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Encyclopedia > Film director
Director Herbert Brenon with actress Alla Nazimova on the set of War Brides, 1916
Director Herbert Brenon with actress Alla Nazimova on the set of War Brides, 1916

A director is a person who directs the making of a film.[1] A film director visualizes the script, controlling a film's artistic and dramatic aspects, while guiding the technical crew and actors in the fulfillment of their vision. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 538 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,367 × 920 pixels, file size: 172 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Date August 9, 1916 Author Bain News Service Permission (Reusing this image) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 538 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,367 × 920 pixels, file size: 172 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Date August 9, 1916 Author Bain News Service Permission (Reusing this image) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared... Herbert Brenon (January 13, 1880 - June 21, 1958) was a film director during the era of silent movies through the early 1940s. ... Alla Nazimova, born Mariam Edez Adelaida Leventon (May 22, 1879 – July 14, 1945) was an American theater and film actress, scriptwriter, and producer. ... This article is about motion pictures. ... Sample from a screenplay, showing dialogue and action descriptions. ... The Mona Lisa Although today the word art usually refers to the visual arts, the concept of what art is has continuously changed over centuries. ... For other uses, see Drama (disambiguation). ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Actors in period costume sharing a joke whilst waiting between takes during location filming. ...


However, film directors do not in all countries have absolute artistic control. The director can also be selected by the producer. The producer can in this case have veto power over everything from the script itself to the final cut of the film, often in anywhere from slight to extreme opposition to the director's vision. A film producer creates the conditions for making movies. ...


When directing episodes for a television show, a director's responsibilities are somewhat diminished, as the visual look and feel of the series is already established, usually by the person billed as the show's creator or executive producer. Those directors who choose or are chosen to work in TV traditionally have had to accept that they will not be as lauded, or as well-paid, as their big-screen counterparts.[2]

Contents

Responsibilities

A film director is responsible for overseeing every creative aspect of a film. They develop a vision for a film, decide how it should look, what tone it should have, and what an audience should gain from the cinematic experience. He/she is in short the storyteller. Film directors are responsible for approving every camera angle, lens effect, lighting, and set design occasionally even taking part in the hiring of key crew members. They coordinate the actors moves, determine camera angles, and may be involved in the writing, financing, and editing of a film. The director works closely with the cast and crew to shape the film and may often take suggestions on pertinent issues. Some like to conduct rigorous rehearsals in preproduction while others do so before each scene. In either case this process is essential as it tells the director as well as other key members of the crew (Director of Photography, Stunt Choreographer, Hair Stylist etc) how the actors are going to play the scene, which enables them to make any necessary adjustments.


Methods of film directing

Ingmar Bergman examines lighting conditions, apparently through x-ray film, during work on Wild Strawberries.
Ingmar Bergman examines lighting conditions, apparently through x-ray film, during work on Wild Strawberries.

Directors have different methods of creating a movie. Some styles include: Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...   (IPA: in Swedish; usually IPA: in English) (July 14, 1918 – July 30, 2007) was a Swedish film, stage, and opera director. ... In the NATO phonetic alphabet, X-ray represents the letter X. An X-ray picture (radiograph) taken by Röntgen An X-ray is a form of electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength approximately in the range of 5 pm to 10 nanometers (corresponding to frequencies in the range 30 PHz... Wild Strawberries a 1957 film written and directed by Ingmar Bergman. ...

