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Figs
Common Fig fruit
Common Fig fruit
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Rosales
Family: Moraceae
Genus: Ficus
L.
Species
About 800, including:
Ficus altissima
Ficus americana
Ficus aurea
Ficus benghalensis- Indian Banyan
Ficus benjamina- Weeping Fig
Ficus broadwayi
Ficus carica- Common Fig
Ficus citrifolia
Ficus coronata
Ficus drupacea
Ficus elastica
Ficus godeffroyi
Ficus grenadensis
Ficus hartii
Ficus lyrata
Ficus macbrideii
Ficus macrophylla- Moreton Bay Fig
Ficus microcarpa- Chinese Banyan
Ficus nota
Ficus obtusifolia
Ficus palmata
Ficus prolixa
Ficus pumila
Ficus racemosa
Ficus religiosa- Sacred Fig
Ficus rubiginosa- Port Jackson Fig
Ficus rumphii- Rumpf's Fig
Ficus stahlii
Ficus sycomorus
Ficus thonningii
Ficus tinctoria
Ficus tobagensis
Ficus triangularis
Ficus trigonata
Ficus ulmifolia
Ficus virens
Ficus vogelii

Figs (Ficus) are a genus of about 800 species of woody trees, shrubs and vines in the family Moraceae, native throughout the tropics with a few species extending into the warm temperate zone. Download high resolution version (1280x996, 301 KB)Clouds Taken by User:Fir0002 File links The following pages link to this file: Fig Categories: GFDL images ... Scientific classification or biological classification is how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms. ... Divisions Green algae Land plants (embryophytes) Non-vascular plants (bryophytes) Marchantiophyta - liverworts Anthocerotophyta - hornworts Bryophyta - mosses Vascular plants (tracheophytes) Lycopodiophyta - clubmosses Equisetophyta - horsetails Pteridophyta - true ferns Psilotophyta - whisk ferns Ophioglossophyta - adderstongues Seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta - seed ferns Pinophyta - conifers Cycadophyta - cycads Ginkgophyta - ginkgo Gnetophyta - gnetae Magnoliophyta - flowering plants Adiantum pedatum... Classes Magnoliopsida- Dicots Liliopsida- Monocots The flowering plants (also called angiosperms) are a major group of land plants. ... Orders see text Dicotyledons or dicots are flowering plants whose seed contains two embryonic leaves or cotyledons. ... Families Barbeyaceae Cannabaceae (hemp family) Dirachmaceae Elaeagnaceae Moraceae (mulberry family) Rosaceae (rose family) Rhamnaceae (buckthorn family) Ulmaceae (elm family) Urticaceae (nettle family) For the Philippine municipality, see Rosales, Pangasinan. ... Genera Antiaris Artocarpus - Breadfruit, Jackfruit Brosimum Broussonetia - Paper Mulberry Castilloa Cecropia Chlorophora Dorstenia Ficus - Fig, Banyan Maclura - Osage-orange Morus - Mulberry Musanga Pseudolmedia Streblus Treculia The flowering plant family Moraceae (Mulberry family) comprises some 40 genera and over 1000 species of plants widespread in tropical and subtropical regions, less common... Carolus Linnaeus Baba black sheep crowned patani queen Carl Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as (help· info), and in English usually under the Latinized name Carolus Linnaeus (May 23, 1707 – January 10, 1778), the name with which his publications were signed, was a Swedish botanist and physician who laid... This article is about the tree. ... Binomial name Ficus benjamina L. The Weeping Fig or Benjamins Fig (Ficus benjamina) is a species of fig tree, native to south and southeast Asia south to northern Australia. ... Binomial name Ficus carica L. The Common Fig (Ficus carica) is a large shrub or small tree native to southwest Asia and the eastern Mediterranean region (Turkey east to Afghanistan). ... The strangler fig (Ficus citrifolia) is best known for its strong roots and overgrowth at Angkor Wat in Cambodia. ... Ficus elastica, also called rubber tree, rubber plant, Indian rubber tree, is a species of plant of the fig genus. ... Binomial name Ficus macrophylla Desf. ... This article is about the tree. ... Binomial name Ficus religiosa L. The Sacred Fig Ficus religiosa, also known as Bo, Pipal (Peepul) or Ashwattha tree, is a species of banyan fig native to India, southwest China and Indochina east to Vietnam. ... Binomial nomenclature Ficus rubiginosa Ref: ITIS 507896 The Port Jackson Fig, also known as the Little-leaf Fig or the Rusty Fig, is a native of eastern Australia. ... Binomial name Ficus sycomorus L. Fig-mulberry (Ficus sycomorus), also referred to as sycamore or sycomore, is a fig species that has been cultivated since early times. ... Ficus tinctoria, the Dye Fig Member of the family Moraceae (the fig family) A small, medium sized tree. ... Fruit of Ficus virens Ficus virens, like all figs, is edible. ... In biology, a genus (plural genera) is a taxonomic grouping. ... The coniferous Coast Redwood, the tallest tree species on earth. ... A broom shrub in flower A shrub or bush is a horticultural rather than strictly botanical category of woody plant, distinguished from a tree by its multiple stems and lower height, usually less than 6 m tall. ... The term vine was originally a term for the plant on which grapes grew, from the word for wine (Greek oinos), for which grapes were grown. ... Genera Antiaris Artocarpus - Breadfruit, Jackfruit Brosimum Broussonetia - Paper Mulberry Castilloa Cecropia Chlorophora Dorstenia Ficus - Fig, Banyan Maclura - Osage-orange Morus - Mulberry Musanga Pseudolmedia Streblus Treculia The flowering plant family Moraceae (Mulberry family) comprises some 40 genera and over 1000 species of plants widespread in tropical and subtropical regions, less common... The tropics are the geographic region of the Earth centered on the equator and limited in latitude by the two tropics: the Tropic of Cancer in the northern hemisphere and the Tropic of Capricorn in the southern hemisphere. ... In geography, temperate latitudes of the globe lie between the tropics and the polar circles. ...

