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Encyclopedia > Film industry
Cinema admissions in 1995

The film industry consists of the technological and commercial institutions of filmmaking: i.e. film production companies, film studios, cinematography, film production, screenwriting, pre-production, post production, film festivals, distribution; and actors, film directors and other film personnel. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 351 pixelsFull resolution (1425 × 625 pixel, file size: 58 KB, MIME type: image/png)This bubble map shows the global distribution of cinema admissions in 1995 as a percentage of the top market (India - 3,380,000,000). ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 351 pixelsFull resolution (1425 × 625 pixel, file size: 58 KB, MIME type: image/png)This bubble map shows the global distribution of cinema admissions in 1995 as a percentage of the top market (India - 3,380,000,000). ... Production company refers to a company responsible for the development and physical production of performing arts, film, radio or a television program. ... A movie studio is a controlled environment for the making of a film. ... ‹ The template below is being considered for deletion. ... Film production on location in Newark, New Jersey. ... Screenwriting refers to the art and craft of writing screenplays for film or television. ... Pre-production is the process of preparing all the elements involved in a film, play, or other performance. ... Post-production occurs in the making of audio recordings, films/movies, photography and digital art, videos and television programs. ... A film festival is the presentation or showcasing of films in one or more movie theaters or screening venues. ... Wikibooks has more about this subject: Marketing Distribution is one of the 4 aspects of marketing. ... For other uses, see Actor (disambiguation). ... The film director, on the right, gives last minute direction to the cast and crew, whilst filming a costume drama on location in London. ... Film crew and equipment on a location shoot. ...


Though the expense involved in making movies almost immediately led film production to concentrate under the auspices of standing production companies, advances in affordable film making equipment, and expansion of opportunities to acquire investment capital from outside the film industry itself, have allowed independent film production to evolve. An independent film, or indie film, is usually a low-budget film that is produced by a small movie studio. ...

Contents

Modern film industry

The film industry as it stands today spans the globe. The major business centers of film making are concentrated in the United States, EU, India and China.


Distinct from the business centers are the locations where movies are filmed. Because of labor and infrastructure costs, many films are produced in countries other than the one in which the company which pays for the film is located. For example, many U.S. movies are filmed in Canada, the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand or in Eastern European countries. Pre-1989 division between the West (grey) and Eastern Bloc (orange) superimposed on current national boundaries: Russia (dark orange), other countries of the former USSR (medium orange),members of the Warsaw pact (light orange), and other former Communist regimes not aligned with Moscow (lightest orange). ...


United States

See also: Cinema of the United States

Hollywood, California is the primary nexus of the U.S. film industry. However, five of the major film studios are owned by East Coast companies. Only The Walt Disney Company (owner of Walt Disney Pictures, Touchstone Pictures, Hollywood Pictures, Miramax Films, and the Pixar Animation Studios) is actually headquartered in Southern California. American cinema has had a profound effect on cinema across the world since the early 20th century. ... ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... The major film studios, often simply known as the majors, are film studios (mostly United States-based) that produce many films per year. ... Regional definitions vary from source to source. ... “Disney” redirects here. ... Touchstone Pictures (also known as Touchstone Films in its early years) is one of several alternate film labels of The Walt Disney Company, established in 1984. ... The Hollywood Pictures sphinx logo Hollywood Pictures is one of The Walt Disney Companys several alternate movie labels. ... Miramax Films is a film production and distribution brand that was a Big Ten film motion picture distribution and production company headquartered in New York City before being bought out by The Walt Disney Company. ... Pixars logo and mascot Luxo, Jr. ... This article is about the region of Southern California. ...