Directors work closely with film producers, who are responsible for both artistic and non-artistic elements of the film, such as, script approval, financing, casting notes, contract negotiation and marketing. Some directors will take on some of the responsibilities of the producer for their films. Directors like Orson Welles are famously known for writing, directing and producing their films while the early silent film director Alice Guy Blaché not only produced her own pictures, but actually created her own highly successful studio. The term dramatic structure refers to the parts into which a short story, a novel, a play, a screenplay, or a narrative poem can be divided. ... Improvisation is the practice of acting and reacting, of making and creating, in the moment and in response to the stimulus of ones immediate environment. ... For the Lord of Appeal in Ordinary, see Christopher Guest, Baron Guest. ... Shelton Jackson Lee (born March 20, 1957, in Atlanta, Georgia), better known as Spike Lee, is an Emmy Award - winning, and Academy Award - nominated American film director, producer, writer, and actor noted for his films dealing with controversial social and political issues. ... For other persons named Robert Altman, see Robert Altman (disambiguation). ... Federico Fellini (January 20, 1920 – October 31, 1993) was one of the most influential and widely revered film-makers of the 20th century. ... Steven Allan Spielberg KBE (born December 18, 1946)[1] is an American film director, producer and screenwriter. ... For other persons named James Cameron, see James Cameron (disambiguation). ... Kubrick redirects here. ... Sir Alfred Joseph Hitchcock KBE (August 13, 1899 â€“ April 29, 1980) was an iconic and highly influential British-born film director and producer who pioneered many techniques in the suspense and thriller genres. ... Screenwriters, scenarists, or script writers, are authors who write the screenplays from which movies and television programs are made. ... Sample from a screenplay, showing dialogue and action descriptions. ... Woody Allen (born Allen Stewart Konigsberg; December 1, 1935) is a three-time Academy Award-winning American film director, writer, actor, jazz musician, comedian and playwright. ...   (IPA: in Swedish; usually IPA: in English) (July 14, 1918 – July 30, 2007) was a Swedish film, stage, and opera director. ... Kubrick redirects here. ... For the Jamaican musician named Charlie Chaplin, see Charlie Chaplin (singer). ... Billy Wilder (June 22, 1906 – March 27, 2002) was an Austrian-born, Jewish-American journalist, screenwriter, film director, and producer whose career spanned more than 50 years and 60 films. ... For other persons named David Lynch, see David Lynch (disambiguation). ... Joel and Ethan Coen, known as The Coen Brothers, are Oscar-winning American filmmakers. ... Pedro Almodóvar Caballero (pronounced ) (born September 24, 1949 in Calzada de Calatrava, Spain) is a Spanish film director, screenwriter and producer. ... This article is about the American screenwriter, film director, actor and comic book writer. ... Quentin Jerome Tarantino (born March 27, 1963) is an Academy Award- and Palme dOr-winning American film director, screenwriter and actor. ... Todd Field (born William Todd Field) February 24, 1964, in Pomona, California; is an American actor and Academy Award-nominated writer/director. ... Paul Thomas Anderson (born June 26, 1970[1] in Studio City, California) is a two-time Oscar nominated American filmmaker. ... Satyajit Ray (Bengali:  ) (May 2, 1921–April 23, 1992) was a Bengali Indian filmmaker and polymath. ... William Oliver Stone (born September 15, 1946), known as Oliver Stone, is a three-time Academy Award winning film director and screenwriter. ... John Daniel Singleton (born January 6, 1968 in Los Angeles, California) is an American film director, producer, and screenwriter. ... Shelton Jackson Lee (born March 20, 1957, in Atlanta, Georgia), better known as Spike Lee, is an Emmy Award - winning, and Academy Award - nominated American film director, producer, writer, and actor noted for his films dealing with controversial social and political issues. ... Hayao Miyazaki , born January 5, 1941 in Tokyo, Japan) is the prominent director of many popular animated feature films. ... Manoj Nelliattu Shyamalan (born August 6, 1970), known professionally as M. Night Shyamalan, //, is an Academy Award nominated screenwriter and director, who also performs smaller roles in his own movies. ... For the American composer born 1946, see Robert Xavier Rodriguez. ... For wartime collaboration, see Collaborationism. ... Wesley Wales Anderson (born May 1, 1969) is an American director, writer, and producer of features, short films and commercials. ... Owen Cunningham Wilson (born November 18, 1968) is an Academy Award-nominated American actor and writer. ... Noah Baumbach (born September 3, 1969, in Brooklyn, New York) is an American independent film writer and director. ... Edgar Wright at Comic Con in San Diego Edgar Wright (born 18 April 1974 in Poole, Dorset) is an English film and television director. ... Simon John Pegg (born 14 February 1970) is an English comedian, writer and film and television actor. ... Martin Marcantonio Luciano Scorsese (IPA: AmE: ; Ita: []) (b. ... Nicholas Pileggi (born February 22, 1933 in New York City, New York) is an American author and screenwriter, best known for writing the book Wiseguy, which he adapted into the movie Goodfellas, and for writing the book and screenplay Casino. ... Paul Joseph