaunoproctus ferreirostris (lapsus) The Bonin Grosbeak or Bonin Islands Grosbeak (Chaunoproctus ferreorostris) is an extinct finch, the only species of the genus Chaunoproctus. ... In biology and ecology, extinction is the ceasing of existence of a species or group of species. ... Binomial name (Gould, 1838) The Spectacled Finch (Callacanthis burtoni) is a species of finch in the Fringillidae family. ... Binomial name (Gould, 1838) The Spectacled Finch (Callacanthis burtoni) is a species of finch in the Fringillidae family. ... Binomial name Pinicola enucleator (Barboza du Bocage, 1888) The São Tomé Grosbeak, Neospiza concolor, is a large, chunky finch with a massive bill. ... Binomial name Pinicola enucleator (Barboza du Bocage, 1888) The São Tomé Grosbeak, Neospiza concolor, is a large, chunky finch with a massive bill. ... Genera Telespiza Psittirostra (extinct?) Dysmorodrepanis (extinct) Loxioides Rhodacanthis (extinct) Chloridops (extinct) Orthiospiza (extinct) Xestospiza (extinct) Pseudonestor Hemignathus Magumma (disputed) Akialoa (disputed; extinct) Heterorhynchus (disputed) Oreomystis Paroreomyza Vangulifer (extinct) Aidemedia (extinct) Loxops Ciridops (extinct) Vestiaria Drepanis (extinct) Palmeria Himatione Melamprosops (extinct?) Hawaiian honeycreepers are small passerine birds endemic to Hawaii. ... Genera Two, see text Euphoniinae is a subfamily of finches endemic to the Neotropics. ... Genera many: see text The tanagers are a large group of small to medium-sized passerine birds restricted to the New World, mainly in the tropics. ... Euphonia is a genus of the tanager family of New World passerine birds. ... Euphonia is a genus of the tanager family of New World passerine birds. ... Chlorophonias are members of the genus Chlorophonia, a group of finches endemic to the Neotropics. ... Chlorophonias are members of the genus Chlorophonia, a group of finches endemic to the Neotropics. ...

References

  • Arnaiz-Villena, A.; Álvarez-Tejado, M.; Ruiz-del-Valle, V.; García-de-la-Torre, C.; Varela, P.; Recio, M. J.; Ferre. S. & Martínez-Laso, J. (1998): Phylogeny and rapid Northern and Southern Hemisphere speciation of goldfinches during the Miocene and Pliocene Epochs. Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences 54(9): 1031–1041. doi:10.1007/s000180050230 PDF fulltext. Erratum, Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences 55(1): 148. doi:10.1007/s000180050280 PDF fulltext
  • Arnaiz-Villena, A.; Guillén, J.; Ruiz-del-Valle, V.; Lowy, E.; Zamora, J.; Varela, P.; Stefani, D. & Allende, L. M. (2001): Phylogeography of crossbills, bullfinches, grosbeaks, and rosefinches. Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences 58: 1159–1166. PDF fulltext
  • Arnaiz-Villena, A., Moscoso, J., Ruiz-del-Valle, V., Gonzalez, J., Reguera, R., Wink, M., I. Serrano-Vela, J. 2007. Bayesian phylogeny of Fringillinae birds: status of the singular African oriole finch Linurgus olivaceus and evolution and heterogeneity of the genus Carpodacus. Acta Zoologica Sinica, 53 (5):826 - 834. PDF fulltext
  • Clement, Peter; Harris, Alan & Davis, John (1993): Finches and Sparrows: an identification guide. Christopher Helm, London. ISBN 0-7136-8017-2
  • Groth, J. G. 1994. A mitochondrial cytochrome b phylogeny of cardueline finches. Journal für Ornithologie, 135: 31.
  • Groth, J. G. 1998. Molecular phylogeny of the cardueline finches and Hawaiian honeycreepers. Ostrich, 69: 401.
  • Groth, J (2000) "Molecular evidence for the systematic position of Urocynchramus pylzowi." Auk 117(3): 787-792.
  • Klicka, J., K.P. Johnson, and S.M. Lanyon. 2000. New World nine-primaried oscine relationships: Constructing a mitochondrial DNA framework. Auk 117:321-336.
  • Marten, Jill A. & Johnson, Ned K. (1986): Genetic relationships of North American cardueline finches. Condor 88(4): 409-420. PDF fulltext
  • Newton, Ian. (1973). "Finches". New Naturalist series. Taplinger Publishing (ISBN 0-8008-2720-1)
  • Ryan, P.G., Wright, D., Oatley, G., Wakeling, J., Cohen, C., Nowell, T.L., Bowie, R.C.K., Ward, V. & Crowe, T.M. 2004. Systematics of Serinus canaries and the status of Cape and Yellow-crowned Canaries inferred from mtDNA and morphology. Ostrich 75:288-294.
  • Yuri, T., and D. P. Mindell. 2002. Molecular phylogenetic analysis of Fringillidae, "New World nine-primaried oscines" (Aves: Passeriformes). Mol. Phylogen. Evol. 23:229-243.

A digital object identifier (or DOI) is a standard for persistently identifying a piece of intellectual property on a digital network and associating it with related data, the metadata, in a structured extensible way. ... A digital object identifier (or DOI) is a standard for persistently identifying a piece of intellectual property on a digital network and associating it with related data, the metadata, in a structured extensible way. ... A digital object identifier (or DOI) is a standard for persistently identifying a piece of intellectual property on a digital network and associating it with related data, the metadata, in a structured extensible way. ... The Helm Identification Guides are a series of books dealing with the identification of groups of birds. ... The Condor is the quarterly journal of the Cooper Ornithological Society. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
  • Finch videos on the Internet Bird Collection

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Finch - definition of Finch in Encyclopedia (226 words)
Finches are seed-eating passerine birds, the many species of which are found chiefly in the northern hemisphere, but also to a limited extent in Africa and South America.
There are many other birds in other groups which are called finches, notably the very similar-looking Estrildids or waxbills, which occur in the Old World tropics and Australia.
Some of the closely related sparrows are also named as "finches", as are some buntings.
Estrildid finch - Hutchinson encyclopedia article about Estrildid finch (132 words)
Any of a group of small, mainly African, seed-eating birds in the family Estrildidae, order Passeriformes, which also includes the grass finches of Australia.
Waxbills grow to 15 cm/6 in long, are brown and grey with yellow, red, or brown markings, and have waxy-looking red or pink beaks.
This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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