Leaves of the Sacred Fig Ficus religiosa
Leaves of the Sacred Fig Ficus religiosa

The genus includes one species, the Common Fig F. carica, that produces a commercial fruit called a fig; the fruit of many other species are edible though not widely consumed. Other examples of figs include the banyans and the Sacred Fig (Peepul or Bo) tree. Most species are evergreen, while those from temperate areas, and areas with a long dry season, are deciduous. Download high resolution version (915x750, 238 KB)Leaves and trunk of Bo tree growing at Schofield Barracks in central Oahu, Hawaiian Islands taken by Eric Guinther and donated to Wikipedua under GNU. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this... Download high resolution version (915x750, 238 KB)Leaves and trunk of Bo tree growing at Schofield Barracks in central Oahu, Hawaiian Islands taken by Eric Guinther and donated to Wikipedua under GNU. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this... Binomial name Ficus carica L. The Common Fig (Ficus carica) is a large shrub or small tree native to southwest Asia and the eastern Mediterranean region (Turkey east to Afghanistan). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with List of fruits. ... This article is about the tree. ... Binomial name Ficus religiosa L. The Sacred Fig Ficus religiosa, also known as Bo, Pipal (Peepul) or Ashwattha tree, is a species of banyan fig native to India, southwest China and Indochina east to Vietnam. ... A Silver Fir shoot showing three successive years of retained leaves In botany, an evergreen plant is a plant which retains its leaves year-round, with each leaf persisting for more than 12 months. ... Deciduous means temporary or tending to fall off (deriving from the Latin word decidere, to fall off). ...