Networking

Networking and establishing strong relationships are a vital part of Hollywood. The town is scattered with talented artists who do not possess the means to pitch their ideas or acquire representation. Reading the trades, Hollywood jargon for reading Daily Variety or The Hollywood Reporter, and joining a networking group or tracking board are ways to stay on top of the job market as well as the project market. See: relational model personal relationship mathematical relationship, including: inverse relationship direct relationship relation (mathematics). ... ... The definition of an artist is wide-ranging and covers a broad spectrum of activities to do with creating art, practicing the arts and/or demonstrating an art. ... Pitch may refer to: Look up Pitch in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Most generally, a representation is a performing of selected functions or roles of another physical or abstract object/person/organization in predefined circumstances and it is based on the consensus of the group/community involved. ... ... For the glossary of hacker slang, see Jargon File. ... Variety is a daily magazine for the entertainment industry. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


India

See also: Cinema of India

The Indian film industry is multi-lingual and the largest in the world (1200 movies released in the year 2002).[citation needed] The industry is supported mainly by a vast film-going Indian public (the largest in the world in terms of annual ticket sales), and Indian films have been gaining increasing popularity in the rest of the world — notably in countries with large numbers of expatriate Indians. One third of the India's film industry is mostly concentrated in Bombay, and is commonly referred to as "Bollywood" as an amalgamation of Bombay and Hollywood. The remaining majority portion is spread across south India (in Telugu and Tamil speaking areas).However, there are several smaller centers of Indian film industries in regional languages (Apart from Hindi,Telugu and Tamil) centered in the states those languages are spoken. The Indian film industry is the largest in the world in terms of the ticket sales and the number of films produced annually (877 feature films and 1177 short films were released in the year 2003 alone). ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Bollywood (Hindi: , Urdu: ) is the informal name given to the popular Mumbai-based Hindi-language film industry in India. ...


China

See also: Cinema of Hong Kong

Hong Kong, China is a filmmaking hub for the Chinese-speaking world (including the worldwide diaspora) and East Asia in general. For decades it was the third largest motion picture industry in the world (after Indian and Hollywood) and the second largest exporter.[citation needed] Despite an industry crisis starting in the mid-'90s and Hong Kong's return to Chinese sovereignty in July 1997, Hong Kong film has retained much of its distinctive identity and continues to play a prominent part on the world cinema stage. The cinema of Hong Kong is one of the three major threads in the history of Chinese language cinema, alongside the cinema of China, and the cinema of Taiwan. ... For other uses, see Diaspora (disambiguation). ...


Unlike many film industries, Hong Kong has enjoyed little to no direct government support, through either subsidies or import quotas. It has always been a thoroughly commercial cinema, concentrating on crowd-pleasing genres, like comedy and action, and heavily reliant on formulas, sequels and remakes. Typically of commercial cinemas, its heart is a highly developed star system, which in this case also features substantial overlap with the pop music industry. In film theory, genre refers to the primary method of film categorization. ... The star system was the method of creating and promoting film stars in Classical Hollywood cinema. ... Cantopop (Chinese: 粵語流行曲) is a colloquial abbreviation for Cantonese popular music. It is also referred to as HK-pop, short for Hong Kong popular music. It is categorized as a subgenre of Chinese popular music within C-pop. ...


Nigeria

See also: Cinema of Nigeria

Also known as "Nollywood". This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Nigeria was ushered into modern film making by a film known as "Living In Bondage", which featured Kenneth Okonwo, Kanayo.O. Kanayo, Bob Manuel Udokwu, Francis Agu, Ngozi Nwosu, Nnena Nwabueze, etc. This movie, which hit the market in 1992, marked a turning point in the Nigerian Movie Industry and heralded the trend in modern day movie making in Nigera.


The Movie Capital of the Country was in Lagos. However, over the years, there has been a shift from Lagos to Enugu, in the eastern part of the country. This shift is said to be chanpioned by Pete Edochie - a veteran in the communications industry who turned an actor and has become one of the most successful in Nigeria.


Now, with the Launching of TINAPA Studios in Cross River State of Nigeria, we expect yet another shift in the regular base of the movie industry in Nigeria, considering the attractive ultra modern facilities, and beautiful scenery and location of Calabar, the capital of Cross Rivers.


The movie industry in Nigeria would not be complete without a mention of those behind the movies. Not the actors this time, but the sponsors or producers who are mostly based in Onitsha, the commercial capital of Anambra State, of Nigeria.


