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Encyclopedia > Filippo Juvarra
Filippo Juvarra.
Filippo Juvarra.

Filippo Juvarra, (in Spain Felipe Juvara), (March 7, 1678 - January 31, 1736) was an Italian architect and scene designer with a cosmopolitan outlook. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 642 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1041 × 972 pixel, file size: 380 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Filippo Juvarra. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 642 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1041 × 972 pixel, file size: 380 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Filippo Juvarra. ... is the 66th day of the year (67th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events August 10 - Treaty of Nijmegen ends the Dutch War. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 26 - Stanislaus I of Poland abdicates his throne. ... An architect at his drawing board, 1893 An architect is a person who is involved in the planning, designing and oversight of a buildings construction. ...


Biography

Juvarra was born in Messina to a family of goldsmiths and engravers. After formative apprentice years with his family in Sicily, where he designed Messina's festive settings for the coronation of Philip V of Spain and Sicily (1705), Juvarra moved to Rome in 1704; there he studied architecture with Carlo and Francesco Fontana. Messina, Italy Strait of Messina, Italy. ... Sicily ( in Italian and Sicilian) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,708 km² (9,926 sq. ... King Philip V of Spain (December 19, 1683 – July 9, 1746) or Philippe of Anjou was king of Spain from 1700 to 1746, the first of the Bourbon dynasty in Spain. ... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5... Events Building of the Students Monument in Aiud, Romania. ... Carlo Fontana (Bruciato, Canton Ticino, 1634 or 1638 - Roma 1714) was an Italian architect, sculptor, engineer and author of important writings on the St. ... Francesco Fontana (1585 or 1602 – 1656) was an Italian lawyer and astronomer. ...


The first phase of his independent career was occupied with designs for ceremonies and celebrations and especially with designs for theaters, in which he created a new type of theatrical space of virtuoso illusionism to supplant the rigorous architectural head-on perspectives inherited from the 16th century. He also designed theatrical machines and mechanisms, at Teatro S. Bartolomeo, Naples (1706), and at the established Teatro Capranica, Rome (1713). He worked as well in the capacity of a scene-designer for private theatres, in particular for the small theater at Palazzo della Cancelleria of Cardinal Ottoboni (1709) and a small theater for the Queen of Poland at Palazzo Zuccari, both extremely prominent commissions. In 1713 a theater project took him to Genoa. For other uses see, Naples (disambiguation) and Napoli (disambiguation) Location of the city of Naples (red dot) within Italy. ... The Palazzo della Cancelleria (Italian for Palace of the Chancellery, meaning the Papal Chancellery) is a palace in Rome, situated between the present Corso Vittorio Emanuele II and the Campo de Fiori, in the rione of Parione. ... Pietro, Cardinal Ottoboni, the Cardinal Ottoboni (1667–February 29, 1740), was a member of the noble Venetian family and the grand-nephew of the Venetian Pope Alexander VIII(1689–1691). ... Year 1713 (MDCCXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... Genoa (Genova [] in Italian - Zena [] in Genoese) is a city and a seaport in northern Italy, the capital of the Province of Genoa and of the region of Liguria. ...


In 1706 Juvarra won a contest for the new sacristy at the St. Peter's, organized by Pope Clement XI, and became a member of the prestigious Accademia di San Luca. In 1708 he created his first important non-theatrical architectural work, and the only one realized in Rome: the Antamori Chapel in the church of San Gerolamo della Carità. Events March 27 - Concluding that Emperor Iyasus I of Ethiopia had abdicated by retiring to a monastery, a council of high officials appoint Tekle Haymanot I Emperor of Ethiopia May 23 - Battle of Ramillies September 7 - The Battle of Turin in the War of Spanish Succession - forces of Austria and... This article is about the famous building in Rome. ... Clement XI, né Giovanni Francesco Albani (July 23, 1649 – March 19, 1721) was pope from 1700 to 1721. ... Accademia di San Luca, the painting academy of Rome, named for the Evangelist Saint Luke, reputed to have made a portrait of the Virgin Mary, who was patron of many painters guilds in the Low Countries and in Italy, was founded in 1593. ... // Events March 23 - James Francis Edward Stuart lands at the Firth of Forth July 1 - Tewoflos becomes Emperor of Ethiopia September 28 - Peter the Great defeats the Swedes at the Battle of Lesnaya Kandahar conquered by Mir Wais In Masuria one third of the population die during the plague J...