Schrader (born July 22, 1946 in Grand Rapids, Michigan) is an American screenwriter and film director. ... Jay Cocks is a film critic and screenwriter. ... Yasujiro Ozu (小津 安二郎 Ozu Yasujirō) (December 12, 1903 - December 12, 1963) was an influential Japanese film director. ... Kogo Noda (1893–1968) was a Japanese screenwriter who collaborated with Yasujiro Ozu on many of the directors films, including his first (The Sword of Penitence, 1927) and finest (Tokyo Story, 1953). ... Robert Lee Bob Zemeckis (born May 14, 1952) is an Academy Award and Golden Globe-winning American movie director, producer and writer. ... Bob Gale (May 25, 1951, University City, Missouri), born Michael Robert Gale, is an Academy Award nominated American screenwriter who, amongst other things, co-wrote Back to the Future with writing partner Robert Zemeckis and also wrote the two sequels for the film. ... Krzysztof Kieślowski Krzysztof Kieślowski (June 27, 1941, Warsaw – March 13, 1996, Warsaw) was an influential Polish film director and screenwriter, known internationally for his film cycles Three Colors and The Decalogue. ... Krzysztof Marek Piesiewicz (born on October 25, 1945 in Warsaw, Poland) is a Polish lawyer, screenwriter, and politician, who is currently a member of the Polish Parliament and head of the Ruch Społeczny (RS) or Social Movement Party. ... This article is about the film director. ... Robert Riskin (March 30, 1897–September 20, 1955) was an American screenwriter and playwright, best known for his collaborations with director-producer Frank Capra. ... Michelangelo Antonioni (September 29, 1912 - July 30, 2007) was an Italian modernist film director whose films are widely considered as some of the most influential in film aesthetics. ... Tonino Guerra - Italian screenwriter who has collaborated with some of the most prominent writers of the world. ... Cameraman redirects here. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Film editing. ... Steven Andrew Soderbergh (born January 14, 1963 in Atlanta, Georgia) is an American film producer, screenwriter, cinematographer, editor, and Oscar-winning director. ... Don Coscarelli (born February 17, 1954) is a Libyan-born American film director and screenwriter best known for horror films. ... For the American composer born 1946, see Robert Xavier Rodriguez. ... Joel and Ethan Coen, known as The Coen Brothers, are Oscar-winning American filmmakers. ... Sir Alfred Joseph Hitchcock KBE (August 13, 1899 â€“ April 29, 1980) was an iconic and highly influential British-born film director and producer who pioneered many techniques in the suspense and thriller genres. ... George Orson Welles (May 6, 1915 – October 10, 1985) was an Academy Award-winning American director, writer, actor and producer for film, stage, radio and television. ... Mel Brooks (born June 28, 1926) is an Academy Award-winning American director, writer, comedian, actor and producer best known as a creator of broad film farces and comedy parodies. ... Mel Columcille Gerard Gibson, AO (born January 3, 1956) is an American-Australian actor, historian, Academy Award-winning director, producer and screenwriter. ... Martin Marcantonio Luciano Scorsese (IPA: AmE: ; Ita: []) (b. ... Shelton Jackson Lee (born March 20, 1957, in Atlanta, Georgia), better known as Spike Lee, is an Emmy Award - winning, and Academy Award - nominated American film director, producer, writer, and actor noted for his films dealing with controversial social and political issues. ... Eli Roth (born April 18, 1972) is an American film director, producer, writer and actor. ... Kevin Michael Costner (born January 18, 1955) is an Academy Award-winning American film actor, director and producer. ... For other uses, see Clint Eastwood (disambiguation). ... Woody Allen (born Allen Stewart Konigsberg; December 1, 1935) is a three-time Academy Award-winning American film director, writer, actor, jazz musician, comedian and playwright. ... Quentin Jerome Tarantino (born March 27, 1963) is an Academy Award- and Palme dOr-winning American film director, screenwriter and actor. ... This article is about the American screenwriter, film director, actor and comic book writer. ... Sylvester Gardenzio Stallone[1] (born July 6, 1946) is an Academy Award-nominated American actor, director, producer and screenwriter. ... Manoj Nelliattu Shyamalan (born August 6, 1970), known professionally as M. Night Shyamalan, //, is an Academy Award nominated screenwriter and director, who also performs smaller roles in his own movies. ... Harold Ramis (born November 21, 1944 in Chicago, Illinois) is an American actor, director, and writer. ... For other uses, see John Woo (disambiguation). ... Edward Davis Wood, Jr. ... For other uses, see Clint Eastwood (disambiguation). ... For other persons named John Carpenter, see John Carpenter (disambiguation). ... For the American composer born 1946, see Robert Xavier Rodriguez. ... Finance addresses the ways in which individuals, business entities and other organizations allocate and use monetary resources over time. ... Next big thing redirects here. ... George Orson Welles (May 6, 1915 – October 10, 1985) was an Academy Award-winning American director, writer, actor and producer for film, stage, radio and television. ... A silent film is a film which has no accompanying soundtrack. ... Alice Guy-Blaché (July 1, 1873–March 24, 1968) was a pioneer filmmaker who was the first female director in the motion picture industry and is considered to be the first ever director of a fiction film. ...