History

The first feature film ever made was that of The Story of the Kelly Gang, an Australian film based on the infamous Kelly Gang. In 1906 Dan Barry and Charles Tait of Melbourne produced and directed 'The Story of the Kelly Gang', a silent film that ran continuously for a breathtaking 80 minutes. It wasn’t until 1911 that countries other than Australia began to make feature films. By this time Australia had made 16 full length feature films.[citation needed] For other uses, see Ned Kelly (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Australian city; the name may also refer to City of Melbourne or Melbourne city centre. ...


In the early 1900s, in the earliest years of the industry, motion picture production companies from New York and New Jersey started moving to California because of the good weather and longer days. Although electric lights existed at that time, none were powerful enough to adequately expose film; the best source of illumination for movie production was natural sunlight. Besides the moderate, dry climate, they were also drawn to the state because of its open spaces and wide variety of natural scenery. // Public flight demonstration of an airplane by Alberto Santos-Dumont in Paris, November 12, 1906. ... This article is about the state. ... “NJ” redirects here. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... For the geological process, see Weathering or Erosion. ... Most of the industrialized world is lit by electric lights, which are used both at night and to provide additional light during the daytime. ... Prism splitting light High Resolution Solar Spectrum Sunlight in the broad sense is the total spectrum of the electromagnetic radiation given off by the Sun. ...


Another reason was the distance of Southern California from New Jersey, which made it more difficult for Thomas Edison to enforce his motion picture patents. At the time, Edison owned almost all the patents relevant to motion picture production and, in the East, movie producers acting independently of Edison's Motion Picture Patents Company were often sued or enjoined by Edison and his agents. Thus, movie makers working on the West Coast could work independent of Edison's control. If he sent agents to California, word would usually reach Los Angeles before the agents did and the movie makers could escape to nearby Mexico.[citation needed] This article is about the region of Southern California. ... “NJ” redirects here. ... “Edison” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Patent (disambiguation). ... MPPC stands for Motion Picture Patents Company, also known as the Edison Trust, also known as the First Oligopoly. ... It has been suggested that civil trial be merged into this article or section. ... Look up Injunction in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Regional definitions vary from source to source. ...


Hollywood

The first movie studio in the Hollywood area, Nestor Studios, was founded in 1911 by Al Christie for David Horsley in an old building on the southeast corner of Sunset Boulevard and Gower Street. In the same year, another fifteen Independents settled in Hollywood. Hollywood came to be so strongly associated with the film industry that the word "Hollywood" came to be used colloquially to refer to the entire industry. A movie studio is a controlled environment for the making of a film. ... ... Christie-Nestor Studios, Hollywood, 1913 The Nestor Motion Picture Company of Bayonne, New Jersey, owned by David Horsley and his brother William, opened the first motion picture studio in Hollywood in the Blondeau Tavern building at the corner of Sunset Boulevard and Gower Street in the fall of 1911. ... Year 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Al Christie Al Christie, (November 24, 1881 – April 4, 1951) was a Canadian_born motion picture director, producer and screenwriter. ... David Horsley (March 11, 1873 – February 23, 1933) was English born pioneer of the movie industry who built the first movie studio in Hollywood. ... Sunset Boulevard (officially known as West Sunset Boulevard, except in Beverly Hills) is a street in the western part of Los Angeles County, California, that stretches from Figueroa Street in downtown Los Angeles to the Pacific Coast Highway at the Pacific Ocean in the Pacific Palisades. ...


In 1913, Cecil B. DeMille, in association with Jesse Lasky, leased a barn with studio facilities on the southeast corner of Selma and Vine Streets from the Burns and Revier Studio and Laboratory, which had been established there. DeMille then began production of The Squaw Man (1914). It became known as the Lasky-DeMille Barn and is currently the location of the Hollywood Heritage Museum. Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Cecil Blount DeMille (August 12, 1881 – January 21, 1959) was one of the most successful filmmakers during the first half of the 20th century. ... Jesse Louis Lasky (September 13, 1880 - January 13, 1958) was a pioneer Hollywood film producer. ... See also: 1913 in film 1914 1915 in film years in film film Events The 3,300-seat Strand Theater opens in New York City. ... The Lasky-DeMille Barn, where the Hollywood Heritage Museum is now located, was built in about 1895 on the Hollywood, California, citrus ranch of Robert Northam for horses, carriages, hay and other farm supplies. ... The Hollywood Heritage Museum is a Hollywood Studio Museum located at 2100 North Highland Avenue in Hollywood, California. ...