Juvarra was also an engraver: his book of engravings of sculpted coats-of-arms appeared in 1711, Raccolta di varie targhe fatte da professori primarii di Roma [1].

Basilica di Superga.
Basilica di Superga.
Royal Palace in Mafra (1719-1720).
Royal Palace in Mafra (1719-1720).

Juvarra's period of most intensive activity as an architect began in 1714, when after a sojourn in Messina, he moved to Piedmont where Victor Amadeus II of Savoy first employed him in a scenographic project, then named Juvarra the first architect of the court. The fame obtained here thanks to his talent and capacities determined his further activity at the richest noble and royal courts of Europe: in 1719 he was in Portugal, planning the palace at Mafra for Joao V (1719–20), after which he traveled to London and Paris. Image File history File links Mg-k_Basilica_Superga1. ... Image File history File links Mg-k_Basilica_Superga1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2560x1920, 1724 KB) Palácio Nacional de Mafra, Mafra Foto tirada por Paulo Juntas em 8 de Maio de 2005. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2560x1920, 1724 KB) Palácio Nacional de Mafra, Mafra Foto tirada por Paulo Juntas em 8 de Maio de 2005. ... District Lisbon Mayor   - Party José Maria Ministro dos Santos PSD Area 291. ... Battle of Gangut, by Maurice Baquoi, 1724-27. ... Messina, Italy Strait of Messina, Italy. ... For other uses, see Piedmont (disambiguation). ... ... Flag of Savoy This article is about the historical region of Savoy. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... District Lisbon Mayor   - Party José Maria Ministro dos Santos PSD Area 291. ... John V, King of Portugal (Portuguese João pron. ...


Among numerous created or projected works in Turin are:

  • Basilica di Superga (1715-1718) built on the high hill over Turin;
  • Facade of the church Santa Cristina (1715-1718);
  • Basilica della Natività
  • Palazzo Madama in Turin
  • Third enlargement of Turin to the west according to the orthogonal system introduced by Ascanio Vitozzi and Carlo di Castellamonte: the project including construction of palazzo Martini di Cigala (1716), of Quartieri Militari (1716-1728) and later of the church del Carmine (1732-1736), where the space is concentrated around the central hall with the scenographic effect of light falling from above.

Exploring more and more the original Italian and French traditions, Juvarra realized the facade and theatrical entrance staircase of the Palazzo Madama in Turin (1718-1721). For the Savoy royal family, he built the decorated hunting lodge called the Palazzina di Stupinigi (17291731). The Basilica of Superga is a church in the vicinity of Turin. ... Year 1715 (MDCCXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1718 (MDCCXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1715 (MDCCXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1718 (MDCCXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Palazzo Madama (also called the Palazzo Madama and Castle of the Acaja, is a palace in the Via Garibaldi, facing the Piazza Castello of central Turin. ... Carlo di Castellamonte (1560 - 1641) was an Italian architect, civil and military engineer, one of the main exponents of Piedmontese Baroque. ... // Events August 5 - In the Battle of Peterwardein 40. ... // Events August 5 - In the Battle of Peterwardein 40. ... Events Astronomical aberration discovered by the astronomer James Bradley Swedish academy of sciences founded at Uppsala The founding of the University of Havana (Universidad de la Habana), Cubas most well-established university. ... Events February 23 - First performance of Handels Orlando, in London June 9 - James Oglethorpe is granted a royal charter for the colony of Georgia. ... Events January 26 - Stanislaus I of Poland abdicates his throne. ... The Palazzo Madama (also called the Palazzo Madama and Castle of the Acaja, is a palace in the Via Garibaldi, facing the Piazza Castello of central Turin. ... Year 1718 (MDCCXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... // Events Pope Innocent XIII becomes pope Johann Sebastian Bach composes the Brandenburg Concertos April 4 - Robert Walpole becomes the first prime minister of Britain September 10 - Treaty of Nystad is signed, bringing an end to the Great Northern War November 2 - Peter I is proclaimed Emperor of All the Russias... The Palace of Stupinigi. ... Events July 30 - Baltimore, Maryland is founded. ... Events 10 Downing Street becomes the official residence of the United Kingdoms Prime Minister when Robert Walpole moves in. ...


