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Encyclopedia > Filmi
Music of India: Topics
Bhajan Bhangra
Filmi Bhavageete
Lavani Ghazal
Baul sangeet Sufi music (Qawwali)
Timeline and Samples
Genres Classical (Carnatic and Hindustani) - Folk - Rock - Pop - Hip hop
Awards Bollywood Music Awards - Punjabi Music Awards
Charts
Festivals Sangeet Natak AkademiThyagaraja AradhanaCleveland Thyagaraja Aradhana
Media Sruti, The Music Magazine
National anthem "Jana Gana Mana", also national song "Vande Mataram"
Music of the states
Andaman and Nicobar Islands - Andhra PradeshArunachal PradeshAssamBiharChhattisgarhGoaGujaratHaryanaHimachal PradeshJammuJharkhandKarnatakaKashmirKeralaMadhya PradeshMaharashtraManipurMeghalayaMizoramNagalandOrissaPunjabRajasthanSikkimTamil NaduTripuraUttar PradeshUttaranchalWest Bengal

Filmi (Hindi: फ़िल्मी, Urdu: فلمی) is Indian popular music as written and performed for Indian cinema. There is constant work for pop music composers — or music directors, to use the Indian term. Movie soundtracks are released as tapes and CDs, before the movie is released and account for the bulk of popular music sales in India. Timeline and Samples Genres Classical (Carnatic and Hindustani) - Rock - Pop - Hip hop Awards Bollywood Music Awards - Punjabi Music Awards Charts Festivals Sangeet Natak Akademi – Thyagaraja Aradhana – Cleveland Thyagaraja Aradhana Media Sruti, The Music Magazine National anthem Jana Gana Mana, also national song Vande Mataram Music of the states Andaman and... A bhajan or kirtan is a Hindu devotional song, often of ancient origin. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Bhavageete (literally emotion poetry) is a form of expressionist poetry and light music in India. ... Lavani is a form of music popular in Maharashtra and southern Madhya Pradesh, India. ... Information in this article or section has not been verified against sources and may not be reliable. ... Bauls (Bangla: বাউল) are a group of mystic minstrels from the Bengal region, now divided into Bangladesh and West Bengal. ... Qawwali (Urdu: قوٌالی, Hindi: क़वाली) is the devotional music of the Chishti Sufis of the Indian Subcontinent. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... The origins of Indian classical music can be found from the oldest of scriptures, part of the Hindu tradition, the Vedas. ... Carnatic music, also known as is one of the two styles of Indian classical music, the other being Hindustani music. ... Hindustani Classical Music is an Indian classical music tradition that took shape in northern India in the 13th and 14th centuries AD from existing religious, folk, and theatrical performance practices. ... Indian folk music is diverse because of Indias vast cultural diversity. ... Timeline and Samples Genres . ... Timeline and Samples Genres Classical (Carnatic and Hindustani) - Rock - Pop - Hip hop Awards Bollywood Music Awards - Punjabi Music Awards Charts Festivals Sangeet Natak Akademi – Thyagaraja Aradhana – Cleveland Thyagaraja Aradhana Media Sruti, The Music Magazine National anthem Jana Gana Mana, also national song Vande Mataram Music of the states Andaman and... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Asian hip hop. ... A music festival is a festival oriented towards music that is sometimes presented with a theme such as musical genre, nationality or locality of musicians, or holiday. ... The Sangeet Natak Akademi International Festival takes place in India. ... Saint Tyagaraja The Tyagaraja Aradhana festival is held in January when most of the leading exponents of Carnatic music come to perform and are watched by thousands of ardent fans of classical music. ... Cleveland Thyagaraja Aradhana is a music festival of Indian classical music. ... Sruti is a magazine on Indian music published from Chennai, India. ... The Music Magazine was started by Scott Goodacre in December 2006 and has featured a wide range of indie/rock bands since its formation. ... A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that is evoking and eulogising the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognised either by a countrys government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people. ... Jana Gana Mana (Thou Art the Ruler of the Minds of All People) is the national anthem of India. ... Typical depiction of Bharat Mata by Abanindranath Tagore Vande Mataram (Sanskrit: वन्दे मातरम् Vande Mātaram, Bengali: বন্দে মাতরম Bônde Matorom) is the national song of India, distinct from the national anthem of India Jana Gana Mana. The song was composed by Bankimchandra Chattopadhyay in a mixture of Bengali and Sanskrit. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Andhra Pradesh is a state of India, known for classical dance of various kinds. ... Arunachal Pradesh is a state of India. ... Timeline and Samples Genres Classical (Carnatic and Hindustani) - Rock - Pop - Hip hop Awards Bollywood Music Awards - Punjabi Music Awards Charts Festivals Sangeet Natak Akademi – Thyagaraja Aradhana – Cleveland Thyagaraja Aradhana Media Sruti, The Music Magazine National anthem Jana Gana Mana, also national song Vande Mataram Music of the states Andaman and... Bihar is a state of India. ... Chhattisgarh is a state of India with strong tribal traditions of music and dance. ... Timeline and Samples Genres Classical (Carnatic and Hindustani) - Rock - Pop - Hip hop Awards Bollywood Music Awards - Punjabi Music Awards Charts Festivals Purandaradasara Aradhana – Kanakadasara Aradhana – Hampi Sangeetotsava – Sangeet Natak Akademi – Thyagaraja Aradhana – Cleveland Thyagaraja Aradhana Media Sruti, The Music Magazine National anthem Jana Gana Mana, also national song Vande Mataram... Gujarat is a part of India, known for lively traditions of both folk and classical music. ... The Indian state of Haryana has produced a number of kinds of folk music, and has also produced many important innovations in Indian classical music. ... Himachal Pradesh is a state of India, located in the northwest corner of the country. ... The historic region of Kashmir, an area disputed by India and Pakistan, encompasses the modern regions of Kashmir, Ladakh and Jammu. ... Jharkhands music tradition consists of various tribal forms and is known for its diversity. ... Karnataka is a state of India with a long tradition of innovation in the fields of both Carnatic and Hindustani classical music. ... The historic region of Kashmir, an area disputed by India and Pakistan, encompasses the modern regions of Kashmir, Ladakh and Jammu. ... Kerala is a region of India, musically known for Sopanam. ... Madhya Pradesh is a state of India. ... Timeline and Samples Genres Classical (Carnatic and Hindustani) - Rock - Pop - Hip hop Awards Bollywood Music Awards - Punjabi Music Awards Charts Festivals Sangeet Natak Akademi – Thyagaraja Aradhana – Cleveland Thyagaraja Aradhana Media Sruti, The Music Magazine National anthem Jana Gana Mana, also national song Vande Mataram Music of the states Andaman and... Manipur is a region of India. ... Meghalaya is a state of India with a rich folk tradition. ... Mizoram is a region in India. ... Nagaland is a region of India. ... Orissa ia a state of India, one of the musical centers of the subcontinent. ... Timeline and Samples Genres Classical (Carnatic and Hindustani) - Rock - Pop - Hip hop Awards Bollywood Music Awards - Punjabi Music Awards Charts Festivals Sangeet Natak Akademi – Thyagaraja Aradhana – Cleveland Thyagaraja Aradhana Media Sruti, The Music Magazine National anthem Jana Gana Mana, also national song Vande Mataram Music of the states Andaman and... Rajasthan is a region of India, home to several important centers of Indian musical development, including Udaipur, Jodhpur and Jaipur. ... Sikkim is a state of India. ... Tamil Nadu is a state in southern India. ... Tripura is a state of India that has produced a wide variety of folk music. ... Uttar Pradesh is a state of India. ... Uttaranchal is a state of India There are many kinds of folk songs from the area, including styles like the ceremonial mandals, the martial panwaras, the melancholy khuded and thadya and jhoda. ... Timeline and Samples Genres Classical (Carnatic and Hindustani) - Rock - Pop - Hip hop Awards Bollywood Music Awards - Punjabi Music Awards Charts Festivals Sangeet Natak Akademi – Thyagaraja Aradhana – Cleveland Thyagaraja Aradhana Media Sruti, The Music Magazine National anthem Jana Gana Mana, also national song Vande Mataram Music of the states Andaman and... Hindi ( , Devanagari: or , IAST: , IPA: ), an Indo-European language spoken mainly in northern and central India, is one of the two official languages of India, the other being English. ... Urdu ( , , trans. ... Popular music is music belonging to any of a number of musical styles that are accessible to the general public and are disseminated by one or more of the mass media. ... The Indian film industry is the largest in the world in terms of the ticket sales and the number of films produced annually (877 feature films and 1177 short films were released in the year 2003 alone). ...