A fig fruit is derived from a specially adapted flower. The fruit (an accessory fruit called a syconium) has a bulbous shape with a small opening (the ostiole) in the end and a hollow area inside lined with small red edible seeds. The fruit/flower is pollinated by small wasps that crawl through the opening to fertilise the fruit. Clivia miniata bears bright orange flowers. ... An accessory fruit is a fruit in which the fleshy part is derived not from the ovary (or surrounding stem, if the ovary is inferior) but from some adjacent tissue. ... Honeybee and bumblebee pollinating a Sedum telephium Pollination is an important step in the reproduction of seed plants: the transfer of pollen grains (male gametes) to the plant carpel, the structure that contains the ovule (female gamete). ... WASP (an acronym for White Anglo-Saxon Protestant) is a term, sometimes derogatory, that denotes either an ethnic group, or the culture, customs, and heritage of the American elite establishment. ... A spermatozoon fertilising an ovum Fertilization (also known as conception, fecundation and syngamy) is fusion of gametes to form a new organism. ...


Figs come in two sexes: hermaphrodite (called caprifigs because only goats eat them) and female. Fig wasps grow in caprifigs; when they mature, they mate, and the females leave in search of immature figs to lay their eggs in. When the wasp finds one, she pollinates the female flowers but will not lay eggs in the edible fig, only in the caprifig. Thus the edible fig ripens without any wasp frass in it. Genera Many, see text. ... Frass refers to insect droppings or excrement. ...


When a caprifig ripens, another caprifig must be ready to be pollinated. Tropical figs bear continuously, enabling fruit-eating animals to survive the time between masts. In temperate climes, wasps hibernate in figs, and there are distinct crops. Caprifigs have three crops per year; edible figs have two. The first of the two is small and is called breba; the breba figs are olynths. Some selections of edible figs do not require pollination at all, and will produce a crop of figs (albeit without fertile seeds) in the absence of caprifigs or fig wasps. A mast is a pole which holds a sail of a boat, see mast (sailing). ...


There is typically only one species of wasp capable of fertilizing the flowers of each species of fig, and therefore plantings of fig species outside of their native range results in effectively sterile individuals. For example, in Hawaii, some 60 species of figs have been introduced, but only four of the wasps that fertilize them have been introduced, so only four species of figs produce viable seeds there. Official language(s) Hawaiian and English Capital Honolulu Largest city Honolulu Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 43rd 28,337 km² n/a km 2,450 km 41. ...


Figs are also easily propagated from cuttings.


An extraordinarily large self-rooted Wild Willowleaf Fig in South Africa is protected by the Wonderboom Nature Reserve. The Wonderboom Nature Reserve is a 1 km² reserve centered on a wild willowleaf fig tree Ficus salicifolia that is more than a thousand years old, found to the north of the Magaliesberg in the city of Tshwane north of central Pretoria, South Africa. ...


See also

Here are lists of all the fruits considered edible in some cuisine. ... Binomial name Ficus macrophylla Desf. ... A box of Fig Newtons The Fig Newton (in Europe, a Fig Roll) is a soft, cake-like cookie (biscuit) filled with fig jam--despite a popular 1980s advertising slogan proclaiming, a Newtons not a cookie. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Category:Ficus

  Results from FactBites:
 
Fig (3078 words)
The Smyrna fig was brought to California in 1881-82 but it was not until 1900 that the wasp was introduced to serve as the pollinating agent and make commercial fig culture possible.
Large-scale fig producers in California spray ethephon to speed up ripening and then wind-machines are drawn past the trees or helicopter overflights are made to hasten fruit drop, thus shortening the harvest period by as much as 10 days in order to avoid impending rain and insect attack.
Fig trees are prone to attack by nematodes (especially Meloidogyne spp.) and, in the tropics, have been traditionally planted close to a wall or building so that the roots can go underneath and escape damage.
Fig - MSN Encarta (492 words)
The small flowers of the fig plant are borne on the inner surface of a fleshy, hollow organ called a receptacle, and the fruit is the result of further growth of the receptacle.
To ensure pollination in fig orchards, flower branches of the wild fig are suspended in the vicinity of cultivated fig trees, a process known as caprification.
The common commercial fig is classified as Ficus carica, the sycamore fig as ficus sycomorus, and the pipal, or sacred fig, as Ficus religiosa.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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