The Charlie Chaplin Studios, on the northeast corner of La Brea and De Longpre Avenues just south of Sunset Boulevard, was built in 1917. It has had many owners after 1953, including Kling Studios, who produced the Superman TV series with George Reeves; Red Skelton, who used the sound stages for his CBS TV variety show; and CBS, who filmed the TV series Perry Mason with Raymond Burr there. It has also been owned by Herb Alpert's A&M Records and Tijuana Brass Enterprises. It is currently The Jim Henson Company, home of the Muppets. In 1969, The Los Angeles Cultural Heritage Board named the studio a historical cultural monument. Charles Chaplin redirects here. ... Sunset Boulevard (officially known as West Sunset Boulevard, except in Beverly Hills) is a street in the western part of Los Angeles County, California, that stretches from Figueroa Street in downtown Los Angeles to the Pacific Coast Highway at the Pacific Ocean in the Pacific Palisades. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Superman is a fictional character and comic book superhero , originally created by American writer Jerry Siegel and Canadian artist Joe Shuster and published by DC Comics. ... A television program (US), television programme (UK) or simply television show is a segment of programming in television broadcasting. ... George Reeves (January 5,[1] 1914 – June 16, 1959) was an American actor, best known for his role as Superman in the 1950s television program Adventures of Superman and his controversial death at the age of 45. ... Richard Bernard Red Skelton (July 18, 1913 – September 17, 1997) was an American comedian whose greatest impact — in a career which began as a teen circus clown and graduated to vaudeville, Broadway, MGM films, and radio — began when he reached television stardom with The Red Skelton Show (NBC, 1951–1952... A sound stage is a hangar-like structure, building or room, that is soundproof for the production of theatrical motion pictures and television, usually inside a movie studio. ... This article is about the broadcast network. ... A variety show is a show with a variety of acts, often including music and comedy skits, especially on television. ... This article is about the broadcast network. ... Perry Mason is a fictional defense attorney who originally appeared in detective fiction by Erle Stanley Gardner. ... Raymond William Stacey Burr (May 21, 1917 – September 12, 1993) was an Emmy-nominated actor and vintner, perhaps best known for his roles in the television dramas Perry Mason and Ironside. ... Herbert Herb Alpert (born March 31, 1935 in Los Angeles, California) is an American musician most associated with the group variously known as Herb Alpert & the Tijuana Brass or as Herb Alperts Tijuana Brass or just TJB for short - a now-defunct brass band of which he was the... A&M Records is an American record label, owned and operated by Universal Music Group. ... Jim Henson, born James Maury Henson (September 24, 1936 – May 16, 1990), was the most widely known American puppeteer in modern American television history. ... John Denver and the Muppets: A Christmas Together The Muppets are a group of puppets and costume characters created by Jim Henson and the company he created. ... Also: 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ...


The famous Hollywood sign originally read "Hollywoodland." It was erected in 1923 to advertise a new housing development in the hills above Hollywood. For several years the sign was left to deteriorate. In 1949, the Hollywood Chamber of Commerce stepped in and offered to remove the last four letters and repair the rest. Year 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The sign, located at the top of Mount Lee, is now a registered trademark and cannot be used without the permission of the Hollywood Chamber of Commerce, which also manages the venerable Walk of Fame. Buskers perform on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. ...

The Hollywood sign as it appears today.
The Hollywood sign as it appears today.

The first Academy Awards presentation ceremony took place on May 16, 1929 during a banquet held in the Blossom Room of the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel on Hollywood Boulevard. Tickets were USD $10.00 and there were 250 people in attendance. Image File history File links The world-famous Hollywood sign. ... Image File history File links The world-famous Hollywood sign. ... ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... USD redirects here. ...