This may be partly due to widespread music piracy in India. Songs released only on CD may be popular, but they will not necessarily make any money for the artists, thanks to illegal copying. A composer makes more money as a music director, due to up-front payments by film-makers, and also gets free publicity. This is also true of singers and musicians. Filmi thus attracts some of the most talented Indian artistes.


Why musicals? Some say that the long tradition of Indian temple spectacles, sacred dramas danced and sung, still shapes Indian tastes. Others point to the linguistic diversity of India. Many languages are spoken and there are a number of regional cinemas. Only films that transcend language barriers have any hope of being all-India hits. Music, not being tied to any one language, expresses the feelings of the characters even to people who can't follow the dialogue.


Indian cinema does not require that its performers act, dance, and sing — they must merely act and dance. They only pretend to sing, lip-synching songs sung by professional playback singers. Playback singers need not be beautiful or photogenic; they need only be supremely good singers. They tend to sing for many films, have long careers and be adored by their fans.


(One might usefully contrast the forthrightness of Indian practice with Hollywood's assumption that musical stars should be actors, dancers, and singers. When Hollywood does use playback singers, the practice is buried in the end-of-film credits and ignored as much as possible by the publicists. Perhaps one reason that Hollywood does not produce as many musicals as India is that it is harder to find performers with the multiple talents required.)


Filmi is often said to have begun in 1931, with the release of Ardeshir M. Irani's Alam Ara and its popular soundtrack. In the earliest years of the Indian cinema, filmi was generally Indian (classical and folk) in inspiration, with some Western elements. Over the years, the Western elements have increased significantly. Year 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1931 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Alam Ara, (English Translation: The Light of the World) a 1931 film directed by Ardeshir Irani, was the first Indian film with sound. ...


How much of current filmi is "Western" or "Indian" in style is a matter of dispute, as is the desirability of the increasing internationalization of a formerly regional style. Some fans prefer the classic music of the past; others see it as old-fashioned and whole-heartedly embrace novelty.

Contents

Music directors

R. C. Boral, Pankaj Mullick, Anil Biswas and Naushad were noteworthy music directors of the 1940s, writing scores redolent of the elegance of Northern India's Moghul and Rajput courts. The 1950s and 1960s, considered the 'golden age' of the Hindi film music, was fortunate to have music composers like Shankar Jaikishan, Naushad, S. D. Burman, O. P. Nayyar, Madan Mohan, C. Ramchandra, Roshan , Vasant Desai, Kalyanji Anandji and Khaiyyam. As Indian cinema segued into the go-go years of the 1960s and 1970s, pop artists like R.D. Burman and duos like Nadeem-Shravan and Jatin-Lalit gave filmi a stronger western flavor. The legendary Ilaiyaraaja and Raveendran became phenomenally successful during the 1980s and 1990s especially in southern India. In the 1990s and 2000s, the dominant force in filmi has been the phenomenally successful A. R. Rahman, who vaulted from fame in the Tamil film industry to success in Bollywood and finally to hit musicals in London and New York. Naushad Ali (December 25, 1919 - May 5, 2006) was an Indiaan musician. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Mughal Empire (alternative spelling Mogul, which is the origin of the word Mogul) of India was founded by Babur in 1526, when he defeated Ibrahim Lodi, the last of the Delhi Sultans at the First Battle of Panipat. ... Rajput is a Hindu Kshatriya caste. ... Naushad Ali (December 25, 1919 - May 5, 2006) was an Indiaan musician. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... This article needs cleanup. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Jatin and Lalit are musicians who compose music primarily for the soundtracks of Bollywood movies. ...   (Tamil: இளையராஜா, IPA: [ɪlÉ™jəɹɑːdʒɑː]) (born June 2, 1943 as Gnanadesikan) is an Indian film composer, singer, and lyricist. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The 1980s refers to the years from 1980 to 1989. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ... The 2000s are the current decade, spanning from 2000 to 2009. ... Allah Rakha Rahman (Tamil: ஏ.ஆர்.ரஹ்மான்) (born on January 6, 1966 as A. S. Dileep Kumar in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India) is an award-winning film composer, record producer and musician. ... Languages Tamil Religions Hinduism, Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, Jainism Related ethnic groups Dravidian people Brahui people Kannadigas Malayalis Tamils Telugus Tuluvas Gonds The Tamil people are a multi-ethnic group from the Indian subcontinent with a recorded history going back more than two millennia. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ...