Professional organizations

In the United States, directors usually belong to the Directors Guild of America. The Canadian equivalent is the Directors Guild of Canada. In the UK, directors usually belong to Directors Guild of Great Britain. A new director might earn as little as $20,000 a year, while the most successful can earn over $500,000 per movie, even millions per film in some cases.[3] Director Guild of America building on Sunset Boulevard. ... The Directors Guild of Canada is a Canadian labour union, founded in 1962, which represents more than 3,700 professionals from 48 different occupations in the Canadian film and television industry. ... The Directors Guild of Great Britain is an organisation set up in London to represent directors in all media: film, television, theatre, radio, opera, commercials, corporate, multimedia and new technology. ...


Related Careers

The term art director, is an overall title for a variety of similar job functions in advertising, publishing, film and television, the Internet, and video games. ... Cameraman redirects here. ... Actors in period costume sharing a joke whilst waiting between takes during location filming. ... Stage management is a sub-discipline of stagecraft. ...

See also

The film director, on the right, gives last minute direction to the cast and crew, whilst filming a costume drama on location in London.
The film director, on the right, gives last minute direction to the cast and crew, whilst filming a costume drama on location in London.

Download high resolution version (768x1024, 54 KB)A film crew recreates the atmosphere of a Victorian London smog or pea-souper. ... Download high resolution version (768x1024, 54 KB)A film crew recreates the atmosphere of a Victorian London smog or pea-souper. ... A costume drama is a period piece in which elaborate costumes, sets and properties are featured in order to capture the ambience of a particular era. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... La Fédération Européenne des Réalisateurs de lAudiovisuel (FERA) (Federation of European FIlm Directors in English) represents the interests of film and television directors in the European motion picture industry. ... Auteurs redirects here. ... This is a list of motion picture and television directors. ... Alan Smithee, Allen Smithee, Alan Smythee, and Adam Smithee are pseudonyms used between 1968 and 1999 by Hollywood film directors who wanted to be dissociated from a film for which they no longer wanted credit. ... This is a list of English motion picture and television directors who were born in England, or lived and/or worked in England during a significant part of their career. ...

References

  1. ^ Dictionary Definition
  2. ^ Karl French. "Seeing the director’s point of view", Financial Times, 2006-08-27. 
  3. ^ Audrey Arkins. Dream Job: Film Director. Salary.com, Inc.. Retrieved on 2007-12-24.