In 1735 the architect was invited to Madrid by the Bourbon king of Spain, Felipe V, for whom he executed the projects for the Royal Palace, Granja de San Ildefonso and Palacio Real de Aranjuez, executed after the death of Juvarra by Giovanni Battista Sacchetti and other pupils. Another architect strongly influenced by Juvarra was Bernardo Vittone. Events April 16 - The London premiere of Alcina by George Frideric Handel, his first the first Italian opera for the Royal Opera House at Covent Garden. ... King Philip V of Spain (December 19, 1683 – July 9, 1746) or Philippe of Anjou was king of Spain from 1700 to 1746, the first of the Bourbon dynasty in Spain. ... East Palacio Real de Madrid North Palacio Real redirects here. ... La Granja is a Royal site in Spain that includes a Royal palace, gardens and sculptural fountains. ... The Palacio Real de Aranjuez at night The Palacio Real de Aranjuez is a residence of the King of Spain, one of the Spanish royal sites. ... Bernardo Vittone (1702 - 1750) was an Italian architect of the Rococo period, active mainly in his natal region of the Piedmont. ...


Juvarra died in Madrid in 1736.


Juvarra and Johann Fischer von Erlach influenced one another through the medium of engravings. Juvarra's work, along with much of Baroque architecture lost sheen with he rise of Neoclassicism. In 1994, a major exhibition of his designs was presented in Genoa and Madrid. Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach (1656- 5 April 1723) was an Austrian architect in the Baroque period. ... Adoration, by Peter Paul Rubens. ... Late Baroque classicizing: G. P. Pannini assembles the canon of Roman ruins and Roman sculpture into one vast imaginary gallery (1756) Neoclassicism (sometimes rendered as Neo-Classicism or Neo-classicism) is the name given to quite distinct movements in the decorative and visual arts, literature, theatre, music, and architecture that...


References

  • Pommer, R. (1967). Eighteenth Century Architecture in Piedmont. 
  • Gritella, Gianfranco (1992). Juvarra: L'architettura. 
  • Viale Ferraro, Mercedes (1970). Filippo Juvarra: Scenografo e architetto teatrale. Turin: Fratelli Pozzo. 

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Informat.io on Juvarra Filippo (549 words)
Filippo Juvarra, (in Spain Felipe Juvara), (March 7, 1678 in Messina - January 31, 1736 in Madrid) was an Italian architect and scene designer with a cosmopolitan outlook.
Juvarra was also an engraver: his book of engravings of sculpted coats-of-arms appeared in 1711, Raccolta di varie targhe fatte da professori primarii di Roma [1].
Juvarra's period of most intensive activity as an architect began in 1714, when after a sojourn in Messina, he moved to Piedmont where Victor Amadeus II of Savoy first employed him in a scenographic project, then named Juvarra the first architect of the court.
ArchitectureWeek - Culture - Juvarra in Turin - 2003.1203 (957 words)
Juvarra understood the medial position of Turin and displayed eclectic influences in the massive hunting lodge, Stupingi, which many believe to be his finest building.
Juvarra died suddenly in 1736 in Spain, where he had been summoned to work for King Charles V. His introduction of ideas from the south and their acceptance in northern Europe had a long-lasting influence.
The Basilica of the Superga by 18th-century architect Filippo Juvarra.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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