From about 1930, five major Hollywood movie studios from all over the Los Angeles area, Paramount, RKO, 20th Century Fox, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and Warner Bros., owned large, grand theaters throughout the country for the exhibition of their movies. The period between the years 1927 (the effective end of the silent era) to 1948 is considered the age of the "Hollywood studio system", or, in a more common term, the Golden Age of Hollywood. In a landmark 1948 court decision, the Supreme Court ruled that movie studios could not own theaters and play only the movies of their studio and movie stars, thus an era of Hollywood history had unofficially ended. By the mid-1950s, when television proved a profitable enterprise that was here to stay, movie studios started also being used for the production of programming in that medium, which is still the norm today. Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A movie studio is a controlled environment for the making of a film. ... Paramount Pictures Corporation is an American motion picture production and distribution company, based in Hollywood, California. ... RKO could stand for: RKO Pictures The R.K.O. - finishing manoever (and initials) of WWE professional wrestler Randy Orton. ... Twentieth (20th) Century Fox Film Corporation (known from 1935 to 1985 as Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation) is one of the six major American film studios. ... For alternate meanings of MGM, see MGM (disambiguation). ... “WB” redirects here. ... A typical multiplex (AMC Promenade 16 in Woodland Hills, Los Angeles, United States). ... Year 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Origins of motion picture arts and sciences Any overview of the history of cinema would be remiss to fail to at least mention a long history of literature, storytelling, narrative drama, art, mythology, puppetry, shadow play, cave paintings and perhaps even dreams. ... United States v. ... A movie star or film star is a celebrity who is a person known for his or her roles in motion pictures. ... the first thing that was invented was the automatic DILDO. Education grew explosively because of a very strong demand for high school and college education. ...


REFERENCES


Allen J. Scott (2005) ON HOLLYWOOD: THE PLACE THE INDUSTRY, Princeton University Press


See also

American cinema has had a profound effect on cinema across the world since the early 20th century. ... Motion pictures developed gradually from a carnival novelty to one of the most important tools of communication and entertainment, and mass media in the 20th century. ... sivaji ganesan from the film veerapaandiya kattabomman. ... Hollywood redirects here. ... Bollywood (Hindi: , Urdu: ) is the informal name given to the popular Mumbai-based Hindi-language film industry in India. ... , “Bombay” redirects here. ... MumbaÄ« (Marathi: मुंबई, IPA: ), formerly known as Bombay, is the capital of the state of Maharashtra, and the most populous city of India and the world, with an estimated population of about 13 million (as of 2006)[1]. Mumbai is located on the west coast of Maharashtra. ... In countries with federal constitutions divided into subnational entities known as states, the state capital is the administrative center of a state. ... , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA:  , translation: Great Nation) is Indias third largest state in area and second largest in population after Uttar Pradesh. ... Lollywood refers to the Pakistani film industry, based in the city of Lahore. ...   (Urdu: لاہور, Punjabi: لہور, pronounced ) is the capital of the province of Punjab and is the second largest city in Pakistan after Karachi. ... An independent film (or indie film) is a film produced without the support of a major movie studio or a big budget. ...

External links

  • Movie Making Manual wikibook
  • Online Movies, Taiwanese Law, and the American Film Industry - Feb 4, 2002 MP3 Newswire article on the potential impact of Net distribution on the film industry
  • Tom Cruise, Paramount And Hollywood Power’s Shift, And Now Hedge Funds - How the multinational corporations that bought the Hollywood studios get profits from movies.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Darcy's Korean Film Page - 1999 (6941 words)
At present, Korea's short film industry is enjoying a renaissance, thanks to expanding sources of funding, increased public interest, accolades from abroad, and a series of remarkable films shot by young, talented directors.
This is the second film this year to portray North Koreans in a sympathetic light; the last director to try this did so in the 1960s, and was subsequently jailed for his efforts.
What makes this film so bad is not so much the cast, chosen from a growing population of Western actors working in Korea (although in truth their acting is quite terrible), but rather the script, which is packed with more tired cliches than I ever knew existed.
Film-industry Seoul search - Film - www.theage.com.au (752 words)
At this time of year, as the AFI awards loom, the Australian film industry is put under a spotlight, a process that is a mixture of celebration and interrogation.
Films are singled out, performances highlighted - and, inevitably, an assessment of the overall state of the industry is made.
Film is widely studied - there is a high school in the town of Busan that specialises in film - and a constant supply of new recruits to the industry: 30 per cent of films have first-time directors.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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