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 239th day of the year (240th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 358th day of the year (359th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Film crew and equipment on a location shoot. ... Pre-production is the process of preparing all the elements involved in a film, play, or other performance. ... A film producer creates the conditions for making movies. ... Theatrical production management is a sub-division of stagecraft. ... Theatrical production management is a sub-division of stagecraft. ... An assistant director (AD) is a person who helps the film director in the making of a movie. ... An assistant director (AD) is a person who helps the film director in the making of a movie. ... A Casting director is a person who is in charge of the casting of a film or other work requiring actors. ... Production assistant is a movie term for a person responsible for various odd jobs, such as stopping traffic, acting as couriers, getting items from craft service, etc. ... The script supervisor is a position found on most major motion picture sets and is the individual who is primarily responsible for maintaining comprehensive and detailed notes of everything that has been filmed (or videotaped) during the shooting process. ... Film shooting on Location in Downtown Los Angeles The Location Department is an often forgotten yet integral department in the creation of a motion picture. ... Production designer is a term used in the movie and television industries to refer to the person responsible for the overall look of a filmed event such as films, TV programs, music videos or adverts. ... The term art director, is an overall title for a variety of similar job functions in advertising, publishing, film and television, the Internet, and video games. ... Scenic design also known as Stage design is the creation of theatrical scenery. ... An illustrator is a graphic artist who specializes in enhancing written text by providing a visual representation that corresponds to the content of the associated text. ... A make-up artist is an artist who creates makeup and prosthetics for theatrical, television, film and other similar productions including the modeling world. ... A hairdresser is someone whose occupation is to cut or style hair, in order to change or maintain a persons image as they desire. ... Costume designer is a cinema term which refers to a person whose responsibilty is to design costumes for a movie or stage production. ... A set decorator is in charge of the set dressing on a film set, which includes the furnishings, wallpaper, lighting fixtures, and many of the other objects that will be seen in the film. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Cameraman redirects here. ... A Camera Operator uses a camera to capture moving images in events and scenes. ... In cinematography, a focus puller or first assistant camera (1 AC) is the member of a film crew responsible for keeping the cameras focus right during a shoot. ... A clapper loader is part of a film crew, whose name refers to the tasks of operating the clapperboard (slate) at the beginning of each take and loading the raw film stock into camera magazines. ... To film this recreated Victorian London street scene, the cameraman next to the lamp post is using a steadicam and wearing the harness required to support it. ... A gaffer in the motion picture industry is the head of the electrical department, responsible for the execution (and sometimes the design) of the lighting plan for a production. ... In a film crew there are two kinds of best boy; Best Boy Electric and Best Boy Grip. ... Lighting technicians are involved with setting up and controlling lighting equipment for entertainment venues (film or theater). ... In American film-making, the key grip is the chief grip on the set. ... In a film crew there are two kinds of best boy; Best Boy Electric and Best Boy Grip. ... In cinematography, the dolly grip is the individual who operates the camera dolly. ... Sound design is a technical/conceptually creative field. ... The production sound mixer is the member of a film crew responsible for recording all sound on set during the photography of a motion picture. ... A boom operator is an assistant of the production sound mixer. ... A utility sound technician, or simply utility, is an assistant to both the production sound mixer and the boom operator on a film set. ... The dialogue editor assembles, synchronises, and edits all the dialogue in a film or television production. ... A sound editor is a creative professional responsible for selecting and assembling sound recordings in preparation for the final sound mixing or mastering of a television program or motion picture. ... The Foley artist on a film crew is the person who creates many of the natural, everyday sound effects in a film, which are recorded during a session with a recording engineer. ... A sound editor is a creative professional responsible for selecting and assembling sound recordings in preparation for the final sound mixing or mastering of a television program or motion picture. ... A music supervisor, also sometimes called a music coordinator or musical director, is an individual who combines music and visual media. ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... Post production is the general term for the last stage of film production in which photographed scenes (also called footage) are put together into a complete film. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Film editing. ... Color grading is the process of altering and enhancing the color of a motion picture or television image, either electronically, photo-chemically or digitally. ... In the context of film and television production, a visual effects supervisor is responsible for achieving the creative aims of the director and/or producers through the use of visual effects. ... Movable metal type Typesetting involves the presentation of textual material in an aesthetic form on paper or some other media. ... Matte or matt can be used to describe a non-glossy finish on a surface; it can also be used to denote the surface surrounding a framed picture, between the picture itself and the frame; usually made from coloured card. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Filmmakers.com: The Film Director (0 words)
Judging from the comments of most professional directors, there is very little agreement as to what exactly their function is. There are some directors who say that they must concentrate primarily on the structures of the script.
The director, whether he explicitly controls all the subordinate work in a film or merely creates a certain context through his very presence, is the only participant in a film's creation whose moment of self-expression is wide enough and, thus, whose artistic vision may come to characterize the film as a whole.
When it is said that the director approaches a film with a sense of the whole in mind, obviously it is not meant that he has a complete knowledge of the finished product in all its parts.
Film director - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (702 words)
The film director, on the right, gives last minute direction to the cast and crew, whilst filming a costume drama on location in London.
A film director orchestrates the artistic and dramatic aspects of a film, based on a screenplay.
Directors often work closely with film producers, who are usually responsible for the non-artistic elements of the film, such as financing, contract negotiation and marketing.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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