See: Indian film music directors Most Indian films are musicals, and their music directors are among the best known musicians in India. ...


Playback singer

A playback singer is a singer whose song is pre-recorded for use in films. The singer records the song on a soundtrack and the actors or actresses lip sync the song for the cameras. This is a form of singing that is most highly developed in the Indian sub-continent.Popular playback singers in India enjoy the same star status as actors. The songs of a film and the quality of the music — its music director (composer), lyricist and singer have often determined the success of a film. Often film albums are released before the films are released and therefore there is sometimes a mismatch between the songs on film and the songs on its CD or LP or tape.


Asha Bhosle, Geeta Dutt, Alka Yagnik, Lata Mangeshkar, Kavita Krishnamurthy,Shreya Ghoshal, Sunidhi Chauhan. Mohammed Rafi, Hemant Kumar, Talat Mehmood, Mukesh, Kishore Kumar, Manna Dey, Dr. K. J. Yesudas, and S. P. Balasubrahmanyam . Younger singers include Nihira Joshi, Udit Narayan, Kumar Sanu, Abhijeet, M. G. Sreekumar, Sonu Nigam,Frede and Hariharan are some playback singers. Asha Bhosle[1] (Marathi: ) (born September 8, 1933) is an Indian singer. ... Geeta Dutt (November 23, 1930 - July 20, 1972) was an Indian playback singer. ... Alka Yagnik (born March 20, 1957 in Calcutta, West Bengal, India) is an Indian singer. ... Lata Mangeshkar (Marathi/Hindi:लता मंगेशकर) (born September 28, 1929) is an Indian singer. ... Kavita Krishnamurthy is an Indian playback singer born Sharda Krishnamurthy in Delhi. ... Shreya (piu) Ghosal (lastname also spelled Ghoshal) (Bengali: শ্রেয়া ঘোষাল; Tamil: ஷ்ரெயா கொஷால்; Telugu: శ్రెయ గోశాల్ ; Kannada : ಶ್ರೇಯ ಘೊಶಾಲ್ Hindi: श्रेया गोशाल) (born: March 12, 1984) is an Indian playback singer in major Indian film industries such as Bollywood and Kollywood. ... Sunidhi Chauhan is an Indian playback singer, best known for her Bollywood songs. ... Mohammed Rafi (Hindi: मोहम्मद रफ़ी, Urdu: محمد رفیع, December 24, 1924 – July 31, 1980) was an Indian playback singer. ... Mukesh Mukesh Chand Mathur (formal name Zoravar Chand), (July 22, 1923, Delhi, India - August 27, 1976), popularly known as Mukesh, referred to as the man with the golden voice, was one of the finest Indian playback singers along with Mohammed Rafi and Kishore Kumar. ... Kishore Kumar (August 4, 1929 – October 13, 1987) was an Indian film playback singer and comic actor. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Kattassery Joseph Yesudas (or usually referred to as Dr. K. J. Yesudas or in the alternate, Jesudas, Malayalam: കാട്ടശ്ശേരി ജോസഫ് യേശുദാസ് ) (born January 10, 1940) is an eminent Indian classical musician and leading playback singer for film songs in many Indian languages. ... Sripathi Panditaradhyula Balasubrahmanyam, (Telugu:బాల సుబ్రమణ్యం) is a prolific Indian singer. ... Nihira Joshi (निहिरा जोशी) was a Saregamapa (SRGMP) Challenge 2005 participant. ... Udit Narayan Jha, popularly known as Udit Narayan is a well-established playback singer in the Hindi and Tamil language film industries as well as in Nepali cinema. ... Kumar Sanu (alias Kedarnath Bhattacharya (Bengali:কেদারনাথ ভট্টাচার্য) born on September 23, 1957 Kolkata) is a leading playback singer of Bollywood. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... M. G. Sreekumar is Malayalam play back singer. ... Sonu Nigam (born 30 July 1973 in Faridabad, Haryana, India) is a singer whos songs have been featured in numerous Bollywood movies. ... Hariharan could refer to any of these people : Hariharan, Malayalam film director. ...


for more See: Playback singer A playback singer is a singer whose vocals are pre-recorded for use in films. ...


Lyricists

In the 1950s and 60s, lyricists like Shailendra, Hasrat Jaipuri, Sahir Ludhianvi, Raja Mehdi Ali Khan, Frede, Rajinder Krishan, Majrooh Sultanpuri, Bharat Vyas, Shakeel Badayuni, Qamar Jalalabadi, Jan Nissar Akhtar and S.H. Bihari wrote lyrics still fondly remembered today. Lyrics tended towards the literary and drew heavily on contemporary Urdu and Hindi poetry. The pop lyrics of later years are deplored by filmi traditionalists. Shankardas Kesarilal Shailendra (August 30, 1923 Rawalpindi-December 14, 1966 Mumbai) was a popular Indian Hindi lyricist. ... Hasrat Jaipuri (April 15, 1922-?) was an Indian Hindi and Urdu poet and film lyricist. ... Sahir Ludhianvi (March 8, 1921 - October 25, 1980) was a popular Urdu poet and Hindi lyricist and songwriter. ... Shamshul Huda Bihari (S. H. Bihari) was a songwriter and poet whose work was widely recorded and used in Bollywood movies during the latter half of the 20th century. ... Urdu ( , , trans. ... Hindi ( , Devanagari: or , IAST: , IPA: ), an Indo-European language spoken mainly in northern and central India, is one of the two official languages of India, the other being English. ...


See details article Bollywood songs. Bollywood songs (often termed filmi songs) are heard far beyond the borders of India. ...


Instrumentalists

Instruments played as background to the vocals include: A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ...

Unlike music directors and playback singers, instrumentalists do not get film credits and are less likely to use movies as a springboard to popular success. The bansuri (Hindi: ) is a transverse alto flute of India, made of a single length of bamboo with six or seven open finger holes. ... The word daf and similar can mean: The word daff is a colloquial short form of daffodil. ... The Dholak (sometimes dholaki) is a classical North Indian hand drum. ... A Harmonium is a free-standing musical keyboard instrument similar to a Reed Organ or Pipe Organ. ... Small drumhead of a khol The khol also known as a mrdanga is a terracotta two-sided drum used in northern and eastern India for accompaniment with devotional music (bhakti). ... The Manjira is a traditional percussion instrument of India. ... The rebab is a musical string instrument which was heavily used in old Arabic music its considered as part of the Lute familiy (Oud in Arabic). ... The santoor is a trapezoid-shaped hammered dulcimer often made of walnut, with seventy strings. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For the movie refer to Shehnai (film) The shehnai is an aerophonic instrument which is thought to bring good luck, and as a result, is widely used in North India for marriages and [[processions]. This tube-like instrument gradually widens towards the lower end. ... Diagram of some sitar parts. ... A typical set of Tabla. ... The tambura is a musical instrument used in various places around the world. ... The violin is a bowed string instrument with four strings tuned in perfect fifths. ...


Popularity ratings

Binaca Geetmala was a very popular radio show presented by Ameen Sayani giving popularity ratings of Hindi film songs from Bollywood on a weekly basis, listened to by millions of Hindi music lovers (akin to Billboard Hot 100 list of songs). It ran in various incarnations from 1952 to 1993. Annual lists of the most popular songs were played at year end. The list was compiled on the basis sales of records in India.[1] It was the most popular radio program before Satellite television took over in India sometime in 1990s. Currently, Hindi filmi songs are sold on tape & CD compilations, played as promos and in programs on various cable & satellite television channels and radio stations, with different popularity ratings claiming different songs as being on the top. Binaca Geetmala was a highly popular radio countdown show of songs from Indian cinema that was broadcast on Radio Ceylon from 1952 to 1994. ... Ameen Sayani was probarbly one of the most famous popular announcer from India. ... Bollywood (Hindi: , Urdu: ) is the informal name given to the popular Mumbai-based Hindi-language film industry in India. ... “Hot 100” redirects here. ... Year 1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... Satellite television is television delivered by way of communications satellites, as compared to conventional terrestrial television and cable television. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ...


Accusations of plagiarism

Because popular music directors score a great many films over the course of a year, there is always a tendency to cut corners and speed production by plagiarizing. Sometimes the target is a catchy Western or Middle-Eastern tune with proven audience appeal. For example, one production number in Dil (1990) is based on Carl Perkins' Blue Suede Shoes, sung with Hindi lyrics. Many times, however, Indian tunes can easily get plagiarized. Of late the Indian film industry has been gaining visibility outside India and now there is real legal risk in plagiarism. Some producers have actually paid for the musical rights to popular Western songs. The Indian audience is also much better acquainted with Western music and films these days and more apt to notice the imitations. It would be hard to measure musical plagiarism with any exactness, but it is probably diminishing. Dil (Hindi: दल, Urdu: دل, translation: heart) is a 1990 Bollywood film starring Aamir Khan, Madhuri Dixit, Anupam Kher and Saeed Jaffrey. ... Carl Lee Perkins (April 9, 1932 – January 19, 1998) was an American pioneer of rockabilly music, a mix of rhythm and blues and country music that was recorded most notably at Sun Records in Memphis beginning in 1954. ... For other uses of Blue Suede Shoes, see Blue Suede Shoes (disambiguation). ... Hindi ( , Devanagari: or , IAST: , IPA: ), an Indo-European language spoken mainly in northern and central India, is one of the two official languages of India, the other being English. ... The term Western world, the West or the Occident (Latin occidens -sunset, -west, as distinct from the Orient) [1] can have multiple meanings dependent on its context (e. ...


Wider success for filmi

Filmi is also making converts and exerting influence beyond the usual Desi audiences. Western music stores carry Bollywood compilations. Baz Luhrman showcases the song "Chamma Chamma" from China Gate in his 2002 movie Moulin Rouge!. A. R. Rahman, one of the most popular current music directors, now has a musical, Bombay Dreams, playing in London and New York. This article is about the South Asian people. ... Baz Luhrmann (born Mark Anthony Luhrmann, New South Wales, 17 September 1962) is an Australian film director. ... China Gate is a 1998 Hindi film directed by Rajkumar Santoshi. ... This is a list of film-related events in 2002. ... Moulin Rouge! is a 2001 Academy Award-winning Australian jukebox musical film directed by Baz Luhrmann. ... Allah Rakha Rahman (Tamil: ஏ.ஆர்.ரஹ்மான்) (born on January 6, 1966 as A. S. Dileep Kumar in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India) is an award-winning film composer, record producer and musician. ... Bombay Dreams on Broadway, New York City Bombay Dreams is a Bollywood-themed musical. ...


Non-Indians interested in sampling filmi can listen to several Internet radio stations. If local music stores don't carry filmi, CDs can be purchased online or at local Indian grocery/spice/video stores. Some CDs are simply movie soundtracks; others are compilations of favorite songs by popular music directors or playback singers. Consult those Wikipedia articles for lists of popular artists. Most Indian films are musicals, and their music directors are among the best known musicians in India. ... A playback singer is a singer whose vocals are pre-recorded for use in films. ...


See also

Most Indian films are musicals, and their music directors are among the best known musicians in India. ... A playback singer is a singer whose vocals are pre-recorded for use in films. ... Bollywood songs (often termed filmi songs) are heard far beyond the borders of India. ... Bollywood (Hindi: , Urdu: ) is the informal name given to the popular Mumbai-based Hindi-language film industry in India. ... The Indian film industry is the largest in the world in terms of the ticket sales and the number of films produced annually (877 feature films and 1177 short films were released in the year 2003 alone). ... Filmi qawwali (Urdu: فلمی قوٌالی, Hindi: फ़ल्मी क़वाली) is a form of qawwali music found in the Bollywood film industry. ...

References

  1. ^ Reliving the Geetmala lore. S.K. Screen, Friday, September 22, 2000, transcript available online at [1], accessed online on 29 July 2006

External links

  • Films on Indian Stamps

 
 

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